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Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand - W

WADDELS CREEK. Tributary Waikaka River.
WADDINGTON, Canterbury.' One of the many postal districts (or the farming settlements of this neighbourhood; 38 m south-west by rail from Christchurch, on Rolleston-Springfield line. Telephone to telegraph office at Sheffield, 1 m distant. No hotel; only boarding house here. Good roads. Post office. Nearest doctor at Darficld.
WADE, Auckland. A picturesque settlement on Hauraki Gulf, at head of Wade River; 24 miles north from Auckland City. Devonport and Puhoi coach passes noon on Fiiday and 11 a.m. Saturday (Wade first stop); or steamers tri-weekly, as tide suits (fare 5s). Fruit, vines, wool, and gum. Fair shooting. Grutts Beach between this and Waiwera seaside resort, sandy beach 2 m long. Private boarding 30s per week. Roads good. Three churches (Presbyterian, Weslyan, and English). Hotel and school. Post, telephone, and money order office. At present boring operations for coal are being carried on in Wade; Wade is also the place where the "Star of New Zealand" potato originated. Name is a corruption of Waiti (Maori). Nearest Dr. at Auckland. Climate very healthy. Auckland to Wade tri-weekly steamer (fare 3s single, 5s return); or by coach from Devonport- every Frid. and Sat. (4s single, 6s return).
WADESTOWN. A suburb of Greater Wellington, 3 m west from Wellington. Stores, post, and telephone; no hotel. Roads good for cycling, but rather hilly. There are several dairy farmers in the district. The tram service has just been extended to this suburb via Molesworth street and Grant road, the first sod being turned by Dr Newman, Mayor of Wellington, on April 2, 1910, and the line opened to the public June, 1911. For the visitor to leave the tram at corner of Park street and Grant road and walk up the old Wadestown road to tram terminus is to spend a pleasant half-hour. The view from the top of the hill well repays for the walk, and can be done in about half an hour, the view also of the city and harbour on the way up being of special interest.
WAENGA, Otago. 151 m north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Clyde, then coach daily 8 m. Vincent County. 5 m from Cromwell teleg. office. Post office situated on Kawarau River. Dr. at Cromwell.
WAENGAHEI. Stream flowing into Rotorua Lake.
WAERENGA Auckland. Scattered farming settlement by rail to Wairangi. thence coach (2s) tri-weekly 8 miles. On Waikato River, near Waikare Lake. 53 miles south from Auckland. A store and
sawmill in settlement, but no hotel or boarding accommodation. Post, money order and telephone office. Name Waerenga means "clearing in the bush."
WAERENGA FARM. Government experimental fruit station. See To Kauwhata.
WAERENGAAHIKA, Auckland. Near Waipaou River, in Cook County ; 8 miles north by daily coach (1s) from Gisborne. Dairying and maize growing Good shooting on the hilly run-country around. No fishing. Cycling roads fair and level. One hotel, post office. Native college. Telephone office. In 1865 the scene of a Maori rebel battle, when 92 rebels were killed and 300 prisoners taken; six Europeans were killed also. This was the site of a noted Maori pah stormed and taken by New Zealand troops on November 22, 1865, when. Bishop Williams, whose home was here, had to go to Napier for safety. Name means "Ahika's clearing on plantation." Ahika was a big Maori chief here and his plantation was here. Nearest doctor at Gisborne. The Native college belongs to the Church of England.
WAERENGAHOU, Auckland. 169 m S.W. from Auckland. Rail to Te Awamutu. coach to Kawhia, steam launch to Kinohaku (nearest telegraph office), then horse 10 m Post office. Nearest doctor at Kawhia.
WAERENGAOKURI, Auckland. Sheep .station and postal district; 18 miles west from Gisborne by coach on Monday; overland mail route from Gisborne to Wairoa; in Poverty Bay district, Cook County. There is a hotel here. See Tiniroto, a few miles distant, for description of surrounding country, etc.
WAEWAETAKAREPA. Tributary of Awatere River. Waiapu Co.
WAERIKIKI. See Mimihau.
WAEWARPA RANGE. East of Kumeroa.
WAHAKUPUKUPU. Peak at back of Akaroa.
WAHANGA. Volcanic, mountain Rotorua district.
WAHANUI, Hawke's Bay. Postal district for a few sheep stations on the Waiau River, near Waikaremoana Lake ; 97 miles north from Napier. Coach or steamer bi-weekly to Wairoa, then mail trap weekly 21 m. Turiroa is nearest telegraph office and township. Splen­did scenery and shooting in this neighbourhood.
WAHA-O-TE-IKA. Stream, tributary of Upper Mangahao River.
WAHAPU. See Russell.
WAHAROA, Auckland. Dairy-farming settlement and railway-siding on Frankton-Rotorua line ; 118 miles south-east from Auckland. A creamery and store in settlement. No hotel or boarding accommoda­tion; Piako County. Pheasant, hare, and duck shooting dose by, and 3 m back in bush are red deer. "Waharoa," named after a Maori chief, means “Big speaker." Post, telephone, money order, and savings bank office.
WAHI. Lake near Huntly.
WAHIMOMONA, Canterbury. 36 miles ninth-west from Timaru. Rail to Orari. then coach tri-weekly 18 m. Small farming district, with post office. Mail tri-weekly. Name "Wahimomona" means "fertile spot." Noted for its mineral deposits—lime, coal, and pipeclay. Good trout fishing and hare shooting. Nearest telegraph office Kakahu Bush. 2 m. Nearest doctor at Geraldine. 11 in.
WAIAKI. Creek near Ahipara.
WAIANAKARUA, Otago. Railway siding and farm settlement, between Herbert and Hampden, on main line of rail: 18 m S.W. from Oamaru. Nearest Dr. at Herbert, 4 m distant. One hotel and flour mill. The name means "Meeting of waters," the Otepopo and Waianakarua Rivers meeting here. Post and telephone.
WAIANIWA, Southland. Well-settled dairy-farming and timber-milling township: 12 miles north-west from Invercargill, on Orepuki line of railway. Good shooting—pigeon, kaka, duck, etc. ; also trout fishing in all streams about district. No hotel or boarding house. Has a tele­phone office and mail service daily. Sawmill in the district
WAIANIWA CREEK. Tributary New River.
WAIANI WANIWA. Falls and cave Keri Keri.
WAIAPU. The site in 1865 of a formidable Maori pah on Puke-niaire Hill, 3 m off here. Named from a large white stone in river bed near its mouth. The full name is Ohine-Waiapu. Waiapu Riv«r enters the sea 6 m south of East Cape. See Rangitukin.
WAIAREKA. See Weston.
WAIAREKA JUNCTION, Otago. Railway siding and junction with post office two miles from Oamaru. Nearest telegraph office Oamaru. A rich discovery in the form of granite has recently been unearthed here. Dr. at Oamaru.
WAIARI. See Kaeo.
WAIARIKI. Native settlement near Mercer.
WAIARIARI, Canterbury. Post and tel. office, and small settle­ment. 36 m S. from Timaru. Rail to Makikihi. then 18 m.
WAIARO. Native settlement in Cabbage Bay.
WAIATOTO. Jackson's Bay. Scandinavian immigrant nettled here in 1872. but dispersed later.
WAIATU. See Urnwhao.
WAIAU, Canterbury. On the Waiau-ua (or Dillon) River; in Amur) County; 83 miles north from Christchurch. Rail to Culverden, then daily coach or motor bus 16 m (5s, and 8s return} on arrival of train, returning to suit at 1 p.m. flood rabbit and hare shooting, also trout fishing right at township. Bad roads for cycling. Has Presbyterian and Roman Catholic Churches, and hotel, but no private boarding. Coaches start here for Kaikoura at 7.30 a.m. every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday (15s, and 25s return), returning on Mon.. Wed., and Fri., arriving at 5 p.m. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Correct name "Waiau-ua," means "Water current of rain." owing to the rapid rise of river in rainy weather. Dr. at Rotherham. 7 miles, visits here Friday. Adjacent country is now closely settled.
WAIAU. Southland. See Orawai.
WATAUA BAY. On East Coast near Cavalli Island.
WAIAU MOUTH. See Papatotara.
WAIAU PA. Auckland. Small settlement on the Waiuku-Onehunga River; Manukau 40 miles from Auckland. Rail to Onehunga, thence per s.s. Weka daily 30 miles, 6s return, 4s single. Farming and gum digging, and one flaxmill. Good schnapper fishing on Manukau banks. Roads level and good for cyclists in summer only. Accommodation obtainable at private house. Nearest telegraph office Patumaboe, 10 miles. Dr. at Pukekohe. 16 m.
WAIAU RIVER. In Coromandel district.
WAIAU RIVER, Southland. Drains Lakes Te Anau and Manapouri. (See Orepuki.)
WAIAU UPPER, Canterbury. 87 m north from Christchurch. Rail to Culverden, then daily coach 16 m (8s). Mails daily. Post and telephone office. Sheep farming district. One hotel. Good trout fishing.
WAIAU-UA RIVER (Known also as DILLON RIVER). In Southern Nelson. Percy Smith says:—"Waiau-uha and Waiau-toa were the male and female spirits of the lofty mountains at their sources. When Waiau-uha laments for her separation from her lord, it is known by the warm rain which melts the snows at their source and the floods of tears come down the swollen rivers. Thus does Waian-uha ever lament her severed lover." The Waiau rises a short distance east of the Clarence, and flows northward.
WAIAWA WANIWA FALLS 85ft high, with large cave underneath: near Waimate North, which see. Name means “rain­bow," the above falls giving on a bright day all the colours of the rainbow.
WAICOLA. A railway station 4 miles from Otautau, on Riverton-Nightcaps line. Post office for this place is now known as Waikouro, which see.
WAICOLA STREAM. Tributary of Aparima River.
WAIHAHA, Auckland. Small settlement and post town 10 miles from Russell, or seven miles from Opua, a Native settlement at the head of the Waikere Inlet. Pheasants and quail abound. Land mostly owned by Natives. In Bay of Islands County. Trout fishing. Antimony has been discovered here and is being worked. Post and telephone. Dr. at Kawakawa, 15 m. Name means "laughing water."
WAIHAKEKE, Wellington. Small sheep-farming settlement, 63 miles from Wellington. Rail to Carterton, thence five miles; in South Wairarapa County. Nearest telegraph station is at Parkvale, 2m. Is on the River Ruomahanga. Post office. Nearest Dr. at Carterton.
WAIHANA. See Mimihau.
WAIHAO, Canterbury. Now known as Morven.
WAIHAO DOWNS. The terminus of the Studholme-Waimate-Waihao Downs line, and one mile from Waihao Forks, and 39 miles S.W. from Timaru. On Waihao River. Post and telephone office.
WAIHAO FORKS, Canterbury. 40 miles from Timaru, on Wai­mate-Waihao Downs line of railway, seven miles from Waimate, which is nearest township, and about 10 m from Morven. At the junction of the North and South branches of Waihao River. A sheep farming settlement. Good trout fishing. Post and telephone office.
WAIHAORUNGA. See Waihao Forks.
WAIHAPA LAKE. (Maori: " Little water.") South Westland.
WAIHAPU. Bay, Russell harbour.
WAIHARAKEKE. 149 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Onehunga, steamer to Kawhia, thence steam launch nine miles 12s. Good fishing and shooting. Post and telephone. On river of same name, which means "water flax." Dr. at Kawhia. Is between Houhoura and Waipapakauri, and with population of 500.
WAIHARAKIHI. Tributary of Piako River.
WAIHARARA, Auckland. 220 m N. from Auckland by steamer weekly (30s, and 50a return). Post and telegraph office, tioads bad. Gum-digging main industry.
WAIHAU. A peninsula which formed the north side of Coromandel Harbour.
WAIHEKE, Auckland. A favourite holiday resort 20 miles from Auckland by steamer (fare: 5s 6d single, 6s return). Cowes is the post office for bere. Is an island on western shore of which a cable is laid to Motuihi Island.
WAIHEMO. Old district in Otago. 6 miles from Palmereton. now called Morrison's by the post office, which see.
WAIHENGA. See Martinborough.
WAIHI, Auckland. Gold mining borough, 141 miles south from Auckland by rail, and 13 miles by rail from Paeroa, on the Paeroa line. Newspaper, private hotels (no-license district), two banks, post, tele­graph, and money order office and daily mail service. The small mining settlements of Te Whariki and Whangamata are reached by bridle track from here; and Bowen Town, 12 miles distant on sea coast, is a favourite summer camping ground, visitors taking their tents and provisions. The sole suport of the township is derived from mining, principally from the celebrated Martha Mine, the property of the Waihi Gold Mining Co., and the district generally is one of the largest mining centres in New Zealand. The sur­rounding features are the bush scenery, which lies in the gorge, and the waterfalls between Karangahake and Waihi; the mines and batteries are well worthy of a visit. A small brick industry is being carried on. Three small sawmills working. Splendid fishing ran be obtained at Bowen Town, 12 miles distant. Good shooting at Katikati (18 miles), also good shooting at Bowen Town. Is in Ohinemuri County. Has school of mines and public library. Popu­lation. 6086. Coaches leave here for Katikati and Tauranga on Mon., Wed., and Fri. at 9.15 a.m., returning leaving Tauranga on Tues., Th., and Sat. at 8 a.m. Weekly paper. A few miles from the town at Waikino is the largest gold battery in N.Z. The river Waihi falls into sea 1 m south-east of Town Point, and runs in many branches through an extensive flat. Resident doctors.
WAIHI, Taranaki. See Waitara and Onaero.
WAIHI BUSH. See Woodbury.
WAIHI CROSSING. See Winchester.
WAIHI GORGE. Holiday resort near Woodbnrv.
WAIHI LAKE. Lower Waikato.
WAIHI RIVER. In South Canterbury.
WAIHI POINT. Near Jackson's Head, Queen Charlotte Sonnd.
WAIHIRERE. A railway siding nine miles from Gisborne, on the Gisborne-Te Karaka line. Makauri is nearest post and telegraph.
WAIHO. River taking its source from famous Franz Joseph Glacier. 89 m from Hokitika Name means ".shallow water."
WAIHO The Maori name for Thames River.
WAIHOAKA. 48 miles from Invercargill. By rail tri-weekly or coach bi-weekly. Sawmills. Nearest telegraph office Orepuki, 5 m. also nearest doctor. Name means "water and stone."
WAIHO GORGE, Westland. 91 miles from Hokitika. by steamer every six weeks. The Franz Joseph glacier is within half an hour walking distance from township, also hot sulphur springs. Post and telegraph office.
WAIHOANGA, Wellington. 50 m N.E. from Wellington. Post and tel. office. Formerly known as Otaki Gorge. See Otaki for descriptive matter. Rail to Otaki, thence mail cart 10 m.
WAIHOHONU, Marlborough. 57 m N. from Blenheim. Steamer daily from Picton to Portage, thence hired launch 32 m (25s). Nearest telegraph office Elaine Bay, 7 m.
WAIHOKI STREAM. Tributary of Tiraymea River.
WAIHOKI VALLEY. 126 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Eketahuna, coach daily (3s) to Alfredton, then coach to Waihoki Valley (20 miles) Fridays. Sheen farming district. Post and telegraph office. Doctor at Te Nui. 24 m.
WAIHOLA, Otago. Favourite summer resoit, 26 miles south by rail from Dunedin, situated on lake of same name, on Taieri Plains. The lake is a favourite shooting spot within easy reach of Dunedin.' The lake also contains perch of good quality, flounders, and a few trout. Rowing and sailing boats are always to be hired, while a motor launch is available for picnic parties in the summer months. From Dunedin to Waihola, after passing Saddle Hill, the road is mostly level and in excellent condition for cycling. There is a good private hotel at the railway station, also boarding. The surrounding district is good farming land and closely settled. There is a flaxmill and store. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank office, and telephone communication with Henley, Berwick, and Otakaia. Two mails dailv. The correct Maori name is Waihora. Nearest doctor at Milton.' 10 m.
WAIHOPAI, Marlborough. Sheep station. 12 miles north by coach bi-weekly from Blenheim. Post and telephone office. Accommoda­tion house here. On banks of the Waihopai River and on main road to Wairau Valley and Tophouse. Doctor at Blenheim. Good trout fishing.
WAIHOPAI, Southland. See Invercargill.
WAIHOPO, Auckland. 252 miles north by steamer from Auckland Monday (30s). Situated at mouth of Waihopo River. Fishing and shooting. Industries are gum digging and cattle raising, and some­times whaling. Cattle roam over the green fields here though little fond, then removed for fattening. Post and telephone office. In Maugonui County. Resident doctor.
WAIHORA LAKE. See Lake Ellesmere.
WAIHORA RIVER. Tributary of Whareama River.
WAIHOU. Branch of Hokianga River
WAIHOU, Auckland. Railway siding and settlement, 113 miles south from Auckland and two miles from Te Aroha, on Frankton-Thames railway. Hotel and store. Post, telephone, and money order office. Nearest doctor at Te Aroha.
WAIHOU LAKE. Cook County.
WAIHU. The orizinal name of Coromandel. which see.
WAIHUAKINA. Locality near Akaroa Heads.
WAIHUKA. See Poututu.
WAIHUNHUNUTIURI. Portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
WAIHUNGARUA, Auckland. 93 m N. from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, steamer to Matakohe (12s 6d return), then 6 m. Post and telegraph office.
WAI-ITI. Nelson. 20 miles south-west by rail from Nelson; in Waimea County. Hopgrowing, bark for tanning, and timber getting. Foxhill-Reefton coaches pass through. Good roads. The Wai-iti River runs through the district, in which trout are obtainable. Named from the river, which means "small river.'' Post and telephone office. Doctor at Wakefield, 3 m.
WAI-TTI. A suburb of Timaru, which see.
WAIKAIA, Southland. Mining and farming township, on Wai-kaia River; 132 miles south-west from Dunedin by rail. Railway station known as Switzers (which was also at one time the name of the post office and the old mining name. Mining of all descriptions carried on (hydraulic sluicing and dredging). Four good trout streams near township, and trout of good weight caught. Good cycling roads. A bank, post, telegraph, money order, and savings hank office.!. Pri­vate hoarding 20s per week, and three hotels. Doctor at Riversdale, 14 m, visits here Thursdays. Named from the numerous streams and murmuring waters in the locality.
WAIKAIA STREAM. Tributary Mataura.
WAIKAKA, Southland. Farming and coal mining (coal pits only) township 16 miles north-east by rail from Gore (Gore-Waikaka line). Store, hotel, post, telephone, and money order office in town­ship. Gold dredging. Doctor at Gore.
WAIKAKA, Auckland. On Hauraki (iulf. Steamer from Auck­land via Thames.
WAIKAKA RIVER. In Waiapu Valley.
WAIKAKA VALLEY, Southland. Small farming settlement, 9 miles from Waikaka and 8 miles from Gore by rail (Willow Bank railway station). Post and telephone. Name means "clear water."
WAIKAKAHI. See Glenavy and Morven.
WAIKAKAHO, Marlborough. 12 miles north-west from Blenheim. Rail to Tua Marina, thence weekly coach (2s 6d) 5 miles ; in Marlborough County. A small mining and sheep-farming settlement, with one hotel; is in a valley 10 miles long, on the Wairau River. Deri­vation of name—"Wai" "Water," "Kaka" "Native parrot," and ''Ho" "Wind." Post office. Nearest telegraph Tua Marina. The Waikakaho River flows into Wairau River, 4 m west of Tuamarina.
WAIKANA, Southland. 45 m N.E. from Invercargill. Mimihau is nearest post office, which see Is called after a tributary of the Mataura River, meaning "water of the mysterious fish." Every year numbers of the Kanakana fish make their way up the Mataura River, where they are caught by the Maoris, who look upon them as a great delicacy. Their mode of progression is by suction, and when they go up the river they are never known to go down.
WAIKANAE. Farming district Mataura.
WAIKANAE, Wellington. 37 miles north-west by rail from Wellington; in Horowhenua County. Half way between Wellington and Palmerston, on the Manawatu line. Sheep farming and flaxmilling. Two stores. Large boarding-house. Good trout fishing. Telegraph, money order, and post office. Nearest doctor at Otaki, 10 m.
WAIKANAE. Tidal stream close to Gisborne.
WAIKANUI. See North Taieri.
WAIKARA. Settlement near Mongonui Bluff.
WAIKARAKA, Auckland. 103 miles from Auckland: on Whangarei Harbour, seven mile by road or nine miles by boat from Whangarei. Daily steamer from Auckland and Whangarei. (See Whangarei.) Good sea fishing and pheasant and duck shooting, phone at Onerahi, 2 m. Doctor at Whangarei, 7 m. Name " River of Karaka." Post office.
WAIKARAKA RIVER. On East Coast of North Island.
WAIKARE. Near Ponto.
WAIKAREMOANA. The only lake of any extent in Hawke's Bay Province; is 11 miles in length, with a breadth at the widest part of about eight miles, and one of the finest and most picturesque lakes in the Dominion. The lake is 35 m N.W. from Wairoa (Clyde), lies 2000ft above sea level on the top of a mountain, is 846ft deep, and is approached by a good driving road to the outlet. A coach leaves Wairoa for the lake usually Monday and Thursday, 8 a.m. taking eight hours, returning Tuesday and Friday, 8 a.m. (35s return). The drive from Wairoa to Waikaremoana is full of interest, the view along the river bank being exceedingly grand, and becoming more expansive as the ascent commences, the last four miles being a very steep upward pull. The lake is well stocked with trout, and is splendid fishing ground. The Government have now an up-to-date boarding house, steam launch on the lake, and plenty of boats. The Government have made a road round part of the lake, so that it may be explored to some extent on foot. The Panekiri Mountain, which rises sheer from the lake, is well worth a climb, the track being very good and of fairly easy grade. The view from the summit of the surrounding country is magnificent. Along the shores of the lake there are many beautiful waterfalls. Nearest telegraph office Frasertown, 30 miles, which is connected by telephone with the Government accommodation extent on foot. The Panekiri Mountain, which rises sheer from house at Waikaremoana. Nearest doctor at Wairoa (Clyde).
Four hundred thousand trout ova have been put in the lake and streams by Government, and a hatchery has been built to stock the streams of the district with trout. The meaning of "Waikaremoana " is " A sea of rippling waters."
WAIKARETU, Kaipara Heads.
WAIKARI, Canterbury. On the Waikari Creek and Waitohi and Hurunui Rivers. 50 m N. by rail from Christchurch. In Waipara County, with a post, telegraph, and money order office Is the centre of a fine sheep district, find grows wheat and oats chiefly. There is good hare shooticg near at hand, trout fishing within six miles, and perch fishing half a mile off. Very good cycling roads, and there are two good hotels. Resident doctor.
WAIKARI LAKE. On W. side of Matahuru township.
WAIKARUA, Canterbury. Postal and farming district, 45 m N.W. from Timaru. Rail to Fairlie, then 7 m. Good shooting and fishing. Telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Fairlie.
WAIKATO. County in the North Island, the chief town of which is Hamilton. The whole district was the scene of many battles between the Maori and British.
WAIKATO RIVER. Is the largest in the North Island, rising near Lake Taupo, flows out of its N.E. corner, and runs thenoe about 170 m until it flows into the ocean a little distance S. of the Manukau Harbour: buf the peculiarity of it is that it flows through Lake Taupo, like the Rhine through Lake Constance. There is at the south end the Maori village of Takano, where the Waikato enters the lake and has its exit at Taupo at the north end, about 26 miles from Tapuncharuru, the site of the hot springs. The river is navigable for small steamers for about 100 m from its mouth. Original name was Wai-katoa, which means “all water." Dr. at Waiuku, 16 m.
WAIKAU. Settlement. Bay of Islands.
WAIKAUKAU STREAM. 14 m from Rotorua.
WAIKAURA, Otago. Railway siding 31 miles from Oamaru, on the Oamaiu-Hakataramea line. Duntroon, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
WAIKAWA, Southland. The most southern settlement of the South Island, situated on sea roast in a small bay; 50 miles north-east from Invercargill. Rail to Waimahaka, thence coach via Fortrose, Tues­day. Thursday, and Saturday; fare. 14s return. The first vessel built in New Zealand is said to have been built here (of 140 tons) in 1814, by one Peter Grant. Bishop Selwyn used to use this craft when visiting. "Waikawa" means "dirty water," the timber and moss on sea coast giving the waters of the bay a dark appearance. Fortrose 25 m distant. Sawmilling settlement, with boarding house, store and telephone office. Post, telephone bureau, and telegraph. Dr. at Wyndham, 36 m.
WAIKAWA BAY, Nelson. 31 miles north from Nelson by steamer (fare, 10s each way). In Sounds County. Post and telephone is here. The name Waikawa was given by the Maoris. It means dirty or sour wate; so called because the tide rises up into the creek and makes the water brackish. Sheep farming and deep-sea fishing district. Fish caught are sent to Wellington market. Good shooting obtainable. Rock-cod is the principal fish caught with the line, while moki and butter-fish are netted. Game includes pigeons, kaka, and quail. Dr at Nelson.
WAIKAWA HARBOUR. 26 m from Fortrose. See Waikawa.
WAIKAWA RIVER. Runs into harbour. Was known by Sydney whalers about 1840 as Success River, after the name of the first vessel that entered it.
WAIKAWA RIVER. Falls iuto the south-west of Waipiro Bay, in Cook Co.
WAIKAWAU. Stream in Coromandel district; also name of Native burial ground near Port Waikato.
WAIKAWA VALLEY. About eight miles farther inland from Waikawa on same mail route. Small farming settlement, on the Waikawa River, with dairy factory; also flaxmilling in the vicinity. Good fishing and shooting. Post and telephone office. Now called Waikawa Junction. Doctor at Wyndham, 28 m.
WAIKAWE. See Horowhenua.
WAIKEKI. Creek near Rangiriri.
WAIKERERU, Wellington. 151 miles north-east from Welling­ton. Rail to Pahiatua, coach daily to Makuri, then coach Tues. and Sat. to Rakaunui (12 m), then pack horse 5 m. Sheep farming district. Post and telephone office. Name means "Pigeon River." Doctor at Pahiatua. 37 m.
WAIKIEKIE, Auckland. 129 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Mangapai bi-weekly, thence 14 miles road; in Whangarei County. Post and telephone office. A farming township, with one store, dairy factory, and boarding house, but no hotel. Butter factory and public library.
WAIKIKIRO. Maori village near Flat Point.
WAIKIKIRO RIVER. On East Coast of North Island.
WAIKINO, Auckland. On banks of Ohinemuri River, five miles from Waihi and nine miles from Paeroa on Paeroa-Waihi railway. The Waihi Gold Mining Company has a new battery with 200 head of stampers here. Said to be the largest battery in N.Z. See Waihi. Name means "bad water"; so called from the dirty state of the river. Post and teleph. One hotel and boarding houses. Nearest doctor at Waihi.
WAIKITE. Warm bay at Ohinemutu.
WAIKITE. A geyser at Whakarewarewa.
WAIKIWI, Southland. Three miles north by train from Invercargill. Brick and tile works, nurseries. Trout fishing in Waihopai and Waikiwi streams, half a mile. Almost a suburb of Invercargill. Roads leading to Riverton, Winton, and lakes pass through, and are much used by cyclists. Wallacetown coach passes to and fro. Has a post and telephone office.
WAIKOHU. Terminus of the Gisborne-Waikohu railway 23 m from Gisborne. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor Te Karaka. Is in Auckland province, and is the name of the county.
WAIKOIKOI, Otago. Well-settled farming district, 96 miles south-west from Dunedin. Rail to Pomahaka, thence five miles; in Clutha Co. No hotel, but private boarding-house. Post and telephone office. Mail conveyance Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Name means "cool, cool water.'' from the stream running through the valley. Dr. at Tapanui, 11 m.
WAIKOKOPU. Tributary of Ruakaka River.
WAIKOKUPU. Situated at the northern extremity of Hawke's Bay. It is proposed to make a harbour here, which would give a depth of 30ft. Wairoa, south of Waikokupu, has always been the port; but bar at the entrance is its drawback, and so the settlers of Waikokupu and Wairoa have combined to secure a new harbour. Waikokupu is midway between Napier and Gisborne (steamers calling regularly from each of these places), and the country is said to be very fertile. Wairoa, Mohaka, Nuhaka, and Opoutama are the various post offices for the district.
WAIKOMIKO. Tributary of Haratanga River.
WAIKOMITI. See Waikumete.
WAIKONINI, Hawke's Bay. Sheep district, 27 miles north-west by weekly coach (10s) from Napier; in Hawke's Bay County. Nearest post and telegraph station is at Puketapu, 18 miles away. Is on the inland road from Napier, through Patea to Feilding.
WAIKOROMIKO. Scenic spot and auriferous, 4 m from Tokatea.
WAIKOROWHITI STREAM. 3 m south of Rotorua.
WAIKOUAITI, Otago. Also known as Hawksbury. Near the sea coast and Waikouaiti River and Bay. 32 in N.W. by rail from Dunedin; in Waikouaiti County. Sheep, agriculture, and dairyfarming district. Gold mining (sluicing) in a limited degree. Has a dairy factory, flour-mills, and branch bank. Is on the main road between Dunedin and Palmerston, which road is good for cycling. Duck shooting plentiful; the river is famous for its trout fishing. The sea beach, which is three miles of sand, is a great summer resort for bathing. The bush and caves at Matanaka may be walked to in an hour. Mount Watkins is easily accessible by riding or driving, the view of the coast being very grand as one rides along. Boarding obtained reasonably. Has also churches, school, and post, telegraph, and money order office.
Waikouaiti was the first settlement in Otago, and was esiablished as a whaling station in 1838 by the late Mr John .Jones. The Waikouaiti settlers were therefore, the first settlers of Otago, and the true pioneers of Otago, as they arrived in the brig Magnet on March 16, 1840, under the leadership of Mr Jones, eight years before Otago became a- settlement. It was, indeed, from the early settlers of Waikouaiti that the first sheep, horses, cattle, and grain were obtained by the other and later Otago settlers. The stock, also with a staff of men and their families, was brought by Mr Jones -from Sydney. .It-was at the instance also of Mr Jones that tho Rev. J. Watkins (Wesleyan) was induced to come as missionary here—the first missionary in the South Island.. The mountain at tho back of the town is named after him, thus perpetuating Mr Watkins' name in the locality. A yearly gathering of the remaining original settlers and their descendants is held here on the anniversary of the arrival of the Magnet (March 16). It was here also that the great fighting chief Te Wera lived at his fortified pa at Karitane, now tho resort of tourists and holiday-makers. "Waikouaiti" means "receding water."
Mr Jones gave the name Cherry Farm to his farm and homestead here. The Rev. J. Watkins held his first service on May 17. 1840.
WAIKOUKOU, Auckland. 33 miles west from Auckland and two miles from Waimauku railway station. A small fruitgrowing and timber settlement also gumdigging, creamery, and flaxmill. Is 10 m from the West Coast. "Waikoukou" means " muddy water." Nearest telegraph office Waimauku. Doctor at Helensville, 7 m.
WAIKOURA. Railway station Kurow line, 31 m from Oamaru.
WAIKOURO, Southland. 36 miles N.W. from Invercargill. Post and telephone office.
WAIKUKU, Canterbury. Situated on coast in Pegasus Bay, 20 miles north-east from Christchurch. Rail to Kaiapoi, thence coach daily (Is) 7 in. In Ashley Co. Post and telephone office. Surrounding district all farming. Flour, flaxmills, and wool-scouring works in settlement. Public library and store, but no accommodation. Old Maori pa; monument erected to mark the spot, unveiled by Premier 2nd April, 1899. Binder twine and rope industry.
Waikuku is so called from the number of pipi (shell fish) and cockles found on its beach. "Wai"—"water." "Kuku"—"pipi," or " shell fish.." For sportsmen there is a moderate supply of trout in the rivers and creeks. Doctor at Kaiapoi.
WAIKUKU. Hill near Pahiatua,
WAIKUKUPA. A small settlement on West Coast, and river of same name. 96 miles south-west from Hokitika, via Ross. In Westland County, with post office. Nearest telegraph office is at Okarito. 13 miles. "Waikukupa" means "pigeon water." Doctor at Ross. 90 m.
WAIKUMETE, Auckland. Railway siding 11 miles from Auck­land, on the Auckland-Helensville line. Lies at the foot of the Waitakerei Range, overlooking the Waitemata Harbour. Splendid fruit and vine growing district. During the autumn 500 cases of fruit left here daily. Auckland cemetery is here. Post and telephone. Favourite summer resort. Midway between here and coast on the top of the Waitakerei range is a good accommodation house. Waikumete is the railway terminus for passengers visiting the Niatapu Falls and the West Coast. Waikumete means a place where pigeons are snared when they come to drink. Has also a large fruit-canning factory.
WAIKUTA. Native settlement 3 ½ m from Rotorua.
WAIMA, Auckland. 205 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Kawene (in Hokianga Harbour), then 12 miles by horseback : in Hokianga County. Post and telephone office. Maori settlement. The oldest and largest oak tree in New Zealand is to be seen here at the old mission station. Good shooting. (Situated on Waima River, name meaning "clear water." Doctor at Rawene. Also may be reached by steamer to Dargaville, rail to Kaihu 17 m, then coach 86 m.
WAIMAHAKA, Southland. Is at the present the terminus of the Invercargill-Waimahaka railway, and is 26 m S.E. from Invercargill. The Waimahaka Stream close at hand; the Titiroa Stream two miles distant; Mataura River five miles off. Name means "twin waters"— Wai "water," Mahaka "twins." Post office and telephone. Doctor at Wyndham, 20 m.
WAIMAHANA. See Mangonui.
WAIMAI, Auckland. 65 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia, thence 21 miles by coach; on Raglan County, Tele­phone and post office. Fanning settlement. Coach to and from Ngarnawahia every Friday, returning Saturday; fare—7s single, 10s return. "Wai" means "water," and "Mad" "shag." Dr. at Ngarnawahia.
WAIMAIRA. A county in Canterbury, near Christchurch.
WAIMAK HILL. 5 ½ miles from Fortrose.
WAIMAKIRIRI CUTTTNG. Near Bealey West Coast road.
WAIMAKIRIRI RIVER. Flows into Pegasus Bay.
WAIMAK STREAM. Runs into Titiroa Stream Fortrose.
WAIMAKURIRI. Tributary of Waihou River.
WAIMAMAKU, Auckland. 225 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Hokianga Heads (45s return), thence 10 miles. Telephone, post and money order office. Kauri gum digging settlement. No hotel or accommodation here. Named from a mamaku tree being used for crossing over river.Doctor at Rawene, 30 m.
WAI MAN A, Auckland. 175 miles from Thames. Steamer to Whakatane (via Tauranga), then 20 m. Is in the midst of the Urewera highlands. Is a Native settlement, and is the headquarters of Hauhauism. Good pheasant shooting. Post and telegraph office here was shifted from the Native settlement to the Waimana Estate. which was purchased by the Government for closer settlement on June 12, 1907. The settlement is situated on the banks of the Waimana River, which empties into the Whakatane River at Taneatua. It is accessible by good roads from Whakatane and Opotiki, the scenery en route and coming through the Waimana Gorge being very fine. The district abounds in old Maori fortifications and excavations thrown up during tribal warfare. Good shooting and accommodation. Dairy farming, with cheese factory. Doctor at Whakatane.
WAIMANARARA RIVER, 5 m north-west of Kaikoura.
WAIMANGAROA, Nelson. Near river of same name at the foot of Mount Rochfort plateau : 11 miles north-east from Westport by rail. Gold mining (quartz and sluicing), coal mining, brick making, sawmilling, and foundry. Native bird shooting in bush. No cycling roads. Two hotels, but no private boarding. Coke making is likely to be started shortly. Has a post, telephone, and money order office. Fishing at mouth of Waimangaroa river, 1 ½ m. Dr. at Denniston, 3 m. Name means “peaceful water."
WAIMANGAROA JUNCTION, Nelson. 10 miles by rail from Westport and one mile from Waimangaroa railway station, which see. Three stores Flaxmill and hotel here. Formerly called Harben. Post and telephone office. Name means "stoney water.'' Doctor at Denniston, 4 m.
WAIMANGU. The name and site of the celebrated hot geyser; 17 m from Rotorua. By daily coaches in the season. Was said to be the greatest and most wonderfnl geyser ut the world. For some time the geyser has ceased working, but may resume at any moment.
The geyser, owing to an accident whereby visitors were scalded to death, is now securely fenced off, and a guide in the season resides in a hut outside the boundary fence. In approaching to the fence visitors who are not nervous may find a path amidst continuous steam across what is called "Frying-pan Flat " (from the place being in a continual state of frizzle). A path from here leads up to what is known as the Gibraltar Rock and to the shelter shed above this rock on the left side of the geyser, and from here a grand view may be obtained of the posi­tion of the geyser, which is in a lake only about an acre and a quarter in extent. The geyser when in operation was a splendid but terrific and fearful sight. The Government have erected on the crest of the hill, about three-quarters of a mile off, an excellent unlicensed, comfortable hotel. Meals and very comfortable bedrooms may be obtained here at exceedingly moderate rates. Tariff—10s per day for first seven days, 8s per day after seven days. The ascent of Mount Tarawera can be made from here. A Government oil launch conveys travellers across the boiling hot lake Rotomahana. Telephone connection with Rotorua.
WAIMARAMA. Hawke's Bay. 52 m S.E. from Napier by weekly coach. Post office: but nearest telegraph and doctor at Hastings. 20 in. Sheep-farming district.
WAIMARIE See Ormond.
WAIMARINO. 220 m N. from Wellington by rail. On Main Trunk line. Large tract of forest here. Good road from here to Ketetahi hot spring, on Tongariro.
WAIMARINO. County in North Island, chief town of which is Raetihi.
WAIMARU, Marlborongh. 26 miles by steamer from Havelock in Sounds County. Nearest post and telegraph office is Manaroa. 4 ½ m. Name means "still waters." Also known as Beatrix Bay.
WAIMATA. Near Aohanga.
WAIMATAITAI, Canterbury. Situated near Timaru.
WAIMATAITAI. Suburb of Timaru.
WAIMATA RIVER. Running through Gisbome.
WAIMATA VALLEY, Auckland. Small sheep-farming settle­ment. 17 miles from Gisborne. Mail every Tues.. Thurs.. and Sat. by coach. " Waimata " means "Water of bullets," so called because in the river of this valley numbers of bullets were found, no doubt as a result of a running fight with the Maoris which took place in 1869. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Doctor at Gisborne.
WAIMATE, Canterbury. Borough town in county of same name, 29 miles south-west by rail from Timaru, seven miles from sea coast, and five miles from Studholme railway junction. The centre of an extensive back country and a splendid agricultural and pastoral area. It owes its origin to the sawmill industry of the Waimate bush. The strawberry and raspberry culture here is an important industry, employing during the season 200 hands, and provides on an average five van-loads of freight per day during the months of November, December, and January. The Waikahihi Estate, in this vicinity, consisting of 44,000 acres, was purchased for £300,000 in March, 1899, by the Government under the Land for Settlements Act, and is now a prosperous settlement with about 140 farmers, and has added materially to the prosperity of Waimate. There is capital fishing and shooting (hares, duck and pukaki chiefly) in and about Waihao and Waitaki Rivers, nine and 15 miles distant. The roads here are specially suited for cycling, level and well-formed. Kelsey's Bush, Waimate Gorge, and Waihao Forks in vicinity are interesting show places. Several good hotels and private boarding houses, the latter from 15s to 20s per week; two banks, two tri-weekly newspapers, post and telegraph and Government offices. Half-holiday held on Thursdays. Population. 1762. There is a pastoral and agricultural association, the show of which is held in November; also a horti­cultural and an acclimatisation society. The name "Waimate" means in Maori "Still Water." In addition to the shootings mentioned above there is good wallaby shooting on the ranges, 5 m from township. Resident doctors.
WAIMATE. Island in Coromandel harbour with channel of same name.
WAIMATE GORGE. Favourite resort near Waimate.
WAIMATE NORTH, Auckland. 177 miles north from Auckland. Steamer weekly to Opua (Bay or Islands), rail to Kawa Kawa eight miles, thence weekly coach by Horeki coach (to within two miles of Kawa) 14 miles, 6s. Pheasant and native game shooting ; trout fishing. Good roads in summer only. The Omapere Lake, hot spring, and Waiawa Waniwa Falls- are in the district, as also are interesting Maori caves. No hotel, private board 15s weekly. Farming is chief occupation, but this part of N.Z. is the finest in the Dominion for fruitgrowing. Post and tele­phone office. One of the first mission stations in N.Z. " Waimate" means ''still water," from a spring having dried up. 6 m from here, Ohaeawai. was the scene of an engagement with the Maoris in 1845, and in the churchyard here are the graves of Lieut. Philpotts, of H.M.S. Hazard; Capt. Grant, of the 58th Regiment; and Lieut. Beattie. of the 99th, who were killed.
WAIMATE PLAINS. An extensive district in Taranaki pro­vince, tlie chief town of which is Hawera.
WAIMATENUI. Auckland. 141 m N. from Auckland. Steamer to Dargaville. rail to Kaihu, coach to Tutamoe weekly during summer, then horse 6 m. Post and telegraph. Nearest doctor Dargaville. 38 m.
WAIMATUA, Southland. 7 miles east by rail from Invercargill, on the Invercargill-Waimahaka line. - A sawmilling district in . Southland County. Nearest telegraph office Tisbury, two miles. Has a post office.
WAIMATUKU, Southland. 16 miles north-west by rail from Invercargill and four miles from Thornbury Junction, on the Invercargill-Orepuki line; in Wallace County. Dairy factory and store; post, and tel. On banks of Waimatuku River, in which is abundance of trout. Dr. at Riverton, 10 m. Name means "The water, or home, of the bittern." Waimatuku Stream runs into Foveaux Strait.
WAIMATU RIVER. Flows into Tauranganui River (Gisborne).
WAI MAUKU, Auckland. A railway siding and post and tele­graph office, 29 miles south from Auckland, on the Auckland-Helensville line. In Waitemata County. Mails daily flax dressing and gum digging. So named because Waimauku was flooded, and only the tops of the cabbage trees were visible. Wai "water," and Maukii "cabbage tree." Telephone bureau. Doctor at Helensville, 7 m. Creamery.
WAIMAUNGA, West land. Railway siding 35 miles'from Grey-niouth, on the Greymouth-Reefton line. Name means Blackwater.
WAIMEA. A railway station 21 miles from Gore, on the Gore-Lumsden line. Riversdale, three miles distant, is nearest post and telegraph office. Waimea Hill is 4 m from Mandeville. Waimea. Plains agricultural district between Balfour and Gore, and the Waimea Stream is a tributary of Mataura River.
WAIMEA PLAINS. Nelson district. Principal town Richmond
WAIMEA WEST, Nelson. Settlement in the hops district, 16 miles south-west from Nelson. Rail to Brightwater. thence two miles: in Waimea County. No hotel here. Is on the banks of Wai-iti River, a tributary of the Waimea. Mail service daily. Good shooting (hare, deer, quail, and pigeon) and good trout fishing. Telephone. Waimea River flows into Tasman Bay Doctor at Brightwater. Waimea East, which was an early missionary settlement with a German Church, is near here.
WAIMIHA. A railway station 152 miles from Auckland, on the Auckland-Taumarunui line. Porp-o-tarao, six miles distant, is post office for here. Waimiha River is noted for ita trout. Dr. at Taumarunui. 20 m.
WAIMIHIA. Native settlement near Pukekohe.
WAIMIRO, Hawke's Bay. 120 m south-west from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, coach tri-weekly to Waipatiki (8s), then mail cart tri­weekly 10 m. Post and telephone. Creamery and store. Farming distiict.

WAIMOTU, Otago. Railway siding 68 miles north from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Christchurch line. Herbert, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
WAIMUMU. 39 miles north-east from Invercargill. Rail to Mataura, thence coach six miles (1s). Farming and gold dredging district. Five dredges at work on the Waimumu Stream, which abounds with trout. There is also plenty of good shooting. Wai­mumu boasts of a lignite pit where plenty of good lignite is obtain­able. Name means "Dirty water," so called from the dark colour of the Waimumu Stream. Post office and telephone. Nearest tele­graph and doctor, Mataura, 7 miles. Dairy factory. WAINAINAU BAY. Pelorus Sound.
WAINGAKE. Situated on the banks of the Arai River, about 20 miles south from Gisborne and 12 miles from Manutuke. Mail coach runs twice weekly. Bush felling and sheep farming are prin­cipal industries. Nearest telegraph office Manutuke.
WAINGARARA. 165 miles south from Thames. Steamer weekly to Whakatane, thence 15 miles. Farming district. Nearest telegraph office Taneatna, 8 m. Name means "Water lizard."
WAINGARARA STREAM. Tributary of Makuri River
WAINGARO, Auckland. Small fruit -growing and farming settle­ment in the hot springs district; 80 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia, thence 16 miles (fare; 6s single, 10s return) Post and telephone office. Mail service bi-weekly (Tuesday and Friday). Coach runs daily in summer. Name "Waingaro"' means "hidden waters." Spring connected with the hotel here.
WAINGAROA. See Takaka.
WAINGAWA. 79 m north from Wellington. Rail to Masterton, thence 8 m Nearest telegraph Masterton, 8 m. Is about 3 m from the beginning of the ascent of Mt. Holdsworth, close to Waingawa River, which is a good trout stream. Cheese factory and school. Sheepfarming and dairying. Roads good for cycling. Dr at Masterton. The freezing works of the Wellington Farmers' Meat Co. is here.
WAINIHINIHI. 28 miles north-east from Hokitika. Bail to Kumara, thence roach bi-weekly 12 miles. Farming and dairy farm­ing. Game shooting, Post and telephone. On the banks of the river of the same name. Dr. at Kumara. Name means "Water plant."
WAINONA. Homestead and lake near Studholme Junction. Now known as Norton.
WAINONI, Auckland. On North Shore 13 m from Auckland by steamer. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Birkeniiead. 8 m.
WAINUI, Canterbury. On sea coast, 4 m S.E. by steamer bi-weekly (2s) from Akarpa. Cheese and grass seed, and cheese factory. Hare shooting and good sea fishing; has several bays worthy of visit. Good roads and no hotel, but private boarding at 25s per week. Post office. Good tripholite has been found here; there is also an abundance of red clay considered suitable for paintmaking. Post and telephone office.
WAINUI. Portion of seashore near Gisbome.
WAINUI. Hill. 2380ft, overlooking Paekakariki.
WAINUI, Wellington. See Herbertville.
WAINUI. The old name for Parakakau, which see, also Totaranui.
WAINUIOMATA (Wai Nui Omata), Wellington. Small saw-milling and pastoral settlement 16 miles east from Wellington. Rail to Hutt, thence seven miles ; in Lower Hutt County. Telephone communica­tion with Hutt. Mail service bi-weekly. Dr. at Lower Hutt The Wellington City Council's reservoirs at head of Wainui Valley, capable of holding 110,000,000 gallons of water, are near here for the water supply of Wellington City. Post and telegraph office.
WAINUIOMATA RIVER. Flows into Cook Strait.
WAINUIORU, Wellington. 90 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Carterton, then bi-weekly coach, via Gladstone, 30 miles (5s). Nearest telegraph station is at Gladstone, 10 miles. Sheep station and timber milling district, with store but no hotel, and has private boarding house. Post office for this place is Te Wharau. Name meant "Wai" "water," "nut" "plenty," " oru " "zig-zag, rough, roaring."
WAIOHIKA, Auckland. 7 m west by coach from Gisbome. Good roads for cycling. No shooting or fishing. Dairy farming. Native pine bush reserve here. Fine view from Gray's Hill, 2 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph Tapu, 4 m. Name means "Water of Hika." Maoris say the old chief Hika had a well here from which he used to draw, water for his tribe when on the war path.
WAIOHI VALLEY. European settlement between Hukerenui and Puhipuhi.
WAIOHEWA. Native settlement on cast shore Lake Rotonia.
WAIOHINE STREAM. Tributary of Ruamahiinga River.
WAIOMATATINI. See Port Awanui.
WAIOMIO, Auckland. A sheep district on Firth of Thames, 8 m north from Thames by coach daily (1s 6d); in Thames County. Name means "water in the oven. " Dairy and sheep farming and gum digging. Good fishing and shooting on River Waiomio. Gold mining also carried on. Doctor at Thames. Post and telegraph office.
WAIOMO. Trout stream near Tirau.
WAIOMOKO RIVER. Near Gisborne.
WAI ONE, Hawke's Bay. 113 miles from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, coach to Weber (25 miles) 10s, thence nine miles on Monday and Friday. Mail service bi-weekly. Post and telephone and money order office. Is on the Akitio River, ami lias a creamery. Name means "Bend in the river."
WAIONEPA. Tributary of North Wairoa River.
WAIONEPU. Tributary of Mangonui River.
WAIONGONA, Taranaki. 12 miles south by rail from New Plymouth and three miles from Inglewood, in Taranaki County. Small dairy fanning settlement. Nearest telegraph office is at Inglewood. Good trout fishing and hare shooting. Situated on Waiongona River. Dr. at Inglewood.
WAIORONGOMAI, Auckland. 38 miles south from Thames. Rail to Te Aroha, thence coach three miles; in Piako County. Post, tele­phone and postal note office. A picturesque little spot, the winding pathway up the glen being a favourite walk for tourists from Te Aroha. Gold mining in the hills which rise abruptly north of the township; and the extensive plain to the south is occupied by dairy farmers. Nearest Dr. at Te Aroha. 3 m.
WAIOTAHI, Auckland. Fanning settlement, situated on a. small river in the south of the Bay of Plenty. 174 miles south-east by steamer from Auckland weekly via Ohiwa, the nearest port, and then 4 m; in Wlakatane County. Post and telephone. On river of same name about 2 m from its mouth on sea beach. Name means "Nearest water." Good shooting. Doctor at Opotiki. 7 m.
WAIOTAM A, Auckland. 116 m north-west from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, steamer via Dargaville (where tranship) to Tangiteroria, thence hire 5 m; or steamer from Auckland to Whangarei, thence 18 m hire. Farminng settlement. Mails weekly. Doctor at Whatigarei.
WAIOTAPU, Auckland. 194 miles from Auckland. Train to Rotorua, thence coach 21 miles: situated in the Waiotapu Valley, about 12 miles from the Waikato River, where a new bridge is erected. Shooting plentiful. The streams have been stocked with fish and should in time afford good fishing. Mail service bi-weekly. Post and tele­phone office. Coach from Rotorua Mon.. Wed., and Fri., returning same day (10s return) in summer daily. Motor service runs from Taupo on same days. A Government plantation for raising trees here.
WAIOTEMARAMA, Auckland. 222 m N. from Auckland by steamer. Situated on the Waiotemarama River, one mile from the sea coast. Mail service bi-weekly. Telephone office. Native settlement means "Waters of the moon.'' In Hokianga County. Nearest Doctor at Rawene, 30 m.
WAIOTERA STREAM Tributary of Mangonui River
WAIOTU. A railway siding 21 miles from Opau, on the Whangarei-Hukerenui line. Nearest post office is Hukerenui.
WAIOURU, Auckland. 185 m N. from Wellington. 2600ft above sea level, on the Main Trunk railway route. Post, money order, and telephone. Accommodation houses. Nearest doctor at Ohakune, 17 m.
WAIOWAKA. Now called MARA. which see.
WAIOWATEA, Wellington. 155 miles north-east from Welling­ton Coach to Makuri, then 20 miles.
WAT-O-WHIRO STREAM. Near Kawaha Point, Rotorua Lake.
WAIPA. A tributary of the Waikator River; runs through a fine district. A beautiful river, and had many Maori settlements on its banks.
WAIPA. Plain 4 m south of Rotorua.
WAIPA. County. Auckland district.
WAIPAHI, Otago. 84 miles south by rail from Dunedin; in Clutha Connty; on Waipahi and Pomahaka Rivers. Agricultural and pastoral district. Dredging on Pomahaka. Good shooting and fishing near at hand. Private board 20s per week. Telegraph and money order office. Good roads in summer. Trout are numerous in Waipahi River, which runs through township. Is the junction of the Waipahi-Edievale railway. Named from a Maori chief called Pahi, who was born beside the water ("Wai"). Early spelling of this word is Waipahee. Doctorr at Clinton. 10 m.
WAIPAOA. 15 miles from Gisborne by rail. Nearest post office Orrnond, three miles distant.
WAIPAOA RIVER. Flows into Poverty Bay.
WAIPAPA, Auckland. 184 miles north from Auckland. By coach weekly from Ohaeawai (15 m), or Kaeo (15 m), which see. Is on Great North Road, and is a post and telephone office. A seam of kerosene shale exists here, but some years ago samples were analysed by the Government analyst and gave only 15 per cent, of oil, which was not deemed payable. Doctor at Ohaeawai. The Kauri Timber Co. have recently completed railway from Waipapa Landing to Pukete. some 12 m distant.
WAIPAPA. Headland 23 m north of Kaikoura. where s.s. Taiaroa was wrecked.
WAIPAPA BEACH. See Fortrose.
WAIPAPA POINT. The most southerly point of the South Island. There is a lighthouse here and Fortrose is nearest settlement.-It was here on the Waipapa reef the steamer Tararua was wrecked with great loss of life on April 29, 1881.
WAIPAPAKAURI. Farming district 214 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer weekly to Awanui (50s return), thence 4 miles by launch. Gum digging and flax milling. Post and telephone office. Hoitel and store. Doctor at Kaitaia. 9 m.
WAIPARA, Canterbury. Railway station and sheep district,'41 miles north by rail from Christchurch. on Culverden line. In Waipara County. Post and telegraph office. One hotel; no boarding house or store. On Waipara River, nine miles from coast. Shooting : -Wild pigs, ducks, and hares. Trout fishing. Name means "Sandy water." Is the name of the county.
WAIPARA. Bay in Raglan Harbour.
WAIPARA. See Hokitika.
WAIPARA RIVER. Draining part of North Canterbury.
WAIPARE. See Tokomaru.
WAIPATIKI, Hawke's Bay. 101 miles S.W. from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, thence coach south-east, on Tuesday, Thursday; and Saturday, 25 miles ,(fare 8s). In Weber County. Telephone and post office. Weber nearest township with hotel accommodation, three miles distant. Only a few sheep farms and runs here. Takes its name from stream running through. Name means "crooked waters." Doctor at Weber, 3 m.
WAIPATUKAHU, Auckland. 16 miles by hire from Thames. Gold mining district. Nearest post and telegraph office is at Tapu. Takes its name from a stream running through, and means "The beatling ground." " Wai " "water," " patu " "to beat," and " kahu" "clothing"; the Natives found the waters of the stream very suitable for beating the flax fibre. District abounds in mineral wealth, which has not yet been prospected. The district lies directly under the mountain range, and is very picturesque. Vines and fruit of all kinds grow luxuriantly. Dr. at Thames.
WAIPAWA, Hawke's Bay. The county town for Waipawa County; situated on northern bank of Waipawa River 39 miles soutb by rail from Napier, four trains daily north and south. The natural centre of a large pastoral district, and if the sheep runs which surround it were divided, would soon become an important inland town. Coaches for Onga Onga (11 miles) 3s. and Hampden (13 miles) 3s, leave daily; and to Tamumu (six miles) 2s 6d, Pourere (25 miles) 8s (Monday and Thursday 10.15 a.m., returning Tuesday and Friday), and to Blackhead on. Monday and Thursday at 10.15 a.m.. 31 m, fare 10s 6d. There is one brewery. Three hotels, private board 30s weekly. Tri weekly newspaper, two banks, convent and private schools, hunt and racing clubs, etc. Goo:l trout fishing in Waipawa. Municipal Gas works and Theatre. Post, telegraph, and money order and Government offices. Half holiday held on Wednesday. On southern bank of the river is Maori settlement of Tapairu, well laid out with several fine dwellings, population about 680. Has several good buildings, stores, banks, etc., the finest being the Bank of N.Z. R.M. Court sits fortnightly, good schools (High, primary, technical), churches, fire brigade, and public library; has chills for all kinds of the chief sports. Waipawa—-"smoky or steaming water." It is supposed that a long time ago water was hot and threw off steam similar to Hot Springs. Water supply from reservoir on hill on Abbottsford run. Was created a borough in 1908. when Richmond Park, a part of Abbottsford run, was taken in to get the 1000 population.
WAIPAWA ROCKS. Near Ruatangata East.
WAIPIATA, Otairo. Small tannins settlement. 85 miles north­west from Dunedin, on Otago Central railway. Situated on the bank of the Taieri River, and is the central township of the Maniototo Plains. Is a splendid health resort, the air being keen and dry. The stock salfvard;are the largest and most central in Central Otago. Mails arrive daily, and there is a telephone and money order office. Coaches for Patearoa run from here. Duck, swan, pukeko, and hare shooting, and trout and eel fishing. Name mean." '' Clear water," from a stream near the school. Resident doctor.
WAIPIPI, Auckland. In Manukau Harbour, 47 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Pukekohe, thence by mail coach daily to Waiuku (fare 4s single. 6s return), thence 5 m; in Franklin County. A farming settlement; one store, no hotel or boarding house. Creamery. Fishing and shooting. Nearest township with telegraph office is Waiuku, which see. "Waipipi" means "Shell fish water," so called because shell fish were once very abundant here. Frequent steamers from Onehunga, via Awihitu and Pollok. Dr. at Waiuku.
WAIPIPI RIVER. Tributary of Waipoua River.
WAIPIRO BAY, Auckland. Situated on the East Coast. 68 males north-east by steamer or coach from Gisborne, and the county town for the Waiapu County. About 100 Europeans here, the principal residents being Maoris; one medical man, a county engineer, public school teacher, police constable, hotelkeeper, storekeepers, blacksmith, and saddler, with a few sheep owners and station managers, are the European list. Of the native lands in this district a very considerable portion has been leased to Europeans, but there still remains in the hands of the Maoris a valuable estate, comprising both agricultural and pastoral country. This land lies for the most part in the Waiapu County towards the East Cape. Telegraph, post and money order office. Mail service bi-weekly. Name means "Bad water." The bay is known also as Open Bay. Govern­ment accommodation house. Hospital. Resident Dr.
WAIPOAPOA. near Gladstone. Maori pa.
WAIPOPO PA. Maori settlement near Temuka.
WAIPORI, Otago. Situated on Waipori River, 44 miles due west from Dunedin. Rail to Lawrence, thence daily coach 14 miles, 5s; in Tuapeka County. One of the oldest quartz gold mining townships in Otago, which has lately got increased vitality from river dredging and hydraulic elevating; antimony and copper is also found here. There are two hotels, one accommodation house, and three stores in township. Telegraph and money order office. Mail service tri-weekly. Waipori Lake, situated between the townships of Berwick and Henley, is fed by the Waipoti River, and also connected with Lake Waihola. Was proclaimed a game reserve for season 1900. Duck and other game shooting being prohibited to within half a mile of the shores of the lake. Post, tele­phone. Doctor at Lawrence, 14 m. Name means "Dark water."
WAIPORI FALLS. Telephone office. See Waipori and Berwick.
WAIPOUA. Native settlement near Kawerua.
WAIPOUA RIVER. Rises in Tararuas, and empties into Ruamahunga River.
WAIPOUNAMU, Southland. 63 m N.E from Invercargill by rail. Post and telephone office, and flag sation on Riversdale-Switzers line.
WAIPU, Auckland. On Waipu River, two miles from coast and 100 miles N. from Auckland City. Steamer (18s 6d) to Marsdeu Point (12 miles) arrives Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, or by bi-weekly steamer direct, thence coach 12 miles (4s). Farming, gum digging, and bush work. Game plentiful and good sea fishing. Lime caves at Limestone Hills are interesting to visitors. 9 m drive or ride. 7s 6d. Good roads for cycling. Private hoarding 21s per week. Prohibition district; special Novia Scotia settlement. Waipu Gorge six miles. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Waipu means "roaring water," from the noise of the surf on the beach. Resident doctor.
WAIPU CAVES. Limestone caves near Waikiekie.
WAIPUKU, Taranaki. Small dairy-farming district 24 miles south by rail from New Plymouth, half-way between Inglewood and Stratford; in Stratford County. Nearest telegraph station at Turiki. 2 m distant. Mails daily. Dr. at Stratford, 6 m.
WAIPUKURAU, Hawke's Bay. Picturesque county township on the Tuki Tuki River. The centre of a large sheep-raising country; is 44 in south by rail from Napier. Coach leaves here daily at 10.46 a.m.. returning daily at 10 a.m. for Wanstead. Wallingford and Porangahau distance and fare to the latter place—28 miles. 12s 6d and 20s. There is fair duck shooting on river and Hatuma Lake near by. River is well stocked with trout. Good cycle roads and bush scenery. Township well situated and good climate. Branch Bank of New Zealand, hospital, library, one hotel, and good private board; post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and Government offices; bi-weekly newspaper. Waipukurau (or the model village, as it is known) is a picturesque little place, well planted and laid out. The township has gone ahead considerably during the last five years. Mails arrive daily. Population in town area and county area over 2000. Various estates here have been acquired by the Government for closer settlement. The estates acquired were Mt. Vernon. Hutuma and The Brow. These have now been cut up into settlements known iis Linclsay and Argyle. some 50 families occupying portions of the former and about the same number have taken up their abode on the latter. The cutting up of the land has been the means of the district of Waipukurau making rapid strides. See also Lindsay and Argyle.
WAIPUNA. Nelson. See Little Grey Junction.
WAIPUNA, Auckland. See Whangaroa.
WAIPUNA, Wellington. See Mangaituroa.
WAIPUPU MAHANA. Hot spring 13 m from Rotorua.
WAIRAKAIA. See Te Arai Bridge.
WAIRAKAU. Tributary of Haratanga River.
WAIRAKEI, Auckland. On River Waikato, 200 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, thence daily (summer) tri-weekly (winter) coach or motor bus (50 m), or rail to Waiouru. 185 m. then coach to Tokaanu (44 m), steamer across Lake Taupo, then coach or motor bus 6 m. The centre of the hot lake district and of " Wonder­land." The geysers and other natural wonders are, of course, the great attraction, and these are the "Geyser Valley " (in which geysers play regularly every day), the "Aratiatia or Ladder 'Rapids " (showing a great white stream of foam half a mile long). "Hot Lake Valley." "Kerapiti or Devil's Trumpet," "Huka Falls." and others too numerous to mention here but it is as a health resort that Wairakei is so eminently suitable, as it is 1.350ft above sea level, sheltered from cold winds, with a naturally dry climate and pure and invigorating air. The bath at Wairakei is about lOOdeg Fahr. in temperature, contain­ing alum in solution in combination with silica, and is recommended by Dr Alien, of Napier, for skin, rheumatic, and gout complaints; he also recommends the comfort of the Geyser House Hotel, where terms are moderate. Good shooting—pheasant, duck, pigeon, turkey, etc.; and good boat fishing in river. Good cycling roads. Post and telephone office. Taupo County. There is also a bi-weekly steamer from Wanganui to Pipiriki, then coach to Tokaanu, and steamer across Lake Taupo.
WAIRAKI. See Otautau.
WAIRAMARAMA, Auckland. Situated near month of the Waikato River inland, but in sight of the ocean, of which magnificent views can be obtained; 55 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Tuakau, coach to Onewhero (2s), thence 12 miles; in Raglan County. A small farming settlement, mostly Government leaseholders ; the land is wonderfully good, although broken. No fishing, but good shooting— pigeons, pigs, kakas, and pheasants. There are large limestone caves in the neighbourhood, wliich are as yet quite unexplored. Private telephone to Onewhero, 12 m ; coach (in summer) to Tuakau, Mon., Wed., and Frid. (2s). Wai means "Water," and Rama Rama is the name of a tree. Doctor at Pukekohe. 26 m.
WAIRANGI. A railway station 54 miles from Auckland, on the Main Trunk line. Nearest post office Te Kanwhata. See also Te Kauwhata and Waerenga.
WAIRANGI, Nelson. 30 miles north-east by steamer weekly from Nelson ; in Sounds County. Post and telephone office. Wairangi is in a large sound situated between Nelson and the Freneh Pass. Good anchorage for vessels. Sea fishing, deer stalking, and pigeon shooting. Excellent for camping parties. Name means "peaceful. ' Doctor at Nelson.
WAIRAPU. See Te Araroa.
WAIRARAPA CREEK. Tributary of River Avon, Christchurch.
WAIRARAPA LAKE. Lower end of Wairarapa Valley.
WAIRARAPA VALLEY. Between East Coast of Wellington and Tararua Range.
WAIRATA. Near Raglan.
WAIRAU BAR. Mouth of Wairau and Opawa Rivers and Vernon lagoons.
WAIRAU FALLS. Near Poroti (which see), anl 24 miles from Whangarei. Are said to be the Niagara of New Zealand. Wairau should be spelt Wairua, which means "two waters."
WAIRAU FORD, Marlborongh. Ford on Wairau River. Tele­phone office.
WAIRAU PA. On north bank of Wairau river, 8 m from month.
WAIRAU RIVER. And parish near Mararetu, Auckland.
WAIRAU RIVER. Falling into Cook's Strait at Cloudy. Bay.
WAIRAU VALLEY, Marlborough. Small farming and flaxmilling township on Wairau River; 23 miles N.W. from Blenheim by coach bi-weekly (7s 6d) ; in Marlborough County. Post and telephone office. Accommodation house. Good fishing in river, 1 m. and red deer plenti­ful. Doctor at Blenheim.
The account of the Wairau massacre, which took place here, and its cause is still interesting. An early writer says the occasion of the dispute was owing to the surveyors of the New Zealand Government persisting in surveying land respecting which the Government Commissioner (.Mr Spain) had not yet given his decision, hut which they alleged had been fairly purchased. The chief, Rauparaha, forbade them proceeding, and burnt the surveyors' huts, but safely removing the European property, untouched, to the seaside. Mr Thomson, the police magistrate of Nelson, inadvisedly issued a warrant on the charge of arson, and went himself with an armed force of about 50 to execute it. On the evening of Thursday, June 15, 1845, the party landed and went, up the river. On Saturday, the 17th, they found Rangihaeata and his Natives encamped on the right bank of the Tua Marina.-Stream, which flows into the Wairau River, and is here about 30ft wide. The magistrate requested the two chiefs to go on board the Government tug. The chief naturally refused to, and requested that the matter he decided on the spot, and said he would make compensation if so decided upon; that he did not want to fight, but if the white people fought he would too. The magistrate, pointing to the armed men replied by threatening to fire upon the Natives. Sixteen of the Natives then sprang to their feet, defied the magistrate, exclaiming that " they did not go to England to interfere with the white people, and asked why they came to interfere with them." The magistrate then called out to his men to advance. The conference lasted about half an hour then a shot was fired, said to be by one of the Natives, killing a white man. The firing of the Europeans then commenced, and the Natives, having the best position among the bushes, and other men having been also killed, the men began to retreat, which the Natives seeing became more excited, and raised their war cry. A white handkerchief was then held out to the Natives as peace, calling Kati (peace). The Maoris then came up, and the white men delivered up their firearms to the Natives, who shook hands with them, but afterwards brandished their tomahawks over the heads of the now defenceless men, though gold was offered as a ransom. Immediately afterwards, two of the white men, hiding themselves, heard guns fired and sounds of heavy heating amid much shouting of the Natives, which, as it afterwards turned out, was the braining of all the white party, the bodies of 17 being afterwards discovered. The white men were undoubtedly wrong in erecting buildings before theim claim was established, and also wrong in endeavouring to arrest the chief, whose wife had been shot whilst at the fire, which almost justified him in his action—the actions of savage revenge according to his savage ideas. It all seems to have-occurred through the stupid blundering of the white people.
WAIREKA HILL. Near New Plymouth. An engagement during Maori rebellion took place here on March 28. 1860. the militia and voluntwrs being under command of the late Sir Harry Atkinson. Was the first action fought by colonial troops, many of whom were under 20 years of age.
WAIREKA RIVER. Tributary of Selwyn River.
WAIREKE FALLS. 9 m north of Hikurangi.
WAIREKIKI. See Mimihau.
WAIREPO. 73 miles east from Wanganui. Rail from Wanganni to Mangaonoho, then coach 15 miles, 5s return. Name means "Swampy water." Farming district. Pigeon and pig shooting. Nearest telegraph office Mataroa. 12 miles.
WAIRERE. Waterfall, Whangaroa.
WAIRERE, Auckland. 97 miles north-west from Auckland. Rail Te Hana, coach to Maungaturoto (6s), thence 6 miles. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Maungaturoto.
WAIRERE, Wellington. 96 miles from Wellington. Situated on the Mungarai Stream. Rail to Mauriceville, thence 17 males; in Wairarapa, North County. Sheep station. The nearest telegraph and post office at Ihuraua, 4 ¾ m distant. Wairere means "waterfall," the e being two or three waterfalls in the district. Dr at Eketahuna, 16 m,
WAIREWA. A County in Canterbury, of which Little River is the county town. See also Lake Forsyth.
WAIRIO, Southland. 23 miles north-west by rail from Invereargill and two miles from Nightcaps; in Wallace County. Post telegraph; and money order office. Mixed farming carried on in this neighbour­hood, which is closely settled. One store and hotel in township. Mails daily. Dr. at Otautau, 13 m.
WAIRIRI. Coal mine in Malvern Hills.
WAIRIRI FALLS. On Coromandel Range.
WAIROA, Auckland. Site of the old small Maori village destroyed bj the eruption of Tarawera in June, 1886, buried remains of which can still be seen; is 10 miles from Tarawera, which is nearest poet office, and 10 miles from Rotorua by coach (4s). From Wairoa a voyage by launch (7s 6d) 10 miles, across Lake Tarawera, lands the tourist at the foot of Mount Tarawera. The ascent will occupy an hour and a-half, and arriving at the summit the traveller will feel well rewarded for the toil. No description can possibly convey an adequate idea of the scene of devastation and desolation which this view reveals.
WAIROA. A geyser at Whakarewarewa, Rotorua district, which only plays when fed with bars of soap.
WAIROA (Clyde), Hawke's Bay. Town district and the county town of Wairoa County; population about 2161; is 40 miles north from Napier, one mile from the coast. Tri-weekly newspaper, post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and public offices. Surrounding country is a portion of the best sheep land in the colony. From Napier to Wairoa one must either go by small steamer (a journey of four and a-half hours) or by coach bi-wkly (Tues & Fril. From there to Wairoa the road is good for driving purposes. The township of Wairou is situated close to the Clyde River, possesses three Ejood hotels, good livery stables, and shops of all descriptions, three churches, and school. There are some pleasant drives and rides round about, and a visit to the Morere Hot Springs is worth undertaking. Tourists can hire for themselves. The journey is rather a dusty one in hot weather, part of the road being over the sandhills, but one forgets all discomforts when the spot is reached. There is an accommodation house, which is fairly com­fortable without being luxurious. The springs lie about three-quarters of a mile off the main road, and are situated in the heart of truly beautiful bush, in which abounds Nikau palms, rata trees, and many lovely shrubs and ferns. The baths are enclosed, and are of three degrees of heat; while higher up one can tumble into a boiling one if so disposed. These springs are most beneficial, and the charges being very moderate, one. can enjoy them many times in the day. Mails arrive on Tuesday and Thureday. Recently one dairy factory, flaxmill, and fish-curing establish­ment have been opened here. "Wairoa" means "Treacherous water.'' Hospital, 2 banks, post amd tele, exchange. Resident doctors. Wairoa
WAIROA GORGE. See Brightwater.
WAIROA HEADS. Eastern Extremity, Maraetai.
WAIROA RIVER. Flows into Waimea River, Nelson District.
WAIROA RIVER.Is one of the largest in N.Z. and is navigatable for 90 miles from Kaipara Heads, with beautiful mountain scenery. It is the great seat of the timber industry in the north. Name means “Long Water” It flows into Kaipara Harbour, through Auckland peninsula.
WAIROA STREAM. Tributary of Makuri River.
WAIRONGOA, Otago. Is near Mosgiel, 13 miles from Dunedin; by rail to North Taieri. Here are mineral springs which are leased to a private firm, and the water is bottled and sold locally. A popular picnic resort during summer months. “Wairongoa" means "Medicine water." Waitongoa is now a household word iit the Dominion, for here and situated the natural springs from which the famous " Wairongoa Mineral Waters" are bottled by THOMSON AND CO., of Dunedin.
The natural gas is collected and utilised for the purpose, all the work being carried out on the spot. The water is of great medicinal valueand has an enviable reputation throughout Australasia as a safe and reliable mineral water.
WAIROTO. in Wallace County, Southland. Is a small settlanwnt situated 14 miles from Clifden and some 30 miles nest of Otautau.
WAIRUA. See Wairau.
WAIRUNA. A railway siding 4 m from Clinton.
WAITAHA FERRY. See Pukekura,
WAITAHANUI, Auckland. 235 m .8.E. from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, thence coach (bi-weekly) 64 m (via Taupo). Post and telegraph office. Maori settlement on river of same name.
WAITAHANUI RIVER. Flows into Lake Taupe.
WAITAHORA, Hawke's Bay; in Waipawa County, on Mangatoro River. Coach bi-weekly (Monday and Friday) from Dannevirke. Good trout fishing. Post and telephone. Dr. at Dannevirke. 13 m. Name means "Crooked water or stream."
WAITAHUNA, Otago. On Milton-Lawrence railway line, 55 miles south-west from Dunedin and seven miles from Lawrence; in Tuapeka County. One of the early gold mining townships of Otago. Quartz mining is still carried on, while there are four or five sluicing claims working the flats. Two hotels and private boarding house. Branch bank N.Z.: post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank offices. Name means, "Valley of water." Nearest doctor at Lawrence. A Government plantation for raising trees is here.
WAITAHUNA GULLY, Otago. Gold mining and farming settlement ; 55 miles south-west from Dunedin. Rail to Waitahuna, thence three miles ; in Bruce County. Nearest telegraph station and town­ship being at Waitamina, 3 m away. Good trout-fishing.
WAITAHUNA WEST, Otago. 63 miles south-west from Dunedin. Rail to Waitahuna, thence nine miles hire; in Tuapeka and Bruoc counties. A small farming; and postal settlement; nearest telegraph station is at Tuapeka Mouth. 6 m distant. Doctor at Lawrence. 8 m.
WAITAIA BAY. On north side of Mercury Bay.
WAITAKARO, Auckland. 81 miles north from Gisborne by fortnightly steamer to Waipiro Bay or Tuparoa (27s 6d), thence by horse or buggy, 10 m. Is named after the creek which flows through the settlement. The old name of this place was Hiruharama. In Waiapu County. Post office. Nearest telegraph office is at Tuparoa, 10 miles. Maori settlement with Native teacher, but Europeans are at surrounding stations. The existence of petroleum is evident all round. Te Ahioteatua (fire of the gods), a hill near by is the site of a constantly burning gas escape. Dr at Waipiro Bay, 12 m. Waitakaro lies midway on the Main road between Waipiro and Taparoa, and is the centre of a fertile and picturesque district. Name means "Playful water."
WAITAKARURU, Auckland. A Maori and farming settlement, with post office, 20 m west from Thames by eteamer. Nearest telegraph office ie Miranda., 7 m.
WAITAKEREI. Auckland. Small timber settlement, 20 miles north-west by rail from Auckland, on the Auckland-Kaipara Flats line. The scenery here is very fine, with virgin bush, tree ferns 100ft high, and the magnificent falls and cascades (350ft high, in vicinity). There is no accommodation here, but tourists can leave Auckland in the morning, see the falls, and return same day. Flax-milling and fruit growing. On the beach here was found the body of Commodore Burnett, of H.M.S. Orpheus, wrecked at Manukau Heads on February 8, 1853. Nearest telegraph office Henderson, 8 m. Name means "Plenty wood and water." Dr. at Avondale. 14 m.
WAITAKI. A railway station on the Waitaki River 13 miles north-east from Oamaru. Dnck and hare shooting and trout fishing. Name means " Eunning water." Post office. Nearest telegraph office is Glenavy, 1 ½ m distant. One hotel. Dr. at Oamaru.
WAITAKOTORUA STREAM. Tributary of Tiraumea River.
WAITAKURI STREAM, near Whangapoua.
WAITANGATA. Tributary of Ohura River.
WAITANGI. Bay in Lake Tarawera; also a waterfall.
WAITANGI, Auckland. The spot where Governor Hobson con­cluded the celebrated treaty with the Maoris (refer also to Russell). Is on the shores of the Bay of Islands. "Waitangi" means "Weeping water." Steamer to Russell, 147 m, then steam launch, 6 m. Nearest post and telegraph office at Russell. Dr. at Ohaeawai, 14 m.
WAITANGI. Westland. See Wataroa..
WAITANGI. River in Kiripaka district.
WAITANGI, Canterbury. See Waimate.
WAITANGI FALLS, near Kaukapakapa.
WAITAPEKA. See Waitepeka.
WAITAPU. The seaport for Takaka, Motupipi, and other settlement's in Tasman Bay; north-east of Nelson province. See Takaka Is 47 m north by steamer from Nelson, or coach weekly from Motueka. Post and telephone, one hotel, and resident Dr.
WAITAPU, Auckland. See Mitimiti.
WAITAPU. Survey district near Waituna West.
WAITAPU RIVER Tributary of Ruamahunga River.
WAITARA, Taranaki. Was at one time known as Raleigh. Rising seaport town of about 1200 population situated on river of same name, and one mile from mouth; 11 miles east by rail from New Plymouth. Here in 1839 the New Plymouth Co. established a colony, purchasing 5000 acres from the Maoris and bringing out British immi­grants to settle on the land. S.s. Manukau and Tainui run alternately to Mokau and Wellington. .Steam launch runs regularly to Marokopa and Tongaporutu, and weekly boats to Kawhia, Raglan, and Onehunga Home boats load here fortnightly and often during the wool and freezing season. Royal mail coach runs to Urenui daily (fare 2s, and 3s return). Post, money order, and telegraph office, freezing works, shipping, farming, creamery, lime-burning, etc. Two banks, newspaper (Evening Mail), Chamber of Commerce, and Government offices. Good pheasant, pigeon, quail, and hare shooting, and excellent sea fishing. Several good hotels, and boarding 20 s per week. The scenery in thisneigh­bourhood is most interesting and beautiful—native bush, valleys, caves, rivers, etc.—an artist's paradise. Waitara is increasing rapidly through the country to the north being opened up. Very large areas of land (sheep country) between here and Te Kuiti have recently been taken up, and in a few years most of the land referred to will be settled on. Sea fishing consists of hapuka, kawhia. blue cod, flounder, and herrings, which are caught in the river or a mile out at sea. There are several interesting trips that may be made from Waitara. One is by steamer to the Mokau mines, the scenery up the Mokau River being a fair rival to that of Wanganui. The trip takes four hours by the steamer Manukau, the fare being 10s. Another trip is from Waitara to Awakino by road. The trip, which takes two days, is done on horse back. At Urenui (some 10 miles out) the scenery is pretty for many miles. After passing Pukearuhe visitors pass along the famous Whitecliffs and through the Paraninihi tunnel. Here again the scenery is beautiful. Some eight miles further on the Tongaporutu River is reached, and once across that you are in an artist's paradise. The scenery (Native bush) is almost indescribable. Punga Hill and Punga Valley once seen will never be forgotten. After traversing the bush and track for a couple of miles you are compelled to take the beach for the rest of the trip as far as Mokau. Along this stretch of beach are a number of fantastically shaped rocks, one set being very fine, giving an onlooker the idea of a Roman arena as depicted in school books. There are also huge pillars, tombstones, etc., all fashioned by Nature, well worth a tourist's trouble to see. Passing on Mokau is reached, where a stop is made for the night at one of the two boarding houses. The fare is plain, but cheap, Is being charged for meals and beds. A couple of hours' ride in the morning through some very pretty scenery brings the traveller to Awakino. Here are to be found a few caves. The stalagmites and stalactites in one are said to be quite equal to those of the famous Waitomo Caves near Kawhia. The roads are very good for cycling, there being very few dangerous parts.
The trip to Awakino, as far as Tongaporutu can be made by the inland road through Urnti, some beautiful scenery being met with, while the sight from Mt. Messenger is superb. Beyond Awakino throngh Mahoenui and over the Mangaotaki River the scenery is also magni­ficent, the high limestone bluffs, towering bush and the peculiarities of the stream running in several directions over limestone tables all being a source of much interest. When nearing Paemako manuka and scrub are met with and continue until nearing Te Kuiti, when the bush scenery again comes into view. The ride, or drive, through these places can be made in easy stages, as follows:—From Waitara to Tongaporutu, one day; from here to Mahoenui, one day; then on to Te Kuiti, another day; and from there by train to Auckland, or to Taumarunui, then to Wanganui. Resident Dr. A battle took place here on March 6, 1860, and the pa taken on March 18, 1860. Another fight took place on June 27. 1860.
WAITARA ROAD. A railway siding 10 miles from New Ply­mouth, on the Waitara branch line. Nearest post office is Brixton.
WAITARAKAO. Lagoon near Washdyke.
WAITARIA. See Gisborne.
WAITATA. See Little Port Cooper.
WAITATA BAY. Pelorus Sound.
WAITATI, Otago. Formerly known as Blueskin. Is situated on the shores of Blueskin Bay, 17 miles north from Dunedin on main line of railway. The drive to Waitati from Dunedin along the lower road via Port Ghalmers, and back by the upper road through the North-East Valley, or vice versa, is a favourite one for Dunedinites and visitors ; it is also a pleasant cycle run, but hilly. Plenty of rabbits evervwherp about, and although thinned out considerably, they still afford a good day's shooting; a good dog, however, is necessary. There are also snipe and occasionally duck on the lagoon and on the sand flats, but they are difficult to get at owing to lack of cover. Flounder-spearing on the banks is also excellent sport, while the fishermen are always glad to earn a few shillings by taking visitors outside tor sea fishing. The Waitati stream is one of the best fished trout streams near Dunedin, and is generally to be relied upon for, at all events, a "decent take." Most of the settlers around are engaged in dairyfarming, there being a dairy factory in township, Dunedin offering a ready market for all the dairy produce. There are many pleasant walks about this neigh­bourhood. Post, telegraph, telephone, and money order office. Boarding privately might be arranged for, and there is a hotel. Mental hospital here with resident doctor (a branch of the Seacliff Mental Hospital). Name means " running water."
WAITAWA. Spring 1 m from Kamo.
WAITAWA. Railway siding 10 m from Timaru, on the Timaru-Fairlie line. The township here is really Kerrytown, which has a post office. Pleasant Point, 2 m, being nearest telegraph
WAITEKAURI, Auckland. Gold mining township, dependent for its future on the result of developing works at present being carried on by several English syndicates. Is 37 miles from Thames. Rail to Wakino, thence by coach daily (fare: 2s 6d single, 4s return). Name means "water of kauri," from kauri timber here. Post, telephone, and money order office. Doctor at Waihi, 5 m.
WAITEMATA HARBOUR, on which the City of Auckland stands, is an inlet of the Hauraki Gulf. The suburbs of Auckland extend along the ehores of the harbour. See also Manukau. The first settler here was a Scotchman, Dr. (now Sir) J. Logan Campbell, of Auckland.
WAITEMO. See Otorohanga.
WAITEPEKA, or WAITAPEKA, Otago. 52 miles south by rail to Kakapuaka station from Dunedin; in Clutha County, 4 m from the railway station by a good road for cycling. There is no conveyance to and from the settlement, but a trap meets the train for mails. The land is very fair for agriculture or pasture. Good trcmt fishing is to be had in the Puerua River, which is only a short distance away: while out on the hills there is good rabbit shooting,- and there is also good duck shooting in'season. Boarding accommodation can be obtained if desired, hut no hotels. Post and telephone. Doctor at Balclutha, 6 m.
WAITERIMU, Auckland. 67 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Ohinewai, then mail-cart 7 m. Small farming settlement with post office. Nearest telegraph office Ohinewai, and nearest doctor at Huntly, 12 m.
WAITES PAKIHIS. Plain between Westport and Addisons.
WAITETI STREAM. Flowing into Lake Rotorua. Also Native settlement 5 m from Rotorua.
WAITETUNA, Auckland. Farming settlement, in the Waikato district; 102 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Hamilton, thence coach tri-weekly (10s) 22 m; in Raglan County. Post, and telephone office. Name "Waitetmia " signifies "Water of eels." Dr. at Raglan, 12 m.
WAITETUNA HEADS. In Raglan Harbour.
WAITEWHENA. Sub-tributary of Ohura River.
WAITEWHENA, Auckland. 126 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti, coach to Aria 24 m (17s 6d ret), then horse 16 m. Port office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor Mangaroa, 10 m
WAITIRI, Otago. 155 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Chatto Creek, thence daily coach 20 m; in Lake County. Telephone bureau. Situated on banks of Kawarau River, about three miles from the natural bridge, which at low river can be crossed on foot. The water runs under the stones and leaves a bridge quite safe for people to cross over; also a stalactite cave. Originally called "Gentle Annie " after the first white woman who lived here. When a post office was established it took the name of Victoria Bridge, but confusion with Kawarua Bridge necessitated another name being adopted, and sub­sequently Waitiri was chosen which means "Quick water." Dr. at Cromwell, 13 m.
WAITOA, Auckland. A railway siding 109 miles south from Auckland, on the Frankton Junction-Thames line. Flazmilling and dairying. Good hare shooting. Post and telephone office, with mails daily. Name means "Strong water."Dr. at Te Aroha, 8 m.
WAITOA CREEK. In Waihou district.
WAITOHI FLAT, Canterbury. Well-settled farming district, 18 miles north from Timarn. Rail to Temuka, thence eight miles by mail conveyance, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday; in Geraldine County. Most convenient telegraph station is at Temuka, but nearest is Pleasant Point, four miles distant. No hotel or boarding house here. Post office. Dr. at Pleasant Point.
WAITOHI FLAT (UPPER), Canterbury. 17 m N. from Timaru. Rail to Pleasant Point, then 4 m. On banks of Opihi River. Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor Pleasant Point, 4 m.
WAITOHI ROAD.—See Waitawa.
WAITOHU. See Parkhurst.
WAITOHU STREAM. Flows into Otaki River.
WAITOMO. 125 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Hangatiki, thence five miles. During the summer months a conveyance runs daily from Hangatiki to the caves, returning next morning (2s 6d single). Sheep-farming district. Nearest telegraph office Otorohanga, 10 miles.
WAITOMO CAVES. These splendid limestone caves must be included in any list of New Zealand marvels. Situated near Hanga­tiki, 125 m from Auckland, they are easily reached by taking train to Hankatiki, then coach 5 m. The trip can be combined with that to the hot lakes by returning by rail as far as Frankton Junction, and there catching the up train for Okoroire or RiOtonm. Government boarding-house.
The entrance to the caves has been known for many years by the Maoris, but were not explored until 20 years ago owing to the Maoris' superstitious dread of the " taniwhas " which were supposed to haunt the entrance. Originally the caves were entered in a canoe by the river flowing through these caverns, but a new entrance was discovered -which does away with this inconvenience. The interior is beautiful beyond description, the various chambers ranging from cathedral-like caves of immense propor­tions down to miniature grottoes, each one abounding with a variety of stalactite and stalagmite formations, some massive, others fantastic, and many delicate in the extreme, scarcely two formations being alike. Close by are the newly discovered Ruakuri caves quite as beautiful and under Government care. Post and telegraph office.
WAITOTARA, Wellington. 25 miles north-west by rail from Wanganui, on the New Plymouth -Wellington line; "in Patea County. Post, telephone, money order, and savings bank offices. An agricultural and pastoral centre, with several hotels, stores, etc. No private board accommodation. Is on the Waitotara River, in which is good fishing. Place, named by Natives on finding spring in the forest at the source of the river, from "Wai" "Water," and " Totara " "Tree of the forest." The town is situated about 1 ½ m from railway station. Doctor at Waverley. 7 m.
WAITOTO RIVER, Westland. At mouth of Waitoto River, on coast; 110 miles south-west from Hokitika by steamer. Grazing district. Good shooting and fishing here. Duck, pigeon, swan, and other wild game: river and sea fishing. Private board 4s per day. Nearest post and telegraph office is Okura.
WAITUA BAY. Entrance to Pelorus Sound.
WAITUI, Taranaki. 27 m S. from New Plymouth. Rail to Inglewood, then mail cart 10 in. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Kaimata, 4 m. Sheep and dairy farming.
WAITUNA, Southland. 19 miles east from Invercargill. Rail to Kapuka, which is nearest telegraph office, thence three miles. Nume means "Eel water."
WAITUNA CREEK. Runs into Waituna Lagoon.
WAITUNA LAGOON. 7 m from Fortrose.
WAITUNA STREAM. Feilding district.
WAITUNA WEST, Wellington. On Waituna Stream, 115 miles from Wellington. Rail to Feilding, thence by coach daily 16 miles should be Waiwhiro meaning "Red water." Stores, post and telephone office at railway station. Nearest doctor at Clinton, 7 m. (5s) six miles from Rewa. Chiefly grazing farms. Dairy factory. Native and imported game shooting; trout fishing in Kiwitea, four miles. Private board 18s per week. Post, telephone, money order office. Waituna means “Eel water” in Maori. Dr. At feilding, 16 m.
WAIUKU. Auckland. On south arm of Manukau Estuary; 44 miles south eastward from Auckland. Rail to Pukekoe, then coach (via Mauku) 13 m (3s), leaving here at 10.30 a.m. daily returning daily 7.30 a.m. dairying, kauri gum, sheep and farming, creamery, flax puriri sleepers. Duck shooting on Waikato River, five miles walk. Ironsand head coast, five miles. Good roads. Private boarding at 25s per week. Once a very busy place before Maori war, where natives sold their produce grown in Waikato country. Some settlers here since 1854. S.s.Weka plys to Onehunga four or five times a week. Post, telephone and money order office. Has important cattlesales fortnightly. Name means “grey or dirty water.” Resident Dr.
WAIWERA UPPER, Auckland. 26 m north, via Wad<> by road from Devonport and 36 m from Auckland, 4 m from Waiwera N, which see for particulars of district. In Waitemata County. Hot springs in settlement. Coach from Devonport, Friday ; fare, 10s return, 6s single. Fruit growing district. Public library, telephone. Good pheasant shooting. .River Waiwera runs from here into Hauraki Gulf. Usual route by steamer from Auckland, via Waiwera. Is 12 m off Kaukapakapa railway station. Dr. at Warkworth, 18 m. Name means " Hot water," from the hot springe in Waiwera district. See also Waiwera.
WAIWETU. Farming district 9 m from Wellington.
WAIWETU RIVER. Tributary of Hutt River.
WAIWHAKAATA. Blue pool hot water at Orakeikoraco. on Waikato River.
WAIWHATA. Creek near Pukepoto.
WAKAHARIE (8500ft). Highest peak on Kaikoura Mts.
WAKAIPA, Canterbury. 21 m south from Christchurch. Rail to Springston, then hire, 4 m; Selwyn County. Post and telephone. Roads good for cycling. Good fishing and shooting. Selwyn River 2 m. Wild ducks, swans, and pnkaki. Dr. at Lincoln. 4m. A farming district, the name meaning "A canoe aground."
WAKAMARINA GORGE. 5 m from Picton.
WAKAMARINA RIVER. Joins Pelorus River near Canvastown.
WAKAMOEKAU. Stream which flows into Waipoua River. ,
WAKANAE. Three miles from Cabbage Bay. Gum. See Cabbage Bay.
WAKANUI, Canterbury. Small fanning district, near mouth of Ashburton River, three miles from sea coast and six miles from Ashburton ; in Ashburton County. Dr. at Ashburton. Good fishing at the month of the river, also hare shooting. Poet and telephone.
WAKANUI. East of Te Avaite. Leading lighte for steamers entering Tory Channel are situated in the bay.
WAKANUI CREEK. Outflow from AshWton River.
WAKAPATU, Southland. Railway siding 36 miles from Invercargill, on the Invercargill-Orepuki line. Colac Bay, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
WAKAPOONI. near Martinborough.
WAKAPUAKA, Nelson. Dairying and sheep-farming settlement, on Tasman Bay ; eight miles north-east by tri-weekly coach from Nelson ; in Waimea County. Telegraph office. One hotel. No private boarding house. Deer stalking and trout fishing. Coach leaves Nelson daily. The New Zealand cable station of the Eastern Telegraph Cable Company is about 8 m from here. Australian submarine cable was brouaht ashore from the screw steamer Edinburgh on February 18. 1876. Through communication with Great Britain, via Sydney, was first opened on February 23, 1876. The river Whakapuaka runs into Cable Bay opposite Pepin Island. Good road, for motoring or cycling. The cable was opened in 1876.
WAKARARA, Hawke's Bay. 67 miles south-west from Napier. Rail to Waipawa. thence coach dailv to Onga Onjra. thence by coach 15 miles bi-wkly; in Waipawa County. A small sheep-farming settlement; post and telephone office. Named from, range of mountains, the word meaning "Rough country." Saw mill. Dr at Waipawa, 26 m.
WAKARI. An outlying suburban district near Dunedin, from Main road, Halfway Bush, and range of hills of which Flagstaff is the highest peak. Halfway Bush is nearest post and telephone office.
WAKATAHURI, Maryborough. 60 m north-east from Blenheim, in Forsyth Bay. Rail to Picton, thence steamer (10s), 42 m, weekly. Deep sea fishing, and shooting—quail, pigs, etc. Motor launches avail­able. Roade bad for cycling. Freezing works. Name means "Over­turned canoe." Post and telephone.
WAKATIPU LAKE. See under Queenstown.
WAKATU, Nelson. 3 ½ m south-west by coach from Nelson (1s). Mails daily. Nearest telegraph Stoke, 1 ½ m. 1 m. from Bishopdale station. Roads good for cycling; good shooting—hares, rabbits, and deer. Fruit-growing and poultry farming. No hotel. Dr. at Nelson. Name means "A boat harbour." The Maoris gave the name to Nelson haven. but given to this place by Postal Dept. D'Urville .found Maoris living at Wakatu in 1824; there were none residing there when the first immigrants arrived, in consequence of some super­stition regarding it. A Maori chief from Motuweka who visited the ships told Captain Wakefield of Wakatu harbour, and recommended ham to go there.
WAKAU. See Kihikihi.
WAKEFIELD, Nelson. Farming village, 17 miles south by rail from Nelson ; in Waimea County. Situated on Wai-iti River. Post, tele­graph, and money order office. Hopgrowing, sawmilling, and general farming chief support of township. Several stores. One hotel and private boarding houses. Named after Colonel Wakefiold, of Maori war fame. Hares and rabbits plentiful; also quail and deer. Dr. here. Half holiday Wednesday.
WALLACETOWN, Southland. 5 m by rail or 'bus twice daily from Invercargill, on the Kingston line; in Awarua County. Has a post and telephone office; with large slaughtering works, anJ also a pottery, two hotels, and store. No private boarding house. The roads are good in the season for cycling. Trout fishing in Makarewa and Oreti Rivers. Named after town in Ayrshire, Scotland, by an early settler, the streets being named after Ayrshire towns.
WALLACEVILLE, Wellington. 23 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Wallaceville, thence three miles to post office. Is situated on the bank of the Mangaroa Stream. Shooting and fishing plentiful. Telegraph office at Upper Hutt, four miles distant; in Hutt County. Wallaceville is the railway siding for Trentham. Wallaceville called after an early settler.
WALLINGFORD, Hawke's Bay. Near the coast; 65 miles south­east by rail and coach (18 miles) tri-weekly via Waipukurau from Napier; in Patangata County. Post and telegraph office. A sheep-farming settlement. Named after the birthplace (in Surrey, England) of largest landholder here. Dr. at Waipukurau, 18 m.
WALLSEND, Westland. Railway siding seven miles from Greymonth, on the Greymouth Reefton line. Railway runs over large suspension bridge just before reaching here, connecting Wallsend with Taylorville. See Greymouth.
WALLSEND. See Wanganui.
WALTER PEAK MT. (5956ft). West side Lake Wakatipu.
WALTHAM. Suburb of Christchurch. Part of Sydenham Borough.
WALTON, Auckland. Small farming settlement, post and tele­phone office, and railway siding on Frankton-Rotorua railawy; 114 miles south from Auckland. Good deer shooting and small game. Named after F. Walton Burnett, a property owner here. Doctor at Morrinsville, 12 m.
WALTON PARK. See Fairfield.
WANAKA ROAD. See Queensbury.
WANBROW CAPE. Promontory south of Oamaru.
WANDLE BUSH. Near Waiau, Canterbury.
WANDLE RIVER, near Waiau.
WANGAEHU, Wellington. Railway siding 18 miles south-east from Wanganui; in Wanganui County. A hotel here. Good dairying district, also good vegetable growing. Fishing plentiful. Tel. and poet office. On river of same name which flows into Ruamahunga River. Nearest doctor Wanganui.
WANGALOA, Otago. Small farm settlement, 60 miles south-west from Dunedin to Kaitangata, thence 5 m road, on the sea coast. No regular conveyance; in Bruce County. Post office, nearest telegraph and doctor at Kaitangata.
WANGANUI, Wellington. Borough town on the river Wanganui, nine miles from its mouth ; 151 miles north-west by rail from Wellington, but only 120 miles by sea. Is the depot and port for a large extent of pastoral and agricultural country, oats and wheat being the chief grain grown; the percentage of lambing is very high, from 70 to 110 per cent, for the district. The River Wanganui is one of the chief rivers in the North Island, having its source from near Lake Taupo, discharging into the South Taranaki Bight, and is navigable for steamers of light draught to as far as Taumarunui, 140 miles up. The scenery up the jiver, which is known as "The Rhine of New Zealand," is very beautiful, many artists having depicted its features, and every year the localities on the river are visited by an increasing number of strangers from other parts of N.Z. and tourists from Australia, America, and Britain. There is good shooting of both native, imported, or acclima­tised game (pheasant and duck) up the river at no great distance, and there is good sea and river fishing. Population, with suburbs (1911), 15,000. Principal suburbs are borough of Wanganui East and town district of Gonville. Excellent electric trams in borough, and being extended to the sea beach at Castlecliff and to Wanganui East. Apart from sea and river bathing, Wanganui possesses seven swimming baths (more than any other town or city in New Zealand), and has a municipal Opera House. The corporation also owns gasworks, which return a net profit of £3000 annually, which goes to relieve the rates. It has a splendid water supply and large reserves, the rents from which latter total £2000 annually. Wanganui has also the finest zoo in N.Z., a good museum, hospital, private clubs, five branch banks, two daily and one weekly newspapers, library, endowed collegiate boys' school, (cost over £35,000), endowed girls' high school, endowed technical school, State schools, and convent, acclimatisation society, horticul­tural, poultry, cage bird, and dog associations, and an agricultural and
pastoral society, the show of which is held annually in November here. The chief industries of the town are soap works, foundry, pumice for insulation works, freezing works at Heads (four miles by rail), sash and door factories, gasworks, sawmills, steel pipe works, biscuit and confectionery works, flour mills, furniture factories, and breweries. The port is under the management of a harbour board, the annual revenue of which is (1911) £13,500; the depth of water is 16ft 6in spring tide and 12ft 6in neap, with a rise and fall of 8ft, and it is a bar harbour, now being rapidly improved, with the probability of 20ft within two years. Ocean steamers lie outside, the exports of frozen meat and produce being conveyed by lighters out to them. Daily steamer service up river to Taumarunui, and coaches run to out side places. The roads are fairly good for cycling. Excursion steamers run frequently to the beauty spots up river, including " Hipango Park," a dek'ghtful picnicking ground presented to the city by a Native. Licensed hotel accommodation is good, ample choice; also temperance hotels; and there are several boarding houses, whose rates are reason able. The Presbyterians (who have a Wanganui Presbytery), Angli­can, Wesleyans, Baptists, Primitive Methodists, and Roman Catholics are all represented here, and have good churches; while the Salvation Army make this one of their centres. Features in the surround­ings of Wanganui are the Maori pas, which are on the opposite side of the river from the town and railway station; the fronts of then pas are carved in Maori figures by the Natives, and are interesting to strangers. The secondary educational advantages are the Boys' and Girls Colleges and Technical College, which are equal to those in any part of New Zealand. New buildings for the Boys' and Girls' College were opened by his Excellency the Governor in 1911. Public gardens, sports grounds, cricket and football reserves, tennis and croquet lawns, bowling greens, and racecourse are all in the centre of the town, while there are three rowing clubs, with a membership of many hundreds, with their sheds built on the river bank. There are many steam launches plying for hire and others privately owned, and yachts are numerous. The leading thoroughfare is Victoria avenue, a wide and well-built street—as the town is generally. Half holiday is held on Thursday ; and the population of town and suburbs is 14.852 at last census.
In 1840 many Wellington settlers migrated here and founded a settlement called Petre. The Maori war troubled this locality from 1846 tn 1870. The first rebel outbreak here occurred in 18481 when Natives, led by Maketu. murdered the Gilfillan family mid held posses­sion of the land, though garrisoned by military. A request was then made to Sir George Grey, Governor, to abandon the settlement, which was not complied with. To secure the place against invasion a second time, in 1865 200 military settlers were sent, while 2000 troops left for the front up the river. Previous to this, on June 5, 1863, at Katikara, 28 rebels were killed and 11 Europeans killed or wounded. On December 2. 1867, the troops left here for Poverty Bay. and the district was left with only 400 men. with a blockhouse, and the rebellion from that time gradually died out here.
WANGANUI GORGE, near Karamea.
WANGANUI RIVER Has its source near Lake Taupo. Sw Wanganui.
WANGANUI RIVER. 50 m south of Hokitika (Maori "Big canoe.”).
WANGAPARAOA. See Whangaparaoa.
WANGAPARAPARA. Is a harbour in Port Abercrombie, east of Cliff Island. See Okupu.
WANGAPEKA, Nelson. 53 miles from Nekon. Situated on the Wangapeka River. Rail to Tadaior, thence hire 10 m. Is a noted gold and silver district. Deer stalking in the mountains plentiful, and trout fishing. Post office. Nearest telephone office is at Sherry River, 7 m distant. In Waimea County. Dr at Tadmor, 10 m.
WANGAPOA. East Coast of Great Barrier Island.
WANGAREI. See Whangarei.
WANGAROA, Auckland. In 1809 the ship Boyd calling here, her crew were all massacred except four. See Whangaroa.
WANGARURU. A Native district. See Russell and Waihaha.
WANSTEAD, Hawke's Bay. 60 m south-east from Napier, by rail to Waipukurau, then coach daliy, 12 m; in Patangata, Co. Post and telephone office. A sheep district, and settlement. No township; only a hotel.
WAOKU. 6 m from Taheke.
WAOTU, Auckland. Small settlement on the Waikato Eiver, 130 m south-east from Auckland. Bail to Putaruru, then 13 m by passable bnggy road, or rail to Cambridge, thence 28 miles by good buggy road; in West Taupo County. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Trout fishing and good shooting. Name refers to great height of the trees. Sawmill. Doctor at Tirau. 18 m.
WARAHOE. See Kihikihi.
WARD. The present terminus of the railway line from Blenheim, 32 m. The section from Seddon, 14 m, officially opened on April 15, 1911. See Flaxbourne, which is postal name.
WARD ISLAND. A small yellow island 93ft high on east side of channel in Wellington Harbour.
WARD MOUNT (1041ft). Cheviot district.
WARDS PASS. Track from Birch Hill to Nelson.
WARDVILLE, Auckland. 122 m from Auckland, near Te Aroha. Mails daily. Rail to Waharoa, thence 3 m. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Morrinsville, 15 m.
WAREA, Taranaki. 22 miles by daily coach from New Plymouth. Post and telephone office. Flaxmill, sawmill, and butter factory.
WAREATA. Gold mining district near Harben.
WAREATEA RIVER. Flows through Wareatea district.
WAREHUNGA, Marlborough. In 1775 Captain Cook, in the Resolution, lost sight of his companion ship, the Adventure, under Captain Furneaux. During the separation a fearful event took place here, where landing had been made to gather green foods: 10 of Cap­tain Furneaux's crew were here attacked by Maoris, slain, and eaten. Relics of the tragedy were found here a century after.
WAREPA, Otago. 62 miles south by rail from Dunedin; in Clutha County. A post and telephone office for a farming and sheep district. Good fishing in Kaihiku River close by; rabbit and pig shooting on hilk two miles distant. Private boarding. Splendid roads for cycling. "Warepa" means "A Maori settlement." Dr at Balclutha, 10 m.
WARKWORTH, Auckland. Known also as Mahurangi; a thriving dairy-farming township and county town lor Rodney County. 43 m north-east by steamer four times weekly (6s), or train and coach (8a\ four times weekly from Auckland. It is also the site of important hydraulic lime and cement works. Several stores, a hotel and private boarding houses, and public liall in township; poet, telegraph, and money order office. Wkly newspaper. Is 12 m above entrance Jo Mahu­rangi Harbour at head of tidal waters on Mahurangi River. Fruit canning factory. Named by Hill and Brown (who owned the land), after their native town in England. Resident Dr. Railway from Auckland now open as far as Te Hana.
WARO. A railway station 15 miles from Kioreroa. on the Whangarei-Hukerenui line. Hikurangi is nearest post office. 1 mile distant.
WARONUI. See Clinton.
WARRENGATE. See Fordell.
WARRINGTON, Otago. Popular summer resort, 21 miles north by rail from Dunedin, on sea coast. There is no hotel, but several boarding houses; these and furnished cottages, are generally bespoken some months beforehand for the summer holidays. Bathing in the surf on the beach. Rabbit and quail shooting. The boating is done by private parties, who are always willing to lend their boats. The fishing consists of flounders principally, with blue cod, mullet, and butter-fish to be caught off rocks at beach. Post and telegraph office. Named after Warren, first land owner here, by late Captain Pitt, who pur­chased most of Warren's land. Doctor at Waitati or Seacliff.
WARWICK BAY. Pelorus Sound.
WARWICK JUNCTION, Nelson. 29 miles Mmth-east from Westport by coach weekly to Matakitaki Upper, then 12 m; situated on Maruia. River: surrounding country rough plain, with abundance of paradise and grey ducks. Trout fishing in Maruia River In Inangahua County. Mails weekly. Nearest telephone office is at Upper Matakitaki, 12 m.
WASHDYKE, Canterbury. Three miles north by rail from Timaru (5d single), also by coach Wednesday and Saturday (6d). Freezing and fellmongery are chief support of township. Swan and duck shooting on lagoon, and trout in Opihi River. Good roads. One hotel. Tele­phone and Post office. Named from quantity of wool which used to be washed here. Doctor at Timaru.
WASHINGTON VALLEY. Suburb of Nelson.
WATAMONGA BAY. Near Port Underwood.
WATAROA, Westland province and county. On Wataroa River, 70 miles south from Hokitika. Mail communication once a week with Hokitika, by coach. Mining (sluicing) and agriculture. Pigeon and kaka shooting in season. Roads fairly good for cycling. Private board 22s per week. Wild West Coast scenery here." Waterfalls, glaciers, canons. Post and telephone. Flax milling 6 m. and sawmill 1 m. A fine cylinder bridge is now erected over the river here. The old spell­ing of this place is Whataroha.
WATCHMAN. Island oft Cape Colville ; also, an island in VVaitemata Harbour, off Ponsonby.
WATERFALL CREEK. Tributary Otamiti River.
WATERFALLS. There are not many of great height or vast volume of water, but one discovered not so very long ago is worthy of mention. It is near Milford Sound, on the south-west coast of the South Island, and is thus described —Some years ago Sutherland, a prospector, established for himself a home seven miles up Milford Sound, at a bend known as the Freshwater Basin. In the course of his rambling Sutherland discovered an immense high waterfall, which has now become famous as the Sutherland Fall. It is in three leaps, but the total fall is 1904ft. Thus there is added to the already well-known grandeur of the Sounds this additional charm. The distance from the place where the steamers anchor in Milford Sound to the waterfall is about 15 miles. There are also in the same locality the Stirling Falls (500ft) and the Bowen Falls (540ft).
WATERFALLS, Wellington. 126 miles north-east from Welling­ton. Rail to Eketahuna, thence 30 in by coach weekly via Alfredton; in Wairarapa North County. A sheepfarming and timber district. Neither hotels nor stores. Post and telephone office. Named from large waterfall and several small ones here, by the late Wm. Leach. Doctor at Eketahuna.
WATERFORD. See Katikati.
WATERSHED ROAD. See Mangaonoho.
WATERTON, Canterbury. Farming settlement, near mouth of Ashburton River and east coast; 14 miles south-west by Longbeach coach daily (2s 6d single, 4s return). Trout and flounders in river, and good hare and duck shooting. Excellent cycle roads Post and telephone. No private board. Pigs largely reared here.
WATERVIEW. See Avondale.
WATTLE CREEK. Tributary of Tiraumea River.
WATTLE GULLY. In Awhitu district.
WAUTS. See Lichfield.
WAVERLEY, Canterbury. Railway siding 16 miles from Christchurch, on the Christchurch-Oxford line. Kaiapoi, two miles distant, is the nearest post office. Named by late Caleb Whiteford, S.M., after place of same namE in England.
WAVERLEY. Tributary of Haratanga River.
WAVERLEY, Taranaki. Dairying and farming township and town district with a population of about 500; 33 miles north-west by rail from Wanganui; in Patea County. Two banks, post, telegraph, money order, and Government offices. Flourmill, flaxmill, dairy creamery, and butter factories in township. Two hotels; private boarding. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Main road good for cycling. The township contains the old Wairoa Redoubt in a state of good preservation, and is almost, if not, the only place which held out during the Maori war of 1868. Originally called by the native name of Wairoa; public meeting held about 1875 and name Waveriey adopted, owing to there being another Wairoa on the East Coast. Named after a hostelry here. Splendid recreation ground with running and cycling track, bowling and tennis clubs Town hall built at a cost of £1800. Resident Dr.
WAVERLEY RACECOURSE. A railway siding 73 miles from New Plymouth and 31 miles from Wanganui. Waverley is nearest post office.
WAYBY, Auckland. Small farming village 69 miles north from Auckland by rail; in Waitemata County. Post office and telephone. Doctor at Wellsford, 3 m.
WAYNESTOWN. See Dunback.
WEATHERSTONE, Otago. 62 miles west by rail from Dunedin. A mountain township and old mining centre one mile and a-half from Lawrence railway station; gold sluicing and hydraulic are still carried on. Is a farming district around, and has a brewery. There is a post and telephone office, and it is in Tuapeka County. Named after Weatherstone, who first discovered gold here. Doctor at Lawrence.
WEBB POINT. Opposite Ward's Island, Wellington Harbour.
WEBER, Hawke's Bay. On Akitio River; in Waipawa County; 104 m south from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, thence coach Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, 25 m (10s). Daily service in summer. Graz­ing and sawmilling. Good shooting, game of all kinds in season. Cycle roads fair only; the Akitio River falls reached on horseback, great attrac­tion. One hotel; private board 25s. Post and telegraph office, called after the first surveyor of the township. Resident doctor. Is the name of a county.
WEDDERBURN, Otago. On Wedder Creek, 94 miles north-west by rail from Dunedin, on Otago Central line. Farming, gold sluicing, and coal pits. Hare shooting plentiful; fishing poor, on account of creek being too small. Good roads for cycling, which are much used. A curative locality for lung diseases. Has one hotel; telephone and Post and M.O. office. Doctor at Naseby, 10 m. Now named by postal authorities Muriomato.
WEDGE POINT. Separates Picton Harbour from Grove.
WEEDON'S, Canterbury. One of the many farming settlements of the plains ; 13 miles south by rail from Christchurch ; in Selwyn County. Post and telephone. Named after an early settler. Doctor at Lincoln, 7 m.
WEHEKA, Westland. 107 m south from Hokitika by coach (fare £2 15s). Post and telephone. Roads fair for cycling. Good shooting of kaka and duck. Is on main road, 16 m from Waiho Gorge and within 3 m of the Fox glacier. Good accommodation. Splendid scenery; fanning settlement. Dr. at Ross, 80 m. Weheka means "Two tributaries."
WEKA BAY Near Schnapper Point, Evans Bay.
WEKA PASS. Between Waikari and Waipara, Canterbury.
WEKA RIVER. Joins Weka Pass at south entrance.
WEKA WEKA, Auckland. 130 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Hokianga Heads, thence 15 m by track, suitable for riding from December to April. Splendid district for all kinds of fruitgrowing or tobacco. The climate is very mild and is one of the healthiest places in New Zealand. Pig and cattle shooting. Mail service weekly. Nearest telegraph office is at Waimamaku, 6 m. Dr. at Rawene, 40 m. WELLINGTON CITY The bay of Port Nichofeon, the waters of which towards the city are called Lambton Harbour, is a magnificent sheet of water about 20,000 acres in extent, with deep water right up to the city streets.
On each side of the town when the first settlers arrived, and as late as 1843. were Native pas or villages, that of To Aro and Pipittu; while in the centre, on a small patch of land, resided the chief E Tako. It is stated that at the early settlement of Wellington on beach of front white sand met the water's edge, and that the pas and villages of the Natives, among which were a few European homes, made a gay scene.
Te Aro was then a Maori settlement, with large pa, and was greatly frequented by visiting Natives from Queen Charlotte Sounds. Pipitea is another former settlement and pa, the chief in 1843 being Nga Tata, who then boasted that he had roasted children alive and then eaten of their flesh before the missionaries came.
As the steamer enters Port Nicholson, at the head of which Wel­lington is situated, Pencarrow Head, with a lighthouse 322ft above water level, visible 25 miles, is on the right hand, and the Beacon Hill signal station on the left, at a height of 433ft. From a signal house, 128 yards south-west of the light­house, an explosive signal gives one report every five minutes. There are signal stations on Beacon Hill, and on Mount Victoria between Evans Bay and Lamb ton Harbour. Having passed the Steeple Rock the visitor sees on his left hand side the suburbs of Seatoun, Worser Bay, and Karaka Bay ; and on the other side the suburbs of Eastbourne and Day's Bay. The steamer having approached close to Somes Island, on. which is a lighthouse giving the direction of the entrance, turns towards the west and passes Evans' Bay and Oriental Bay on the left; and the visitor is landed right up to the city.
The older part of the city.—Even as late as the year 1872 the waters of the bay of Lambton Harbour washed up close to the main street of the city, which street still indicates by its name—Lambton Quay—the position it had up till then held as the quay or shipping place of the town. Visitors, and even residents, of recent years find it difficult to realise that this was so, as all signs of a quay here have been obliterated, except the name.
On September 20, 1839, the ship Tory, 400 tons, arrived in Port Nicholson Harbour under charter by a London Company called the N.Z. Co., with Colonel Wakefield, E. J. Wakefield, Dr. Diffenbach (naturalist), and Dr. Dorset and assistants. The ship Cuba arrived January 3, 1840, followed by the Aurora on January 22 with the first party of settlers (before even N.Z. had become an independent colony), on which date was celebrated the birth of the settlement. In age, therefore, Wellington takes seniority of other cities in N.Z. The first divine service was held at Wellington on Sunday, May 26, 1840, on board the Aurora, by the Rev. Jas. Buller, and on September 29, 1840, the ship Oriental arrived also with immigrants.
In 1840 Lieutenant-governor Hobson sent from Auckland Lieutenant Shortland, and he hoisted the Union Jack and read the proclamation of the sovereignty of Great Britain over N.Z. On August 4, 1842, Wm. Murphy, chief police magistrate, proclaimed Wellington a borough. On October 3, 1842, the first municipal election was held, and the first mayor (G. Hunter), elected. In the same year the foundation stone of Scots Church (St. Andrew's) was laid in, Lambton Quay, and on January 21, 1844, Lieut.-governor Hobson paid his first and only visit to Wellington.
Wellington, was the principal of the N.Z. Company's settlements, and in 1843 the European population was 3000. Then the only good hostel was Barrett's Hotel, which was the rendezvous of the elite of business men. Angas, a visitor in 1843, says: " The state of society may be inferred from the not unusual circumstance of the most fashionable of these being trundled home in wheelbarrows from a ball at the late hour of 10 in the morning on two succeeding days."— " Angas's Travels," Vol. 1. In 1847 H.M.S. Acheron sailed from here on a survey of the coast of N.Z.
The name to be given to the town of the settlement at Port Nicholson was to be Britannia, and was to be on the Hutt side facing the town, but, learning the site was subject to floods, those in charge determined to remove it to Te Aro, the present site, and to call it Wellington, as it now is. The site was then occupied by a Maori pa.
The first settlers landed at Petone. where the Wellington Woollen Co.'s mill is now, and a town was laid off there by Capt. Smith, of the ship Cuba.
The anniversary of the arrival of the first settlers is held now on January 22 annually, the date of the arrival of the Aurora with the first immigrants. In 1840 many dissatisfied settlers migrated to Wanganui and founded a settlement there.
In 1862 there was an agitation to remove the capital from Auckland, and commisioners were ar pointed to decide upon a central site. Wellington was chosen by them, the act authorising the transfer of the capital was passed, and on June 26, 1865, the officials and Ministry were shipped by the steamer White Swan from Auckland to Wellington. This steamer struck a rock off Castle Point, on the Wellington coast, and the Postmaster-general ordered all official papers and records to be cast overboard in the belief they would be washed ashore, but many of the papers were lost. The officials were carried on by the steamer Stormbird. sent to pick them up, and eventually landed at the future capital.
The harbour has been without doubt the making of Wellington, as the deep water close to the town and the ample and safe anchorage of the bay, conpled of course with its central position, were the factors which decided the Commissioners appointed in selecting Wellington as the capital.
The- removal of the seat of Government to Wellington in June, 1865, did not add much to the vitality of the city for some years, but through the opening of the railway to the interior and the increase of intercolonial shipping, improvement gradually took place until about 1885 the city went ahead with a bound, and it has continued advancing at a rapid rate ever since. The demand for business sites made it absolutely necessary that the foreshore of the bay should be reclaimed which, being done, now forms the mercantile portion of the city, built up with handsome stores, offices, and Government, and harbour buildings of brick, forming a more fitting foreground and entrance to the capital city of New Zealand. Wellington's geographical position is: Latitude 41.17.17 S; longitude 174.49.15 E at Custom House.
The city and settlement was founded by the English company before mentioned, and dates back from 1840. For many vears the town clustered only along the quay before referred to, the close proximitv of the hills preventing wider settlement. After Lambton Quay, the other main thoroughfares of the original town are Willis street (really a continuation of Lambton Quay), Cuba street, Manners street, Dixon and Ghuznee streets, and Courtenay Place; but the streets on what was known as the reclaimed land are now the commercial centres, the chief being Johnston, Brandon, Panama, Grey, Hunter, Harbour, Featherston, and Victoria streets, and Jervois and Custom House Quays. The retail business streets are chiefly the outskirts (Thorndon and Newtown). The streets Tory, Cuba, Aurora, Oriental (bay), and Adelaide are named after ships that arrived in 1839, and Bolton, Coromandel, and Broughton streets are named after ships that arrived in 1840 with immigrants, while other streets are named after eacly settlers. Wellington has a mild and healthy climate, but is subject to strong winds, caused by its position on the Strait, which divides the two islands.
Being the seat of Government and the political centre of the colony, it contains the residence of the Governor, Houses of Parliament, and the head offices of the Government departments. Its central position has also attracted to it the head offices of many of the chief commercial institutions whose business is carried on throughout the colony, the head offices of which have been gradually removed from Auckland, Christchurch, or Dunedin with their staffs of employees and centred here—all tending to augment the business of the city and increase the value of its property. House rents are from this reason higher than in any other town of the colony, while the building area within the city is limited. The old part of the city is not substantially built, the streets there having many ancient erections which are, however, being gradually replaced ; but the new part presents good brick blocks of handsome warehouses and offices.
In 1595 the Victoria College, which receives £4000 yearly from Government, was established, its special chairs being Law -and Science; the College site is six acres in Salamanca road, the foundation stone of the building being laid by His Excellency the Governor, Baron Plunket, on August'27, 1904.
Electric cars run from the Lambton station through the main streets to the following places :—Arc street, Oriental Bay, Island Bav. 'New-town. Constable street, Wallace Fietl, Brooklyn, Kilbirnie, Lvall Bay, Miramar. Seatoun, Botanical Gardens (Tinakori road), Karori, Thorndon Quay, and Wn i •
The city is well lit by electricity and gas (first lit bv giis April 21, 1871), and has an excellent supply of water from the Waiuuiouiaia River on the other side of the harbour and Karori reservoir, and the drainage system is one of the beet in the colony. There are water storage reservoirs at Karori and Wainui-o-mata and several reservoirs at Brooklyn and Kelburne, There is a very good public and reference library here in Mercer street, and the Colonial Museum, in Museum street, on the ground beyond old Government House, is noted for its Maori house, 48ft long by 18ft broad, a perfect specimen of Maori art. and inside the house are many Maori curios.
There are several excellent clubs in the city—viz., the Wellington Club (residential), on Wellington Terrace ; the Central (non-residential), in Grey street; the Wellesley (non-residential), in Waring Taylor street; the Civil 'Service (residential) in Ballamce street; the Commercial Travellers' (residential), in Victoria street; and a Working Men's Club, in Victoria street.
The philanthropic institutions are the Boys' Institute, Hosnital, Benevolent Institute and Convalescent Home, Salvation Army Rescue Home, the Roman Catholic Industrial School for girls, Seamens' Mission Memorial Institute for seamen (a gift from Mrs Williams), and the Young Mens Christian Association's new building in Willis street.
Wellington has a Chamber of Commerce, an Education Board for the and offices of the Harbour Board provincial district, Corporation offices, an Also the Botanicnl Gardens on the hill about a mile from Lambton Quay. The Meteorological Department is on Customhouse Quay, and a shipmasters' Association in Johnston street.
Newspapers are represented by an evening and two morning dailies, and various other publications.
There are some fine churches in the city, most of the principal denomi­nations being well represented. Four central Anglican churches, three Presbyterian, three Roman Catholic, also Baptist, Congregational, Primi­tive Methodists, Salvation Army barracks, and a Synagogue.
The registrar and offices of the N.Z. University, established in 1870, with its senate, is here. There is the Wellington College for boys, St. Patrick's Roman Catholic College, a Girls' High School, and Technical School; as well as several primary State, private, and church Bchools. The head office of the Educational Department for tbe colony, with the Minister for Education and secretary's office and staff, are in this city.
The Wellington centre of St. John Ambulance Association is in Featherston street, the association's ambulance van being available for transport of sick and injured at the rate of 10s per hour.
The district immediately around Wellington is not specially suited for agriculture, but there is a splendid country connected with it by railway and by steam communication. There is a horticultural society, a kennel club, and poultry, pigeon, and canary association, and an acclimatisation society etc. At Newtown Park, the terminus of the car line at Newtown, are the Zoological Gardens under the control of the City Council.
The cycling advantages of Wellington are not very great, but some good runs are to be had along the Queen's Drive to Kilbirnie, thence round to Island Bay, thence back to Wellington via Newtown; or to Petone and Lower Hutt, thence to Day's Bay or through the Taita Valley.
There are two chief railway stations. Lambton and Thorndon (tlhe latter being the old Manawatu Co.'s station, a little distance from the centre of the city, while the Te Aro station, close to Courtenay place, is largely used by those resident in the east and south ends of the city. The Manawatu line was acquired by the Government in 1903. The first railway opened here was that to the Hutt in 1874. The Main Trunk railway line connecting Wellington with Auckland was com­pleted in 1908, and the first through train left Wellington on the evening of the 7th August, 1908, carrying a Ministerial and Parliamen­tary party. The journey between the two cities occupies just on 19 hours.
Open cairiages—landaus—are the chief cabs, the minimum hire from wharf to hotel being 2s 6d, from hotel to Lambton station Is each, and from hotel to Thorndon railway station a minimum fare of 2s; but motors and taxicabs now ply for hire.
An excellent view is obtained from Wellinirton Terrace, where the Wellington Club is, and from Kelburne (which is reached by cable car) higher up, there are seen to the right Oriental Bay Evans' Bay, and the township of Kilbirnie; to the left appears the townships of Petone and Lower Hutt; and the valley of the Hutt stretching away northwards toward the snowy ranges rf Tararua. whose white peaks stand out against the sky ; the Hutt River entering the bay at Petone. A drive along the shores of the harbour to the Lower Hutt (and returning via Taita Valley), passing on the way the manufacturing centre of Petone with its woollen mills, extensive freezing and meatpreserving works, and the Government railway work­shops, affords a pleasant afternoon's trip, the distance out being only eight miles; the Bellevue Gardens at Lower Hutt are also worthy of a visit. Another good drive is via Queen's drive, Kilbirnie, and Lyall Bay to Island Bay (a seaside resort on the shore of the strait), about four miles distant. For pedestrians Mt. Victoria, from which a splendid sea and land view can be obtained, is well worth a visit. A signal station is here which repeats the signals hoisted at the Beacon Hill station for town information. Seatoun and Worser Bay. Karaka Bay, Karori, and Makara Beach, and along the shore round the Rocks, returning through Kilbirnie and Newtown, are all pleasant drives.
Wellington is well off in regard to musical societies, as there is a choral society, an orchestral society, a Liedertafel, and an excellent operatic and dramatic society. There are also rowing, yacht, and sailing clubs, a race club, polo, golf, bowling, tennis, football, cricket, and hockey clubs. There is an opera house, several good theatres, and smaller halls for concerts, lectures, dances, etc. The Town Hall, opened December 7, 1904, in which are the municipal offices, has frontages to Cuba, Victoria, and Mercer streets. The building was erected at a cost of £79.263 (includ­ing organ and furnishing), and is surmounted by a tower 177ft high, wherein provision has been made for a clock. The main hall is 150ft long by 75ft wide and 52ft 6in high, and has seating accommodation for 3000 people. A reception hall, 62ft long by 46ft wide, nas accom­modation for 500. A magnificent organ is in the main hall.
The following suburbs are now amalgamated with Wellington, forming a Greater Wellington :—Island Bay, Kilbirnie, Kelburne, Roseneath, Fitchet Town, Mitchelltown. Vogeltown, Brooklyn. Melrose, Wadestown, Northland, and Lyall Bay.
The suburban boroughs of Greater Wellington are Onslow, Karori, and Miramar. The population of Wellington, including suburbs, is 83,005.
There are five well-constructed wharves, known respectively as the Queen's, Glasgow, King's, Railway, and Clyde Quay, which, with bonded and free stores and sheds, have a total floor area of over 220.000 square feet.
Vessels of any draught of water may enter the Heads, and drawing 28ft can be berthed at the Queen's, and 32ft the Glasgow and Railway wharves. The facilities for the loading and unloading of vessels of all descriptions in Wellington Harbour are equal to the best in the Southern Hemisphere, as hydraulic cranes and jiggers are pro­vided by the Board, also hydraulic cranes of 10 tons, 20 tons, and 40 tons. The berthage accommodation is over 10,855ft, having from 16ft to 33ft depth at low water. The Glasgow, King's, and Railway wharves have rail communication.
The morgue is situated at Clyde quay and the plague hospital off Stanley street. The city has two salt water baths, at Thorodon and TeAro.
WELLINGTON DISTRICT is bounded on the north by Auckland and Hawke's Bay, on the west by Taranaki, on the east by the sea, and on the south and'south-west by Cook Strait. The area is about 6,810,958 acres, and its greatest length north and south is about 180 miles, its mean width east and west about 60 miles.
The district is divided into two parts by a mountain range, which continues through the North Island. At its northern end this range— there known by the name of Ruahine, and about 4,000ft—divides Wellington from Hawke's Bay ; but after passing the Manawatu River, the range takes the name of Tararua, until, at about 40 miles from its termination on the shores of Cook Strait, it divides into two main ranges, known under the names of Rimutaka and Tararua, both ranges averaging from 2,500ft to 3,500ft in height, the highest point being Mitre Peak, 5,154ft. Westward is the volcanic chain of mountains containing Ruapehu, 9,008ft, and Ngauruhoe, an active volcano, 7,515ft high. The long sweeping curve of Cook Strait, forming the south-western limit of the district, is bordered from the Patea River to within 30 miles of Wellington by a comparatively level and undulating country, now nearly all under cultiva­tion, having an width of about 15 miles. This country is one of the finest parts of the colony, and is celebrated for its stock-raising capabilities.
Inland of this coastal plain, at varying distances from the sea, the country gradually rises to a mean height of about 1,500ft to 1,800ft, and becomes a good deal broken. It is well watered by rivers and streams flowing from the interior to the sea, of which the principal, commencing from the north, are these :—The Waitotara, Wanganui, Wangaehu, Rangitikei, Oroua, Pohangina, and the Manawatu, which last, after leaving the gorge in the Ruahine Ranges, runs through level land to its mouth in Cook Strait. This broken country lakes grass excellently, and promises in the near future to be a large sheep-carrying district.
Of the rivers the first is the Wanganui—'' the Rhine of New Zealand " —with a length of over 110 miles from its source, near Mount Tongariro, to its outlet. The Rangitikei, the next in size, rises in the Ruahine Mountains, and is joined by the Hautapu and other large tributaries. After a course of over 100 miles it reaches the sea below Bulls. The Manawatu is next in importance. Rising in the Ruahines, it flows through the Manawatu Gorge, joining the sea just below Foxton. The other rivers are Waitotara (north of Wanganui), the Wangaehu (which takes its rise in Mount Ruapehu, and from its source so strongly impregnated with sulphur that fish cannot live in it), the Turakina, and the Otaki. The only other rivers of size are the Hutt (Heretaunga), emptying itself into the Wellington Harbour, the Ruamahanga, flowing through the Wairarapa Valley and lakes into Palliser Bay, and the Pahaoa, Aohanga, and Akitio.
The district is essentially a forest country, for out of the 6,810,958 acres contained within its borders about 3,000,000 are still under bush. By far the largest forest is the Waimarino, having an area of at least three-quarter million acres, a large portion of it being nearly level land, containing magnificent timber, principally totara, maire, matai, rimu, and other pines. This forest is as yet hardly touched, though timber is being cut at Raetihi for the settlers now making their homes in the neighbourhood. The Auckland Main Trunk Line'iiow affords an outlet 'or this timber to become a market­able commodity, and the Waimarino forest will become the centre of a busy sawmilling district
There is a large extent of bush land, drained by the Turakina, Mangamahu, and Wangaehu Rivers, extending up to the Wanganui River, and containing about 300,000 acres. Very little of this, from its inaccessibility, will be utilised for sawmilling purposes, but a great deal of it, together with a further block of 230,000 acres on the west side of the Wanganui River, will be cleared by the settlers and sown down with grass. A further block of about 100,000 acres of forest land lies in the Pohangina Valley and on the slopes of the Ruahine Range. A large portion of this has been taken up and is now being settled.
The forest land on the West Coast extends from Pukerua to the Manavvatu Gorge, on the west side of the Tararua Range, and con­tains an area of about 300,000 acres, the bulk of it being fit only for
turning into pasture. The most available part of it, alongside the Wellington-Manawatu railway, is being extensively cut into by saw-millers at Levin and other places on the line. After this in size is the forest on the eastern slopes of the Tararua Ranges, extending from Featherston to the Manawatu Gorge, which includes what remains of the well-known Forty-mile Bush, containing probably about 175,000 acres. Portion of this area is being quiqkly denuded of timber by the sawmills established at Pahiatua, Newman, Hukanui, Eketahuna, and by settlers. A tract of about 50,000 acres lying to the east of the Puketoi Range cannot be utilised for milling purposes, as it is not tapped by any branch railway line, and its distance from the main line would probably render the business unprofitable except for local purposes. Nor are there any suitable ports along the coast where timber could be shipped.
The other forests are one near Lake Taupo, and the Haurangi Forest on the east side of the Wairarapa Lake. These consist for the most part of birch-covered hills, and cannot be considered as valuable for milling purposes.
The climate of Wellington district is healthy and mild, the mean annual temperature (in the city) being 55.4, whilst the mean rainfall is 48.49in per annum.
The soil of this district is good and there is a great quantity of good land. The coasts of Wellington district are not so well supplied with harbours as other parts of the colony; but the excellence of the chief—Port Nicholson—which is a meeting point for the coastal traffic of both islands, and from its sheltered position and depth of water, is for iti size one of the most convenient harbours in the world. Wanganui is the second port, and Patea and Manawatu Rivers are for small steamers.
The lands still owned by Maoris are about 105,306 acres, and are situated principally between the Wangaehu and Wanganui Rivers.
The dairy industry thrives well, as the district is well adapted for it, and creameries and butter factories increase each year.
There are several mills for dressing the native flax throughout the province, the price for dressed flax being sucli as to keep a large number of men employed, the principal mills being situated in the Martinborough, Featherston, Tokomaru, Linton, Oroua, Bulls, Wairarapa, Waikanae, and Foxton districts.
timber mills are numerous ; the timbers cut being principally totara and red pine, and they are at Pahiatua. Eketahuna, Masterton. Carterton, Wairarapa, Forty-mile Bush, Otaki, Waikanae, Shannon, and Levin.
The chief towns in Wellington district are Wellington, the capital of the Dominion and the chief towns of the district are Hutt, Petone, Featherston, Greytown North, Carterton, Masterton, Eketa­huna, Pahiatua, Woodville, Otaki, Levin, Shannon, Foxton, Palmerston North. Feilding. Marion, Bulls, Halcombe, Hunterville, Mangaweka, and Wanganui.
WELLINGTON. Is name of a head and island 342ft high form­ing S. entrance to port.
WELLINGTON HEAD. Outside Tory Channel on Arapawa Island.
WELLINGTON MINE. Railway station at Waimangaroa, Abercrombie.
WELLINGTON SOUTH. Suburb of Wellington.
WELLSFORD, Auckland. 72 miles north-east from Auckland. By rail; Port Albert on west coast six miles distant by good road; in Rodney County. Post, telephone, and money order office. A small gun, fruit, and dairy produce settlement, with accommodation houses, but no hotel. Shooting plentiful. Named after original settlers. Resident doctor.
WELSHMANS. Mining locality near Marsden.
WELSHMAN'S FLAT. Gold diggings rear Inangahua Junction.
WELSHMAN'S TERRACE. Near Brighton, Charleston.
WENDON, Southland. Farming settlement. 57 m N.E. from Invercargill. Rail to Riversdale (which is the nearest township), thence seven miles: in Southland County. Good trout fishing and shooting close at hand. Post and telephone office. Within ½ m of junction of the Mataura and Waikaia, Rivers. Named after Mt. Wendon here.
WENDONSIDE, Southland. 70 miles north from Invercargill. Rail to Riversdale, thence coach daily 10 miles (4s); in Southland County. Post office. Gold dredging is now extensively carried on in the district. Telephone. This place is purely a farming settlement similar to Wendon, three miles distant, and has neither store nor hotel. Good trout fishing and shooting close at hand. Waikaia and Riversdale coach passes within 3 m. Doctor at Riversdale, 10 m.
WENDON VALLEY, Southland. Agricultural settlement, 60 miles north from Invercargill. Rail to Waikaka daily, thence 4 m. Good trout fishing. Nearest telegraph office is at Waikaka, four miles distant. Three coal pits in vicinity. Is on Waikaka River, and settle­ment lies at the foot of Mt. Wendon, the School Committee giving it the name of Wendon Valley. Post office. Doctor at Gore, 20 m.
WERAITE. Totara forest 9 m east of Masterton.
WERAROA, Wellington. 58 miles north-east from Wellington. By rail to Levin, thence coach daily two miles. Post, money order, and telegraph office. (See Levin.) The Government have an experi mental and training farm and nursery here. Hotel, store, etc. Doctor at Levin.
WEREROA, Auckland. See Churchill.
WESTBROOK, Westland. Situated eight miles from sea coast, on the Greenstone Creek, and near Teremakau River. One and a-half miles from Kumara railway station, and one mile from Teremakau station, on Greymouth-Hokitika railway line. The distance by road to either Grey-mouth or Hokitika is 20 miles. Coach from Kumara to Greenstone Creek passes twice weekly. The Greenstone Creek, Bun Tuck, and other dredging companies are here. Nearest telegraph office is at Kumara. Pigeon, kaka, and wild duck shooting ; also good fishing for eels, grayling, and herrings in river. Roads rough. No private boarding, only hotels. GoW mining, five sawmills, sluicing on extensive scale. Place was named by Magistrate Revell. Post office.
WEST COAST ROAD. See Castle Hill.
WEST ENTRY. One entrance to Pelonis Sound.
WESTERFIELD, Canterbury. Railway siding and farm settle­ment 11 miles by rail from Ashburton and eight miles from Tinwald, on the Ashburton-Springburn line. Post and telephone. In Ashbur­ton Co. On Ashburton River. Doctor at Ashburton.
WESTERN SPIT. Now called West Shore. See Napier.
WESTERN SPRINGS. See Surrey Crescent, Wellpark Avenue, and Wellesley road, Auckland.
WEST EYRETON, Canterbury. Between Eyre and Cust Rivers, and 29 miles north-west by rail from Christchurch, on the Christchurch-Oxford West line; in Ashley County. One of the best wheat growing districts. Fair fishing (trout) in Cust River. Good roads for cycling. Post and telephone. Horrelville distant about three miles from here, West Eyreton being the post office. Doctor at Oxford, 10 m, and the Rangiora doctor by telephone.
WESTFIELD. A railway siding eight miles from Auckland, on the Auckland-Taumarunui line. Otahuhu is nearest post office, one mile distant. Here are chemical works, soap factory, and other industries. (See Otahuhu.)
WEST HARBOUR. A suburban borough on Dunedin Bay, west side. Connected with Dunedin by the Port Chalmers railway ; with a population of 1514. It extends from Pelichet Bay to Sawyers Bay (part of which it includes), and the length of the borough is eight and a-quarter miles, but narrow in width—no doubt the longest and narrowest borough in New Zealand. The postal offices of Ravensbourne, Burke's, St. Leonards, and Sawyers Bay are included in the Borough of West Harbour. Population. 1649.
WEST HAVEN. See Collingwood and Pakawau.
WEST LAN D. The Westland Provincial District occupies the central portion of the western watershed of the Middle Island, joining Canterbury on the east; its north and south boundaries with Nelson and Otagn being the Grey, Arnold, and Awarua Rivers. The mean length is 200 miles, and its average width 24 miles. The area is 4,759 square miles.
There are numerous rivers, swift and strong, but of no great length. The principal ones, beginning from the north, are: The Grey (Mawhera), Arnold, Teremakau, Arahura, Hokitika, Mikonui, Waitaha, Wanganui, Poerua (Little Wanganui), Wataroa, Waitangi, Taona, Okarito, Waiho, Cook's, Karangarua, Makawiho, Maintain, Paringa, Moeraki, Haast, Okuru, Turnbull, Waiatoto, Arawata, Cascade, George, and Awarua. Being nearly all snow-fed, they come down in raging torrents in the spring and early summer months.
There are also numerous lakes, and most of them very pretty. The largest are—Lake Brunner, six miles by three miles and a-half ; Kanieri, five miles bv one mile and a-half ; Okarito, six miles by one mile and a-quarter ; Mapourika, three miles by one mile . and a-half ; Mahinapua, lanthe, Rotokino, Wahapo, Saltwater Lagoon, Paringa. Moeraki, and Ellery. Some are very deep, their bottoms being hundreds of feet below sea level.
The chief towns are Greymouth, Brunnerton. Hokitika, Kumara, Ross, Stafford. Kanieri, Woodstock, and Rimu. Westport, and Reefton, on the West Coast, are in the Nelson district.
The district of Westland is famous for mining, and contains the irreatest area of alluvial auriferous ground on the West Coast.
All the Westland rivers carry more or less gold, but the two great golden rivers are the Arahura and Waiho, the bars and ripples in which appear to be replenished with fresh deposits of gold after each flood.
Hydraulic sluicing on a large scale is successfully carried on in various portions of the northern districts, and will doubtless be extended to many other localities. The tapping of the Arahura River will when completed, enable the miners of Blue Spur, Kanieri, and Rimu to obtain a permanant supply of water, and command a large area of auriferous country at present unworkable from want of water at a sufficient altitudev .
WESTLANDS. On Waipara-Cheviot railway. –(1s)67 miles from Christchurch; the nearest post and telephone office at present being Scargill, 12 miles off.
WEST LYNN. Part of Auckland, which see. Post, money order, and telegraph office.
WEST MAHARAHARA. See Maharahara.
WEST MELTON, Canterbury. 15 miles west from Christchurch. Rail to Weedon's, then four miles and a-half; in Selwyn County. One of the many farming settlements all within a mile or two of each other in this neighbourhood. Good level roads for cycling. One hotel and store, but no private board. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Lincoln, 10 m.
WESTMERE. Five miles from Wanganui by rail. Farming and dairying district. Cheese factory. Post and telephone. Mails daily. Trout and perch fishing in Westmere Lake. Dr. at Wanganui. Named after an estate here.
WESTON, Otago. Mixed farming district and township, four miles W. from Oamaru by rail; in Waitaki County. Post and telephone office. Quarries of the noted Oamaru stone are here. Two stores and dairy factory in the township. Is bounded by the Awamoa Creek, and the Waiareka Creek passes near. Dr. at Oamaru, 4 m.
WESTOWN, Taranaki. See New Plymouth, of which it forms a portion.
WEST PEAK (2154 ft). Near O'Kain's Bay.
WEST PLAINS, Southland. Small farming settlement, four miles north-west by rail from Invercargill; in Southland County. Mail service daily. Post and telephone office. Called such because west of main north road. Dr. at Invercargill.
WESTPORT, Auckland. See Te Kopuru.
WESTPORT, Nelson. The second town of importance in Nelson Province, situated at mouth of Buller River (Kawatiri, native name). There is a good bar harbour, sheltered by Cape Foulwind from the southward, and accessible in all weathers. Over half a million has been spent on the harbour works designed by Sir John Coode. Depth of water in river, 24ft; spring tide 10ft, neap 5 ½ ft; depth of water on bar, 24ft 6in; vessels drawing 19ft berthed at wharves. Revenue (1910), £87,553. Westport is the place of shipment for the coal mines lying northward of Denniston, Granity Creek, the State coal mine at Seddonville, and Westport-Stockton coal mine 21 miles distant, connected by rail. The character of this coal is almost unrivalled for steam purposes. Admiralty-chartered steamers now call regularly at Westport and carry coal to Hongkong direct. The Westport Harbour Board have made extensive additions to their wharves and have imported a powerful suction dredge, which will deepen the river and depth ot water on bar to enable the larger steamers visiting the Dominion to call and coal at Westport. Visitors to Westport are impressed with a sense of the importance of its coal trade, seeing the fleet of steam colliers loading alongside the loni; line of coal staithb on northern bank of river. Though much has been done the coal industry is capable of yet greater expansion, merely lacking the nece.ssarv adjunct—capital. Post, telegraph, and money order offices.
Nine miles distant from Westport are the coal mining villages of Denniston (which see) and Waimangaroa, the former at the top, and the latter at the foot of the Mount Rochfort Plateau, while to the south are the alluvial gold mining centres of Addison's Flat, Croninville, Nine-mile Beach, and Charleston. The gold industry in this district has been and is now being vigorously followed up. There is no grain grown to any extent in the locality. Coach for Reefton (fare 20s) 49 miles daily at 7.30 a.m.; coach to Charleston Tuesday and Friday (18 miles south) twice a week, trains run to Waimangaroa (10 miles). Granity (17 miles), and Mokihinni northwards, to Mokihinni Mine (a distance of 31 miles from Westport). and to Cape Foulwind southwards. Steamers about three times a week to Greymouth, southwards, and to Nelson, Wellington, etc., northwards bi-weekly.
Coach from Westport to Motupiko (Kohatu) 106 m (fares 60s. 90s) on Tuesday and Friday at 7 30 a.m.
There are many hotels and several good boarding houses. Private and Govt. schools. Technical School, and School of Mines. Two banks (N.Z. and N.S.W.), two daily papers (News and Times), one weekly (Miner). Corporation gasworks attend to lighting of streets. Two good public halls suitable for entertainments, and an athenaeum, jockey, and other clubs. Good trout fishing in Buller, Mokihinui. and Totara Rivers ; and grey duck, kaka, and pigeon shooting in vicinity. Roads are only fair for cycling. Borough Council meets fortnightly; County Council (Buller) meets monthly. Half holiday held here on Thursday. Resident doctors. Population. 4726
WEST SHORE. New name for Western Spit, near Napier.
WEST TAIERI. See Outram.
WEST TAKAKA. See Takaka East.
WEST TOWN. See New Plymouth.
WEST WANGANUI. Now called West Haven, which see.
WETHERAL. A railway station 18 miles from Christchurch, on the Christchurch-Oxford West line. Ohapuku is name ot post otfice, which also see.
WEYMOUTH. See Manurewa.
WHAITI. Cape Runaway.
WHAKAARI. Native settlement Waiapu River.
WHAKAKA. Settlement on Awatere River; Waiapu County.
WHAKAEA, on River Awatere.
WHAKAHARA. See Mititai.
WHAKAHAU. See Slipper Island.
WHAKAIRI. or Table Mt. Main range behind Thames.
WHAKAKAI. See Island Bay.
WHAKAKORI. Headland east coast of North Island.
WHAKAMAWAHI. In Picton Harbour.
WHAKAMOA BAY. Akaroa Harbour.
WHAKAMARA, Wellington. At the head of the Noonan and Pokomaka Gorges; 54 miles north-west from Wanganui. Rail to Mokoia, then four miles A very old Maori settlement and the scene of many tribal wars, with remains of several strongly-fortified pahs in the district. Finds of bones and stone weapons and implements are of frequent occurrence. Sir G. Whitmore was here in the campaign against the Maori chief Titikowam. Name means "to remember " or "to be thoughtful." (See also Manutahi.) Dairy factory. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Hawera.
WHAKAOROI PT. Pigeon Bay, Banks Peninsula.
WHAKAPARA, Auckland. 112 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, thence rail 16 miles. Telephone and money order office. Mail service tri-weekly. The seat of the great kauri timber trade. Puhipuhi forest near here is said to be the largest kauri forest in N.Z . and to contain 175 million feet. Dr. at Hikurangi, 4 m
WHAKAPARA. Tributary of Wairua River.
WHAKAPIRAU, Auckland. 84 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, then stmr bi-wkl ; situated on a tidal river. Shooting and fishing. Mail service bi-weekly. Timber, gum, and wine making. Post, telephone, and money order office. One hotel at Pahi, across the river, five minutes' journey. Roads passable for cycling. Large quantity of timber (kauri chiefly) is shipped, principally to Australia. Dairy factory. Name means "Whaka " "canoe," '' Pirau " bad." Doctor at Paparoa. 5 m.
WHAKAPUNI LAGOON. North Waiapu River, Gisborne.
WHAKARAPA, Auckland. At head of a tidal tributary of the Hokianga Hiirbour and at the foot of a range of mountains. Is 210 m from Auckland by steamer to Rawene (30s). thence by launch (Sat.) 12 m (2s). Has a post office, but nearest telegraph is Koutu, 8 m. Named after the Maori settlement, the meaning of the name being " To cause adhesion." It is also the name of a fish basket used by the old Maoris. Roads not suitable for vehicle traffic, but horses plentiful and easily procurable. Situated inland. 8 m. is the " mud volcano.'" which is on a low hill in the heart of the bush country. It covers an area of about 2 square chains, and rises in a conical form to a height of 12ft above the surrounding country, emitting mud and water largely impregnated with salt and quite cold. In another part of the district, about 5 m from the volcano is a warm spring which bubbles forth at the foot of a densely wooded hill. Excellent shooting—ducks, pheasants, and pigeons being plentiful. Streams recently stocked with trout. Nearest doctor at Rawene.
WHAKARARI. See Maverick's Bay.
WHAKARAU, Auckland. Sheep district and post office, 38 miles north-west by mail conveyance on Monday from Gisborne; in Cook County. Te Karaka. 19 mile away, is the nearest telegraph station. Named by Archdeacon Williams after a Native chief.
WHAKAREWAREWA. Portion of the Thermal Springs district and two miles from Rotorua, which see for particulars. Has a post and telephone office with daily service. Name means "Floating berry." Doctor at Roturua. Buses frequently from Rotorua. A Government plantation for raising trees is here.
WHAKARI. The Maori name for White Island, which see.
WHAKARIMU. See Fisherman's Bay.
WHAKARONGA, Wellington. Railway siding 14 miles from Woodville, on the Woodville-Palmerston North line. Post office. Nearest telegraph office is Palmerston North, four miles distant Farming district. No hotel or store.
WHAKATAHINE RIVER. Tributary of Wainuioru River.
WHAKATAKI, Wellington. Sheep district, on sea coast; 42 m north-east by coach Monday, Wednesday, Friday (12s) from Masterton : Akitio County. Post, telephone, and money order office. One hotel: no private boarding. Good fishing and plenty of boating. Doctor 11 m off.
WHAKATANE, Auckland. A farming settlement in Bay of Plenty; 208 miles south from Auckland, by wkly steamer (fare, 45s return) and 150 miles south-east from Thames, mail conveyance on Mon., Wed., and Fri. from Rotorua. Post, telegraph, and money order office, two hotels, and seven stores. The coastal lands here are nearly all alluvial flats in a high state of cultivation, and the settlers mostly well-to-do. There is a good harbour here for vessels of 150 tons, an average depth of water on bar at high water being lift. See also Opotiki, which is 18 m distant. There was a massacre here in 1865, on board the cutter Kate, of the Government agent (Mr Fulloon), and also of the captain and crew, for which two Natives were hanged. Again, on March 10, 1869, Te Kooti, with Hau Hau Natives, raided here, losing 20 rebels, but was driven off and he again escaped. On river of same name, which enters sea 13 m east of Matata. Has splendid climate, good shooting and deep sea fishing. The derivation of the word Whakatane is as follows:—A Matatua war canoe landed here at a place called Te Hahaina, just inside the heics, to find a cave called Te Aua-o-Muriwai (the cave of Muriwai) and named by one Irakewa. The Natives got out and left the canoe with one Maori in it on the beach. The tide came in and the canoe started to make away. The Maori called to the others, who were cutting up the land, but they did not hear him. A woman named Wairaka. however, heard him, and exclaimed. "Kia whakatane ake ahau" (I'll stand up as a man) and went and assisted to bring the canoe back on the beach. Resident Dr.
WHAKATO. Portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
WHAKATU, Hawke's Bay. Railway siding nine miles from Napier, on the Napier-Wellington line. Hastings, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Waka-tu probably signifies that a stand was made here by some of the Maoris in the early days of their tribal battles, several of which were fought in the vicinity.
WHAKAWHITIRA. Waiapu River, Waiapu Countv.
WHALE. A siding 5 m from Foxton. on the Foxton-Sanson tramway. Rongotea. is the nearest post office. "Named by T. M. M'Kenzie after a. hill here which resembles the shape of a whale.
WHALE. Survey district near Canarvon.
WHALE ISLAND. In Bay of Plenty, 5 m north-west of Whaka­tane River entrance. Native name Motutura. A whaling station was established here in 1833 by a Scotch settler named Gilbert Mair. See Opotiki.
WHALERS CREEK. Mahikapawa.
WHANA, Hawke's Bay. Sheep station and district. 43 m W. from Napier. Rail to Hastings, then coach tri-wkly 31 m. Post office, nearest telephone office Fenihill, 24 m.
WHANAKAO MT. Near Hikurangi.
WHANANAKI, Auckland. Situated on the East Coast, 121 miles north-east from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, rail to Hikurangi, thence by hire 15 m; in IWarsden County. A small eawmilling settlement with store and boarding house, but no hotel. Post and telephone office. Mails arrive Tuesday and Saturday, steamer weekly also from Auckland.
WHANAOKENA ISLAND. Most E. point of N.Z., off east coast.
WHANGAMARINO, Auckland. 50 m S. from Auckland by rail. Situated between the Waikato and Whangamarino Rivers. Nearest telegraph office is at Mercer, six miles distant. The settlers are chiefly employed in cattle and sheep farming, but there are some large wattle plantations, which yield many tons of bark yearly; the Government wattle plantation and experimental farm being situated at the southern end of the district, where they have erected a large mill for grinding the bark. Fruit growing for the Auckland market is also an important industry of this district, most of the farmers having from one to nine acres in fruit trees. Shooting is considered very good here. Ducks and all native game are easily obtainable on both the Waikato and Whangamarino Rivers, but sportsmen complain that pheasants, at one time plentiful here, are scarce this season ; quail, however, are multiplying fast, the plantations proving excellent cover. There is no fishing to speak of. Dr. at Huntly, 15 m
WHANGAMATA, Auckland. Small gum digging and mining township and Maori district on harbour and river of same name. On the east coast of Thames Peninsula, 22 miles overland in direct route from Thames (no communication), and 104 miles south-east from Auck­land by weekly steamer (25s). A hotel, one boarding house (6s per day), and several stores in township; in Thames County. Large areas of alluvial and swamp land in this district, now in the hands of the Crown, but through want of drainage are not yet available for settlement. Good fishing and shooting. Nearest telegraph and doctor Waihi, 22 m. Name means "flying bullet."
WHANGAMOA. 25 miles north-east from Nelson. Situated at junction of Whangamoa and Collins Rivers; by coach Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Trout fishing plentiful. A favourite locality of the red deer, affording splendid sport to the deerstalker ; some of the finest heads ob­tained in New Zealand having been got within a mile of the accommodation house, one of 14 points and another splendid beast with 15 points. Fair quail shooting and good wild pig hunting, also goats and wood-pigeon in the winter. Good sea fishing within four miles. Telephone and post office. Nels<5n-to-Blenheim coach passes through tri-weekly. Boarding can be had for 6s per day or 30s per week. "Whangamoa" means the "Place of the moa bird."
WHANGAMOA HILL (1120ft). In Nelson province on road to Nelson.
WHANGAMOA VALLEY. Continuation of Rai Valley at foot of Whangamoa Hill.
WHANGAMOMONA, Taranaki. 69 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Ngatimaru, thence coach 12 miles (Wed. and Fri.j. In county of same name, council office being here. Telephone and post office. Public Library. Agricultural district. Cheese factory, store, and hotel. Is 20 m from Tangarahau Gorge, one of the finest piece of natural scenery in the North Island, and by way of which Auckland may be reached. .Doctor at Stratford. 39 m.
WHANGAMUMU. Telephone office and whaling station. See Rawhiti (nearest post office) and Russell.
WHANGANUI. Island in Coromandel Harbour.
WHANGAOKENA. Maori name for East Island.
WHANGAPARA, Auckland. 53 miles from Auckland, by steamer weekly. On Great Barrier Island. Gum digging, gold mining. Post office. Dr. at Whangapara Wharf. 3 m. Nearest telegraph office is Auckland.
WHANGAPARAOA, Auckland. On river of same name, 6 in inland, in Hauraki Gulf; 30 m north from Auckland by daily coach (Devonport-Wellesford), 5s; or by daily steamers (fares, 3s and 5s) to Wade, thence 6 m by coach. Kauri gum digging and fruit growing settlement. Pheasant, rabbit, and pukaki shooting. Private board 4s per day. Is a peninsula extending along the north bank of the river as far as the township of Wade (or Weiti). The post office is in Kareparo Bay, better known as Arkle's Bay Return fares at present, Is 6d. Two boarding-houses. The number of pleasant bays render the district a favourite holiday resort. Shooting may be had by permission of the settlers. Post and telephone office. Bay of the same name, also peninsula which forms south side of the bay. becoming a popular seaside, resort.
WHANGAPARAPARA. Harbour. Great Barrier Island.
WHANGAPAROA. Known as Cape Runaway (postal name), which see.
WHANGAPE. Auckland. 241 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Onehunga, thence steamer 233 m. Sawmilling. Post and telephone office. Mails weekly. Has a funnel-shaped harbour. Nearest doctor at. Kaitaia. 30 m.
WHANGAPE. Lake and creek in Churchill district.
WHANGAPOUA, Auckland. Situated on east coast of Hauraki Peninsula; 52 m S.E. by wkly stmr from Auckland; in Coromandel County. Post and telephone office. A gold mining and timber settle­ment, also gum digging, with stoiv and boarding house: also a direct steamer from Auckland, fare 20s. Pheasant, quail, and duck shooting; also eood fishinir. Dr. at Coromandei.
WHANGAPUA STREAM. Flows into Waikato River.
WHANGARA. 16 miles north from Gisborne by bi-weekly coach (12s 6d return). Sheep and dairy farming district. Sea and river fishing; also pheasant, duck, and pigeon shooting. Post office. Nearest telegraph office is at Pakarae, 2 m distant. Dr. at Gisborne. Name means “Bay of the Sun." Island of same name, 195ft high, 3 ½ m south-west of Gable End Foreland.
WHANGARAE. Mainly a Maori settlement. See Croixelles. which is the posstal name.
WHANGARATA, Auckland. Fanning district, 38 miles south by rail from Auckland: in Manukau County. Post office. Tuakau, three miles, is the nearest telegraph station. No hotel, private board, or stores here. Plenty of duck shooting. Creamery. Name means "Branch of a rata tree." Doctor at Tuakau. 3 m.
WHANGAREI, Auckland. Thriving seaport and borough town; in Marsden County; 84 miles north-west from Auckland, and one of the prettiest settlements of the North Island. There is a picturesque harbour with numerous small bays, which afford good shelter in bad weather to the smaller craft that ply to outlying settlements. The town ;.s three miles from Kioreroa terminus, and trains connect with steamer in and out as required (fare, 1s). Steamers to and from Auckland daily (22s 6d return saloon, 15s single saloon).
The chief support of Whangarei is coal, dairy, and timber in­dustries, but it is also the centre (for about 80 miles around) of an extensive agricultural and pastoral country; the export of oranges, lemons, and fruit, which thrive well here—soil being volcanic and rich —is becoming au important and increasing export. The Hikurangi coal mine, 10 miles distant by rail, ships large quantities from this port. Coal is also being mined at Whamvhau, 3 m off. Travellers desirous of seeing the kauri tree in all its glory, together with some very fine scenery, will find the trip to this district very satisfactory. Numbers of these immense kauri logs are sent down for shipment from Whangarei. Kauri gum digging is also associated with the timber felling, and a fair trade is done with this article.
The dairy industry has now become an important one. Freezing and butter works are well established, which are supported mainly by small factories in the out districts.
The Great Wairua Falls, the Niagara of New Zealand, is a great cataract over 300ft across. It lies about 17 miles from Whangarei, and is easily reached, driving or riding by the Maunu road, which passes through an excellent farming district, diversified by hill and dale, with some grand views over very beautiful country. The Whangarei Falls is also one of the sights of the district, and is within easy reach of every visitor, being only some three miles and a-half distant. Trains run to Hukerenui, a distance of 23 m. Other points of interest are the Abbey Caves, Wairoa Falls. Ruamanga Falls, Laureston Rocks, at Waro. and the mineral springs at Kamo.
The kauri forest of Puhipuhi, of great beauty and extent, is situated about 20 miles to the north of Whangarei.
Whangarei is well laid out and lighted by gas; good water and sewerage system; population of town 3000, county 8216. There are several good hotels and private boarding-houses, three banks, and hospital, post, telegraph, and money order offices; county, municipal, and Government offices; library, ete. Good sea fishing in harbour, and pheasant shooting. Cycling roads throughout district, very fair. Branch rail runs from here to Kawakawa, 54 m, and then to Opua (Bay of Islands), thus connecting two harbours. There is one daily and one tri-weekly newspaper, and there is a telephone bureau.
Whangarei district is very rich in mineral springs, which are situated in the Kamo, about 4 m On river of same name, the meaning of the name being "a place of ambuscade or concealment." Resident Dr.
WHANGAREI HARBOUR. Situated north-west of Auckland. Settlements on harbour are Whangarei. Mangapai, Parua Bay, and many others two or three miles inland.
WHANGAREI HEADS, Auckland. 72 miles north-west by steamer from Auckland at frequent intervals. Post and telephone office. A peninsula on the northern entrance of Whangarei Harbour.
Lime-burning and farming. Climate equable and healthy all the year Boarding house, 20s weekly. Good fishing. Dr. at Whangarei, 15 m
WHANGARIPO, Auckland. 58 miles N. from Auckland. Rail to Wellsford, then 3 m. Hilly sheep country. Healthy climate. Post office. Nearest doctor and telegraph office Wellsford.
WHANGAROA, Auckland. Small settlement and harbour, 168 miles north-west by weekly steamer from Auckland. The calm, deep waters of this harbour are land-locked by curious hills; on the south the domed summit of St. Paul's rises above the township, to the west are the Taratara and Maungataniwha Hills, to the north St. Peter's, while towards the sea the rounded heights of Peach Island and the Haystack stand on either side of the rocky entrance. The top of St. Paul's is easily reached from the wharf, and the view well repays one for the short climb. In the early part of last century (1809) the crew of the ship Boyd were all massacred here by the Maoris. The ship lies sunk in the harbour.
Copper ore has been discovered within a few miles of the township, and syndicates formed to develop same; great hopes are entertained for the success. Good shooting and fishing. Post, telephone and money order office. One hotel, but no private boarding house.
The Rev. Samuel Marsden established his first mission station at Kaeo (which see), at the head of the harbour, and in 1822 the Rev. Saml. Leigh established the Wesleyan mission at Whangaroa.
"Whangaroa" means "Long waiting," from a Maori war party that had to spend a considerable time in the harbour waiting for a dense fog to lift before they could proceed on their journey. Doctor at Kaeo, 6 m.
WHANGAROA BAY. Outside Wangaroa Harbour.
WHANGARURU, Auckland. 120 m from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, then rail to Hikurangi, thence 32 miles by horse hire. A native district situated on a fine harbour. Very little back country un­broken. Whale and good deep sea fishing. In Bay of Islands County. Mail service weekly. Nearest telegraph office is at Hikurangi. Name means "Place of shelter." Dr. at Hikurangi.
WHANGATEAU. 52 miles north by steamer bi-weekly from Auckland. Farming and gum digging district. Good fishing. Mails weekly. Post and telephone office. In north-west corner of Little Omaha Bay; in Whangateau Harbour. Dr. at Warkworth, 12 m. Used to be called Opango.
WHANUI. See Mitimiti.
WHARANUI. Telegraph office; in Marlborou gh. Name means "native flax."
WHARAU. See Wainuioru.
WHARAWHARA. At entrance to Paterson's Inlet, which see.
WHAREAMA. 98 miles from Wellington. Rail to Masterton, thence tri-weekly roach (13s return) 27 m. Post and telephone, sheep-farming. Doctor at Ti Nui, 8 m.
WHAKEAMA RIVER. On east coast of North Island.
WHARE FLAT, Otago. Farming settlement, nine miles north­west by hire from Dunedin; in Taieri County. Post office. Nearest telegraph station is Halfway Bush, six miles distant. Good rabbit shooting and trout fishing in vicinity. Holiday resort. Has a private sana­torium for consumptives, where excellent results are obtaired.
WHAREHINE, Auckland. Sheep and cattle district settlement, 69 miles north-west from Auckland. Rail to Hoteo, thence 10 miles. Private board, 4s per day. Port Albert, 6 m distant, is nearest telegraph office. Mail service bi-weekly. On Kaipara River. Doctor at Wellsford, 10 m.
WHAREHINE. Peninsula running to within 4 m of Kaipara Hr
WHAREHINE RIVER. Runs into Kaipara Harbour.
WHAREHUANUI. Otago. Formerly a digging township, but now a successful farming district, in Lake County; 116 m west by rail and steamer from Invercargill. Take rail to Kingston, steamer to Queenstown, then drive eight miles. Roads too hilly for cycling. Has no hotel or private boarding. Was also called Miller's Flat and Malaghan's. Trout fishing. Telegraph office Queenstown (7 m), or Arrowtown (5 m), where doctor is.
WHAREHUNGA, Maryborough. 34 m N.E. from Blenheim. Rail to Picton, then steam alternate Wed. (3s). Post and telegraph. On sunny and sheltered side of Arapawa Island. One of the prettiest spots in Queen Charlotte Sound.
WHAREKAHIKA. See Hick's Bay and Te Araroa.
WHAREKAKA. Native settlement on Mauea River. Gisborne.
WHAREKAWA, Auckland. 124 miles from Auckland by weekly steamer, or 30 miles overland from Thames. Mining and gumdigging. Mail service bi-weekly. Nearest telegraph office Omhu, 16 m. Stream of same name falls into sea 4 m south-west of Slipper Island. Also name of range near Thames. Doctor at Waihi, 25 m.
WHAREKIIA MT. Near Hikurangi Mt.
WHAREKOPAE, Auckland. 32 miles north-west from Gisborne. Coach tri-weekly to Patutahi (which is nearest telegraph office), thence 28 miles.
WHAREKURI, Otago. Small farming and sheep district, 48 miles north from Oamaru, on Waitaki River. Rail to Kurow, thence coach 6 m (3s 6d) Wednesday and Saturday; in Waitaki County. Post and telephone. Good roads for cycling. "Wharekuri " means "dog's kennel." In olden days the boundary between two runs was often marked by dogs chained in kennels to keep sheep back in their owners' runs. Good fishing and shooting. Coal mining. Doctor at Kurow, by telephone.
WHAREONGAONGA. Near Murewai, a Native settlement.
WHAREORA, Auckland. Fruit-growing and farming settlement, situated on Whangarei Peninsula; 101 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, thence 8 miles by road; in Whangarei County. Post office. Whangarei is the nearest telegraph station; also some valuable coal deposits. "Whareora'' means "The house that never dies." Waterfall;-springs, two large caves and good shooting. Dr. at Whangarei.
WHAREPAPA. A railway station 35 miles from Auckland, on the Auckland-Kaipara Flats line. Woodhill, two miles off, is nearest post office.
WHAREPOA. 13 miles by steamer from Thames. Solendid dairying district, Cryer's Landing is the name of the wharf where the steamers from Auckland land. Wild duck and pheasant shooting. Nearest telegraph office Omahu, 4 m. Post office. May also be reached by rail to Wharepoa Road station, thence 1 m. On river Thames. Dr. at Paeroa 9 m.
WHAREPOA ROAD. A railway siding 136 miles from Auck­land, on the Frankton Junction-Thames line, and 12 miles from Thames. See Wharepoa. Nearest Dr. at Paeroa, 7 m.
WHAREPONGA, Auckland. 72 miles north-east from Gisborne. Steamer to Waipiro Bay (30s and 20s), thence four miles; in Waiapu County. Name means "House made of slabs of fern trees" (ponga). Maori pah with no European residents excepting the school teachers in Native school. Nearest telegraph and doctor Waipiro Bay, 4 m. 1 m south is Rangitoto, 960ft high, the highest of this part of the coast range. Dr. at Waipiro Bay.
WHARERATA, Auckland. 27 miles south from Gisborne. By coach Monday and Thursday. Coach passes through here on to Wairou from Gisborne. Roads good for cycling in summer. Boarding can be had for 30s per week. "Wharerata" means "House made of the rata tree." Junction of roads to Morere hot springs, Wairoa, Mahia, and Nuhaka. Situated 1800ft above sea level, overlooking same. Post and telephone bureau. Dr. at Gisborne.
WHAREROA, Taranaki. Railway siding 50 miles south from New Plymouth, on the New Plymouth-Wanganui line. Havvera, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
WHARETOA, Otago. 85 m S. from Dunedin. Rail to Waiwera South, then 18 m; or rail to Balclutha, then boat (5s) to Clydevale (Upper), then 5 m. Deer stalking and fishing. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Clydevale (Upper).
WHARIE CREEK. Tributary Waiau River.
WHARIE RANGE. 6 ½ m from Fortrose.
WHARITI MT. (2956ft) Near Woodville.
WHARUARIMU, Otago. 97 m S. from Dunedin. Rail to Catlins River, then coach weekly 20 m (7a 6d). Small farming district, near coast, with post and telephone. Shooting (pigeons and wild pig) and fishing. Doctor at Owaka, 20 m.
WHATAHARA. See Tatarariki.
WHATANIHI. 30 miles north-west from Blenheim. Coach daily to Havelock (7s 6d), thence steamer 6 miles bi-weekly (2s 6d), orlaunch weekly (Tues.) from Picton, returning following day (8s return). Sheep-farming district. Post and telephone. Ideal camping place. Good fishing and deer stalking. Doctor at Havelock, 6 m.
WHATAPU. See Resolution Bay.
WHATATUTU, Auckland. Situated on Waipaoa River, 30 m north-west from Gisborne. Rail to Puha, thence coach daily 7 m (3s 6d single, 7s return): in Cook County. Post, tel., and money order office. A sheep run district. Oil springs in vicinity. Mail service diiily. One hotel. Dr. at Te Karaka, 9 m.
WHATAUPOKO. A portion of the borough of Gisborne.
WHATAWHATA, Auckland. Situated on Waipa River, 90 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Frankton, thence 6 miles, coach tri­weekly; in Waipa County. Post, money order, and telephone office. A farming district. Hotel, and two stores in township. Steamer plys to and from Huntly every Monday. Creamery. Doctor at Hamilton, 8 miles. Here were extensive kumera (or sweet potato) grounds of the old Maoris, and was a place of some importance with them. An early traveller says he visited here in 1840, crossing down the Waipa in a kopupa (or river canoe) from the plains of Matuketuke, when there was here about 1000 Natives assembled.
WHATIPO. See Waikaremoana.
WHATIPU. See Huia.
WHATIWHATIHOE. Is under Pirongia mountain (Auckland province) at junction of Puniu and Waipa Rivers., Once a royal village where dwelt the Maori King of the King Country. See Pirongia.
WHATUWHIWHI, Auckland. Native settlement and post oihee, 8 miles by sea from Mangonui. Steamer to Mangonui from Auckland, then special launch.
WHAU, Auckland. The old Maori name for Avondale, which see.
WHAUWHAU. See Whangarei.
WHEATSTONE, Canterbury. Farming settlement, 62 . miles south from Christchurch and nine miles from Ashburton. Rail toTinwald, thence by mail cart daily, seven miles; fare, 2s 6d return, or by Long-beach coach daily. In Ashburton County. No store or hotel here. Nearest township and telegraph office is Ashburton. Post office here.
WHENUAHOU. Railway siding 61 miles from Napier.
WHENUAKITE Auckland. 95 m E. from Auckland. Steamer bi-weekly to Mercury Bay (20s), then launch tri-weekly (summer), bi­weekly (winter), 6 m (1s 6d). Post office.
WHENUAKURA, Taranaki. Railway siding and farm settle­ment 45 miles north by rail from Wanganui; in Ohura County. Post and telephone office. One hotel. Creamery. On May 13, 1870, a skirmish with Maori rebels occurred here, when 45 rebels were taken prisoners. Name means "Red earth." Dr. at Patea, 4 m.
WHENUAKURA. Tributary of Waikaka River.
WHENUAKURA RAILWAY 37 m north by rail from Wanganui. Farming district. Nearest telegraph office and Dr. At Waverley, 4 m.
WHETU. Hill near Pahiatua,
WHETUKURA, Hawke's Bay. 70 milee from Napier. Rail to Ormondville, thence four miles; in Waipawa County. Mail service daily. Post and telephone and telegraph. During the Maori war the Maoris signalled from this place to the neighbouring pa to warn the inhabitants to bury their treasure. Name means "bright star." Rivers well stocked with trout. Three timber mills and butter factory. Quail, pheasant, and hare shooting; wild pigs and pigeons plentiful. Bracing climate, 2 m from Manawatu River. Dr. at Ormondville. 4 m. Climate very suitable for invalids.
WHETURAU, Auckland. 42 m from Gisborne. By train to Puha, then coach tri-wkly 10 m. Sheep-farming. On Waipaoa River. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Te Karaka, 22 m.
WHIRINAKI, Auckland. On Hokianga River, 208 miles north­west by steamer from Auckland to Rawene, then launch wkly 10 m; in Hokianga County. Post and telegraph office. Maori settlement, with a few European settlers. Pheasant, duck, and pigeon shooting. Doctor at Rawene. Name means "to lean."
WHIRINAKI STREAM. Flows into Waikato River.
WHISKEY CREEK. Tributary of Waimumu Stream.
WHISKEY CREEK. Ararimu S. district.
WHITCOMBE. See Waikaia.
WHITCOMBE. See Teremakau.
WHITCOMBE PASS. Southern Alps between Ashburton and Westland.
WHITE BLUFF, N. of mouth of Awatere River.
WHITE BURN. South side Von River.
WHITE CHAPEL FLAT. 5 m from Arrowtown.
WHITE CLIFFS, Canterbury. The terminus of the Christchurch-White Cliffs railway. 42 m N.W. Telegraph and money order office and savings bank. There is a brown coal colliery and two -or three sheep farms here. No store or hotel. Nearest township Glentunnel, three miles distant. Very good clay for pottery and pipe works; also good stone for lime-making here. Named by Lady Barker, authoress of "Station Life in New Zealand." Doctor at Darfield. 11 m.
WHITECLIFFS, Auckland. See Mitimiti.
WHITE CLIFFS. In Taranaki district, on the way to which the Rev. J. Whitely was killed by the Maoris on February 28, 1869, when a general massacre took place. Old name was Pukearuhe.
WHITE CLIFFS. High cliffs on Buller road.
WHITE COMBE, Otago. Southland County. 157 miles from Dunedin, or 25 miles by road from Waikaia, which see. Rail from Dunedin to Waikaia.
WHITE HORSE TERRACE. Near Brighton, Charleston.
WHITE ISLAND. Off St. Clair, Dunodin.
WHITE ISLAND. A conical island in the Bay of Plenty, formed by the summit of an extinct volcanic mountain rising out of deep water. The crater is occupied by a lake of strong mineral water, which a fed by intermittent geysers and boiling springs surrounding it. All these waters are intensely acid, and deposit sulphate of lime ; while the accompanying vapours form irregular deposits of pure sulphur. The first water is too powerful to be used medicinally in its natural state, but might be turned to valuable account in certain chemical manufactures. See also Opotiki. A tradition among the Maoris ascribes the origin of fire to this island. which they name Waikare. It lies 27 m from the shore and 38 m south from Cape Runaway, is 4 m in circumference and 1075ft high. In the west end of the crater is a blow-hole from which escapes dense clouds of steam rising to great height. A large lake filling the crater is constantly blowing off fumes. The colour of the island is really yellow, not white.
WHITEMANS VALLEY. See Silverstream.
WHITE MT. West Coast road.
WHITE PINE GULLY. Near Mahikapawa.
WHITE ROCK. Greenstone quarry, near North Loburn.
WHITE ROCKS. See Alma and Weston.
WHITES BAY. Old telegraph station between N. and S. Islands, but now used as Peering station, and is N. of Cloudy.Bay.
WHITE SOW VALLEY. Near Wedderburn, which see.
WHITE'S POINT, Nelson. Mining settlement, 46 miles cast from Westport by tri-weekly coach; in Inangahua County, on Buller River. Now known as Newton Flat, which see.
WHITEWATER RIVER. Near Castle Hill, West Coast road.
WHITFORD, Auckland. Situated on Hauraki Golf; 20 milessouth-east by coach from Auckland (2s 6d) to Howick, thence six miles, or steamer daily except Frid. (1s 6d return); in Manukau County. Farming, and brick and tile works. No hotel or boarding-house. There is also a weekly steamer from Auckland (fare: Is 6d single, 2s 6d return). Named after a place in Scotland by early settlers. Store, post and telephone. Butter factory. On Tauranga Creek. Doctor at Howick weekly, but resident at Otahuhu.
WHITIANGA, Auckland. Situated at head of Mercury Bay and month of Whitianga River. On the coast, in Coromandel County; 80 m. S.E. from Auckland. Steamers depart from Auckland Monday and Friday, returning Tuesday and Saturday (fares : £1 single, £1 10s return). Pheasants and ducks plentiful, also -wild pigs. Good schnapper, trevalli, mullet, etc., fishing; all close to town­ship. Kauri timber and gumdigging. Dairying, with butter factory. Private board 20s per week. Two hotels, two churches—one unsec tarian, one R.C. Public library and reading room. Hospital, court­house. Connected by good horse roads with Tairua, Kuaotuna, Opitonui, Gumtown, and Coromandel. Post, telegraph, and money order office. One of the early landing places of Captain Cook. Name means "the crossing."
WHITIMANUKA. Near Greytown North.
WHITMORE. See Linton and Longbnrn.
WHITNEAU. See Woodgrove.
WHITSTONE. Six miles from Oamaru; in Waitaki County. Rail to Weston, thence two miles. Farming district. Nearest telegraph office Enfield, one and a-quarter miles. Post office.
WHITSTONE. Fawning settlement, Weston.
WICKLIFFE BAY, Otago. A small bay on the seaward side of the Otago Peninsula. A cattle and sheep run principally, with one or two small farm residences in neighbourhood. Portobello is the postal district.
WIGAN. A Government settlement at Mangaheia, near Gisborne.
WILBERFORCE RIVER. In Malvern Hills district.
WILD BUSH, Southland. 30 miles south-west from Invercargill. Rail to Riverton, thence four miles; in Wallace County. Farming district. Good trout fishing and pigeon, etc., shooting. Nearest telegraph office Gummies Bush, 3 m. Is bounded on one side by the Aparima River, and on the other by the Purakino; noted for the wild bush scenery. Several saw mills. Dr. at Riverton.
WILD CATTLE HILL (2036ft). Pigeon Bay, Banks Peninsula.
WILLOW BANK. Railway siding, 8 m from Gore, Waikaka line.
WILLOWBANK. Suburb of Christchurch.
WILLOW BANK. See Athenree.
WILLOWBRIDCE, South Canterbury. Railway siding 103 miles from Dunedin, and 27 m S. from Timaru; on Dunedin-Christchurch line. Post and telegraph office. Named by a settlers named Buchanan after an old bridge made of willows on his estate. Doctor at Waimate. 5 m. Farming district.
WILLOWBY, Canterbury. 61 miles south from Christchurch. Rail to Winslow, thence two miles; in Ashburton County. Post and telephone office. One of the many farm settlements of the Canterbury Plain, and it is near here that the famous Long Beach Estate is situated. Is seven miles from Ashburton. Named after the"Willow farm" in the district, where there are numbers of willow
trees. Dr. at Ashburton, 7m.
WILLOWFORD. See Waikonini.
WILLOWS. SeeWinton. WILMOT LAKE. On Pyke's road, Invercargill.
WILSON BAY. See Brightlands.
WILSON'S CROSSING. A railway station 12 miles from Invercargill on Invercargill- Kingston line. Ryal Bush is nearest post office. Named after Hv. Wilson's farm beside the railway.
WILSON'S LEAD. An outskirt of Addisons.
WILSON'S RIVER. In Preservation Inlet. Good alluvial diggings here in the early days, now desolate. See Cromarty.
WILSON'S SIDING, Canterbury. Railway siding 17 miles from Christchurch, on the Christchurch-Oxford line. Kaiapoi, three miles distant, and Ohoka, two miles, are nearest post offices.
WILTSHIRE BAY. A favourite seaside resort. See Port Molyneux, Kaka Point, Nuggets, and Romabapa.
WIMBLEDON, Hawke's Bay. Sheep-farming settlement, with ihotel and store; 87 m S. from Napier, near the coast. Post and telephone. In Patangata County. Rail to Dannevirke, thence coach tri­weekly (17s 6d) 45 m. Named after Wimbledon, England. On Wainui River, 6 m from the coast and 9 m from Cape Turnagain, where wool, etc., is shipped. Doctor at Ti Tree Point, 8 ½ m.
WINCHESTER, Canterbury. Small agricultural township and .railway station on Waihi River, 15 miles north from Timaru. Flour and flaxmills here, one hotel, private board may be arranged. Splendid cycling roads, telegraph and money order offices, etc. There is not much shooting, excepting hares, but Winchester is the centre for perhaps the best trout fishing in N.Z., and visitors come from almost all parts of the world. Winchester is situated in a very fertile district, with splendid roads, the sea being accessible (eight miles) on the one hand and the hills on the other (seven miles). The climate is pleasant and cheerful, with plenty of sunshine, and is a very suitable and healthy place for invalids. A college erected here, and there is a domain of several acres well planted with shrubs, etc. Named by Inwood, a settler, after .Winchester, England. Used to be called Waihi Crossing. Dr. at Temuka, 4 m. Winchester River is a tributary of Temuka River.
WINCHMORE, Canterbury. A small farming settlement with post office, 62 m S. from Christchurch. Rail to Ashburton, then bi­weekly coach 10 m. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, Ashburton. See also Porowhita.
WINDERMERE, Canterbury. Railway siding 170 miles, from Dunedin and 61 from Christchurch, on the Dunedin-Christchurch line. Winslow, 2 m distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Named after the Windermere estate by the late E. G. Wright, M.P. Dr. at Ashburton, 8 m.
WINDLE Government settlement for workers' dwellings ?'in Mornington borough near Dunedin.
WINDSOR, Canterbury. Small outlying suburb of Christchurch, in the Avon district, lying between Richmond and Burwood.
WINDSOR, Otago. Railway siding 12 miles west from Oamaru, at the junction of the Oamaru-Tokarahi and Oamaru-Ncapara lines; in Waitaki County. Post and telephone office. Named by late E.Menlove, of Windsor Park estate. Is the post office for Elderslie, and Corriedale (now called Plunket (settlement). Dr. at Ngapara, 5 m.
WINDWHISTLE HOUSE, Canterbury. Post office and half­way stopping place on coach route from Glentunnel to Lake Coleridge; 51 miles west irom Christchurch. Rail to Glentunnel, thence by coach on Friday 16 miles; fare 5s. Is there miles from Rakaia Gorge. Fair cycling road from Glentuncel to Lake Coleridge, but no hotel or boarding Named from its windy position. Nearest telegraph office Glentunnel.
WINFIELD. See Rock and Pillar.
WINGATUI, Otago. Railway siding nine miles south from Dunedin, on the Dunediin-Invercargill line. Mosgiel is two miles distant. Wingatui is the site of the racecourse for Dunedin Jockey Club. Post office. Wingatui is the junction of the Dunedin-Clyde (Otago Central) line. Nearest telegraph and doctor are at Mosgiel. The name was given by late Win. Stephenson about the year 1858. While shooting one day he wounded a tui, but it flew away. A spec­tator remarked that he had "winged a tui bird." Mr Stephenson then said he would name his farm in memory of the circumstances, " Wing-a-tui."
WINGS HILL. Near Huia.
WINIATA. Railway siding, 159 m N. from Wellington. Nearest post and telegraph office, Taihape (2 m), which see.
WINSCOMBE, Canterbury. Railway siding 36 miles from Timaru, on the Timaru-Fairlie line. Fairlie, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
WINSLOW, Canterbury. 59 miles by rail from Christchurch and six miles from Ashburton ; in Ashburton County. Post, telegraph, and railway station. Farming settlement. Dr. at Ashburton.
WINTERSLOW MT. (5578ft). A peak of Mt. Somers Range.
WINTERTON RIVER. Tributary of Awatere River.
WINTON, Southland. Borough town with a population of about 600. Is situated on the Oreti or New River, in the centre of a rich farming district; 19 miles north from Inyercargill, on the Kingston line of railway. Several industries, including sawmills, agricultural im plement works, and meat preserving. There are three hotels (private board also obtainable), a weekly newspaper, and a branch bank; post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and Government offices. Half holiday held here on Wednesday. Excellent trout fishing in river, and good pigeon, duck, and rabbit shooting near at hand. Coaches to Oreti Plains and Heddon Bush Monday and Friday, 8.30 a.m., return­ing same days, 4 p.m. Good cycling roads. Named after Winton, a cattle drover, who herded cattle in the early days. A creek close by was called Winton Creek, and when township was surveyed name of Winton was given. Resident doctor.
WINTON BURN. West side Mararoa River.
WIREO. Native settlement 9 m south-west of Whangamata.
WIRI, Auckland. 14 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Papatoetoe, then 3 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Papatoetoe. Doctor visits weekly.
WIRI WIRI. See Purerua.
WIROKINE. Cattle and sheep farming. Church, school, and flaxmill; 6 m from Levin and 5 m from Kopetarua. Extends to sea coast between Levin and Foxton. See Shannon for post office.
WIROKINO FERRY. 3 ½ m from Foxton across Manawatu River.
WITIREIA. In Porirua (which see), on south-west- of North Island, 13 miles north by rail from Wellington.
WIWAKA. Near Masterton.
WOODBURN. See Orowai.
WOODBURY, Canterbury. 30 miles north from Timaru. Rail to Orari, thence daily coach 10 m (5s return); in Geraldine County. Post and telegraph office. Wood felling for firewood and sheep an mixed farming are chief occupations of settlement. No hotel or boarding-house here. Is within 2 m of Waihi range, and there are m*ny camp­ing grounds within reach. Good fishing with fly in Orari, Waihi, or Temouna Rivers, all half hour drive. Ant;, and Presb. churches, school, and store Picturesque park and swimming baths. Roads good for motoring. Deposits of coal and nold have been found. Dr. 5 m by telephone.
WOODCOCKS. 59 miles north from Auckland by rail. Nearest telegraph, Kaipara Flats, 3j m. Farming and grazing district. Post office. Named after a farmer who owned a large farm near railway station. Doctor at Warkworth. 7 ½ m.
WOOD CREEK. Tributary of New River.
WOODEND, Canterbury. Well-settled fruit-growing and farming township 16 miles north from Christchurch, on sea coast. Rail to Kaiapoi, thenoe Waikuku coach four miles (1s); in Ashley County. Flour and naxmills and bacon curing are the onlv works in township. A hotel and private boarding house. Good roads. Mechanics' Insti­tute, library, and Oddfellows' Hall suitable for entertainments; post, telephone, and money order office nnd savings bank. Doctor at Kaiapoi.
WOODEND, Southland. A railway siding six miles from Invercargill, on the Invercargill-Bluff line. Awarua Plains is nearest post and telegraph office.
WOODCROVE,Canterbury. 58 m north from Christchurch by rail to Hawarden, then coach 4 m (3s return). Sheep fanning and agricultural district. Good roads for cycling. Shooting good. Store, post and telephone and school. Dr. at Waikare. 8 m. Named by 3. O'CaiToll, who purchased land from one Wood, and as it was sur­rounded by a grove of plantations was named Woodgrove.
WOODHAUGH. A suburb of Dunedin, which see. Telegraph office.
WOOOHILL, Auckland. A railway siding and farm settlement, 33 miles north by rail from Auckland. In Waitemata County. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Helensville. 5 m
WOOD ISLETS. Two small islets in N. part of Port Abercrombie.
WOODLANDS, Southland. Centre of a flourishing agricultural and pastoral district, 12 miles north-east by rail from Invercargill. Meat preserving works, sawmills, and dairy factory in township. Lignite is found in neighbouring hills and largely utilised by the farmers. Roads are fair for cycling. Good shooting—duck and rabbit—and excellent trout fishing within a few miles. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank office, boarding-house. No-license district
WOODLANDS. Hawke's Bay. See Woodville.
WOODLANDS Marlborough. See Brightlands.
WOODLANDS. Nelson. See Brightwater.
WOODLAW, Southland. Railway siding 40 m from Rivet-ton, on the Riverton-Nightcaps line. Wairio, 3 miles, is nearest post and telephone.
WOODLEIGH, Auckland. 74 miles from Auckland. Rail to Mercer or Rangiriri, launch to Glen Murray or Awaroa, then horse 9 or 6 miles. Situated on the crest of a wooded range about eight miles from the west coast and 25 from the Waikato. Standing as it does 800ft above sea level, very fine views are to be obtained on a clear day; from certain points Mount Egmont may be seen 80 miles off, supported by the bold outline of Karihoe and numerous hills. Several lakes are to be seen across the wide plain. The land is good sheep country, and is rapidly taken up. No boarding accommodation, but if there was a suit­able house it would make an ideal summer resort. Mail service weekly. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Pukekohe. 40 m.
WOODMAN'S CREEK. Tributary of Grey River.
WOODPECKER. BAY. Near Brighton, Charleston.
WOODSIDE, Auckland. See Kaeo and Manurewa.
WOODSIDE, Canterbury. See Oxford.
WOODSIDE. A railway siding 51 miles from Wellington. Matarawa, three miles distant, is nearest post office.
WOODSIDE, Otago. Sometimes called Maungatua. A prettily situated farming settlement on the Taieri Plains and a favourite picnic resort and drive from Dunedin; picturesque wooded creek with small waterfalls; three miles from Outram (which is nearest township, railway station, and 22 miles west from Dunedin. Good rabbit shooting everywhere, and trout fishing within a mile or so. One store and flourmill, but no hotel or boarding house. Post and telephone office. Named by late Francis McDiarmid. Doctor at Outram.
WOODSTOCK, Westland. Small gold mining centre, four miles south-east by daily coach from Hokitika (1s) ; in Westland Cocnty Situ­ated on the Hokitika River. Post and telephone office. Two hotels, sawmill, and store in township. Named by Mre E. Clements, after Sir Walter Scott's novel. The lower part of Woodstock is known as Arthurstown, named after a prospector called Arthur, from Arthur's Point, Otago. Dr. at Hokitika.
WOODTHORPE. See Puketapu.
WOODVILLE. Special settlement near Makuri.
WOODVILLE, Mangatainoka. Special settlement near Pahiatua.
WOODVILLE, Tiraumea. Special settlement, near Makairo.
WOODVILLE, Hawke's Bay. Three miles from Manawatu Biver «nd Gorge; 105 miles from Wellington, and 98 from Napier, on main line of railway. Formerly a part of the Seventy-mile Bush, but now a pro­sperous dairying settlement and borough of over 1,150 inhabitants, with thriving industries established ; dairy factory, cheese, butter, and creamery, freezing works, bacon factory, etc., tri-weekly newspaper (Examiner), branch Bank New Zealand, post, telegraph, and money order office. Several good hotels, private board from 20s per week. Best trout fishing North Island here. Good cycle roads. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Is the borough town, with Magistrate's Court, good schools, churches of chief denominations, and has splendid water supply. Coach runs from here to Kumeroa (10 miles) Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Town got its name through being situated in bush district, and means "Wood" or "Bush town." Woodville has 15 ½ m of formed streets, and a property value of £98,263, the revenue being £1911.
WOOLSHED STREAM. Tributary of the Jed, Cheviot.
WOOLSTON, Canterbury. A municipality, and a continuation of Christchurch City, 3 miles distant, either by electric car or train. Post and telegraph office., Sumner, the fashionable watering place of Christchurch, 5 miles off. is the tram terminus on this route.
WORRIER HILL. Ancient Maori camp. Kaituna Valley.
WORSER BAY, Wellington. A holiday and seaside resort on the shores of Wellington Harbour, five miles south-east by electric car to Miramar or Seatoun. No hotel, but several furnished cottages which can be rented at from 20s to 30s per week during the summer months. Boating, bathing, and fishing. Roads good for cycling. The road to Wellington passes over the Seatoun Heights, from which one of the finest views of Wellington can be obtained, or through tunnel. Post and telephone office, stoies, re­freshment rooms, etc. Whanganui-a-Tara, a spring noted for Maori lore is located here.
WORTLEY EOAD. See Inglewood.
WREY'S BUSH. Poet office for Annandale, with telephone. For descriptive matter see Annandale
WRICHT'S BUSH, Southland. Farming settlement, 14 miles by rail from Invercargill; in Southland County. Has a post and tele­phone office. Excellent trout fishing and shooting in the neighbour­hood. Fair cycle loads. Dairy factory.
WYE CREEK or GONE BURN. Running down the Remarkables into Lake Wakatipu.
WYE RIVER. 35 m west of Blenheim.
WYLIE'S CROSSING, Otago. 13 miles from Dunedin and one mile by rail from North Taieri, on the Mosgiel-Outram line. A farming district, with post and telephone. Situated on Taieri Plain, having a creamery. Trout and perch fishing. Duck, hare, and swamp turkey shooting. Named after a settler who once lived at the crossing of six roads here. Mosgiel, 3 m, is nearest doctor.
WYNDHAM, Otago. On Mataura River, 25 miles from mouth, at junction of Wyndham and Mimihau streams; 27 miles north­east by rail from Invercargill, on Edendale-Glenham line. Chiefly, a dairying centre; several dairy factories within a radius of 7 miles. Streams in township well stocked with trout and perch; good shooting all over district—cattle, wild pigs, etc., in back country, with duck, pigeon, kakas, etc., in neighbourhood. Excellent cycling roads in all directions. Two hotels, private board, 25s to 30s per week; two newspapers (Herald and Farmer), Bank N.Z., telegraph, money order, post, and public offices. Half-holiday on Wednesday. Resident doctor.
WYNENS BAY. Near entrance Pelorus Sound.