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Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand - T

TAAHUNATARA. Point on Whangapua stream. 17 m south of Rotorua. Spanned by bridge where Rotorua-Taupo road crosses.
TABLE CAPE. On Mahia Peninsula, Hawke's Bay.
TABLE FLAT, Wellington. 137 miles from Wellington. Rail to Feilding, then coach: in Oroua County. Situated at the foot of the Ruahine range on the banks of the Oroua. River. Mail service bi-weekly. Post and telephone office. Named from its geological formation. Sawmilling and dairy farming. Limestone caves in neighbourhood. Doctor at Apiti, 8 m.
TABLE HILL, Otago. 44 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Milton, thence eight miles hire; in Bruce County. The scenery from here is splendid, the Blue Mountains, Mount Maungatua. Kaitangata Lake, Molyneux Buy and many other towns and rivers being visible Trout fishing in l-ranch of Tokomairiro River. Post and telephone office. Gold mining; and farming. Named from a flat-topped hill here. Hematite mine here. Doctor at Milton. 7 m.
TABLE ISLAND. See Motonau Island, also Mana Island.
TABU POINT. Landing place on Kaeo-Whangaroa road.
TADMOR, Nelson. A farming and hop-growing settlement, in the Tadmor Valley; 42 miles from Nelson by rail . Post, telephone and money order office. Sawmilling and sluicing are carried on here. Good quail and deer shooting, and trout fishing; also good cycling roads. Board accommodation. 20s per week. Named after the town built by Solomon in the wilderness, from its isolated position at time of settlement. Nearest doctor at Tapawera, 5 miles.
TAEMARO, Auckland. 193 m N.E. from Auckland. Steamer to Mangonui (bi-weekly. 52s return), thence 10 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Mangonui. Taemaro is a fairly large Native settlement (where the Maoris, through very little contact with Europeans, retain many of their primitive customs); is situated one one of the many pretty bays which mark the far northern coast­line of New Zealand. Deep-sea fishing and game, both native and imported, provide sport all the year round.
TAENARO. See Mangonui.
TAHAKOPA, Otago. 96 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Catlins River, thence coach 18 m; in Clutha Co. Near coast. Small farming settlement. Pigeons and wild pig shooting, and trout in Tahakopa River. Whariiaiimn is post office for tliis place. Doctor at Owaka, 20 m.
TAHAROA. See Kawhia.
TAHAROA LAKK. S. of Maunganui Bluff. Auckland.
TAHATIKA, Otago. 85 m south from Dunedin. Rail to Owaka. thence nine miles; in Clutha County. A scattered farming district. Poet and telephone. Close to Owaka River, a good trout stream. Doctor at Owaka, 9 m.
TAHAWAI. Farming settlement, Kurow.
TAHAWAI. Local name for Tauranga.
TAH EKE, Auckland. 190 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Rawene (which see), then motor launch. 16 m, on tidal river Wainia; or steamer to Russell, then coach bi-wkly. 43 m. Coach to Bay of Islands and in summer to Kaihu; in Hokianga County. A Native settlement. Three stores, one hotel, and Maori school. Gum digging, flax, and farming chief trade. Good shooting (phea­sants, etc.) near at hand. "Taheke" means "Waterfall." Named from a waterfall here Post, telephone, and money order office.
TAHEKE RIVER. Branch of Hokianga Harbour.
TAHEKEROA, Auckland. 52 miles from Auckland by rail on the Auckland-Kaipara Flats line; fares, 6s 7d and 4s 5d. Doctor at Helensville, 14 m. Name means "Long succession of fall, or rapids," which exist here. Is situated on the upper waters of the Makarau River. Nearest tel., Ahuroa, 5 m.
TAHORA, Otago. A railway siding 71 miles from Dunedin, on the Balclutha Catlin's River line. Nearest post office Katea, and nearest telegraph Owaka. 2 m.
TAHORA, Taranaki. 83 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Te Wera. coach to Whangamomona (23 miles), thence 10 ½ m. Roads good for cycling in summer. Post and telephone office.
TAHORA, Central Otago. See Hindon.
TAHORAITI, Hawke's Bay. A railway siding 81 miles south from Napier, on the Napier-Wellington line. Dunnevirke, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Here a Maori hospital for the cure of rheumatism, where herbal baths, and medicines prepared from New Zealand plants are used, and for Natives only, is opened. Name means "small portion of flat country." Scandinavian immigrants settled here 1872.
TAHUA. See Papatawa.
TAHUIA PEAK (3300ft), Pelorus Sound.
TAHUNA, Nelson. A rising seaside resort 4 m from Nelson. Golf links.
TAHUNA. 114 miles south-east of Auckland. Situated on the Piako River, adjoining the great Piako Swamp, where the Crown owns 86,000 acres good land. Steamer runs fortnightly from Auckland to Tahuna. Flaxmill. dairy-farming. Nearest doctor Morrins-ville. 12 in. Name means "Sand bank," from one here at junction of Tahuna Creek and Piako River. Post and telegraph office.
TAHUNA PARK. See Dunedin.
TAHUNATAWA. Near Toka Toka wharf.
TAHUNGA, Auckland. 40 m N.W. from Gisborne by coach to Patutahi daily, coach weekly to junction, thence 10 m. Sheep-farming. Mails weekly. Nearest telegraph Patutahi. Post office. Situated on Hangaroa River.
TAHUNOKAITOTO. Native settlement on Waiuku Eiver, 3 m below Waiuku.
TAHUROA. Hicks Bay.
TAIAMAI. Native name for Ohanewai.
TAIERI. A district of plain in Otago, near Dunedin. Popula­tion, 7179. (See North, South, East, and West Taieri). The first settler here was Mr Wm. .Taffray. The proper way to epell the district known as Taieri (pulp) is Tai-ari, which is "to smash." The Taieri Plain is an extensive, rich alluvial flat 18 m long, and averaging five m in breadth, well watered. Part is subject to floods from the river, which is tided for many miles.
TAIERI BEACH, Otago. At mouth of Taieri River, 32 miles via Henley from Dunedin; in Bmce County; mail gig three times weekly. Monday. Wednesday, and Friday (2s 6d) from Abbotsford. In the holiday season a steamer runs daily from Henley on arrival of the morning train from Dunedin, which arrives here 10.20 a.m. and returns at 6.59 p.m. Train fare—5s 6d first return, 3s 8d second return; steamer fare, 2s 6d return. It is a favourite summer resort for sea beach, bush, Taieri Island, and good scenery. Has no hotel, but private boarding at 20s to 25s per week. Good roads from Dunedin via Brighton for cyclists and all other traffic. Punt to cross river. Road from Dunedin via Brighton along sea coast fit for all kinds of traffic. Road from Waihola via Ouse Barn Valley joins main road at beach. There is now a good punt to cross the Taieri River at mouth. It is usual with visitors to rent house and find themselves. From November 1 to March 31 excursion parties to the beach of not less than 20. on days other than Saturdays and holidays, by 24 hours' notice to the Railway Department may have a railway carriage set apart for them and steamer waiting arrival of 845 a.m. train from Dunedin; fare, 5s each, includes steamer and rail. A most enjoyable day's outing. Rabbit shooting, and fishing with, net in river or line from rocks. Post and telephone. Doctor at Abbotstord, by telephone. Otokia— Tokia means fair weather—is a brook which runs into the sea at Brighton. There is an island off the mouth of the Taieri River known as Moturata (rata tree island), where Mr Tuckett in 1844 found a whaling station in full work belonging to Weller Bros., of Sydney. At times the waves break to and fro, so that it seems impossible to get across without being swamped. This description by Tuckett is equally applicable now. Beautiful cool, fresh water is obtainable in a cave on the western slope, though the rocky islet is surrounded by the sea.
TAIERI MOUTH, Otago. A small farming and fishing settle­ment on coast. 23 miles from Dunedin. By rail to Henley, thence bv river steamer daily in holiday season. Rabbit shooting and sea fishing No hotel; private board, 25s per week. The trip to Taieri Mouth from Henley affords a pleasant outing for a day from Dunedin. For fuller particulars see Taieri Beach. Steamer may be engaged for about 40 on dnvs other than holidavs. Scenerv along river bank and at the Mouth very picturesque and interesting. Another route is bv train to Abbotsford, thence by coach road via Brighton, by bicycle; roads good. A very pleasant run on the cycle. Post and telegraph office. Onumia. part of the Maori Reserve, is at the mouth of the Taieri on its northern bank. The first cliff on the southern bank of the Taieri River is Te Rerenga. It is at the lower end of Humbug Reach. The legend is that a Alaori maiden named Haki Te Kura, daughter of chief of the pa at the Taieri Mouth, attempted to leap from the rocks to join her lover, who was passing in his canoe when fleeing from his enemies. She failed to jump into the canoe and was killed. An immense number of Maori ovens were found on Moua Hill when Europeans first settled in the neighbourhood, showing the slaughter by Taniwha. and the horrid cannibal orgies that followed. A favourite picknicking resort on the Lower Taieri is .John Bull's Gully. John Bull was a whaler of early days, who arrived in Otago in the forties in an American schooner named Amazon.
TAIHAPE, Wellington. 160 m N. from Wellington, on Main Trunk line. A municipality, in Rangitikei County, on the River Haiitapn. A post, money order, and telegraph office. Good trout fishing in river. Originally called Otaihape and founded as a township in 1894 in Hautapu settlement in the Awarua block. Has two banks, daily newspaper, resident doctors. High, State, and Technical Schools, town hall, public library, electric light, etc.
TAIKARIKARI POINT, West Coast. Hobson County.
TAIKARURU. Settlement near Parua Bay.
TAIKOREA, Wellington. 115 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Foxton, thence by tram on Sanson tramway; in Manawato County. Sheep and dairy farms here; no stores or hotels, nearest at Glen Orou.i. Good shooting in vicinity. Post and telephone. Doctor at Rongotea, 6 m.
TAINUI. A small township at Anderson's Bay.
TAINU I. One of the canoes of Maori legend that brought the first inhabitants to New Zealand 30 or 40 generations ago, the ancestors of the Waikato and Thames tribes.
TAINUI STREAM. Tributary of Mangahao River.
TAI OMA, Otago. Siding and post office 16 miles by rail from Dunedin, on Otago Central railway; in Taieri County. Nearest telegraph office at Mosgiel, 8 m distant. Is situated just over the Wingatui Viaduct, which is one of the largest works of the kind in N.Z.: it is 150ft high at highest span. First named " Sweet Waters," but changed to Native word with same meaning. Nearest doctor at Mosgiel.
TAI PA, Auckland Small settlement situated on Taipa River, at mouth of Doubtless Bay ; 189 miles from Auckland. tri weekly steamer to Mangonni. thence 5 m by horse. The Pacific cable starts from about one mile and a-half from here. "Taipa" means "A fortification near the water." Telephone. Taipa River is an outlet for all timber (kauri, totara, etc.) from Oruru, Peria. Fairburns, Victoria Valley, ami Hikurangi. The logs come down in great numbers when flood is on. are caught here and shipped to Auckland. Butter mak­ing. Dr. at Mangonui, 5 m.
TATPO. ("Maori Ghost.") River on Hokitika-Christchurch road.
TAIPO, Westland. 36 miles east from Hokitika, Rail to Jackson's, thence by overland coach eight miles, or by coach from Kumara Tuesday and Friday. Has hotel. Shooting and fishing obtainable. "Taipo" means "Devil," Maoris so naming the Taipn River when in flood. Telephone and post office.
TAIPO LINE. Near Rongotea.
TAIPO'S. Peaks near Te Nui.
TAIPO-ITI. Railway station 1 mile from Reefton.
TAIPUHA. River flowing W. from Waipu.
TAIRUA, Auckland. 100 miles south-east from Auckland, on east coast. Steamer leaves Auckland weekly via Mercury Bay (Fridays, fare 20s). The Kauri Timber Co. have a mill here, and gum digging is main industry. There is a little quartz mining in district on a small scale. Sea and river fishing. Hotel, 6s; private board. 4s per diem There is also a hotel at upper landing, eight miles up river. Good accommodation. Post, telephone, and money order office. " Tairua" means "Two tides," and it is supposed that at one time there were two entrances to the river. Tairua head, with two nipple-shaped hills at entrance of river 576ft high. Tairua River falls into sea. West of Shoe Island. Township ¾ m inside heads,
TAITA, Wellington. 12 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Hutt, thence coach four miles; in Hutt County. Market gardening, nurseries, and dairy-farming chief occupations. One hotel and stores and private boarding house. Mail twice daily from Wellington. Is situated on Heretaunga River, in which there is good trout fishing. Stoke s Valley three miles distant. Cork trees planted here many years ago on a private estate have succeeded well. Telephone and post office.
TAITA, Auckland. A railway siding 10 miles from Dargaville, on the Dargaville-Kaihu line and three miles from Maropin (nearest post office), which see.
TAI TAPU, Canterbury. One of the many settled townships of Canterbury, at the foot of the Port Lyttelton hills, on the Halswell River; 12 miles from Christchurch by daily coach via Halswell. The roads are very good and fair for cycling. Lake Ellesmere. where good fishing and duck shooting is to be obtained, is four miles distant. The surrounding land is of very good quality, and capable of growing almost any crop. Hotel accommodation, but no private boarding. Post and telephone, office. In Selwyn County. Name means "Sacred stream." Adding-ton tram leaves Square, Christ/church, da.ily at 3.58 p.m., Saturday 3.40 4tndi meets Tai Tapu coach at tram 4.30 ; Saturday, 4 and 10 p.m. Doctor at Lincoln, 4 m. Half holiday, Saturday.
TAI TAPU, Nelson. See Takaka.
TAITVILLE. A small but rapidly increasing suburb of Welling­ton, reached bv Aro street car from city.
TAIWAWE. See Horseshoe Ray.
TAKAHEWAI. Nativc settlement nesir Mareden Point.
TAKAHIWAI. Native settlement on Whangarei River.
TAKAHUE, Auckland. 215 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer weeklv to Mangonui. coach to Kaitia (23 milest. thence 12 miles; in Mangonni County. A small fruit growing and farming settlement. Good shooting in neighbourhood. Boarding obtainable. (See also Kaitaia). Takahne means "a big calabash." Post and tele­graph office. Doctor at Kaitaia. 12 m
TAKAKA, Nelson. Is about 20 m down the coast, line from Blen­heim by steamer across Golden Bay (2 hours). 53 in N. from Nelson and three miles from Port Waitapu, with which it is connected by coach. Two steamers call thrice weekly, going and coming, between Nelson and Collingwood (fare, 8s single ; 14s return). Other steamers call occasionally for produce. Collingwood coach payees through Takaka to Riwaka on Tues. and Fri., connecting with coach for Nelson, returning following day; fare, 8s. Distance from here to Riwaka (which see) 30 m; Collingwood, 18 m. There are five sawmills, butter and bacon factories, and two creameries. Five small and two larger vessels trade regularly with timber :ind goods. Weekly paper—Takaka News. Several hotels and good private hoard. Rouds are very good for cycling, and from here to Nelson by main road is a very good run. The rivers and streams around are stocked with trout, and there is good quail shooting close at hand. Native game is scarce. Good sea fishing four miles out at Tata Island. The Waikaremumu and Bubu springs and beauitiful limestone caves are in this vicinity (near Motupipi), and easy of access from here. Post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and Government offices. The township is in a healthy situation fronting the main line of road, and commanding a beautiful view of Golden Bay, and adjoining smooth water lakes. Parapa iron deposit, 10 m. Name means "plenty kaka" (native bird). Bubu famous spring, 2 m. largest fresh water spVings known throughout (457 gallons in 24 hours). Resident doctors. Gold sluicing at Bubu. Is known as Central and Lower Takaka and is the business centre for the whole valley (20 m long). The townships extend 2 to 5 m. Beautiful scenery.
TAKAKA EAST. 60 miles west by steamer from Nelson to Motueka daily, thence coach weekly 25 miles. Only a small settlement, with two sawmills and a few farmers and hop-growers. It is on main road between Collingwood and Nelson, and has same coach service as Takaka. Telephone and post office.
TAKAKA UPPER. 45 miles from Nelson and about 16 milee from Takaka, on main road. Same coach service as Takaka connects with Nelson. There is a hotel and sawmill here ; rest of settlement engaged in general farming, etc. Takaka, Takaka East, and Upper Takaka as regards climate and conditions are all similar. Telephone and post office. Asbestos obtained here.
TAKAKA WEST. Close to Takaka. which see.
TAKAPAU, Hawke's Bay. .Small sheep-farming and timber-felling settlement between Manawatu and Makaretu River; 57 miles south-west by rail from Napier. Coach to Ashley-Clinton and Makaretu leaves here Monday, Wednesday, and Friday noon; fare, 2s 6d. Trout fishing within a mile of settlement. Good roads. Boarding accommodation 20s per week. Industries— flax and sawmilling, and agriculture; and there are many Maoris. Is on the Ruataniwha Plain, the Manawatu River running on the south, the Makaretu on the west, and the Merrigege on the south. Though the Ruahine Ranges, 20 miles to the west, are covered with snow most of the year the climate is warm. The name means "A mat to lie down on." Post and telegraph. Resident doctor.
TAKAPAU. An old Maori settlement. Kaipara district.
TAKAPU. See Tawa Flat.
TAKAPUNA, Auckland. Picturesque residential marine suburb; on Lake Takapuna, six miles from Auckland. By ferry to Stanley Bay, thence electric tram. -Telephone and money order office. Good fishing. Devonport and Northcote suburbs on Auckland's north shore are both supplied with water from the lake. Pupuke. commonly but incorrectly called Lake Takapuna. Gas from Auckland Gas Co.'s Devonport works. Drs. at Devonport and Northcote. either 4 m
TAKAPUNEKE BAY. In Akaroa Harbour.
TAKATAU. Peninsula. Whangarei Harbour.
TAKATU. On Auckland Harbour. By steamer from Auckland.
TAKIRITAWAI. Maori reserves, Lake Forsyth, Canterbury.
TAKOREKA MT. (2300ft,). Near HaveJock'.
TAKOU BAY. Small inlet situated to the north-east of Auckland into which river of same name flows.
TAKUTAI. 2 m rail from Hokitika.
TAKUTEA. The smallest island in the Cook Group, its area being about 400 acres. It lies about 125 miles to the north-east of Rarotonga and close to the island of Atiu. It belonged to the Natives of Atiu. Unknown to most of the owners and without their consent it was presented by the late Ariki Ngamaru to his Majesty the late King Edward for the benefit of his subjects in the group. The island has been planted with cocoanut palms by a former Resident Commissioner, and it is anticipated it will in time yield 200 tons of copra. At present it is uninhabited.
TALLABURN. See Beaumont, Horse Shoe Bend, and Island Block.
TAMAHERE, Auckland. 95 miles south by rail from Auck­land to Hamilton, then coach five miles (1s 6d) ; in Waikato County. Telephone communication with Hamilton (which also see). Postal and dairy-farming settlement with dairy factory. Two stores but no hotels. Tamahere is situated close to the Waikato River. Fair number of pheasants, wild ducks, hares, and rabbits; also good trout fishing. Splendid roads.
TAMAKI. Pohangina County.
TAMAKI EAST. See East Tamaki.
TAMAKI RIVER. Flows into Manukau Harbour.
TAMAKI WEST, Auckland. Is a farming district, from five to nine miles from Auckland. It includes the township of St. Heliers. and close to it is the township of Panmure. It includes the large Church of England Cemetery of Purewa, the old .Melanesian Mission at Kohimarama; also St. John's College, established by the late Bishop Selwyn. Nearest telegraph St. Heliers. 2 m. where doctor is. Name means "trouble or sorrow." Post office.
TAMARAU. Auckland. 2 m E. from Gisborne by cab hire (3s return). Post office. See Gisborne.
TAMATAWAHINE RIVER. Runs through Coromandel township.
TAMATEHEREA. Portion of old township of Rotorua at outlet of Utuhuia Creek.
TAME. See Totara.
TAMI TAMI. See Whangaroa.
TAMUMU, Hawke's Bay. 42 miles south from Napier. Rail to Waipawa. then bi-weekly coach seven miles; fare, 3s. A district com­prising about 125,000 acres. Chiefly occupied by sheep-farmers, with a few good dairy farms. Country is well timbered with white pine, totara, and matai in the Tarawera and Tanuimu bush, which, however, is being rapidly cleared. The settlement is a quarter of a mile from the Tukituki River, the principal streams being the Mangamahiki and Tamumu Creeks. No store or hotel in settlement. Abundant shooting close at hand. Telephone. Name means "blue bottle flies." Dr. at Waipawa, 7 m.
TANE, Wellington. 104 miles from Wellington. Rail to Eketahuna, then 10 miles by coach daily (2s 6d). Post and telephone. Sheep district. No hotel or store. A pretty valley with the Mangaone River running through it. Tane means "man," or "husband." On coach road running through .Mangaone Valley half-way between Eketahuna and Pahiatua. Doctor at Eketahuna. 10 m.
TANEATUA, Auckland. 159 miles from Thames by road. An estate cut up some years ago by Government for settlement. Abundance of wild ducks and pheasants. Maize, butter, and cheese are the principal products On junction of Waimana and Whakatane Rivers, stocked with trout. Is 189 m from Auckland by steamer In Whakatane weekly (where doctor is), thence 9 miles. 62 m from Roturua by roach Tu. and Fri. Name from Tane "man." and atua "god." Post, money order. and telegraph office.
TANE STREAM. Tributary of Mangaone River.
TANEKAHA, Auckland. 114 m N.W. from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei (22s 6d), rail to Hikurangi, then 5 m. Post omen. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, Hikurangi.
TANGAHAKAU BEACH. Between Kilbirnie and Mirmar Penin­sula.
TANGAI. Headland on west bank of N. Wairoa River.
TANGAIHI, Auckland. 74 miles from Auckland. Rail tn Helensville thence steam bi-weekly. Has post and telephone office . On Wairoa River. Doctor at Te Kopuru. 15 m.
TANGARAHAU GORGE. See Whangamomona.
TANGAWAHIA. Near Hamilton. Waikato.
TANGETE. Near Tikinui.
TANGHAI. See Tikinui.
TANGIARO. Settlement near Port Charles.
TANGIHUA. Mountain E. of Tangowahine P.O.
TANGIHUA, Auckland. 153 miles north-west from Auckland. By rail, steamer, and coach via Dargaville, or by steamer to Mangapai in Whangarei Harbour (which see), then by mail coach. About 30 settlers here. Good hotel, but no store. Hobson County. On the Wairoa River. Name means "occasionally crying."
TANGIHUA MOUNTAINS. Range S.W.of Whangarei.
TANGIRAU. A Maori settlement on the Waipa River.
TANGITERORIA. The site of the Rev.J. Buller's mission station in the early days. Is at the foot of the grand Tangihua Mountains. Steamer from Dargaville (35 miles) daily. Good hotel; also shooting and boating. Farming district; also flax and timber industries. Post and telephone office. Name means "The sound of a trembling." Dr. at Dargaville or Whangarei, each 20 m.
TANGITIKI, Auckland. 78 m N.W. from Auckland, railway to Helensville. then steamer 4 times wkly 40 m. Tel at Tangaihi, 4 m. Tangi means "to weep." and tiki "greenstone ornament." It is said Maoris lost a tiki and held a tangi over it. Is on Northern Wairoa River. Gum-digging and agriculture. Nearest doctor at Kopurn, 20 m. Post office.
TANGITU. A bush settlement in the King Country, near Ohura.
TANGLEWOOD, Wellington. 91 miles from Wellington. Rail to Masterton (nearest tel. and nearest Dr.). then mail cart, 20 m. Named from tangled nature of bush. Post office at Ihukoi, which see.
TANGOIO. 14 miles north-west by coach bi-weekly from Napier. Ideal spot for camping. The favourite Tangoio waterfalls are a very great attraction, and the descent to these has been greatly im­proved lately. Post office.
TANGONGE. Lake near Kaitaia, Mongonui.
TANGOWAHINE, Auckland. 118 miles north-east from Auck­land. Rail and steamer to Dargaville, then 9 m by bus (Tues., Thurs., and Sat.). Post and telegraph office. Has good hall. Name means "weeping woman." Doctor at Dargaville. 9 m. Tangowahine River flows into Northern Wairoa. Good shooting and sea fishing.
TANIWHA. 69 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Wairangi, thence coach bi-weeklv 6 m. Farming district. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Hnntly. 20 m.
TANKERVILLE. See Halswell.
TAONUI. District extending from Colyton to Palmenston N.
TAONUI, Wellington. 97 miles north by rail from Wellington, seven miles from Palmerston North, and three miles from Feilding, which is nearest telegraph office and supply township. A few dairy farms. Doctor at Filding. 3 m. Tost office and telephone.
TAONUI STREAM. near Colyton.
TAOROA. 84 in N.E. from Wanganui, by rail to Utiku. then coach Mon, Wed, and Fri. (10 a.m.), returning following day. Post and telephone office. On west bank of Rangitikei River. Beautiful scenery—natural bush and river gorges. Handsome suspension bridge across river. Nearest doctor at Taihape, 14 m.
TAOTAOROA. Farming district near Cambridge, Waikato.
TAPAIRAU. See Waipawa.
TAPANUI, Otago. Close to the Pomahaka River and 96 miles west by rail from Dunedin. Chiefly farming district, but a little dredging is carried on on river near to Kelso. Fallow deer and duck shooting within three miles, season March-May. Native bush. Blue Mountains, waterfalls, etc., all attractive to tourists. District is prohibition, but there is good boarding accommodation here. Two banks (N.Z. and National), post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank. Weekly newspaper—Courier. A borough town with a population of over 532. Trout fishing. Situated at the foot of the Blue Mountains, on which thousands of fallow deer live. Pig, deer, and rabbit shooting on the Rankleburn at southern end of Blue Mountains. Name from Tapti "sacred." and whenua "ground"— "sacred ground." Doctors, churches, and schools. Dairy factory. A Govenrnent nursery is here.
TAPAPA, Auckland. 140 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Tirau (Frankton-Rotorua line), then hire six miles: in Piako County. The Government have taken over the Thames Valley land and cut it up into small farms. Acclimatisation Society's trout hatchery is on the Waimakariri. Good fishing and shooting. Three miles from Okoroire Sanatorium. On January 24, 1870. a skirmish with Maori rebels under Te Kooti took place here, when 16 rebels were killed or wounded. Telephone and post office. Doctor at Tirau. 6 m.
TAPAPANUI. Maori pah near Gladstone.
TAPAWAEROA. Tributary of Waiapu River.
TAPAWERA. 36 miles south from Nelson by rail on the Kohatu-Tadmor line. Has a post and telephone office, sawmill. Trout fishing and deer shooting plentiful.
TAPEKA POINT, near Russell.
TAPU, Auckland. On Firth of Thames, 12 miles north from Thames. Coach runs daily between Tapu and Thames. Timber, gum digging, farming, and two large quartz batteries. Good sea fishing, and good coast for oysters. Good roads. Good pheasant and wild pigeon shooting. Picturesque driving road from Thames. Has a good wharf, and is about 24 miles from Coromandel. One hotel, also private boarding 18s per week. Post and telegraph office. Known at one time as Hastings and Tapu Creek. Named from a small piece of land in the district the Maoris tapued, or made sacred. Dr. at Thames, 12 m.
TAPUAE. See Pakihikura and Waituna West.
TAPUAE. Between New Plymouth and Oakum.
TAPUAEHARURU. Settlement on Lake Rotoiti, 20 m from Rotorua.
TAPUAEKURA. Settlement and saw mills on south shore of Lake Rotoiti.
TAPUAENUKU MOUNT (9460ft). Highest peak in Upper Awatere.
TAPU-E-TAHI. See Puerua.
TAPUHI, Auckland. 118 m from Auckland: steamer to Whangarei (22s 6d). rail to Hukerenui, then 6 m. Dairy farming and kauri timber felling. Good shooting. Doctor at Hikurangi, 12 in. I'ost and telephone office.
TAPUI, Otago. A railway siding 19 miles from Oamnru, on the Oamaru-Tokarahi line. Island Cliff, four miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
TAPUI, Westland. See Oakura.
TAPUWAEROA. Auckland. 91 m N.E. from Gisborne. Coach to Waipiio May bi-weekly (32s 6d), then horse 24 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Tuparoa, 14 m.
TAPUTIPUTU. Bay on west coast of North Island.
TARA, Auckland. 88 miles from Auckland. Steamer to port of Mangawai, then by road 5 m. Fertile tableland. Nearest tel Manga-wai, and Drs. at Waipu or Manngaturoto, each 18 m. Post office.
TARADALE, Hawke's Bay. A town district with a population of about 1050: 5 m south-west by motor bus (3d) from Napier in Hawke's Bay County. Half-holiday held here on Wednesday. Dairy­ing and market gardening for Napier market are chief occupations. A hotel and two or three stores, etc., are here. Good cycling roadi around district. North of Taradale, four miles further on, is Petane, a small township from which coach runs to Taupo. This place was formerly called Omaranui, and was seized by Maoris in 1865 preparatory to an attack being made on Napier, which, however, was frustrated by a force of 300 men raised by Major Fraser. Resident doctors. Post, money order, and telephone office.
TARAHI (1100ft). Mount near Ohaewai.
TARAI-O-RAPIRI Mountain near Oruoru.
TAHAIKE. See Kaeo.
TARAKOHE, Nelson. Near Gold Bay. Post and telephone office, and the site of cement works, the plant being driven by electricity.
TARAMAUKU, Taranaki. 33 in E. from New Plymouth. Rail to Inglewood, then coach (6s 6d return). Post office. Nearest telegraph office Tarata. 4 m. Nearest doctor Inglewood.
TARAMOA, Southland. 15 m S. from Invercargill. Rail to Waianawa, thence 3 m. Farming and dairying. Post office. Nearest telegraph Waianawa. 3 miles.
TARANAKI DISTRICT. This district is situated on the western side of the North Island of N.Z, at about its widest part, and may be said to be the most compact and fertile district in the colony, for, with the exception of the upper half of Mount Egmont, and of the ranges adjoining, which absorb about 36.000 acres, the whole of the area—minus what is taken up by the rivers, streams, and lakes—is suitable for settlement, and certainly two-thirds of the district is good land. The gross area of the district is 2,430,000 acres.
This district was from I860 to 1865 the seat of a Maori rebellion. In 1860 Great Britain was appealed to for assistance, and 10 British: regiments with all their staff and transport corps were located in this and the Auckland district. On March 28, 1860. 300 men of the 65th Rotriment with militia and volunteers marched from the town of Tara­naki, and a battle was fought at Waireka Hill and the Maoris dis­comfited. The first white settlers were from Devon and Cornwall, who displayed, in the founding of Taranaki, the English colonising character at its best. Taranaki was for the English what Otago wae for the Scotch. In the old Maori days of tribal wars it was related by a Christianised Maori that he had seen here, in his young days, great numbers of defeated warriors killed and eaten, cannibal feasts being almost daily.
Of mountains, the principal one is the beautiful volcanic cone from-which the district takes its name, Taranaki, otherwise called Mount Egmont. which has an altitude of 8.260ft.
Of the rivers the principal is the Wanganui. Its average width varies from two to three chains. For nearly the whole distance it is shut in by high precipitous hills, and in many places by perpendicular walls of rock. The scenery is very grand and beautiful. There are numerous rapids, but few are dangerous. A steamer runs regularly from Wanganui to Pipiriki, a distance of 60 miles fare. 15s single. 20s return. The principal tributaries of the Wanganui on the Taranaki side are the Ongarune, Ohura. and Tangarakau Rivers.
The next river in size is the Mokau, bounding the district on the north. It is navigable for small steamers of 20 tons or 30 tons as iar as the coal mines, about 24 miles from its mouth, and for canoes as far us Totoro, 26 miles further'up. Several outcrops of coal are found on its banks, and. as limestone is also present, the river is likely to become the most important waterway of the district. The scenery on either side, although not on quite so grand a scale as may be seen on the Wanganui is very beautiful.
The other large rivers are the Waitara and Patea. The former has its source about midway between the coast and the Wanganui River, in an easterly direction from Pukearuhe, between New Plymouth and the Mokau. It is about 100 miles in length, and runs out at the town of Waitara, some 10 miles north-east from New Plymouth. There is a bar at the mouth, hut steamers of 300 tons can enter safely in calm weather, and, although there are numerous rapids on its course, it is navigable for canoes for about 90 miles.
The Patea River rises in Mount Kgmont, and, after traversing a tortuous course of about 110 m. runs out at the extreme end of the provincial district. It has a bar harbour, with a depth of 13ft to 14ft at spring tides. Steamers of from 40 tons to 50 tons trade regularly to the town of Patea, which is situated a mile or so from its mouth. The Patea is navigable for canoes for 50 miles.
Besides these rivers there are many smaller ones, and streams innumer­able—in fact, no district in the world could be better watered, and at the same time so secure from disastrous floods. It is estimated that between the Mokau and the Patea there are no fewer than 85 named streams emptying themselves into the Tasman Sea, fully 60 of which How from Mount Kgmont.
The only level country is the Ngaire Swamp, which is open land. 3700 acres in area, and situated in the Ngaire Block close to Eltham. This swamp has been drained and disposed of for settlement purposes.
There are no plains, although the stretch of very fertile country lying between the Waingongoro and Otakeho Rivers is known as the Waimate Plains, and comprises an area of about 25,000 acres. Of this area 13,500 acres have been disposed of, and the remainder, 11,500 acres, has been handed back to the Natives as a reserve.
There are no lakes worthy of the name. The largest sheet of water is Lake Rotokare, situated about 12 miles from Kltliam; it is about half a mile in length, with an average width of six chains. There an also a few small lakes at the southern end of the district inland from Waverley.
The best soil is on the south side of Mount Egmont—between Stratford, Hawera. and Opunake, but not less than two or three miles from the forest-reserve boundary. The carrying capacity of the land is, on an average, three sheep to the acre.
Taranaki is essentially a grazing and dairying district, its chief products being butter and cheese, of which there are large exports. There are numerous factories, creameries, and freezing works.
The coal mining is at the Mokau coal mines, about 24 miles up the Mokau River. The coal is pitch brown, and suits for domestic purposes.
Ironsand is found in great abundance on the seashore from Mokau to Patea, a distance of 130 miles. It produces, when smelted, from 50 to 60 per cent, of iron of the finest quality.
Petroleum boring is successfully carried on at Moturoa at a depth of 2330ft. The operations are being conducted bv the Taranaki Petroleum Company, and once everything is in working order it is anticipated that large quantities at a cheap rate will be placed upon the market. Mr Henry. the expert engaged bv the company to visit and reoort on the fields, reported in February. 1911. that in five years' time the output should exceed in value the output of gold from the whole of the Dominion.
The climate of Taranaki is remarkly healthy, without any extremes of temperature—the greatest difference of range averaging only about 15.8.
The timber industry is represented by over 29 sawmills, and the total quantity cut during the year ending March, 1907, was 16,824,281 feet, chiefly rimu (red pine), kahikatea (white pine), totara, and matai (black pine).
The chief towns of Taranaki are New Plymouth, the capital of the district: Hiiwera (48 miles from there). Paten. Stratford, Waitara, Nor-manby, Inglewond. Kltliam, Opunake. and Manaia—for particulars of these'towns refer to each of them in this work.
TARANAKI HIGHTS. North Taranaki Bight and South Tarauaki Bight in Taranaki province, divided by a projection of which Cape Egmont is most prominent point.
TARANGA or HEN ISLAND, Whangarei Heads.
TARANUI. See Parua.
TARAORA. A hill in Puketoi Ranges.
TARARA, Otago. 83 m from Dunedin Rail to Catlins River, thru coach 6 111. 4 in from Ratanui, nearest telegraph office. Named from the saddle of hill, meaning "A saddle." Dr. at Owaka. 10 m.
TARARU. See Thames.
TARARUA. 100 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Palmerston North or Pahiatua, thence nine miles. Cheese factory. Good shooting. Nearest telegraph office Palmerston North, 11 m. Named from Tararua Ranges. From top of hill here can be seen Tongariro and Egmont .Mountains. Road good and much used by motorists. Dr. at Palmerston North, 9 m.
TARARUA RANGES. Range of mountains dividing east and west coasts of Wellington district.
TARARUA ROAD. Connecting Pahiatua and Palmerston North.
TARATA, Taranaki. 23 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Inglewood. then daily coach. 10 m (4s 6d return). Two stoies. Post and telephone. No hotel, but private, boarding house. Is situated on the Waitara River. Named from the rata trees, which used to abound here. Good shooting—pheasants, ducks, pigeons, kakas. and hares, and fishing in river. Dr. at Inglewood. 10 m.
TARATA Native settlement near Port Awanui.
TARATAHI. Seven miles from Masterton by car daily. Dairy­ing industry; cheese factory. Good hare shooting and trout fishing. Clareville is nearest post office, which see.
TARATARA MOUNT (1000ft). Whangaroa.
TARATINA STREAM. Tributary of Makuri River.
TARATITITONGA. Junction of Oiigaruhe and Maramataha Rivers. Auckland district.

TARATU. A coal mine See Lovells Flat.
TARAWERA, Auckland. Tarawera Mountain was the scene of the great volcanic eruption on the 10th of June, 1886. A ride of 10 miles by coach (4s) from Rotorna brings the visitor to the buried village of Wairoa. thence a voyage by launch on lake some 10 miles across Lake Tarawera lands him sit the foot of the mountain. The ascent will occupy an hour and a-half, and having arrived at the summit he cannot but feel rewarded for his toil. For launch and guide fees inquire at Rotorua. See Botorua for full description of both lake and mountain. Tarawera means "Hot point or peak."
TARAWERA, Hawke's Bay. 50 miles north-west from Napier. County Waii oa. Post and telegraph office. Coach from Napier every Mon­day (25s). returning on Friday. There is no trout fishing, though River Waipuiiga was once well stocked: splendid trout fishing at Rangitaiki. There is also good shooting, pheasants and pigeons being plenti­ful. The Tarawera hot bath, with a temperature varying from 90deg. to 117deg, is situated about a mile and three-quarters from the hotel, and contains valuable medicinal properties. (See Hot Springs.) New hot springs hotel.
TARAWERA RIVER. Flows out of Tarawera Lake, west of Mt. Edgecumbe, into sea on east coast at Matata.
TAR BAY, Pelorus Sound.
TAREWA. Suburb of Rotoma on right bank of Utuhuia Stream, 1 ¼ m from Rotorua.
TAREWA, Auckland. A thriving sheep farming settlement about 30 miles from Wairoa in Hawke's Bay; reached by coach; in Cook and Wairoa Counties. Nuhaka is 13 miles; and Morere (seven miles) a nearest telegraph office. Is 10 miles inland from Poverty Bay coast. Tarewa means ." Hanging." Gisborne, 36 m off. Teleph and post office. Wairoa, 30 m.
TAHERU. River flowing through town of Gisborne.
TARIKI, Taranaki. 23 miles south from New Plymouth by rail; in Taranaki County. Sawmills and dairying—three creameries wiibin nulius of two miles: good sized, excellent mountain and brown trout plentiful; while pheasants, pigeons, and hares afford good shooting. This is bhe nearest railway station to Mount Kgmont, and a good walking track is cut from the radius line to camping ground ; about 4,500ft up the mountain from the station to the radius line is a good road for horses. Has nn English Church, one hotel, post ami telegraph office. Name means " Sorrowful." Doctors at Inglewood. 6 m.
TARINGAMUTU. A railway station 172 miles from Auckland, on the Auckland Waimarino line, Main Trunk railway. Post office is at Taumarunui.
TARINGATIRI. Telephone, but no Post 0. See Heddon Bush.
TARIRI PLAINS. An extensive gumfield. Mongonui.
TARRAS, Otago. 174 miles north-west from Dunedin. By rail to Civile, thence coach to Cromwell daily, and coach from Cromwell Tuesday and Fridav (20 miles, fare 7s 6d). A favourite resort for deer stalkers. Trout fishing in Clutha and Lindis Rivers. Named by .J. M'Lean, who first settled here, after Tarras, Scotland. Post and telephone office. Doctors at Pembroke and Cromwell, each 20 m.
TARUHERU RIVER. A branch of Turanganui River runs north­west in Poverty Bay flowing through Gisborne.
TARUKENGA, Auckland. A railway station and post office on .Franktiin-Rotoma railway. 9 m from Rotorua. Chiefly a Maori settlement, and half a dozen European residents. Name means ."Slaughter." there having been a great Maori battle in olden days here. Paradise Valley, 1 ½ m, with lonely stream and high rocks. Doctor at Rotorua, 9 m. Post office but nearest telegraph office Mamaku, 5 miles.
TARUNA. Sheep station. See Woodgrove.
TARURUTANGI, Taranaki. 8 ½ m east from New Plymouth, rail to Hen wood, then 3 ½ m. Nearest tel office Bell Block, 4 m. Co-op, dairy. Post office.
TASMAN BAY. A wide inlet in Nelson province. (See Nelson City). Tasman in his famous voyage in 1642 brought his two ships to their tirst anchorage here.
TASMAN GLACIER. Southern Alps, near Hermitage
TASMAN MOUNT (11,475ft), Southern Alps.
TASMAN RIVER, Flows into Lake Pukaki.
TATA. Limestone island, near Tonga.
TATAHI, Nelson. 3 m S.W. from Ne'son by motor bus (1s re turn). Post and telegraph office. See Nelson for description.
TATANGARAU. Creek in Awhitti district.
TATAPOURI. Nine miles north-east from Gisborne by bi­weekly coach (5s return). Good fishing, but very little shooting. Telephone and post office.
TATARAIMAKA, Taranaki. 14 miles from New Plymouth. By coach daily. Post and telephone. Doctor at Okato, 4 m.
TATARARIKI, Auckland. 92 miles north-west of Auckland. Rail to Helensville. thence steamer bi-weekly. Northern Pine Saw­mills here. Named from a sweet-smelling weed carried about by Maori women. Believed by some to be derived from an incident where a Tatara mat was thrown over a slave, and by this act he was claimed the property of the chief, who practically gave a promise for protection. Telephone and post office.
TATU. 103 m south from New Plymouth; rail to Ongarue, mail cart to Ohura, then 8 m. Dr. at Mangaroa, 9 m. Good quantity of coal'. No roads, only bush track. Nearest telephone Oliura, 8 m. Post office.
TATUA, Auckland. A railway siding 107 miles south from Frankton Junction, on the Frankton Junction-Thames line. Morrinsville, 4 m, is the nearest post 0, which see. Name means "Belt."
TAUERU, Wellington. 80 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Masterton, then coach (Mon., Tues.. Wed., and Fri.) 8 a.m., 9 m (2s 6d) In Wairarapa N. Co. Post, money order, and telephone office. A sheep-farming district containing several extensive sheep runs, a hotel, store, and sawmills. Nearest doctor Masterton.
TAUERU STREAM. Tributary of Ruamahunga River.
TAUHARA (3602ft). Central Trig Station of North Island.
TAUHARA. Stream flowing into Kaipara Harbour.
TAUHERENIKAU, Wellington. Situated on river of same name; 48 miles north-west from Wellington and three miles from Featherston railway station. Sheep-farming, dairying, and cropping are occupations. Trout fishing in above river, and good shooting on Wairarapa Lake, five miles distant. Good cycling roads. One hotel, no private hoard. Post office is Featherston. 3 m, (which see), where doctor is. Named from nikau trees growing by banks of river.
TAUHITINUI BEACH. Largest west arm of Pelorus Sound.
TAUHOA, Auckland. A small farming settlement, on Kaipara Harbour; 60 miles north-west from Auckland. Rail to Hoteo, thence horse or rail to Wellsford, coach 7 m to Port Albert, then 12 m. West Coast, steamer rail occasionally. Post and telephone office. Hoteo River runs through.
TAUHOA RIVER, running into Kaipara Harbour.
TAUHUPU. See Ratanui.
TAUMA. Native settlement near Rangitukia.
TAUMANGI, Auckland. A railway siding on Frankton-Rotorua railway, and 137 m from Auckland. Nearest poet office Putaruru, 2 m.
TAUMARERE, Auckland. Is situated on an arm of the Bay of Islands; 155 miles north from Auckland. Taumarere is a railway station nn the Opna-Kawakawa railway, which runs trains Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday as traffic requires. See also Opua, six miles distant, and Kawakawa, two miles distant, for particulars. Good fruit-producing district. Telephone and post office.
TAUMARUNUI, Auckland. 175 miles south from Auckland by rail, on Main Trunk line, and 136 miles from Wanganui by river steamers. Tourists for- Wanganui River arrive here, stay over night, then take boat, which runs Tues., Thurs., and Sat. during summer and bi-weekly in winter. Name means "well-sheltered landing place." Is at junction uf Wanganui and Ongarue Rivers. Post, money order, and telegraph office. A progressive borough of about 1100 population, with bank, bi-weekly newspaper, hospital, resident doctors, churches (all denominations), and superior boarding houses. In the centre of the King Country timber milling industry. Good shooting and fishing. Lake Taupo is within an easy day's ride.
TAUMATA, Otago. 68 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Waiwera, then seven miles coach .Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. " Taurnata " means "Brow of a hill." Good trout fishing. Nearest doctor at Clinton. 10 miles. Post and telephone office.
TAUMATAHI, Taranaki. In Patea County. By rail to Waitotara. then 30 m drive. Name means the first peninsula.
TAUMATA MAHOE. Hill 1881ft, near Ahipara.
TAUMATAMAHOE. High peak near Kaltaia.
TAUMATA ONUIHI On banks of Waiapu River. Gisborne.
TAUMATATOTARA, Auckland 157 m S.VV. from Auckland by steamer. Post office. Nearest telegraph office. Kinohaku. 5 m: and nearest doctor Kawhia, 20 m. Farming.
TAUMUTU, Canterbury. Situated on the sea. coast and on Lake Ellesmere; 37 miles south-east from Christchurch. Rail to Southbridge, then seven miles; in Ellesmere County. A small fanning settlement. Excellent cycling roads in vicinity. Leeston 10 miles and Southbridge seven miles distant, are nearest telegraph offices. Good shooting on lake. Taumutu mjans "the end of a year." Nearest Dr. Southbridge. 7 m.
TAUPAKI, Auckland. 21 miles W. by rail from Auckland. In Waitemata County. To river Bead five miles. A farming, timber, and kauri gum settlement. Store. No hotel or private boarding houses. Fruit of all kinds thrives well here. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Helensville, 17 m.
TAUPAKI. Abandoned Native settlement near Tamkojiga Station, Rotorua line.
TAUPIRI, Auckland. 69 miles south by rail from Auckland; on Waikato River. There is a telegraph and money order office here. An agricultural settlement, with hotel, three stores, flax mill, and sawmills. Once the site of an English Church mission station. Name means Tail "hill." piri "two things attached, from Taupiri Hill and small hill attached. Taupiri Hill a scenic reserve and on top of small hill is the burial place of the Maori King, Tawhao. Dr. at Huntly. 5 in. Was the site of an ancient fortification, the scene of many fights and cannibal feasts.
TAUPO, Auckland. Thermal Springs district; on Waikato River and northern shore of Lake Taupo ; 22Y miles from Auckland and 103 miles from Napier. Rail from Auckland to Rotorua, then by coach or motor (daily) in summer via Waiotapu at 7.30 a.m., or via Atiamuri at 7 a.m., 56 miles (fare : 25s single, 40s return); or by coach direct from Napier on Mini, at 6.30 a.m.. returning Thuus. 7.30 a.m. (100 miles ; faro : 50s single, 90s return). Good shooting and tront fishing. Several good hotels—10s daily, 50s per week. The Witches' Cauldron, Satan's Glory, Little Crow's Nest, Paddle-wheel Ben, are sulphur springs, and the Crows' Nest Geyser (one of the highest in New Zealand), and other sights too numerous to mention are in this vicinity. The Huka Kails and Aratiatia Rapids can be com­fortably seen in half a day. Various baths of alum, sulphur, and oils. Hot mineral swimming baths, etc. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Steamer leaves Taupo for Tokaanu daily in summer at 7 a.m.. returning same day; in winter, Sunday and Thursday. 9.30 a.m.
Taupo Lake is centrally situated in the 'North Island. Length 25 miles, width 17 miles, with an area, of about 241 square, miles. It is 534ft deep and is the largest lake in New Zealand. At the edge are boiling springs and pools of seething mud; surrounding it are numerous volcanic hills and mountains, especially Ruapehu 8878ft. Ngauruhoe 7481ft, and Tongariro 6500ft; on latter is the volcano of Temare, also the immense sulphur steam hole Ketetahi. The lake itself is supposed by some to be the crater of an extinct volcano of immense size. Taupo means " A resting place during the darkness." The lake is the largest and deepest, in tlie North Island, and is 1211ft above the sea. Maori full name for this lake is Taupo Moana. Severe earthquakes occurred here on August 17, 1895. Nearest doctor at Rotorua.
TAUPO. Native settlement Whangaroa,
TAURANGA, Auckland. 120 miles south-east from Auckland; situated on a harbour of the same name—one of the finest in N.Z. ; 20 miles long by an average of two miles wide, and sheltered by an island 19 m long. Well buoyed ajid sheltered1 in all weathers. Tauranga is the only harbour on East coast between Mercuiy Bay and Port Nicholson (Wellington) that affords shelter in all winds, and is 12 m south­east of Kati Kati. It may be entered by the largest vessels at any state of the tide. Steamers from Auckland arrive and depart tri-weekly. Coaches also leave Tauranga for Rotorua, via Te Puke, on Tues., Thur.. and Sat. (fare, 20s); returning Mon., .Wed., Krid. Other route to Rotorua via Oropi Wed. and Frid., through beautiful bush scenery, returning Tues. and Thur., connecting with rail to Auckland. Tri­weekly service also via Waihi. 45 m, to Thaires. Agricultural, cattle farming, and dairying; one butter factory. The sulphur producing White Island is in this neighbourhood, returning 80 to 90 per cent, sulphur to ton.
Tauranga is an attractive place, and Rotorua may be reached by a picturesque coach drive The great Tarawera eruption of 1865 was much felt here, where total darkness prevailed for some time, ash falling and covering the land.
Very good shooting here—pheasant, quail, duck, teal, swan, goodwit, etc. Harbour teems with fish, and trout may be got in river near by. There are many places of interest in neighbourhood which may be visited at a cost of 20s or less—the Hot lakes, Te Aroha, White Island, Karewa Rock (the home of the tuatara lizard). Mayor and Motiti Islands, Maketu and Kaukau hot springs, and many places of historical interest connected with Maori traditions and battles. "Gate Pa" and " Te Rengarenga," scenes of disasters to British troops, are within walking distance. The roads about here are very fair, and most places may be reached by cycle. There are four hotels 20s to 30s weekly ; also private and public boarding houses, 20s to 25s weekly. The Te Puke gold field is within three hours' ride or drive.
In 1864 tho Maori War was in full progress, and the Maoris entrenched themselves strongly in tho pa called the Gate Pa (referred to above), which was between two swamps close to here. The pa was attacked op. April 30 of that year by General Cameron, with troops of 68th Regiment, along with Volunteers and Militia, and they were also afded by the captain and men of the British warship, Esk, then in tho harbour. The troops entering the pa were attacked by Maoris concealed in rifle pits and armed with guns, which they used with terrible effect. The fire was so deadly from the hidden Maoris that the position bad to be abandoned with great loss of life, Captain Hamil­ton being among the killed. Tho stones in the picturesque cemetery here tell a pathetic tale of the results of this disaster. Guns used at attack on Gate Pah. April 29, 1854, are preserved in redoubt here.
Captain Cook landed here in 1769. sailing thence north.
There are two branch banks and a tri-weekly newspaper. A borough town of over 1057 inhabitants. In Tanranga County. Post, telegraph, and money order offices.
Mount Maunganui (1000ft high) stands at entrance of harbour. From its smimit an excellent, panoramic view of the Bay of Plenty can be obtained. Pleasure yachts and open boats available at low rates all year round. Name means " Landing place." Resident Drs. here.
TAURANGA-A-KOHU. Hill behind Port Awanui.
TAURANGA CREEK. On Hauraki Gulf, 25 miles from Auck­land by steamer.
TAURANGARERE. On Main Trunk (Wellington to Auckland) railway.
TAURANGARURU. Farming district 3 m north-west of Waiukii.
TAURAKOA STREAM. Tributary of Mangonui River.
TAUKAROA RIVER. Flows into Wairoa River.
TAURAROA. 19 miles from Mangapai by road. See Waikiekie. which is the post office.
TAUROA. Tributary of Ruakaka River.
TAUTARAKINA. tributary of North Wairoa River.
TAUTIRO. A Native settlement and lake near Kaikohe.
TAUTORO. Native, district and burial place, Te, Ahu Ahu.
TAUTUKU, Otago. 28 m S.W. from Dunedin. Rail to Catlins River, then coach Papatowai, then 7 m. Sawmilling settlement, 4 m from Chaslands. Post and telephone office.
TAUWHARE, Auckland. 98 m 3, from Auckland, and 12 m from Hamilton. Waikato. Rail to Matangi, then 4 m. Farming, with creamery. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Cambridge.
TAWA BAY, Pelorus Sound.
TAWA FLAT, Wellington. Small poultry and fruit- farming settlement, situated 11 m N. by rail from Wellington and 2 m from Porirua. In Hutt County. Named from tawa timber, with which the flats were once covered. Post and telephone office.
TAWANUI, Otago. 86 m S.W. from Dunedin. Catlins River district. Rail to Houipapa. then 4 m Farming and sawmills. Post office. Nearest telegraph office. Houipapa. 4 m. Nearest Dr. Owaka.
TAWARANUI OR TAKATOO POINT. Eastern point of Matakana district.
TAWATAIA, Wellington. 102 miles north-east from Welling­ton. Rail to Eketahuna. then coach daily seven miles (2s) ; in Masterton County. Purely a sheep farming district." Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor. Eketahuna.
TAWATAPU. 7 m from Murewai.
TAWERA. A county in Canterbury, of which Springfield is county town.
TAWHAI. A railway station four miles from Reef ton, which is nearest post office.
TAWHARANUI. 54 miles north from Auckland by weekly steamer. Sheep farming and timber industry. Nearest telegraph office Matakana, 7 m. Post office. Name means "Large tawhare," a native fruit. Dr. at Warkworth, 15 m.
TAWHARE, Auckland. 98 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Tamahere, then drive 4 m; in Waikato County. A dairy-farming settlement with cheese factory. Temperance hotel and store. On road between Morrinsville and Cambridge, and 10 m from Hamilton, where Dr. is.
TAWHATI. Native settlement near Kaitaia.
TAWHITI. Hill between Tokomaru Bay and Waipiro
TAWHITI. Northern head of Coromandel Harbour.
TAWHITI A PAKA. Hill near Rangitukia.
TAWHI. Special settlement. See Awakino.
TAYLOR MOUNT. Survey district near Makino.
TAYLOR MOUNT (7647ft). Ashburton County.
TAYLORS CREEK. See BIackmount.
TAYLOR'S MISTAKE. Small bay near Sunnier.
TAYLOR'S PASS. Marlborough. tipper Awatere district.
TAYLOR'S STREAM. Tributary S. branch Ashburton River.
TAYLORVILLE, Grey. See Brunnerton.
TAYLORVILLE, Wellington. Residential suburb, with surrounding farming and fruit-growing district; a quarter of a mile from Wanganui ; with good cycling roads, several stores, and post office. Private boarding is obtainable, and there is one hotel. As all the descriptive features of Wanganui is applicable to Taylorville. a reference to Wanganui should be made.
TE AHIOTEATUA. (''Fire of the gods.") A hill near Wai-lakaro, and the site of a constant burning gas. See Waitakaro.
TE AHUAHU, Auckland. Situated on Lake Omapere: 175 miles N.W. from Auckland. Steamer to Opna. rail to Kaw Kawa, then coach 18m (Tu. ; 7s 6d). Post and telephone. Te Ahuahu, under , which this place is situated, is an extinct volcano about 1000ft above sea level. Name means "A hill of potatoes." This township was the centre of a famous battlefield celebrated in Maori song and legend. A Maori settlement with about half-a-dozen European settlers, mostly farmers. Nearest doctor at Ohaeawai, 3 m.
TE AHUPATIKI. Maori name for Herbert Mount, Lyttelton.
TE AKATEA, Auckland. Small settlement with about a dozen residents ; 80 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia, then seven miles by coach Tu. and Fri. (3s 6d). Post and telephone. Coal dis­covered here and arrangements made to open up the coal area. Is a valley half way between Waingaro hot springs and Ngaruawahia. Dr. at latter place, 7 m.
TE AKAU. Point in Lake Rotoiti.
TE AKEAKE. A railway station four miles from Opua, on the Opua-Kuwakawa line, and 135 miles from Auckland via Whangarei. Opua nearest post and telegraph office.
TEAKIROA POINT, Pelorus Sound.
TE ANA-OPO-HAU TURUA. Cave on Awatere River.
TE ANAU (Marakura township), Otago. 108 miles .north-cast from Invercargill. By rail from Invercargill or Dunedin to Lumsden. then coach (on Wednesday and Saturday, leaving at 11 a.m. and arriving at 8.30 p.m., returning Tuesday and Friday 5.45 a.m., arriving at Lumsden 2.45 p.m.; summer service: coach fare. 40s return) to southern end or foot of lake, then Monday and Thursday at 7 a.m. 38 miles by steamer to head of lake (fare: 20s single. 30s return). Te Anau, the largest lake in the South Island, is about 40 miles long, varying from one to six miles across, with itj three great arms (north, middle, and south fiords). Numerous picturesque islets scattered about. The scenery at head of the lake is very grand indeed, snow-capped shaggy peaks, countless waterfalls, etc. There is a comfortable Government house at the head of the lake. Milford Sound may be reached from here on foot by a track running up Clinton Valley and over M'Kinnon's Saddle. Victualling and accommodation when doing the tracks, 8s per day. There is a good hotel at Te Anau (10s per day); and boats, buggies, and saddle horses may be obtained there. Cost of doing lake by steamer 30s each. The roads round about are good for cycling in summer. The road between Lake Manapouri and Te Anau, along the course of the Waiau, has been very much improved, and the accommodation house at Manapouri has been enlarged. Distance, 13 miles by driving, through beautiful scenery. There is very good shooting (Native game),and trout and eel fishing at both lakes. A good steamer is now on the lake, and on Lake Mauapouri there is a good Government steam launch. Post, and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Lumsden.
TE ANERAKI. See Enfield.
TE APITI, Hawke's Bay. 26 m by bi-wkly coach from Otane.
TE ARAI, Auckland. 69 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Mangawai bi-weekly (10s return), then four miles; or rail to Te Hana, then 6 m. A well-settled farming district near the coast. Two stores in settlement ; no hotel, but board accommodation. Tele­phone and post office. In Rodney County. Doctor at Wellsford, 12 m.
TE ARAI BRIDGE. Now known as Manutuke, which see.
TE ARAROA, Auckland. A Maori settlement situated close to Awatere River, on sea coast; 110 miles north from Gisborne; Hick's liay, 8 m. Steamer trading between Auckland and Wellington calls bi-monthly: fare, 40s. Agricultural and sheep district. Shooting-pigeon, pheasant, wild duck plentiful inland; sea and river fishing. Roads unmade. Post and telephone office. One hotel. In Waiapu County. Te Araroa means "the long road." Nearest doctor Waipiro Bay, 40 m.
TE AREURU. Native settlement near Tokomaru Bay.
TE ARIKI. Native village on shore of Tarawera Lake, buried with all its Native inhabitants during eruption of 1886.
TE ARO. See Wellington, of which it is a portion.
TE AROHA, Auckland. One of the most favoured health resorts uf the colony; is situated on the Waihou (Thames) River, in the ther­mal springs district (the sanatorium of N.Z.); is 36 miles from Thames by railway, and is 115 miles south-west front Auckland by a round railway journey. Cheap round-trip tickets are issued by the Railway Department for three months from Auckland via Te Aroha tor 21s first class, and 15s second class. The quickest and best way to reach here from Auckland is by railway; and also by steamer toThames, thence by train. Te Aroha has long been famous for its mineral springs, of which there are 18, 15 of these being hot or tepid, and remarkable for their curative properties for various com-plaints. Mount Te Aroha (the mountain of love), and near the Coiomanclel Ranges,, rises at the back of the town to about 3126ft, and as this mountain is covered with native bush it renders the scene pretty and attractive; a path leads to the trig, station at the top, from which on a clear day a splendid view may be obtained of the district, a portion of the wonderland of New Zealand. There are many boarding houses and hotels, so that there is plenty of excellent accommodation at Te Aroha. Good bathing-houses are erected at all the bathing springs, which are situated on the domain, and this is neatly laid out with tennis court and bowling green, lawn, and walks. There are two newspapers issued here, and there is a post, money order and tel. office and telephone exchange. The half-holiday is held on Wed. Population, about 1050. Climate even, dry, and mild: and the scenery around is very picturesque. The roads are fairly good for cycling, and some enjoyable rides could be had. Those in search of sport have not far to go as plenty of duck shooting is obtainable near at 'land, and trout fishing in the river. The domain, baths, and mineral drinking waters are under the control of the Government Tourist and Health Resorts Department, with a resident Government medical officer in charge of the domain, so that invalids can now have expert advice as to use of the baths and drinking waters. A body of Lincolnshire farmers settled here in 1880. Mountain at back and this place named from chief noted for h;s hospitality who once lived here. From the top of mount the whole of Bay of Plenty, from Cape Runaway to Cape Colville, with its many islands and bays, can also be seen. Dr. here.
TE AROHA WEST. Post and telephone office Creamery, 5 m from Te Aiuha, which see.
TE ATATU, Auckland. 18 m from Auckland. Post office." Nearest telegraph Hendersons, 5 m. This place was formerly called Henderson Point. at Avondale. 9 m.
TE AU-O-TU Cook Group. See Manuae for particulars.
TE AUPAPA A district and hill near Pahiatua
TE AURAPA. See Kaitawa.
TE AUTE, Hawke's Bay. Near Poukawa Lake; 27 miles by rail from Napier. Bush-felling, sawmilling, and firewood is chief occupation. The surrounding country occupied by sheep runs. There is a Maori college 3 m. Duck shooting on lake. Good cycling roads. One hotel; no other accommodation. Has telegraph and money order office. Hawke’s Bay County. Te Aute, named after a tree. Pukehau is nearest rail­way station to college. Dr. at Waipawa, 12 m.
TE AUTE. Old Maori pali near Kaitaia.
TE AWA, Wellington. 121 miles from Wellington. liail to Feilding, thence 22 miles by coach (12s return). Nearest telegraph and money order office Colyton. 10 miles. Pohangina. County.
TE AWAITE, Marlborough. Sheep-farming district and settle­ment on Cook Strait; 18 miles north-cast by weekly steamer from Picton (fare 3s); in Marlborough County. Is in Tory Channel, Queen Charlotte Sound, about 1 m up. and is in a sheltered nook or bay beneath steep precipices. In 1827 Captain Guard established a whaling station here, and in 1839. when it had sonic 40 houses. Colonel Wakefield arrived as agent of the N.Z. Co. Post and telegraph station. Dr. at Picton. 18 m. Name means "little river." only a small creek here. Was an old Maori village and pa. A whaler named Thorns, married to a sister of the chief. Rauparaha. lived here from 1827. Cannibal feasts were frequent amongst the tribes, and in 1832 he saw 20 head­less trunks brought in in canoes and roasted on the beach before his house, making the celebration of a tribal victory.
TE AWAKINO. Stream flowing into Wairoa. near Dargaville.
TE AWAMUTU, Auckland. Pastoral, agricultural, and dairying oentre situated on Waipa River ; 100 miles south-west by rail from Auck­land ; in Waipa County. Wheat, for which the land in this district is well suited, is principal cereal grown here. Sheep and dairy-farming are other occupations. Has brick works, dairy factories, flaxmills, etc. Two hotels, 6s per day. Agency Bank N. Z. Good shooting— hare, quail, rabbit, and duck—just outside township. Trout fishing in vicinity. Very fair cycling roads in summer. Te Awamutu is a town district with a population of about 450. Has post, telegraph, money order, and Government offices, and closes for half day on Wednesday. Coaches run from here to Kihikihi and Pirongia daily. Named from what was once a blind creek close to the township, " Te awa-mutu" meaning "The finish or end of the creek." Several historical battles with the, Maoris were fought in this district. Near here was Rangiaohia, where a battle with Maoris took place on Sunday, 21st February. 1864. Otawhao. by which name Te Awamutu was formerly known, was where the troops, after the above fight, camped with the dead and wounded at the Rev. John Morgan's mission station, and it being Sunday Bishop Selwyn preached. At Orakau. near by, the last Maori battle in the Waikato look place, the fight lasting two davs in April, 1864. Resident Dr.
TE AWAROA. See Hauturu.'
TE AWATEHI. Tributary of North Wairoa River.
TEDDINGTON, Canterbury. Farming and fruit-growing settlement; 13 miles south-west from Lyttelton. Coach via Governor's Bay (5s return), three miles; in Akaroa County, on Banks Peninsula. Post and telephone office. Named after farm whjoh was named after place on Thames, Eag., by first owner. Good roads for motors. Is at head of bay. Dr. at Lyttelton, 3 m.
TEDDY'S HILL (6173ft). Interior Ashburton Co.
TE HAKA. Portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
TE HAMA. The name of a station shortly to be opened on the North Auckland railway. Railway at present open to Wellsford, which see.
TE HAPARA, Auckland,2m west from Gisborne, by bus (6d. return.) Nearest tel Makaraka, 1 m. Nolson Bros, freezing works are here, also store, cordial factory, and post office. Dr. at Gisborm-, 2 m.
TE HAROTO. 40 miles north-east from Napier by coach weekly (40s return). Maori settlement. School and station being only European residents. Native school, where is the post and telephone office. Pigeon shooting and fishing. Roads good for cycling ill summer.
TE HATEPE. Native settlement on Waiapu River. Waiapu Co.
TE HAUKE, Hawke's Bay. Railway siding 25 miles south from Napier, on the Napier-Wellington line, te Ante, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Named after a spring. A Maori settlement, with Maori carved house.
TE HENGA. 8 m from Swanson, on the Weet Coast, near month of Waitakere River. Fresh water lake. Boarding houso (30s a week). Oood fishing, shooting, bathing. Fine scenery. Rail from Auckland to Waitakere, then by road 8 in. Conveyance from boarding-house meets trains.
TE HENUI. See New Plymouth.
TE HIRUA, Auckland. 44 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Tuakau, thence 7 in. Sawmilling and farming. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Tuakau.
TE HO HEADS. A conspicuous hill 272ft high, on coast forming side of entrance to Kati Kati Harbour.
TE HOE, Auckland. 71 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Ohinewai. thence mail cart 7 m. Saw-milling and farming. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Matahuru, 6 m, and nearest doctor at Huntly. 15 m.
TE HOMARU. Point in Kaipara Harbour.
TE HONO, or KAURI POINT, in Manukau Harbour.
TEHOKI, near Canvastown.
TE HORO, Wellington. 43 miles N.E. from Wellington by rail; in Horowhenua County. There are some 10 to 12 farms here, but no store or hotel nearer than Otaki. Named from a bush fruit which grows here. Good trout fishing. Post and terph O. Dr. at Otaki, 4 m.
TE HORO, near Port Awanui, Waiapu County.
TE HOUHI. 210 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, thence bi-weekly coach 39 miles. Situated at the end of the Galatea Valley, which is 14 miles long. Excellent trout fishing, and good shooting. Boarding for tourists. Sheep and dairy farming. Galatea horses are well known in New Zealand for their hardiness. Named from a tree used by Natives for thatching. Good road to Rangaitaiki Falls, 5 m; five falls from 10 to 60 feet high.' Amagnificent .sight. Nearest doctor Rotortia. 39 m. Tel O at Murupara 12 miles.
TE HOUKA, Otago. Small farming settlement, 59 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Balclutha. then six miles. On the Kaihiku Stream ;iml Kaihiku Fails, 3 m off. Good trout fishing. Nearest telegraph Balclutha. 6 m, where doctor is. Post office.
TE HOWHAI. Agricultural district on Waipa River.
TE HUNUA. Clearing in bush on Rotorua-Tepuke road, once a mail coach stage.
TE HURA. near Taipa.
TEHURUHI BAY, Waiheke Island
TE INA. See Orepuki.
TE KAMA, Auckland. Maori settlement, 199 miles south-east by steamer from Thames; on Bay of Plenty, to the north-east; in Whakatane County. Native school, Anglican church, and native minis­ter ; also hotel and store here. A prosperous maize-growing district owned by Native farmers. Is also a whaling station. Shooting-pheasants, etc.—good. Mails weekly. Nearest telegraph office at Opotiki, 40 m. Name means "Great net of Tiki." Is 40 m from Cape Runaway.
TE KAHIKATEA. Tributary of North Wairoa River.
TE KAHU, near Te Awamutu
TE KAIO. Tumbledown Bay, south of Banks Peninsula.
TE KAO, Auckland. 280 miles from Auckland by fortnightly steamer (40s) via Hohoura. Is situated within sight of Parengarenga Har hour, and mid-way between East and West Coasts, or seven miles from the famous West Coast beach. Chief industry gum digging. Pheasant ;md duck shooting and good fishing. Post and telephone. On river Awapokii. Niime means "place of scraped baked kumara." Nearest doctor Kaihope. 30 m.
TE KARA, Auckland. Fanning settlement, 30 miles north­east by tri-weekly steamer from Auckland (thre« hours, 5s). On small peninsula in Hauraki Gulf; in Rodney County. No hotel, but boarding house, and there is no store here. There is also a little kauri gum trading done. Post office Warkworth 12 m, where Dr is. Good fishing.
TE KAPO. See Burke's Pass.
TE KARAKA, Auckland. Situated 18 miles north-west inland from Gisborne by rail. There is a hotel, stores, and sawmill employ­ing a few liund« in settlement, all others being engaged in sheep and dairy farming. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Resident doctor.
TE KARETU. Point in Akaroa Harbour.
TE KARORO. Point, south of Banks Peninsula.
TE KAU. See Barry's Bay.
TE KAURI. Stream flowing into Kawhia Harbour.
TE KAUWHATA. Auckland. 54 m S. from Auckland by rail, farming and fruit growing. A Govt. experimental fruit station here, where grapes are grown in the open, and good claret has been made. 30 acres being down in vines. Cuttings of vines from this vinery are distributed very largely throughout the grape-growing districts in Hew Zealand. The farm is called "Waerenga Farm," but corres pondence should be addressed to this post office. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor Huntly, 12 m.
TE KAWAKAWA. See Te Araroa,
TE KAWANGA. Part of Sanatorium Grounds at Rotorua.
TE KIKOHI. Hill near Makuri.
TE KINGA, Westland. 27 miles east by rail from Greymouth in Grey County. A railway siding on the Midland railway. An accommo­dation house, three farms, and a sawmill employing a few hands constitute the settlement. Post office. Nearest telegraph wffice Moana, 3 m. Trout fishing to be had, also shooting.
TE KIRI, Taranaki. 90 miles north-west from Wanganui. Bail to Eltham, then 18 m daily coach. Telephone, M. O. and S. B. office. Name was formerly Punihu Stream, but changed to Te Kiri, which means "Plenty of stone."
TE KOA.See Hohoura.
TE KOA PEAK (2310ft), Banks Peninsula.
TE KOHANGA TAHEKE. Native settlement on southern slope of Paeroa Range. 24 m from Rotorua.
TE KOMITI, Am-klarid. 44 m N.W. from Auckland. Rail to Hellensville then on. Post office. Farming.
TE KOPI. Harbour in Palliser Bay.
TE KOPURU, Auckland. 70 miles from Heleneville. OnKaipara Harbonr, the northern arm of which runs up to the Wairoa River. Several steamers pass to and fro on river, which is navigable from the Heads (Ponto) to the junction 90 miles, and 30 miles from Heads to Helensville. arriving daily. Timber, sawmills, kauri gum, and farming. Splendid shooting and good fishing at the heads. Roads fair. Private board ing, 25s per week. Northern Wairoa hospital has a prominent posi­tion on outskirts, and there is also a creamery. Headquarters of harbour master and Customs officers for Kaipara Harbour. Tele­graph and money order office. Named after an aromatic shrub growing on cliff sides lised by Natives to scent pigeons' fat and ochre which they used for anointing. Dr. At hospital here.
TE KOROA, Auckland. 199 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Mangonui, 10 miles by coach to Peria. thence five miles horse. Is situated on the Waikianga River. Kauri timber cutting. "Te Koroa" means "Long clover." Good shooting. Nearest telegraph office Peria, 5 in. Doctor at Mangonui, 15 m. Post office here.
TE KOROKORO. Portion of Ohinemutu.
TE KOUMA. A bay in Coromandel Harbour.
TE KOURA. 165 miles by rail from Auckland, on the Main Trunk line. For post and telephone office see Ongarue, 5 m distant. Named on account of number of crawfish in the Ongarue here.
TE KOUTU. Abandoned Native settlement on Okataina Lake.
TE KOUTUNUI. See Tokomaru Bay.
TE KOWHAI, Auckland. 81 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Frankton Junction, thence 3 miles. Post and telegraph office. Waipa County.
TE KUHA. On the Westport-Bulfer road. Telephone office. Formerly known os Nine-mile.
TE KUITI, Auckland. 126 miles south from Auckland by rail; in Waitomo County. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Fishing and shooting. Name means "The Narrows," on river.
This is the chief town in the King Country. Has bi-weekly newspaper and is a rising town with three banks, resident doctors, several large boarding houses, and private hotels, public library, and the usual business places of a thriving town. No licensed hotel.
TE KUMI. A railway station 124 miles from Auckland Hungatiki, 4 m distant, nearest post and telegraph office; but Te Kuiti (6 m) is post town for this place. Name means "to pull up." or "stop."
TEKUNIE. Native settlement, Otorohanga.
TE KURI. Tributary of North Wairoa River.
TE KUTA. Hawke's Bay. 45 miles from Napier. Mails overland by pack-horse. Mohaka, 10£ miles distant. Situated on the banks of the Waikari River, close to the sea, and about the centre of Hawke's Bay. A very beautiful river, still clear water for five miles and splendid for boating ; beautiful scenery on the banks. Good fishing in the river and off the mouth of the river in calm weather. Shooting is very plentiful and during the season is visited by a number of shooters, and very good bags obtained.
TE MAI. See Whakataki.
TE MAIKA. 143 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Onehunga, steamer to Kawhia 133 miles (22s), thence steam launch 3 miles (2s return). Good shooting and fishing. Flaxmill. Native settlement. Post and telephone office.
TE MAIRE LAKE. Near Shannon.
TE MAPARA, Auckland. 140 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti, then coach 20 m. Post office.
TE MATA, Auckland. 131 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Hamilton, coach tri-weekly to Raglan. 36 m (10s), then hire 8 m. Only steamer to Raglan direct, which see for route, particulars of district, and accommodation. There are about 50 settlers here. Post, tele­phone and money order office. Lovely waterfall, called Bridal Veil, has sheer drop of 196ft on Pakako River amidst dense bush, but, with good road. Name means "place where native with bullet lived." from Native wounded in Maori war living here. Raglan. 8m.
TE MATA, Hawke's Bay. An extensive fruit and wine producing district, near Havelock, and 15 miles from Napier. Havelock is nearest post office.
TE MATAI. See Palmerston North.
TE MAWHAI. Tokomaru Bay, Waiapu County.
TE MEHIA, Marlborough. Post office near Blenheim.
TE MIMI O-KAKAHI. Waterfall (warm) near Tikitere Spring. Rotorua.
TE MOAHAU, Wellington. 95 miles north-east from Wanganui. Rail to Mangaonoho then coach tri-weekly 40 miles. Is on main trunk road, 2,000 feet above sea level. Coach also bi-weeklr to and from Tokaann.
TE MOANA, Canterbury. Well-settled farming district, 30 miles north-west from Timaru. Rail to Orari, then coach and hire via Geraldine 11 miles. In Geraldine County. Named after the River Te Moana. Nearest telegraph office Geraldine, 8 m. On banks of Hae Te Moana River and at foot of Mt. Four peaks. Name means "sea" or ''lake." Post office. Doctor at Geraldine, 8 m.
TE MOANA GORGE. Near Pleasant Point.
TEMPERATURE. The colony extends north and south about 1,000 miles; the temperature is therefore higher in the North than South Island. In Auckland city theMnean of surftBier is "Wdeg in shade, and 45 deg in winter; afc New Plymouth, 64deg summer, 49deg winter ; \apier, 66deg summer, 49deg winter; Wellington, 62deg summer, 48deg winter, and mean for year, 55.4deg. Blenheim, 65deg summer, 44deg winter; Nelson city, 63deg summer, 46deg winter; Hokitika, 59deg summer, 45deg winter ; Christcburch, 62deg summer, 43deg winter, mean for year, 52.37deg; Dunedin, 57deg summer, 43deg winter; Invercargill. 58deg summer, 42deg winter ; Queenstown (the Lakes), 64deg summer. 40deg winter. The mean annual temperature of the North Island is 57deg, and of the South Island 52deg (London is 51deg). The mean for .the colony is for spring 55deg, summer 63deg, autumn 57deg, and winter 48deg.
TEMPLE BURN or PRECIPICE CREEK. 4 m above Glenorchy.
TEMPLETON, Canterbury. Nine miles south-west by rail from Christchurch; in Selwyn County. Post, telephone, and money order office. Templeton is one of the many closely-settled farming townships in this district. The township proper consisting of flourmill, one hotel, stores, bakeries, smithy, and a saddler. District has well-kept roads, and is level for miles. The place, which was named after the first settler here, is on the main routh road, ami has good hare shooting. Or at Lincoln. 6 m.
TE MU. Site of Church of England Mission station at Te Wairoa. 10 in from Rotorua, destroyed by Tarawera eruption of 1886.
TEMUKA, Canterbury. On the Temuka River, five miles from sea coast and 12 miles from Timaru bv rail. Centre of sheep and farming district, woolscouring and flourmilling industries. Good hare shooting, and the best fishing in New Zealand : In Temuka River, fly; in Opihi River, one mile and a-half, fly and minnow take well; near mouth of Orari. eight miles, fly take also; Rangitata River, 16 miles, is famous for its minnow fishing. Private board 20s to 25s, and hotels. Excellent cycling roads to the above rivers. Two tri-weekly newspapers, two banks, post, telegraph, and money order office. The name Temuka means in Maori "Te-umu-kaha—the oven strong," and so named on account of the numerous Maori ovens for cooking cabbage trees, which used to grow plentifully in river bed and district. Population, 741. Resident doctors.
TE NAMU, Nelson. Post office and boarding house, 40 m from Westport. Rail to Seddonville, then 21 m; or by monthly steamer direct. See also Little Wanganui.
TE NGAE, Auckland. 180 miles from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua. thence nine miles by coach daily (5s). Situated on east margin of Lake Rotorua, two miles from the celebrated Tikitere boiling springs, hot mud baths, and weird sights, namely, "Hell's Gate," "Satan's Glory," "In­ferno." (See Tikitere). District occupied by Maoris, some 600. (See Rotorua.) Good shooting (pheasants and hares) and salmon trout fishing. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Rotorua. 9 m. Was formerly a mission station and site of the Rotorua telegraph office.
TE NGAIRE. A Native settlement near Kaeo.
TE -NGAWA Bay on north bank of N. Wairoa River.
TENGAWAI, Canterbury. Railway siding 35 miles from Timaru, on the Timaru-Fairlie line. Albury, six miles distent, is the nearest telephone office. Fallow deer here (protected). Very beautiful gorge, with sides covered with native bush, where native birds abound. Is on shallow and shingly river of same name. Name means "Shining" or " Silver water," but the correct spelling should be Te Ngawai. Dr. at Fairlie, 10 m. Albury is post office.
TE NIHOOTE KIORE. On Waikato River near Upper Aniwhanawha Falls.
TEN-MILE CREEK, Westland. 10 miles from Greymouth (which is the nearest telegraph office) by horse. On the sea coast. A gold mining locality.
TEN MILE CROSSING. 6m from Athol.
TEN MILE TRACK. Paparoa Range.
TENUI. See Tinui.
TE OKA, Canterbury. 41 m S.E. from Christchiirch. Rail to Little River, then 5 m. Sheep farming. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Little River, 5 m.
TE ONEROA, Southland. 100 miles north-west from Invercargill by monthly steamer. Mining district. Plenty of shooting and fishing. Mail service only once a month. In Fiord County. Nearest boarding-house, Cromarty, 3 miles, Te Oneroa means "long beach." Post and telephone. See also Cromarty.
TE OPI. At Sulphur Pt., close to Tauranga
TE ORE ORE. See Masterton.
TE PAARAKI. (The barracks) now called Strathmore. A run 30 miles south of Rotorua.
TE PAHU, Auckland. 99 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia. Then coach 15 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Karamu, 3 m. Dairy farming, with creamery.
TE-PAI-O-TU-RAWARU. A Native settlement near Walton.
TEPA-NUI-O-HAU (411ft). Summit of Onawe Peninsula.
TE PAPA, Auckland. See Tirau.
TE PAPA, Canterbury. See Motunau.
TE PAPAPA. A railway station seven miles from Auckland, on the Auckland-Onehunga line. Telegraph and post office at Onehunga.
TE PAPAKUKU. Small settlement 3 m from Dannievirke.
TE-PA-O-TE-ATUA. Abandoned Native settlement in Rotorua district.
TE PI RITA, Canterbury. 45 m S. from Christchurch. Rail to Bankside or Rakaia, then 9 m. Post and telephone office. Farming. Formerly known as Meade.
TE PU, Auckland. 184 m S.E. from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, then coach 13 m (5s). Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Rotorua.
TE PUHI, Auckland. Railway siding 103 miles from Auck­land, on the Auckland-Taumarunui line. Te Awamutu, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
TE PUIA SPRINGS, Auckland. Post and telegraph office, in Gisborne district. The Government purchased Te Puia township and hot springs (700 acres) in February, 1909. 64 m N. from Gisborne by coach or steamer to Tokomaru Bay or Waipiro Bay, then 7 atid 5 m respectively. Boarding house and hospital.
TE PUKATEA. Native settlement, Churchill district.
TE PUKE, Auckland. 98 miles S.E. from Thames. Rail to Rotorua then tri-weekly coach 38 m; or coach from Tauranga tri­weekly 18 m (5s). Maize growing, flaxmilling, and dairy farming, three creameries and one butter factory. Chief supply of meat for Thames, and tipper Thames mining districts supplied from here.
The first organised emigration of Irishmen to New Zealand was for the settlements of Te Puke and Katikati in 1878, for which pur pose a band of County Tyrone Orangemen was organised by Mr George Vesey Stewart.
Roads good in summer. One hotel and private board. The soil here is of sandstone and black piumice, of rich character, and more or less volcanic. All the land is good and the settlers well-to-do Post and telegraph office. Name "Te Puke" means "The hill." The old Maori location of this town was on an elevation and within a mile of the present location. Good shooting and fishing. Dr. resident. One bank.
TE PUNA, Auckland. 75 in south from Thames. Rail to Waihi, then coach 38 m (50s). Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Tauranga, 7 m. Name means "water springs," from number of rivers around here.
TE PUNAO-TUHOE. Cold spring at foot of Ngongotah;. Mt. 3 m from Rotorua. Now called Lilly Fountain.
TE PUPUKE. Native settlement 4 m from Kaeo.
TE PURU, Marlborough. 63 miles from Blenheim, on coast over­looking Cook Strait. Coach to Havelock (7s 6d) daily, then by boat weekly (5s) 35 m. Fishing and shooting plentiful. Nearest telegraph office at Whakatahnri, 3 miles distant. Is a post office.
TE RAHA. Native settlement near Mercer.
TE RAHU. See Te Awamutu and Ngaroto.
TE RAHUI. Near Port Awanui.
TE-RAI-0-RAHIRE. Range near Mangakahia.
TE RAKO MT. (5708ft.). Waiau, Canterbury.
TE RANGA. Trig station between Waikari and Whangaruru.
TE RANGAAKAUPO, Wanganui. Post office.
TERANGI TAUMAKI (1762ft.) See Castle Hill.
TE RAPA, Auckland. Railway siding 81 miles south from Auckland, on Main Trunk line. Agricultural district. Good trout fishing. Post and telephone. Dr. at Hamilton, 4 m.
TE RAPA. Farming district, 5 m from Hamilton, Waikato.
TE RAUAMOA, Auckland. 124 miles from Auckland. Rail to Te Awamutu, daily coach from there on to Pirongia, thence mail coach bi-weekly. Money order office. A bush settlement. Wild cattle, pigs, and pigeon shooting. One accommodation house. Tele­graph office at Pirongia, 16 miles. Weekly mail service. Te Rauamoa is half way between Kawhia and Pirongia. Coach runs twice a week between Kawhia and Pirongia (30 miles). Coach to Oparau Ferry, then steam launch into Kawhia, six miles (15s through). " Te Raumoa," means "One hundred divisions." Post, and tel. office and telephone bureau.
TE RAUTAHI. See French Farm.
TE RAUPO. Native settlement near Port Awanui.
TERAWHITI. Caps 8 m W. from Wellington Heads. See Makara.
TE REHUNGA. Small settlement about 9 m from Dannevirke, Farming. Post and telephone office.
TE REINCA, Auckland. Post office. 50 m S.W. from Gisborne, by coach. Nearest doctor Wairoa. 21 m. Waterfall, scenic reserve, and Native settlement.
TEREMAKAU, Westland. On Teremakau River, 14 miles north by rail from Hokitika, or 9 miles by rail from Greymouth. No township, no roads: one hotel. Camerons is post office for here. Doctor at Kumara. 6 m.
TE RERENGA. Stream on Rotorua. Tauranga bush road.
TE RERENGA Auckland. 46 miles from Auckland. Steamer daily to Coromandel, then six miles. Postoffice. Nearest telegraph Whangapoua. 3 m. In Coromandel Co. Nearest doctor at Coromandel.
TE RIMU. 28 m from Wanganui by River. A Maori settlement.
TE RIMU See Te. Araroa.
TE ROPIHA. Steam hole high up on the northern flank of Paeroa Range between, Rotorua and Orakeikorako.
TE ROPITA. Natire reserve near Masterton.
TE RORE, Auckland. 113 m S.W. from Auckland. Rail to Te Awamutu. then coach 10 m. Large farming district, 3 miles from Pirongia. The Waipa River flows through the centre of the district. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Pirongia.
TE ROTI, Taranaki. Dairy-farming settlement, 36 miles, N.W. by rail from New Plymouth and 4 miles from Normanby, nearest township, which see also for further particulars of district. Daily factory and creamery. No hotel or accommodation bouse. Good beans and grass seed district. Is near the banks of Waingongora River, in which there is good trout fishing. Post office and telephone. Doctor at Elham. 5 m.
TE ROU, Marlborough. In Wairau Valley. 32 m from Blen­heim by bi-weekly coach (10s). Post and telelegraph office. Farming, fishing and deer stalking.
TERRACE END. Railway aiding two miles from Palmerston North. Post and telephone office. Is the N.E. portion of Palmereton North, being the end of a natural terrace. Bus to and fro every hour. Post, money order, and telegraph office.
TE RAUPARAHA. See Plimmerton.
TE RUAHINE (646ft). E. head of Akaroa Harbour.
TERUA TUPAPAKU. Small lake, Hobson County.
TE RUNA. 4 m from Rawene.
TESCHEMAKERS, Otago. Railway siding 71 miles north from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Christchurch line. A quantity of Oamaru stone is taken from the quarries here. Nearest post office Reidston. Called after Teschemaker, station owner here.
TE TAAPAHORO. Outlet of Lake Tarawera, also native settle­ment abandoned since 1886.
TE TAHEKE. Near outlet of Lake Rotoiti on Rotorua—Te Puke mail route. 15 m from Rotorua.
TE TAKAPU OTU. A portion of Ohinemutu.
TE TAPUAE. A portion of Ohinemutu. Rotorua.
TETAURI, Otiamuri.
TE TAWA. Deserted Native pa on Okotaina Lake, Rotorua.
TE TE ISLAND, Pelorus Sound.
TE TEKO, Auckland. 165 miles south from Thames. Rail to Rotorua, thence 42 m coach Mon., Wed., and Fri., returning following days. In Whakatane; County. A Maori settlement, with a hotel and Native school. Telephone and post office. Trout fishing and shooting to be had. On the main road between Whakatane and Rotorua. A battle between British and Maoris was fought here in 1865, when a Maori pa was captured.
TE TOARA. Point on Manukau Harbour.
TETOKI. Landing, end of Whangamatn Harbour.
TE TORO. On coast south of Manukau Harbour by frequent steamers, via Awhitu from Onehunga. Alto name of small stream flowing into Rotoiti Lake. Steamer also direct tri-weekly from Onehunga.
TE TUA, Auckland. See Helensville.
TE TUA, Southland. Farming settlement, 51 miles from Invercargill by rail, near mouth Waiau River. In Wallace County. Post and telephone. Good trout fishing and shooting. Dr. at Orepuki, 10 m.
TE TUHI. A post office in Wanganui district.
TE TUMUTU. A railway station 47 miles from Invercargill, on the Invercargill-Orepuki line. Orepuki, four miles distant, is nearest post and telegraph office.
TE TUPARO. On left bank of Utuhuia Stream, near Rotorua. Original site of Rotorua post office.
TE UKU, Auckland. 106 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Hamilton, thence tri-weekly coach 20 miles (7s 6d and 12s 6d), thence 9 miles. In Raglan County. Farming, flaxmilling, and butter-making ; also timber industry. Telephone and money Older office and savings bank. Named from a clay hill, "Te Uku." in the vicinity. On River Waitetnna. Dr. at Raglan, 9 m.
TE UMUTEREHU. Near German Bay.
TE URETURA. Stream flowing into Tauranga Harbour.
TE URI, Hawke's Bay. 79 miles south from Napier. Rail to Ormondville, then mail cart (Tues. and Fri.) 14 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Whetukuru, 9 m, and nearest doctor at Ormondville.
TE URUWHAO. Near Te Aroha.
TEVIOT. One of the best fruit-growing districts in New Zealand, of which Roxburgh is the chief township, which see. The first settle­ment named Teviot was on the E. bank of river. Years afterwards Government surveyed present town on W. bank and named it Rox­burgh. Teviot then became name of a riding. Named by early sur­veyors after Teviot in Scotland.
TE WAERENGA. Native settlement near outlet of Lake Rotorua.
TE WAE WAE, Southland. 48 m N.W. from Invercargill by rail. Post, and telegraph office Farming.
TE WAE WAE BAY, Southland Province. In Foveaux Strait. Month of Waiau River is here. Orepuki, on foreshore, is settlement.
TE WAIHI. Waterfall near Te Karetu Point. Akaroa.
TE WAHAPU, Bay of Islands.
TE WATRERE. Hill near Ngaturi.
TE WAIROA. Another name for Wairoa. Auckland Province, which see.
TEWAIS POINT. North spit entrance Bluff Harbour.
TE WEKA, Marlbprough. On main channel of Tory Channel, 11 miles from Picton. Fishing launch to and from, weekly (2s 6d, and 4 lelurni. Whaling, fishing, and sheep: supplies Wellington market with fish (blue cod, moki, hapmika, crayfish, and others in abundance). Bad roads for cycling. Has no hotel, but private board at 25s per week. Post and telephone office.
Tory Channel being narrow and tortuous affords shelter no matter what winds may blow, no seas of any consequence can rise, comparative calm always exists. Fish abounds and can be caught in abundance from the shore. Want of accommodation has hitherto prevented visitors, but accommodation has and is being provided. The Union S.S. boat passes daily to and from Wellington, which is only about 30 miles distant across the straits. All the settlers here (whose holdings range between 200 to 2000 acres) are sheep-farmers. To Weka shortened from Ta-papa Weka. originally Tapu-pa-weka. Name of the bay and always associated with superstition as name indicates. Trig E., the "last high land" (Tarankawau) of Middle Island, 1887ft high, is directly over Cook straitand has the whole of the strait in view with Wellington entrance and whole panorama of the Sounds, Cloudy Bay. and Port Underwood behind. Wellington lies S.E., whereas Tory Channel turns northward. Dr. at Picton, 11 m. Nearly every settler has a motor launch. Refer also to Tory Channel.
TE WERA, Taranaki. 55 m rail E. from New Plymouth. Ter­minus of the Stratford-Ongarue line. Post and telegraph office.
TE WHAANGA. Native settlement near Raglan.
TE WHAITI, Auckland. 230 miles from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, thence 56 miles by coach every Saturday. One river is to be crossed on the way from Rotorua—namely, Rangitaiki. All the streams and rivers are bridged as far as Te Whaiti. There are good roads all the way, even across the Kaingaroa Plains. Te Whaiti, as the name indicates, is a narrow place, and is situated in the valley of the Whirinaki River. High hills extend along both sides of the river. In season there are pheasants and pigeons in abundance, also good fishing. Weekly mail service. Nearest telegraph office is at Mnripara. A Native settlement 18 miles from Galatea. Name means "a gorge." Nearest doctor at Rotorua.
TE WHARARIKI. Headland between Maruhoii and Horowera, Grisborne.
TE WHARAU. 86 miles from Wellington. Rail to Carterton, thence bi-weekly coach (7s 6d) W miles. Sheep farming district. Sawmill recently been started here. Post and telegraph office. Name means "Red fern." Coach runs from here to Flat Point.
TE WHARAU. Coaling station and loading ground. Opua.
TE WHARAU. Near Duvauchelle.
TE WHAREKAKAHO. Near Duvauchelle.
TE WHATAMANGO. Near Tikao Bay.
TE WHIRO. Headland W. Coast, Hobson County.
TE WHETU MATARAU. Hill S. of Kawakawa. Site of pah destroyed by chief Ngapuhi in 1827.
TE WHITI, Wellington. 79 miles from Wellington. Chief postal town Masterton. Name means "The hoop." the rivers forming a hoop round the district. Nearest telegraph office Masterton, eight miles. Was formed as a Scandinavian settlement in 1872.
THAMES, Auckland (including Tararu, Kauaeranga. Parawai, Shortland. and Grahamstown). A seaport and goldfields municipality situated at the mouth of the Waihou River, on the Firth of Thames; is 42 miles south from Auckland by steamer daily (fare : 8s single, 13s return) ; or by rail daily (fare, 30s return). Trains run daily through to Auckland and Rotorua, and twice daily to Te Aroha and Waihi. Town lighted by gas; has good water supply, and population of 3900. Then is a School of Mines (well attended and showing good results). High, Convent. Roman Catholic, and State schools, and public library here, two daily papers, two banks, and post, tele­graph, and Government offices. There are many hotels and boarding houses. Splendid cycling roads. Fine bush scenery around the town, and the mines are varied and well worthy of inspection. Half-holiday held here on Thursday. Mining operations have been very active here of late owing largely to the impetus given by the recent grant of £5000 given by Government for deep level schemes and subsidised by the mining companies. The fishing industry has assumed large proportions, the Thames being the principal source of Auckland's fish supply. To cope with the increased fishing require­ments two freezing and cold storage works have been erected. The river was named from its resemblance to the English Thames by Captain Cook, who visited its mouth on November 16, 1769. The Native name of the river is Waiho. and flows north, falling into Hauraki Gulf.
THE ALDERMAN. Rocks east of Tairua Harbour.
THE BRIDGE. A passage between Mana Island and the main­land.
THE BROTHERS. Hills near Okuku Range, Canterbury.
THE CAMP. See Dreyerton.
THE CAMP. A Government mental home. N.E. Harbour, near Dunedin. Used to be knoun as Larnach's Castle.
THE COVE, Bream Bay, Waipu.
THE DOME. Hill 1037ft, near Warkworth.
THE DOWNS. Near Bennetts.
THE FORKS, Westland. Inland from Okarito; 78 miles south by auxiliary schooner every two months from Hokitika to Okarito, irregular (30s): or by weekly mail cart from Ross, 60 miles, where doctor is. Timber, mining (sluicing and dredging), and agriculture. Near coast. Duck, pigeon, swan, and kaka plentiful. Good river fishing. Francis Joseph glacier, lakes and hot springs at Waiho in vicinity may be reached by cycle ; roads fair. Private board (30s) and two hotels ; post and telephone office. Named because junction of two roads and on junction of outlet of Lake Mapourika and Lake Wahapo which meet here
THE GLEN. Watering place, 8 m from Nelson.
THE GLEN. See Mornington, Dunedin.
THE GORGE. A railway station three miles from Woodville, which is nearest post office.
THE KEY. On Manapouri Lake and Waiau River, 99 miles west from Invercargill. Rail to Mossburn, and thence coach on Saturday and Tuesday, returning from there on Monday and Thursday at 6 a.m. (fare 25s). Coaches also run to and from Lumsden. Steamers on lake for tourists. Sheep farming and tourist traffic. Grood shooting (mixed game). Good cycling roads. Has one hotel 10s per day), but no private boarding. This is terminus of road from Otautan to lakes, and is 12 miles from Lake Te Anau. Telephone. Post office. Named by J. Bench, but why, no information. Is 35 m from Lumsden, and is junction of Lakes Manapouri and Te Anau. Dr. at Lumsden.
THE KUMERAS. Mouth of Motueka Eiver, formerly large Native settlement.
THE LANDING. River crossing between Westport and Reefton, where boats used to land goods
THE MAIN CHANNEL. Entrance to Wellington Heads between Barretts Reef and Pencarrow Head.
THE MONUMENT. Rocks on hill, Port Levy.
THE NARROWS. Narrowest part of Waikato River, spanned by a bridge.
THE NARROWS. 2 m from Riverton.
THE NECK. The chief Native settlement in Stewart Island at which there is a Native school. See Paterson's Inlet. Is really a peninsula separated by a low narrow sandy neck from the mainland. On this sandy neck the old Natives lived years ago, but it is now deserted. Named by the whalers in the olden days. In 1844 a.40-ton schooner was built here by Capt. Joss and one carpenter. The Maori name was Wehi-ngao-te-Wera, and it was here that important council meetings, or koreros, of the ancient Maoris were held.
THE NECK, Kennys Isle.
THE PEAKS, Canterbury. Sheep-farming settlement, onHuramri River, 60 miles north from Christchurch. Rail to Medbury, thence seven miles. In Ashley County. Post iind telephone office. Named from the mountains which bound it on the west and north-west. Hare and pig shooting and trout fishing good.
THE PORT. See Nelson.
THE REEF. See Bullendale.
THE ROCKS. Bay 5 m from Picton.
THE SNARES. A cluster of seven rocky islets, about 60 m S. of Stewart Island. Were known to the Maoris as Te Taniwha (the demon, or water monster). They were discovered by Captain George Vancouver in the ship Discovery, and named by him in November. 1791. Captain Broughton, in the Chatham, sighted them at 2 p.m. or the same day, and named them Knight's Islands, after Captain Knight, of the Navy; but as Vancouver had named them The Snares at 11 o'clock in the forenoon his name was retained. Captain Raven, in the Britannia, sighted them in December, 1892, and called them Sunday Islands. A castaway depot for shipwrecked mariners is maintained bj N.Z. Government on the principal island, and the Government steamei visits twice a year. See also Snares Island.
THE STACK. A rock at south head, Tolaga Bay.
THERMAL SPRINGS. The Thermal Springs district of N.Z, comprises an area of close on 1,000 square miles in Auckland provincial district. The length of the district being some 50 miles, with ar average breadth of 20 miles. Altitude, from 1,000ft to 2.000ft above sea level. The Thermal Springs district, however, as defined on the maps, by no means embraces the whole volcanic and hydro-thermal activity of the island. Although the volcanic slopes of Rnapehu and Tongariro bound thii region on the south, hot springs are found here and there for fully 50 miles beyond its western boundary, even as fai north as the Bay of Islands. These springs are of the most variety chemical character, and of every degree of temperature from 60deg to 212deg.
The Government have wisely chosen the southern shore of Lake Rotorua as the basis of operations for opening up this wonderful district, and have there opened the Rotorua sanatorium. The great object of this and kindred institutions as at present constituted is to enable the charitable aid boards of the country to send up for treatment a. class of patients who would not otherwise be able to avail themselves of the springs, while at the same time in no way interfering with the private enterprise of the hotels and the boarding houses in Rotorua. Tariffs varying from 28s per week.
The varieties of mineral waters are divided by Sir James Hector into five classes—viz., saline, alkaline, alkaline-siliceous, hepatic or sulphurous, and acidic. See also Rotorua, Whakarewarewa, and Tarawera.
THE SANDS. Holiday resort near entrance Nelson Harbour.
THE SHAGGERY. Favourite picnic resort near Motueka.
THE WART (1630ft). Hill, Cheviot.
THIRGYCOP Canterbury. 51 m north of Timaru by rail to Fairlie, thence 11 m drive. Is off the road to Mt. Cook hermitage. Farming and sheep rearing ; with good climate, though severe in winter, as it is on high land. Nearest Dr. at Fairlie. Teleph. and post office. Name given by early settler after a place in Wales.
THIRTEEN MILE BUSH. Source of Selwyn River, near Whitecliffs.
THOMAS CREEK. Tributary Mataura at Gore.
THOMAS RIVER, near Castle Hill.
THOMSON'S CROSSING. A railway siding 16 m from Invercargill, on Invercargill-Kingston railway. Winton is 3 m off. Named after a very early settler, John Thomson.
THOMSON MOUNTS. Range west side Lake Wakatipu.
THORNBURY, Otago. An old settled farming district, 20 miles north-west by rail from Invercargill; on Aparima (or Jacob's) River, one of the best fly rivers in the colony. In Wallace County. Telegraph and money order office. One store, two hotels, one saddler, and blacksmith constitute township. Telegraph, money order, and savings bank. Mail daily. Called after birthplace of Mrs Robt. Foster, one of the earliest settlers. Drs. at Riverton, 6 m.
THORNDON. North Ward of Wellington City, with post and telegraph office. See Wellington City.
THORPE, Nelson. 32 miles west from Nelson. Rail to Wake-field, then 15 m by coach tri-weekly (3s): in Waimea County. Situated on a tributary of the Motueka River, about seven miles inland from Upper Moutere, and about 16 miles from Motueka. There is plenty of shooting to be had, viz., rabbits at all seasons, and deer, hares, quail during season. A short distance down the river plenty of good sport may be had fishing for trout, which are very plentiful. A farming and hop-growing and grazing district, with one store only. Nearest hotel at Wakefield. Good accommodation house. Post, telephone, and money order office. Mail tri-weekly. Is in the Dovedale Valley (both places being named by first surveyors after English towns), on River Dove, which flows into Motueka River 3 ½ m one of the best rivers for trout in Nelson district. A pleasant drive it from Nelson to Motueka up the Motueka River to Dove River, thence to here. Dr. at Motueka, 17 m.
THREE CABLES, Auckland district.
THREE-CHANNEL FLAT, Nelson. On the Boiler River, 30 m E. from Westport by coach Tues and Fri (22s 6d return). Gold dredging. Good shooting—pigeons, kakas. and ducks; also trout fishing. Post and telephone office. So named because the Buller River here divides into three channels. A river flat on south bank of river surrounded by hills with picturesque scenery. Doctor at Reefton, 21 m. Winters mild, but wet.
THREE KINGS. The name of three rocks to the extreme north of New Zealand, where the steamer Elingainite was wrecked, with great loss of life. November 9, 1902. She had on board £17.320 treasure in 52 boxes. Seven attempts have been made to recover the treasure lost, with partial success. On the Big King Rock at the Three Kings a depot for castaways has been established.
THREE LOG WHARE. See Mangaweka.
THREE-MILE, Westland. Three miles from Hokitika (which see) by daily coach (6d). In Westland Co. Sawmills and two hotels. Farming settlement. A post and teleph. Dr. at Hokitika, 3 m.
TIAKITAHUNA. A railway station and post and telephone office 7 m from Palmerston North, on Longburn Junction Foxton line. Cheese factory.
TIHI-O-TONGA. 4 m south of Rotorua.
TIKAO BAY, Akaroa Harbour.
TIKAPU. 4 m from Port Awanui.
TIKI. Native name for Coromandel township.
TIKI-A-TAIKI. Old Maori pa, near Kaitaia.
TIKINUI, Auckland. Situated at month of Wairoa River, Kaipara Harbour; 81 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, then 50 m by steamer bi-wkly (12s 6d and 17s 6d). In Hobson County. Helensville is at the southern end and Tikinui at the northern end of Eaipara Harbour. One store here; no hotel; rest of settlement engaged in farming, gum, etc. Nearest telegraph office is Raupo. 2m.
TIKIRAU. The Native original name for Cape Runaway.
TIKITAPU. Blue lake 7 m from Rotorua.
TIKITERE. Thermal Springs district, 11 miles from Rotorua. A centre of volcanic activity, reached by a good road. Is a desolate valley of mud, volcanoes, and boiling springs in furious activity, and weird sights, named, "Hell's Gate," "Satan's Glory." " The Inferno," etc.. while the noted Blue Lake is about a mile away and should not be missed by the tourist paying a visit to here. See Rotorua.
TIKITIKI, Auckland. 84 miles from Gisborne. See Port Awanui. Name means " To carry."
TIKOKINO, Hawke's Bay. 50 miles south-west inland from Napier. Rail to Waipawa, then coach (13 miles) daily, returning same day; coach fare, 2s 6tl. Kai-ming. sheep, and sawmills. Good roads for cycling; cleared bush land. Has a post and telephone office; one hotel. Formerly' known as Hampden. Good fishing and shooting. Nearest doctor at Waipawa
TIKORANGI, Taranaki. 15 miles north-east from New Ply­mouth. Rail to Waitara, thence four miles; in Clifton County. The centre of a dairy and general farming district. One dairy factory here, no store or hotel nearer than Waitara, which see. Post and telephone. Doctors at Waitaia, 4m.
TIKORANGI. Sharp peaked hill at south-west end of Horohoro. 20 m from Rotorua.
TILINE RIVER. North of Canvastown.
TIMARU, Canterbury. A thriving seaport and borough, pleasantly situated ou rolling hills on Caroline Bay ; is 100 miles south of Christchurch and about 130 miles north from Dunedin. With suburbs it has a population of 11,311. It lias a well-constructed artificial harbour, the port of shipment for the agricultural and pastoral districts of Oeraldine, Timaru and Waimate. The harbour is enclosed by a breakwater built of blocks of concrete ; a rubble wall—the North Mole—starts from the shore a quarter of a mile away to the north, and extends easterly to a point 3000ft from the breakwater. Enclosed space is 50 acres. Depth of water at wharves at low and spring tides, 16ft to 20ft; at end of exten­sion wall, 27ft; steamers drawing 21ft berthed. Large additions to wharfage accommodation completed 1911. South Canterbury (Timaru is chief town) consists of large agricultural areas of good quality, backed by extensive sheep country. Hence Timaru possesses, perhaps, the largest flourmills in the Australian colonies, has extensive storage capacities for both grain and wool, whilst the port is frequently kept busy with the loading and discharging of cargoes. Woollen manu­facture is well represented, and freezing works are, in their extent, second only to such as those at Islington and Belfast. Besides these are large timber yards and sawmills, iron foundries, carriage factories, wool-scouring works, etc. The chief buildings in the main street—the large stores and the public buildings generally—are all built of brick or stone, the latter being the well-known Timaru blue stone, which gives to the town a substan­tial appearance. Some of the public buildings are the post and telegraph offices (with clock tower), Carnegie free library, hospitla, boys' and girls' High School, and Catholic Convent. Besides these there are three large public day schools, a Catholic day school, a theatre, and a Mechanics' Institute with reading room, R.M. Court, and Assembly rooms. The various churches are well represented. The English, Presbyterian, and Roman Catholic Churches are fine buildings ; whilst the Wesleyans, Congregational, and the Primitive Methodist bodies, as well as the Salvation Army, each have good substantial churches. The hotels, both licensed and no license, are large and commodious. The surrounding country is undulating and of an interesting character. The scene from the breakwater commands a view of the bay, the plains, and the outlying heights of the snowclad Southern Alps, which is one of the finest views in South Canterbury. On certain clear calm days from Timaru Mount Cook can be seen towering in all its grandeur behind the vast chain of the Southern Alps, but as the distance is 130 miles as the crow flies it can well be imagined that the sight of the distant mount is only faint. A pleasant drive may be enjoyed on the Timaru downs, whilst the bracing air and the lovely panoramic view render the outing a perfect one. Timaru possesses excellent roads for driving and cycling. The following are well worth beholding if the tourist has a few hours to spare:—Gleniti road (Maori name, Wai ite load), Pages' road. Hadlow. Bhiemims. and Otipua roads ; all may be accomplished in a few hours each. If the visitor has time to spare, the drive to the Zig-Zag is one that will repay him for such time. Once on the top of the hill a lovely panorama is stretched out to view which must be seen to be appreciated. The Pareora River is seen winding its way to the ocean, while as far as the eye can reach is laid out the rich undulating country—truly a land of promise—while away to the right are lovely clumps of native bush. Four miles south of Timaru lies the remains of the s.s. Elginshire, wrecked some 18 years ago. She lies close to the beach. A lighthouse has been erected near to the place of the wreck on a point called Pipiti Pt. There remains only to be noted that the pretty little beach formed under the shelter of the breakwater affords a great attraction alike to residents and visitors, and the bathing is, perhaps, much pleasanter and safer than that generally found in N.Z. Good fishing is afforded by the Rangitata, Opihi, and other rivers within easy reach by rail; also from here there is a branch line to Fairlie, 38 miles up country, and tourists pass through Timaru via this branch line en route for Mount Cook, which is reaehed by a good motor service, plying twice weekly between Fairlie and the Hermitage during the summer season (see Fairlie).
Good shooting is obtainable in the river beds, lagoons, and estuaries close at hand. Early in the sixties South Canterbury began to bid for immigrants, and several ships arrived at Timaru, containing chiefly people from Lancashire and Cornwall.
The town of Timaru. with recent extensions, is about 2000 acres in area. The main street is well bnilt in stone. There are good Government and business buildings. The largest cargo steamers call, and there are good facilities for loading. Has an excellent water supply by gravitation from River Pareora; public park, and extensive stretch of sand at Caroline Bay. 1000 candle-power gas lamps are errected at the wharf. The town is lighted by gas and electricity.
Timaru has an agricultural and pastoral association, the show of which is held in October; an acclimatisation society, a floral and horticultural society, branches of all the banks, two daily newspapers, hospital, library, post and telegraph and Government offices, and all the advantages of a city.
TIMARU. A stream south of New Plymouth.
TIMARU. A warm lagoon at Rotorua.
TIME. N.Z. mean time. Twelve o'clock at noon N.Z. mean time as compared with:—Adelaide, 9.41 a.m. ; Aden, 3.31 a.m. ; Amsterdam, 0.50 a.m. ; Alexandria, 2.30 a.m. ; Berlin, 1.24 a.m. ; Bombay, 6.22 a.m. ; Berne. 1.0 a.m. ; Boston, 7.44 p.m. ; Brindisi, 2.43 a.m. ; Brisbane. 10.42 a.m. ; Brussels, 0.48 a.m. ; Capetown, 1.44 a.m. ; Con­stantinople, 2.22 a.m. ; Dublin, 0.6 a.m. ; Florence, 1.39 a.m. ; Calcutta, 6.24 a.m. ; Chicago. 6.40 p.m. ; Copenhagen, 1.20 a.m. ; Edinburgh, 0.18 a.m. ; Hobart, 10.28 a.m. ; Jeddo, 9.10 a.m. ; Jerusalem, 2.51 a.m. ; Lisbon. 0.6 p.m. ; London. 0.30 a.m. ; Madras, 5.51 a.m. ; Madrid, 0.16 a.m. ; Malta. 1.28 a.m. ; Melbourne, 10.10 a.m. ; Montreal, 7.11 p.m. ; Munich. 1.16 a.m. ; Moscow, 3.1 a.m. ; New York, 7.34 p.m. ; Paris, 0.40 a.m. ; Pekin, 8.24 a.m. ; Penzance, 0.8 a.m. ; Philadelphia, 7.30 p.m. ; Quebec, 7.24 p.m. ; Rome. 1.20 a.m. ; San Francisco, 4.20 p.m. ; Singapore. 8.25 a.m. ; St. Petersburgh, 3.34 a.m. ; Suez, 3.0 a.m. ; Sydney, 10.35 a.m. ; Vienna, 2.36 a.m. N.Z. mean time is 11 hours 30 minutes wist of Greenwich mean time.
TIMPANYS. A railway station 16 miles from Invercargill, on the Invercargill-Waimahaka line. Kapuka, one mile distant, is nearest post and telephone office. Named after Timpany's sawmill, which uwd to be here.
TINAKORI RANGE. West of Wellington City.
TINIROTO, Auckland. 42 miles by Wairoa weekly couch, leaving Monday and returning Tuesday, from Gisborne; fare, 10s. A sheepfarming district; about 1000ft above sea level, with fine bracing climate. The township is famous for its fruit, chiefly cherries which grow in abundance, tons being left to rot on the ground. There is a large area of country in its native state, yet unoccupied. Scenery wonderful and beautiful, many small lakes, Te Reinga Falls (five miles), and the famous Lake Waikaremoana within 15 miles, hot springs, etc. There is also a Maori pa at Te Reinga. Good school; one hotel, and private board from 20s. In Cook County. Good shooting and fishing. Nearest tele­graph office Hangaroa, 6 miles. Post office here.
TINKERS. See Matakanui.
TINLINE MOUNT (5731ft), near Waiau.
TINUI, Wellington. On Whareama River. A small settlement connected with good pastoral country, occupied as sheep runs, etc., 95 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Masterton, thence by Masterton-Castle Point coach Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, return­ing Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday: distance, 30 miles; fare, 10s. Castle Point is 15 miles away : fare, 5s. Private board accommodation, 25s per week; store, and one hotel. Telephone communication between here, Whakataki, and Castle Point. A seaside resort much frequented in summer. Name means "big cabbage tree." Doctor resident here. Post and telegraph office. Formerly known as Tenui.
TINUI RIVER. A tributary Whareama River.
TINWALD, Canterbury. A town district with a population of about 600; 55 miles south by rail from Christchurch and two miles from Ashburton, and 10 from coast; on Ashburton River. Telegraph and post office. One of the many farming settlements of the Canterbury Plain. No hotel, being prohibition district. Splendid cycling roads. Doctors at Ashburton.
TIPPERARY TERRACE. Mining locality near Barrytown.
TI POINT. By weekly steamer from Auckland, from which it is but a few miles.
TIPU. A point on the Rotorua-Tauranga bush road, 14 m from Rotorua.
TIRA-ORA, Marlborough. 45 miles north-west from Blenheim; 27 miles to Havelock from Blenheim by coach (fare 7s 6d), thence by steamer t.o Tira-ora, 18 miles (fare 3s). On the coast in North-west Bay. Is in Pelorus Sound ; in Wooded Range. Behind is good shooting— pigeons, deer, ducks, and wild pigs. "Tira" was the native name of the bay; Ora, meaning "good luck," was added by Postal Department to distinguish it from Tirau in North Island. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Havelock, 18 m ; but telephone at Homewood, 5 m.
TIRATU. See Dannevirke.
TIRAU Auckland. A bush settlement with store hotel, and post, telephone, and money order office. On Frankton-Rotorua railway, 38 miles from Rotorua and 134 miles from Auckland. Sheep farming dis­trict. Trout fishing and good shooting. Name means a "post" or "stake." Is on high ground near Oraka and Waihan Rivers. Resi­dent doctor.
TIRAUMEA. See Kaitawa and Pahiatua.
TIRAUMEA RIVER. Tributary of Manawatu River.
TIRIRAUKAWA, Wellington. 78 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Mataroa, then 10 m ride on Murrays track. Mails arrive Wed. and Sat. Post arid telephone office. Onward from here road leads In Mangaweka, Mangaonoho, or Hunterville. via. Mangaone Valley and Stream, and Te Kama saddle from which magnificent views of mountains of Ruapehu, Ngaruhoe, and Kgmont. The main streams of Te Kapua are Mangapapa, Mangaone, and Matahuia, all flowing westward into Turakina River. Hautapu River, 9 m off, is full of trout. Dr. at Taihape, 15 m.
TIRITKA RIVER, Fitzherbert district.
TIRI TIRI. A flat island in harbour 20 miles from Auckland, with lighthouse, just under which steamer Triumph was wrecked.
TIROHANGA. River and sorge near Puhi Puhi.
TIROHIA. A railway siding 24 miles from Thames and 124 from Auckland, on the Auckland-Thames line. Paeroa (four miles) is nearest post office.
TIROMOANA, Nelson. On sea coast arid Fox's River. 26 m N. from Westport. Coach from there to Charleston bi-weekly 17 miles (5s), then 9 miles by hire (10s). Gold mining, sluicing, and beach working, and farming. Scenery up Fox's River very beautiful. Ac­commodation house, but no hotel. Post office, with mails closing on Friday and departing Saturday. Nearest telegraph office Charleston, 9 m distant. Named by early settler from its site resembling Brighton (England). Nearest doctor at Charleston, 9 m.
TISBURY, Southland. Five miles south by rail from Invercargill; in Southland County. A Seaward Bush cleared settlement. Nursery and sawmills here. Post office and telephone. Named In Mr Howell. after his birthplace in Wiltshire, England.
TITAHI BAY. 16 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Porima, thence coach daily three miles (2s return). At one time a flourishing whaling station; also the battle ground of several notable fights by the Maoris, who had a large pa here. Post office and telephone. Nearest doctor Johnsonville, 7 m.
TITAKA. Headland in Lake Tarawera.
TITI (or MUTTON BIRD) ISLANDS. About 20 of these are scattered about. Foveaux Strait and at short distances from the east of Stewart Island. Those islands for ages have furnished the Maoris with their main food supplies, 200,000 birds from the islands being caught yearly. Usually divided up amongst about 160 Natives annually, and yield an average of 4d per bird. The birds visit islands in October, and, after mating, leave, and do not return until end of November, when the females lay their eggs. The Natives say that the eggs are laid on the same date every year and the young are hatched on Christmas Day. About the beginning of April the young birds are fully grown, and during the interval between then and the middle of May they cast and pick off the down which covers their feathers.
TI TI POINT. At mouth of Waitangi River.
TITIPUA or LINDHURST STREAM. Tributary Makarewa River.
TITIRANGI, Auckland. 10 miles north-west by rail (New Lynn station four miles) from Auckland : in Waitemata County. Small settle­ment comprising some half-dozen farms. Nearest telegraph office Avondale. 6 m. Post office. Is on Mainikau Harbour. Nihotapu, 8 m by water, good boarding-house. Doctor at Auckland or Avondale by telephone.
TITIRANGI, Marlborough. Is situated on four large bays, partly on Cook Strait, and partly at the entrance of Pelorus Sound. There is good sea fishing, and there are large quantities of goats, pigs, and pigeons to shoot. Kiwis are still to be found here and there is a Maori settle­ment at tlie back of it. Post office is named Hikoekoea.
TITIRANGI MOUNT. South of Tolaga Bay. Waiapu County.
TITIRAUPENGA. Point on mountains west of Lake Taupo.
TITIROA. A railway station 25 m from Invercargill, on Invercargill-Waimahaka line. Post and telephone office. Mails daily. Hotel and dairy factory. Dr. at Wyndham. 15 m.
TITIROA MOUNT (5000ft). West Waiau River.
TITIROA STREAM. Runs into Toes Toes Harbour.
TITOKI, Auckland. 114 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, thence 22 miles by coach (10s). In Whangarei County. Post and telephone office. On River Mangakapea at the bridge. This bridge is a wooden bridge, with a span of 200ft, said to be the largest wooden span in N.Z. Name of a tree. Doctor at Whangarei, 22 m.
TI-TREE POINT, Hawke's Bay. The postal district for about a dozen sheep stations ; 110 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Dannevirke, then 30 m by coach weekly (in summer); in Weber County. Is 16 miles from Cape Turnagain and coast. Named from the ti tree (manuka) being abundant at one time. Post and telephone office.
TITRI, Otago. A railway siding 24 miles south from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Invercargill line. Waihola, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
TIWETA MOUNT (2700ft). Opposite Kenepuru.
TOANUA. See Gisborne.
TOANUI. A big viaduct north of Ohakune, Main Trunk line.
TOA TOA, Auckland. 188 m S.E. from Auckland. Steamer to Opotiki, then hire 25 m (12s 6d). Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Opotiki.
TODD'S BUSH. Picnic resort, 6 m from Nelson.
TOETOE. A Maori settlement on the. Ohura River.
TOE TOES. See Toi Tois Bay.
TOHORAHA. Old Native settlement near Kaitaia.
TOI FLAT, Hawke's Bay. 99 m S.W. from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, then tri-weekly coach (6s). Post office. Nearest tele­graph office Waipatiki, 2 m.
TOIRO, Otago. An agricultural district. 58 miles south by rail from Dunedin, on main line to Invercargill. Is five miles from Balclutha; in the Clutha County. Main road good for cyclists. Shooting plenti­ful, and good trout fishing in Kaihiku River. The nearest accommo­dation is Balclutha, where Dr. is. Post and telephone office.
TOI FLAT. Post office just opened in Napier district.
TOI TOI FLAT. Upper Buller, near Fern Flat.
TOI TOI ROAD. See Tarata.
TOITOIS BAY, Southland Province. The Mataura joins the sea here. Fort rose is the sea port. Should be Toe Toes, which was the name and abode of an old whaler, who acquired considerable influence amongst his companion.
TOKAANU, Auckland. 131 miles from Napier. By coach to Tanpo on Monday, fare, 60s single, 90s return, thence by either coach or steamer 31 m; or rail to Waioru, then bi-weekly coach 44 m (40s return). Can also be reached by tri-weekly coach from Rotorua. In West Taupo County. Hot springs here. Good trout fishing. One hotel on Tongariro, Waikato River. Nearest doctor at Taihape, 65 m. A long-silenced geyser, which has not been active for 90 years, said the Maoris, broke into activity in April, 1907. Post and telegraph office.
TOKAITI. Near west entrance, Pelorus Sound.
TOKAMA, Canterbury. 36 m N.W. from Christchurch. Rail to Rangiora, then mail cart (3s 6d). Nearest telegraph office, North Loburn, 5 m.
TOKANUI. Native settlement near Kihi Kihi.
TOKAORA. 64 miles north-west from Wanganui. Rail to Hawera, thence daily coach 4 miles (Is 6d and 2s). Post omce. Nearest doctor and telegraph, Hawera. Is near Waingongora River and Ohawe Beach, great tourist resorts.
TOKARAHI, Otago. The present terminus of the Oamaru-Tokarahi railway line; 25 miles west from Oamaru. A farm settlement with post office and railway station. Ngapara, seven miles distant, is nearest telegraph, but post and telephone office. Doctor at Ngapara. 7 m.
TOKAROA. Rock near Ohuku Bay, Akaroa.
TOKAROA BAY. Banks Peninsula, near outlet, Lake Forsyth.
TOKATA. See Nuggets.
TOKATEA, Auckland. 45 miles north-east by steamer (7s6d) from Auckland to Coromandel (which see for particulars of district), then 2 m by coach (6d) to Driving Creek thence li m by horse or walk; in Coromandel County. One hotel. Is 1400ft above sea level. Splendid views of East Coast and Hauraki Gulf. Industries: Gold mining, gum digging, kauri bush work. Driving Creek is post office.
TOKA TOKA, Auckland. 87 miles north-east from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, thence steamer bi-weekly (12s 6d and 7s 6d); in Otamatea County. Post, telephone, and money order office and savings bank. A picturesque dairy and general farming settlement at the mouth of the Wairoa River; in Kaipara Harbour. There are two stores and a hotel. The kauri gum and timber industry is still an important trade in this district. A peak 680ft high in township gives splendid view of surrounding country. Dr. at Te Kopuru, 4 m.
TOKERAU. See Russell.
TOKO, Taranaki. A well-settled farming district, 37 miles S.E. from New Plymouth, and 7 from Stratford by rail. In Stratford County. Post, telephone, and money order office. Dairy factory, six sawmills, several stores, and hotel. Toko means "To propel a canoe." Doctor at Stratford, 6 m.
TOKOITI, Otago. 45 m S from Dunedin. Rail to Milton, then hire 8 m. Post office. Nearest tel. office, Glenledi. Was formerly known as Fairfax. See Milton for descriptive matter.
TOKOMAIRIRO. The old name, for Milton before it was made a borough, and the name is still applied to the district.
TOKOMARU, Wellington. 76 miles north from Wellington and 12 miles from Palmerston North. On Main Trunk line. Dairy-farming settlement. Two stores; no hotel, but private board, flood roads. Tokomaru Stream runs through township. Post, telephone, and money order office, and hall. Doctor at Palmerston North.
TOKOMARU, Pelorus Sound.
TOKOMARU. East and West. See Brunswick.
TOKOMARU BAY, Auckland. Sheep district and calling station for coastal boats. Sydney and other steamers Gisborne to Auckland, and vice versa, call when requested, and tendered by launch (launch fare, 10s each way). Passengers are taken up or let down to launch in a basket. Mail overland on Tuesday and Friday. Is situated 58 miles north from Gisborne on east coast. Coastal steamer calls fortnightly (fare, 30s return). Most of the land (some 800,000 acres of good agricultural and pastoral country) in this, the Waiapu County, is still in the hands of the Maoris, although a considerable portion has been leased to Europeans. There are two stores, one hotel, branch bank (N.S.W.). Freezing works now established here. Post, money order, and telegraph office. The bay is an open one, 4 m wide, between Notunui and Mawhai Points. Named after a rock here. Te Puna hot springs, 6 m. Doctor at Waipiro Bay, 10 m.
TOKONUI GORGE, Southland. 36 miles west from Invercargill. Rail to Waimahaka, then coach Thurs. and Sat. 10 miles (9s return). Dairying, sawmilling, and flaxmilling. Coach between Fortrose and Tokonui Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, returning Monday, Wednes­day, and Friday (5s return). Post and telephone. Good trout fishing and game shooting. Dr. at Wyndham, 32 m.
TOKONUI RIVER. Runs into Toes Toes Bay.
TOKORANGI, Wellington. Six miles from Halcombe and seven from Marton, no coach. Beautifully situated on an elevated plain over­looking the Bangitikei River, where fair trout fishing may be obtained. Sheep and cattle farming. Agriculture gradually on the increase as the bush land is broken up.
TOLAGA BAY (known also as Uawa), Auckland. On sea coast; in Cook County; 35 miles north by weekly steamer or bi-weekly coach (25s return) from Gisborne. Coach leaves Monday and Thurs­day, returning Tuesday and Friday. A wool and maize growing dis­trict. Pheasant shooting; and cycling roads good. There is a hotel, store, saddler's, and tailor's in settlement, the rest engaged in pas­toral and agricultural pursuits. There is a post, telegraph, and money order office here, as well as the Tolaga Bay Race Club. Good road along coast by mail route. Tolaga Bay is a bar harbour, 1 ½ m wide and some depth, at the mouth of a grand river called the Uawa. which is navigable for 10 miles inland by vessels of light draught. Situated about two miles from here across the bay is the celebrated Cook's Cove, where Captain Cook, during his visit in the year 1777, replenished his stock of water. The well to this day is known as Cook's Well. Captain Cook also visited the bay on his first voyage on October 22, 1769, and he says Tolaga was the name given by the Maoris. Te Kooti raided here in April, 1869, when his wife was captured, but he escaped. Tolaga is corruption of Taraki, "wind." Resident doctor and dentist.
TOLOA HEAD. See Adderley.
TOMAHAWK, Otago. Dairying district, on the ocean side of Anderson's Bay, within three miles of Dunedin; in Anderson's Bay postal district.
TOMB POINT. West, side of North Wairoa River. Auckland.
TOMOANA, Hawke's Bay. 11 m S.W. by rail from Napier. Not a post town. Nelson Bros.' refrigerating works and their employees only are here. Named after late Henare Tomoana chief whoso pa was about half a mile from the station. The mails for the refrigerating works are sent out from Napier or Hastings.
TOM'S ROCK, Lying off Karori Stream. Cook Strait. The s.s. Penguin was wrecked on this rock while on her way from Picton to Wellington on February 12, 1909. Out of 100 passengers and crew, over 74 were drowned.
TONE CREEK. Tributary of Awatere River.
TONGA BAY, Nelson. 28 m N.W. from Nelson by steamer weekly (14s return). Quarry of good stone here. Nearest telegraph office. Totaranui, 15 m
TONGAPORUTU, Taranaki. 36 miles from Waitara, and from New Plymouth 46 miles. Waitara by train, then coach Wed. and Sat.Tongaporutu is situated upon the river which bears its name, and it is
navigable for about 10 miles from its mouth. Chief industry, dairying. Shooting and fishing plentiful. Post office and telephone. Nearest doctor at Waitara.
TONGARIRO. This mountain is situated to the southward of Lake Taupo. It consists of a group of distinct volcanic cones, the lava streams from which have so overlapped in their descent as to form one compact mountain mass at the base. The highest of these cones is called Ngauruhoe, and attains an elevation of 7.515ft. The craters of Ngauruhoe, the Eed Crater (6,140ft), and Te Mari (4.990ft) are the three vents from which the latest discharges of lava have taken place, the most
recent having occurred in 1868. These craters are still active, steam and vapour issuing from them with considerable force and noise, the vapours, charged with pungent gases and acids, making it dangerous to approach too near the crater lips. Tongariro National Park here. One of the most important and interesting features is the group of hot springs at Ketetahi, at an altitude of over 4000ft, on Tongariro itself.
TONGUE POINT. 74 m south-west of Wellington Heads.
TOOTH PEAKS MOUNT. North end Thomsons Mounts.
TOPHOUSE, Nelson. Sheep district, 49 miles S. from Nelson and six miles from Lake Rotoiti Rail to Belgrove. then 27 miles hire The proprietor of the accommodation house here makes arrangements tor bringing and returning parties to and from Belgrove. Deer, wild pig. duck, hare, and rabbit shooting; and good trout fishing in vicinity. Roads rough. On Motupiko River. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor, Wakefield, 35 m.
TOPUNI. See Port Albert.
TOP VALLEY, Marlborough. 33 m coach S.W. from Blenheim, on north bank of the Wairau River. Mining. Deer stalking and goat shooting. Flaxmilling and gold mining. The Jubilee quartz mine of the Wairau Valley Gold Mining Co. is located here. Post office. Nearest telegraph. Te Rou, 4 m. Nearest doctor at Blenheim
TORATEA. District near Pahiatua.
TOREA NECK. 8 m from Picton. Separates Queen Charlotte Sound from Kenepnru Round.
TORERE, Auckland. 181 miles from Thames. Steamer to Opotiki (which ig the nearest telegraph office), then ride 16 miles; on the Bay of Plenty A Native settlement. On small bay, which abounds with fish. Pheasant, quail, and native pigeon shooting. Tore-nui-a-rua was one of the Maoris who came to New Zealand in the "Tainui" canoe. The tribe here are his descendants, and called this place Torere after him. The meaning of name is "A suicidal leaping place." Doctor at Opotiki, 16 m. Post office.
TORETIA STREAM. Tributary of Mangatainoka River.
TORLESSE MOUNT (6442ft). Near Porters Pass, Springfield.
TORMORE. Railway station 67 m. by rail from Christchurch. Domett nearest post office.
TORRENT BAY. Near Astrolabe Roadstead. D'Urville named Torrent Bay on January 19. 1827. because be saw three torrents of water discharging into it.
TORY CHANNEL, Marlborough. The eastern entrance to Queen Charlotte Sound ; at the northern extremity of the South Island. Is really an arm of the sea running like a broad river for many miles amongst the mountains, and connecting Cloudy Bay with Queen Char­lotte Sound. All through the passage the water is so deep os to admit of vessels of the largest size to anchor in perfect security in any weather. Tide runs about seven to eight knots an hour. See also Te Weka. Fish abound, and caught, in abundance from shore. 30 miles across to Wellington. Was so named from the Tory man-of-war brig being first vessel to navigate it. About 6 m up channel is a small island resembling a sugar loaf, once crowned with a pa and thickly covered with wild cabbage, introduced to the Sound by Captain Cook in 1774. Is replete with traces and legends of Maori doings. See Te Weka for details.
TOTARA See Totaratahi.
TOTARA, Auckland. See Thames.
TOTARA, Otago. A railway station on Dunedin 0amaru line. Totara is short for Totaratahi.
TOTARA, Canterbury. See Pleasant Point.
TOTARA, Westland See Ross.
TOTARA FLAT, Westland. 27 miles north-east by rail (Midland railway) from Greymouth. In Grey County. A farming and gold mining settlement, with two hotels, two stores, bakery, and butchery, and nas post, telephone, and money order office. No private boarding. Refreshment rooms at railway station. Good fishing and shooting. Grey River runs through the flat. Called "Totara Flat" from the totar, a timber once obtained here. Dr. at Blackball, 16 m.
TOTARA NORTH, Auckland. On Whangaroa Harbour, and in county of same name ; 169 miles north by steamer (Clansman) from Auck­land, leaving Wednesday, returning Fridav (fare: 30s single, 47s 6d return). Shipbuilding and sawmilling, sorting and packing kauri gum Plenty of game, but ground is rather rough, and good fishing in the harbour. Large accommodation house. Magnificent scenery at head of and all around the harbour. Post and telephone office. Dr. at Kaeo, 8 m.
TOTARANUI, Nelson. River, and Bay. and Township. 32 m N.W. from Nelson, near Golden Bay. S.s. Lady Barkly calls both going to and from Collingwood Monday and Friday, returning follow­ing day (fare. 14s). Takaka (Port Waitapu), the next port, is only a few miles further on (which see for particulars of district). No store or hotel here. Totaranui means "a large totara" (tree). It is presumed a large totara tree stood in prominent position in early days. Totaranui is situated on the coast. Good deep sea fishing, charming climate, and lovely scenery. Favourite holiday resort of Nelson people. Post and telephone office. Shooting plentiful. Doctor at Takaka, 15 m. In 1856 a Maori pa stood here.
TOTARA PEAK (6449ft.). Canterbury.
TOTARA RIVER. Near Charleston ; also at Ross.
TOTARATAHI, Otago. Six miles by rail from Oamarn and three miles from the coast. A farming locality. Wild ducks and rabbits. "Totara" means "tree," and " Tahi" "one." Only one tree on the Totara estate. Post and, teleph office. Dr at Oamaru, 6 m.
TOTARA VALLEY. Near Pleasant point.
TOTORO. Farm settlement 4 miles from Aria.
TOWAI, Auckland. Fanning settlement, 121 miles north-east from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei daily (22s 6d return), then rail 27 m. The railway opens up direct communication between the deep water ports of Whangarei and Opua. Post, telephone, and money order office. Nearest doctor Hikurangi, 13 m.
TRACK BAY. South of Richmond Bay, Pelorus Sound.
TRAVERS MOUNT. Peak in Southern Alps.
TREBLE CONE MOUNT (6888ft.). Right hand branch Shotover.
TREE HILL. Trig station in Awhitu district, Auckland.
TREE ISLAND. In Lake Waka.
TRENCH BURN. East side Mararoa River.
TRENTHAM, Wellington. General fanning settlement, 19 miles north by rail from Wellington. In Hutt County. See also Upper Hutt, 1 m, where doctor is. There is a hotel and store here. Post and telephone office. Good trout fishing. Named after an English town, the birthplace of old residents here. Wellington Racing Club's racecourse here; also golf links and Government rifle range.
TRENTHAM, Canterbury. See Ashwick.
TREVORTON. Suburb of Ashburton.
TRIPP LAKE. Ashburton district.
TRONDJEIM. Former name of Taonui.
TRYPHENA, Auckland. 50 miles north-east from Auckland by bi-weekly steamer (15s and 22s 6d). On Great Barrier Island1; in Rodney County. See Great Barrier, also Port Fitzroy and Okupu; Port Fitzroy is 20 miles distant. Farming and bee-keeping are the occupation's of settlement, which comprises, about a dozen settlers. Named after a brig owned by Sydney firm which visited here in 1845. Nearest tel. Auckland. 50 m. Dr. at Whangapara, 10 m. Post and telephone office.
TUAHINE POINT. See Povertv Bay.
TUAHIWI, Canterbury. 18 miles on the Main South road from Christchurch. This is the old name of Kaiapoi pa, and it is a vory interesting Native settlement. The Cam, a tributary of the Waimakiriri, is close by, and affords splendid trout fishing. Maori carving is taught in the school, and the pupils are expert carvers. There is an Anglican Church here, and it has a choir of Maori bovs. Not far from the pa there is a fine grotto and stone surmounted by an immense tiki, which marks the site of Kaiapoihia, the headquarters of chiefs when Te Rauparaha reduced it and slew many of its inhabitants. Native women are expert flaxweavere, and many beautiful mate and kits are made and sent to Christchurch and Dunedin. Name means "over the sandhills" which lie south-east. Tuahiwi pa was one of the smaller pas near the famous Haiapirhia. It was here that Te Rau­paraha found the dead body of a young woman of the Ngaitahu tribe buried in a small canoe (a common custom). They took it to a small stream and cooked and ate it as a further insult to the local Maoris. Has club, reading room, and fine hall and school with plote where agriculture is taught. Post and telegraph office.
TUAKAU, Auckland. In Manukau County; 36 miles south from Auckland, oh the Auckland-Wellington railway line. A well-settled district and township. There are several flaxmills here ; flax dressing and manufacturing matting. Dairy farming, for which the district is well suited, is an important trade here. Four stores, dairy factory,one hotel, and other trades in township. Private boarding accommo­dation. Post and telegraph office at railway station. Has also flour, saw and bone mills, and factories for canning whitebait and fruit. Is on the Waikato River, and the most suitable approach to .Waikato Heads. 20 m by hired launch. Good fishing and shooting. Resident' doctor.
TUA MARINA, Marlborough province and county. An historical farming village; is situated on the Tua Marina Creek near its 'con­fluence with the Wairau River, six miles to the north from Blenheim by rail, on Picton line. There is a hotel, also store here. A monument is erected in the village to commemorate the site of the Wairau mas­sacre, which occurred here in 1844. Massacre Hill here is so named-after the massacre referred to, and a monument has been erected on the hill iii memory of the sons of Marlborough who died as the result of the late South African war. Good fishing obtainable in river. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Blenheim.
TUAMOTU ISLAND. 140ft high, 1m west of Tuahina .Point, near mouth of Poverty Bay.
TUAPEKA. Lawrence- is now the name; which see. Gold was discovered here on July 8. 1861.
TUAPEKA MOUTH, Otago. At the junction of Tuapeka and Clutha Rivers ; 75 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Lawrence, thence coach 16 miles (Monday. Wednesday, and Friday, returning Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday). A farming, sawmilling, and mining settlement in Tuapeka County, with store, butchery, and hotel. Good trout fishing and shooting in vicinity River steamer from Balclutha runs up as far as here first and third Friday each month with goods, returning with timber. Post and telephone oflice. Tuapeka means "crooked river.'" Doctor at Lawrence. 16 m.
TUAPEKA WEST, Otago. 69 miles south-west from Dunedin and about eight miles from Lawrence railway station. Same coach and postal time table as Tuapeka Mouth. Post office, and telephone communication with Lawrence, which is the nearest trading centre, being merely a farming settlement.
TUATAPERE. 55 miles north-west from Invercargill by rail. Dairying and timber cutting industry. Good trout-fishing and and kaka shooting. Post office and telephone. Name means "small island," from an island being on the Waiau close to ferry. Doctor at Orepuki, 14 m.
TUATEA FALLS. Reached by trap from Rotorua, which see.
TUHIKARAMEA, Auckland. Farming district, 100 miles south­west from Auckland. By rail to Ohaupo, thence 6 m. In Waipa County. On banks of Waipa River. Doctor at Hamilton, 12 m. Post office and telephone.
TUHIMATA. Near Port Awanui.
TUHUA. Maori name for Mayor Island.
TUHIRANGI. See Bossu Mount.
TUIMATA. See Pukekohe East.
TUIPA, Auckland. Railway siding 117 miles south from Frankton Junction Thames line. Te Aroha, 2 m. Mangaiti is the nearest post and telephone office, which see. Named from gully frequented by tui bird.
TUIWAHI. See Rakanui.
TUKOPOTO. Old mission station near Taupiri.
TUMAI, Otago. Railway siding 34 miles north from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Christchurch line. Flag swamp, 2 m distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
TUMATA. Near Port Awanui.
TUMUNUI. A hill 12 m south of Rotorua on Rotorna-Galatea road.
TUNA, Taranaki. 31 m S.E. from New Plymouth. Rail to Midhurst (which is nearest telegraph office), thence 4 m. Post office. Nearest doctor Stratford, 7 m.
TUNA BAY. See Brightlands.
TUNATAHI. Junction Ohnra-Stratford road and Main Trunk (Auckland to Wellington) line: Auckland district.
TUNAWHAKAPEKE. Lake near Ngaruawahia.
TUPAROA, Auckland. Small settlement and sheep district. and contains the largest sheep station in New Zealand ; 2500 bales of wool are annually shipped from this port. 77 miles north-east by fortnightly steamer from Gisborne. or bi-weeklv coach : in Waiapu Co. A hotel, two stores, and saddler's here. Most of the land in the Waiapu County still belongs to the Maoris (some 800,000 acres), although a very considerable portion has been leased to Europeans for agricultural and pastoral purposes. Indications of petroleum in the district are considered by experts to be excellent. Splendid pheasant shooting. Post and tel. office and telph bureau. Landing can only be effected in calm weather. Dr. at Waipiro Hay. 9 m.
TUPEKARUNGA. Native name for Churchill.
TUPO On eost coast south of Mangonui. Auckland.
TUPURUPURIT. See Gladstone.
TURAKINA, Wellington. On Turakina River, 24 miles south by rail, or 13 miles by road, from Wanganui. Agricultural district. Shoot­ing—pheasants, hares, wild ducks, and quail—in neighbourhood. Very good cycling roads. Two hotels, post, telegraph, and money order office. Rangitikei County. On November 22, 1867, two divisions of mounted constabulary were sent to protect this place from 500 Hau Hau natives, and to prevent them marching on to attack the town of Napier. Population, 230. Name said to mean “knock down.” Doctor at Marton 9m.
TURAKINATEA. A hill near Ruatangata East.
TUKAKOI, Nelson. Near Takaka, which see. Good harbour and limestone in abundance.
TURANGA. Native name for Gisborne.
TORANGA CREEK. In Whitford district.
TURANGANUI RIVER. 2 ½ m N. of Tuamotu Island. Poverty Bay.
TURANCAARERE, Wellington. 177 miles N. by rail from Wellington. On River Hautapu. halfway between Taihape and Waiouru. The Hautapu River is very well stocked with brown and rainbow trout, and during the season good catches are recorded. Pigeons and kaukau are fairly plentiful, and a few ducks. The chief industry of this place is timber, Taurangaaiere being; surrounded by a good bush. Post, telephone, and money order office. Doctor at Taihape, 14 m.
TURANGAOMOANA, Auckland. 126 m S.E. from Auckland. Rail to Matamata, then 5 m. Post and telegraph office. Farming and dairying, and creamery.
TURANGA-RAKIORA. Mountain peak E. of Ongaruhe River.
TURIKURA, Auckland. 83 m N.W. from Auckland. Tri-weekly steamer to Marsden Pt. (19.s and 12s), then steam launch 2 m (2s 6d). Post office. Nearest telegraph office. Marsden Pt.
TURIROA, Hawke's Bay. On Wairoa River, 75 miles north-east by steamer bi-weekly (12s 6d return) from Napier; in Wairoa County. A postal office for the sheep stations in neighbourhood. A very pretty district within four miles of Wairoa, 30 miles from Lake Waikaremoanu. Good shooting and fishing further up the river. Telephone.
TURKSHEAD. Peak in Awatere Range, 6 m from Molesworth.
TURNAGAIN CAPE. On E.C. between Wellington and Napier.
TURNBULL MOUNT (6306ft), Thomsons Mounts.
TURTON'S SADDLE (3700ft), Ashburton County.
TURUA, Auckland. Small sawmilling and timber settlement, eight miles south by river steamer from Thames ; in Thames County. On the left bank of the Waihoa River, five miles from its mouth; daily steamer to and from Auckland ; fare 13s. So named from the wonderful reflections in the river at times. Post and telegraph office.
TUSSOCK CREEK, Southland. 12 miles by rail from Invercargill. Six miles from Ryal Bush which is nearest tel. office. Roads good in summer. Sawmilling and agriculture. Named from the grass tussocks and creek here.
TUTAEINANGA. A small lake on top of E. end of Paeroa Range.
TUTAEKURA. Native settlement between Pahiatua and Hamua.
TUTAETAHA ISLAND, Tauranga Harbour.
TUTAKI, Nelson. 78 m N.E. from Westport by coach (40s re­turn). Post office. Nearest telegraph Longford. 12 m; and nearest doctor, Murchison. 11 m.
TUTAMOE, Auckland. 134 miles from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, then steamer to Dargaville, then rail to Kaihu, then horse 14 m. Trout fishing. Post and telegraph office. Doctor at Dargaville. 32 m.
TUTAMOE. Mountain N.E. of Tangowahino P.O. (2576ft).
TUTU. High peak near Kaitaia.
TUTUA. See Te Araroa.
TUTOKO MOUNT. Highest peak Darran Mountains (9042ft).
TUTUKAKA. A harbour with good anchorage north and near Whangarei. Weekly steimer from Auckland.
TUTUKAU. Neir Atiamuri. Taupo.
TUTURAU. 39 miles north-east from Invercargill. Rail to Mataura, thence mail cart 5 miles (1s). Dairying district. Tuturau was the scene of the last Maori battle in the south, about the year 1836, when Te Puaho, a northern chief and relation of Te Rauparaha, left Kapiti in Cook Straits with about 100 warriors, intending to wipe out the southerners, but at Tuturau he met his Waterloo—h» himself was killed and about 60 of his followers taken prisoners and conveyed to Ruapuke, the southern stronghold. Eventually most of the prisoners escaped in a whaler and got back to Kapiti. ljost onv:e. Nearest telephone Mataura. Name means leaf of tutu tree abound­ing here once. Doctor at Mataura.
TUTUTAWA. 47 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Douglas road, then 6 m coach. The land of miut mid stumps. "Tutu" means "I am in trouble," "Tawa" "Come and help me."Poet and telephone office. On Mangaehu and Mangotuku Rivers. Dr. 18 m off. Has a hall and butter factory.
TWELVE-MILE LANDING, Westland. Now called Kumaka, which see.
TWELVE O'CLOCK MOUNT Malvern Hill, Canterbury.
TWIZEL RIVER. Tributary of Ohau.
TWO THUMB RANGE, Upper Rangitata district.
TYNDALL MOUNT (7761ft). Forms part of boundary of Ashburton County.