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Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand - R

RABBIT ISLAND. See Gebbie's Plat.
RABBIT ISLAND. Near entrance to "Nelson Harbour; also one of the Mayne Islands (142ft high), near Bon Accord Harbour; also island near Slipper Island, both in Auckland district.
RACECOURSE HILL, Canterbury. Railway siding 34 miles from Rolleston, on the Malvern line. Waddington, four miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
RADOVE MOUNT. Peak in South Canterbury.
RAE'S JUNCTION, Otago. 76 miles north from Dunedin. Rail to Lawrence, then coach 17 miles (6s) daily; in Tuapeka County. A farming and mining locality with one hotel and post and telephone office. Was known in the olden days as Bastings. Is at the junction of Tapanui, Lawrence, and Roxburgh roads. Called after one of the first settlers. Deer and duck shooting and trout fishing. Doctor at Lawrence, 17 m.
RAETEA. A mountain (2463ft) between Victoria. Valley and Hokianga.
RAETIHI, Wellington. Is 77 m from Wanganui, or 45 m from Taihape. Steamer to Pipiriki daily in summer (25s), thence tri-weekly coach 17 miles (10s). Post, telephone, and money order office. Tri-weekly newspaper. Population 400. On Matokuku River, 8 m from railway, coach there1 daily (3s). Name means " Seen from the top." Resident doctor. Good shooting and trout-fishing. Waimarino County Council office here.
RAGGED RANGE. Between Mathias and Rakaia Rivers, Can­terbury.
RAGLAN, Auckland. 124 miles south-west from Auckland; on west coast. By N.S.S. Co.'s steamer (fare 15s) weekly, calling also at Kawhia and Waitara, and frequently going on to New Plymouth. Coach runs from here daily to Hamilton, returning daily from Hamilton (Waikato), con­necting there with rail to Auckland; coach fare, 10s single, 15s return. Farming and grazing settlement. Flax dressing and timber
mills, two hotels, private board (20s weekly). Good shooting—pheasant, duck, pigeon, curlew, rabbits, etc. Rivers lately stocked with rainbow trout. Good sea fishing. Many places of interest here—Waingaro Hot Springs, Bridal Veil Falls, Mount Kariori, Tattooed Rocks, etc. Roads not good for cyclists. On Whaingaroa Harbour. Telephone and money order office. Doctor resident here. Coach from here daily to Ngaruawahia connecting with rail to Auck­land, Rotorua, etc.
RAHOTU, Taranaki. 30 miles from Now Plymouth. Oponake coach from New Plymouth passes daily (fare 10s). In Taranaki County. Flax, fungus, timber, fruit, and dairying; six butter factories within four miles, flax and sawmill. Worth visiting Parihaka. Once residence of Maori prophet Te Whiti. Roads level, and good for cycling. Settled in 1886. One hotel, Wesleyan Church, and a post, telephone, and money order office. Is near Cape Egmont, the westerly point of Taranaki. Native pigeon and kaka shooting. Dr. at Opunake, 10 m.
RAHU RIVER. 36 m south -east of Reefton. Tributary of Marilia- River.
RAHUI, Auckland. See Port Awanui
RAHUI. 18 miles south by bi-weekly coach from Westport, on the sea coast. A small mining township, with post office, having a bi-weekly postal service. Telegraph office at Charleston, two and a-half miles distant. Good fishing obtainable in the Waitikari and Totara Rivers, and there is good shooting in the bush. Beach combing is the mode of ob­taining gold here.
RAI FALLS, .Marlborough. 40 miles N.W. from Blenheim. By daily coach. Is on the Rai River, and coach stops for dinner daily. Deer stalking and good fishing. Excellent accommodation. Tele­phone and post office. Doctor at Havelock, 13 m.
RAINBOW RIVER. Falls into Wairau River at Tophouse, Nel­son district.
RAINCLIFF. See Pleasant Point. A Government plantation here.
RAINY CREEK. Tributary of Inangahua. River.
RAI RIVER. Small stream, flowing into Pelorus Sound
RAI SADDLE. A hill (1109ft) on the boundary of Nelson and Marlborough districts.
RAI VALLEY. A fine timber-bearing district, 7 m in length, on main road to Nelson. Post and telephone office. Flat Creek.
RAITTRAY. On east shores of Wellington Harbour.
RAKAHANGA. One of the annexed Pacific Islands. This island lies about 25 miles to the north of Manihiki. It is not so large as its neighbour, and the lagoon does not contain any pearl-shell, but otherwise the two islands are very much alike. Rakahanga has a population of 340.
RAKAHAURI RIVER .See Ashley River.
RAKAHOUKA. See Grove Bush.
RAKAIA, Canterbury. On the Rakaia River: 15 miles from sea coast and 36 miles south by rail from Christchurch ; in Ashburton County. Branch Bank N.Z. Sheep and grain-growing. Splendid trout fishing, the river being full of trout; also good hare shooting. Roads good for cycling. There are hotels: has a post and telegraph office. Junction for Methven railway line. Resident doctor.
RAKAIA GORGE. See Windwhistle House, noted for its Alpine flora, including the white mountain lily.
RAKAIA RIVER. Forms northern boundary of Ashburton Co.
RAKANUI. P. 0. in Pahiatua district. 134 m from Wellington.
RAKAUKAKA. 2 m from Te Aral Bridge, Gisborne.
RAKAU, Railway siding. 39 m from Nelson. Tadmor nearest post office, 3 miles.
RAKAUNUI, Wellington. 134 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua, then coach 33 miles. Plenty shooting in season. Dairying chief industry. Post, telephone, and money order office. Coach runs to here in summer. Name means "Big tree." Nearest doctor at Weber. 14 miles.
RAKAUROA, Auckland. 50 miles north-west from Gisborne. Rail to Puha, then mail cart 12 m. Post and telegraph office. Rakauroa is the Maori name for Langthorne, the original name of the property. Nearest doctor at Gisborne, 50 m.
RAKAUTAUA, Wellington. Is situated on the south side of the Wanganui River, 18 miles from Wanganui, or five from Turakina.
RAKETAPAUMA. A telephone office in the Wanganui postal district.
RAKINO ISLAND. At entrance of Hauraki Gulf.
RAKITU or ARID ISLAND. On eastern side of Great Barrier Island.
RAKIURA. Near Winton.
RALEIGH. See Waitara.
RAM ISLAND. An island hillock at the junction of the Waihola and Waipori Lakes. Was formerly called Wai-hora-puka, and was the site of an ancient Maori pa.
RAMARAMA, Auckland. 25 miles south from Auckland. By rail to Drury, then three miles ; in Manukau County. A district of small settlers, with post and telephone office. Doctor at Pukekohe, 7 m.
RAMIHA Hill in Tararua Range, near Pahiatua.
RAMSAY MOUNT. Near boundary of Ashburton County and Westland.
RANANA. On the Wanganui River. 48 miles from Wanganui by steamer tri-weekly (12s return). Agricultural district. Good pigeon shooting. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Pipiriki, 11 m. Dr. at Wanganui, 48 m. Many Maoris here: more improved than most other tribes. Known also as London.
RANAUA. On east shore of Lake Rotorua; Rotorua, nearest post office 9 m.
RANEHIRE RIVER. See Ashley River.
RANFURLY, Otago. Named after Lord Ranfurly the then Governor of the colony) for the settlement known as Eweburn; situated on Otago Central railway. 85 miles from Dunedin ; formerly the terminus of the railway lines, but now opened further on to Clyde, about 58 m distant. Creamery close at hand. A great number of rabbit* are sent from here and surrounding districts for export. The trade has now become one of the industries of the district. Shunted in the centre of Maniototo Plain, with dry healthy climate. Fishing and shooting. Hares very plentiful. Trains stop 20 minutes for lunch. Poet, money order, and telegraph office. Doctor distant 9 m,
RANGATAIKI, Auckland. 20 m 8. of Taupo, stopping place for Napier-Taupo coach. Hotel, post and telegraph office.
RANGATAUA. Wellington. 199 m N. from Wellington, and 57 m N. from Wanganui, by rail. On Main Trunk Railway line, North Island. Timber district, post, telegraph, and money order office. Nearest doctor Ohakune. 3 miles.
RANGATIRA. A railway siding 134 miles from Wellington and two miles from Hunterville.
RANGATIRA VALLEY, Canterbury. 16 miles from Timaru. By rail to Temuka, then five miles horse ; in Geraldine County. A farming district with good land and level roads, but not a township. Has a post office, but the nearest telegraph office, also doctor, is Temuka, 5 m.
RANGAUNU BAY. On east coast, north of Auckland..
RANGIHEKE. Now called Owhata. which see.
RANGIAHUA, Auckland. Farming and fruit-growing settle­ment 190 miles north from Auckland. Steamer and rail to Kawakawa (which see), coach to Okaihau, then 11 miles. One store and hotel combined only business premises here. Name means "Looking towards the sky." Post and telephone; good shooting. Dr at Rawene, 12 m. Monument erected here to commemorate the holding of the first Christian service in New Zealand, which was held when the Rev. Samuel Marsden, chaplain of Parramatta (N.S.W.), preached to the Maoris on Christmas Day, 1814. Is at the head of the Hokianga River, and in the Waihou Valley.
RANGIAHUA ISLAND. Off Great Barrier Island, on west side.
RANGIAOHIA. Battle fought here February 21, 1864. See Te Awamutu.
RANGIAWHIA. A Native settlement near Taipa. Here took place a fight between British troops and Maoris in February, 1864.
RANGIMANGU. Settlement near
KAITAIA, Mongonui.
RANGIOAHIA. District near Kihikihi and township, 15 m from Hamilton.
RANGIORA, Canterbury. One mile from Ashley River and 20 miles north-west by rail from Christchurch. The centre of a fine agricul­tural and pastoral country. Flax dressing and flourmills carried on here. Two banks (N.Z. and Union), one bi-weekly newspaper (Standard and Guardian), several good hotels, private board from 20s per week. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank offices, etc. Population of borough about 1806. Half-holiday held on Thursday. Excellent cycling roads for miles around. Good trout fishing in Ashley River, and hare shooting in neighbourhood. Public library and reading room. Name means "Live sky " or "Light of day." Lit with gas by municipality. Doctors here. Is the market town of North Canterbury, large sales of stock held weekly.
RANGIPUKEA ISLAND. Off Tekuma Head; 230ft high; Coromandel Harbour.
RANGIRIRI, Auckland. 66 miles south by rail from Auckland; in Waikato County; on the Waikato River. Is a good township settled in 1863. Has the State nursery in its vicinity, pumice works, good roads, and one hotel; the district generally is well formed. Has a post and telegraph and money order office Good duck shooting on the different lakes in the vicinity. Was the scene of a heavy skirmish with the Maoris on November 20, 1863, when 41 Europeans were killed and 91 wounded, while 50 rebels were killed and 183 taken prisoners. Dr. at Huntly, 10 m. Near here was the Maori settlement of Maurea, on the banks of Waikato.
RANGITAIKI. Native settlement 12 m S. of Taupo.
RANGITAIKI RIVER. Flows eastward of Mount Edgecumbe, Tauranga.
RANGITAMA STREAM. Tributary of Rangitikei River.
RANGITANE Wellington. Post office and railway siding five miles from Longburn, on the Foxton line.
RANGITATA, Canterbury. 25 miles north by rail from Timaru; near Rangitata River. Trout fishing in Rangitata. Large numbers camp here every summer. No hotel. Peel Forest 14 m. Very good cycling roads. Coach to Peel Forest, via Arundel village settlement, runs Tues., Thur., and Sat. (fare 4s). Post, money order and telegraph. Name means "Near the sky." Dr. at Geraldine, 10 m.
RANGITATA ISLAND, Canterbury. 74 miles by rail from Christchurch; in Geraldine County. An island formed by the forks of the Rangitata River; is all used by farmers, and without a township. Post office. Nearest telegraph station is Rangitata, five miles away. Doctor at Geraldine, 14 m. Means "Near the sky."
RANGITATA RIVER. Forms southern boundary of Ashburton County.
RANGITATAU, Taranaki. Small settlement with post office 35 m N.W. from Wanganui. Rail to Waitotara, thence launch 9 m (4s to 7s 6d). Nearest telegraph office Waitotara, and nearest doctor Waverley, 20 miles.
RANGITIHI. Auckland. 218 m N. by steamer from Auckland (£2 10s return), or steamer to Mangonui, thence coach 25 m (8s 6d). 4 m from Kaitaia. where doctor is (which see). Post office.
RANGITIKEI. See Palmerston North.
RANGITIPUNA. A creek in Riverhead district.
RANGITOTO. See Ohakea,
RANGITOTO. An island in Auckland Harbour, with extinct volcano. Supposed to be the most recent in action around here. The hill is 960ft. The name also of a hill 960ft high, near Whareponga, East Cape. From Auckland steamer on Sundays (Is return).
RANCITUKIA, Auckland. Maori native district, 89 miles north by steamer (30s) from Gisborne; in Waiapu County. A post office, but not a telegraph office, the nearest telegraph office being Kahukura, three miles distant. Most of the land in the Waiapu County—some 800,000 acres—still belongs to the Maoris, although a very considerable portion has been leased to Europeans for agricultural and pastoral purposes. Rangitukia is on the left bank of Waiapu River near its mouth, about three-quarters of a mile. "Rangitukia " means "An open view." A clear view can be obtained of the surrounding country, and the Maoris could watch anyone approaching. Dr at Waipiro Bay, 30 m.
RANGITUMAU. 81 miles north-east from Wellington, rail to thence 4 m. Sheep and dairy farming. Nearest telegraph office Opaki. Has a post office. Nearest doctor Masterton. 10 m.
RANGITUMAU (1986ft. An extensive hill N. of Masterton.
RANGIURU. See Te Puke.
RANGIURU BY-THE SEA. A township and holiday resort near Otaki.
RANGIURU CREEK. A stream flowing into Otaki River.
RANGIWAHIA, Wellington. A sheep and dairying district, 135 miles north from Wellington. By rail to Feilding, then 40 miles doily coach (10s) : also by rail to Mangaweka, thence daily coach 13 miles (4s). In Kiwitea County. Has one hotel, and a post and telegraph office. Name means "Split in the clouds." Dr. at Mangaweka (14 m) or Kimbolton (18 m; by teleph.). Has a dairy factory.
RANGIWEA ISLAND, Bay of Plenty. 30 m by sea from Bowentown, with two Maori settlements.
RANGIWHAKAOMA. Maori name for Castlepoint.
RANPOAHIA. See Kihikihi.
RANZAU. See Hope.
RAOUL or SUNDAY ISLAND. See Kermadec Islands.
RAPAHOE, Greymouth. Situated on the sea coast, seven miles north from Greymouth, and facing the proposed great Point Eliza­beth Harbour. It is named after a short range which runs along the sea coast between here and Greymouth called Rapahoe, or the Twelve Apostles. To get to here take train to State Collieries station from Greymouth (fare Is 6d first return. Is Record return), thence two miles; or by mail cart from Greymouth four times weekly (5s). In Grey County. Game plentiful in season, including wild duck, grey and black teal, pigeon, kaka, etc. Trout plentiful in Seven-mile Creek, which runs through Rapahoe, while flounders, herrings, etc., are caught in the bay. Rapahoe is much visited by tourists and others in search of health and pleasure. The mail waggon passes through here to Barrytown. 14 miles further on. Post and telegraph office.
RAPAKI, Canterbury. Four miles by daily coach from Lyttelton. fare Is. A small native district. Name means "Pleasant aspect," because it faces the morning sun. Nearest telegraph office Lyttelton, 3 m. Doctor at Dampier's Bay. 3 m.
RAPANUI. Seven miles from Wanganui. Rail to Westmere, thence five miles. Chief industry is dairying. Good shooting and fishing close at hand. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Westmere, 5 miles. Doctor at Wanganui.
RAPARAPA. A trout stream near Tirau.
RAPAURA, Maryborough. Post office and telephone. 8 miles N.W. from Blenheim. Rail to Spring Creek, thence 4 m. Pleasantly situated between the two rivers—Wairan and Opawa. Nearest doctor Blenheim.
RAPIA. See Toka Toka. RAPIDS. On the Wauiku estuary.
RAPUKETE. Native pah near Kaitaia, Mongonui.
RARAKA. Point on Manukau Harbour.
RAROHARA BAY. Northern end Port Fitzroy, Great Barrier, 1 m in extent.
RAROTONCA. The finest island in the Cook group, both in point of scenic attractions and in respect of its general productiveness. It is a splendid specimen of the volcanic order of islands, and the ragged grandeur of its, mountain peaks and the variety and luxuriance of its vegetation combine to present one of the most romantic and picturesque scenes that one could possibly find even in the South Seas, where the romantic and picturesque are supposed to abound. The island attains a height of 2100ft, and is well watered. There is a belt of rich soil extending round the island from the mountains to the sea. The circumference of Rarotonga is over 20 m, and the total area 16,500a. Prodnctions are copra, cocoanuts, coffee, oranges, and bananas. Avarua, on the north coast, is the principal village on the island, and the seat of the Federal Government and Islands Administration. It is also the port of call for steamers, and there is accommodation for visitors. Karotonga is about 1638 miles from Auckland by monthly steamer. The population at last census (1906) was 2060. Name means Baro "below," and tonga given by Rangitangua when he came to the island, in honour of his deified ancestor Maru-tonga whose other name was Rarotonga. Previously it was called Tumu-te-varo-varo. .Post and money order office and savings bank and resident doctor.
RARUARIMU, Otago. 97 m from Dunedin. Catlins district. Post office.
RAT POINT. 12 m from Queenstown.
RATA, Wellington. One mile and a-ha If from Rangitikei River and 44 miles south from Wanganui by rail; in Rangitikei County. Farm­ing. Fair amount of game shooting, and good trout fishing in Porewa stream, which runs through township. Very rough roads for cycling. Post and telegraph office, but no hotel. Got its name from the number of rata trees found in the neighbourhood. Doctor at Hunterville, 7 m.
RATANA. A railway siding 130 miles from Wellington. See Wangaehu.
RATANUI, Otago. 77 m S.W. from Dunedin. By rail to Catlin’s River, then coach 2 m. In Clutha County. A bush district, occupied by small settlers. Has sawmills, cheese factory, post and telephone office. Is at head of Catlins Lake. Named from there being "Plenty rata bush."
RATAPAPA. See Mangamahu.
RATAPIKO. 28 miles from New Plymouth. Rail to Inglewood, then coach 5 m. Post office, with mail service; nearest tel. office is at Tariki, 6m. A dairy-farming district. Good shooting, such as pheasant, quail, and pigeons. "Ratapiko" means "Crooked rata," from so much of it being here. Creamery. Doctor at Stratford or Inglewood, 13 m.
RATATOMOKIA. Mount (1569ft), Upper Waikato District,
RATA TREE PEAK. Head of Omotutuohi River.
RAUKAPUKA BUSH. Near Geraldine.
RAUKAWA. See Te Aute.
RAUKOKORE, Auckland. 222 miles from Thames; in Whakatane County. A purely sheep station district with a post office, but its nearest telegraph is Opotiki. 70 m, where nearest Dr. is. River of same name here discharges into Papatea Bay. Steamer to Opotiki, thence horse 70 m.
RAUKUMARA. Mountainous range inland from Hick's Bay.
RAUKURA. 92 miles north-east from Wanganui. Bail to Taihape, thence five miles. Sheep-farming district. Nearest telegraph Taihape, 4 m. where Dr. is.
RAUMAI, Wellington. 104 miles from Wellington. Rail to Ashhurst, then five and a-half miles coach, Raumai is located on Pohangina River, two and a-half miles from the Pobangina township; on the main road to a large area of country already settled and in course of settlement up the Pohangina River. Coal Creek, and Oroita River, and thence through to Norsewood. In course of time as settlement extends, when roaded throughout, it will be a most interesting district for tourists 'jo traverse in search of picturesque scenery and extraordinary freaks of Nature re volcanic formation, etc. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Palmerston North, 15 m, by telephone.
RAUMATI. A property of 3596 acres in Hawke's Bay, 2 miles from Dannevirke, acquired by Government and opened for selection January 31, 1908. Post and telephone office.
RAUMATAKI POINT. Akaroa harbour.
RAUNGAUNU BAY. Situated north-east of Auckland. Nearest settlement Mangatete. Post and telephone office. Name means a place "where plenty fish caught."
RAUPANUI. Native settlement between Eketahuna and Pahiatua.
RAUPO. A railway siding 25 miles from Greymouth. See Totara Flat.
RAUPO, Auckland. On the Wairoa River, 91 miles from Auckland, or two miles from Scarrott's. Good sea fishing—schnapper, mullet, kahwai, and flat-fish. Good shooting—duck, teal, pheasant, bittern, swan, and pukaki. Telephone, money order office, and savings bank. Two creameries. Named from the reed raupo profusely growing here. Doctor at Te Kopuru. 7 in. Rail to Helensville. thence steamer.
RAUPO RAY. See Little Akaloa.
RAUREKA. See Hastings.
RAURIMU, Auckland. 199 miles S. by rail from Auckland on Main Trunk railway. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Is at the foot of the " Spiral " on the route from the Wanganui River to the Waimarino Plains.
RAVENSBOURNE, Otago. Three miles north by rail from Dunedin, of which it is a residential suburb and portion of the borough of West Harbour ; on the Dunedin Bay, at the foot of hills, with a store, post and telephone bureau combined. Is on the main road to Port Chalmers, which thus far is fairly good for cyclists. Has on': hotel. Named by Mr De Lacy, early owner, from Tui bird (native raven)
being numerous in the bush once beautiful here. Drs. at Dunedin. 3 m.
RAVENSCLIFF. Name of station at Cannibal Cove, Queen Charlotte's Sound, now called Ravenscliff. Disliking the name Cannibal Cove, so named by Captain Cook from the Maori custom of eating men seen there, name changed to Ravenscliff.
RAWENE, Auckland. 16 m up from entrance Hokianga River and 182 miles north-west by N.S.S. Co.'s steamer fortnightly from Auck­land via Onehunga. Pheasant shooting and river fishing—flounders, karati. etc. The Mangamuka Gorge is reached from here by boat. Hokianga County abounds in minerals, and has a very large area of Crown lands yet to be occupied. The drawback to the latter being the native population (2,000), who own the best of the land. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Name absolute Maori, having no meaning now. One bank and resident doctor.
RAWHITI. 159 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Russell, thence launch 12 miles. Good shooting and fishing. Post and telephone office. Name means "Sunshine." Doctor at Kawa Kawar 20 m The numerous bays in and around Rawhiti are all well worth visiting, and are yearly being better known.
RAWHITIROA. Abandoned Native settlement on Lake Tarawera. North Island.
RAWHITIROA, Taranaki. 76 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, then five miles road. An inland dairy district with dairy factory and good pheasant shooting. "Rawhitiroa" means "In the direct line of the sun"—i.e., it runs from east to west. Post and telegraph office. Doctor at Eltham, 5 m.
RAYMONDS GAP. Near Otautau.
RAZORBACK. Diggings south of Charleston and Brighton.
RAZORBACK, Auckland. 56 miles from Auckland. By rail to Pokeno, then two miles walk; in Manukau County. A farming district, near Bombay, with a post office, but its nearest telegraph office is Pokeno.
REA RKA. Old Native village Kaitaia, Mongonui.

REDAN VALLEY. See Wyndham.
REDCLIFF. See Glenavy.
REDCLIFF CREEK. Tributary of Waiau River.
REDCLIFFE NOOK. On the south-east of Banks Peninsula
REDCLIFFE POINT. Point near Flea Bay, Banks Peninsula.
REDCLIFFS, Canterbury. Six miles from Christchurch, on road to Sumner by electric tram. Post and telephone office. Mails arrive and depart twice daily. Redcliffs is situated on the estuary of the Heathcote and Avon rivers, and, as the tide backs far up, is famous for fishing and boating of all kinds. The headquarters of the Christchurch Sailing Club is here. Rabbit shooting on the Port Hills is plentiful, without restriction, except at lambing time. The climate is unsurpassed for growing tomatoes and vegetables, and is the first dis­trict to supply Christchurch with these. Named from the red cliffs by Howard Strong, librarian. Christchurch Library. Doctor at Summer, 2 m.
REDHILL, Auckland. 103 miles north-west from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, thence steamer 65 miles (10s). Five miles back from Aratapu. and close to the ocean. For conveyance see Aratapu, which is the landing for Redhill. Farming and nursery. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Te Kopuru, six miles.
RED HILL RANGE. East side of Pyke's River.
RED ISLAND. Small island off Otawhiri.
RED JACKET CREEK. Near Brighton, Charleston
RED JACKET TERRACE. Near Brighton, Charleston.
RED JACK'S, Westland. 20 miles north-east from Greymouth. By rail to Kamaka. 12 m, then 8 m horse; in Grey County. A mining township entirely, and the ground has been worked for many years. Nearest post and telegraph office at Stillwater. 10 miles distant. Named after first settler, who was called Red Jack.
REDMAN'S CREEK. 2 m from Te Arai, Rodney County.
REDMAN'S CREEK. Near Capleston.
RED MERCURY ISLAND. Off Mercury Bay. Is of reddish ap­pearance, summit 464ft hiuh.
RED MOUNT (6660ft). North end of Red Hill range.
RED POST Junction of Hanmer Plain and Waiau roads, near Culverden.
RED VALE, Auckland. A district of small settlers, 18 miles north by weekly coach and steamer from Auckland. Coach leaves Devonport Mondays and returns Saturdays. In Eden County; with a post office, but the nearest telegraph station is Wade, six miles off. At the head of tidal Okura River. Shooting—pheasants and ducks, and fair fishing. Okura was the original name, meaning "Red," and the settlement being situated in a valley was called Redvale. Dr. at Devonport, 14 m.
REDWOOD PASS. Road to the Lower Awatere from Blenheim through Vernon Hills.
REDWOOD'S VALLEY, Nelson. Three miles from Appleby and eight miles from Richmond, and reached by coach that runs from Nelson to Riwaka, passing the accommodation-house here twice a day. Deer, hare, rabbit, and quail shooting. Agricultural district, named after H. Redwood who once owned the valley. The ruing of stables and homestead are still here. Doctor at Richmond, 8 m. Post and telegraph office.
REDWOODTOWN. South-west suburb of Blenheim.
REEF ISLET (RABBIT ISLAND). Lying off Island Bay.
REEF NOOK. On the south-east of Bank's Peninsula, near Stormy Bay.
REEFPOINT. At entrance to Waitita Bay.
REEF POINT. Ahipara district.
REEFTON, Nelson. On the Inangahua River. 48 miles north by rail from Greymouth. 50 m by coach from West-port and 136 m by coach from Nelson. Coach leaves Reefton daily for Westport Mon., Tuesday, and Friday at 9.45 a.m., Wednesday. Thursday, and Saturday at 8.45 a.m., arriving from Westport daily at 4 p.m. on Tues. and Fri. Coaches from Reefton connect at Inangahua Junc­tion with coach for Nelson. Coach leaves Nelson on Tues. and Fri., arriving in Reefton Wed. and Sat. Coach fare to Westport 20s. Nel­son 55s; box seats. 5s extra. Reefton and its neighbourhood form one of the chief quartz mining districts in New Zealand, and there are thousands of acres of country yet to be prospected. No doubt, in the near future the whole district will be thoroughly prospected and opened up and Reefton will be a most thriving and populous place. Several good hotels, 6s to 10s per day, and private board­ing houses from 20s to 30s per week, two daily newspapers, and two branch hanks. There is also a hospital, School of Mines, public library, etc., and the town is well lighted by electricity. There is good timber, and also coal. The Reefton coal is said to be superior to any other coal in N.Z.. and there is abundance of it, the only difficulty is in getting it to a market inexpensively. Fishing in abundance in the Inangahua River and tributaries in the season. The scenery around is very good and the coach drive from Westport or Nelson to Reefton is one of the prettiest in N.Z. Very good cycling roads throughout. There is an acclimatisa­tion society. Hares and quail are plentiful, while deer have been liberated. Named Reefton on account of the quartz reefs in the vicinity. Post, money order, and telegraph office.
REES GORGE. See Glenorchy.
REES RIVER. See Glenorchy.
REHIA. 91 miles north-east from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, steamer tri-weekly (12s 6cl and 7s 6d) to Tokatoka. thence 4 m. Dairy-farming is the principal industry. Post, telephone, and money order office. Doctor at Te Kopuru, 8 m.
REID LAKE. Near Diamond Lake.
REIDSTON. Teschemakers Siding is the name of railway station, while Reidston is the postal name. Seven miles south of Oamaru on Kakanui River. Good trout fishing to be had. Post and telegraph office. Named after John Reid, owner of Elderslie Estate.
REIKORANGI, Wellington. 42 miles from Wellington. By rail to Waikanae, then horse three miles; in Hutt County. Small farming district, with a post and telephone office. Good trout fishing and pigeon and quail shooting. Nearest doctor Otaki, 13 miles.
REINGA. A cape on West Coast, near Parenga.
REMARKABLES MOUNTAINS. At N. end of Hector Range, Lake Wakatipu.
REMUERA, Auckland. A thickly populated suburban district of Auckland, adjoining the boroughs of Parnell and Newmarket. Popula­tion, 3,082.
RENWICKTOWN, Marlborough. Seven miles west by coach daily from Blenheim (2s 6d) ; in Marlborough County ; on the Wairau River: surrounded by sheep stations, is a thriving township, has fair roads, two hotels, and post and telegraph office ; hares, quail, and native game. Named after Hon. Thomas Renwick, a former owner. Has a flaxmill. Doctor at Blenheim, 7 m.
REOMOANA, In the Port Molyneux district, Otago. A school district. See Port Molyneux.
REPONGAERE, near Waerengaahika.
REPORUA. Native settlement between Tuparoa and Port Awanui.
REPORUA, Taranaki. 53 m S.E. from New Plymouth, rail to Te Wera, thence coach (2s 6d) 3 m. Post and telephone office.
RERE, Auckland. 40 m N.W. from Gisborne. Coach daily to Patutahi, then mail cart (wekly) 30 m. Sheep farming and post office. Nearest telegraph office Patutahi.
REREKAPA, Taranaki. 54 m N.E. from New Plymouth. Rail to Waitara, coach to Tongaporutu, thence horse 16 m. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor Waitara, 40 m. Is on the Tonga­porutu River, amidst grand scenery.
RERE LAKE. Near Greenstone.
REREWAIKAITE RIVER. Rising in Maungaraki Mountains, East Coast.
REREWHAKAITU. An interesting lake 1 m south-west of Mount Tarawera.
RESERVOIR, Brook Valley. Picturesque holiday resort, Nelson district.
RESOLUTION BAY, Marlborough. Is situated in Queen Char­lotte Sound, 34 miles from Blenheim, and 16 from Picton by boat. Is much frequented by yachts and camping parties. Good sea fishing. Native -pigeons are fairly plentiful and wild pigs are numerous. A rich discovery of antimony was made here in 1907. Post office. Nearest tel office Picton, 16 in. where doctor is.
RESOLUTION ISLAND. See Endeavour Inlet.
RETREAT STATION. See Mandeville.
REWA, Wellington. Is situated on the left bank of the Rangitikei River, about 12 m from Hunterville. 119 m N.E. from Wellington, and six miles from Waituna West. Bail to Feilding, then ride or drive. A dairy-fanning district, with butter factory in neighbourhood. Name means "Honeysuckle." Post, money order, and telephone office. Doctor at Hunterville, 12 m.
REWETI, Auckland. A railway siding 31 miles from Auckland, on the Auckland-Kaukapakapa line. Woodhill, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
REWI. An estate of 171,480 acres in Auckland district acquired by Government for closer settlement, and opened for selection January 28, 1908.
RHODES BAY. See Poulao Bay.
RICCARTON, UPPER AND LOWER, Canterbury. A residential suburb three miles from Christchurch, by electric tram. The site of the Riccarton racecourse, and a fruitgrowing locality. Has flourmills, good level roads all round, and three hotels. Post, money order, and telegraph office at Riccarton Upper. Named by the first settler (the late Mr Deans) after his father's farm in Ayrshire, Scotland.
RICCARTON. The old name of a township on the Taieri Plain, now called East Taieri, which see.
RICHARDSON MOUNT. Range between Rees and Shotover River.
RICHARDSON, Auckland. See Momahaki.
RICHARDSON. See Stillwater.
RICHMOND, Auckland. See Matata.
RICHMOND. Suburb of Christchurch.
RICHMOND, Nelson. Eight miles by rail from Nelson, at head of Tasman Bay; with post, telegraph, and money order office. Is one of the oldest districts in Nelson, and has good dairy-farming land, with a settled borough town. The roads are good for cyclists. Private boarding is obtainable at moderate rates, and there are three licensed hotels; butter factory. Has a good water supply; excellent river fishing, also deer shooting close at hand. Population. 651. Named by Geo. Snow, early settler, after Richmond. Thames (Eng.). Resident doctor. Half holiday held Thursday.
RICHMOND, Otago. See Pukeuri Junction.
RICHMOND BROOK. Now named Marama, which see.
RICHMOND CREEK. 2 m from Mandoville.
RICHMOND GROVE. Suburb of Invercargill.
RIDGELANDS, Wellington. 107 miles north-west from Welling­ton. Rail to Feilding, thence six miles by daily coach (Is). In Oroua County. Is a dairy-farming district. No hotel. Glen wood, half a mile distant from here, used to be the post office, but was removed and renamed Ridgelands. Mails daily. Nearest telegraph office Makino, 4 m. Has a post office. Name was that of the original estate from the ridge features of country. Nearest doctor at Feilding.
RIHI. A branch of the Whirinaki River, 16 m south of Rotorua
RIKARIKA CREEK. Flows into Otaki River.
RILEYS HILL. A high peak of the Seaward Range 6 m south of Kaikoura.
RILEY MOUNT (997ft), near Maori Creek.
RIMARIKI ISLAND. At south end of Whangaruru Bar.
RIMU, Westland. Five miles south from Hokitika by coach (1s) ; in Westland County : with post, telegraph, and money order office. An old township supported by the surrounding diggings, the workings of which are long established. It has two hotels. very pretty scenery on the Hokitika River here. Rimu is the name of the red pine timber, which formerly grew here abundantly. Doctors at Hokitika, 5 m. A revival of mining here from finding gold beneath strata of old workings.
RIMU, Southland. See Longbush.
RIMUTAKA. Mountain range in southern part of Wellington district, over which the railway to Napier passes.
RINGA RINGA BAY. 1 ½ m from Half Moon Bay, facing Patersons Inlet.
RINGARINGA. A portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
RINGWAY, Southland. A railway siding 10 miles from Thornbury Junction, on the Riverton-Nightcaps line. Otautau, 2 m distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
RIOUX MOUNT (1603ft). Trig station near Mangamahoe.
RIP AND TEAR. Creek near Cronadon.
RIPA ISLAND. In Lyttelton Harbour. Cable laid between here and Golland Bay.
RIPIA. Maori settlement near Scarrotts, Hobson County.
RIPONUI, Auckland. 120 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei (15s). Rail to Hukerenui, thence by horse 6 miles. In Whangarei County. Name means "a big swamp." Post and telephone office. Doctor at Hikurangi, 12 m.
RISING SUN BLOCK, Hawke's Bay. (Now Horoeka, see).
RISSINGTON, Hawke's Bay. 17 m north-west by motor tri­-weekly (5s and 8s) from Napier. In Hawke's Bay County. Post and telegraph office. Sheep station district entirely. On River Mangaoiie. Named by Sir G. Whitmore, owner of Rissington sheep run. about 1865. Doctor at Napier. 17 m.
RIVERDALE. See Collingwood.
RIVERDALE, Taranaki district. Has butter factory. See Inaha.
RIVERHEAD, Auckland. On Waitemata River, 25 miles north-east by rail from Auckland to Kumeu railway station, thence three miles; or by steamer from Auckland Mon., Tues., Thurs., Fri., returning following days. A farming settlement with two stores, one hotel, and a papermill. Named from being at head of river. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Helensville. 14 m.
RIVERLANDS. 21 miles from Picton, on the Picton-Seddon line, and 6 m from Blenheim. Blenheim nearest post office. Here is Blenheim racecourse.
RIVERLEA, Taranaki. Four miles from Kaponga (nearest tele­graph office), or 82 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, then 12 m by the Opunake coach (fare 4s 6d) daily. Called Riverlea from the number of small streams in the vicinity. Post and teleph. office. Dr. at Kaponga, 4 m.
RIVERS. The rivers of N.Z. are numerous, but few of them suitable for navigation, many of them being mountain torrents swelled with the melting of snow and glaciers. The order of those given is from the Auckland province in the north to Southland in the south.
There are 31 boards of trustees appointed to look after the management of the affairs of so many of the rivers of N.Z. Wairoa north flows south into Kaipara Harbour, and is navigable 60 miles for small steamers. Waikato.—This is the longest river in the colony. Flows north for about 40 miles from Ruapehu into Taupo Lake; issuing again it flows north-west for 217 miles, and enters sea to south of Manukau is Navigable for small steamers 100 miles up. Chief tributary, Waipa. Thames flows north into Firth of Thames. Navigable for 50 miles. Piako.—West of Thames, flowing into Firth of Thames. Rangitaika and Whakatani.—Separated by Te Whaiti range ; flowing into Bay of Plenty. Wairoa South flows south into Hawke's Bay. Ruamahanga flows south through Wairarapa Plain into Palliser Bay. Hutt flows south into Port Nicholson. Manawatu flows south through Hawke's Bay and Wellington. Rangitikei flows south-west to Cook Strait. Wangaehu.—Flows south into Cook Strait. Wanganui flows south­east to Cook Strait. Navigable for small steamers 60 miles up. Waitotaha flows south into Cook Strait. Patea, Waitara, and Mokau flow into Taranaki Bight. Tuki-Tuki flows north-east. Manawatu flows south-west to Wellington. Tutaekuhi flows easterly. Ngaruru flows easterly, Mohaka flows easterly, and Wairoa South, flows south into Hawke's Bay. All the above rivers are in the North Island, and those following are in the South Island. Wairau.—Flows north-east to Cloudy Bay. Clarence Rises at Nelson, and flows north-east. Awatere.—Flows north-east into Cook Strait. Waiau;.—Flows south-west into sea. Hurunui.— Flows easterly. Buller.—Flows west to Westport. grey.—Flows south-west. Motueka and Waimea flow into Tasman Bay. Owing to the Southern Alps Canterbury is well supplied with rivers. Hurunui, Waimakariki, Ashley. Rakaia, Ashbubton, Rangitata, Orari, Opihi, and Waitaki all flow south-east to sea. The Waitaki dividing line between Otago and Canterbury is formed by union of Tekapo, Pukaki, and Ohau Rivers. Selwyn.—Flows east to Pegasus Bay. As in Canterbury the Southern Alps swell the rivers of Westland, which all flow westward to the sea. Grey River forms part of northern boundary. Teremakau.—Wide and rapid, discharges between Hokitika and Greymouth. Haast.—Largest river in south of Westland. The smaller rivers on West Coast are Mikonui, Waitaha, Wanganui, Wataroa, Waiho, Weheka, Pabinoa, Kanieri, Kakanui and Shag run south-east, Taiebi.—Flows through Taieri Plains. Clutha.—The largest river in the colony. Issuing from Lake Wanaka the Clutha flows for 154 miles into Molyneux Bay. Only navigable for boats and small steamers for abcut 30 miles, and there is on it several thriving towns. Molyneux.—Below Cromwell, the Clutha is known officially as the Molyneux, Mataura.—Commences at Lake Wakatipu ; flows to sea. Oheti.—Flows through Southland Plains into New River. Aparima.— Flows south. Waiau,—Drains large area of country from Lakes Te Anau and Manapouri.
RIVERSDALE, Southland. 117 miles south-west from Dunedin and 58 miles north-west from Invercargill by rail; in Southland County. A post and telegraph office, and telephone exchange. Is near the Mataura River. A fine grain-growing and sheep-farming district, with agricultural implement works and extensive grain stores in town­ship. Good trout fishing is obtainable in Mataura River, 3 miles off.
Has good cycling roads nearly all the year round. Lagnite exists in all the terraces in the neighbourhood, and no doubt good brown coal will yet be worked here. There are two hotels, but private boarding might be obtained. Is the junction for Waikaia railway line. Resi­dent doctor.
RIVERSIDE, Canterbury. 10 miles from Ashburton; in Ashburton County : with post and telephone. Farming district entirely, to which there is a good level cycling road, but no hotel. So named because of it lying alongside the Ashburton River. Good trout fishing, and wild duck and hare shooting. Doctor at Ashburton, 10 m.
RIVERSIDE. A railway station 3 m from Outram. by side of Taieri River. Outram nearest post and telephone office.
RIVERSLEA. Agricultural district near Temuka.
RIVER TERRACE. See Brightwater.
RIVERTON, Southland. One of the prettiest seaport towns in the South Island ; at mouth of Aparima River, with a bar harbour; and 26 miles N.W. by rail from Invercargill. Farming, sawmilling. and gold mining (sluicing). Good trout fishing and shooting. Very good cycling roads, and excellent boating facilities. Several good hotels and private accommodation, 20s to 42s; two banks—N.Z. and National —and bi-weekly newspaper. Half holiday held on Wednesday. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Resident doctors. In Wallace County Maori name. Aparima.
Riverton is a borough having property to the annual rateable value of £4,227, bearing a rate of 1s 3d: an annual revenue of £900, and a population at last census of 914. It has a cheese factory, flourmills, athenaeum, and the Wallace and Fiord Hospital.
RIWAKA, Nelson. On sea coast, between Motueka and Riwaka Rivers and 34 miles north-west from Nelson. Rail to Richmond eight miles. Mail coach leaves Riwaka 8 o'clock every morning for Nelson, arrives Riwaka 2.30 p.m. every day from Nelson (fare 7s 6d); also a mail conveyance leaves Riwaka 8.30 a.m. every Mon. and Thurs. for Takaka and Collingwood. arriving 6 p.m. Distance from Takaka to Riwaka 34 m, from Riwaka to Collingwood 56 m. Fare to Takaka, 10s. Good trout fishing and quail shooting. The road from Nelson to here is a splendid run for cyclists, but to Takaka is rather hilly. Hop-growing on an extensive scale is carried on here, and is the chiet support of the settlement. Two public schools, one butter factory two creameries, and two sawmills. Fruit-growing very extensive. One hotel and private boarding house. (See also Takaka.) Post, tele­phone, and money order office. Riwaka means "in centre of canoe." Nearest doctors at Motueka.
ROA. 20 m rail from Greymouth. One hotel, store, school. Post office and telephone bureau. Paparoa Coal Co.'s mines here. Is situated at the roof of the tunnel. From Blackball to the township is not a great distance, but the engineering difficulties were great.
ROBERT MOUNT. On Lake Rotoiti, western shore.
ROBERTS MOUNT (6950ft). Peak in Southern Alps
ROBIN HOOD BAY. 19 miles north from Blenheim. Rail or drive to Tua-Marina. then horse 13 m. Good fishing. Small bay facing Caw Campbell. Has a post and telephone office. Named by Captain Jackson, early settler, after place in Yorkshire. England. Fishing by trawlers and oil launches extensively carried on. Good boarding school for boys established here.
ROBIN HOOD BAY, Oanuku. Bay on the south of Banks Peninsula.
ROBINSON BAY. On east shore of Wellington Harbour.
ROBINSON'S BAY, Canterbury. On Akaroa Harbour, 52 m from Christchuroh. By rail to Little River, then coach daily arriving here 1.30 p.m., 16 m (fare, 8s return). In Akaroa County. Post and telephone office. A dairy-farming district, hilly and unsuitable for cyclists, but has fine scenery. On Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday coach meets steamer at Pigeon Bay from Lyttelton. Named after the first settler. Doctor at Akaroa, 4 m.
ROBINSON RIVER. Tributary of Grey River.
ROBSON POINT. Situated entrance Port Underwood.
ROCHFORT TERRACE. Near Giles Terrace.
ROCKFORD, Canterbury. 52 miles N.W. from Christchurch. Rail to Oxford, thence 12 miles by mail cart bi-weekly (4s return). Dairy and agricultural farming district. Good hare shooting; very fine scenery. Post office. Nearest telephone office. View Hill. 4 m. On Waimakariri River, in which is large rock in centre, where fora crossing is. Doctor at Oxford, 12 m.
ROCKLANDS. See Berlins.
ROCK AND PILLAR, Otago. 56 miles south-west by nil from Dunedin. With a post and telephone office. Is entirely a sheep-farming district on high land. Named by first surveyor from hill features. On Taieri River. Doctor at Middlemarch, 8 m. Consump­tive sanatorium here, with resident doctor. Good fishing.
ROCKS POINT. 60 m north of Westport.
ROCKVALE, Nelson. Gold was discovered in 1856 by John Ellis and E. James in a creek that ran through a gully near here, and by April. 1857, over 1000 miners were on the field.
ROCKVILLE, Nelson. 71 miles from Nelson. Steamer to Collingwood, then mail cart bi-weekly 6 miles. Hydraulic and sluicing gold mining, butter factory. So called from notable rocks in the vicinity, also very fine caves. Post and telephone office. Cheese fac­tory. On Aorere River. Doctor at Collingwood, 5 m.
ROCKY BAY. Outside Tutakaka Harbour.
ROCKY BAY. See Putiki Bay.
ROCKY BIGHT. Between Ngahauranga and Petone.
ROCKY CREEK. Small stream flowing into the Kaituna River. In flood time it becomes uncrossable.
ROCKY CREEK. Fresh water stream near Pahi.
ROCKY NOOK. Part of Mount Albert Road District and a suburb of Auckland, which see.
RODNEY. County, Auckland.
ROIMATA. Village settlement, suburb of Christchurch.
ROKAUNUI. See Kawhia.
ROLLESTON, Canterbury. 14 miles south by rail from Christchurch; in Selwyn County. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Is an old settled farming district with good land ; level roads for cyclists; and has 1 hotel. Named after late Mr Rolleston. Dr. at Lincoln, 7 m. Junction for Springfield railway line.
ROLLESTON MOUNT. Rock peak, about 9000ft, near Arthurs Pass, West Coast road.
ROLLESTON RANGE. Near Arthurs Pass, West Coast road.
ROMAHAPA, Otago. 61 miles south by rail from Dunedin, on the Balclutha-Catlin's River line of railway. Is one of the busiest townships on the line, with twine, flax, and saw mills. The land surroundins: is of fair quality, used for both agriculture and pasture. It is the station where intending visitors to Port Molyneux, Nuggets, Kaka Point, and Wiltshire Bay break their journey by train to take conveyance to the port (3 ½ miles distant) and the places mentioned, which are some miles further on. The main road is very fair for cycling, while there is pretty bush scenery and pigeon and rabbit snooting. Boarding accommodation is obtainable, but visitors gener­ally take touts and camp near the bush. It is a post and telephone office, and is in the Clutha County. Good trout fishing in Glenomaru Stream, which flows through Romahapa. (See also Port Moly­neux, Kaka Point, Wiltshire Bay, and Nuggets.) Name means "crooked stream." Dr. at Balclutha, 10 m.
ROMNEY POINT. At mouth of Punakaiki River.
RONA BAY. A seaside residential suburb of Wellington; about 7 m by ferry steamer on opposite side of harbour. See Days Bay; also Eastbourne. Telegraph office.
RONGAHERE, Otago. 79 m S.W. from Dunedin. By rail 10 Lawrence, then tri-weekly coach 12 m (3s) to Kononui, thence 3 m horse. In Clutha County. With a post office, but the nearest telegraph station being; at Kononui. A farming district with sawmills. Is situated on the Molyneux River. Good shooting on the Blue Mountains, six miles off—wild pigs and deer. Good fishing in the Pomahaka River, six miles distant. Adjoins Clydevale Estate. Steamer from Balclutha to Tuapeka Mouth, fortnightly, and during the summer, to here. Name means "Bush by the river." Dr. at Lawrence, 12 m.
RONGA RIVER. Flows to the Rai River.
RONGA VALLEY. A heavily timbered valley stretching sea­ward from Rai Valley.
RONGOKOKAKO, Wellington. 98 miles north from Welling­ton. Rail to Eketahuna, thence five miles. Wairarapa North County. Post and telephone office. Name means "listen to the bell bird. ' Doctor at Eketahuna, 5 m.
RONGOMAI, Wellington. Seven miles by hire from Eketa­huna. ; in North County. With a post and telephone office. A sheep station and farming district. Dr. at Eketahuna, 7 m.
RONGOTEA, Wellington. 108 miles north from Wellington. By rail to Feilding or Palmerston North, then daily coach (3s and 5s) ; or rail to Foxton. thence steam tram 4 m to Rongotea Siding. In Manawatu County; with post, telegraph, and money order office (half holiday held Wednesday). A dairy-farming district, formerly known as Canipbellto\vn. Dairy factory, butter-box factory, grindery and crushing mills. Resident doctor.
ROROKOKO STREAM. Flowins into Taueru River.
ROSALIE BAY. South side of Great Barrier Island.
ROSEBROOK, near Gleniti, South Canterbury.
ROSEDALE. A suburb of Invercargill, on the Waihopai River, from which electric power is obtained. See Invercargill.
ROSEHILL. See Orawai.
ROSEMOUNT. Trig station, near Inangahua Junction.
ROSENEATH. A residential suburb of Wellington, situated on a rise at the end of Oriental Bay. Splendid view of harbour. Tele­phone bureau. Reached by electric tram everv 10 minutes from City.
ROSENEATH. See Sawyers Bay.
ROSINA. A station on the Sanson Foxton tramway. See Rongotea, named by surveyor after Rosini Carandini, a noted lady vocalist about 1868. when she visited New Zealand.
ROSLYN BUSH, Southland. A sheep-farming settlement in Southland County. Nine miles north-east from Invercargill by good road ; or rail to One Tree Point, thence 3 miles. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Invercargill, 9 miles.
ROSLYN, Otago. A municipality with a population of over 5733; and a suburb of Dunedin. Situated on the hills overlooking the. city. Cable cars run every few minutes. Dates from 1862, and named by the late Mr Jas. Kilgour, on whose estate it was—Roslyn, after Roslyn Castle, Scotland. Cable car from Rattray street, and another from Octagon, Dunedin. Post and telegraph office.
ROSS MOUNT. Peak in South Canterbury.
ROSS, Westland. Near Totara River, 15 miles south from Hokitika by rail (terminus of line). Gold mining—alluvia], sluicing, and sinking A clean and neat little town, the centre of a good mining district with sluicing claims on a large scale. Roads fair for cycling Hoarding at hotels. Is a borough and has a bank, churches (Presby­terian, English, Roman Catholic, and Wesleyan), and a post, telegraph, and money order office. Hospital and resident doctor. Gooci fishing (whitebait, herring, and flounder), also good shooting. Good track to .Mount Greenland (2928ft); trip accomplished in one day if necessary. Government huts at summit, from which is obtainable a good view of Southern Alps and Mt. Cook. Weekly mail coach leaves for South Westland to Franz Joseph Glacier. Good accommodation, and three cold lakes en route—Ianthe, Wahapo, and Mapourika. Ross was originally called Jones', and subsequently renamed Ross after an early prospector. Population. 641.
ROTHERHAM, Canterbury. 76 miles north-east from Christchurch. By rail to Culverden, then daily coach eight miles (2s 6d); in Aniuri Comity; with post and telephone office. An inland sheep station district, with level main road for cyclists; and has one hotel. About a mile from the Waiau River, in which trout are plentiful. Named after English town by first surveyor. Dr. at Culverden, 8 m.
ROTHESAY. A summer resort on eaetorn shore of Wellington.
ROTHESAY. The lower portion of Ravensbourne. which see.
ROTO. See Babylon.
ROTOEHU. A small lake 20 miles from Rotorua, which see.
ROTOHOKAHOKA. A small lake in the dense budh about 10 in west of Rotorua. Seen by few.
ROTONGARO. Lake near Ohinewai.
ROTOROA LAKE. 12 m long, discharging into Buller River about 25 in from Tophouse.
ROTOROA ISLAND. An island at entrance to Firth of Thames. Now used as an inebriates' reformatory for men. The reformatory was formerly on Pakatoa Island, but on Christmas Eve, 1910, the inmates were transferred here. There is accommodation for 100 men, and in June. 1911, 80 cases were under treatment. Steamer calls on Tues. and Fri. with mails and passengers. The main industries are poultry farming and gardening. The institution is registered by Govt. under the " Habitual Drunkards' Act, 1906," is under Govt. supervision, and controlled bv the Salvation Army.
ROTO ROA LAKE. Small lake near Te Teko Matata.
ROTORUA, Auckland. A town district, the affairs of which are managed by the New Zealand Government. In September, 1907, the town was taken over by the Tourist Department, and it is the intention of the Government to make Rotorua one of the-best health resorts of the world. Before the Government took over the town it was managed by a council, three members being elected by vote, and four appointed by the Government under the Thermal Springs Act of 1881. Rotorua is a town without taxes, and its inhabitants are asked only to contribute to the fire brigade and library; while a pure and abundant water supply only costs £2 per annum. It has a resident population of about 2000, and there are a great many Natives in the neighbourhood; and is the centre of the thermal springs district. Is 171 miles south-east by rail from Auckland; return tickets are available for three months. Fare : First class return, 42s 8d ; second class 28s 6d. Coach leaves here for Taupo on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 7.30 a.m., via Waiotapu, 56 miles (thence to Napier: fare, 25s single, 40s return; for Tauranga, via Te Puke, on Tuesday and Friday at 7 a.m. (56 miles); fare, 20s single, 35s return. On Monday and Thursday at 8 a.m. for Tauranga via Oropi Bush (40 miles) ; fare, 15s single. For Taupo via Atiamuri on Thursday at 7 a.m. (56 miles); fare, 25s single, 40s return. The township is lit with electric light.
An attack on Te Kooti, the Maori reBel, was made here on May 7, 1870. when 20 Natives were killed.
Rotorua is divided into two townships about three-quarters of a mile from each other. The upper township (or Ohinemutu) is built higher up than Rotorua proper and the former overlooks the lake ; while Rotorua is on the lower land. Two miles distant is the Maori settlement of Whakarewarewa. Rotorua is rather a straggling town, with well formed streets and plantations; the latter will in time greatly add to the beauty of the place. There are numerous hotels and boarding houses, amongst the latter being the well-known establishment. Brent's Bath-gate House. Tariffs vary from 25s per week for boarding houses, and for hofels from 7s to 12s per day. Many of the hotels have hot springs in their own grounds, which are greatly used by visitors. There are boiling springs all round the township from which large volumes of steam are constantly rising. The grounds leading to the sanatorium are well laid out with numerous walks and arbours; and there are tennis lawns and bowling greens. Post, telegraph, telephone, and money order office, and savings bank. Bank of N.Z. Bi-weekly newspaper. Resident doctors. Half holiday Wednesday.
In the middle of the Rotorua Lake is the island of Mokoia, celebrated in Maori love lore as the place where Tutanekei, chief of his tribe dwelt. Hinemoa (famous in song and story), who was in love with this chief, is said to have swam across the lake to this island—a distance of three miles—to see him. Before the opening of the railway this place could be visited best from Tauranga bv a 40 miles coach ride, and was then little known; and 38 years ago it could not be visited at all except under permit of the Maoris, with Maori guide as protection, the whole district being then an unknown Maori territory. The places of interest to visit within easy reach of Rotorua are as follows:—Ohinemutu, ¾ miles; Whakarewarewa, 1 ½ ; Fairy Spring, 3 ; Ngongotaha (to foot of mountain), 4; Hatmirana Spring (by launch), 8; Tikitere (with Blue Lake), 11; Hamurana Spring (by launch and return by Tikitere), 19 ; Wairoa (by coach), 10; Tarawera Mountain (by Wairoa), 22; Okere Falls (via Tikitere), 17 ; Rotoiti, 20 ; Waiotapu (with detour showing Tarawera Mountain and the crater of the extinct Waimangu geyser, which was. when it was active, the largest known), 20; Okoroire, 30; and Taupn (via Wairakei with its wonderful geysers), 56. The Rotorua Lake, which is 84ft deep, abounds in trout.
Surroundings of Rotorua.—Crossing from the. old township of Ohine­mutu in a steam launch, visit the Island of Mokoiu, in the centre of Lake Rotorua ; thence to the beautiful cold spring of Hamurana, one of the most charming picnicing spots in the district; thence, through the Ohau Creek into Lake Rotoiti ; do well to camp for the night, and spend the following day in exploring the. cosy bays and inlets with which the lake abounds, and visiting the hot spring of Manapirua, and the waterfall and hot springs in the neighbourhood of Taheke.
Crossing over to the western shore of the lake, and landing at Tapuaehaniru. a short walk of a mile or two takes to Lake Roto Ehu. Crossing this in a canoe, is the hot iron spring already alluded to, and one may readily convince himself of the presence of iron in the water by attempting to make tea of it.
Another walk of a mile will disclose one of the loveliest lakes in the district. Lake Roto-Ma. The general consensus of opinion is that this lake is a vision of beauty, which every visitor lingers round as long as possible and leaves with regret. The trip shows the visitor the paradise of the district ; he will find the Inferno at Titikere. Sala, when he visited this spot some years ago, called it at once " Hell's Gates." It is certainly a most weird and awe-inspiring place. The steam rising from its boiling pools and mud-geysers is a never-failing landmark seen from every point of the Rotorua basin. The hydro-thermal action is so powerful at this spot that the visitor feels the earth vibrating under his feet; and yet, in spite of these dismal horrors, invalids—ladies even—will spend weeks here in order to get the benefit of the healing springs, which are justly credited with many most remarkable cures. Tikitere is 11 miles from Rotorua, and the trip may be comfortably made in half a dav.
The next point of interest for the tourist is the Wai-o-Tapu Valley, distant from Rotorua some 20 miles. Leaving his hotel after an early breakfast, say 7 a.m., the visitor may see the chief points of interest in the valley, and return in time for dinner at 6 p.m., but only to regret the inadequacy of a one day's visit to fully inform himself of the wonderful resources of this remarkable district.
Another trip is the Rotorna-Tarawera-Rotomahana round trip. This one-day round trip, of about 40 m, is the most wonderful in the thermal district. Coach from Rotorua to shores of Lake Tarawera, passing en route Lakes Tikitapu and Rotokakahi and the ruined village of Te Wairoa; cross Lake Tarawera by Government motor launch; walk across the short portage to Lake Rotomahana, and cruise in another launch along the cliffs of that lake, remarkable for their thermal activity. Walk from Rotomahana to the Waimangu Geyser Valley and Government accommodation house ; then return to Rotorua by coach. This trip can also be made the reverse way.
The Rotorua Basin and its Surroundings.—Not one in twenty of the visitors takes the nearest route across the Pukeroa Recreation Reserve to the Government baths; and yet from this spot a most magnificent pano­ramic view of the whole Rotorua basin, 80,000 acres in extent, may be obtained. Standing on the highest point, and looking towards the north, the visitor sees spread out before him the tranquil beauty of Lake Rotorua 20,000 acres of water, with the lofty volcanic island of Mokoia in its centre. The lights and shadows on the surrounding hills, the cloud scenery reflected in the water, the white cliffs to the north and north-east gleaming in the sunlight, the steam column rising from Tikitere, the bluff of Wahanga—the most northerly point of the Tarawera Range—just peering above the intervening hills, and in the foreground the Maori village and the English Church on a promontory jutting into the lake, form a picture which would certainly delight the artist, who usmvlly sees when he looks, if not the tourist, who, too often, looks without seeing. Turning to the south and south-west, one knows of no prospect more lovely on a calm summer's evening at sunset. The steam columns of Whakarewarewa are thrown into relief by the dark background of hills, and through the Hemo Gorge a glimpse is caught of the deep blue Paeroa Ranges in the extreme <iistance. In the west is the bold bluff of Paparata, with its sky-line clothed with forest, through which the setting sun throws a flood of crimson light, making it look like a veritable bush on fire. North­west is the Ngongotaha Mountain, rising 1,600ft above the level of the lake, from the summit of which may be seen on a clear day the Bay of Plenty, with its numerous islands, and inland the snow-capped mountains of Ruapehu and Tongariro.
Whakarewarewa.—At Whakarewarewa, only two miles from Rotoma, the visitor will find an epitome of all that the neighbourhood contains ; hotel and bathing accommodation, geysers, hot springs, boiling pools, mud volcanoes, hot waterfalls, and siliceous terrace formation. It will interest the visitor to know that in our thermal springs district exist the only geysers in that British Empire on which the sun is said never to set. Geysers are found in the Yellowstone Park, in Iceland, and in Thibet. Of the latter we know very little ; but geologists tell us that, of the geysers of the world, those of the States of Wyoming and Idaho are the oldest, those in New Zealand the next in age, and, strange to say, those of Iceland, with which most of us were first acquainted, the youngest. Busses ply frequently to Whakarewarewa.
It will be seen, therefore, that the invalid tourist has plenty to interest him close at home, without interfering in any way with a profitable use of the numerous hot springs at his disposal.
The Geyser at Orakeikorako.—This geyser broke out in June, 1893, and occasioned a profound sensation in the district. Those who have seen it declare it to be the most wonderful and astounding phenomenon in New Zealand, and, for power and grandeur as a geyser, second to none in the world. It has been very appropriately named "The Terrific."
Climate of Rotorua.—The geographical position of the North Island of New Zealand will naturally suggest something of the character of its inland climate at an elevation of 1,000ft. Rotorua is some 40 miles from the coast. Its elevation is 990ft above the sea level. The atmosphere is drier and more bracing than on the coast—in winter considerably colder, and in summer perhaps somewhat hotter, but of a dry pleasant heat, free from the moist oppressiveness which characterises the summer heat of Auckland and other coast towns. The mean temperature of spring is 53deg, of summer 66deg, of autumn 57deg, and of winter 45deg. Th» relative moisture of the air for the four seasons (taking complete saturation at lOOdeg) is—for spring, 74deg ; for summer, 66deg ; for autumn, 67deg ; and for winter, 74deg. The steam which rises so abundantly and per petually all over the district no doubt adds considerably to the moisture of the atmosphere. This was clearly shown in the month of June, 1886, when the great eruption of Tarawera took place. The relative moisture for that month was lOdeg in excess of the average, owing to the immense amount of vapour caused by the eruption. The daily range of temperature is greatest in the summer and least in the winter. This obtains throughout the whole of New Zealand, and is, indeed, one of the features of the New Zealand climate. No matter how hot a summer's day may be here, the niglits are invariably cool. The mean daily range of temperature for spring is 21deg, for summer 28deg, for autumn 23deg, and for whiter 20deg.
The most agreeable months of the year for an invalid to visit Rotorna are February, March, and April; the least pleasant are August, September, and October ; but, as there is ample boarding accommodation close to the baths, the invalid is virtually independent of the weather. A climate better adapted to the necessities of the class of patients visiting this health resort could not be desired. They are, as a rule, persons of fairly vigorous health, in whom it is desirable to maintain the normal power of adaptation and resistance to climatic changes. A climate in which the same conditions prevailed for long periods of the year would fail to secure this end ; but one in which the various factors of temperature, moisture, light, electricity, wind, and atmospheric pressure are subject to moderate variations is, in even- way, the one to be desired.
It is most desirable that invalids visiting Rotorua should be well informed as to the character of the climate. Considerable misapprehension exists on this point, particularly amongst visitors from the south, their impression being that Rotorua is a very warm place, and that in summer they have to bring only the lightest possible clothing. This is a great mistake, as in February and March it is not uncommon to find in 24 hours a thermometric range of lOOdeg between the solar and terrestrial radiation temperatures. Visitors, therefore, should provide themselves with light and heavy clothing, no matter at what season of the year they may arrive.
The Rotorua Sanatorium: Names of the Principal Baths.—The southern shore of Lake Rotorua has been very wisely chosen as the basis of operations for opening-up this wonderful district. Here are grouped together numerous examples of the five classes of springs mentioned, and here the Government fixed their first sanatorium and bathing establishment. The sanatorium reserve at Rotorua comprises an area of some 50 acres, bounded on the north and east by the lake, and on the west and south by the township of Rotorua. Twelve years ago this was a howling wilderness, covered with manuka-scrub, and diversified only by clouds of steam rising from the various hot springs. Here the adventurous invalid of that day had to pitch his tent, and be satisfied with a hole in the ground for a bath; and if the spring he wished to use happened to be too hot for his purpose he probably had to dig the hole for himself, and regulate the supply and temperature of the water to the best of his hydraulic ability. In many instances he immortalised himself by giving his name to the spring—a name still retained. Thus we have " Cameron's Bath," " M'Hugh's Bath," " Mackenzie's Bath," and "The Priest's Bath." Other springs have received their names from some real or imaginary quality. Thus we have " Madame Rachel," " The Pain-killer.'" " The Coffeepot." "The Postmaster," "The Duchess," and ."The Blue Bath." Now this scene of desolation is completely transformed. Walks and drives planted with evergreen trees traverse it from end to end ; fountains—amongst which are the arti­ficial intermittent geysers constructed by Mr C. Malfroy—and flower gardens delight the eye, and commodious buildings for the entertain­ment of invalids are springing up on every side. The principal of these are the Sanatorium Hospital, the medical residence, the Priest's Pavilion, the Rachel Pavilion, and the Blue Swimming Bath (to which is attached the sulphur-vapour bath):
Considerable improvements in the way of extended accommodation have been carried out at the swimming bath and the Rachel Pavilion. From the former the natural sulphur-vapour bath has been separated, and made a distinct department, so that it may be used by ladies while gentle­men occupy the swimming bath, and vice versa. At the Rachel Pavilion four new private baths have been constructed, with two dressing rooms attached to each. This is a distinct advance, and will enable the attendant to put two bathers through the one bath in the time usually occupied by one bathei when the bathroom is used both for dressing and undressing.
At the southern corner of the Rachel Pavilion a large addition in the way of a ladies' swimming bath is being constructed. It is 48ft by 24ft, from 3ft to 4ft deep, and capable of accommodating 20 bathers at one time. Its capacity is 25,200 gallons, and its temperature will be maintained at about 90deg. It will be provided with dressing rooms and shower baths. This will supply a long-felt want, as the previous arrange­ment of having hours set apart for ladies to use the gentlemen's swimming bath was, for obvious reasons, unsatisfactory.
The most noticeable recent addition to the bathing accommodation is the new sulphur baths. They are situated on the western shore of the lake, at a distance of about half a mile from the Priest and Rachel Pavilions, and are approached by a good carriage drive. They consist of two large public piscinae (each 24ft by 12ft) and four smaller ones (each 12ft by 10ft). one of the former and two of the latter being appropriated to each sex. There are 20 dressing rooms, 10 in each department. It has been found necessary to leave the baths open to the air. as the gases arising from them are apt to produce vertigo and fainting unless they are exposed to very free ventilation. In the summer weather they are sheltered from the sun by canvas awnings. Recently verandahs have been built opposite the dressing boxes, adding greatly to their comfort and convenience. The temperature of the spring supplying these baths is 114deg Fahr., and the outflow varies from 6,000 to 7,000 gallons per hour. The water rises though a fissure in the rock of considerable length, and the temperature is regulated by a series of sluices, one of which is
connected with each bath ; if all the sluices are closed the water cools by natural radiation of heat, and if any sluice is opened the bath fed by it rises in temperature.
These, baths are increasing rapidly in popularity as curative agents in all forms of rheumatism, gout, and neuralgias. There still are a few cases of fainting and involuntary muscular twitching, without loss of consciousness, among men using these baths. The women appear to enjoy a singular immunity from these troubles, due, most likely, to the gases arising from their baths being either less in quantity or different in quality. The Hospital: The stipulations made by the Government with regard to admission to the hospital are that the patient shall bej able to show that his case is one likely to be benefited by the use of the baths, and that he is unable to pay the usual hotel or boarding house charges.
Splendid trout-fishing in season, with fly and minnow, at Botorua and Roloiti and in the neighbouring lakes and streams. Numerous! motor launches for hire for fish-trolling. Government fishing-launch on Lake Taraweva. A Government nursery for the raising of trees is here.
ROTOTUNA Auckland. 89 m south from Auckland, by rail to Hamilton, then mail cart. 6 m (2s 6d ret.), daily. Tel. 0., Hamilton. 6 m, where Dr. is. Name means "lake of eels." Tanawhekapeha Lake1 here is the largest in Waikato district, and there are 10 others within a few miles.
ROTU, Auckland. A railway siding seven miles north from Dargaville, on the Dargaville-Kaihu line. Babylon, 2 m distant, is the post office.

ROUGH PEAK MOUNT. Peak on Thomsons Mountains.
ROUGH AND TUMBLE CREEK. Near Charleston. Also name of rough track between Mokihinui and Karamea.
ROUGH RIDGE, Otago Central. Now called Otnrehiia. which see.
ROUGH RIVER, Tributarv of Grey River.
ROUND BUSH. See Winton.
ROUND HILL, Southland. 37 miles from Invercargill. By rail to Colac Bay, then 4 m by bush tramway (Is); Wallace Co; with a post office and telephone station. An old mining district near Orepuki, with two sluicing claims.
ROUND HILL. Peak in South Canterbury.
ROUND HILL, near Shannon.
ROUND HILL, Otago. In Bruce County. A railway siding on Milton-Lawrence line, 48 miles from Dunedin. Manuka Creek is the nearest post office, three miles off.
ROUND LAKE, near Ohaupo. Waipa, County.
ROUTEBURN GORGE, near Kinloch.
ROWAN, Taranaki. 41 miles from New Plymouth. By rail to Stratford, then regular communication by coach daily, 11 m (1s 3d) ; in Stratford County. Farming locality, with a dairy factory. Good roads, but no hotel or boarding Good fishing and shooting. Nearest telegraph office Kaponga, 4 m. Cheese factory. Named after Captain Rowan, of Imperial troops. Dr. at Kaponga, 4 m.
ROWES. A station on the Sanson-Foxton tramway. See Sanson.
ROWSELL'S, Auckland. On one of the inlets of Kaipara Har­bour; 88 m north by weekly steamer (10s) from Auckland ; in Otamatea County ; with a post office, the nearest telegraph station being Maungaturoto, two miles distant. A farming district and no township. Also by rail to Te Hana, then coach 27 m. This district is situated at the head of the Wairau River, and is famous for duck and pheasant shooting; also for fishing. A growing district. Named after pioneer settler, who had first post office. Dr. at Maungutoroto, 2 m.
ROXBURGH, Otago. A borough on the Molyneux River; 100 miles north-west from Dunedin; in Tuapeka County. Rail to Lawrence, then 40 miles by daily coach leaving at 1 p.m. and returning at 8 a.m. ; fare, 12s 6d single. Fair trout fishing in Teviot Creek, although the creek is rather rough and rocky. Fruit-growing extensively. Hydraulic gold mining and dredging. Roads fair for cycling. Has a bank, weekly newspaper. i»ost, telegraph, and money order office, also several hotels. Besides hotel board there is private boarding at 25s per week. Named by first settlers, Teviot in Scotland, but renamed Roxburgh by Govern­ment surveyor, who laid out township. Golf links. Dr, here. Popu­lation, 480.
RUAHINE, Wellington. 144 miles from Wellington. By rail to Feilding, then daily coach 40 miles (10s); or nine miles from Mangiiweka railway station on the main road to Feilding. In Kiwitea County; with a post and telephone office. Dairying largely tarried on. Main road from Feilding to Mangaweka passes here, and runs alongside Mangawharariki River, the scenery of which equals that of Minawatn Gorge. Healthy resort for travellers. Daily mail service. No hotel. Hood fishing and shooting. Has tel. And hall. Dr. at Mangaweka. 9 m.
RUAHINE, Southland. A railway station 38 miles from Invercargill on Orepuki line. Sawmilling. Post office is Pahin.
RUAHENE RANGES. Lofty range of mountains extending N.E. from Manawatu Gorge.
RUAKAKA, Auckland. 89 m N. from Auckland, by steamer tri-weekly from Auckland, or 9 m from Mangapai, which see. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor Waipn, 9 miles.
RUAKAKA BAY. 10 m from Picton. Queen Charlotte Sound.
RUAKAKA RIVER. River S. of Whangarei Heads.
RUAKAKU. See Marsden Point.
RUAKITURI, Auckland. 98 miles from Napier. Steamer to Gisborne, then coach weekly. Post office. A Native settlement, near the Teringa Falls. Roads between here and Gisborne are very good. It was here that the Maori warrior Te Kooti escaped on August 18, 1868, from the N.Z. troops, though wounded in the foot during the fight on that day. Trout fishing. On the Ruakituri River, whence the name. Telephone with which Dr at Wairou (2S m) connected. Frasertown (28 m) where telegraph office is.
RUAKIWI. Auckland. 87 miles S.W. from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia, thenco 19 miles coach. On Raglan Harbour. Fiehing and shooting. Sheep and dairy farming. Limestone formation. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Waingaro, 6 m. Doctor at Raglan, 8m.
RUAKOHUA. 49 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Onehunga, steamer to Waiuku, thence five miles; or rail to Pukekohe. coach to Waiuku, thence five miles. Name derived from "two pots the Maoris used for cooking." Post office. Doctor at Waiuku (5 m). where t-el. i«.
RUAKURA JUNCTION, Auckland. A railway junction on Frankton Junction-Cambridge railway ; 3 m from Hamilton. Ruakura means "Two feathers " or "Head-dress.' Government experiment farm is situated near here.
RUAKURI CAVES. 2 miles from Waitomo Caves. Ruakuri means " The hole of the wild dog." These caves are wilder and grander and much larger than the Waitomo, and are of yellow sand stone. A party of Kawhia Maoris journeyed to attack the inland tribes, and in their wanderings came upon a large cavern, which gave evidence of being the dwelling-place of wild dogs. While the war party were resting there, the wild dogs returned, attacking and driving off the Maoris. Then they prepared an ambush, and when the dogs were fairly in the ambush the warriors killed them. So the cave was called "The cave of the wild dog," and high above the entrance, in a cleft in the high cliff, may still be seen the tomb of Tane Tenerjiu. the slayer of wild dogs.
RUAMAHUNGA RIVER. Largest river in Wairarapa district. Rises in Tararua Mountains, flows into Wairarapa Lake.
RUANGAREHU. See Maharahara.
RUANUI, Wellington. 174 m N. from Wellington. Rail to Mataroa, then 7 m. Has a post and telephone office. There are plenty of fine trout in the Hautapu River, five miles away. Fair pheasant and good pigeon shooting. "Ruanui" means "Big hole," and is so called from a big hole on station property, which is fill of water and rises and falls according to weather. Altitude is 1900ft above sea level . Sheep-farming district only. Nearest doctor Taihape, 13 miles.
RUAPAKA. Native settlement on a tributary of the Pelorus River, 14 m from Canvastown.
RUAPEHU. This mountain lies to the south of Ngaruhoe and Tongariro. It is a volcanic cone in the solfatara stage, and reaches the height of 9008ft. being in part considerably above the line of perpetual snow. The most remarkable feature of this mountain is the crater-lake on its summit, which is subject to slight and intermittent eruptions, giving rise to vast quantities of steam. Recently—in March, 1895—such an eruption took place, forming a few hot springs on the margin of the hike, and increasing the heat in the lake it=elf. This lake lies at the bottom of a funnel-shaped crater, the steep sides.' of which are. mantled with ice and snow. The water occupies a circular basin about 500ft in diameter, some 300ft below the enclosing peaks, and is quite inaccessible except by ropes. This lake, and the three craters previously mentioned on Tongariro. are all in one straight line, which, if produced, would pass through the boiling springs at Tokaanu on the southern marein of Lake Taupo. the volcanic country north-east of that lake, and White Island, an active volcano in the Bay of Plenty, situated about 27 m from mainland.
RUAPEKAPEKA, Auckland. A farming locality, 128 miles north from Auckland. By steamer to Opua, then rail to Kawakawo, then horse 9 m; in Bay of Islands County; with a post and telephone office. May also be reached by stmr to Whangarei. then rail to Hukert-nui. coach to Towai, then 7 m. Telephone. Was a Maori pa, and here on January 11, 1846, a battle with the Maoris took place which ended the war at that period. An old cannon still here. Templeys Water­fall near. Dr. at Kawa, 9 m.
RUAPUKE. Settlement on West Coast, Raglan.
RUAPUKE ISLAND. A small island in Foveaux Strait, occupied by Maoris in the mutton-birding season. The vessel Eliza­beth Henrietta, sent by the N.S.W. Government for a cargo of flax, was stranded here in 1824; but got off again. Is 14 m S.E. of Bluff or Campbelltown. A Native settlement owned and occupied by half-castes. Frequented by fishermen, and oyster cutters often lie in Caroline Bay. 14 fishing boats in Henrietta Bay. Tons of fish often procurable, chiefly blue cod, which are sent to Bluff. Climate clear and bracing and free from fogs. Is about 4000 acres in extent. Flax-growing, with flaxmill. Post office. Name means—Rua, ''two": puke, "hill"; Ruapuke, two hills, as it is. Doctor at Bluff. 1.4 miles by cutter. Was the home of Tuhawaiki (Bloody Jack). It was on Ruapuke that the first European missionary to the Murihiku Maoris was stationed. The Rev. J. F. H. Wohlers, a German Lutheran, came from Wellington with Mr F. Tuckett in the brig Deborah, and landed on Ruapuke on 17th May. 1844, a solitary European, and he labourer to instil Christianity and cleanly habits into the Maoris and half-castes until his death on the Neck on May 7, 1885. There were over 200 on Ruapuke when he landed, including white men. A rocky bluff connected with the inland by a low neck a few chains wide, is named Pa-rangia-io, meaning " bait for fish" or " fish cut into strips, and baked in an oven," where the principal pa of the ancient Ngati Mamoe was situated, and was Tuhawaiki's island fortress.
RUAPUNA, Canterbury. A farming and sheep-rearing district, 25 milee east from Ashburton. By rail to Ealing, then 12 miles tri-weekly coach: in Ashburton County. A post and telegraph office. Has good level roads for cyclists, but there is no township. "Rua puna" means "Two wells." Called after a farm of that name in tin-district. Doctor at Ashburton, 25 miles by telephone.
RUARANGI, Auckland. 114 miles from Auckland. By steamer (22s 6d return) bi-weekly to Mangapai, thence 10 miles by road. Roads fair. Good shooting—pheasants, ducks, etc. Post office here. Nearest tel. office, Moewhare. 6 in. Doctor at Whangarei, 19 miles.
RUARIMU ROCKS, Bay of Plenty.
RUA ROA. Crcwn settlement 7 miles from Dannevirke by liire. Post office. See Dannevirke.
RUATAHUNA, Auckland. 248 m S.E. from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua. then coach 21 m to Waiotapu. daily in summer; every other day in winter (10s return), then coach to Te Whaiti. 48 m, every Sat. (40s return), then hire 17 m or coach every second Mon. Is on the head waters of the Whakatane River, which is teeming with trout. There is a large Native settlement called Mataatua. Good ivccommodat ion-house, good shooting. Some of the finest scenery in New Zealand to be seen en route to Ruatahnna. Post office.
RUATANGATA, Auckland. 13 miles from Whangarei by rail. In Marsden County; with a post office and telephone station. A farming district only, with volcanic soil. Creamery and sawmill. Dr at Kamo. 9 m. A Government nursery is here.
RUATANGATA EAST, Auckland. 106 miles north from Auck­land. Steamer and rail to Kamo. thence hire 7 m. Poet office. Nearest teleg. and doctor at Kamo, 7 m. Bounded on one side by Wairua River.
RUATANIWHA. 44 miles from Napier. Rail to Waipawa, thence coach (1s). Post and telegraph office. Good trout fishing. Sheep and dairy farming district.
RUATAPU. Westland. 7 in from Hokitika. Hotel, post and telegraph office. Mining.
RUATO. A Native settlement on southern shore of Lake Botriti. Nearest P.O. Rotorua, 17 m.
RUATOKI, Auckland. 165 miles from Thames, or 16 from Whukatane; drive from Tauranga, 90 miles. Dairy-farming and maize-growing. Good pheasant and pigeon shooting. Post and telephone office. Bracing climate. On Whakatane River, a trout stream. Coach from Whakatane meets Rotorua coach (10s), Whakatane to Rotorua (22s 6d), then rail to Auckland. Name means Rua. "a pit. or store" toki proper name—storehouse of toki. Rua-a-toki. Dr at Whakatane.
RUATOU LAKE. Hot Lake district.
RUAWAHIA. Central peak of Mount Tarawera, possessing five-craters.
RUAWAI, Auckland. 80 m N.W. from Auckland. Rail to Hellensville. then 50 m steamer (10s return]. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Farming.
RUAWARO, Auckland. 75 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Huntly, then 10 m (mail trap, bi-weekly). Post office. Nearest doctor and telegraph office Huntly.
RUBERSLAW MOUNT. Peak of Hohonu Range.
RUBY LAKE. Near Teremakan Biver.
RUBY ROCKS. A reef 2 m E. of Kaikoura, where the Ruby schooner was wrecked.
RUGUVILLE. See Taradale.
RUKUHIA, Auckland. A railway siding 90 miles south from Auckland, on the Auckland-Mercer line. Name means "To dive into.' Post office. Nearest telegraph Ohaupa, 4 m: and Hamilton. 5 m.
RUKUMOANA, Wellington. 86 miles from Wanganui. Rail to EItham, thence by weekly coach 15 miles, in an Sasterly direction from Eltham ; on the banks of the Patea River, with a good metal road within three miles. Principally grazing country. About ten miles further on there are some 80.000 acres of bush land opened for selection ; well adapted for sheep grazing, a road going through the block. Known as the Moano Post office having a weekly service, nearest telegraph office Eltham.
RUKUWAI. See Parua.
RUNANGA. Four miles by rail from Greymouth. Coal mining district. Trout fishing in Grey River. Post and telegraph office. Point Elizabeth proposed harbour and Coal Creek waterfalls each 2 m. Name means "A meeting place." Resident doctor. Laid out by Government for State colliery miners.
RUNAWAY. See Cape Runaway.
RUNCIMAN, Auckland. A railway siding 23 miles south from Auckland, or, the Auckland-Mercer line. Post and telegraph office. Named utter Runciman, one of the earliest settlers. Good shooting and fishing. Postal name now changed to Oira.
RUN UNDER POINT. Tory Channel.
RU POINT. On Northern Wairoa River, Tikinui.
RURU. A railway siding 24 m from Greymouth on Grey mouth Otira railway. Once called Sawmill Siding. Nearest post and tele­phone at Moana, 1 m.
RUSSELL (Bay of Islands), Auckland. 147 miles north-west by steamer from Auckland bi-weekly (25s); formerly called Kororareka. Has an excellent harbour, and there is deep water close up to the town-»hip. Was sacked by Hone Heke in 1845 when he cut down the British flae-staff and burnt half the town. Originally a whaling station but now a fishing and fish-curing village, and is the oldest settlement, and was the first seat of Government in New Zealand ; Europeans having settled here as early as 1829. On the opposite shore is Waitangi, the spot where Governor Hobson concluded the celebrated treaty with the Maoris. Here on one .side of river is the British Resident's house, still nfcupied. and on the other side the Treaty Monument marks the site of the Native gathering on that occasion. There is one hotel and two boarding houses here. Good sea fishing and pheasant shooting in neighbour­hood. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Coach runs from Whangarei on Saturdays. Callecl after Earl Russell, the British Prime Minister at the time of settlement of this place. Here Saml. Marsden, the first missionary, visited in 1815, purchased land, and left three mon to carry on missionary work. Dr. at Kawa, 12 m. See also Bay of- Islands.
RUSSELL'S FLAT, Canterbury. 44 miles west by rail from Christehurch (Annat station four miles) ; in Selwyn County ; with a post office, but the nearest telegraph station is at Anriat, four miles sway. An old farming district. Level roads. Fine climate, but no Named after the first settler.
township. Situated on Haw kins River. Doctor at Garfield, 15 miles. First, residence of first N Z.
RUSSELLTON PT. At Opua. Governor.
RUSSO BAY. On Eastern shore of Wellington harbour.
RUTHERGLEN, Westland. Six miles and a-half south from Greymouth by daily coach (fare 2s 6d return) or by train to Paroa (1s 2d return), then walk one and a-half miles; in Grey County; with a 4)Post office; nearest telegraph office Marsden, three miles. A well-known digging locality still producing gold. Named by first settlers after a town in Scotland. Dr. at Greymouth, 6 ½ m.
RUTHES ISLAND. 30 m by weekly steamer from Auckland.
RYAL BUSH, Southland. 10 miles north by rail from Inverrargill: in Southland County; with post and telephone office. Formerly completely bush, but now mostly cleared and occupied as good farming land. Named after early settler. Cheese factory.Nearest doctor at Invercargill, 10 miles.
RYAN LAKE. Small lake at Cobdcn. near Greymouth.