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Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand - Q

QUAIL ISLAND. Otamahua, Quarantine Island, Lyttelton Harbour, Telephone.
QUAIL MT. A peek of Southern Alps.
QUAIL VALLEY. See Foxhill.
QUAKERFIELD. See Owaka.
QUARRY. Locality in Redvale district.
QUARRY HILLS, Southland. 46 miles from Invercargill. Rail to Waimahaka, then coach daily 18 m (4s). In Southland County. An inland farming district. Plenty of shooting and fishing here. Coach from Fortrose daily (fare 4s). Named from a quarry reserve in the district. Post and telph. Doctor at Wyndham. 30 m.
QUARTZ RANGES. See Bainham.
QUEEN CHARLOTTE SOUND. Remarkable for the number of its reaches and inlets and the grandeur of precipitous and forest-clad hills, culminating in Mount Stokes 4,000ft high ; is 40 miles north of Blenheim, in Marlborough County, and may be reached by boat from Picton, which connects with small settlement at head of sound as oppor­tunity offers. Accommodation might be obtained by writing to any of the postmasters of the .settlement. In 1839 the ship Tory, with the first settlers, anchored hero at the end of her voyage before going to Wellington. The sound was visited by Captain Cook on January 30, 1770, and named by him after Queen Charlotte, and he took possession of it in King’s name, when a bottle of wine was drunk to the Queen's health. He erected two post inscribed with the ship's mime, one being placed on the island of Motuara, the Natives promising never to destroy them. On February 6 he sailed out of the bay which was named, from the brutal custom of eating men, Cannibal Bay. In 1773 he again visited the sound.
QUEENSBERRY, Otago. 169 miles north west from Dunedin. Bail to Clyde, then coach daily; in Vincent County ; or may be reached via Queenstown and Arrow. A gold dredging, mining, and farmers' locality; with a post and telephone office and store. Is on the River Clutha: the river abounds in trout, where excellent fishing is obtain­able with rod and line. Dr. at Cromwell.
QUEENSTOWN, Otago. Is one of the most picturesquely placed towns in all Australasia, situated nearly midway up Lake Wakatipu, on a sheltered inland arm of it. It is certain that few towns in the world hold the advantages that this place has for beauty of position and attraction for tourists. It is a borough having a population of about 659, with an annual rateable value of property to the amount of £4803, and an annual municipal income of £1036. It is 196 miles from Dunedin and 110 miles from Invercargill, and is reached by rail from either of these towns as far as Kingston, the south end of Lake Wakatipu, then by steamer (which awaits the train). This town is the chief centre in the South Island for the tourist traffic, and its special feature is the noble lake and mountain scenery it is nestled amidst. The trip by the steamer from Kingston to Queenstown (about 25 miles, done in two hours and a-quarter) forms a most charming means of entrance to the tourist. On his right hand all the way up to Queenstown are the mountainous Remarkables—a range of jagged precipices rising in all their bare and desolate grandeur and loneliness 8,000ft sheer up from the deep blue waters of the lake. Resting, as he should do, at Queenstown for a few days, the visitor being accommodated at any of the excellent hotel or at one of the many good private boarding houses, he has time survey the wondrous position of the town, while provided with good reading room and athenaeum, postal and telegraphic facilities, a weekly newspaper, branch bank, stores, chemist, medical man, and all that is necessary for his comfort.
Of this wonderful lake (the meaning of the name of which—Waka­tipu—is "crooked water") it may be safely said that it is only equalled by Lake Lucerne in Switzerland. The lake is shaped some­what like an elongated S, and is 52 miles long, from one to three miles broad, and 1,070ft above sea level. Its depth is great—from 1,170ft to 1,242ft, is the second lake in depth in New Zealand and the bottom is 200ft below sea level. A phenomenal occurrence in the heaving and falling of the bosom of the lake which is similar to human heart beats in its regular pulsation. This peculiar rise and fall has been ascertained to be Sin in the level of the water, at intervals of five minutes, maintained with perfect regularity, but so gradual as to be imperceptible on the smooth surface. No explanation has ever been offered as to the cause of this phenomenon.
Fifty years ago the site of Queenstown was an unknown land. and just then the position was taken for a sheep station hut of three rooms —the homestead of the late pioneer, Mr Rees. A year or two, however, changed all that, for the discovery of gold and the influx of diggers soon caused a town to spring up, which has now become this famous scenic resort. Queenstown has a remarkably dry, bracing climate, which, with the purity of the atmosphere, makes the place most suitable for invalids; and of late years it has become quite a sanatorium. In winter even, it is an excellent place of residence for invalids, the rainfall being small and the atmosphere is generally calm, with clear bright and warm days and frosty nights.
Very good shooting is obtainable—ducks, quail, and abundance of rabbits. The lake abound:! in trout, and so do most of the smaller streams around. The roads in certain directions are fairly level and good for cycling, and some very good runs may be had in the direction of Frankton and the Shotover, and also along the edge of the lake.
At Queenstown a long stay should be made, for every day the charm of the views increases. Many visitors arrive one day and leave the next, satisfied that they have seen Queenstown and the lake. Never was a greater mistake made, for even after a lengthened stay it will be left with regret. From Queenstown one may make many charming excursions on foot, by hired conveyance, or by steamer.
Very good trips may be made from Queenstown as follows: —To Frankton (four miles), where the hospital is situated and near which the waters of the lake make their only visible outlet into the Kawarau River at the Kawarau Falls. It should be here mentioned that much more water enters the lake than goes out of it by this outlet, and it is conjectured that there must be subterranean outlets. A drive to Arrowtown via the Shotover and Lake Hayes (eight miles) is recommended, or via Crown Terrace, returning to Queenstown by Arthur's Point or Lake Hayes. Lake Hayes is a lovely sheet of water about a mile square, and it is a paradise of fishes and for anglers. Another interesting excursion is to Skippers, a place of gold mining industries in :t mountainous district. The road is wild and wonderful, and it is well worth the journey of the 25 miles or so to view the scenery and traverse this road. A climb up Ben Lomond, just above Queenstown, should not be omitted, although it is six miles from the town before reaching the top. The visitor will be rewarded by obtaining one of the fines'; views on this side of the worlu and without any expense or great labour, as there is an easy track to the top. For this ascent earlv morning is recommended, before tbe heai is great. Horses are obtainable if required for the ascent.
At Queenstown the visitor is scarcely half way up the lake. It becomes him, therefore, to visit the head of the lake, 35 miles further on ; and while the sail to Queenstown may have charmed him, that portion, however wonderful, is not so impressive as the three hours' sail from Queenstown to the head of the lake. The scenery here is very grand, shut in as it is by huge mountains of 8.000ft high, showing the forest line at 3,500ft and the snow line at 7,000ft above sea level. On the left, as the steamer proceeds up, is Mount Nicholas, 4,327ft; further up on the same side of Mount Turnbull, 6,283ft; both black and desolate. Next on the right hand side is Mount Creighton, 6,189ft. As the steamer proceeds it passes three islands, the only ones in the lake ; the first and smallest is One Tree Island, the next Pig Island, and the next (the largest and most beautiful) is Pigeon Island. Rounding Pigeon Island the best scenery of the lake opens out, showing mountains in front and at side, the greatest being Mount Karnslaw. 9,165ft; Mount Alfred, of pyramidal shape, beyond, Cosmos, 8,000ft; and to the left the Humboldt's, 8,100ft, rising right from the lake at Kinloch side. As a stay in Queenstown has been advised, so should a stay at the head of the lake be made for at least a week, either at Kinloch or Glenorchy, the two settlements there on either side of the lake (refer to these places for particulars of them in this work). At these places there is good hotel accommodation at very reasonable rates, and the time may be very well occupied in visiting Diamond Lake, Paradise, Lennox Falls (300ft), Rces River. Mount Earnslaw, Dart River, Lake Harris, and all the wonderful glaciers, waterfalls, etc., that abound close at hand.
The steamers by which the visitor traverses the lake from Kingston to its head are remarkably good and well fitted to promote comfort and enjoyment on this route. On going on board at Kingston tea is served just after starting, and on leaving Queenstown for Head of the Lake breakfast is awaiting the traveller, and not the least of the menu is the splendid Lake Wakatipu salmon trout served in the season. The fares on these steamers between Kingston and Queenstown are 4s saloon and 2s 6d steerage, but the steamer fares to Queenstown are in­cluded in visitors' ticket by rail—which is from Invercargill, retain ticket to Queenstown, including steamer passage, via Winton, 30s first class, 19s 8d second class: via Waimea, 36s 6d and 24s 2d; from Dunedin and back, including steamer passage, 51s 8d first class, 34s 2d second class; from Christchurch and back, including steamer passage, 110s 8d first class, 73s 6d second class. From Queenstown to Head of the Lake the steamer fare is never included in the railway ticket, and it must be paid for on board at Queenstown; the fare is for this : Saloon 5s, return 10s; steerage 3s 3d, return 6s 6d. The steamers to Head of Lake go in summer on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday 8 a.m. ; leaving Head of Lake (returning same days) Monday at 5 p.m., the other two days at 3 p.m.
It is said that when the first settlers came into the district and looked over the lake from what is now known as Queenstown Hill, one said to another, "What a beautiful spot for a town." "Yes, really magnificent; fit for the queen." "That is so ; then Queenstown let it be." Population 698.
QUEEN'S FLAT, Otago. Railway siding 16 miles from Oamaru, on the Oamaru-Ngapara line. Ngapara is the nearest post office, which see. Named after an estate hero owned by the late E. Menlove.
QUINNS FLAT. On East bank of Dart River.