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Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand - P

PAA CREEK. Tributary of Mangaone.
PAA CREEK VILLAGE HOMESTEAD. A special settlement near Tane.
PACKERS POINT. Point in Buller River, near mouth.
PACKER'S POINT, Otago. A few miles beyond Maori Point, which sec.
PACKINGTON, Auckland. Settlers district near Waiuku, and 51 miles from Auckland. Take rail to Pukekohe, then nine miles coach; in Franklin County. Post office, with telegraph office at Waiuku. seven miles off.
PADDOCK HILL (3723ft). Adjoining Te Kinga near Lake Poerua.
PADDY'S ALLEY. Mining. 1 m from Athol.
PAEKAKARIKI, Wellington. Sheep run district, 27 miles north-east by rail from Wellington. In Hutt County. A post, money order, and telephone office. Now a favourite summer and weekend resort, with good sea beach for bathing. A little shooting. Has grown in importance since Manawatu line was acquired by Government.
PAEKARORO. South head of Flea Bay, Banks Peninsula.
PAEMAKO, Auckland. South from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti (126 miles), then 19 miles. Waitomo County. Post and tele­phone office. Small farming settlement near River Mokau (4 m), Mangaotaki River 5m; on Te Kuiti road; has fine gorges and river scenery. Name is that of stream running through here and means "white wood." Nearest doctor at Te Kuiti.
PAENGA, Nelson. Post office. 65 miles N.E. by weekly coach from Westport to Fern Flat, thence horse 15 miles. Nearest telegraph office, Fern Flat.
PAENGAROA, Auckland. 105 miles south-east from Thames. Rail to Rotorua, thence coach Mon., Wed., and Frid. Coaches pass to and from Rotorua and Tauranga, also Matata and Te Puke. Roads good for cycling. Board obtainable, 25s to 30s weekly. Post and telegraph office. Good trout fishing and pheasant and quail shooting. On the Kaituna River (1m). Name means "Long plain." Doctor at Te Puke, 9 m.
PAERATA, Auckland. 28 m S. from Auckland by rail. Farm­ing district. Post office. Nearest telegraph Pukekohe, 3 m, also doctor. Ostrich farm is 1£ miles from station.
PAERAU, Otago. 100 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Waipiata, thence hire 20 miles. Name signifies "Between two ridges." Good trout fishing and wild duck shooting. Post and tele­phone office. Nearest doctor Waipiata, 20 m.
PAERAU. An outstation of Brancepeth.
PAEROA, Auckland. In the Ohinemuri County, on the Ohinemuri River, is 65 miles from Auckland. 21 miles from Thames by rail, and 14 from Waihi by rail. The river running through the town has a very pretty appearance -given to it by the willows fringing its banks. Gas and water supply. There is good shooting—pheasant, duck, etc.. being obtainable. Cycle roads fair right through in: summer. Two banks, several hotels, private boarding from 30s, has a newspaper, and post, telegraph, and money order office. Good agricultural land, and gold mining district. The railway running through Paeroa is the junction of Thames, Auckland, and Waihi rail­way, and head of the River Navigation. Waihou and Ohinemuri Rivers form junction here. Is the centre of large dairying district, the main factory being here with 7 branch factories around. Town well supplied from factory with butter, cheese and milk. Two flax mills, sash factory, and saw mills. Gas supplied to Karangahake (4 ½ m). Fair water supply. Domain and recreation grounds. Has theatre, and golf, tennis, and bowling clubs. Resident doctor; four churches. Healthy district and centre of good agricultural country. When Govt. surveyors were laying out the town, strenuous resistance was made by the Maoris, the survey pegs being torn up and the party fired on.
PAEROHA. Post office and school district in South Canterbury. On Paeroha River.
PAERUA. See Jacksons.
PAHAROA. A lake in Kaihu district.
PAHARU. See Hinakura.
PAHAU RIVER, Near Culverden. The affluent of the Hurunui rising north of Mount Tekoa, named Pahau (a break wind, or the beard).
PAHAUA. Farming district in Wairarapa.
PAHAUA RIVER. Rising in Maungaraki Mountains.
PAHAUTANUI, Wellington. On the northern arm of Porirua Harbour, and the centre of a sheep-farming district; dairying being carried on to some extent. The N.Z. Oyster Culture Company have also lately started operations here; 20 miles from Wellington. Rail to Paremata, then by coach which meets trains, four miles, 6d. A good cycling run from Wellington to here, road skirting Porirua Harbour for some eight miles. Quail shooting near «t hand. One hotel, board by arrange­ment. Post, telephone, and money order office.
PAHI, Auckland. Thriving farming district at the head of the northern arm of the Kaipara Harbour, which is navigable for ships of large size. Is known for its good. fishing and fish curing trade. Is 84 miles north from Auckland. By rail to Helensville. then steamer bi-weekly (Monday and Friday) 45 miles (12s 6d); in Otematea County; and has a post, telegraph, and money order office. Good sea fishing, and boats obtainable at moderate rates. Has one hotel, and boarding is obtainable. Batley is 10 miles off. Pahi is situated on the Pahi River. Nearest doctor Paparoa, 6 miles. Is on the Arahapoua River. Members of the Albertland Non-conformist settle­ment landed on Pahi Beach in 1862.
PAHIA, Southland. Formerly called Dalmore after postmaster, altered June 24, 1907. See Dalmore for description. 40 m north­west from Invercargill by rail; two miles from Orepuki. Post and telephone. Pahia means "to slap."
PAHIATUA, Wellington. Rising borough on Mangatainoka River, 111 miles north-west by rail from Wellington. The county and market town of a large and increasing district, and is the centre of a large dairying industry. There are two dairy factories and seven creameries here. Sawmilling carried on but not extensively.
The Pahiatua district is noted for its fine fishing, and excellent sport can be obtained within very easy distance of the township. The rivers and streams teem with trout, and anglers are certain of obtaining splendid fishing and full creels. Branch banks (two), and daily newspaper. Hotel accommodation 6s 6d per day: private boarding 30s per week. Post, telegraph, telephone exchange, money order, and savings bank office. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Population, 1369. Town is well lit with coal gas, and has an up-to-date high-pressure water supply and drainage scheme. Named from a whistling said by tradition to be heard from a cave in the lime­stone hills where dwelt a Taniwha, or god, hence Pahiatua, "House of the god." Resident Drs. here. Railway 2 m.
PAHIATUA. A hill from which the township takes its name.
PAHIKI ISLAND. At the entrance of Firth of Thames.
PAHUATAUA. A small settlement near Brighton, West Coast.
PA ISLAND. Near Okain's Bay. Site of former Maori pa.
PAIAKA. Settlement 9 m from Foxton: post town. Koputarua. Great earthquake in 1855.
PAIAKA, Auckland. 119 miles north-east from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei (22s 6d return), rail to Hukerenui, thence coach five miles daily. Nearest telegraph office Hukerenui, five miles; in Whangarei County.
PAIHIA, Auckland. 150 m N.W. from Auckland. Steamer to Russell bi-weekly (40s return), then oil launch 3 m (1s 6d). Is on the shores of Russell Bay, near mouth of Waitangi River. Once the head­quarters of the English Church Mission in N.Z. Name means "weeping of the waters." Fine horseshoe falls close by. Darwin, the naturalist, visited here on December 30, 1835. Post and tel. office. PAIKUKU. See Kihi Kihi.
PAITAI. Native burial place near Rangiora.
PAKAERIKI. A bay in the anchorage of Akaroa harbour.
PAKAIARIKI. French bay on which town of Akaroa stands.
PAKAKA FALLS. East of Ruapuke, Aotea, height 280ft.
PAKANAE. A gorge in Hokianga district.
PAKARAE, Auckland. 18 miles north by bi-weekly coach (7s 6d) from Gisborne; in Cook County. Post and telephone office. Is entirely a sheep run district, facing the Pakarae River on north side, and has good sea beach. Splendid summer place for invalids, with hotel, store, and boarding. Post and telephone office.
PAKARAKA. 169 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Opua, rail to Kawakawa, thence bi-weekly coach nine miles (4s). Bay of Islands County. Post and telphone office. Chief industries sheep and dairy farming. The land is generally of a volcanic nature. Nearest doctor Ohaeawai, 5 miles. Name means "a pa in a tree grove." Once the site of the great Pakaraka mission, the homestead and headquarters of the Williams familv in the earlv missionary days.
PAKARATAHI. See Kaitoke.
PAKATOA ISLAND. Late Bells Island, in the Hauraki Gulf, 23 m from Auckland, in the steamer route to Coromandel. Now used as an inebriates reformatory, being known as “Pakatoa Inebriates Reformatory." The steamer calls at the Island direct on Tuesdays and Fridays with mails and passengers. Has about 60 acres of work­ able land, and two large buildings capable of accommodating about 60 people. 1910. This was formerly for men only, hut on Christmas Eve of the men were transferred to Rotoroa Island, and in February, this home was ready as a female reformatory.
The institution is registered by Government under the "Habitual Drunkards' Act, 1906," is under Government supervision, and controlled by the Salvation Army. Post office. Telephone from Auckland to Cowes on opposite side of the passage, and (in any message being re­ceived for the reformatory a flag is hoisted at Cowes; a private launch is then sent across for the message. Resident doctor.
PAKAU. Native settlement near Port Waikato.
PAKAUHOKIO. Maori pa, Ruakaka.
PAKAUNUI STREAM. Flows into Kawhia harbour.
PAKAWAI. See Collingwood.
PAKAWANUI LAKE. On West Coast, Hobson Co.. Auckland.
PAKAWAU, Nelson. Called also Seaford. Sheep-farming dis­trict; in Collingwood County ; on Golden Bay; 72 miles from Nelson. Daily steamer to Collingwood (9s), then horse seven miles. Caldwell’s coal mine here on the road to West Haven. Black swans, pigeons, and kakas plentiful. "Pakawau" means “The abode of shag” (a sea bird). Other coal mine opening. Sea fish abundant, with good boating facilities and excellent climate. Saw mill. Nearest doctor at Collingwood. 7 m. Post and telephone office.
PAKIAKA. See Patoka.
PAKIAKANUI. Beach road between Tekawakawa and Waiapu River.
PAKIHI. See Te Araroa.
PAKIHI. Maori settlement between East Cape and Horowera, Waiapu County.
PAKIHIKURA, Wellington. District of small farms; in Oroua County; 130 miles from Wellington. By rail to Feilding, then coach to Waituna West (16 m), then again 14 m by horse. Name means "a rent in the earth.'' The Pakihikura stream, which rises in the district, runs most of its course between precipitous cliffs, making the water practically inaccessible to stock, hence the name.
PAKIHIROA- Auckland. 100 m N.E. from Oisbome. .Steamer or coach (52 6d) bi-weekly to Waipiro Bay, then steamer (40s) 30 m. Nearest doctor at Waipiro Bay. Post office. Surrounded by snow-clad mountaiins. Roads had.
PAKI-PAKI, Hawke's Bay. 17 miles south by rail from Napier; in Hawke's Bay County. A Maori settlement. Post and telephone.
PAKIRI, Auckland. In Rodney County; 44 miles north from Auckland by steamer Tuesday and Friday (fare. 10s return). Entirely farming and orcharding. Good shooting and fishing. Name mean's "The pah of Kiri," a Maori chief who lived here and owned much of the district. Leigh, 6 m, post and telph. Dr at Warkworth, 16 m.
PAKIRIKIRI. Native settlement near Tearai Bridge, Cook Co.
PAKORARI, Westland. 184 miles south-went from Hokitika. Steamer every two months to Okura, thence five miles. Westland County. Good game shooting. Flaxmill within three miles. Named after a Maori but built at head of lagoon. The material used was flax, and the seed stalks of the flax called korarie. Is on ocean beach 5 m from steamer landing at Ohura and on the road to Haast Pass track, which starts at the mouth of the Haast River, 3 m from here. Dr. At Ross. 160 m. Post and telephone office. Overland mail alternate Sundays.
PAKOTAI, Auckland. The new name for Oruoru, 125 m north from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei (10s), coach to Poroti. 12 m (3s), thence horse, 17 m (7s 6d). Name means "hollow &ea." On river Mangakahia. Roads bad. Fair shooting and fishing. So named to prevent confusing with Oruru. Dr. 30 m. Post office. Nearest tel., Poroti, 17 m. See also Oruoru.
PAKOWAI. See Whakataki..
PAKOWHAI, Hawke's Bay. 10 miles south-west from Napier by coach daily (2s return). Hawke's Bay County. Post and telephone. Golf links 1 m from here. Doctor at Hastings, 5 m.
PAKURANGA, Auckland. Village in Manukau County: two miles on Tamaki River, and 13 miles east from Auckland City by Howick coach, via Panmure daily at 3 p.m.. leaving for Auckland at 8.30 a.m. ; fare, 1s 6d ; return, 2s 6d. Coach to Ellerslie at 7.30 a.m. returning at 10 a.m. Farming and fruit-growing, cider factory. Pheasant and quail shooting. Good cycling roads. No hotel. Post office and tele­phone. Creamery. Dr. at Otahuhu, 8 m.
PAKURANGA CREEK. An estuary of Tamaki.
PAKURATAHI. See Kaitoke.
PALLISER BAY. Situated in the south-east of Wellington Province, and the site of a lighthouse on the Cape. There is a Palliser Bay also in Southland, near Wyndham. Accommodation house on the bay called Lake Ferry, 5 m from Pirinoa, and favourite seaside resort.
PALLISER CAPE. Southern extreme of the North Inland of N.Z. and south-east entrance to Cook's Strait. Lighthouse. Scene of Zuleika disaster, 1897.
PALMER HEAD. Situate south-west extreme of Miramar Peninsula near Wellington.
PALMER'S. See Raumai.
PALMERSTON. One of the annexed Pacific Islands. It 's an atoll with a land area of one square mile, lying to the north-west of Rarotonga, some 273 miles distant. The reef carries a number of small islets which are in the occupation of the descendants of the late William Marsters, an old English sailor. One of these acts as Resident Agent, and he and six other members of the family con­stitute the island council. Population, about 150. The land is being planted, and the spawn of the rear' shell has been introduced into the lagoon. Nearest doctor. Rarotonga.
PALMERSTON, Otago. Prosperous borough 41 miles north by rail (two hours by express) from Dunedin, with a population of 895. In Waihemo County. A mile from the Shag River and the centre of a fine agricultural district, the land of which grows all cereals and roots very well. The industries carried on are flourmills and dairy factory. It is a junction township really, as several roads lead off from it to the coast and to the interior. Palmerston is famed for its climate, and many persons reside here by doctor's recommendation. It is a natural centre into which the good farming districts of Goodwood, Pleasant Valley, Shag Valley, and surrounding districts converge. It is expected that the Government lime being opened up will greatly benefit the farmers in the district generally. A coach starts alternate days for Dunback. Waihemo and Morrison's, and alternate days for Glen Park. Dunback, Macraes, and Moonlight at 10.15 a.m. from post office. There is an excellent level cycling run for 10 miles up the valley, and the main roads are all good. There is good fishing in the Shag River—salmon trout; and rabbit shooting is obtained close at hand. The gorge on the Horse Range is worthy of a visit, by hired conveyance. Private boarding is obtainable at very reasonable rates. Branch railway to lime kilns at Inch Valley, six miles off, where very large lime deposits are in existence. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Named after Lord Palmerston, Prime Minister of England at time of settlement. Resident doctor. At Pleasant Valley (2 m from here) is the Consumption Sanatorium, opened July 30, 1910.
PALMERSTON NORTH, Wellington. An inland borough town 88 miles north-west from Wellington at junction of Wellington, New Plymouth and Napier-Palmerston railways, and one mile from Manawatu River. Sawmilling was formerly the chief industry of this place, but being situated on a fine plain in the middle of a rich farming district, agriculture and grazing are now chief supports of district. Implement works, flourmills, brewery, brick making, engineering, coach building, sash and door factory, dairy factory, boot manufacturing, and kindred trades are all carried on. There are several hotels and good boarding houses. A jockey club, golf, tennis, bowling, and cycling clubs, and other sporting and athletic associations represent the sporting and athletic community. Four banks—N.Z., Aust., Union, and N.S.W; two news­papers—Manawatu Times (morning) and Standard (evening). The town has a population of 10,985, is well lit with gas and has an excellent water supply. There are also a Chamber of Commerce, orchestral society, library, debating club, High, State, and private schools, etc. The roads are exceptionally level and good for cycling. Trout fishing in Manawatu, and fair shooting in neighbourhood. The Manawatu Gorge, three or four miles long, through which the Manawatu River flows, is one of the sights of the place. As Palmerston is the centre of a district chiefly pastoral its suitability as a site for a woollen factory has often been commented upon, but nothing has been done in the matter so far. A similar reference has been made re a jam preserving factory, as the district is rich in fruit-growing. Half holiday is held here on Wednesday. Palmerston, the largest inland town in the North Island, is well laid out, with wide streets. The large square in the centre of the town, well planted with ornamental trees, shrubs, etc., covers an area of over 17 acres, round this square (through which the railway passes) are situated many of the principal hotels. shops, offices, etc.. In 1871 Norwegian families as Government immigrants were settled here; also Danish and Swedish immigrants in same year. Has an Agricultural and Pastoral Association, also Philosophical Society, and a well-appointed observatory and meteorological station. Post, telegraph, and telephone exchange, M. O. and Savings Hank. Local doctors.
Palmerston North was first settled about 1870, there being then about 100 people in the place. The site was in a natural clearing sur­rounded by bush, with apparently no entrance. This clearing was supposed to have been discovered by a man named Hartley, descen­dant of whom are still residents. The Maori name of the clearing was Papaioeo. In 1877 the population Was 1200, and in July of the same year the town was incorporated a borough, a Mr Snelson being the first Mayor. " Square," which occupies over 17 acres, now beautifully laid out in gardens, was originally waste, low-lying ground. The opening up of the Main Trunk line and the diversion of the Napier-Wellington express has done much to increase the importance of the town.
PANGATOTARA, Nelson. 39 miles south-east by steamer or coach from Nelson to Motueka, then 5 m. Waimea County. Nearest telegraph office Motueka, five miles. Name means "A large number of totara trees." Good fruit growing place. Excellent trout fishing in Motueka River. Doctor at Motueka, 5 m.
PANMURE, Auckland. On the west bank of the Tamaki River, nine miles south by daily coach leaving at 3 p.m. (fare Is 6d return) from Auckland City; in Eden County. Farming and potato culture 8 tons to the acre. Tan yards. Good fishing in river. Stud farm. Good cycling roads. Private boarding 15s to 20s per week; two hotels, 20s per week. Two churches (English and Roman Catholic). Famous Tamaki Bridge (600ft) cost £20,000. Post and telephone office. Named after Lord Panmure by first surveyor. Doctor at Otahuhu, 3 m.
PAOMONE. Hill behind Teararoa, Waiapu County.
PAPAAROHA. Native settlement in Cabbage Bay.
PAPAITI. Six miles from Wanganui by mail coach. Flat piece of land, which is the meaning of the name. Plenty of boating and good fishing. Post and phone. Creamery over the ferry on Wanganui River. Doctor at Wanganui, 6 m. Coach from Upokongaro on other side of river. Good roads. Fallow deer 2 m up river, a mob of 300 having been seen and an 18-pointer shot in 1907. Whitebait abundant. Is surrounded by hills and river, and the flat land is about 200 acres.
PAPAKAIO, Otago. 84 miles north by rail from Dunedin and 10 miles from Oamaru ; in Waitaki County. A mining and farming district. Post and teleph; good cycling roads all round. Dr. at Oamaru, 10 m.
PAPAKAMAI. Railway siding 12 m from Hokitika and 3 m from Ross. .
PAPAKURI. A swamp 7 m west of Kamo.
PAPAKURA, Auckland. 19 miles south by rail from Auckland; on Manukau Harbour. Farming, gum digging, sawmilling, sash factory. Two hotels, three stores, and two public halls. Coach daily from here to Clevedon, distance eight miles. The Bentley Falls and Hunua Falls are well worth visiting from here. Nearest doctor at Otahuhu, 12- m. A company has been formed to work the coal deposits at Hunua, 8-m distant, and intend connecting same here with tram. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Population 301.
PAPAKURA, Hawke's Bay. See Pakowhai.
PAPAKURA FLAT. Gumfield between Alfriston and Ardmore S. Huge kauri logs, probably centuries old, have been unearthed here.
PAPAKURA RIVER. Flows into Manukau Harbour.
PAPAMAMU. 7 m from Tirau.
PAPAMOA. 92 miles east from Thames. Rail to Waihi, thence coach via Tauranga, 53 miles (38s return). Noted for its productive soil. Formerly a great Maori fighting place. Splendid pahs to be seen. Nearest doctor Te Puke. 6 m. Post and telephone office.
PAPANUI. A suburb and portion of Greater Christchurch, which see.
PAPAOTUTUWAKA. On Graham's beach in Awhitu district.
PAPARANGI. See Johnstonville.
PAPARATA, Auckland. 33 miles south from Auckland. By rail to Drury, then coach 10 in to Bombay, twice daily (2s 6d). A farmers locality 4 m from Bombay. Mail every Thursday. Shooting close at hand. Named from Papa, a valley, meaning "a valley of ratas." Post office. Nearest telegraph office Bombay, 4 miles. Doctor at Pukekohe, 9 m. Half holiday on Saturday.
PAPARIMU, Auckland. Rail to Hunua. thence by road 5 miles. Manukau County. Name supposed to mean "Land of the red rimu." On Wairoa River, 12 m from Clevedon, where Dr. is. Telephone at Hunua. and telegraph at Papakura, 14 m.
PAPAROA, Auckland. A dairy-farming and gum-digging district with good pasture ; 85 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, the 40 m bi-weekly steamer (Monday and Friday, fare 12s 6d) to Pahi, thence mail cart 5 miles. In Otamatea County. A post, telephone, and money order office. Good pheasant shooting. Name Paparoa means "a long flat." Resident doctor here. Branch bank.
PAPAROA. See Howick.
PAPAROA, Westland. 3 m up the hill from Blackball. Coal mine is at Soldiers, a hill like Denniston for steepness. Over £200,000 has been spent upon the mine and railway. Blackball is the post office, which see.
PAPAROA POINT. On the open sea outside entrance Pelorni Sound.
PAPAROA RANGE. Extensive range of mountainous country near Greymouth, rich in coal and gold. Captain Dumont D'Urville, when he visited N.Z. in 1827, first saw the land at the Paparoa Range On January 10.
PAPAROA RIVER. A branch of the Arapawa River, Auckland.
PAPATANGI. Number of hot springs and steam holes on west slope of Pukeroa Reserve, Rotorua.
PAPATAWA, Hawke's Bay. 92 miles south-west by rail from Napier. In Woodville County. On the borders of Wellington province. A sheep station district four miles from Woodville. "Papatawa" means "Soft rock" on which "tawa" trees grow. Post and tele­phone office. Was formerly called Victoria.
PAPATEA. A sandy bay east of Otiki Point, near Opofciki.
PAPATOETOE, Auckland. Near Tamaki River, four miles from Manukau. Bus between Papatoetoe and Auckland Tuesday and Fri­day, return 2s. Agricultural and dairying. Good sea fishing
—mullet, flounder, and schnapper. A district of extinct volcanoes. Roads fairly good for cycling. In Manukau County. Post, tele­phone, and money order office. No hotels. Papatoetoe contains, about 4500 acres of fertile land owned and occupied by a number of well-to-do settlers scattered over the district. There is no town. The land is cropped chiefly for oaten chaff, wheat, hay, and potatoes; and the production of milk, etc. Is 11 m from Auckland. Name means "Wild grass." Doctor at Otahuhu, 3 ½ m. Orphan home here, the foundation stone being laid by Lord Plunket, then Governor, on Decem­ber 12, 1907.
PAPATONGA LAKE. 3 miles from Levin, which see.
PAPATOTARA, Southland. 54 miles north-west from Invercargill. By rail to Tuatapere, thence 4 miles. In Wallace County. A, small mining and {arming district. Good trout fishing: also pigeon, kaka, and duck shooting. Post and telephone office. Name means "wanting bread"—Papa "wanting," totara "bread." Doctor at Orepuki, 16 miles. The settlement is situated on west side of Waian River, the river being crossed in a punt.
PAPATOWAI, Otago. 91 miles south from Dunedin, at the mouth of the Tahakopa River. Kail to Ratanui, thence 17 miles by private conveyance. There is a boarding house kept by Mrs Scott who will send a trap to Ratanui to meet any one requiring accommodation. A splendid place for a holiday. Good trout fishing in the river, which also affords good facilities for boating. The bush contains beautiful ferns, while the scenery is a noted feature of the place. Pigeon and duck shooting plentiful in season. There is only one store; a school, and sawmill. Roads are fair in summer, Post and telephone office.
PAPAWAI. Maori village 3 m from Greytown North. Here is a handsome memorial to the late chieftain, Tamahau Mahupuku, unveiled before 2000 Natives and as many Europeans, March 30, 1911.
PAPAWHARIKI. Native settlement and fishing station near Gisborne.
PAPONGA, Auckland. Post office and small farming district. 207 m N.E. from Auckland. Steamer to Kohukohu (42s return), then horse 15 m. Hokianga Co. Post and telephone office, Motukaraka.
PAPUKA. See Kaeo.
PAPURANGA. Between Ngahauranga and Petone.
PARA, Marlborough. A railway siding eight miles from Picton, on the Picton-Blenheim line. Koromiko, 2 m nearest post office.
PARADISE, Otago. Not a township, but a wonderful spot at the foot of and surrounded by giant mountains and ranges ; very much visited by tourists in summer. It is about two hours' drive from Glenorchy, the head of Lake Wakatipu. There are no coaches, but light conveyances can be hired cheaply at Glenorchy. There is one private house here which lays itself out for summer visitors, and is usually crowded then. Diamond Lake is close at hand, and horses are obtainable here for visiting the Lennox Falls. The steamer goes to the head of the lake (see Glenorchy) from Queenstown (5s and 3s 3d). Glenorchy distant 12 miles. Nearest) doctor at Frankton, 45 in. Named at settlement Paradise Flat from being the haunt of the Paradise duck. New boarding house, the Arcadia, with ample accommodation. Post and telegraph office.
PARADISE (now known as Mapuna), Auckland, which see.
PARADISE. Valley and stream near Tarukenga. Rotorua.
PARADISE LAKE. In Lake Wanaka, on Pigeon Island.
PARAHAKI. See Whangarei.
PARAHARA. See Collingwood.
PARAITI CREEK. Flows into Raglan Harbour.
PARAKAI, Auckland. 40 m N.W. from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, then 2 m by bus (Is 6d return), where Dr. is. Name means "Root of fern" once plentiful, eaten by Natives, resembling horse's hoof. Europeans altered name to Kaipara. Helensville not springs here. "Bus fare includes bath at these. Waters good for indigestion and for rheumatism.
PARAKAKARIKI POINT, Banks Peninsula. Point of Long Bay
PARAKAKAU, Auckland. 25 miles north from Auckland. By steamer to Wade, then 6 miles by road or rail to Kaukepahapa, then 7 miles. In Waitemata County. Farming locality. Steamer nearly every day, return fare 5s; coach Friday. Post and telegraph office. Local name is Wainui. Doctor at Helensville. 12 m.
PARAKAO. 120 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, coach to Poroti, 12 m (3s), then horse 13 m. Dairy farming and bush felling are the chief industries. Good shooting. Post and telegraph office. Is on Mangakahia River and a rising district. Name means "dried kumara." Doctor at Whangarei, 28 m.
PARAKAWAI. Native settlement on the Otahu River.
PARAKETE. Creek near Port Charles.
PARAMATA. Large block of land near Tolaga Hay, Cook Co.
PARANUI, Auckland. 194 m N. from Auckland. Steamer to Mangonui, then horse 10 m. Post and telegraph. Farming. Nearest doctor, Mangonui.
PARAPARA. Auckland. See Manganui for post office.
PARAPARA. Stream flowing into S. of Kennedy's Bay.
PARAPARA, Wellington. 42 miles from Wanganui, or 34 from Makiriki. Good inland sheep country. Has splendid shooting—pigeons, pheasant, quail, duck, etc.—and beautiful scenery. The Mangawhero River runs through the district on which are the Mangawhero Falls, about 50ft high. These are about three miles from junction of Field's Track and Parapara-Raetihi road, and on the latter. Parapara is a sort of mud used for dyeing flax, hence the name. See Kakatihi, which is post office, Good fishing.
PARAPARA. 5 m from Collingwood, Nelson, which see. Im­mense iron deposits here, and hydraulic sluicing works and hematite works. Name means "mud." Doctor at Collingwood. Telegraph and post office.
PARAPARA STREAM. Tributary of the Makuri River.
PARAPARAUMU, Wellington. 33 miles north by rail from Wellington; in Hutt County. A sheep run, fruit-growing, and farming district, with a post, telephone, and money order office. Name leans "Old Maori oven," or "Cooking place." Lays under shelter of Kapiti Island, therefore climate mild. Two miles from coast. Accli­matisation game farm is here. Dr. at Otaki, 15 m.
PARAROA. Gold-mining settlement near Charleston.
PARARUA. Native settlement near Matakohe.
PARATUTAI. An island in Manukau Harbour.
PARATUTU. The large rock at end of New Plymouth break­water.
PARAWA. A railway siding 66 m N. from Invercargill, "on Invercargill-Kingston line. Post office. Athol, 3 m distant, is the nearest telegraph office. Hotel. On the Mataura River. Nearest doctor Lumsden, 16 m.
PARAWAI. See Thames.
PARAWANUI, Wellington. 48 miles south-east from Wanganui. By rail to Greatford, then coach 10 miles (Is 6d); in Rangitikei County. An old Native district; now has flaxmill and sheep and general farmers. Post office. Telegraph office at Bulls, seven miles distant. Was originally an old Maori settlement, and it was there that the late Sir D. Maclean (in 1850) completed the purchase for the Government of the Rangitikei block. Tile word "Parewamii" means "Fortification of a large body of warriors. The postal name is Parewanui, but the Maori is Parewanui. Was the principal home of the Ngatiapa tribe, and no doubt the name was given the place by one of the ancestors. Several battles took place at Parewanui between Ngatiraukawa and Ngatiapa. Names of some of the battle grounds are Te Hou, Awamati, Takahanga-pounama. Ngaiwitarawa, Paeroa, and Ratani, all in the Parewanui block. The remains of some of the old fighting pahs are still to be seen. Good shooting of native and imported game, while trout fishing is obtainable in the Rangitikei River. Is on Rangitikei River, 10 m from mouth. Dr. at Bulls. 7 m. Sec also Scotts Ferry.
PARAWERA. Native settlement near Kihikihi.
PAREAIHE. See Long Bay.
PAREHERU. An island of bush on rising ground near Rotorua.
PAREKARANGI. Native settlement on Rotorua-Taupo road, 5 m from Rotorua.
PAREKURA BAY. Bay of Islands.
PAREMATA, Wellington. 16 miles by rail from Wellington; in Hutt County. On sea coast three miles from Porirua. A fishing locality. I'ost and telephone ufhYe. Nearest doctor Johnsonville. 11 m. Favourite summer and week-end resort.
PAREMOREMO CREEK. An estuary of Auckland Harbour.
PARENGA Auckland. The most northern settlement in N.Z, 286 m by weekly steamer from Auckland; in Mangonui County. On a sea inlet near the North Cape. Duck, pheasant, and native pigeon shooting. Cape Maria Van Dieman lighthouse 20 miles off. Post and telephone. Name means “River bank." Nearest Dr. at Kaitaia, 60 m.
PARENUI. A hill near Pahiatua.
PAREORA, Canterbury. Eight miles south-west from Timaru; in Levels County. A very old sheep station locality now occupied by numerous farmers and sheep breeders. Has good cycling roads all round. Is situated on both sides of the Pareora River, which is an excellent trout river; duck and hare shooting also available. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Otipua. 2 m. Doctor at Timaru. 8 m.
PAREORA EAST. Seven miles south-west from Timaru. Rail to St. Andrews, thence three miles. Good roads. Accommodation, 16s per week. Nearest telegraph office St. Andrews. 3 m. On Pareora River. Splendid trout fishing. Doctor at Timaru. 7 m. Post, money order, and savings bank offices.

PAREORA LOWER. See St. Andrews.
PAREORA VILLAGE SETTLEMENT. Known also as Springbrook; 10 miles from Timaru and four miles farther on than Pareora. A new farming settlement. See St. Andrews for post office.
PARERA, Otago. A railway siding 19 miles from Wingatui Junction, on the Wingatui Hyde line. Taioma, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. This place was first called Duck Point because of the camping ground for wild ducks. It was afterwards translated to the Maori name of Parera.
PARERO. See Bell Hill.
PAREWANUI. See Parawanui.
PARI STREAM. Tributary of Tiramea River.
PARIHAKA. A famous old Maori settlement and military post in the days of the Native war; known then as Fort Parihaka. 32 miles south from New Plymouth; in Taranaki County. See Oakura. A native disturbance took place here on 25th May, 1879, and on No­vember 5, 1881, the pa was captured by troops under Bryce.
PARIKANAPA. High range of hills, Cook County.
PARINGA, Westland. 139 miles south by steamer or boat from Hokitika every two months ; in Westland County. On the West Coast, and an isolated district of a few sheep runs. Is on the Paringa River and Bay. Grey duck, paradise, and black swan shooting. Mail weekly. Post and telephone office.
PARI PARI, On the Waipa River, Waikato. Means "broken ground." Once the site of a magnificent pa und settlement, with 600 of the finest carved and Maori houses in N.Z.
PARIROA PA, Taranaki. 43 miles N.W. from Wanganui by rail, and 64 from New Plymouth. A Maori settlement. 2 m from Patea, the postal office. Name means "long cliff."
PARITIKONA. A railway siding, 139 miles from Auckland, on Auckland-Taumarunui line. Pee Mangapehi.
PARITU. Block of land and sheep station. Cook Co.
PARIWARO, Taranaki. 80 miles by steamer (irregularly) from New Plymouth, and 24 m from Mokau Heads. Coal mining. Wild cattle, pigs, and native game. Was formerly called "Mary Ville." after the wife of one of the largest landholders. Post office and nearest telephone office Mokau, 24 m. Is 69 m from Waitara, where doctor is.
PARIWHERO. Small Bay in Akaroa harbour.
PARKESTON, Nelson. 87 miles north-west from Nelson. By weekly steamer to Collingwood, then 20 miles: in Collingwood County. A small mining locality on West Haven Inlet. Named after one of die directors (Parkes) of the Taitapu Gold Estate.
PARK HILL, Otago. 110 miles west from Duncdin. By rail to Heriot, then by mail gig daily seven miles. In Tuapeka County. A small district of settlers. Named from Park Hill, Ross-shire, Scot­land, by first owners. Deer shooting on Blue Mountains (seven miles), and trout fishing in Pomahaka (4 m). Nearest tel., Heriot, 7 m.
PARK HILL. See Woodgrove.
PARKHURST, Auckland. 42 in N.W. from Auckland. By rail to Helensville, then four miles; in Waitemata County. On the Kaipara River and a farming locality. Duck, pheasant, and rabbit shooting. Telegraph office at Helensville, 4 m, where doctor is.
PARKIS PEAK. The highest point in the Ruahine Ranges. See Makaretu.
PARK RACECOURSE. 3 m by rail from Gisborne. Sec Makaraka.
PARKVALE, Wellington. 67 miles from Wellington. By rail to Carterton. then 4 miles, In South Wairarapa County. A dairy­ing locality. Named Park Land from its appearance, but owing to a plantation of imported trees was altered to Parkvale. Post and tele­phone office. Doctor at Carterton, 4 rn. bv telephone.
PARKVILLE. See Eketahuna.
PARNASSUS. North Canterbury. Telegraph office.
PARNELL, Auckland. A municipality with a population of over 5700, and a suburb of Auckland City, which see for descriptive., matter.
PAROA, Auckland. See Russell.
PAROA, Westland. Five miles south by rail or coach daily (1s) from Greymouth; in Grey County. An old mining district with small population. Has one hotel and sawmill. For features of locality see Greymouth. Post office. Nearest telegraph at brick yards, 2 m. Name means "new river." Doctor at Greymouth, 5 m.
PAROWA. Railway station Invercargill-Kingston line. Gold mining district.
PARK, Southland. 61 m N.E. from Invercargill. Rail to Fresh-ford (via Riversdale), thence 7 m. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor Riversdale, 10 m. Gold dredging district.
PARUA BAY, Auckland. 86 miles north by steamer Wednesday and Friday (12s 6d) from Auckland : in Whangarei County. A post, telegraph, and money order office. On an arm of Whangarei Harbour, Does a fishing and farming trade, and is 15 miles from Whangarei. So called because of there being a pa on each side of the entrance to the bay, Parua meaning "two pas.'' Favourite watering and picnic place for Aucklanders. Has an hotel and butter factory. Exceptionally healthy climate. Good pheasant shooting; and good prospects of gold and coal being worked in the near future. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Whangarei.
PASS BURN. Creek south bank Greenstone River.
PATANGATA, Hawke's Bay. 43 miles S. from Napier. By rail to Otane, then eight miles coach Monday and Thursday (3s); in Hawke's Bay County. Almost entirely sheep stations. Is on the Tula Tuki River, where there is good trout fishing. The name means "Maori town." or "pa," and was given by the Maoris. Post and telephone office. On western side of river with hotel and store. Fishing and shooting. Doctors at Waipawa, 10 m, by teleph.
PATANUI. A small stream near Homewood.
PATANUI. See Purerua.
PATARA. Railway siding 15 m from Greymouth, on Otira line.
PATAUA, Auckland. 91 m from Auckland by steamer weekly. Nearest post and telegraph office Parua Bay, 5 m. which see.
PATEA, Taranaki. Borough, county town, and port of about 890 population, situated on Patea River about a mile from the mouth; 40 miles west by rail from Wanganui and 66 miles south of New Plymouth, and formerly known at its settlement as Carlyle. Patea is the natural outlet for the produce of a large portion of the rich pastoral and agricultural district lying between New Plymouth and Wanganui, and has the advantage of both water and railway communication with Wellington. There is a bar harbour at mouth of river with a depth of 13ft to 14ft at sprint; tides, and steamers of 80 and 140 tons each trade regularly. The river is navigable for launches for a distance of about 20 miles. The principal industry is canning, freezing, and boiling down meat. There is also fellmongery, brickworks, and butter and cheese factories, flaxmill, and extensive butter grading works. There is some shooting, also fishing near at hand. Within a radius of nine miles the roads are-fairly good for cycling, but rather hilly. Private boarding is easily obtainable, and there are three hotels, three banks, tri-weekly news­paper, post, telegraph, money order, and other Government offices.
Half-holiday held on Wednesday. The town was lighted by elec­tricity on Saturday, April 12, 1902. Meaning of word " Patea"is" A fortification with a clear look out." Proper name Paatea or Pawatea. Was the scene of exciting times in the Maori rebellion, In November, 1867, colonial troops marched from here to Wanganui in one day ; and in the same year the military settlers were disbanded. In 1868 the last war broke out and lasted for about 18 months, during which time many lives were lost, when the Maoris finally retired to West Coast. As stated above the survey name was Carlyle, out altered to Patea by resolution of public meeting of Paten settlers in 1881.
PATEA EAST. See Whenuakura.
PATEAROA, Otago. Mining and agricultural settlement, 100 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Waipiata. then coach—Tuesday Thursday, and Saturday—eight miles ; fare 5s return. Good hare cours­ing and shooting, and wild duck in season : trout in Taieri River four miles away. Good hotel accommodation. Climate dry and healthy. Was formerly known as Sowburn. Trout fishing. Post and telephone.
PATERANGI, Auckland. 100 miles south-west from Auckland. By rail to Ohaupo, then six miles by horse; in Waipa County. A long-settled fanning district entirely, four miles from Nga Roto. (Jot its name from a large Maori pah, the scene of a battle between the Maoris and Europeans. Post and telephone office. Name means "pa nearest heaven." Nearest doctor at Te Awamutu. 8 m.
PATERSON'S INLET, Stewart Island. 4 ½ miles by sea from Half Moon Bay (which see), oil launch meeting weekly steamer (Wednesday; fare 2s 6d single, 3s 6d return) from Bluff. The district has a good trade in oystering, sea fishing, and sawrnilling. The climate is mild and healthy, and strikingly beautiful. Game of various kinds and fish are plentiful, and sea bathing can be indulged in at many sheltered beaches. An ideal place for yachting. Nearest telegraph office Half Moon Bay, 4 ½ m. Named about I860 by old whalers who made this their chief port for water and wood. Nearest doctor at Bluff. Post office.
PATETERE. Bush country on west side of dividing range be­tween Rotorua and Waikato.
PATETONGA, Auckland. 30 m !S.W. from Thames by steam launch (bi-weekly). Post office. Nearest telegraph Karepahi. 12 m. Farming.
PATH MT. (7297ft). A peak of the Jollie Range. Canterbury.
PATOKA, Hawke's Bay. Formerly Pakiaka. 27 miles north­west by coach, Mon., Wed., and Fri. from Napier. Good cycling roads and good boarding (25s per week). Post and telegraph office.
PATONA. Settlement near Parua Bay.
PATTEN'S PASSAGE. Queen Charlotte .Sound.
PATUA. See Parua.
PATUKI. Nelson. Telegraph office.
PATUMAHOE, Auckland. 40 miles south-west from Auckland. By rail to Pukekohe, then daily coach 6 miles (Is. 6d). In Manakau County. 3 m from Manakau Harbour, with hotel. Farming district. Was formerly dense bush, but now a picturesque locality well settled. Good shooting and fishing. "Patumahoe " derives its name from Mahoe "the tree," and Patu "to strike well." During the Maori war the war clubs were made out of the mahoe tree. Post, money, order and telephone, Nearest doctor at Pukekohe, 6 m.
PATUNGA, Auckland. 182 m N.E. from Auckland. Rail to Taumarunui, then river steamer 10 m (8s return), then horse 5 ½ m. Post office. Nearest telegraph and doctor, Taumarunui.
PATUPAIARONE STREAM. A tributary of the Upper Mangatao.
PAT UTAH I, Auckland. 10 miles north-west by daily coach from Gisborne. In Cook County. A sheep-farming and dairying dis­trict, with a hotel and two stores and creamery. Attacked by Te Kooti on December 14, 1£63, when two Europeans were killed. Post, money order, and telephone. Doctor at Gisborne. 10 m.
PAUA BAY. See Akaroa.
PAUL'S CREEK. Stream in Coromandel district.
PAURI RIVER. See Hawkins River.
PAUTUTU. Township, Cook County.
PEACH ISLAND. Centre of Whangaroa Harbour.
PEAKS (THE). See The Peaks.
PEARSON LAKE. 1800ft above sea level, near Craigieburn Station, West Coast road.
PEBBLY HILLS, 1 ½ m south-east of Hedgehope.
PECKSNIFF MOUNT (3896ft). A peak of Paparoa Range.
PEEBLES. 13 miles north by rail from Oamaru. three miles from Waitaki River. Hares and rabbits plentiful. Good cycling roads See also Papakaio. Telephone. Named by early settlers after Peebles in Scotland. Nearest doctor at Oamaru, 13 m.
PEEL CREEK. Tributary Otamiti, 7 m from Mandeville.
PEEL FOREST, Canterbury. A sheep station and farming district 38 miles north from Timaru. By rail to Rangitata, then coach tri-weekly 14 miles (4s). In Geraldine County. Is situated at foot of Mount Peel. A favourite picnic resort, having very good bush scenery. Is on south bank of Rangitata River. Noted for good trout fishing. Coach Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Place named after Sir Robert Peel. Roads good. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Geraldine, 14 m (telephone).
PEEL MOUNT. Hokonui Range, 12 in from Gore.
PEEL MOUNT. Peak in South Canterbury, also holiday resort.
PEEP 0' DAY, Wellington, 126 miles north from Wellington; two miles from the Oroua River, and two and a-half from Kiwitea Stream. Rail to Feilding, then daily coach 28 miles (8s). Good trout fishing in both river and stream. Post and telephone office. Pastoral district only; on main road to Rangiwakia. Altitude 2000ft above sea level. Named by first surveyors from the first peep of light seen after struggling through wet and dark undergrowth. Nearest Dr. 2 m.
PEGASUS BAY, Canterbury. A sandy coast one mile and a-half from Saltwater Creek, which see.
PEGASUS BAY. Splendid harbour on the east coast of Stewart Island.
PEHIAKURA. A Native district near Kohe Kohe.
PEKANGA, Westland. 112 m south from Hokitika. on Cook's River. 5 m from Fox Glacier, and 90 m from Ross, where doctor is. Take coach to Waiho Gorge, then by horse. Name means "Old bird." Post and telephone office.
PEKA PEKA. See Piako.
PELICHET BAY. A railway station on the outskirts of the city for convenience of residents at North Dunedin, on Dunedin-Port Chalmers line. Named by Mr Kettle, surveyor, who dwelt on the north short of the harbour when town was surveyed, after Mr Pelichet, a surveyor, who came from Nelson to assist.
PELORUS BRIDGE. Over Pelorus River, 8 m N. of Canvastown.
PELORUS RIVER. Flows into Havelook Harbour: contains fine trout.
PELORUS SOUND. A picturesque and heavily timbered sound to the north of Marlborough province. Townships in sound are Ketu Bay, Maud Island, Maori Bay, Homewood, and Havelock. Havelock is principal township and is the centre of the important timber trade of the sound. Small steamer plies to various settlements in the sound. There is also regular service from Wellington to Havelock. See Endeavour Inlet and Havelock for townships. Was named Pylorus, after her Majesty Queen Victoria's war brig, which sailed into the sound in 1837. ls an extensive sheet of water, broken by many headlands and peninsulas into bays and sounds.
PEMBERTON, Wellington. 133 miles north-east from Welling­ton. By rail to Feilding, then 34 miles coach (10s) daily: in Kiwitea County. A sheep run and dairy farming district with one hotel. Post and telephone office. Named at public meeting after C. L. Pemberton, who explored and selected this block of land for Wanganui Small Farm Association, and who was the first post master and resident. Nearest doctor at Kimbolton, 16 m.
PEMBROKE, Otago. Situated on Lake Wanaka, and 176 miles north-west from Dunedin and 120 miles from Lawrence. As a scenic resort the Wanaka and Hawea districts in a general sense are unsurpassed within the colony, the weather invariably bright and clear, abundant in sunshine, and capable therefore of showing the scenic wealth under the most favourable conditions. Altitude is 960ft above sea level, with the immediate surroundings increasing up to about 10,000ft. As a health resort calculated to invigorate and give tone to those physically and mentally prostrated the world can furnish nothing superior, the excellence of the wheat, barley, fruit, and flowers clearly testifies to this. Pembroke may be reached by rail via Kingston and coach (20s) via Grown Range ; by rail via Lawrence and coach up the Clutha Valley: and rail via Kurow and coaching via Omaramara and Lindis Valley; and by Otago Central railway via Wedderburn and coach through Central Otago. During the tourist season steamer runs daily. Chief route is via Lawrence Tues­day. Thursday. Saturday (rail fare. 15s 2d first class. 10s 2d second class return; coach fare 50s single, 95s return). There is good deer shooting here spread over 50 miles of country, but deer haunts 12 miles away may be reached by driving (season April and May) ; also usual native game. Excellent trout fishing in Wanaka and Hawea Lakes. Glen Dhu Bay by steamer or coach. Mount Aspiring and the Ice Caves by vehicle (10s to 40s). Maungawera Bay Crescent, and Manukau Islands. Minaret Bay, and Makarora, 7s 6d to 20s by steamer, are places worthy of visitors' attention. Prices given are cost of convey­ance. Roads for cycling southwards and eastwards from Pembroke are very fair. Two hotels, but no private boarding accommodation. Post, telephone, and money order office. A noted feature of Wanaka Lake is Pigeon Island, on top of which is another lake. Matakituki Valley is also well worth visiting. By going overland from the head of Wanaka through bush the West Coast is reached. Dr. here.
PENCARROW. See Eastbourne. Pencarrow Head is a rounded cliff 322ft high on eastern entrance of Port Nicholson, with lighthouse and fixed white light and fog signal gun. Telegraph.
PENDARVES. See Chertsey and Kyle.
PENGUIN ISLAND. Connected with Rabbit Island, south of Slipper Island.
PENINSULA (THE). Opposite Queenstown on Frankton Arm,Lake Wakatipu.
PENRHYN ISLAND, Pacific Islands. Good specimen of the pure atoll. It is merely a ring of coral, about 48 miles in circuit, supporting a number of low islands, from 200 to 300 yards across, and enclosing a lagoon of 90 square miles in area, of which 24 square miles are more or less covered with pearl shell. There are three passages into the lagoon, the principal one having a depth, of "18ft at
low water, and there is sufficient wharf accommodation at Omoka for the small class of vessel that visits the island. The other village at Penrhyn, Te Tautua, is some 10 miles distant. Pearl-shell fishing
is the main industry, a little copra being also exported. Cocoanuts grow abundantly. The population is about 250, mostly natives. Steamer from Nine calls as trade warrants. Named after the ship
Lady Penrhyn, wrecked on this island. Nearest doctor at Rarotonga, 800 m. Mission ship John Williams calls once a year. Post and money order office. Resident agent resides at Omoka. , .
PENROSE, Auckland. A dairy-farming district six miles south by rail from Auckland; in Eden County. A post and telegraph office, and is one mile and a-half from Ellerslie. At the junction on Onehunga railway. Was the site of a camp during the Maori-Waikato war. Maori caves under rocks in Government paddock. Climate dry and healthy for asthma patients. Doctors at Onehunga or Otahuhu. 2 m each.
PENTLAND HILLS. See Waihao Forks.
PEPEPE, Auckland. 92 miles south from Auckland. By rail to Ngaruawahia (where nearest doctor is), then 22 miles by mail cart. In Raglan Co. A few farmers here. Telephone at Waimai, 3 m. Was a church missionary station, and the residence of Mr Ash well.
PEPIN ISLAND. Island near Cable Bay. Is close to main­land, connected by sandy isthmus. The brigantine Delaware. 241 tons, was wrecked on September 4, 1863, on the rocks between Pepin Island and the mainland at high tide. A Maori woman called Julia Martin. w>Hi three men Maoris, by swimming with a line, saved the crew. Julia has since then been called the Grace Darling of New Zealand.; She was the daughter of the tribal chief Emano. Julia died on April 24. 1909, aged 70.
PERAKI. Banks Peninsula
PERCY MOUNT (1550ft). On east coast, north of Castlepoint, Wellington.
PERCY MOUNT (1751ft). In Cheviot district.
PERFORATED POINT. Bay of Islands Harbour.
PERIA, Auckland. On Peria River; 194 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Mangonui, then weekly coach Wednesday, returning Thursdav. 12 miles; fare 2s 6d. Good pheasant and pigeon shooting, and good roads. No hotel; private boarding 20s weekly. Farming and kauri gum chief occupation. Post and telephone office, name from the Scriptural Beria. Nearest Dr. at Mangonui, 12 m.
PERPENDICULAR POINT. Also known as Te Miko. near Brighton, West Coast.
PERRIAMS. See Loburn.
PETANE, Hawke's Bay. Seven mile N.W. by coach twice daily (Is from Napier); on the banks of the. River Esk. A post and tel . Is the township for several station districts, and is on the main coach road, and has one hotel. Is a residential suburb of Napier. and on the route for the seven lakes district. Troops under Colonel Whitmore were in position in the Petane Valley on October 32, 1866, to prevent a Maori raid on Napier, where 12 Maoris were killed. Name means the Scriptural Bethany. Nearest doctor at Napier, 7 m.
PETEKOHUA. A small settlement on West Coast, near Brighton.
PETER MOUNT (3247ft). On Highfield Station, near Waiau.
PETER ISLAND. East of Wellington, head island at Port Abercrombie.
PETONE, Wellington. Oil the north side of Port Nicholson, near mouth of Hutt River, and seven miles by rail from Wellington. A rising borough containing Government workshops, workmens homes, woollen mills, freezing, soap, fur, cork cutting, cordial factory, and wicker and basket woi ks. brewery, sawmills, etc. Has a splendid beach, bi-weekly newspaper, Bank New Zealand, and has a poet, telegraph, and money order and savings bank office. Population, about 610Q. , Is between Ngahauranga and Lower Hutt. The Wellington Woollen Manufacturing Co.'s milk are here, and comprise both worsted and woollen, as well as knitting manufacture. The buildings and plant cost £115,000. and some 500 hands an; employed in the manufacture of tweeds, flannels, blankets, rugs, yarn, etc. Close to Petone are what are known as the Sand Hills, on which are manure works and sausage raising factory. Petone is not a Maori word; the name properly should be Pito-one (the end of the beach). Half holiday Wednesday. Has a library and museum, various clubs, and a recrea­tion ground covering 33 acres. The first settlers landed at Petone, and here was laid off a township by Capt. Smith, of the ship Cuba, this being the site which was to be the town for the Port Nicholson settlement. Was a Native settlement with fortified strongholds. The Maoris here early embraced Christianity and called themselves Mihonari. or missionary people. E. Puni being the name of the chief in 1843.
PHILLIPSTOWN. Suburb of Christchurch
PIAKO, Auckland. 103 miles south-east by rail to Murray's station from Auckland; in Piako County, and two miles from Morrinsville. A station, post office only. There is a Maori settlement at Peka Peka, close by. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Morrinsville. 2 m. Is beside river Piako. in which good trout fishing. Duck shooting.
PIAKO. Navigable river flowing into Hauraki Gulf.
PICTON, Marlborough. At head of Queen Charlotte Sound; 18 miles from Blenheim and 50 'miles from Wellington. Steamers frequently to and from Wellington, Nelson, and West Coast; weekly steam service to Havelock and way settlements in Sounds; rail to Blenheim. Shipping, fishing, malting, and sheep country adjoining. The sound is very beautiful and much visited. Trout fishing in river, and fish abundant in the sound. Shooting—quail and ducks. Roads hilly. Private boarding 20s per week; and good hotels also. Coal was discovered, but has not been worked. Motor launches on hire. Is a borough, and has a bank, and post, telegraph, and money order office also a tri-weekly newspaper. Has Presbyterian, English, Methodist, and Roman Catholic churches. Town lighted with acetylene gas. Half-holiday held Thursday. Visited by the largest-boats coming to New Zealand for grain wool, hemp, and frozen mutton. Extensive freezing works here. Population, 1388. Railway line to Blenheim opened in 1875. When the line is opened to Christchurch Picton will be the terminal port of the South Island railways. Railway to Ward opened 1911. Old Maori name Waitohi.
PIERCY ISLAND. Bay of Islands.
PIG BAY. Pelorus Sound.
PIGEON BAY, Canterbury. 21 miles S.E. by steamer from Lyttelton tri-weekly (6s return); in Akaroa County A post, telegraph, and money order office. Is just round outside Lyttelton Heads to the south and is a dairying, cocksfoot grass seed, and cheese district. Supposed to be so named because of the number of native pigeons that were in the bay when settlers first came. Nearest doctor at Akaroa.
PIGEON BAY PEAK (2123ft). Near Pigeon Bay.
PIGEON BUSH. 42 miles by rail from Wellington, on the Wellington-Woodville line. Featherston is post office, 4 miles. Named from the number of pigeons to be found when the line first went through.
PIGEON ISLAND. Near Lake Wanaka,
PIGEON MOUNTAIN. An eminence near Pakuranga.
PIG ISLAND. In Foveaux Straits, 44 m from Riverton. The name of islands also near Great Barrier Island.
PIGROOT. See Morrison's.
PIG'S SADDLE HILLS. Between Russell's Flat and Whitecliffs, Canterbury.
PIHA See Waikomiti.
PIHAMA, Wellington. A settlers and dairy-farming district with a dairy factory ; 80 miles west from Wanganui. By rail to Hawera. then coach daily 22 miles (7s 6d); in Egmont County. Telephone and money order office. Named after a Maori chief and landowner, " Honi Pihama," who died 1894. Nearest Dr. at Opunake, 6 m. Hotel here.
PIKI KIRUNGA HILLS. Part of the Tasman Range, over which the Takuku road runs. Road rises 3000ft in 10 m.
PIKIPARA. The site of the first German military villages in Taranaki. In 1862 Governor Sir George Grey was offered a stream of German immigrants. He closed with the offer for 1000 souls, and on arrival in New Zealand they were quartered in two villages of 500 each. Pikipara was one of the villages.
PIKIRANGI. Native settlement on east shore of Lake Rotorua.
PILE BAY. Where vessels adjust compasses in Lyttelton harbour.
PILOT'S BAY. In Tauranga harbour. A sandy bight.
PILOT STATION. On south head, Lyttelton harbour.
PINAKI. Maori district near Raglan.
PINE BUSH, Southland. A former bush district cleared and occupied by farmers; 39 miles north-east from Invercargill. By rail to Titiroa, then two miles; in Southland County. Has a post and telegraph office and flaxmills 1 m from Titiroa. Nearest Dr at Wyndham, 14 m.
PINE HURST. See Taueru.
PINE ISLAND, Auckland. A pretty seaside resort, the property of Devonport Ferry Co., 9 miles N.W. by motor launch twice daily (2s single, 2s 6d return) from Auckland. Called also Greenhithe accommodation for visitors; and the island is open to the public, steamers calling at its wharf. Fruit—especially strawberries-plentiful in the season. Pheasant shooting, and good sea fishing from wharf. Named by Boyland, a settler, because island was covered with pine trees.
PINFOLD ROAD. Boundary of Woodville borough.
PINNACLES. Islands near Port Charles.
PINOHEA, Marlborough. 32 miles N.W. from Blenheim. Coach or steamer to Havelock, thence 8 miles; or launch Tues and Fri from Picton. Post, and telegraph office.
PI0PI0. 135 miles south from Auckland to Te Kuiti, thence coach 16 miles. (3ood shooting—principally pheasant, wild ducks. and pigeons. Waitomo South County. Name means "chirps of. a bird." Post, money order, and telegraph office.
PIPINUI STREAM. Tribituary of Makuri River.
PIPIRIKI, Wellington. 59 miles north by steamer (20s return) from Wanganui. In Waitotara County. On the Wanganui Rive: and owes its trade to the traffic on the river, and has a post and telephone office. Once a Native settlement. During the Maori rebellion redoubts were built here by our troops. In 1848 200 military settlers were sent here to occupy this place to save Wanganui from attack by Maoris. Is on the right bank of the river and is surrounded by hills some 2000ft high. Name, means "smail shell." Nearest Dr. at Raetihi, 17 m.
PIPITAWI POINT. On the sea side of the neck, Point Ligar.
PIPITEA POINT. In Wellington harbour. Former site of, a large Maori pa now used for railway purposes.
PIPITI POINT, The site of a lighthouse, about 4 m south of Timaru.
PIPITIWA. A district near Helensville.
PIRAKI. Bay on south of Banks Peninsula. Old whaling station. Firot place on South Island occupied by Europeans.
PIRIAKA. 183 miles south from Auckland. By rail via Taumarunui. West Taupo County. Post office. Mails daily. Store and two accommodation houses. Mill owners employ a large number of hands. Is on Wanganui River. Telephone at Matapuna, 4 m. Trout (rainbow) fishing. Doctor at Taumarunui, 6 m.
PIRINOA. 80 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Featherston, thence 34 miles tri-weekly coach (6s). Telephone and money order office. One store, accommodation house. Name means "Pa on high perpendicular hill." Nearest doctor at Martinborough, 18 in. An hotel, called Lake Ferry Hotel, at Palliser Bay, 5 m. Formerly a, place where people and stock crossed in the olden days, and is on the road from Castle Point to Wellington, and is a seaside resort.
PIRIPIRI, Wellington. 75 m S. from Napier. A sheep district and railway station, with post office ; nearest telegraph station Pohangina, 14 mile distant. On the Pohangina River. Shooting: native pigeons, pheasant, and wild pigs; trout fishing. Nearest doctor at Apiti, 14 m.
PIRIPIRI. A creek near Ahipana.
PIRI PIRI. Lake flowing into Lake Tangonga Mongonui.
PIRIPIRI MT. (2800ft). Peak at back Pt. Underwood.
PIRITAHA. Native settlement Tangihua district, Auckland.
PIRIWAKAPAPA STREAM. Tributary of Waipoua River.
PIRONGIA, Auckland. 108 miles south from Auckland; in Waipa County. Rail to Te Awamutu, then daily coach eight miles (2s 6d) post, telegraph, and money order office. Is an increasing township, the old name of which was Alexandra; in the Waikato district, and is a farming locality. Is situated on the banks of Waipa River, in which there is good trout fishing. Shooting .good. Nearest Dr. at Te Awamutu, 8 m.
PIRONGIA. Mountain and settlement, Warpu River.
PITT ISLAND. The second largest of the Chatham Islands, with an area of 15,330 acres. Sheep grazing chiefly. Mails by sea as opportunity offers. See Chatham Islands.
PLANTATIONS AND NUSERIES. These are Government; and nurseries for the raising of trees. They are:—Rotorua, Roatangata, Eweburn, Tapanui, Hanmer Springs, Kurow, and Star borough Nurseries: and Whakarewarewa, Waiotapu, Puhipuhi, Kainnaroa Plains, Dusky Hill, Conical Hills, Waitahuna, Gimmerburn, Naseby, Hanmer Springs, Dumgree, and Raincliff Plantations.
PLATE ISLAND. Near Motiti Island. Named from its hollow trees in the centre.
PLEASANT CREEK. Large creek, west bank Shotover River, above Maori Point.
PLEASANT MT. (1615ft). Hill at back of Lyttelton.
PLEASANT POINT, Canterbury. 13 miles north-west by rail from Timaru. and one mile from junction of Opihi and Tengawai Rivers. A grain and sheep growing district with very good land. Trout fishing within a mile or two. Excellent cycling roads. Two hotels, post, telegraph, and money order offices, etc. Population, about 750. Resident Dr.
PLEASANT VALLEY, Canterbury. A good agricultural and sheep district long settled, and well described by its name, as it is a well sheltered and well watered valley. Has good cycling roads, but is not a township. It is in Geraldine County, seven miles by road from Orari and four from Geraldine (which is the nearest telephone office); and 88 m south from Christchurch by rail to Orari, then motor to Geraldine, then 4 m. The Hae-Hae-te-moana River (which is well stocked with trout) runs through the valley; sometimes it is very low, but after rain it is in flood generally. Has creamery and fellmongery.
PLEASANT VALEY, Otago. 2 miles from Palmerston. A Consumption Sanatorium was opened here on July 30. 1910. See Palmerston.
PLECKVILLE, Wellington. 100 miles north from Wellington. By i>ail to Eketahuna (which is nearest telegraph office), then four miles, daily coach. In Wairarapa North County. A small district of settlers with a post office. Named after Pleck in England by early settlers. Nearest doctor at Eketahuna. 4 m.
PLIMMERTON, Wellington. 18 miles north by rail from Wellington. In Hutt County. Post and telephone office. Is situated on Porirua Harbour, commanding open view of Cook Strait and Mann Island; watering place; fine sandy beach, shelving gently for hundreds of yards. Has a natural bar half a mile from shore, 4ft water high bides, affording complete safety for bathers from sharks, etc. Good sea fishing ten minutes pull from township— schnapper, blue cod, kawai, and terakihi. There is trout fishing in Pahautanui and Porirua Rivers, five miles distant. There is also good , shooting, Californian quail being in abundance; also rabbits, pheasants, and native pigeon shooting at Pukerau, 4 m. Named after Mr John Plimmer, a promoter of Manawatu railway. Here was arrested by Sir George Grey the famous Maori fighting chief Te Rauparaha during Hutt Maori war. The site of Te Rauparaha where can still be seen here ; also the remains of the original block house occupied by British troops during the Maori war. The structure was of stones set in mortar with brick finishing, and the work was done by the British soldiers. It was destroyed by fire recently. Plimmerton is now a favourite seaside, summer, and week-end resort. Nearest Dr. Johnsonville. 11 m.
PLUNGETT'S CREEK. Flows into Kaituna River.
PLUNKET. The name for the Corriedale estate acquired by Government for close settlement, and which consists of 18 sections. Railway station is still called Corriedale (which see); also sec Windsor, which is the post office. Dr. at Ngapara, 3 m. Named after Lord Plunket, a former Governor of New Zealand.
POANGA. 3 m from Waima.
POERUA, Westland. A railway siding 35 miles from Greymouth. on the Greymouth-Jackson line. Jackson five miles distant. Flaxmill at Poerua settlement, five miles from station. Native game abundant. Called "Poerua" from small lake situated close by. Nearest tel, Rotomana. 4 m
POERUA LAKE. At head of Poerua River.
POERUA RIVER. Drains Lake Poerua into Crooked River.
POHANGINA, Wellington. 107 miles north from Wellington; on the Puhangina River. By rail to Ashhurst, then daily coach eight miles (3s single); in Pohangina Co. The centre of a sheep-farming and dairying district, has a creamery, post, tel. and M.O.O. • Good trout fishing and plenty of shooting. Good boarding. Nearest Dr at Palmerston North, 18 m. County office is here.
POHANGINA RIVER. Rising in Ruahine Ranges.
POHATU STREAM. Tributary of Mangatainoka River.
POHATUPA. See Flea Bay.
POHATUROA. A high rock in the bed of Waikato River at Otiamuri. Once a Native fortress.
POHEHE STREAM. Tributary of Mangatainoka River.
POHOKURA. 60 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Te Wera, thence coach 9 miles. Coach runs through to Tahora Men, Wed, and Friday, returning following days. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Stratford, 33 m.
POHONUI, Wellington. 84 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Hunterville, coach (bi-wkly) to Pukeroa, then 7 m. Post and telephone office. "Pohonui" means "Big haul" (of game), so called by the Maoris on account of plentiful supply of game in olden days, and which is fairly plentiful now. Nearest Dr. at Hunterville (telph). The route from Hunterville to Mataroa through Pohonui by road, passing along the Turakina Valley and River is one of the most picturesque and varied. Tourists, by taking horse, get a little of everything: Waterfalls, and beautiful scenery of a wild nature, and can leave the railway at Hunterville and join again at Mataroa, or return by Wanganui River route. This route from Marton is really 30 in shorter and more beautiful than that taken by the railway. Pohonui post office is exactly half way between Hunterville and Mataroa. At both places good hotels, horses, etc., are available.
POHUENUI, Marlborough. 56 m north from Blenheim by weekly coach to Havelock, then launch 25 miles. Is a penin­sula owned by Harris Bros., and is the Maori name for Richmond Bay, and means "a large creeper," or clematis. Fishing and shooting. Nearest doctor at Havelock, 28 m. Post and telephone office.
POHUI, Hawke's Bay. Sheep station district, post and telephone office; 26 m north-west by coach from Napier Monday and Wednesday at 6.30 a.m. (15s); in Hawke's Bay Co. Name "Pohui'' means "Dull.” Dr at Napier, 26 m. Good trout fishing.
POHUI. A small bay in Rotoehu Lake.
POHUTUROA. Creek in Maraetai district.
POINT CHEVALIER. The continuation of the Great North road, Auckland City, which see.
POINT CURTIS. Near Otamatea River, Kaipara district.
POINT RUSSELL. Former designation of Mercer.
POKAITU. A trout stream on the Rotorua-Taupo road. 10 m from Rotorua.
POKAKA. Hill and trig station near Kerikeri.
POKAKO, Wellington. 212 m N. by rail from Wellington: 10 m from Ohakune. Post office.
POKAPU. Block of land Ruakaka River.
POKAWA. See Te Aute.
POKENO, Auckland. 40 miles south by rail from Auckland; in Manukau County ; with a post, telegraph, and money order office. Pokeno Valley is two miles further on, and both are dairy-farming districts. Name means "Place or refuge."Flaxmills. Good duck shooting. Doctor at Pukekohe, 10 m.
POKENO VALLEY, Auckland. 42 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Pokeno. then two miles ; in Manukau County. Is near Waikato River. Farming. Good duck shooting. Nearest telegraph office Pokeno. 2 m. Doctor at Pukekohe, 9 m.
POKIORE. See Pukiore.
POKOKOMUKA. See Ngapaeruru.
POKORORO, Nelson. 37 miles north-west from Nelson. By rail and coach to Upper Moutere. then coach (tri-wkly) 20 m; in Waimea County. A farming district, and very picturesque. Motueka River teeming with salmon trout, flows through the district. Native game abundant. Is at foot of (10 m) Mount Arthur and Tableland, and is the starting point for the two places mentioned. Famous tourist resort. Good accommodation house. A small tributary of Motueka River close by. Once abounded with grayling, called "Pokororo-tai," hence1 the name. Nearest telegraph Ngatimote. 5 m. Nearest doctor at Motueka, 15 m.
POKORUA. A lake near Kohe Kohe.
POKURU, Auckland. 109 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Te Puhi then 3 ½ m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office. Te Awamutu Farming.
POLEY STREAM. Tributary of Makuri River.
POLHILL GULLY. Site of rifle range and reservoir, 2 m from Wellington.
POLLOK, Auckland. On the sea coast, south of Manukau Harbour; 48 miles south-west from Auckland. Take rail to Onehunga, then steamer 40 in (three hours) daily (fare 6s). Is a settlement of small farmers. Good fishing. Named by the pioneer settlers, who came, from Pollokshaws. a suburb of Glasgow. Nearest telegraph office and Dr. at Waiuku, 16 m. Awhitu is 8 m. Has flaxmill and creamery. Is at mouth of Waiuku River. Steamer also direct from Ottenmiga. tri-weekly.
POLNOON BURN. Creek right-hand branch Shotover River.
POMAHAKA, Otago. 92 mites south by rail from Dunedin; in Clutha County. Coal pits, gold dredging, and sheep-breeding is carried on. On the Pomahaka River, where there is good trout fishing. Post and Telephone. Doctor at Tapanui,6 m.
POMAHAKA DOWNS. See Popotunoa.
POMARE'S PA. On Kawakawa River. Scene of battle.
POMPEY'S PILLAR. Column of rock near Long Bay, Banks Peninsula.
PONANA. 64 m from Gisborne. Coach bi-weekly to Mangaioa '40/- ret.), thence buggy. Post office. Nearest, telegraph office Arero, 10 in. On Waiau River. Natural gas. Name means "Hurry." Nearest doctor at Tolaga Bay. 22 m. Private telephone with Tokomaru Bay.
PONATAHI. See Carterton.
PONGA, Auckland. A small farming district. 23 m S. from Auckland. By rail to Hunua, then five miles; in Manukau County. Native and, imported game ; fishing—eels and trout. Has commanding view of Manukau" Harbour. Mount Rangitoto, etc. So called from Punga trees growing here. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Pukekohe, 14 miles.
PONGAKAWA, Auckland. 115 miles by bi-weekly coach from Thames or by rail to Rotorua, thence coach Mon., Wed., and Friday; in Tamanga County. Is 17 miles from Te Puke, and is purely a sheep and cattle run district. Is four miles from the coast and 16 miles from Maketu, the port; and 36 miles from Tauranga. On the main road from Tauranga to Opotiki, and is sheltered by the back ranges. Rain falls mostly at night, and usually from the east or north­east. Creamery and cheese factory. Road expected across the Waihi swamp, when Maketu will then be only six and a-quarter miles off, The idle Crown lands, when opened for settlement, will be the finest for oranges, lemons, vines, etc. So called after the Pongakawa River, which bounds the settlement on the south east. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Te Puke, 17 miles.
PONGAROA, Wellington. 142 Miles from Wellington, rail to Pahiatua. thence coach, daily summer months; tri-weeklv winter (12 ). 36 miles. Pheasant and pigeon shooting. Roads fair. Name means "Tall fern" Doctor at Weber. 17 miles. Telephone and money order office.
PONGAWA RIVER, Flows into Bay of Plenty, near Maketu.
PONSONBY. A residential suburb of Auckland, which see.
PONUI ISLAND. Favourite resort 20 m from Auckland by steamer.
PONWHAKAROA. See Ohingaiti.
POOLBURN, Otago. 116 miles north-west from Dunedin by rail On stream of same name Is a portion of the bottom of Ida Valley Mail tri-weekly Post and telephone office. Doctor at Ophir, 5 m.
POORKNICHTS. Islands 11 miles off Whangarei coast, with remarkable natural tunnels, large caves, and great bridges in profusion.
POOR MAN'S VALLEY. Stoke 4 m from Nelson.
POPONGA POINT. A promonotory in Manukau Harbour.
POPOTUNOA, Otago. 85 miles south from Dunedin. By rail to Clinton, then 10 miles by coach every Friday, in Clutha County. An old settled farming district and no township. On the Pomahaka River (splendid fishing), close to southern slope of Blue Mountains. Good shooting—fallow deer, wild pigs, rabbits, pigeons, wild ducks, etc. Immense lignite deposits. An alluvial gold mining district. The site once of the Popotunoa sheep station, occupied in the fifties by Mat. Chalmers, brother of an eminent English divine. Nearest telegraph Clydevale, 5 m. Clinton 10 m, where Dr. is. Name means "A stand­ing post," posts being used to denote boundaries; "noa" meaning "common" or not tapu, and was given by Maoris to isolated conical hill here. District was proclaimed December 7. 1861, but name was misspelt Popotuna. Clinton is the post office for this district, and a rural delivery is made weekly (Fridays).
PORANGAHAU, Hawke's Bay. Sheep district, 74 miles south-west from Napier. Rail to Waipukurau, then coach daily 28 miles (10s); in Patangata County; with a post, telegraph, and money order office and hotel. Is on the Porangahau River, and three miles from sea coast. "Porangahau" means "Mad winds," from the prevalence of heavy westerly winds. Many Scandinavians and Germans were settled here in 1872.
PORANUI, Canterbury. 27 miles south-east from Christchurch. Rail to Kaituna. thence two miles. Farming district. Nearest tele­graph office. Ataahua, 1 mile.
PORATE. A portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
PORATEKO, Canterbury. 79 miles west from Christchurch. rail to Valetta (via Ashburton), thence coach, 10 m (3s). Nearest telegraph office, Mayfield, 5 m. Farming district.
POREWA. See Rata.
PORI. 116 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Eketahuna, then coach to Alfredtown daily; then 10 miles by mail cart bi-weekly. Is, five miles from the Tiraumea River, in which there are trout. Named after the small stream Pori, near here. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Pahiatua, 18 miles.
PORIRUA, Wellington. Small inlet and district, 13 miles north by rail from Wellington, on the western coast; in Hutt County ; with post, telegraph, and money order office and one hotel. A sheep and dairy-farming district. The site of 500 acres of land presented in 1848 by the Ngatitoa tribe to Bishop Selwyn as an endowment for a school for Native children. Daily mails.The chief mental hospital for Wellington and district is situated here, with resident doctors. Once the site of the Porirua Pa, close to which was also the house of Thorns, a whaler, who married a sister of the chief, Rauparaha.
PORIRUA HARBOUR. Available for small vessels only; an old whaling station.
PORO-0-TARAO, Auckland. 147 miles south by rail from Auckland. Te Awamutu 46 in. Nearest telegraph at Mangapehi, 3 m. 1128ft above sea level. Noted for good pigeon shooting. Nearest doctor, Te Kuiti, 20 miles.
POROPORO. 154 miles south-east from Thames. Weekly steamer from Auckland to Whakatane (45s return), thence 4 in. Flax-milling is carried on by Natives, and maize is chief agricultural crop. Poroporo means "Cut off"—the place is separated from other Native pas by .a tidal creek on Poroporo River. Post and telephone. Coach from Rotorua (22s 6d) Mon.. Wed., and Friday, and from Whakatane Tues., Thurs., and Sat. Doctor at Whakatane, 4 m. Poroporo is the name of a bush known as " Bullabull."
PORORARI RIVER 6 m S. of Brighton, West Coast.
POROTI, Auckland. 108 miles from Auckland. By steamer to Whangarei, then 12 m coach. In Whangarei County. .Hotel and two stores. Oil elbow of Wairau and Wairoa Rivers. Great Wairoa Fails, three miles from Poroti, described as the Niagara of New Zealand. Near here the two rivers above and the Mangakahia join, and a steamer plys. Post, telephone, and money order office. Name means "Broken cabbage tree." Doctor at Whangarei, 12 m.
POROUTAIWHAIO. A Maori settlement on Foxton-Levin road. Post town, Foxton.
POROWHITA, Canterbury. Small farming settlement with post office. Reached by Methven coach (bi-weekly), from Ashburton.
PORT. See Nelson.
PORT ABERCROMBIE. North of Port Fitzroy, Great Barrier, and 14 m south of Catherine Bay.
PORT ADVENTURE. Harbour east coast Stewart Island Formerly Native settlement.
PORTAGE. Marlborough. On Pelorus Sound. A small settle­ment 6 m by steamer from Picton to Torea (twice daily, faro 2s), and on the narrow neck of land dividing the above sound from Queen Char­lotte Sound. Has a post and telephone. Accommodation, 30s per week or 6s per day. On Kenepuru Sound. Good deep-sea fishing. Launch from Picton to Torea runs twice daily, and cart meets morning boat to convey passengers and baggage to Portage. Launch leaves Picton at 8.45 a.m. and 3.30 p.m., except Thurs, when there is no afternoon boat. Launches can be hired at 25« per day for fishing. Doctor at Picton.
PORT AHURIRI. See Napier, of which it is a part. The old landing place for small steamers at Napier, and formerly called The Spit. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
PORT ALBERT, Auckland. On an inlet of the Kaipara Harbour, 88 m north from Auckland. By rail to Wellsford, thence coach 7 m (Tues., Wed.. Fri.. 3s), in Rodney County; with a telegraph, and money order office. Is a good farming and fruit district. Port Albert is situated on the southern bank of the Oruawharo River. Sea fishing—schnapper, mullet, and flatfish. Shooting—pheasants, wild ducks, and teal. Galled after Prince Albert. Dr at Wellsford.
PORT AWANUI, Auckland. 87 miles north by steamer weekly from Gisborne, on East Coast. Two hotels, two stores, sheep-farming. Most of the land in this—the Waiapu—County still belongs to the Maoris (some 800,000 acres), although a considerable portion has been leased of late years to Europeans for agricultural and pastoral purposes. Post, money order, telephone, and savings bank office here. Good road along mail route overland. It is the best port for shipping on this part of the coast; with an abundant supply of grass seed and other produce. Shooting— pheasants, quail, pigeons, kakas. Name means a "Bight," or channel. Doctor at Waipiro Bay, 18 m.
PORT CHALMERS, Otago. Named at the settlement of Otago province after Dr Chalmers, the noted minister and leader of the Free Church of Scotland at Edinburgh. The first white boy born here, on June 13, 1846, was named Jack Crow. It was at first intended to call it New Perth. Survey was completed by Mr Kettle in May, 1846. Most of the streets were named after the first immigrant vessels—Wickliffe, Lady Agnes, Victory, etc. Then Currie street, after home resident interested in scheme; Burns street, after Dr Burns; George and Grey streets after Sir George Grey; Harrington street, after the secretary of the N.Z. Co. The first settlers were two families from Nelson—the Andersons and M'Kays. The M'Kays stayed at Koputai, as it was then known, and opened a public-house called The Surveyor's Arms, on the site of the present Port Chalmers Hotel. The Andersons came to the bay at the head of harbour, which is now known as Anderson's Bay. Is the deep water port for Dunedin, on Otago Harbour, where the large ocean cargo steamers lie alongside railway wharves. It is a municipality in Waikouaiti County, eight miles from Dunedin by railway and about eight miles from the ocean or Heads of the harbour; 190 miles from Lyttelton on the north, and 132 miles from the Bluff on the south, with post, telegraph, and money order office. There are here two graving docks (controlled by the Otago Harbour Board). The dimen­sions of the old dock are: Length, 328ft; width above, 68ft; width below, 41ft; width at gates. 50ft: depth at sill, spring tides 21ft, ordinary 19 ½ ft, neap, 17 ½ ft. The cost of this dock was £50,000. The new dock was completed and opened on the 30th June, 1909, and the following are the dimensions : Length forward 560ft, entrance 70ft, width inside 90ft, and depth 30ft, depth at sill (spring tide) 25ft. The cost was about £75,000. The name of the new dock is "Otago Dock." Under the control of the Board there is a workshop with forge and seven-ton steam hammer, also sheer-legs capable of lifting 80 tons. There are also freezing works under control of the Harbour Board.
Port Chalmers is a borough with a population of 2700, having an annual municipal revenue of £5000, is lit with gas, has upper and lower railway stations, and is the headquarters of the steamers of the Union S.S. Company, the works in connection with which are the chief support of the town. There is a good Presbyterian Church building on the hill. and there are also churches of Anglican. Congregational. Wesleyan, Roman Catholic, and a barracks of the Salvation Army; there is also a good District High School and library. Intercolonial steamers make this port their starting point for all New Zealand ports and for Melbourne and Sydney, and there is almost constant com­munication by this means. It is visited by all the regular ocean-going steamers for cargoes of frozen meat, wool, and produce, and the facilities it possesses enable these to have rapid despatch. There is a level road round the northern side of the harbour which is suitable for cyclists in summer. There are five hotels, and private boarding is obtainable. There are four fish-curing works, employing a number of boats for the fishing, and a. good trade is carried on in sea fishing. There are two roads connecting the Port with Dunedin—an upper and a lower,—but the former is too hilly and the latter too broken for cyclists.
On the lower Port road leading down to the Heads, northern side of entrance, is Mansford Town, a small fishing village about half a mile from the town, while further on is the torpedo station, situated in pretty little bay, named Deborah Bay. The road down to here, and beyond, is quite level and suitable for cycling, but further on it gets sandy. It is. however, a good driving road all the way to the Heads.
Koputai was the Maori name of this place, and in 1844 was a little forest of white pine, the wood swarming with pigeons. Here at the first settlement was the Custom House and the only post office for Otago. The first steamer to visit the place was H.M.S. Acheron, m 1849.
PORT CHARLES, Auckland. 67 miles north east by steamer from Auckland and 25 miles by horse from Coromandel; in Coromandel County. Is on the north-east inlet of Cape Colville land, and has a few settlers, with a post office. From here is the shortest way to top of Moehau Peak, about 3000ft, four hours' climb: splendid view in fine weather, from Bay of Plenty in the south to Poor Knights in the north. Said to be named after a British naval sailor buried here. Wild pig and wild goat limiting. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Coromandel. 25 m. Steamer calls several times weekly. A well sheltered harbour.
PORT COOPER. Is the old name for Lyttelton Harbour and bay, and famous under that name for its cheese. All Canterbury cheese still bear this name in the Australian markets and brings the highest price. Named after a Sydney trader who visited here in the very early days. See Port Levy for details.
PORTER'S PASS Canterbury. A mountainous district and route to the West Coast, discovered by one named Porter; 50 miles west from Christchurch. Rail to Springfield, then 9 in ; in Selwyn County. Has sheep stations, but few settlers. The Pass is said to have the highest telegraph pole in New Zealand, which is carved with people's names from top to bottom. Is on River Kowai. Trout fishing, hares, and wild pigs plentiful. Nearest- telegraph and post office Springfield. 9 m Nearest doctor at Darfield. 24 m.
PORTER RIVER. Tributary of Waimakiriri near Castle Hill, VvVst- Coast load.
PORT FITZROY, Auckland. Sheep-fanning and kauri gum settlement on Great Barrier Island: 60 miles north-east from Auckland. Post and telegraph office. Steamer leaves Auckland Wednesday evening, arriving on Thursday morning, leaving and return same day. Good boating, and is unsurpassed for fishing and scenery. A popular resort for Aucklander’s. Board can be arranged with settlers. Indented by numerous bays and arms, this is one of the most picturesque of harbours, and the steep hills, with Mount Hobson rising to 2,000ft from the shore, make a charming picture. As the steamer remains here several hours some excellent fishing maybe had, as the harbour is the best of fishing grounds. See also Okiwi. from which Fitzroy is 5 m distant. Named after Governor Fitzroy, the narrow or southern entrance being named Governor's Pass. Dr. at Whangapara, 12 m.
PORT HARDY. Large harbour north end D'Urville Island. Here in January, T840, a Scotch whaler named Maclaren lived with the Maoris.
PORT HILLS. Hills surrounding Lyttelton Harbour.
PORT JACKSON. An inlet of Coromandel Peninsula.
PORTLAND ISLAND. North of Napier, with lighthouse-connected by telephone with Napier.
PORT LEVY, Canterbury. Ten miles south-east by steam launch (3s) Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday from Lyttelton; in Mount Herbert district. Is a dairy-farming and sheep district near Lyttelton Heads ; 10 miles from Pigeon Bay. Port Levy is situated in a bay. Hare shooting close to wharf. Good fishing in bay. Post and tele­phone. Two Sydney traders in the earliest days visiting this bay were named Levy and Cooper, and Levy's name was given by them for this place, and the other for Port Cooper. Doctor at Lyttelton, 10 m. Mt. Herbert County. Council office here.
PORT LIGAR. Fine harbour, the outer portion of which is Kopi (closed). See Ketu Bay.
PORT MOERAKI. See Hillgrove.
PORT MOLYNEUX, Otago. A much-sought-after summer re­sort, 64 miles south from Dunedin, with, a splendid beach extending for about five miles from the mouth of the Clutha River to the Nuggets lighthouse. It is reached by train to Romahapa, then three miles to post office, but about five miles on to the beach, where the boarding houses and township are situated. Arrangements have to be made with the boardinghouse-keepers for visitors to these establishments being driven from Romahapa station. The post office is what is really called Port Molyneux, and there is a telephone here. There is "Wiltshire Bay, and houses let for summer are situated in Long Bay, which is about two miles from the Port Molyneux post office, but Kaka Point, which is the post office for residents at Long Bay and Wiltshire Bay, also has a telephone. Good deep sea fishing is to be had, and in the streams is good trout fishing. Pigeon and rabbit shooting is plentiful. The bush scenery and the undergrowth of ferns, etc., is exceedingly pretty. A very good day can be passed in visiting the Nuggets lighthouse, where both the lighthouse keeper and,, his assistant are very obliging and hospitable. Boarding houses are also situated close to the Nuggets. Another pleasant spot is Roaring Bay, which is well worth a visit. Fishing is principal industry. Is in Clutha County, has no roads for cyclists, and there is no licensed hotel; but private boarding is obtainable cheaply. Willshire Bay-is recognised us the watering-place of South Otago, having a recreation. reserve where sports are held annually on New Year's Day, thousands of people from all parts of the country congregating here then. The Karoro Creek runs close by the reserve. Post and telephone office.
PORT MURTON. See Burnett's Face.
PORT NICHOLSON. The port for Wellington City, and the beat harbour in the colony owing to its sheltered position, depth of water, and berthage accommodation. The eastern entrance ib formed by high land, with Mount Cameron (827ft) the summit of the range. On western side is Beacon Hill (440ft), on which is signal station. Mount Crawford (530ft) being its northern end.
A veteran whaler named Thorns, who married a sister of the chief Rauparaha, and who was residing at Te'-Awa-iti in 1840, declared he was the first European to discover and enter here, about 1827. Was named by the captain of a Sydney trader after the then harbour master of Sydney.
PORTOBELLO, Otago. 13 miles by daily coach (Is) from Dunedin, or ferry from Port Chalmers, or direct steamer from Dunedin; in Peninsula County, with a post, telephone, and money order office and hotel. Is a summer resort for Dunedin residents, being warm and well sheltered from cold winds. The settlers are engaged in dairy farming. There are two roads to it—a high road and lower— the latter being very suitable for cyclists as it is perfectly level and winds round the bays of the harbour. Hooper's Inlet (two miles) is over a neck of land on the ocean side. Named after Portobello near Edinburgh. Scotland, by Christie, a Scotchman, who came here from Sydney in 1850. Doctor at Port Chalmers, by telephone.
PORT PEGASUS, Stewart Island. Was Piki-ati (a plume). Good waterfall in Pegasus Inlet, not far from shore. Rex Hill tin mine is in district. Tin was discovered there in 1888. Port Pegasus was named by Captain S. Chase, of the ship Pegasus, who discovered (lie harbour on August 7. 1809. Nearest post office. Paterson's Inlet, which see.
PORT ROBIN. 15 in from Port Underwood. A scattered township, no roads, only a bridle track.
PORT ROBINSON, Canterbury. Cheviot settlement district. 60 miles north by steamer from Lyttelton (10s, 15s); a coach runs daily from Cheviot; in Ashley County. Gore Bay, Port Robinson, has splen­did sea bathing; the scenery around is also most attractive and in great favour with artists. Good trout fishing two miles distant. Called after the late Hon. W. Robinson, who owned Cheviot Hills estate. Post and telephone. Doctor at Cheviot, 7 miles.
PORT ROSS. In Auckland Islands, near Enderby Wand.
PORT RUSSELL. See Russell.
PORT TRYPHENA. Southern harbour of Great Barrier Island, see Tryphena.
PORT UNDERWOOD, Marlborough. 15 miles by horse from Picton. By bridle track only, in Sounds County. On the east coast of the Picton neck of land, and is settled by sheep farmers entirely. One of the finest harbours in New Zealand, and is quite a harbour of refuge for windbound vessels going south. Plenty of oysters. Nearest telegraph at Hakahaka Bay, ½ mile. Is known also as Oyster Bay. Doctor at Picton, 15 m.
PORT VICTORIA. See Teddington.
PORT WAIKATO, Auckland. An old Native settlement, and formerly a Maori mission station; on Waikato River (west coast) ; 60 miles south from Auckland. By rail to Mercer, then by steam launch (as arranged) 30 miles. Three cottages for visitors during summer season. No other boarding. Good shooting. Salubrious climate for invalids, with sea bathing ; and the grandeur of the scenery is celebrated. Known formerly by the Maori name of Putataka. Nearest telegraph office Waiuku, 16 in. Original name was Waikatoa, which means " All water." .Doctor at Waiuku, 16 m. Good fishing.
PORT WILLIAM. See Halfmoon Bay.
POST OFFICE CREEK. Is a small gold mining locality, 7 m from Lee Stream. The old mail track in the early days.
POTAKA. See Mangaweka.
POTIKITAUKI. Native burying ground, Kaiataia.
POTTS RIVER. Tributary of the Rangitata River, Canterbury.
POUAWA, Auckland. 12 miles north-east from Gisborne by coach to Pouawa Junction, 4 m from village. In Cook County. Nearest telegraph Tatapouri, 5 m.
POUERUA. Extinct volcano near Ohaewai.
POUKAWA, Hawke's Bay. Railway siding 23 miles south from Napier, on Napier-Wellington line. Te Aute, four miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
POUKIORE. See Pukiore.
POULAO BAY. Or Rhodes Bay, in Lyttelton Harbour.
POUNAWEA, Otago. 75 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Owaka, then, hire 3 miles. Formerly called Moka Moka. Is at the junctions of the Rivers Catlins and Owaka. Two and a-half miles from Owaka railway, amid bush, mountain, and water scenery which makes it famous throughout Otago. Is one and a-half miles from the ocean or Catlins Bay. three miles from the celebrated "Blowhole," which is a great chasm in the hill 11 chains from the ocean face, 165ft deep, and half an acre wide, the sea churning at the bottom. Both the Catlins and Owaka are navigable for vessels drawing 8ft, the Owaka for two and a-half miles, the Catlins for three and a-half miles from the mouth. The Catlins is really an inlet of the sea; rowboats can go up the Catlins from this township for eight miles; all bush. Good boating, bathing, botanising, and fishing can be had on the spot. Ferns beautiful and abundant. A good road from Owaka through the bush along the banks of the Owaka River. Five sawmills and three dairy factories west from Owaka. " Pounawea" is the Maori name for Catlins River. Nearest doctor Owaka, 3 miles. Post and telephone office.
POURAKINO. On Riverton-Orepuki line, 2 m from Riverton.
POURERE. (See Kaikora North.) Scene of a skirmish with Maoris under Te Kooti on October 3, 1869. when 37 rebels and one European were killed.
POURERE. A property of 2210 acres acquired by Government and opened for selection for closer settlement on January 22, 1908. Waipawa is the post office.
POUTAIKI. Locality near outlet Lake Forsyth, Banks Peninsula.
POUTAKARO. North head of Waikerikikeri, Banks Peninsula.
POUTO, Auckland. Is at the entrance of Kaipara Harbour; 68 miles north from Auckland. By rail to Helensville, then by steamer {Monday and Thursday) 30 miles (5s); in Hobson County. Known also as Kaipara Heads. Has it post and telephone office and lighthouse. A hard sandy beach extends from heads to spit, a distance of 10 miles, and from thence a continuance to Manganui Bluff, a distance of 45 mil/eV Two lakes, nearly conjoined, at a distance of a mile from the heads, are interesting. Huma-huma, a coasiderably sized lake, four miles off. con­taining an island 15 acres in extent, stocked with peach trees, is pic­turesque. Black swans and ducks- frequent these lakes. Eight miles from heads westwards towards the ocean beach, there are .several semi-lakes, or more properly lagoons, teeming with large flocks of ducks and swans—one communicating with the sea contains immense shoals of mullet, which can be caught with nets. On the bar, in the estuary-separating north and south heads or in any part of the harbour, schnapper and other species of fish, and on any part of the beach mullet can be caught with nets and lines in abundance. On the sandy plains and swamps large herds of wild cattle and troops of wild horses roam. There are no accommodation houses at 1'outo; tourists must live in tents. "Pouto" means "Cut off short," and probably refers to the action of the strong tides, which have rut the sand away to the hare rock. Dr. at Te Kopuru, 30 m.
POUTU. Maori pa near Fox ton.
POUTUTU, Auckland. 29 miles west by hire from Gisborne; in Waikohu County. A sheep run district. On the Waitohu River. Good road. and accommodation house, and frequented by Gisborne visitors. Nearest doctor To Kanaka. 9 miles. Post office; but nearest telegraph office Waikohu. 3 miles.
POVERTY BAY. A small bay, the port of which is Gisborne. The bay was so named by Captain Cook because here he could get no supplies from the Natives. It is, however, a misleading name, as the district is rich and fertile. Captain Cook's first landing place in N.Z. was here (October 8. 1769|. and a monument, which cost £1000. marks this historical event. In November, 1868. from the 10th to the 14th, a great massacre of settlers by the Maoris under Te Kooti took place, when 33 Europeans were killed. Te Kooti having landed here on July 10 previously. The south-west point of the bay is still called Young Nicks Head (582ft) after Captain Cook's cabin boy. Nicholas Young, who first saw this projection on October 7, 1769. The northern termination of the bay is named Tuahina Point. (400ft). From this point to Young Nick's Head the bay makes a sweep of about 25 in. the outer border of the district being known as the Poverty Bay Flats, of which Gisborne is the chief town. Here, in the old Maori days. 200 defeated Maoris were on one occasion killed and eaten. This was before the advent of missionaries.
POVERTY FLAT. See Wanganui.
POWELLTOWN. Suburb south of Invercargill.
PREBBLETON, Canterbury. Splendid agricultural district on the Plains of Canterbury, nine miles by rail from Christchurch or by Lincoln coach daily. The land is capable of growing any kinds of roots or cereals, while for sheep or cattle rearing it is unequalled. The roads are excellent for cyclists, while there is a licensed hotel, and private board may be had. There are two stores, and post and telephone office; and it is in Selwyn County. Has fair sport in hare shooting. Called after an early settler named Prebble.
PRECIPICE CREEK. Creek in Bees Valley
PREECES POINT. A point in Coromandel district.
PROGRESS JUNCTION, Nelson. 53 miles north-east from Greymouth. Rail to Reefton, then coach five miles; a mountainous country. Post office and telephone.
PROMISED LAND, near Karamea.
PROSPECTORS CREEK. Stream on Mahikapawa goldfield.
PUAHA, Canterbury. 40 m S.W. from Christchurch. Rail to Little River, then 4 m. Post and telegraph office. Farming.
PUAHOU. Tributary of the Okiri, Banks Peninsula.
PUAITAHA. See Saddle Hill.
PUAPUA. See Puaha.
PUARI. Locality near Port Levy, Banks Peninsula.
PUATAI. Bay between Pakarae and Tolaga Bay, Cook County.
PUDDING HILL STREAM. Tributary of North Ashburton River.
PUERATA. 28 m south-west from Auckland, by rail; daily mails. Nearest tel Pukekohe, 3 m, where is Dr. No stores or hotel. Farming.
PUERUA, Otago. The centre of a large district; 62 miles from Dunedin. By rail to Romahapa (changing at Balclutha to Catlins River train), then three miles by good road; seven miles also from Kakapuaka railway station. The land surrounding is both agricultural and pastoral, and well adapted to grain and turnip growing, and for dairying. The average yield of grain is 35 bushels to the acre, while percentage of lambing is about 80. There is a store, creamery, and post, telephone, and money order office; and is in the Clutha County. There is good trout fishing in the Puerua Stream, and the cycling roads are fairly good; but no hotel or boarding.
PUHA. A railway station on the Gisborne-Waikohu line. Post and telephone office. Coach runs from here to Whatatutu on arrival of train.
PUHI-PUHI, Auckland. 124 miles north by steamer weekly via Whangarei; in Bay of Islands County. A small district of settlers eight miles from Whakapara. Here is the largest kauri forest in the colony, with mountainous scenery very fine; and is a silver field which may be yet profitably worked. Good pheasant and pigeon shooting. Government are replanting extensively. Antimony, cinnibar, and manganese works. On Wairiki River. Nearest Dr. at Hikurangi, 10 m. Nearest telegraph Whakapara, 12 m. About 14.000 acres now being cut up for closer settlement. A Government plantation is here.
PUHIPUHI. Valley commencing 10 m to north-west Kaikoura.
PUHIRUA. Abandoned Native settlement on N.W. shore of Rotorua Lake.
PUHOI, Auckland. On Puhoi River; 35 miles north from Auck­land City. Coach from Devonport to Warkworth passes every week on Fri. at 2.30 p.m. (8s); or go by weekly steamer from Auckland (5s). Fair shooting—pheasants and quail—and good fishing. Roads fair. Private boarding 20s per week; near Mahurangi or Te Kapu summer resort. Puhoi is a German settlement of about 600 inhabitants ; nearest township is Waiwera, four miles. Wine industry at Warkworth—well known ; population of Puhoi, Wade, and Waiwera chiefly small farmers. Mahurangi and Warkworth produce all kinds of fruit and of excellent quality. 1'rivute hotel, 20s per week. Named from tin' river tides, "Puhoi " being Maori for "slow." Telephone and money order office. Nearest Dr. at Warkworth, 12 m. About 1852 Government immigrants from Bohemia were settled here.
PUKAHAU. Settlement between Umawera and Maungamuka.
PUKAHU. 15 miles from Napier. Rail to Hastings, thence three miles. Good sheep and dairy farming settlement. Paki Paki Freezing Works three miles away. Roads good. Nearest telegraph office Havelock, 2 m. Has a post office. Name means "Shot a hawk." Nearest doctor at Hastings. 4 m.
PUKAHU. A tributary of the Mangamuka.
PUKAKA VALLEY. "Valley in Hills at Tuamarina, 8 m from Blenheim.
PUKAKI. See Mangere.
PUKAKI, Otago. See Kurow.
PUKANUI, Auckland. Railway siding 42 miles from Auckland, on the Auckland-Kaipara line. Kaukapakapa, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Name means " Big belly.'
PUKAPUKA. See Danger.
PUKEAMAN. Range of hills, Waiapu County.
PUKEARO. A district in Awihitu.
PUKEARUHE, Southland. See Harringtons.
PUKEARUHE, Taranaki. On the coast; 31 miles north by rail and coach from New Plymouth; in Clifton County ; and 20 miles from Waitara. A sheep run district. Rail to Waitara, then coach nine miles to Urenui, then 12 m by road. Name means "fern-root hill." Situated between Mimi and Tongaporutu Rivers. Noted as the scene of the Whitecliff murders by the Natives, Rev. John Whiteley and others being massacred on February 29, 1869. Splendid fishing. Urenui. 9 m. nearest tel. and doctor.
PUKEATUA, Auckland. 22 miles from Auckland. Coach or steamer to Wade, thence coach eight miles. An inland district. Timber, gum, and cattle. Pheasants, quail, and other native game. Now known as Nanahn, which see.
PUKEATUA. Highest peak in Tory Channel, and nearest to North Island.
PUKEAWA, Otago. 69 miles S.W. from Dunedin. Rail to Balclutha, thence 3 miles. Post and telegraph office.
PUKEAWEKA, Otago. 9 miles from Balclutha. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Balclutha.
PUKEHIKI, Otago. Nine miles north-east from Dunedin. By tri-weekly coach. Post office. Nearest telegraph Highcliffe, 3 m. Name means "sand hills." Nearest doctor at Port Chalmers. 6 m.
PUKEHINAU, Wellington. 155 miles north-east from Welling­ton. Rail to Pahiatua, coach to Maku, thence by horse 4 m in Akitio County. Nearest doctor Pongaroa, 12 m. Name means "a hill of hinau trees." Post and telegraph office.
PUKEH IWITAI. See Shag Point.
PUKEHOU, Hawke's Bay. 31 miles south-west from Napier by rail: with post and telephone office. Shooting of all kinds. Nearest doctor at Waipawa, 9 m.
PUKEHUIA. Hill 2 m from Dargaville.
PUKEHUIA. Wellington. Post office.
PUKEKAKARIKI. Canterbury. Telegraph office.
PUKEKARARO. See Kaiwaka.
PUKEKATA. 88 miles north-east from Wanganui. Steamer to Pipiriki (25s), thence coach 21 miles. Mails leave here once a week (Saturday). Good scenery; roads had. No accommodation. Nearest post and telegraph office Raetihi, 11 miles.
PUKEKAURI. District near Ruakaka.
PUKEKAWA, Auckland. 43 miles from Auckland; in Raglan County. Rail to Tuakau, thence eight miles. Name means "Sour hill," from the sour berries that grew here in great abundance. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor Tuakau, 8 m.
PUKEKIARE. Hill, Waiapu County. On the summit is Maori pa.
PUKEKOHE, Auckland. 31 miles south by rail from Auckland, and Pukekohe East 34 miles. Is in Manakau County. There are post, telegraph, and money order offices, and a butter factory ; and is a settled township with farmers all round it. There is a large ostrich farm, consisting of over 500 ostriches, and a feather-trimming factory. Shoot­ing abundant. The roads for cyclists are good; and boarding (private and hotel) is to be got. Coaches start from here on arrival of express train for Mauku, Wauku, and Patumahoe, which see. Population 500. It was here on September 15, 1863. 200 Maoris attacked the Volun­teers, while at church. Name means "hill tree." Resident doctor. Half holiday held on Saturday.
PUKEKOHE EAST. Auckland. 34 miles south by rail from Auckland. Three miles distant from Pukekohe, which is nearest telegraph office and doctor's residence. Formerly called Tirimata by the Maoris, and was a Native settlement prettily situated on the borders of a forest. The Natives here were early Christianised, for even in 1843 they had prayers and hymns every night and morning, the signal to prayers being given by striking an iron pot with a stone. The Native teacher there was a well tatooed man, and the young people were able to read the New Testament and their hymn book in their own language, and were fond of being taught and of teaching others.
PUKE KOKOROMIKO. High peak near Kaitaia. Mongonui
PUKEKURA. See Pukerimu.
PUKEKURA, Westland. Formerly crossing place on Waitaha River, on the coast; 35 miles south-west by coach on Mondays from Hokitika, and 16 miles from Ross. River is now bridged. One resi­dence, Lake lanthe Hotel. Was formerly known as Waitaha Ferry.
PUKEMAERE. Site of old Maori pa, Waiapu Countv.
PUKEMIKU. A riding, of Pahiatua County. Also a hill near Pahiatua.
PUKEMIRO, Auckland. 74 miles from Auckland. Rail to Huntly, punt across Waikato River, then 9 m coach. Large deposits of coal. Huntly is the nearest telegraph office, 9 m, and Dr. here. Name means "Hill of miro tree."
PUKENUI, Auckland. 206 m N. by weekly steamer from Auck­land (fares : 30s single, 50s return). Pukenui is a Maori name sig­nifying a "Big Hill" or mount, adjacent. It is due north from Auckland, and is situated on the Houhora River on the western side of Mount Camel. The fishing in the bay outside the heads for variety and quantity could not possibly be excelled. The main support of the place is the kauri gum industry and a flax mill at Hukatere, seven miles away. The industry in the near future will be the cultivation of flax. Two stores; no hotel. Has a post and telephone office.
PUKEOKAHU, Wellington. 103 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Utiku daily, then 20 miles by road. Inland on Rangitikei River. Good game shooting. Post and telegraph office.
PUKEPAPA, Wellington. Railway siding 134 miles from New Plymouth, on the New Plymouth-Wanganui line. Marton, one mile distant, is the nearest post office, which see. A small body of Germans in 1866 settled here.
PUKEPITO, Otago. Bruce County. Nine miles from Balclutha, on the Clutha River, and five miles from Waitahuna River. Meaning of Pukepito, "bill end." Post office. Nearest doctor at Balclutha, 12 m; and nearest telegraph Pukeawa, 3 miles.
PUKEPOTO, Auckland. 218 m N.W. from Auckland; 4 m in­land from Ahipara Bay and 4 from Kaitaia. Steamer to Mangonui weekly, coach to Kaitaia, 29 m, then 4 m. Fair amount of pigeon and pheasant shooting, and pig hunting. Tangong swamp (16,000 acres) and lake adjacent suitable for flax. Flax mill. Is considered a model Native settlement. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Kaitaia, 4 miles.
PUKEPUKA. Branch of Mahurangi Harbour. Nearest P.O. Te Kapo.
PUKERARUHE, Canterbury. A railway siding, six miles from Waimate. On the Waimate-Waihao Downs line. Waihao Forks, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. (Formerly called M'Lean's). Pukeraruhe means "Fern root hill," and near fern hills.
PUKERARUHE. Native settlement on N. shore of Lake Rotoiti, 17 m from Rotorua.
PUKERATA, Auckland. Post office and fanning settlement, 96 m N. from Auckland. Rail to Te Hana, then coach to Maungaturoto (6s), then 5 m. Nearest doctor and telegraph office, Maungaturoto.
PUKERAU, Southland. 49 miles north by rail from Invercargill; in Southland County. Is a fanning district with township, and has good roads for cyclists; with post, telegraph, and money order office. Good duck shooting, and a creek here is well stocked with trout. Name means "Hilly country."
PUKERIMU, Auckland. Waikato County. A small settlement, 100 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Cambridge, then by daily mail cart 4 m. Ohaupo is 6 m distant. No hotel accommodation nearer than Cambridge or Ohaupo; the former being also the nearest telegraph office. "Pukerimu"—"Puke" means "A hill," " Rimu" a well-known forest tree. Doctor at Cambridge. 4 m.
PUKEROA, Wellington. 70 miles from Wanganui, or 18 from Hunterville. the nearest railway station. On the Turakina River. Coach from Hunterville twice weekly (4s). Beautiful waterfalls on river here. Post and telephone office.
PUKEROA. Small hill and old fortification. Now a recreation reserve of 30 acres, part of Rotorua township.
PUKEROA-ORUAWHATA. Original name of block of land upon which Rotorua stands.
PUKERORO, Auckland. 98 miles south-west from Auckland by coach daily. Four miles from Hautapu, nearest telegraph office. "Puke," "Hill" and "Roro," "Brain'' the brains of a Maori chief killed in war were buried in the hill close by, hence the name. Cheese and butter factory. Good trout fishing. Nearest doctor at Cambridge, 5 miles.
PUKERUA, Wellington. Railway siding 22 miles N. from Wel­lington, and situated on the sea coast and commanding views of southern and Kapiti islands. Plimmerton, 4 m distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Situated on a saddle between two hills, hence name—Puke "hill," and rua ''two." See also Plimmerton.
PUKERUI. Volcanic hill near Rangiriri.
PUKETAKUERE. A battle was fought here on June 27, I860, in which the British were defeated, when 53 were killed and wounded.
PUKETAPAPA. Native settlement at Mangare.
PUKETAPU, Hawke's Bay province and county; near Tutakure River, 9 m north-west by daily coach from Napier (3 p.m. : fare Is 6d). Sheep and grain. Good duck shooting close at hand. Good cycling roads. No boarding privately, but has an hotel. Name means "Sacred hill," from "Puke," "Hill," "Papu," "Sacred ". The Maori rebel Te Kooti, after his escape from the Chatham Islands and defeat of settlers and volunteers, camped here from August 8 to October 28, 1868, when he proclaimed himself "Saviour of the people." Is last place of call for the up-country people and also a great waggon centre. Nearest doctor at Napier, 9 m. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
PUKETAPU. A hill at one time a Native fortification in Awhitu district.
PUKETARATA. In Waikato district, near Otorohanga.
PUKETE. Coal discovered here and arrangements in operation to test its properties. 7 m from Hamilton.
PUKETERAKI, Otago. Immediately opposite entrance of Waikouaiti River, in Maori reserve, having two stations—Puketeraki (one mile, at south end) and Merton (one and a-half miles, north). Is 28 miles north by rail from Dunedin. Excellent shooting, also river and sea fishing. The scenery is exceedingly beautiful, and pronounced by artists unrivalled. Roads for cycling tolerable. Boarding to be had at moderate rates. No hotels. This place is much resorted to in summer for bathing, boating, shooting, and fishing, and its splendid climate, beautiful fern gullies containing immense varieties, fro tree fern to maiden hair. There is a runaga, or Maori hall, English church, Government Native school. Post office and telephone. Name means "Hill of Heaven."
PUKETERANGI. See Karitane.
PUKETI, Otago. 64 m W. from Dunedin by rail to Waitahuna, thence coach tri-weekly 11 m. Nearest tel. Waitahuna. and doctor at Lawrence, 15 m. Name means "Cabbage tree hill." Good roads.
PUKETI. Extensive gumfields near Kerikeri.
PUKETIRO, Otago. 90 m 8.W. from Dunedin. Rail to Houipapa. then 8 m. Post office. Nearest telephone, Houipapa.
PUKETITI. Block Native land on Te Kuiti-Awakino road.
PUKETITIRI, Hawke's Bay. Village settlement, 38 miles west by coach from Napier on Tues., Thur., and Sat., returning 7.45 a.m. on Mon., Wed., Fri.; fare, 10s. Sheep and sawmilling. Good pigeon, quail, and pheasant shooting ; also trout fishing. Splendid forest adjacent. Roads rather hilly for cycling. Has only one hotel. but private boarding is to be had at 25s per week. Post office. church, and school. Name means "Hill of manuka." Hot springs and good health resort. .Nearest Dr. at Napier. 36 in. Nearest tel. Puketapu. 34 m.
PUKETO. Parish in Waikato County.
PUKETOI, Wellington. 142 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua, thence coach (daily in summer, tri-weekly in winter) 35 miles (10s). In Akitio Comity. Wild duck and pigeon shooting. Nearest doctor at Pahiatua. 35 m. Post and telephone office.
PUKETOI. North and South. A range of low hills adjacent to Pahiatua.
PUKETOTARA. 102 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Te Awamutu, thence coach 12 miles. Good trout fishing and game shooting. Nearest telegraph office and doctor Pirongia, 5 m. Name means "Hill of totara tree."
PUKETOWAI, Canterbury. Telegraph office.
PUKETUI, Auckland. 27 miles south from Thames. Steamer from Auckland to Tairua, launch to Hukuai (8 miles), thence horse four miles. Thames County. Sawmilling and mining are the principal industries. Good pheasant and pigeon shooting. Post and telegraph office. Name means "hill of the tui bird." as the mountain close by was the haunt of that bird. Is on the banks of Tairua River, amidst lovely bush scenery. May also be reached by rail to Puriri. then 17 m vide through immense kauri forests and unsurpassed mountain scenery.
PUKETUTU. A railway siding and post office. 135 miles from Auckland. Formerly Mokau. but changed by post office to Puketutu (Tutu hill). Is situated at the head of the Mokau River. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, Te Kuiti.
PUKETUTU ISLAND. Manukau Harbour, close to Onehunga.
PUKEURI JUNCTION, Otago. Six miles north by rail from Oamaru; in Waitaki County. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Is a railway junction: has good level roads, and is settled by farmers. The name "Pukeuri " means "Roaring water." Nearest doctor at Oamaru. 6 in.
PUKEWHAU. A tributary of the Waiau R. Coromandel district.
PUKEWHARAKIHI HILL (725ft high). Tatarariki.
PUKEWITAHI. See Shag Point.
PUKIHINAHINA, Waikato. A bloody encounter took place here on April 29, 1864. when a combined force from the Naval Brigade and the 43rd Regiment under command of Commodore Edward Hay stormed and captured the Native stronghold.
PUKIORE, Wellington. 57 miles north-east from Wanganui. By rail to Mangaonoho, then three miles; in Rangitikei County. A farming district seven miles from Hunterville and three miles from Rangitikei River. Hares plentiful. Nearest doctor at Hunterville, 7 m.
PUKITI. See Te Ahuahu.
PUKOROKORO. On Firth of Thames.
PUKUTUTU. Native settlement near Mangawhara.
PULLAR Railway siding 13 m from (lore, on the Waikuka line.
PUTNAKAIKI RIVER. Northern boundary of Grey County.
PUNAKITERE, Auckland. 184 miles north-west from Auck­land. Steamer to Omia (30s). then rail to K:iwakawa, then coach 32 miles (15s): in Hokianga County. An inland farmers locality with Post
office, two miles from Taheke. May also be reached by steamer to Rawene then 16 miles by boat or road. Is a beautiful place and very healthy, half way between the Bay of Islands and Hokianga Heads, and only two miles from a tidal river that goes down to Rawene, where there is abundance of fish; also plenty of pheasants and quail. Grapes and oranges, as well as other fruits, grow well hero. Nearest telegraph office Taheke, 2 m. Nearest Dr. at Rawene, 16 m.
PUNAKITERE. A river near the office of that name.
PUNAROMIA. Auckland. Telegraph office.
PUNARUAWHITI. 28 miles north-east from Blenheim. Bail to Picton, thence steamer 18 miles (4s). Sounds County. Good fish­ing and shooting. Nearest telegraph office Kenepuri. 8 m. Antimony mining prospecting. Good fishing. Launch obtainable at 20s per day. Nearest doctor at Picton, 18 in. Is in Queen Charlotte Sound.
PUNARUKU. River S. of Hick's Bay. Waiapu Co.
PUNAWHAKAREWA. A portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
PUNEHU. See Te Awatuna.
PUNGAERE. See Waipapa.
PUNGA FLAT. See Thames.
PUNGAPUNGA. A river near Whangapona.
PUNGAREHU, Taranaki. 27 miles south-west by daily coach from New Plymouth (see Opunake for coaches); fare. 12s return: in Taranaki County. Post, telephone, and money order office. Is it dairy­ing locality, and has dairy and cheese factories, flaxmills, lighthouse, and township. Is on the main coach roach to Opunake, and was for­merly an armed constabulary station. The scene of much fighting during the Maori war in 1860. On October 16, 1866. 22 rebels and three Europeans were killed here. There was an attack by the Maoris in October, 1860. Name means "White ash of burning log." Nearest doctor at Opunake, 14 m.
PUNGA STREAM. Tributary of the Kopuaranga River.
PUNI, Auckland. 36 miles west from Auckland. By rail to Pukekohe, then four miles coach Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays (1s). A dairy-farming district; has a creamery and post office. Is two miles from the Waikato River. Kauri gum is obtained here. Nearest telegraph office and Dr.Pukekohe, 4 m. Teleph here.
PUNI BUSH. ½ mile from Kennington.
PUNI CREEK. Creek running through Invercargill into New River harbour.
PUNIHO, Taranaki. 21 miles south by daily coach (5s) from New Plymouth; in Taranaki County. Is the centre of a dairy-farming district. Has a post and telephone office, dairy factory. Nearest doctor Opunake, or New Plymouth, 20 in.
PUNIHU STREAM, Taranaki. 78 miles from Wanganui, or nine miles from Opunake.
PUNIWHAKAU. 55 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Douglas, thence coach 14 miles. Pigeon and pheasant shooting close at hand. Name means "camp of safety." Post and telephone office. On banks of Puniwhakau and Wangaehu Rivers. Nearest doctor at Stratford. 27 m, by telephone.
PUNIU. Tributary of Waipa River, Kihikihi
PUNURUKU BAY. In Hicks Bay, with sandy beach. River Awatere falls in at eastern end.
PUPEMOEE. A rock near Whangape Lake, Churchill.
PUPONGA, Nelson. 79 miles from Nelson by steamer as opportunity offers. Near Cape Farewell. In Collingwood County. Coal mining district. Post, money order, and telephone office. Three stores and boarding house.
PUPURUKINO. Stream from Longwood Range falling into Riverton Harbour.
PUPUKA. See Kaeo.
PUPUKI. River and settlement near Whangaroa.
PUPUNGA. A point in Manukau harbour.
PURAKANUI, Otago. A small fishing village and seaside resort. 12 miles north by rail from Dunedin. Rabbit shooting, and sea fishing in bay. Accommodation may be obtained, terms 20s to 25s per week. The site is healthy, and has a good view of the ocean and surrounding districts. Name means "Plenty of bush," from "Pu" "a leaf, Raka." "Wood," " Nni " "A lot," from the bush covering the whole place at one time. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Port Chalmers, 4 m.
PURAKAU. Mission station Hokianga River, Rawene.
PURAMAHOI, Nelson. 60 miles north-west by boat from Nelson; in Collingwood County, and on Golden Bay, five miles from Takaka. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Takaka.
PURANGI, Auckland. See Whitianga.
PURANGI, Taranaki. On Waiter River: 24 miles from Ingle wood. Coach daily. Sheep and dairying. Good pheasant, duck, and pigeon shooting within walking distance. Fine scenery on river by Maori canoe. Roads fair for cycling. Post and telephone office. Name means "an opening," it being an old clearing once surrounded by bush. Telephone. Nearest doctor at Inglewood, 24 m.
PURARARAKAU. Tributary of the Orira River.
PURAREKANUI. See Styx River.
PURAU. See Charteris Bay
PURDON'S HILL. On the Wade and Wainui road.
PUREKIREKI, Otago. Also known as Upper Owaka: is 86 miles south from Dunedin. By rail to Owaka, then by buggy or horse hire 13 miles. This place is devoted purely to agriculture and sheep dairying and sawmilling. The land is capable of growing good turnip and oat crops. The roads in winter are very bad for traffic, but in summer fair though not good for cyclists. Good pig hunting and pigeon and rabbit shooting back amongst the hills on the Wisp Hill station, and trout fishing. Is in Clutha County; and is a post and telph office. Name means "Heap of fragments," from the feasting in Maori days. Nearest Dr. at Owaka, 13 m.
PURERUA, Auckland. 156 miles from Auckland, or nine from Russell by boat. Is on a pretty bay. Farming and fish and meat canning. Shooting in season, and sea fishing with net or line all the year. Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Russell, 9 miles. Name means "place for stowing potatoes."
PUREWA. See Tamaki West.
PURI. See Purerna.
PURIRI, Auckland. Nine miles south by rail daily from Thames ; in Thames County; near Kirikiri. Has post and telephone office, and is a mining locality and a sheep district; and is celebrated for its soda springs—Puriri water. Place named from the puriri tree. Deer stalking and game shooting. Within 1 m of Thames River Nearest doctor at Thames, 9 m.
PURPLE HILL. See Alt. St. Bernard.
PURU. Creek in Maraetai district.
PUTAHI. A Native settlement on Hoteo River.
PUTAHI. An extinct volcano near Okaihau.
PUTAKE, Auckland. 140 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Hangitiki, then coach (5s return) to Waitomo Caves, then 14 miles. Farming. Post office. Waitomo Caves, nearest telegraph office.
PUTAKIRUA. Small bay near Akaroa Heads.
PUTAMATAKOHE. Highest peak of Waitakerei Ranges.
PUTANAKI. The Maori name for Mt. Edgecumbe (2732ft), a volcanic mountain, Bay of Plenty, 14 m south of Matata, near Tauranga.
PUTARA, Wellington. 105 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Eketahuna, then mail cart daily to Nireaha, 5 m, then mail cart bi-weekly, 4 m. Eketahuna County. Name means "a signalling station." Good trout fishing and deer stalking. One boarding house. Nearest telegraph office, Nireaha, 5 m. Nearest Dr. at Eketahuna, 9 m.
PUTARURU, Auckland. The stopping place for refreshments on Frankton-Rotorua railway, half way between Morrinsville and Rotorua. Hotel, store, and post, money order, and telegraph office, and savings bank here. Surrounding country bush and agriculture. Is 10 miles from the Okoroire Hot Springs, and 33 miles from Rotorua. Good trout fishing and hare and pheasant shooting. Name means "owl's hole." Doctor at Tirau, 6 miles.
PUTATAKA. See Port Waikato.
PUTERE. 105 miles north-east from Napier. Steamer to Wairoa, coach to Wahanui, 29 m, then horse 8 m. Sheep farming district. Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, Wairoa.
PUTIKI. See Taylorville.
PUTIKI BAY, Auckland. 16 miles east from Auckland by bi­weekly steamer (5s) ; in Manukau County ; on Waiheke Island, which is occupied by a few sheep-farmers. A summer resort for Auckland visitors. Several boarding houses. Telegraph office.
PUTIKITUNA. See Whangamomona.
PUTOETOE. A portion of Ohinemutu. Rotorua.
PUTORINO.Hawke's Bay. On Waikare River. 40 m. north­east from Napier by weekly coach or steamer via Wairoa. Name means "whistle," or "flute." Splendid scenery, waterfalls and gorges. Good fishing and shooting. One hotel. Nearest doctor at Wairoa or Napier, each 40 m.
PUWERA. 102 miles north from Auckland by steamer (22s 6d return.) Gum digging is principal industry at which many Maoris. Name means "Hot gun." Nearest telegraph office and nearest Dr. at Whangarei, 7 m. Post office.
PUYSECUR POINT, Southland. Usually the first land sighted by passengers from Melbourne to Bluff, is at the entrance to Preservation Inlet. There is a lighthouse here with telegraphic connection. On January 4, 1910, news of the wreck of the Waikare in Dusky Bay was first known here and then telegraphed throughout N.Z.. Mr Appleyard. the second mate of the steamer, courageously bringing the launch round with tin- news.
PUZZLE PEAK. A peak on range Pelorus Sound (2800 ft).
PYRAMID, Otago. 55 miles north-cast from Invercargill by rail, four miles from Riversdale. Has post and telephone office and cheese factory Named from a pyramid-shaped hill close by.
PYRAMID CREEK. Tributary of Mataura. 4 m from Riversdale.
PYRAMID MOUNT. Between Ahaura and Grey Rivers.
PYRAMID SIDING. Railway station Gore-Lumsden line. School 3m from Mandeville.
PYRAMIDS. 4m from Riversdale. Named after its resemblance to the Pyramids.
PYKE'S RIVER. River running into Rod Hills.