Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand - O
OAKATI. See Whangarei.
OAKEIKOIAKO. See Atiamuri.
OAKLEIGH. Sheep station near Southbridge.
OAKLEY STREAM. Flows into Waitemata Harbour.
OAKURA, Taranaki. Eight miles south by coach (daily) from New Plymouth; in Taranaki County. On the sea coast. A farming locality. Has fairly good roads and a licensed hotel. Post and telephone office, and daily mail service.
0 AMARU, Otago. One of the finest built towns of its size in the southern hemisphere, is situated on the sea coast; in Waitaki County; 78 miles north from Dunedin, and 152 miles south from Christchurch, on the main line of railway between these places. The town—often called the "White City"—is built of the celebrated Oamaru stone, which is of a light, almost white colour, becoming harder the longer it is exposed to the atmosphere, giving the town a very substantial appearance with its wide and well laid out streets. The quarries are close to the city, and there is a good export trade -of this stone. Oamaru is the second town of importance in the provincial district of Otago, and is an industrious, healthy city possessing manufactories. It is the centre of an extensive and rich farming district, its chief exports being wool and grain. A branch line of railway runs from Oamarur up the Waiareka Valley to Ngapara (17 miles), and to Tokarahi (25 miles); better known as the Maerewhenua or Livingstone line. Seven miles by road from Tokarahi is the settlement of Livingstone. A branch line also runs up the Waitaki Plains to Kurow and connects the Hakateramea Plains (43 miles distant) with the town. Oamaru about 1855 consisted of hut one hut and a woolshed, and the whole district was a sheep run.
The largest freezing works in Otago are situated in Oamaru and are capable of freezing 1200 sheep per day and storing 30.000 carcases. The Oamaru woollen mills are one of the principal industries of the city, and employ a large number of hands. Limestone quarries, flourmills, foundry, brewery, malt-house, and implement works are the other chief industries. The flour and grain stores are extra large, eclipsing many of such stores in the chief cities of the colony.The principal commercial street is Thames street, the others in their alphabetical order are Harbour, Itchen, Tees, and Tyne streets; many of them being named after British streams. The Severn street Gardens are well maintained, possess a fine stream of water, and presents in the season a perfect show of colour. Visitors should not omit a trip to Elderslie or to Windsor Park, either by rail or road, about eight miles out; and on the way rich farm lands, homesteads, and plantations will be passed, with a grand view of the Kakanui ranges. The pleasure resorts close to the town are numerous, the bushy beach being much frequented by picnic parties. There is a lighthouse above the cliff, and about this part is an archway of rocks through which the sea rushes and hisses furiously. Not far from Oamaru a number of skeletons of the extinct moa bird were found, and are now in the Museum.
Although Oamaru is situated right on the sea coast the climate is exceptionally dry and mild. The roads are excellent for cycling; and good sea and trout fishing and shooting always obtainable within easy distance from the town. Hares are very plentiful in this district. As a result, of the voting at the Local Option poll in December, 1905, Oamaru was declared a prohibition district, this taking effect from July, 1906. Although the licenses have gone there are, nevertheless, numerous good temperance hotels, and there is no difficulty in securing private boarding at reasonable rates. The private residences appear extremely picturesque on the face of the green hillside surrounding the White City, and contrast well with the sparkling sea on the eastern side. The port is north of Cape Wanbrough, and looking seaward it is a facsimile of that at Timaru.
Oamaru has a good harbour (under control of a board which supervises works and finances) formed by a concrete breakwater for the reception of ocean-going ships. Not so very many years back all goods and passengers had to be landed from vessels by means of surf-boats, but now all that is changed. The breakwater runs out 1,850ft in a northerly direction, a rubble mole 1,720ft from the western shore, running 1,700ft in an easterly direction, the space between that and the breakwater being 400ft wide, enclosing nearly 60 acres, thus enabling every access for large vessels. The depth of low water at entrance is 17ft 6in (spring tide); berthage up to 19ft 6in draft. There are several primary secondary, and private schools in the city, including the Waitaki Boys' High School, Waitaki Girls' High School, and the Convent School. There are six good and large church buildings, two of which are of the Presbyterian Church. A good private club and the usual miscellaneous sporting, dramatic, musical, and athletic clubs and other societies contribute to the pleasures of the residents. The North Otago Agricultural & Pastoral Association hold their celebrated annual show in November here, and the Horticultural Society at different dates. The town possesses central post and telegraph offices, four banks, municipal and Waitaki County Council Chambers, and a well-filled athenaeum with lending library and reading rooms, and a mechanics institution. There is also the Waitaki Hospital here, and a charitable aid board for the district. A very great recent advantage to Oamaru has been the purchase by the Government of several estates, which have been cut up into small farms, now maintaining quite a number of settlers. The population of city at last census was 5650, and that of the County (Waitaki) 9914.
OAONUI, Taranaki. 36 miles south from New Plymouth by daily coach (lls 6d). In Egmont County. A dairy farming locality, with a dairy factory. Roads fair, but no township. Has a post and telephone office.
OBAN. See Broad Bay.
OBAN. The township at Half Moon Bay, whioh see.
OBSERVATION CREEK. Tributary of Waimea, 4 ½ m from Mandeville.
OCEAN BAY. 24 miles from Blenheim, by oil launch twice a week (5s return); in bad weather by road to Wairau Beach, thence bridle track 12 miles. Fish plentiful, also oysters; good pigeon shooting. Accommodation house, 25s a week. Post and telephone. (See also Port Underwood).Named from its being the only bay in Port Underwood, which commands a view of the ocean. Maori name is "Oihenga." Doctor at Blenheim.
OCEAN BEACH. 16 miles from Invercargill by rail. Post office. Mails daily. Bluff is nearest telegraph office. Freezing works. Nearest doctor at Bluff, 1 m. Telegraph cable from Stewart Island is landed here, 1 ½ m north from Signal station.
OCEAN BEACH. One of Dunedin's favourite seaside resorts. Trams run frequently.
OEINEKOKEOA. See Horowhenua.
OEO. See Pihama.
OERO. See Patangata.
OFFICER'S POINT. In Lyttelton Harbour, near Godley Head.
OGILVIES. Accommodation house, near Lake Mahinapua.
OHAE. Part of Tikao Bay, Akaroa Harbour.
OHAEAWAI, Auckland. At the junction of the Waimate and Hokianga roads; 173 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Opua, rail to Kawa, then coach bi-wkly (Tues and Th) 15 m (6s); also steamer to Whangarei (Friday), rail to Towai, thence coach (Saturday) 32 miles (12s 6d). In Bay of Islands County. A post, telegraph, and money order office. Sheep district, with dairy factory: has a trade in kauri gum; and there is near it two Native townships with Native schools. Sulphur hot springs within three miles of township, which has one hotel. Site of engagement between the British under Colonel Despard and the rebel Heke in 1845, in which Colonel Despard was repulsed with loss, 101 British out of 200 engaged being killed or wounded, amongst them Lieut. Philpotts, of H.M.S. Hazard, who was shot while climbing over the palisades at the head of the blue jackets. In the cemetery here is a cross erected by the Maoris to those who fell here One bank; good fishing.
OHAKATURU. River flowing into the Whakatane, 2£ m from coast, on left bank; Tauranga district.
0HAKEA, Wellington. 123 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Foxton, tram to Sanson (which is nearest telegraph office), then 3 m, or by train to Palmerston North, then daily coach 19 m (4s). Is 3 m from Rangitikei River, and 4 m from Bulls, where Dr. resides.
OHAKUNE, Wellington. 202 m north from Wellington by rail. On Main Trunk line. Waimarina County. Post, money order, and telegraph office. A rapidly rising town on the Mangawhero River, and 8 in from Mount Ruapehu. One bank and tri-weekly newspaper. Abundance of trout, pigeons, and pheasants. Resident doctor.
OHANGAI. 54 miles north-west from Wanganui. Bail to Mokoia, thence 5 miles. Farming is chief industry. Roads good. Has a post and telephone office.
OHAOA POINT AND BIGHT. 7 m north from Cape Terawhiri.
OHAPE, Canterbury. 17 miles from Timaru. Rail to Temuka, then by hire five miles. Mails arrive and depart Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Nearest telegraph Temuka.
OHAPI RIVER. Tributary of Orari River.
OMAPUKU, Canterbury. 18 m N. from Christchurch by rail (Wetheral station). Farming district, with post office. Nearest telegraph office Ohoka, 4 m.
OHARIU, Wellington. A sheep-farming district, 11 miles west from Wellington. By rail to Johnsonville, then 4 miles walk. In Hutt County, but not a township, and has a post and telephone office Named after river of same name. Doctor at Johnsonville. Rabbife shooting. During 1910 several thousand trout ova were liberated mi stream.
OHARIU BAY. 14 m by road from Wellington, on shores of Cook Strait.
OHARUAHINE. See Waikaremoana.
OHAU, Auckland. See Batley.
OHAIT RIVER. Tributary of Waitaki River.
OHAU, Wellington. An old Maori settlement, 56 miles by rail from Wellington City, four miles from coast, and three miles from Levin. Wool, cattle, dairying, and sawmilling. Good quail and pheasant shooting; good fishing in rivers and creeks—Californian and salmon trout. Fairly good roads. Has no hotels. In Horowhenua County. Post and telephone office. Mails daily.
Lake Papitonga (meaning "Queen of the south") a place of historical interest. Ohan, named by the Maoris, meaning "Wind," the place being very windy. Doctor at Levin.
OHAU. Stream connecting Rotorua and Rotoiti Lakes; also Native settlement on its banks.
OHAUPO Auckland. Situated between Waikato and Waipa Rivers, and 94 miles by rail from Auckland. Dairying, grazing, fruit growing and cropping chief occupations. Bacon factory closed ; weekly cattle sales are held. Pheasant, quail, duck, hare, and rabbit shooting. Good cycle roads in summer. The ascent of Mount Pirongia, 2800ft high, may be made from here on horseback. One hotel; private board, 3s per day. Post, telegraph and money order office. Great fruit growing district. "Ohaupo" means "Night wind," from the wind blowing nearly every night. Doctor at Te Awamutu, 6 m. About 1876 a settlement of Government immigrants from Bohemia were settled here.
OHAU RIVER. Flowing into Cook Strait, rising in Western Tararuas.
OHAUTIRA, Auckland. 86 miles S.W. from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia, thence coach to Raglan Landing, 22 miles. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Waingaro, 8 miles. Maori settlement.
OHKHUA HILL, near Pahiatua.
OHENA. Island in Colville Channel, near Auckland.
OHIA LAKE, Doubtless Bay, Mongonui.
OHIKA (BIG). River on Buller road.
OHIKA (LITTLE). Horse-changing stage for mail coach on Buller road.
OHINAPIUAWE. Maori pah near Bulls.
OHINEMURI. A county in Auckland province with a population of 5805. Chief town is Paeroa, which see.
OHINEMUTU. The old Maori name for Rotorua (which see), of which it still forms a portion. 172 miles from Auckland. Coach daily one mile from Rotorua. Here Te Kooti attacked and was defeated by Captain Mair and men during the rebellion on February 7, 1870.
OHINEPAKA Small bay near Wainui, Akaroa Harbour.
OHINEREIATA STREAM. Tributary of the Tiraumea River.
OHINETAHI. Six miles from Lyttelton. The old Maori name for the district of Governor's Bay North, which see; in Port Victoria, Road district.
OHINEWAI, Auckland. 62 miles south by rail from Auckland ; in Waikato County. A small farming locality near Huntly, and no township; has a post and telephone office. Is on the River Waikato, where fishing is good: also good pheasant and duck shooting. Doctor at Huntly, 5 m.
OHINEWAIAPU. See Waiapu.
OHINEWAI LAKE, near Ohinewai.
OHINEWAIRUA, Wellington. 100 miles north-east from Wanganui. Rail to Utiku, thence daily coach to Pukeokahu. Rangitikei County.
OHINGAITI, Wellington. A sheep-farming district on tableland above Rangitikei River: 1200ft above sea level; 61 m N.E. from Wanganui by rail. One hotel; private board, 6s per day. Roads fair for cycling. By the Otara bridge over Rangitikei River (on the bank of which this place is situated), this is the nearest point to the Pemberton and Rangiwahia districts, distance about 13 miles. Post, and telephone. Name means " Resting place or camping ground." Doctor at Mangaweka, 6 m. Good shooting-.
OHINGAROA BAY, Mahau Sound, Pelorus Sound.
OHIRANGI. 36 miles from Auckland by rail. See Helensville. Rangi means "sky," but Ohi "doubtful."
OHIRO. A portion of the borough of Melrose (which see), dmt Wellington.
OHIRO HAY. On shores of Cook Strait.
OHIRO STREAM. Small creek flowing into Cook Strait.
OHIWA, Auckland. A small district of settlers and farmers, 160 m S.E. by weekly steamer from Auckland; or rail and coach via Whatanae and Rotorua. In Whakatane County; on the Hay of Plenty and near Opotiki (which see). Post and telephone office. The Uriwera natives during the Maori rebellion here murdered Mr. Pitcairn on May 7, 1869. It is generally supposed that Ohiwa will become the shipping port of the Bay of Plenty. Railway is at present advocated, and when Waimana is cut up trade will go via Ohiwa. Weekly steamer from Auckland. River Ohiwa enters the sea 7 m east of Kohi Point and has a broad entrance. Dr. at Opotiki, 8 m. Good shooting and sea fishing.
OHOKA, Canterbury. A fine farming district, long settled, 17 miles west by rail from Christchurch ; in Ashley County; with good level roads. Private boarding; has a post, telephone, and money order office and savings bank. Good trout fishing, also rabbit and duck shooting. Doctor at Kaiapoi, 5 in.
OHONGA. 132 m from Wellington; Wairarapa district. Post and telegraph.
OHOTU. Waterfall on Waikato River, Port Waikato.
OHUI. 107 miles from Auckland by steamer, or seven miles from Tairua, which also see.
OHUIA RIVER. Tributary of Wanganui River, Auckland.
OHUIRANGI. Valley in Mangonui district.
OHUKA. Near Port Waikato.
OHURA. 188 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Ongarue, thence 29 miles by coach (12s). Grazing is main industry. Two rivers, Ohura and Mangaroa, flow through the township, and these rivers are a series of waterfalls and small rapids. Very rich soil, and place is well watered. Post and telephone office, and doctor. Is the name of the county.
OHUTU. Forest between Kaitaia and Awanui.
OHUTU, Wellington. 84 miles north-east from Wanganui. Rail to Utiku, then 1 ½ m coach to Taoroa, Wed. and Fri., 10 a.m., returning same day; Rangitikei County. On Hautapu River; good fishing; splendid scenery. Dairying, butter factory, sheep-farming, and timber. Post and telephone. Doctor at Taihape, 4 m.
OIHENGA. See Ocean Bay.
OIHI, Russell, Bay of Islands. Here is erected a stone cross monument to the memory of the late Rev. Samuel Marsden (unveiled by his Excellency the Governor on March 12, 1907). It is named the Marsden cross, and is on the spot where the late Mr Marsden, first missionary to X.Z., preached his first sermon in N.Z. on Christmas Day, 1814.
OIHI. Kauri bush. 4 m from Kaitaia.
OIO. See Kakahi. which is now the name of the post office.
OIRA, Auckland, formerly called Runciman. A post and telegraph office and railway siding. 23 m S. from Auckland. On a tidal creek (an arm of the Manakau Harbour). Good shooting and fishing. Farming district. Nearest doctor Pukekohe. 8 m.
OKAERIA. 67 ½ miles south from Auckland. Rail to Wairangi station, coach to Waerenga tri-weekly (4s), thence five miles. Waikato County. Nearest telegraph office Waerenga, five miles. Very little shooting, and no fishing. Two Maori pahs in the district. Should be spelt Okarea, which means "Chums." Doctor at Huntly, 25 m.
OKAHU. Stream 6 m from Toka Toka.
OKAHUMOKO BAY. Western arm of Whangarei Harbour.
OKAIAWA, Taranaki. 68 miles north from Wariganui and three miles from coast. Rail to Normanby, thence four miles by coach, which meets train from New Plymouth. Good shooting, coursing, and fishing here, and good cycling roads. One hotel, no private board, telephone office. Splendid grazing district—very level and is the best portion of the plain. (See also Manaia and Mount Egmont. Chief industry, dairy farming. Okaiawa named after the pa of that name. Historic scenery, Maori fortifications, and Von Tempsky monument. Name means "food from creek."
OKAIHAU, Auckland. An agricultural and timber district, 181 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Opua, rail to Kawakawa, then coach, bi-weekly (10s), 22 miles; in Bay of Islands County. A post, telephone, and money order office. There are extensive beds of coal here still unworked, and the land is good generally. At the head of the Hokianga River. Was first settled by Canadians in 1864. Nearest doctor at Ohaeawai, 8m. A battle between British and Maoris' took place here on May 8, 1845.
OKAIN'S BAY, Canterbury. On sea coast, 56 miles east from Lyttelton. S.s. John Anderson plys to and from there via Little Akaloa, arriving every Tuesday and Thursday at 10.30 a.m., and departs same days at noon; fare, 5s and 7s 6d return. Cocksfoot and ryegrass seed, dairy-farming, cattle, and co-operative cheese factory. Pheasant and hare shooting two and a-half miles walk. Old Maori relics by horse. Roads rough and hilly. Has no hotel, but private board obtainable at 25s per week. Post and telephone office. Named by a Captain Hamilton, who, reading on deck of his vessel in the bay a work by O'Kain, the Irish naturalist, named it after the author. Nearest doctor at Akaroa, 16 m.
OKAIN'S PEAK (1943ft). Near O'Kain's Bay, Banks Peninsula.
OKAKA. Survey district in Hobson County.
OKAKAKO. Settlement near Waimate North.
OKAKURI. See Te Awaite.
OKAMOHOKA. North-west side of harbour entrance, Auckland.
OKANO. Formerly a Native village, near Pouto.
OKAPUA CREEK. Tributary of Mataura, near Gore.
OKARA. Tributary of Northern Wairoa River.
OKARA. Small lake, 15 m south-east of Rotorua.
OKARAHIA. Fishing reserve, Port Waikato.
OKARAMIO, Marlborough. 16 miles north by coach from Blenheim (5s) and 60 miles from Nelson by coach (fare 20s). In Wairau County; on the Nelson road. Has sawmills, good road, post and telephone office. Quail shooting and deer stalking. Dairy factory. Spelling should be Okuramio, and mean "The- plume of Miromiro," the native torn-tit. Nearest doctor at Havelock, 11 m.
OKAREKA. Lake 9 m south-east of Rotorua, Native settlement.
OKARIKI STREAM. Tributarv of the Makakahi River.
OKARITO, Westland. On the sea coast, 83 miles south from Hokitika. By daily coach to Ross, then 63 miles by mail cart weekly, or by steamer from Hokitika, which calls even- two months at Okarito: in Westland County. A gold mining township which has declined of late years, is a harbour, has irregular steam communication, a licensed house, and post, money order, and telephone office. It is, however, the principal seaport of South Westland. A new service is being started which will develop the timber trade. It is situated on the Okarito River. Okarito lagoon affords good duck shooting. Flax milling. Nearest Dr. at Roes, 63 m. Name means "Young Flax."
OKARO LAKE. On main Waiotapu-Galatea road, Rotorua.
OKATAINA LAKE. Surrounded by bush covered bilk, 12 m east of Rotorua.
OKATO, Taranaki. 17 miles south-west by coach daily (3s) from New Plymouth. In Taranaki County. A post and telephone office. Is a farming, dairying, and sheep district; has three butter factories. Fair cycling roads. Private boarding and a licensed hotel. Good shooting and trout fishing obtainable. Name of place means (Kato) "Sweeping of the waves," alluding to a tidal wave which in the old past reached to tin foot of Okato Hill blockhouse. Resident' doctor.
OKAU. A farming district, 50 miles east from New Plymouth. Rail to Waitara, thence 39 miles by coach via Urenui (coach fare, 12s 6d). It is situated on the Tongaporutu River, 10 m from the sea coast by road. Is in Clifton County. Fishing is poor, but there is plenty of shooting in season. Post and telephone office. Mails arrive Wednesday and Saturday and depart Thursday and Sunday.
OKAUIA, Auckland. Post office. Sheep ;md farming district, 125 -miles S.E. from Auckland. Rail to Matamata. thence 4 miles. Waihou River runs through settlement with splendid scenic reserves. Opal Springs and Waiwera Falls close by. Nearest telegraph office, Matamata.
OKAUNGA. Native settlement near Tearai Bridge Cook Co.
OKAUWHERETOA. High peak Waiapu Co., a Maori burial place.
OKAWA. See Fernhill, from which it is distant five miles.
OKEHU, Wellington. 91 miles from New Plymouth. Is the railway station for Maxwelltown, 3 m, which see. Okehu means "Red Head."
OKERE FALLS. Reached by trap or ferry from Rotorua, which see. Post and telephone office, and electric-power station. Coaches to Tikitere, the wonderful thermal region, connect with this place.
OKERE RAPIDS. See Okere Kails.
OKETE, Auckland. A sheep and farming locality, 110 miles S.E. from Auckland; on the Whaingaroa- Harbour. By rail to Frankton, then 26 miles by conch tri-weekly (10s); in Raglan County. Post and telephone office. Weekly steamers from Onehunga to Raglan, thence tri-weekly coach 14 miles from landing. Limestone in the vicinity, and there is good stone for quarrying. There is a splendid waterfall on the Okete River, which should be very valuable as a mill site. At present a flaxmill is in full operation, and turns out excellent fibre. Nearest doctor at Raglan.
OKIRERU. See Waikaremoana.
OKIRI. Stream flowing in Lake Foreyth, Canterbury.
OKIRIMENE. Formerly a Maori settlement, Mongonui district.
OKIWI, Auckland. 66 miles north-east from Auckland. By weekly steamer to Port Fitzroy, then six miles. Situated on the east coast of the Barrier, where is a large sandy beach between two and three miles long. Tidal river runs inland for two miles. Plenty of shooting and fishing. Post and telephone office. One store.
OKIWI BAY, Nelson. 25 miles north by boat from Nelson; in Waimea County. Is a sheep station district solely. See Croixelles, which is pest office. Name means a cave of the bird kiwi.
OKIWI-ITI. See Muritai.
OKIWI TRACK. Leads over hills from Rai Valley to Okiwi Bay.
OKOHA, Marlborough. 66 miles north-west from Blenheim. In Pelorus Sound. Coach daily to Havelock (7s 6d), thence 38 miles by steamer weekly (8s). Sounds County. Sawmilling. A Maori. settlement. Has a post office. Wakatahuri. 6 miles, nearest telephone office.) No hotel.
OKOIA, Wellington. Eight miles south by rail from Wanganui; in Wanganui County. A dairying district, with dairy factories, and post and telephone office. Nearest Dr at Wanganui, 5 ½ m road.
OKOKE, Taranaki. 28 miles N.E. from New Plymouth. Rail to Waitara. thence coach Urenui daily, thence 8 miles. Post office. Nearest telegraph office. Urenui.
OKOROIRE, Auckland. 131 miles south from Auckland, on Frankton-Rotorua line of railway. Traps and drays meet all trains for the famous Okoroire Hot Springs (four miles from station), which are situated on Waihou River in a picturesque gorge 350ft above sea level. There is a good hotel here, and there are both open-air and enclosed baths. Fine invigorating climate, while excellent trout fishing is to be had in the various streams near by. Apart from the medicinal value which the springs here possess in common with the general run of alkaline hot springs, they are free from the disagreeable odour or deposit which is generally attendant, and they are also remarkable for their large flow of water. This fact should render the springs specially attractive to the invalid. Good shooting, and headquarters of the fallow deer. Post, telephone, savings bank, and money order office. Nearest doctor Tirau, 5 miles.
OKUKU, Canterbu-y. 32 m N. from Christchurch. Rail to Fern-side, thence 6 miles Situated between the Okuku and Ashley Rivers, in which fishing is obtainable. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Rangiora, 11 m.
OKUKU HILLS. Also called Cuckoo Hills (3743ft) in the Ashley district.
OKUKU PASS. Low pass in Okuku Hills.
OKUKU RIVER. Tribituary of the Ashley River, Canterbury.
OKUKURI. An old Maori settlement with pa, just inside the entrance to Tory Channel, at the head of a picturesque bay.
OKUPU, Auckland. A sheep-farming, quartz-mining and kauri gum digging settlement situated on Okupu Bay, Great Barrier Island ; 54 miles north-east from Auckland, which is the nearest telegraph office. Steamer arrives 7 a.m on Thursday, returning same day; fare, 22s 6d saloon, 15s steerage. Pigeon shooting and good sea fishins. There are hot springs four miles from here, reached by bridle track. Is very healthy, and good for rheumatism, sciatica, etc. Okupu is a favourite holiday yachting resort for Auckland residents. Nearest doctor at Port Whangapara, 3 miles, by bridle track or boat. Post and telephone office.
OKURA, Westland. South of Haast River; 120 miles south by two-monthly steamer from Hokitika; in Westland County. Entirely a sheep district with few settlers. Post and telephone office. Flaxmilling, is now carried on. Good fishing and shooting. Is 16 m from Jackson' , Bay. In 1872 Italian immigrants settled here, but the settlement was unsuccessful. Name means "at school."
OKURA. Creek in Wade district.
OKURATOPE. Famous Native pa near Waimate, Auckland.
OKURAWEHIA. Native settlement near Port Awanui, Waiapu Co.
OKURUPETE. Native reserve east of Masterton.
OKUTE. Tributary of the Okiri River.
OKUTUPU, Taranaki. Here during the Maori rebellion British troops had a reverse at a great battle fought, under Col. Whitmore in 1867, when of his troops 21 were killed and 20 wounded, Major W. Hunter being killed.
OLD DIGGINGS. Post office, Westport, now known as Bedim.
OLD MAN PEAK (7266ft). Interior of Ashburton.
OLIVER'S PEAK (2760ft). Near the Grove.
OLIVINE CREEK. A branch of Pyke's River.
OLYMPUS Mt. (6866ft). Near Castle Hill, West Coast road.
OMA ENA. Block of land near Port Awanui.
OMAHA. The old name for the village of Leigh, which see; also-Te Aroha. Omaha is reached by steamer tri-weekly from Auckland. The bay is between Rodney and Tawharanui points. Omaha Cave is 1 m south of Rodney Point, and is a double creek.
OMAHANUI, Hawke's Bay. 100 miles N.E. from Napie-.Steamer to Wairoa (7s 6d), thence weekly coach 20 miles (20s return; Sheep farming district. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Frasertown, 16 miles. Doctor at Wairoa.
OMAHATU, near Mangamuka.
OMAHU, Auckland. A rising agricultural and mining postal district. Situated 12 miles from Thames, between Puriri (three miles) and Hikutaia, well-known for its superior land and close settlement, as the farms are mostly about 50 acres. Has a creamery, and is now prominent on account of gold mining. Good fishing in Thames River. Pheasant and deer shooting on flat, and pigeon shooting on ranges. Lovely falls in Omahu Creek. Exports: Timber and kauri gum. Is a post, money order and telegraph office, and savings bank.
OMAHU. Tributarv of Haratanga River.
OMAHUTA. Gumfield near Mangamuka.
OMAIO, Auckland. A Nat.ive district on the Bay of Plenty, 199 miles south-east by steamer from Thames ; in Whakatane County. North-east and near Opotoki, with post office, but nearest telegraph is Opotiki, 33 miles. Pigeon and pheasant shooting. Schooner Kaeo runs every six weeks from Auckland (£1 single and £1 10s return). Native industries—whale fishing, maize growing, and pig rearing. Nearest Dr. at Opotiki, 33 m. Omaio Bay is about 2 m wide; islet of Moto Nui. 120ft high, is its northern extreme.
OMAKA, Marlborough. 10 miles from Blenheim. Coach to Renwick, thence three and a-half miles (originally known as Hawkesbury Estate). Renwicktown, 3 m, is nearest telegraph office. Name means "River between hills," and is name of river between here and Renwick. Nearest Dr. at Blenheim, 9 m.
OMAKAU. 120 m N.W. by rail from Dunedin. Ophir, 3 m, road. Nearest Dr. at Clyde, 24 m. Good hare shooting. Telegraph and post office.
OMAKERE, Hawke's Bay. Post and telephone office. 55 m b from Napier. Rail to Waipawa, then coach 16 m (5s 6d). Farming and sheep district.
OMAKI. See Tamumu.
OMANAIA, Auckland. Purely a Maori settlement and the centre of the late disturbed district. 192 miles north by weekly N.S.S. Co.'a steamer from Auckland, via Onehunga. Good shooting and fishing, and scenery up the Hokianga River. Is situated 011 the Omanaia, a tributary of the Hokianga River, and 6 miles from Rawene, the chief centre of the County. Telephone and post office.
OMANAWA FALLS, Auckland. 16 miles S.E. from Tauranga by coach. Post office.
OMANO. Settlement on Wairoa River, 2 m from Paradise, Auckland.
OMAPERE, Auckland. At the mouth of the Hokianga Harbour; 195 miles north-west from Auckland, by steamer via Onehunga; in Hokianga County. Money order office. Is the settlement at the Hokianga Heads. Post and telegraph office. Rawene 25 miles distant, and Weka Weka 12 miles. Steamer leaves Onehunga for Hokianga every week (32s 6d). On the Hokianga River, near Hokianga Heads. There are 56 oil launches on river, and some run up and down daily to Rawene, Kohu. and Horeke. Fish plentiful in river. Nearest doctor at Rawene by telephone, arriving in an hour.
OMAPERE LAKE is seven miles long by three wide; near Waimate North, and 3 m from Te Ahuahu.
OMARAMA, Otago. 72 miles north-west from Oamaru. By rail to Kurow, then 33 miles by coach Thursday and Saturday (12s 6d) ; in Waitaki County. Purely a sheep station district; has store and hotel, telephone and post office. Name means "Sparkling moonlight." Is on Ahurari River, in which excellent fishing. Good shooting—wild ducks, also deer on Longslip and Birchwood runs.
OMARAMUTU, Auckland. 174 m S.E. from Thames. Rail to Rotorua, then coach bi-weekly to Opotiki (32s 6d), thence horse 8 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Opotiki.
OMARANUI. Eight miles from Napier and t\so from Taradale, nearest post office. Omaranui was seized by Maoris on October 12, 1866, preparatory to an attack being made on Napier which, however, was frustrated by a force of 300 men raised by Major Fraser, when 24 rebels were killed and wounded and 24 prisoners taken.
OMARU. See Putiki Bay and Toka Toka.
OMARUKAIPUA. Portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
OMATA, Taranaki. The first township on the coach road to Opunake; four miles south from New Plymouth. By rail to Moturoa, then coach two miles; in Taranaki County. A dairy-farming district, with two dairy factories; post and telephone office. Opunake coach from New Plymouth daily. Hare and quail shooting. Troops marched through here on March 28, 1860, during the Maori rebellion, when a stockade was built and a battle also fought on February 23, 1861.
OMAUI. Southland. A telegraph office.
OMAWI ISLAND. Small Island near mouth New River, Green-hills.
OMIHI, Canterbury. 47 miles north from Christchurch by rail. Telephone and post office here. Nearest doctor at Amberley, 14 miles.
OMIHI AND OARO. Small Native settlement 14 m S. of Kaikoura.
OMIMI, Otago. A railway siding 22 miles from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Christchurch line. Seacliff, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Dairy factory here.
OMOANA. New settlement, 87 miles north-west from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, thence tri-weekly coach (7s) 16 miles. Pigeon shooting plentiful, also few pheasants and mountain dock. Grazing is the chief industry. Post and telegraph office.
OMOHO, Auckland. 48 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Coromandel. then coach to foot of Tokatea Hill three miles, then three miles walk. A part of the Coromandel mining district.
OMOKOROA, Auckland. Steamer to Tauranga, thence coach 12 m tri-weckly (Tues., Thur. and Sat), or by train to Waihi, thence coach. Name means "Long Point," being the longest point on Tauranga Harbour. On one side is Te Puna River and on the other side Waipapa River. Telephone at Te Puna, 6 m. Nearest Dr. at Tan-ranga, 12 miles. Is 76 miles south-east from Thames.
OMONEHU CREEK. On W. Coast, near Brighton.
OMOTUMOTU CREEK. Tributary of the Grey River. Called also Bullock Creek.
ONAERO, Taranaki. 18 miles north-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Waitara, then daily coach eight miles. Is three miles from Urenui. Post and telephone office. Dairy factory and brickworks.
ONAMALUTU, Marlborough. 18 miles inland: north-west from Blenheim, no coach ; in Marlborough County. A settlement of a few miners and dairy farmers. Pint and telephone office. Correct spelling is Onamahutu, which means "place of a cave," the entrance to valley being narrow and in the early days covered with bush, giving it a cave like appearance. Nearest doctor at Blenheim. 18 miles.
ONAMALUTU RIVER. Flows out of Onamalutu Valley, in Wairau River.
ONAPUA. 13 miles by steamer from Picton every Thursday morning. Dieffenbach. 3 m. flood fishing and accommodation. Has a post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Picton.
ONAWE. Remarkable pear-shaped peninsula in Akaroa Harbour. Scene of massacre of Akaroa Maoris by Te Rauparaha.
ONE. River and settlement near Rawene.
ONEHUNGA, Auckland. A very old township eight miles south-cast by rail or electric car from Auckland, on Manukau Harbour: in Eden County. Has one weekly newspaper, two banks, post, telegraph and money order office. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Is the port for Auckland on the west coast of the peninsula; docs a good trade in shipping, timber export, and agricultural produce. Its salubriousness and resemblance to an English watering place, with all advantages of living in the country and yet within half an hour of the Auckland city, induce very many city people to reside here all the year. It has good schools. Is a borough lit with gas from the Auckland Gas Co. Supports a large number of business places and industries; has a prosperous1 woollen mill, and being on the line of railway, with a good harbour and splendid springs of water, should become a large manufacturing centre. Roads all around are good for cyclists, and much in use by them. Private boarding is easily obtainable, and there are several licensed hotels. Steamers to and from all parts of N.Z. arrive and depart daily. A long bridge crosses a narrow channel from here to Mangere. Population, 4713.
ONEKENEKE. Hot springs, 2 m from Taupo. Telegraph office.
ONEPUHI. Maori pah near Halcombe.
ONERAHI, Auckland. 92 miles north-west by steamer (22s 6d) from Auckland. Farming district. Post and telephone office. Boarding houses; no hotel. Nearest doctor Whangarei, 3 m rail.
ONEROA, Auckland. 11 miles N. from Auckland. Steamer triweekly (Is 6d) or by coach Friday (2s 6d). Is on the sea overlooking Long Bay. felieep, fruit, and vineyards. Quail and pheasant shooting. Oneroa means "Long Beach." Good sea fishing; plenty of oysters and cockles. Nearest telegraph office Takapuna, four miles.
ONEROA BAY, Waiheke Island.
ONETANGI BAY, Waiheke Island.
ONETEA. 124 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Dargaville, then 22 m. Mails arrive and depart i[on and Fri. Nearest telegraph Tongowahine, 6 m. Post office. Creamery. The settlement is called Avoca, but postal name is Onetea, which means "Good soil." Nearest Dr. at Dargaville. 14 m.
ONETEHIA Creek near Rangiriri.
ONE TREE CREEK. Near Lake Pearson, West Coast road.
ONE TREE HILL. A portion and suburb of Auckland, which see. A cave here possessing interest as a Maori sepulchre, known as Hahunga Cave.
ONE TREE POINT. The old name for Mangere, which see.
ONE TREE POINT, Southland. A railway station six miles from Invercargill. Kennington is the post office for this place.
ONEWHERO, Auckland. 43 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Tuakau, then six miles. The centre of a dairyfarming and grazing district, lately cut up into 100-acre blocks by Government and settled on by sons of old Tuakau and Pukekohe settlers. Onewhero is quite a young place, with a butter factory. Ten years ago the surrounding district was a dense bush, but the forest sections are now settled and transformed into productive farms and comfortable homes. Post, telephone, and money order office. Maoris say name has no meaning. Nearest Dr. at Tuakau, 6 miles.
ONGA-ONGA, Hawke's Bay. 51 miles south by rail and coach from Napier. By rail to Waipawa, then coach to meet trains 10 miles daily—1 p.m., returning 8.30 a.m; in Waipawa County. A post, telephone, and money order office. Is an agricultural and sheep rearing district; has good roads in summer; one hotel and butter factory. Nearest doctor at Waipawa, 10 m.
ONGAROTO. Native settlement 3 m blow Atiamuri.
ONGARUE, Auckland. 163 miles from Auckland by rail, on the banks of the Ongarue River. Has post and telephone. Sawmilling. Name means "Land thrown up by earthquakes." Nearest doctor at Taumarunui, 14 m. Shooting and fishing.
ONGARUHE. Tributary of Wanganui River, Auckland.
ONGO. Large block of land near Waituna West.
ONION BAY, near Ketu Bay, Pelorus Sound.
ONSLOW. A borough and suburb of Wellington, with a population of 2098, the description of which is applicable, and which see. Named after the Earl of Onslow, a former Governor of N.Z.
ONUKU. See Akaroa.
OPAHEKE. See Ararimu South.
OPAHEKE NORTH. See Drury.
OPAKI, Wellington. A purely sheep district. 71 miles from Wellington by rail, and four miles from Masterton. Daily mail and telephone office. In Wairarapa County. Settled by Scandinavian immigrants in 1872.
OPANEKE. Formerly the name of the terminus of the railway from Dargaville, now known as Kaihu. When Opaneke took the name of Kaihu, the original Kaihu changed its name to Dargaville. See Kaihu.
OPANGO. Now railed Whangateau, which see.
OPANI. Point at entrance of Thames River.
OPAPE. A point 7 ½ m east from Opotiki.
OPARAKU, Auckland. Post office. 93 m N. from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, steamer to Matakohe (12s 6d ret), then 6 m. flax growing. Nearest telegraph office Matakohe.
OPARARA. District near Karamea.
OPARAU, Auckland. 100 m south by weekly steamer from One-hunga to Kawhia, thence oil launch to Oparau (7 m), or by rail to Te Awamutu, thence Pirongia coach Tu, Thur, and Sat from Oparau Ferry (1J m). Private boarding, 20s weekly. On junction of Oparau and Okupata Rivers. Grazing district settled about 1898. Good bridge over Okupata River. Store, boarding house, post and telephone, connected with Kawhia, where doctor is. Oil launches ply to and from Kawhia daily (3s return). Pirongia 30 m and Te Awamutu 38 m. Name means "100 Maori pas."
OPAREHU RIVER, near Mangamuka.
OPARORE. Formerly Native village near Pouto.
OPARURE. 144 m from Auckland, in Waitomo County. See Te Kuiti.
OPATOTI. Small bay on south-east of Banks Peninsula.
OPATU. See Kioreroa.
OPAU. Native settlement near Tearai Bridge, Cook County.
OPAWA. A suburb of Christchurch, which see.
OPAWA. See Blenheim.
OPAWAHA. See Heathcote River.
OPAWA RIVER. Tributary of Tengawai.
OPE. Tidal stream in Cabbage Hay district.
OPEN BAY. Auckland Province; situated to the north-west of Gisborne. Is 4 m wide and 2 long, and is between Matahau Point and Te Tara Head. Waipiro is the Native name.
OPHIR, Otago. An old mining township on the Manuherikia River, known formerly as Blacks. 139 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Omakau, then coach two miles. In Vincent County. One bank; post, telegraph, and money order office. The roads are very good in summer. Private boarding obtainable, and there are two hotels. Good fishing and shooting. Named by Superintendent Macandrew, of Otago, in 1872, after the Biblical Ophir, from the gold discovered here. Resident doctor.
OPIHI. See Pleasant Point.
OPIKI. See Horowhenua.
OPIO, Southland. 48 miles from Invercargill. By rail to Nightcaps, then four miles; in Wallace County. A farming locality with sheep .stations near it. The nearest post and telegraph office is at Nightcaps, four miles. Is situated on the Aparima River flat. Trout fishing and duck shooting. Named after a stream here. Nearest doctor at Otautau, 17 m.
OPIO. Tributary of Aparimo River.
OPIOI. Farming district 1 m east of Waianiwa.
OPITO, near Kuaotunu.
OPITONUI, Auckland. 48 miles from Auckland. Situated to the east of Castle Rock on the east coast, four miles inland from Whangapoua harbour, on the Coromandel Peninsula. 10 miles hire from Coromandel. Mining operations used to be carried on here, but are now closed down. Communication overland to Coromandel, thence by daily steamer to Auckland, also by direct steamer to Auckland once a week. At Te Rerenga, close to here, there is one hotel, and Te Rerenga is the post office address.
OPOE (DOUBTLESS BAY). See Mangonui.
OPOHO, Dunedin. Portion of the North-East Valley, which sec. Telegraph office.
OPOIA BAY. In Awhitu district.
OPONGA. See Aponga.
0P0N0NI, Auckland. Near Omapere, inside Hokianga Heads; 210 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Rawene, then 16 miles by horse or launch; Hokianga County. Has a hotel; is a gum district, and has a few settlers. A post, telephone, and money order office. Has also direct steamer from Onehunga (120 miles) every week (35s). Good shooting, yachting, boating, fishing, etc. Large steamers can lie with safety and comfort alongside Opononi wharf. Nearest doctor at Rawene.
OPORO, Southland. A railway siding 11 miles from Invercargill, on the Invercargill-Orepuki line. Waianiwa, one mile distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
OPOTIKI, Auckland. Between the Waioeka and Otara Rivers, at junction of Opotiki River. 1 m inland in Bay of Plenty; 226 m south-east from Auckland via Tauranga by N.S.S. Co.'s steamer, arriving Wednesday night or Thursday morning, and leaving again for Auckland on Friday; fare, 50s return, 32s 6d single; also weekly steamer to Ohiwa, thence 9 miles by coach. Opotiki is the head quarters of the maize-producing district, and has rich alluvial lands, from which good returns are expected. Over 50,000 sacks of maize per annum are exported here. Dairy, sheep, and cattle farming is a.lso carried on, but not extensively. Good shooting—imported and native game. Trout fishing; good sea fishing. Good macadamised roads. Several hotels: private board, 20s per week. Two bi-weekly newspapers, arid has two banks, with post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and Government offices. White Island is a large volcanic island in the Bay of Plenty, 30 miles off Opotiki, noted for sulphur deposits and large lake in crater: well worth visiting. Launch always available for charter by party at a low rate. Whale Island, off Whakatane. also interesting island. Opotiki in old days the hot bed of Hauhauism and it still finds many followers. Visitors may ride from here to the Uriwera County, and would doubtless find the ride interesting. Numerous Maori villages near here, carved houses, etc. Splendid boating and fishing in Ohiwa Harbour, eight miles by good road and beach from here. There is a good bridle track from here to Gisborne. Opotiki is a good starting point from which large blocks of Crown lands suitable for pastoral purposes may be reached. "Opotiki" is only the portion of the proper name, which means "The name of an ancestor.'' This was the site once of the largest Maori settlement and later a British military settlement. During 1866-7 it was in a chronic state of skirmish. Here was murdered by the Maoris on May 2. 1866. the Rev. Mr Volkner, Church of England missionary, whose church was here. His eyes were gouged out and swallowed, and his blood taken by the Maoris. Two natives were hanged for this. The Rev. Mr Grace, who was with Mr Volkner, escaped after being long a prisoner with the Maoris among other Europeans. Resident Dr. here. The origin of Opotiki (says Mr Hone Heke. M.P.) is Hawaikian Maori the children." The original name is Opotikimaitawhiti. It is a spring on the coast a few miles from Opotiki. It was the name of a Taniwha. This spring is known among the Maoris to be a dangerous spot—Tapu. Natives never venture there for any purpose which would raise the wrath of this Taniwha. Records of deaths among Whakatohea Maoris are put down to this Taniwha. The spring used to contain a fish brought from Hawaiki. called Tangahangaha. They sometimes disappeared for years, and would appear again. In Maori Potiki is the last child of a family, and is used more for boys, though applied to children as a family.
OPOUITI. 56 miles from Gisborne by coach (25s); Hawke's Bay County. Plenty of shooting. Nearest telegraph office Frasertown, 11 miles. Is on Wairoa and Mangapoiki Rivers. Private telph line connecting settlers. Nearest Dr. at Wairoa 15 m, by telph.
OPOURIAO, Auckland. 161 m from Thames, on Whakatane and Waiinana. Rivers. Dairying and maize growing. Roads good, but no bridges over river. Pheasant, pigeon, and wild duck shooting. Reached by way of Auckland, then to Whakatane by steamer, then conch meeting steamer. Nearest doctor at Whakatane, 12 m. Post and telegraph office.
OPOURIAO WEST, Auckland. 193 miles S. from Auckland. Steamer to Whakatane (weekly), then 13 m. Post office. Nearest telephone and doctor Whakatanae.
OPOURI LAKE. On Paeroa Range, 16 m from Rotorua.
OPOURI VALLEY. See Nydia Bay.
OPOUTAMA, Auckland. A seaport settlement near Mahia Peninsula, in Hawke's Bay. Nuhaka is seven miles off. It is 103 miles north from Napier by fortnightly steamer, or coach from Gisborne or Wairoa, thence horse 6 miles. Good pheasant and duck shooting, also sea fishing. Kopnawhara creamery two and a-half miles distant. Post, telephone, and money order office. One mile from Waikopopo Harbour.
OPOUTERE, Auckland. 108 m S.E. from Auckland by steamer; in Thames County. Oood fishing and shooting, but no boarding. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Tairna. 8 miles.
OPOUTIA. See Churchill.
OPUA, Bay of Islands, Auckland. 151 miles north-west from Auckland. N.S.S. Company's steamers bi-weekly, connecting with Kawa Kawa and Whangarei by rail. Harbour land-locked on tidal river, with 25ft at railway wharf. Pheasant and duck shooting; all kinds of fishing. Board may be obtained, 18s to 20s per week. On the opposite shore from the summit of Frenchman's Hill, a wide-stretching panorama view the countless islands of the bay is seen, looking on a sunny day like a transformation scene. Post and telephone office. Name means "For ever and ever." Nearest doctor at Kawa Kawa, 9 m. Rail between Opua and Whangarei, thus connecting two harbours.
OPUA, Marlborough. See Te Weka.
OPUA BAY. See Onapua.
OPUATIA, Auckland. 8,3 m S. from Auckland. On Waikato River. Rail to Mercer, then river launch. Post office. Nearest telephone Glen Murray.
OPUAU CHANNEL. Separates Maml Island from Mainland. Pelorue Sound.
OPUAWE RIVER. Rising in Haurangi Mountains, East Coast, North Island.
OPUAWHANCA, Auckland. 113 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Kioreioa. rail to Whakapara, thence coach 6 miles; in Whangarei County. A farming district and a small township, with flaxmills. A post office, but nearest telegraph office is Hikurangi, 8 m. Name means "Meeting place." Nearest doctor at Hiknrangi, 9 m.
OPUHA. In Raincliff or Pleasant Point district. See Ashwick Flat.
OPUHA GORGE. Name of station in Ashwick, which see.
OPUHA RIVER. Tributary of Opihi River.
OPUKUTAHI. Maori settlement near Wainui. Akaroa harbour.
OPUNAKE, Taranaki. On sea coast, and a seaport on the west coast of the North Island. The principal town in Egmont County. Is 40 miles from New Plymouth. 28 from Hawera, and 25 from Eltham. Has a bi-weekly newspaper. Bank of New Zealand, district school, telephone exchange, post, telegraph and money order office. Half-holiday on Wednesday. Dairying is the principal industry, and there are factories or creameries every few miles. Although rain squalls are frequent, a whole day's rain is rare; and during summer, owing to the prevailing sea breezes, the temperature is very pleasant. Opunake Bay is a delightful resort for picnic parties, being of a horseshoe shape with high cliffs round three sides. The beach is nearly a quarter of a mile long; and as the tide frequently recedes 200 yards or more, at such times there are many acres of splendid hard sand available for amusements. In the vicinity there is good shooting, and trout are plentiful in the rivers. Good accommodation at reasonable rates at the hotels and boarding houses. There are daily coaches to Hawera via Manaia, leaving Opunake at 4.45 a.m., returning 5.15 p.m. (fares—single 7s 6d. return 12s 6d); to Eltham via Kaponga at 12.45 p.m. (7s 6d and 12s 6d): to New Plymouth via Pungarehu, 5.45 a.m. returning 4 p.m. (10s and 17s). Population, 500. Roads good for cycling. Resident doctor here. Steamer weekly also runs from Auckland.
OPURURE. 4 m north-east of Henderson.
OPUTU BAY. South of Blackhead, East Coast.
ORAKA. See Colac Bay.
ORAKA. Stream near Tirau. Good trout fishing.
ORAKAU. (See Kihikihi.) Near Te Awamutu. Scene of a battle with the Maoris on April 3 and 4. 1864, when 130 rebels were killed and wounded, and 17 Europeans killed and 55 wounded. This was the last Maori battle in the Waikato.
ORAKEI BAY. A deep and sheltered bay near mouth of Waitemata Harbour and 6 m from Auckland City by land. A Maori village, and the headquarters of the Ngatiwhatua tribe.
ORAKEIKORAKO. Native settlement, 34 m south of Rotorua. Seat of thermal action.
ORAKEIKORAKO. See Atiamuri.
ORAKI, Southland. A sawmilling and bush district, 30 miles by rail from Invercargill; in Wallace County. Sawmills and post and telephone office. Doctor at Riverton.
ORAKIPAOA. Village settlement near Temuka.
ORANGI-KAUPAPA. A Native reserve near Wellington.
ORANCIMEA, Wellington. 42 miles from Wanganui, on the hank of the Waitotara River. Rail to Waitotara, then 18 miles road. Oil launch from Waitotara to Orangimea. Good fishing and shooting. Nearest telegraph Ngutuwera.
ORANGIPUKE RIVER. A tributary of Lake Brnnner.
ORANOA. Taranaki. A newly formed township in Taranaki land district.
ORARA. A portion of Ohinemutu, Rotorna.
ORARI, Canterbury. 19 miles by rail from Timaru daily; in Geraldine County. Is a post, telephone and money order office; the railway station for Geraldine, distant five miles, for which coaches start on arrival of trains. Is a farming centre, with good cycling roads and a hotel. Nearest Dr. at Geraldine, 5 m.
ORARI BRIDGE. On the Orari River bed, seven miles from Orari and three miles from Geraldine (nearest telegraph office, which see); then coach—7.15 a.m., returning 7 p.m., fare Is. Good shooting. Nearest Pr., Geraldine, 3.m.
ORARI GORGE. See Orari.
ORATIA. 13 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Waiknmete, thence two miles. Principal industries, fruit growing and vine growing. Many tons of fruit are sent from here annuallv to all parts of New Zealand. Nearest telegraph office Wailnimeto, 2 m ; on Oratia Creek. Nearest Or. at Avondale, 5 m.
ORAUTOHA. 84 ½ miles north-west from Wanganui. Steamer to Pipiriki (15s return), coach to Raetihi (10s), thence 7$ miles, sheep farming is principal industry. Good trout fishing. Nearest telegraph and post office Raetihi. 7 ½ m, where doctor is.
ORAWIA, 'Southland. A farming district, 47 miles from Invercargill. By rail to Otautau, then 15 miles hire; in Wallace County. On Orawia River, whence its name. Post, money order and telephone office. Good fishing, and plenty of game in season. Nearest doctor at Otautau, 15 m.
ORAWIA STREAM. Tributary Aparima. River.
ORDS, Southland. A railway siding 25 miles from Invercargill, on the Invercargill line. Limehills, half-mile distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
ORE ORE. In centre of Ohotoi Native block, 90 m north-east from Wanganni. By rail to Ohakune, coach to Raetihi, then horse 13 m. Nearest doctor at Raetihi, 13 m. Good shooting and fishing. Bad roads. Post office.
OREPUKI, Southland. Wallace County. A railway station 12 miles from Colac Bay and 43 miles north-west from Invercargill, via Riverton; fares, 7s 4d return, 3s 8d single; on sea coast; on the eastern shore of Te Wae Wae Bay. Gold mining (sluicing and driving) and farming settlement. Three hotels and private board. Conveyances run from here to Waiau River when required. Cycle roads fairly good in summer. Branch Banks N.Z. and National. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Splendid trout fishing in Waiau River. Resident doctor here. A deposit of shale covering a fair area exists here Orepuki is translated by some as "Crumbling cliffs," but the correct spelling is Ore-puke, meaning "to bore hills." Some' Maoris say that the ancient name was Aro-paki ("a bright expanse"). Orepuke is the name given in 1841 to Mr Halswell by the Maoris. It was named after a canoe which came to New Zealand from Hawaiki. Near Orepuke is a Native reserve for landless Maoris, named Tutapere.
OREREKURA. Tributary of Northern Wairoa.
ORETE POINT. 9 m from Waikaua Point, near Opotiki.
ORETI (formerly "Plains"). 24 miles from Invercargill. Rail to Winton, then five miles by coach (Is); in Southland County. Farming entirely. Level roads, and has one hotel, post, and telephone office. The Oreti River is a great trout fishing river, especially from Lumsden to Benmore. Nearest doctor at Winton, 5 m.
ORETI. See Dipton, by which name it is now known.
OREWA. Is a seaside resort and fruit-growing district, and is a very pleasant place to spend a quiet holiday, with good bathing, sea fishing, tennis, billiards, etc. It possesses a splendid beach and a good accommodation house. Reached either by direct steamer bi-weekly or to the Wade or Waiwera from Auckland, and thence by private buggy (about four miles), or by coach Friday, 8 a.m., arriving 1.30, returning Saturday 9.40 a.m. (5s single, 8s return) from Devonport, 23 m; in Waitemata County. Post and telephone office; sea fishing and rabbit shooting. Is 24 m north from Auckland
ORIENTAL BAY. A suburb of Wellington, facing the city, reached by electric car from city every few minutes. Fine esplanade, swimming baths, yacht and boat harbour. One of the best residential portions of Wellington. Good beach. Splendid cycle run past here to Evans Bay, Kilbirnie, etc. Telephone office.
ORIERI ISLAND. Small run of 700 acres in Pelorus Sound.
ORINGI. A railway siding 84 miles from Napier. Post office is Maharahara.
ORIMI, Auckland. 77 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Taupiri, thence coach 8 miles. Post and telegraph office. Has store and creamery.
ORINI RIVER. Runs almost parallel to coast, connected with Matata -and Whakatane- near Tauranga- Harbour.
ORINOCO, Nelson. 12 miles from Motueka and 24 miles from Richmond, nearest railway station. Coach runs daily from Nelson to Motueka, passing through the Upper Moutere, eight miles from Orinoco. Called after river of same name in South America. Post and telegraph office. Is 3 m from Motueka River. Nearest doctor at Motueka. 12 m.
ORIRA. See Umawera.
ORLANDO CREEK. Tributary of Waitahu River, near Reefton.
ORMA GLADE. See Miller's'Flat.
ORMOND, Poverty Bay. On the Waipaoa River, 10 miles by rail, or daily coach (2s 6d ret), from Gisborne. There is fair shooting, but no fishing. Roads good for cycling. Has one hotel, but no private hoarding: and the climate is very healthy. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Gisborne.
ORMONDVILLE, Hawke's Bay. A rising township. 66 miles south by rail from Napier- in Dannevirke County Post and telegraph and money order office. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Is supported by the farming district around: has good cycling roads, a dairy factory, and one hotel. Is on Manawatu River, and owing to high altitude is a great summer resort. Named after Hon. 3. D. Ormond, who owned the chief land. Population, 492. Good trout fishing in Manawatu R. Dr. from Norsewood. 4 m. visits M. and W.
ORONGO-ORONGO RIVER. Flowing into Cook Strait.
OROPI. On the Bay of Plenty, 1,000ft above sea level. 92 miles S. from Thames by steamer and 12 m (by coach Wednesday and Saturday) from Tauranga. Remarkable for its lovely fern forest close to the houses and for its fine dry, bracing air. Good trout fishing and deer stalking. Pont office. Nearest Tel and Dr. at Tauranga. 12 m. Coaches arrive 10.50 a.m. from Tauranga. Wed, Fri and from Rotorua (28 m) 2.30 p.m.
OROTERE. A hill in Kaeo Valley. Whangaroa.
OROTU LAKE Near Waiotapu Valley.
OROTA. Original county of which Feilding is chief town.
OROUA BRIDGE, Wellington. A dairy farming district, 90 miles by rail from Wellington. In Manawatu County. Has flaxmills and a post and telephone office. Nearest Dr. at Palmerston North, 10m. by telephone.
OROUA DOWNS, Wellington. Siding on the Foxton railway line. Telephone office. See Himataugi. which is the nearest post office.
OROUA RIVER. Small stream flowing into Manawatu River near Foxton
OROVILLE. See Whangapara.
OROWAITI RIVER. Falls into sea 2 m north of Westport.
ORTON, Canterbury. Known formerly as Canavan's; 32 miles north-east from Timaru. Rail to Rangitata, then seven miles; in Geraldine County A district of farmers, with good level roads : but not n township. Post office, but nearest telegraph office is Rangitata, seven miles. Is on the south bank of the Rangitata River, five miles from the mouth, and is a noted trout fishing place. Named after small town in England, the native place of the first settlers (1874). Mr John Airay. Nearest Dr. at Temuka, 10 m.
ORUA BAY, Auckland. 22 miles S.W. from Auckland. By fortnightly steamer from Onehunga, or oil launch weekly (4s 6d return). Mails arrive Saturday 1 p.m. and close 10 a.m. Saturday. Post and telephone office. Boarding house. Orua means "Whispering." Nearest Dr. at Waiuku, 20 m.
ORUAITI. The site of a famous Maori pa. See Seatoun.
ORUAITI. See Mangonui.
ORUANUI. 216 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, thence coach 44 in (25s). East Taupo County. Post and telephone office. Pheasant shooting and trout fishing. Nearest Dr. at Rotorua, 44 m. Name means "Place of Big Holes" from the strange holes seen here, no doubt formerly burning mud holes.
ORUAPU. Tributary of Northern Wairoa.
ORUATEWEHIA. 4 m from Galatea.
ORUAWHARO. See Takapau.
ORUAWHARO NORTH. See North Albertland.
ORU ORU, Auckland. 198 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, then coach to Poroti. thence horse; in Hobson County. A bush district. Name meant; spongy, or boggy ground. "Name now altered to Pakotai, on account of its similarity to drum. Pakotai now known as the post and telephone office, which see.
ORURU, Auckland. 189 miles north by weekly steamer from Auckland to Mangonui. thence coach (weekly) 5 miles; in Mangonui County, near Doubtless Bay. A farming and gum district. A post and telephone office. Pheasant, pigeon, and duck shooting. Mangonui 5 miles off. Doubtless Bay cable station within four miles, accessible by road. Supposed origin of name from Maori chief, during war. rallying his men mi hill at entrance of valley by calling out Ruru. Nearest doctor it Mangonui.
ORURU KOUKOU, Near Orepuki (Southland). Name means "The place of the owl.''
ORUTUA. River between Marahoa and Horowera. Waiapu Co.
ORWELL CREEK, Westland. 21 miles south-west from Greymouth and two miles from Ahaura River. Rail to Ahaura, then coach seven miles, which runs on Wednesday and Saturdays; fare. 2s 6d. Gold mining (tunnelling and sluicing). Has post office. In Grey County. Sawmilling is the principal industry. Good shooting and plenty of salmon trout fishing. Nearest telegraph office Ahaura, seven miles. Named after one Peter Orwell, an early miner resident. Nearest doctor at Blackball, 14 miles.
OTA CREEK, Otago. A railway siding 114 miles from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Invercargill line. Edendale, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Named after Otakau. the Maori name.
OTA CREEK. Tribituary Mataura River.
OTAGO DISTRICT. (See also Southland.) Otago is bounded on the north by Canterbury, on the south-east and south by the ocean, on the west and south by Southland, and on the north-west by the ocean to Big Bay.
In 1844. on the 31st July, 400,000 acres were bought from the, Maoris by the New Zealand Company for £3000. Clarke, Tuckett and Symonds signing the deed on behalf of the company, £2460 being paid in cash.
Otago proper, without Southland, measures about 160 miles from Milford Sound on the west coast to Waikouaiti Bay on the east coast, and the same distance from north to south. Its area is 9,004,800 acres.
The country generally is mountainous, the highest land being to the north-west, and culminating in Mount Aspiring, 9,960ft above the level of the sea.
The West Coast mountains are remarkably rugged and grand; and of the 13 sounds that pierce this coast, three are within the limits of Otago, the remaining 10 being on the west coast of Southland. These three are Milford Sound, Bligh Sound, and George Sound. Milford Sound, though only eight miles in length, contains some of the grandest scenery in the world: and 13 miles inland from its head is the great Sutherland Waterfall, 1904ft high, possibly the highest waterfall known. Bligh Sound is smaller than Milford, and not nearly so interesting; but George Sound is larger, and very picturesque.
A tourist track has been opened from the head of Te Anau Lake to Milford Sound, and a practicable track has also been formed from the north-west arm of the middle fiord of Te Anau Lake to the head of George Sound.
The largest rivers are the Clutha, Taieri, and Waitaki: the first-named drains Lakes Wakatipu, Wanaka, and Hawea; the last, Lakes Ohau, Pukaki, and Tekapo, in Canterbury. The largest lake in the Middle Island is Te Anau, lying chiefly in Southland.
The Clutha River is the largest in New Zealand, and is estimated to discharge over 1,000,000 cubic feet per minute. It has a rapid current, but is navigable for a small steamer for a distance of 40 miles. The Waitaki is not navigable. For 17 miles from its mouth the Taieri River is affected by tides, which run up one branch into the Waihola Lake, and up the other branch as far as Allanton. There is a small steamer on Waihola Lake, and another on the Taieri River at Henley. During the summer season excursion trips are run to the mouth of the river when required. The distance in each case is about eight miles. .
There are some considerable plains, the largest being the Maniototo Plains, the Idaburn, Manuherikia. and Upper Clutha Valleys. Their dimensions are approximately as follows: Maniototo Plains, length, 28 miles ; average breadth, 10 miles ; Idaburn Valley, 25 miles by 4 miles ; Manuherikia Valley, 35 miles by 4 miles ; Upper Clutha Valley, 33 miles by 5 miles. The Taieri Plain, nearer the coast, is about the same size as the Idaburn Valley, and is very fertile. Other plains are the Waitaki in the north, the Tokomairiro, the Strath-Taieri, the Tapanui, and the fertile Inch-Clutha lying between the two branches of the Clutha River. There is also a good deal of low country, consisting chiefly of rolling downs, on the south-west side of the Clutha near the sea.
A soft white building stone—the well-known Oamaru limestone— is found in large quantities aJong the railway line near Oamaru, whence a good deal is exported to other parts of New Zealand and to the neighbouring colonies. A similar kind of stone is found at Otekaike, about two miles from the railway station, and it may be interesting to note that 3,000 tons of this stone were sent from the Otekaike quarried to form the facings of the Melbourne Fish Market. A dense dark granite is also obtainable on Ruapuke Island.
Very excellent brown coal exists in various neighbourhoods, large quantities of which are used on the railways.
Good limestone is found at Oamaru, Otekaike, Otepopo, Wui&emo, Mnnidtoto Plains, Waikouaiti, Lower Harbour, Peninsula, Waibola, Milburn, and Wakatipu.
The climate of Otago varies greatly in different neighbourhoods. A Urge area of the interior of Otago has a dry climate. This area includes the Maniototo Plains, the Idaburn and Manuherikia Valleys, and extends to Lakes Wakatipu, Wanaka, Hawea, and Uhau on the west and north, «ad to the Waitaki River on the north-east. From Oamaru the direction would be across country to the Lammerlaw Ranges, and thence to Mount Beuger and the southern end of Lake Wakatipu. Wonderful results have been worked with irrigation on parts of hitherto dry and barren portions of Central Otago.
There are some fine fruit-growing districts in the valley of the Clutha, from below Roxburgh right up to Lake Wanaka. At Roxburgh and other places the summers are warm and dry and favourable to ripening common fruits. Apricots, peaches, etc., come to maturity fully a month before they do at Dunedin, and grapes will ripen in the open air in sunny spots.
Sheep is the great support of Otago, the wool exports being large and the export of frozen mutton keeps two freezing works going in the season. The woollen industry in Otago exceeds that in all the other districts of New Zealand taken together, their being four factories at work. Dairying is also carried mi to a very great extent.
Otago takes a good position in cheese and butter factories and creameries, and the export of cheese and butter is considerable.
Gold is found very generally distributed throughout the whole of Otago, but the principal localities are: Clutha Valley, Tuapeka, Shotover, Cardrona, Tinkers, St. Bathans, Mount Ida, Nevis, Bannockburn, and Maerewhenua. The total quantity of gold exported from Otago from 1857 to March 31, 1910, whs valued at over £28,200,000.
Otago is fairly well supplied with roads and railways. The main roads are in good condition, but the district or side roads are not of the best in winter. The railway starts from Port Chalmers and runs north to the borders of Canterbury, when it continues to Christchurch onwards. South it runs to Invercargill and Bluff, and northward also branch lines go through the interior to Lake Wakatipu, to Lawrence, and to Central Otago.
The chief town in Otago is Dunedin City, the capital of the province, which is surrounded by the suburban boroughs of West Harbour, North-East Harbour, Maori Hill. Roslyn. Mornington, Caversham, and St. Kilda. The chief towns going northwards are Port Chalmers (its chief port), Waikouaiti, Palmerston, Dunback, Naseby, Oamaru. and on the interior and southwards are Green Island, Mosgiel. Outram. Milton, Kaitangata. Balclutha, Gore, Tapanui, Kelso, Hyde, Middlemarch, Roxburgh, Cromwell, Alexandra, Clyde, Arrowtown. Queenstown (See also Southland.) The population of Otago, not including Southland, at the 1911 census was 158,723. The old whalers called Otakou "Otago," andthe word was adopted for the name of the place.
OTAGO HEADS. Situated at the extreme end of Otago Peninsula. 15 m N.E. from Dunedin. Situated on the rock is the Marine Department s lighthouse and signal station, also a Defence Department where a. detachment of the R.N.Z.A. is in charge of the batteries at the fort. There is also a gang of prisoners, who are employed on the defence works. Steamer runs from Port Chalmers to the Heads three time* a week—Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays. Good fishing two steam trawlers and a number of oil launches are employed daily catching fish for Dunedin and northern ports. Dairy-farming is the chief industry. Post and telephone office. Is the entrance to Otago Harbour. Nearest doctor at Port Chalmers, 7 in by boat. A fog-signal gun operates at the Heads and is heard about 5 m at sea. The upper part of Otago Harbour, opposite Dunedin. was called by Maoris Otepotu ("the place of the steep points"). Otago Harbour from the Heads to Dunedin is 13 miles long, the shores of which in 1848 were wooded to the water's edge. Very little of the beautiful forest now remains. In 1817 what is now called Otago Harbour was known as Port. Daniel. See also Otakou.
OTAHA. Hill 342ft overlooking Takou Bay, Auckland.
OTAHA. See Puerua.
OTAHU. See Eastern Bush.
OTAHUHU, Auckland. A favourite summer retreat and suburban district nine miles from Auckland City, situated on the narrowest part of N.Z. between the head of Manukau Harbour and Tamaki salt water river. Originally one of the four pensioner settlements planted by the Imperial authorities around Auckland for its protection. Coaches run three times daily each wav : fare Is 6d return : also by rail. River offers splendid facilities for yachting. Manure and acid, soap and candle, and milk preserving works here. Agricultural centre for the district. Dairying, etc. Roads fair for cycling. Government apple orchard of two acres. Post and money order office and savings bank. Otahuhu means "Ridge pole of a house," and named from a narrow ridge of land over which the Maoris used to haul their canoes from Manukau Harbour to Tamaki River. Isthmus here only three-quarters of a mile wide, and small vessels are sometimes taken across overland from Waitemata Harbour to Manukau Harbour, flood fishing. Freezing works at Southdown.
OTAHUKOKA. Point near Tikao Bay, Akaroa Harbour.
OTAHU RIVER. 2 m S. of Whangamata.
OTAHUTI, Southland. 19 miles north-west from Invercargill. Rail to Waianiwa (which is nearest telegraph office), thence ride or drive seven miles: Southland County. Good trout fishing and pigeon shooting. Named from stream near here. Nearest doctor at Otautau.
OTAIHANGA. See Paraparaumu.
OTAIHAPE. Now Taihape, which see.
OTAIKA. See Whangarei.
OTAIO, Canterbury. 15 miles south by rail from Timaru ; in Waimate County. A sheep and grain district: has a fine climate. Good level roads: but neither hotel nor accommodation. Has a post and telephone office. Is half a mile from sea coast, separated from beach by lagoon, over which splendid duck shooting is to he had. Named after River Otaio close by.
OTAIRI, Wanganui. Telegraph office.
OTAITAI BUSH, Southland. A railway siding 20 miles from Orepuki, on the Orepuki -Invercargill line. Riverton, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
OTAKAIA. Name now altered to Otokia, which see.
OTAKATRANGI. See Ruatangata.
OTAKARA. See Avon River.
OTAKARAMA. See Christchurch.
OTAKAEAMA. See Pukerau and Gore.
OTAKARAMA STREAM. Tributary Mataura River. 3 m from Gore.
OTAKAU. See Waianiwa.
OTAKEHO, Taranaki. 75 miles from Wanganui. By rail to Hawera, then 15 m by daily coach (5s 6d); on the coast near Manaia. Has a dairy factory and a cheese factory; good cycling roads: and a hotel; with post and telephone office. Good trout fishing. Nearest Dr. at Manaia, 4 m, by telph.
OTAKI, Wellington. On Otaki River. 47 miles north from Wellington by railway. Sheep, dairying, and agriculture; creameries. Eight trains daily. Excellent fishing in river; game, pig and goat hunting. Historical Maori church in township. Missionary station was established here in 1839 and it was here that Amihana, the son of the great fighting chief Te Rauparaha, was educated and went out to preach the Gospel to the Maoris in their native tongue. Roads fair. Private boarding at 20s per week: also several hotels, bank, churches (R.C., Wes. and Eng.), tri-weeklv newspaper; post, telegraph, and money order office. Many Maoris in district. An endowed Native college here: the original building, erected 1853, was destroyed by fire on March 10, 1903. Consumptive sanatorium, 1 ½ m. Beautiful beach, 1 ½ m. River Otaki, fordable in several places, runs past township, having two traffic bridges. Otaki Gorge near here offers good .scenery. Station is a little distance from town.
OTAKI GORGE. See Waihoanga.
OTAKI LAKES. About 1 ½ miles from Otaki.
OTAKI RAILWAY, Wellington. 47 miles north-east by rail from Wellington. Post and telegraph office. See otaki.
OTAKI RIVER. Rising in Tararua Ranges, falling into Cook Strait, near Otaki.
OTAKOU, Otago Harbour. 2 miles inside the Heads. Known also as Maori Kaik. The native name from which Otago was named. 5 miles from Port Chalmers by steamer on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday; or steamer to Portobello from Port Chalmers, then 5 m. In Peninsula County. A native settlement with school. Post and telephone office. Dairy farming is carried on. The road is suitably for cyclists, but there is no hotel. There is a creamery and a Maori church and a public school. Otakou means "red earth." To avenge the death of a chief Ti Pahi, who came to conquer from the north, his successor Rauparaha engaged with the master of a whaler to carry him here. Afterwards the master, named Stewart, induced the leading chief of Otago to come on board with his family, some of whom were instantly killed. Rauparaha, with Stewart and their party, then landed, and laying waste the settlements, killed every man, woman, and child they could find. The Otago chief, who was confined in the cabin fastened with a hook through his nose, seeing his daughter the victim of these monsters, killed her with his own hands. During the voyage back to Kapiti this old chief was murdered, and it is a fact that one of the ships coppers was in use for cooking human flesh, and that Stewart and his crew participated in the murders and preparations for, if not in, the feast. It was this chief Rauparaha who took1 part in the Wairau massacre of 1843.
OTAMA, Southland. 52 miles north from Invercargill. By rail to Otamita, then four miles; in Southland County. A farming district, with coal pits and post and telephone office. Nearest doctors at Riverton (8 m) and Gore (12 m) by telephone. On Mataura River.
OTAMA BRIDGE. See Otamita.
OTAMA RIVER. Near Kuaotunu.
OTAMARUKA. The site of an old Maori pa, near Tauranga on the coast.
OTAMAHIRAU. Tract of land, Mangonui district.
OTAMAKAPUA. Block of land near Fowler's.
OTAMAKITAI. 25 m S. from Thames. Rail to Hikutaia or Omahu, thence horse. Gum digging is the principal industry. Good shooting. Nearest telegraph office Omahu, 14 miles. Has a post office. All hilly kauri bush country. Wharekawa River and tributaries run through block Nearest Dr. at Thames, 25 m. Many Austrian gum diggers here.
OTAMATEA. A county in the North Island. County meetings held at Paparoa. Population about 2900.
OTAMATEA RIVER. In Kaipara district.
OTAMITA, Southland. A dairy-farmers district, 48 mile north by rail from Invercargill; in Southland County. With a dairy factory and post and telephone office. Is on the Mataura River. Nearest doctor at Gore. 8 miles.
OTAMITA STREAM. Tributary Mataura River at Mandeville.
OTANE, Hawke's Bay. A sheep-farming district. 35 miles eonth by rail from Napier. Patangata. Elsthorpe. Mangakuri, and Te Apiti coach leaves here Monday and Thursday, 10.40 a.m., returning Tuesday and Friday. One hotel; private board, 21s. Very good roads. Climate here very healthy, warm, and dry. Good shooting and fishing, on river. 7 miles off. Population, 268. Post, telegraph, and money order office, and savings bank. Name changed from Kaikora North, by which it was known for some time. Otane was the original name.
OTANERAU, Marlborough. 40 miles N.W. from Blenheim. Kail to Picton, thence steamer 22 miles (6s). On East Bay, in Queen Charlotte Sound. Good sea fishing. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor, Picton.
OTANEWAINUKU. Hill between Rotorua and Tauranga.
OTANGAUE STREAM. A tributary of Upper Mangatao Biver.
OTANGIWAI, Auckland. 178 miles S. from Auckland. Rail to Ongarue, thence coach daily to Mateire, then 6 miles horse. School, creamery, and sawmill. Farming. Post and telegraph office.
OTANGURU, Coromandel district.
OTANOMOMO, Otago. A railway siding five miles from Balclutha, on the Balclutha-Catlins River line; in Clutha County. A very fair agricultural and pastoral district, with a wide expanse of swampy land fit only for grazing purposes. A large quantity of flax on the swamps; while there is a flaxmill constantly at work. The post office for this place is uncertain, as many people get their letters from Balclutha, Romahapa, and Waitepeka, all within 5 m.
OTAPIRI. See Browns.
OTAPIRI GORGE, Southland. 32 miles north from Invercargill. Rail to Centre Bush, then hire seven miles ; in Southland County. Farmiiii; district, with post and telegraph office. It is 13 m from Winton. Flaxmill. Nearest doctor at Winton.
OTAPIRI STREAM. Tributary Oreti River, near Winton.
OTARA. Block of land on banks of Rangitikei River.
OTARA, Southland. A settled farmers' locality, 38 miles south-east from Invercargill. By rail to Waimahaka, then 11 miles horse; in Southland Co. Lighthouse (Cape Saunders), flax, sawmills, and dairy factory; with post and telephone office. Is bounded on the west by Toi Toi Bay, and on the south by the Pacific. The western half is open and the eastern half is forest, in which there is good pigeon shooting; also good trout fishing in the Tokonui Stream, which bounds the district on the north side. Nearest Dr. at Wyndham, 33 m.
OTARA. Situated near Auckland.
OTARA POINT. On western bank of Northern Wairoa.
OTARA RIVER. Discharges into the Opotiki eastwards.
OTARAIA. Sheep station near Martinborough.
OTARAIA, Southland. 51 miles N. from Invercargill. By rail to Pukerau, then 12 miles; in Southland County; near Mataura. A sheep station and farming district entirely; with a post and telephone office. Good trout fishing.
OTARAIA HILL. 1 m from Otaraia. Post office.
OTARAMA, Canterbury. 49 miles from Christchurch. On Midland railway. also post office.
OTARAMARAIA. Native settlement Lake Rotoiti.
OTARAWAO. A small inlet, with post and telegraph office, in Croixelles Bay, which see.
OTARI MOUNT (1960ft). On southern end of Tararua Range.
OTARAKARA. See Christchurch.
OTARERE, Auckland. 157 miles S.E. from Thames. Rail M Rotorua, thence steamer or motor to Whatane, thence coach 8 mile. Post and telephone office.
OTATARA, Southland. A suburb of Invercargill whose distinguishing feature is the exceptional richness of its land and the warm, genial nature of its climate. In Southland County. It is situated immediately opposite the City of Invercargill. Up till 1907 it could only be reached by a round-about route of some 7 miles from Invercargill, but last year a bridge was erected across the shallow waters of the Estuary from Invercargill to Dunn's road, on which was constructed a first-class tramway laid with 401b steel rails, fitted with the necessary equipment of steam engines and passenger and goods carriages. The length of the tramway line at present is 1 ½ m, but arrangements are now being made to construct it to the River Oreti, bridge this river, and then cross to the Ocean Beach, one of the finest seaside beaches in New Zealand. In addition to the exceptional fertility of its soil, Otatara has special scenic attractions. The River Oreti, some 20ft deep, and wider than the Wanganui River in the North Island, is a wonderful trout stream, and a great resort for sportsmen in the shooting season. Some 3000 acres have recently been subdivided into small farms and residential sites, and a large number of sew buildings are in course of erection. The tramway journey to Invercargill only occupies some-6 or 7 minutes. Has a post office, but nearest doctor and telegraph are at Invercargill. Name means "Green Point.'
OTARARAU, near Kaitaia.
OTARAWAO, Nelson. 30 m from Nelson by weekly steamer. Post and telephone office.
OTAKU. Range of mountains near Mareretu.
OTAU. See Clevedon.
OTAUA, Auckland. 40 m south-west from Auckland, rail to Pukekohe, coach to Waiuku. 13 m (3s), then 4 m; or steamer from Onehunga to Waiuku (4s single, 6s return). Is about halfway between Maioro and Waiuku. Large tract of swamp land, drained and cut up for sale about 14 years ago, now a flourishing settlement. Creamery, school, and public hall. Principal industry fattening and grazing cattle for. Auckland market. Is about three miles south-west from Waiuku Good roads. Good shooting. Otana Stream runs into Waikato River about seven miles from Waikato Heads. From Otaua settlement to Waikato River by water is about 2 m. Steam launches get right up to head of creek. Nearest tel Waiuku, 4 m, where doctor is.
OTAUAROA. See Queen Charlotte Sound.
OTAUIRA. Native settlement E. shore of Lake Rotorua.
OTAURU. Small stream near Shannon.
OTAUTAU, Southland. The centre of a timber and farming district; 31 miles north-west by rail from Invercargill, on the River Otatitau ; in Wallace County ; and is the county town. Has flour and saw mills, woodware and cordial factories. Good cycling roads. T\vi» branch banks and two weekly newspapers. Three hotels for boarding. Excellent trout fishing in two livers—the Aparima and the Otautau —and good pigeon, duck, and kaka shooting near at hand in season. The Waiau caves, within 18 in of here, are beautifully enamelled with lime, and stalactites project from the roof, and are well worth a visit. A coach rung twice a week (Wednesdays and Saturdays) to Waiau, and Saturday to Blackmount, returning on Monday. Population. 554. Post, telephone, and money order office. Resident doctor. Name means "Silent River." The town is steadily growing in size and importance.
OTAUTAU STREAM. Tributary Aparima River, near Otantau.
OTAWA. A hill near Te Puke Settlement.
OTAWHAO, About. 150 miles up the Waikato River. Once the site of a large Maori village, which contained a number of houses splendidly curved. Here was one of the earliest missionary settlements, under the charge of the Rev.J.Morgan and his wife. An early traveller records that in 1843 there was appearance of peace and happiness amidst the Natives, in strong contrast to the old fighting days when there were fearful cannibal feasts. See under Maoris.
OTAWHAO, Hawke's Bay. 63 miles south by rail from Napier (Kopua station); in Waipawa County. A sheep station and sawmilling district with few residents; with a post office, but the nearest telegraph station is Ormondville, three miles. Is on Manawatu Kiver Name means "Rough scrubby hush," and is the name of block of land on which place stands. Dr. at Norsewood, 3 ½ m.
OTAWHIRI. Small peninsula Whangaroa district.
OTAWHIWHI. See Athenree.
OTEAUHEKE. Hill near Onuku. Akaroa Harbour.
OTEHE. Bay in Akaroa Harbour.
OTEKAIEKE, Otago. A property acquired by Government on February 3. 1906, for closer settlement, and consisting of 29.925 acres. Was first owned by Mr.J. T.Taylor in 1856. 34 miles north from Oamaru by rail. Post and telegraph office, Government school for backward boys here.
OTEMATATA. Oamaru. Telegraph office.
OTEPOPO. Old name for Herbert, which see.
OTERAKIAMO. See Self Mount.
OTERAMIKA. See Mokotua.
OTERAM IKA GORGE. Seven miles from Woodlands. See Gorge road, its new postal name.
OTERANGI BAY. On Cook Strait. The new telegraph cable crossing Cook Strait starts from this point.
OTEREI RIVER. Rises in Maunguraki Mountains.
OTEHONGA. Tributary of Northern Wairoa River.
OTEWA. See Otorohanga.
OTIAHO. Tributary of Northern Wairoa River.
OTIAKE, Otago. 38 miles north-west by rail from Oamaru (Strachan s station); in Waitaki County. Fanning entirely, has good level roads, post and telephone office, but not a township. Was settled in 1879. Good trout fishing and good duck shooting. Situated on Waitaki River. Dr. at Kurow, 4 m. Name said to mean "Place to guard or keep."
OTIKERAMA, Southland. 46 miles north from Invercargill by rail. Farming. 2 m from Pukerau nearest post and telephone. Nearest Dr. at Gore (18 in) or Tapanui (16 m).
OTIKI POINT. Near Opotiki. with hill 1230ft high with a single tree on it.
OTIPUA, Canterbury. Six miles south-west by hire from Timaru in Geraldine County. A farmers locality, with good roads and post and telephone office. Timaru is 5 miles off. Pareora River two miles. The township is named Beaconsfield, but there being another post office of that name the Maori name of Otipua was retained. Doctor at Timaru.
OTIPUA. Point near German Bay, Akaroa Harbour.
OTIRA. Stream flowing into N. Wairoa River.
OTIRA GORGE, Westland. 51 m E. by rail from Greymouth; in Westland County. Post, telephone, and money order office. On the overland road from Christchurch to Hokitika, and famous for its wonderful wild and picturesque scenery. Two hotels. Pigeon shooting. Now known as Otira. Name means "Out of the sun" from the gorge being much in the shade. Doctor at Kumara. 40 m.
OTIRIA. 42 m rail from Whangarei.
OTOKIA. Otago. 19 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin; in Taieri Comity, on the Taieri River and main road to Milton and Balclutha. Is a farming district two miles from Henley. Has a good main road much used by cyclists; no hotel. Post and telephone office. Duck and pukaki shooting and trout fishing. Doctor at Mosgiel. 10 m. This place was formerly called Otakaia, and was one of the first settlements on the plain. A Maori pa formerly, the mound in Mr W. W. Palmer's paddock being the site. Name means "damp place." About the year 1825 a chief named Taki-anau, from Canterbury, settled here. Moeraki (to sleep in day time) Bush is also near Otokia. Was a very early settlement, and an accommodation house was built close to the Main road by William Adam in November, 1860. One of the first schools in East Taieri was built here.
OTOKO. Near Gisborne. Post, money order, and telephone office.
OTOKOTOKO POINT. Akaroa Harbour.
OTOMOA. See Aberfeldie
OTOMOHANA RIVER. Near Karamea.
OTONGA, Auckland. 110 m N. from Auckland. Steamer it Whangarei, then rail to Whakapara. then 3 m. In Whangarei County, An inland dairy farming locality near Hikurangi, with a post office j uk nearest telegraph office being at Hikurangi, 4 ½ miles distant. Is on the Whakapara, a tributary of the Wairoa. Ten miles from the Wairahi tidal creek at Whananaki. Shooting, Pheasants, quail, ducks and pigeons. There is also the timber industry and a little gum digging. Dr. at Hikurangi.
OTONGA EAST. Six miles from Hikurangi. See Otonga.
OTORAMA. Terminus Midland Railway line near Springfield.
OTOROA, Auckland. 180 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Whangaroa, then coach 12 miles. Is four miles from the coast. Whangaroa County. "Otoroa" means "To stay long," so called from the Maoris staying a long time at this place. Nearest telegraph office Kaeo, 6 in. Doctor at Kaeo.
OTOROHANGA, Auckland. On the Waipa. River. 114 miles south by rail from Auckland City. Sawmilling. Trout fishing and good pheasant shooting. Waitomo limestone caves reached by horse. Good roads for cycling. No hotels, only private boarding 25s per week. Country opened up. The Maori Council for King Country meets here. Post, telegraph, telephone, and money order office. One bank. Butter factory. Nearest doctors Te Kuiti, 12 in.
OTOTARA. Small bay on S. of Banks Peninsula.
OTTO RIVER. Tributary of Inangahua River, near Reefton.
OTUHOTO POINT. Near Waitata Bay, Pelorus Sound.
OTUHI. 110 miles south from Auckland. Steamer tri-weekly to Whangarei, thence hire 15 miles. Dairy farming district with a creamery. Good pheasant and pigeon shooting. Post office. Nearest telephone office Maungatapere. 6 m. Dr. at Whangarei.
OTUKAKAU. Hill near Lake Forsyth, Banks Peninsula.
OTUKERE CREEK. In Hokianga district.
OTUKIRIHAU. A bend of the Makakahi River, famous m the scene of many a fierce tribal fight among the Maoris.
OTUMAKOKORE. A stream of hot water 16 m 8. of Rotorua .
OTUNUI, Auckland. 176 in S. from Auckland. Rail to Taumarunui, then 9 m horse (rough track): or boat to Otunui 2 m walking. Scenery good. Roads bad. Post office, graph office and doctor at Taumarunui.
OTUREHUA, Otago Central. Formerly known as ROUGH RIDGE. 101 miles north-west from Dunedin by rail. Three coal pits and flourmill in settlement. Store and hotel Blackstone Hill, two miles distant. Climate good and bracing, being 4 miles distant from the highest township in Otago. Fishing and shooting of all kinds plentiful. In winter good curling and skating on large pond next the-railway station. Telephone, money order office, and savings bank. Doctor at St. Bathans. 15 m. Representative Maoris state that Oturehua is a very suitable substitute for Rough Ridge. Otu prefixed to Rehua means "a rugged promontory." Name means "a rugged, standing-place from which the commands of god Rehua might be given.
OTUREI. 1 m from Aratapu.
OTUTEREINGA. Point near Wainui Bay. Akaroa. Harbour.
OUE, Auckland. On Hokianga Harbour, 196 miles, north from Auckland. Steamer to Rawene, then seven miles, in Hokianga County. A small settlement of fanners, with a post office, but the nearest telegraph office is Omanaia, 3 m. Good pigeon and pheasant shooting. Doctor at Rawene, 7 m. To reach Oue by water from Rawene the steamer branches off from Omanaia River.
OUNUORA RIVER, Mercury Bay.
OURUHIA. 10 m north from Christchurch by rail (Chaney's Station). Post and telephone office. Farming district. Nearest doctor Kaiapoi, 4 ½ miles.
OUTRAM, Otago. 19 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin, in Taipri County. Two banks, post, telegraph, and money order office. Half-holiday held on Saturday. Good water supply. Outram is at the northern side of the Taieri Plain, and derives its support from the farming carried on around it. There are flourmills, a nursery, and stores. It forms the Outram town district, which has property to the capital value of £37,804, on which there is a farthing rate. Being on the Plain, the roads are level and good for cycling. Private boarding is obtainable, and there are two hotels. The streets are lit with electric light. Gained after General Outram. Resident doctor.
OVERDALE, Canterbury. A sheep-farming district, 39 miles south from Christchurch. By rail to Rakaia, then three miles, in Ashburton County. Post and telephone. Named after Oakley's farm here. Doctor at Rakaia, 2 m.
OVERFLOW. Junction of Buller and Orowaiti Rivers.
OVERTON, Wellington. A railway siding 132 m from Wellington, on the Taihape line. Rata, 4 m distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Called after a farm of F. Arkwright's here.
OWAIRANGI. Tributary of Northern Wairoa River.
OWAKA, Otago. Seaside holiday resort, 72 miles south by rail from Dunedin via Balclutha. Chief town in the Catlins River district. Excellent trout fishing in the Owaka and Catlin's Rivers; also good flounder spearing at mouth. A most picturesque settlement ; beautiful native bush, Devil's Blowhole, etc. Roads fairly good for cycling. No licensed hotel, but two large boarding-houses, charges moderate. Sawmilling, dairying, and farming chief occupations. Post, telegraph, and money order office. This place is visited by a large number of people during the summer. Owaka means "the place of boats," the rivers and sea being the only means of livelihood and commerce in the early days. The present site was formerly known as Quakerfield.
OWAKA VALLEY, Otago. 77 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Owaka, thence five miles. Clutha County. Mails bi-weekly. Is a farming district, with sawmills, and post and telephone office, but no store nor hotels.
OWANA. See Okupu.
OWARE CREEK. Tributary of Mataura, River, near Wyndham.
OWEN JUNCTION, Nelson. 60 miles from Nelson by biweekly coach (Tuesday and Friday). Is on small river named Owen, which joins the Buller three miles below here, its source being from Mount Owen. Place named because Owen Reefs road joins here. Once swarming with busy gold-miners (1882 to 1889), now given over to woodhens and rats. Good trout fishing and red doer stalking. Doctor at Murchison. 16 in. Post and telegraph office.
OWEN RIVER. Tributary of Upper Buller River.
OWERA CREEK. In Coromandel district.
OWETA. Native settlement near Tearai Bridge; Cook County.
OWHAIA STREAM. Tributary of the Makakahi River.
OWHANGO, Auckland. 191 in S. from Auckland by rail. Good shooting and fishing. Post and telephone office.
OWHAROA, Auckland. 31 miles cast by coach daily from Thames, fare, 10s; in Ohinemuri County, near Paeroa and Waihi. Has one hotel, fair roads in summer, and private boarding. Name means four long ways or roads, which refers to the old Thames to Tauranga mad crossing the Paeroa to Waihi road here.
OWHATA, Auckland. 250 miles north-west from Auckland; in Hokianga County. Timber is main support of this place, which was formerly called Rangiheke. It is situated on the Herekino Harbour at the entrance, and lies about five miles from Herekino township. It is also near the gumfields, stretching along west coast from Herekino Harbour to Ahipara. There are two ways of getting to this place—either via Hokianga or Mangonui. The way to get here via Hokianga, is by steamer from Auckland to Russell, thence coach to Hokianga then ferry from Opononi to Rangi Point, thence horseback via Mitimiti and Whangape, say 25 miles from Opononi (horse hire 7s 6d per day). Via Mangonui: Steamer to Mangonui from Auckland, thence coach to Kaitaia (fare 7s 6d). thence horseback to Herekino (fare 7s 6d per day). Roads bad. Mails arrive Wednesday, depart Tuesday. Post and telephone office. Good fishing. Owhata is Naitive name for railings or fences on which the Maoris dried their fish.
OWHATA. Native settlement on south shore of Lake Rotorua from whence Hinemoa is said to have swam over to her lover. Tutanekai, on Mokoia Island. See also Millennia's Bath and Mokoia Island.
OWHATURA. Native settlement, on H. shore of Lake Rotorua.
OWHIRO, Otago. Railway siding 12 miles from Dunedin ; on the Dunedin-Invercargill line. Mosgiel, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
OX BURN CREEK. On east side Rees River. 8 m above Glenorchy.
OXFORD, Canterbury. Has two railway stations, called East and West Oxford, one mile apart. Oxford is 41 miles north-west from Christchurch, on River Eyre and near Ashley River; with a creamery, and dairy farming and sawmilling industries. Waimakariri and Ashley Gorges and Mount Oxford bush scenery are attractive. Roads all excellent for cycling. Climate healthy, and good pastoral country. Two hotels and private boarding, branch bank, and post, money order, and telegraph offices. Splendid shooting and fishing within easy distance. Named in 1861 after Mount Oxford. Resident doctors.
OXFORD EAST. 40 miles north-west by rail from Christchurch. Dairy and sheep farming and the timber industry. Good rabbit shooting, also fishing. Post, telephone, and money order office. Savings bank. Resident doctor.
OXFORD FOREST. Native bush near Oxford.
OXFORD MOUNT (4392ft) Part of N. W. Range, near Oxford.
OXFORD NORTH. See Tirau.
OYSTER COVE. In Port Underwood.
OYSTER ISLAND. Is 40ft high, in Nagle Cove. Auckland district.