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Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand 1912 - M

MAARAMA. See Khandallah.
MABEL BUSH, Southland. Formerly a dense bush district, but now greatly cleared and utilised by farmers, and producing good crops. It is 13 miles north-east from Invercargill; in Mataura County ; three miles from Grove Bush and six miles from Woodlands. Rail to Woodlands, then hire six miles. No hotel or private boarding. Road suitable for cycling. Named after Mr Mabel, who owned a station in the early days. Post und telephone. Nearest doctor at Invercargill. 13 miles.
MABEL ISLAND. 1 m from Picton.
MA BEN ROAD, Taranaki. 51 miles north from Wanganui. Rail to Patea, thence 10 miles. Whenuakura is the nearest telegraph office. 7 m. Roads good for cycling in summer. Fishing and shoot­ing. On Patea River. No boarding. Nearest doctor at Patea, 10 m. Post office.
MACANDREW. Township on Mataura River. 4 m from Rivers-dale.
MACANDREW'S BAY. Situated on Otagp Peninsula, seven miles from Dunedin. Portobello bus passes twice daily. Named after Jas. Macandrew (Superintendent of Otago), who was an early settler here.
MACAULAY ISLAND. Kermadec Islands, which see.
McCLEVERTY MOUNT. 1000ft altitude on Tinakori Hills.
MCDONALD DOWNS, Canterbury. 63 miles north from Christchurch. Rail to Waikari, thence mail cart tri-weekly 13 miles (10s return). Mails arrive Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Nearest telegraph office is at Waikari. Sheep farming carried on. No hotel or store.
McDONALD'S. See Otira Gorge.
MACETOWN, Otago. A gold mining (quartz) township, 1,800ft above sea level, and 23 miles north from Queenstown ; in Lake County. Daily coach to Arrowtown (5s). mail cart from Arrow (2s 6d) bi­weekly. One hotel. Population township and mines about 250. Splendid mountain scenery here, two of the highest peaks—Soho and Advance Peaks—are about 6000ft high, and both are easily climbed. Called after a family named Mace. Telephone office. Nearest doctor at Arrowtown, 12 m.
MACKAY'S BLUFF. Near Wakapuaka. Named from James Mackay, who settled here in 1845.
MACKAY TOWN, Auckland. 23 miles south from Thames by coach daily. Nearest telegraph office Paeroa, 3 miles by rail. Called after the first warden at the Thames.
McKELLAES CREEK. Tributary of Waimea, 3 m from Riversdale.
McKELLARS CROSSING. Waimea line, 6 m from Lumsden.
McKENZIE. Settlement 8 m S. of Pahiatua.
McKENZIE. Is the township of the settlement of Cheviot, and known as Cheviot, which see. Post office. Named after the Hon. John McKenzie, Minister of Lands in 1894.
MACKINTOSH BAY. Small bay on N. of Banks Peninsula.
McKERROW GLACIER. Near Mount Cook, Southern Alps.
McKERROW LAKE. On Greenstone Saddle, near Lake Howden.
McLAREN PEAK (2840ft). Pelorus Sound.
McLEAN'S, Canterbury. A railway siding six miles from Waimate. On the Waimate-Waihao Downs line. Waihao Forks, two miles distant, is the nearest post office. The name of M'Lean's is now changed to Pukeraruhe, which see.
MACLEANS CREEK. Tributary of Coal Creek.
McNAB JUNCTION. 3 miles from Gore. Waikaka railway line branches off here
MACQUARIE. See Port Macquarie.
McRAE LAKE. 8 m S. of Molesworth. Underground outlet.
MACRAES FLAT, Otago. 63 miles north from Dunedin. Rail to Dunback, then coach 14 miles, which meets train tri-weekly—Mon., Wednesday, and Friday—12 miles, fare 7s 6d. Sheep-farming and gold-mining settlement. Two hotels and private board. Post, money order, telephone, and savings bank offices. Good hare shooting. Named after a Scotch shepherd who was here before the gold rush. Nearest doctor at Palmerston, 25 m.
MAEREWHENUA (West). Old name for Livingstone, which see. 35 m N.W. from Oamaru, and a post and telephone office. Rail to Tokarahi, then three and a-half miles. Is now the name of a mining district five miles from Livingstone. On the Maerewhenua River. The name means "Land of Maere," a Maori sea-god, and old Maori ovens and tools are frequently found here. Plenty of hare shooting and good trout fishing. Gold mining (sluic­ing). Nearest doctor at Ngapara. 9 miles. Good level roads.
MAEREWHENUA, Oamaru. On Maerewhenna River. Part of Maerewhenua estate, 24 miles north-west from Oamaru. Rail to Bortons (which is the railway station for the estate). It is 7 miles from Maerewhenua West and 4 miles below Duntroon. Farming settlement. Good roads. No accommodation.
MAGNET BAY, Auckland. Named from a vessel (Magnet) wrecked there in 1836.
MAGNET BAY, Banks Peninsula.
MAHAKIPAWA, near head of Pelorus Sound. Reached by coach to Grove (2 miles off) via Havelock or Picton. Post, money order and telephone office and hotel. See also Cullensville. Nearest doctor at Havelock, 7 miles.
MAHAKIRAU. Goldfield near Whitianga.
MAHAKIRAU. See Whitianga.
MAHARAHARA, Hawke's Bay. A pastoral district, 86 miles south-west by rail from Napier. In Waipawa County. A post and telegraph office. Kiritaki and Maharahara West are distant four miles further on. The meaning of the word Maharahara is “Jumble." Railway station is three miles from the post office. Good trout fishing, also pheasant shooting obtainable.
MAHARAHARA EAST. See Kiritaki.
MAHARAHARA WEST, Hawke's Bay. 92 miles south-west from Napier. Rail to Matahiwi, thence four miles. Dairy farming district. Creamery. Nearest telegraph office Maharahara, four miles off. Post office; mails tri-weekly. Copper mining 3 m off.
MAHAU, Marlborough. A sheep-farming district, 36 miles south by coach from Blenheim, also steamer weekly (2s 6d) from Have-lock. Post and telephone. On an arm of Pelorous Sound. Nearest doctor at Havelock, 10 miles.
MAHENO, Otago. Nine miles south by. rail from Oamaru, in Waitaki County; on Kakanui River. Fellmongery, wool scouring. Trout fishing. Good cycling roads. Private accommodation. Tele­graph, money order, and savings bank offices. Name partly Maori and partly English, but understood to mean " Maori daughter.” Nearest doctor at Herbert, 4 ½ miles. ;
MAHENO BAY. See Day's Bay.
MAHEW ISLET. S.E. end of Kapiti Island.
MAHI, Wellington. 49 miles from Wanganui. Take rail to Greatford. then coach four miles (Is 6d). It is nine miles from Bulls, which is the nearest telegraph office. Entirely a sheep and grain district. Name means " to work." Doctor at Bulls.
MAHIA, Hawke's Bay. A sheep station district, 103 miles north from Napier, in Wairoa County, and 30 miles from Wairoa township. Conveyance either by steamer or driving the whole way. Name means "Sound."
MAHIAKONE. Maori name for Masterton.
MAHIKARAU RIVER. Flows into Mercury Bay.
MAHINAPUA. See Hokitika.
MAHINAPUA LAKE. 7 m S. of Hokitika.
MAHINEPUA. Or Stephenson's Island. Whangaroa Bay.
MAHINEPUA BAY. Near Mongonui.
MAHITAHI, Westland. A small gold mining and sheep district, 133 miles south from Hokitika; by steamer to Brace Bay, then 6 miles., route for horse only. In Westland County. Plenty of shooting close at hand. On Mahitahi River. Chief industry, farming. Nearest; doctor at Ross, 108 miles. Post and telephone office. Name means "single hand."
MAHOE, Taranaki. A dairy-farming and cattle-grazing district, 34 miles south-east from New Plymouth and 8 miles from Stratford. Rail to Stratford, then coach daily 8 miles (2s). In Stratford County. There is a good creamery here. Post office and telephone bureau. Nearest doctor at Kaponga,. 4 miles.
MAHOENUI, Taranaki. On the Awakino River, 75 miles from New Plymouth. Rail to Waitara, steamer to Mokau, then by road 23 miles or 160 miles S. from Auckland by rail to Te Kuiti, then coach 34 miles. On the Main Auckland-Taranaki road. Beautiful scenery, good shooting and trout fishing. Named "Mahoenui" on account of large white wood trees here; mahoe meaning white wood tree, and nui, large. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Te Kuiti. 32 miles.
MAHORA. 14 miles south-west from Napier. Rail to Hastings, thence two miles. Canning and dairy factories. Hotel accommoda­tion. Roads good for cycling. Name means "divided." Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Hastings, 2 miles.
MAHUNGA, Canterbury. Telegraph office.
M AH U RANG I, Auckland. Six miles from Kawau and seven from Waiwera, Popular picnic and yachting resort for Aucklanders. Hydraulic lime works here. Name of district and harbour, post office for which is Te Kapa. Half holiday on Saturday. Steamer bi-weekly from Auckland.
MAIDEN FLAT CREEK. Near Jollie Range, in Southern Alps.
MAIMAI, Westland. A railway siding 41 miles from Greymouth, on the Greymouth-Reefton line. Reefton, six miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
MATMAI RIVER. Tributary of Little Grey River. MAIN A, Auckland. Telegraph office.
MAIORO, Auckland. A quiet farming district 45 miles south west from Auckland City, in Manukau County. Take rail to Pukekohe, then 15 miles riding or walking. It is 8 m from Waiuku, which is the nearest telegraph station. No hotel or boarding. Roads not good. Post office is at Otaua, 3 m off. About three Europeans and four Maoris are only residents here.
MAIR, Auckland. A railway siding four miles from Opau, on the Whangarei-Whakapara line. Whangarei, one mile distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Named after Mair, who owned the section on which railway station now stands.
MAIRE, Mongonui County.
MAIROA. 150 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti, thence mail cart 24 miles. Roads good in summer time. No accommodation. Post and telegraph office. Name means a cooked dish of shell fish from the beach, made up like cheese, boiled, and kept a long time. Nearest doctor at Te Kuiti, 24 miles.
MAITAI VALLEY, Nelson. Fertile valley comprising the estate known as " Woodlands," well sheltered and lying well to the sun. Formerly called Beckman's valley, after original pioneer. Ideal sheep country. 2i m from Nelson by coach on good level road. Valuable bush area in back ranges, mostly maitai—hence its name. Abundant water supply, streams being in every valley. Dairying and fruit-growing to a small extent.
MAIRTOWN. See Whangarei.
MAITAHI, Auckland. A railway siding nine miles north from Dargaville, on the Dargaville-Kaihu line. Maropiu (four miles) is the nearest post office, which see.
MAITLAND. See Waikaka Valley.
MAKAHIKATEA. Hill close to Pahiatua.
MAKAHU, Taranaki. 56 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Raik to Te Wera, thence mail coach bi-weekly (Monday and Friday) 8, miles. ..Name means "white, hawk." Telephone and post office. Nearest doctor at Stratford, 25 miles.
MAKAIRO GORGE. Near Makairo, in Makairo Valley.
MAKAIRO RIVER. Post and telegraph office. Tributary of Tiraumea River. See Makairo.
MAKAIRO, Wellington. 117 miles west from Napier, in Pahiatua County. May be reached either from Napier or Wellington by taking rail to Mangatainoka, then by horse 8 ½ miles. Post and telephone office. A farming district entirely, on the Makairo Stream, which teems with trout. The notable Makairo Gorge is unsurpassed for scenery. 10 miles from Pahiatua. where nearest doctor is.
MAKAKAHA. Small stream near Gladstone.
MAKAKAHI. See Kononi.
MAKAKATI RIVER. Rises in Tararua Ranges. Fine trout stream.
MAKANAE. See Cabbage Bay.
MAKARA, Wellington. On the sea coast; 8 m N.W. from Wellington by train and coach; near Terawhiti. A farming1 district and summer resort. Good roads for cycling through Karori, but hilly about here; a stream running through the valley has beautiful clear water, and abundance of fish. Good shooting. Mails tri-weekly. Post and telephone office. Electric tram to Karori, then coach 3 miles. Is the chief town of the county of same name.

MAKARAKA, Poverty Bay. Four miles from coast, on Tareheru River, and four miles from Gisborne by rail. Several daily coaches to and from Gisborne (1s), and for Muriwai on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday at 10 a.m.; while for Ormond they run daily at 10 a.m. Sheep and farming. Freezing works. Good roads for cycling. Has one hotel, but no private boarding establishments. Post and telephone office.
MAKARAU, Auckland. A small settlement 48 miles north from Auckland by rail (station two miles off). Kaukapakapa, five miles distant, is the nearest telegraph office. A road through to the West Coast has recently been formed here. Trout fishing. Is on the Makarau River. Name means "Place of a thousand loves."Nearest doctor at Helensville, 14 miles. Post and telephone office.
MAKARETU HILL. Near Pahiatua.
MAKARETU STREAM. Tributary of Mangahao River.
MAKARETU, Hawke's Bay. 61 miles north-west from Napier. Rail to Takapau. then daily coach 14 miles (2s 6d). At the foot of Parkis Peak, the highest point in the Ruahine Ranges. Mountaineering parties make their departure from Makaretu. February and March are the best months for the ascent. Dairy and sheep-farming, and sawmilling. Good fishing and shooting. Within three miles by good road of the favourite hunting country of Hawke's Bay. Coursing good, hares being plentiful. Here, on 25th November, 1868, 18 Maori rebels, and on 3rd December, 37 rebels, all under Te Kooti, were killed. Maori legend gives this as the settling place of the first Maoris, 20 generations ago, coming by the canoe Arawa. Post, telephone, and money order offices. Nearest doctor 26 m off. Was originally settled as a Scan­dinavian immigrants village in 1872.
MAKAREWA, Southland. One mile from Makarewa River and 6 miles north from Invercargill by rail or coach. In South­land County. Brick and pipe works, and freezing works. Trout fishing in the river. Fair roads for cycling. Has no hotel, but private boarding. The bush litre and river and township named from Maoris, who, baiting for eels, found, after a storm, their hooks floating on the surface of the water, and named it Makarewa, meaning "Floating hooks." Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Invercargill. 6 m.
MAKARORA, Otago. A sheep station district entirely. At the very head of Lake Wanaka ; 230 miles north-west from Dunedin. Take rail to Lawrence, then coach (bi-weekly) ; fare, 50s to Pembroke ; then weekly steamer 40 miles, fare 12s 6d. In Vincent Comity. Post and telephone office. Pembroke is 35 miles off. This district is a valley at the head of Lake Wanaka. The Makarora River runs the whole length of it, and is situated about 15 miles from the Haast Saddle—the lowest in the Southern Alps—and which may be crossed by experienced horsemen almost at any time, and the journey made to the West Coast at the mouth of the Haast. The scenery in this district is grand, the chief attraction being the numerous waterfalls, especially in the Albert and Wilkin Valleys, and the bush. There is plenty of shooting to be had, paradise ducks and pigeons being plentiful. Deer also have been seen on the mountains. Flax and saw milling. Nearest doctor at Pembroke, 35 m.
MAKARORA WHARF. Post and telegraph office at head of Lake Wanaka. See Makarora.
MAKATOTE, Auckland. 219 m S.W. from Auckland, on Main Trunk railway. Site of large viaduct.
MAKAURI. Six miles west from Gisborne by rail or daily coach (Is 6d). Accommodation, 16s per week. Excellent roads. Post and telephone office.
MAKEIKEI RIVER. Known as Coal Creek. Flows into the Pohangia River.
MAKERIKERI RIVER. Tributary of the Ashley River, Can­terbury.
MAKERUA (Makuarua), Wellington. A railway siding; 72 miles north from Wellington. On Main Trunk line. Shannon, 3 miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Maori word Makuarua means two monkeys.
MAKERUA SWAMP. See Makerua.
MAKETAWA, Taranaki. 19 m S. from New Plymouth (Dur­ham Road Flat), on river of same name, flowing from Mount Egmont chiefly snow waters. The Ngaloro, Ngatoroiti, Ngatoronui, Rakau, and Maketawa Rivers within 1 m. all stocked with trout. Dairying district. Good roads for motors and good bridges. Name means "where the tawa grows." Butter factory. Nearest post office, tele­phone, and doctor at Inglewood. 2 miles.
MAKETU, Auckland. 107 miles south-east from Thames. At the mouth of the Kaituna River, in the Bay of Plenty. By train to Rotorua. thence by coach to Paengaroa. and thence buggy 5 miles to Maketu ; or by steamer to Tauranga and coach to Maketu. An old Native district now settled and occupied by farmers—Europeans and half-castes. One hotel; no private boarding. Roads not good for cycling. Has post, telephone, and money order office. The soil here is of sand­stone and black pumice, of rich character, and more or less volcanic. All the land is good and the settlers well-to-do. During the Maori rebel war, on April 22, 1864, 93 rebels were killed and wounded here. 800 Hau Hau Maoris were entrenched on the sandhills and 200 Imperial troops with 600 Arawa Natives opposed the Hau Haus, but the troops had to retire. Deep sea and trout fishing, also native game shooting. Nearest doctor at Tauranga, 28 miles. Post, telegraph, and money order office. About a mile distant are hot springs, with waters of great curative properties in skin diseases.
MAKIKIHI, Canterbury. 18 miles south by rail from Timaru; in Waimate County. Amidst good agricultural land. Roads level and good. Has one hotel; and private boarding might be obtained from the farmers around. A post, telegraph, and money order office; and is entirely a farming district. Name means " disappearing water."
MAKING, Wellington. A dairy-farming settlement, 101 miles north-west from Wellington by rail, in Manawatu County. Cheese and butter factory here. Good roads. Nearest accommodation at Feilding, two miles off. Waituna coach passes to and fro daily. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Feilding, 2 miles. Makino Stream flows into Oroua River.
MAKIRIKIRI, Wellington. On the Wanganui River; seven miles north from Wanganui township by coach leaving there about 4 p.m. daily, returning 10 a.m. ; fare, 3s return. Steamer also runs twice weekly in summer and once in winter; 2s return. Sheep district. Roads very good for cycling. In Wanganui County. Has an English church, school, post, money order, and telephone office, and creamery. Formerly called Upokongaro. Good herds of fallow deer in district, and trout in river.
MAKOHINE. See Ohinegaiti.
MAKOMAKO, Wellington. 114 miles north from Wellington City; in Pahiatua County, and eight miles from Pahiatua, for which take rail, then horse. Dairying and sheep-farming district, with creamery, post and telephone office. Named after the makornako or vineberry scrub that grows here. Trout fishing. Lignite of good quality has been found here and promises to become an important industry.
MAKORA. Suburb of Masterton.
MAKOTUKU, Hawke's Bay. 68 miles south by rail from Napier, in Waipawa County. A post, telegraph, and money order office. Has two hotels. Brickmaking and sawmilling carried on. Roads good for cycling. No private boarding. Meaning of Makotuku is "white crane."Trout fishing. Dairying district.
MAKOURA. Settlement in Feilding district.
MAKOWHAI. 122 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Foxton, thence steam tram 16 m to Sanson tri-weekly (4s return), then 2 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Sanson. 2 m. Nearest doctor at Rongotea, 4 ½ m.
MAKUARUA. See Makerua.
MAKU, Wellington. 147 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua then daily coach 39 miles, tri-weekly in winter. Post and telegraph office. Mails twice weekly. Name means "wet." Nearest doctor at Weber, 17 miles. Situated about 25 miles from Aohanga on the east coast by formed track and dray road. The bush is suitable for milling purposes, being mostly rimu, matai, white pine, and totara. Sheepfarming and dairying are the principal occupations of the settlers. Good shooting obtainable, the bush abounding with native game. Fishing is to be had in the streams, but trout See Makerna.
MAKURI, Wellington. On Makuri River, 118 miles north from Wellington, in Pahiatua County. Rail to Pahiatua, then 20 miles by daily coach (running to and fro to suit trains) ; fare, 5s and 9s return. Good fishing for Rainbow trout in river, which is much visited by anglers. Makuri Gorge worth visiting. Very good roads for cycling. Has private boarding from 25s to 30s per week. A rising township the first settlers being here in 1890. It is the centre of four main roads—one leads to Pahiatua, a second to Dannevirke, the third to Woodville. and the fourth to Aohanga on the East Coast. Post, telephone, and money order office, hotel, but no boarding house. The land is of first-class quality, though of a hilly nature. It is of limestone formation, and carries 2 ½ sheep to the acre when in grass. Makuri Gorge celebrated for beautiful scenery, Makuri River being a tributary of the Tiraumea River.
MAKURI VALLEY. Between Pahiatua and Makuri.
MALACHAN'S, Otago. Formerly a digging township, but now a successful farming district, in Lake County; 116 miles west by rail and steamer from Invercargill. Take rail to Kingston, then steamer to Queenstown, then drive eight miles. Roads too hilly for cycling. Has no hotel or private boarding. Was also called Miller's Flat. Trout fishing. Named after an early miner. Telegraph office Queenstown (7 miles), or Arrowtown (5 miles), where doctor is. Postal name now changed to Wharehuanui.
MALTON. Farm settlement near Woodville.
MALVERN. Now called Annat, which see; also South Malvern.
MALVERN DOWNS. Near Hororata, Canterbury.
MALVERN HILLS. Near Glentunnel, Canterbury.
MAMAKU, Auckland. Railway flag station, 14 miles from Rotorua. Sawmills, and post, telephone, and money order office. A bush village settlement, 1888ft above sea level; the centre of rimu sawmilling industry. The highest railway station in New Zealand. Waterfalls, caverns, chasms, and deep gorges make it a splendid tourist resort. Tuis, kaka, bell-bird, and pigeons plentiful, and streams and lake recently stocked with trout fry for the future. Named from a tree fern growing in profusion here. Nearest doctor at Rotorua, 14 miles.
MANA ISLAND. A small island off the west coast of Wel­lington. Known also as Table Island and is 440ft high by 1 ½ m long and half a mile wide. This island is exactly opposite what was once. Taupo pa. 5 miles from shore. A strong stockade existed, erected after the Wairau massacre, as a place of retreat.
MANAIA, Taranaki. 69 miles west from Wanganui and 2 miles from the coast. Rail to Hawera. thence by coach 10 miles daily (3s 6d), and to Opunake 20 miles distant 6s 6d. A great cattle-raising and dairying district. Has four dairy factories in the neighbourhood ; splendid pastoral country, with good soil and grass. There is good duck, pheasant, hare, and quail shooting, while deer are about to be liberated in Mount Egmont; trout fishing is also good. The roads are good for cyclists. Private board is obtainable, and three hotels with moderate charges. Has two banks, tri-weekly newspaper, and post, telegraph, and money order offices. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Taranaki generally, and the Waimate Plains in particular, are full of interest to anyone who cares to visit the scenes of some of the most severe struggles between the Native race and the Europeans. In the centre of the township of Manaia is a monument in the shape of an obelisk of red granite erected to the memory of those killed in the Maori War of 1866-67, giving the names and rank of those who died for their country. Some six miles from Manaia another monument is erected to mark the spot where Major Von Tempsky, one of New Zealand's greatest heroes, fell. At the mouth of the Inaha stream, four miles away, is a Maori pa memorable for having been bombarded by an English man-of-war, and where a white woman was retained as a prisoner by the Maoris for two years. Population, 447.
Fourteen miles from Manaia the foot of Mount Egmont is reached, and the gradual ascent begins and continues for eight miles ; but so easy is the grade that it is scarcely noticed. Mount Egmont, as seen from Manaia, is a simple cone rising out of the plain ; capped with snow in the winter, but nearly clear in the summer. See Mount Egmont for reference as to route, etc; also for description of the mountain.
Manaia takes its name from an influential chief, now dead, who once resided here. Resident doctors. Is lit by electricity.
MANAIA. Bay and harbour on Coromandel Harbour. With Maori settlement at head of bay.
MANAIA. Suburb of Masterton.
MANAKAU, Wellington. A rising sheep-farming and settlers' district 52 miles north by rail from Wellington ; in Horowhenua County. Has a hotel and a branch bank; flax and timber mills. Roads are suitable for cyclists. No private boarding, but has a post, tele­phone, and money order office.
MANAKAU HARBOUR. See Manukau.
MANANUI. Railway siding, 5 miles from Hokitika, on the Rossi line.
MANAPOURI, Otago. On the shores of Lake Manapouri, 103 m N.W. from Invercargill. Rail to Lumsden, thence coach 50 m, Wed. and Sat. 11 a.m., arriving Manapouri -7.30 p.m: return Tues and Fri. 5.45 a.m., arriving Lumsden 3 p.m; 25s single and 40s return. Manapouri is 13 miles by coach from Te Anau and 18 miles from Key of Lakes Hotel, Mararoa. The s.s. Manuere plies on Manapouri Lake (the depth of which is 1458ft—216ft more than Wakatipu) to north and south arms, lake head, Beehive, Waiau River, Channel Islands, Safe and Surprise Coves, Kelpie's Port, etc.; round trip 25s, foot to head 15s. Accommodation house charges 8s to 10s per day. Offers abundance of trout-fishing sport. Plenty of shooting—ducks, kakas, pigeons, swans, etc; wild cattle from one to 10 miles away by walking, boat, or steamer. The roads are good for cycling in summer months only. Name incorrect: Maori is " Manawapouri " ("Lake of Sorrowing Heart "). Called also " Moturau" ("Rainy Lake"). Post and telephone office. Nearest Dr. at Lumsden. 50 m. The lake is 861ft below sea level and is the deepest lake in N.Z.
MANAROA, Marlborough. 14 miles north-east from Picton by boat ; on an arm of the sea; in Sounds County. Occupied entirely as a sheep station; no hotel, but good roads. Mount Stokes, 4000ft high, may be reached from this place, being the Pelorus side of it. Post and telephone office. Name means "Long Flat." Nearest doctor at Picton, 14 m.
MANAWA. See Tenui.
MANAWAIA BAY. An inlet of Bay of Islands.
MANAWAORA, Auckland. 155 miles north-west from Auck­land. Steamer or coach to Russell, then steam launch 8 miles. On Manawaora Bay, and formerly a favourite Maori camping; ground. Farming. Post office and telephone.
MANAWARU, Auckland. 115 miles by rail to Te Aroha, thene five miles by road west side of Waihou River. Plenty duck and trout. Has a butter factory. The land has recently been cut up into dairy farms, and the swamp drained. Name means "Big or brave heart. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Te Aroha, 5 miles.
MANAWATU. Farming district, of which Palmerston North is centre.
MANAWATU GORGE. Bisecting the Tararua and Ruahine ranges, between Ashurst and Woodville. forming a natural outlet for the Manawatu River. Gorge is one of the famed beauty spots of N.Z.
MAXAWATU HEADS. Telephone and post office. Pilot station for Foxton, which see.
MANAWATU RIVER. Rises in Ruahine Ranges, near Norsewood. Hawke's Bay, and runs in a tortuous course through Manawatu Gorge to the sea at Foxton. Good trout stream.
MANCHESTER. Tract of land, including town of Feilding (which see), settled by emigrants by Colonists' Co., of which the late Duke of Manchester was chairman.
MANDEVILLE, Southland. 50 miles north-east by rail from Invercargill, situated close to Otamita, Waimea, and Mataura Rivers. Sheepfarming. flourmill, and rabbit, exporting. Good duck shooting and trout fishing close to township. Good roads for cycling. One hotel; no private board. Post and telephone. Doctor at Riversdale. 7 miles.
MANDEVILLE NORTH, Canterbury. A railway siding 21 miles from Christchurch, on the Christchurch-Oxford line. Ohoka, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
MANGAATUA. See Papatawa.
MANGAATUA RIVER. Tributary of Manawatu River in Ruahine Ranges. Stocked with trout.
MANGAERE. See Huiakama.
MANGAHANEA. Native village near Tuparoa.
MANGAHAO, Wellington. A farming district, 114 mil«s north from Wellington by rail to Pahiatua. then 3 m coach. Post and telephone office. Roads fair; but no hotel or private boarding. On the Mangahao River, a tributary of the Manawatu, in which is good trout fishing. Railway station. 3 m off.
MANGAHARAKEKE. Stream running into Waikato River.
MANGAHAUENIE RIVER. Runs into Tokomaru Bay, Waiapu County.
MANGAHEI, Hawke's Bay. 101 miles south-east from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, thence coach 13 miles. Roads good for cycling.. Mails arrive Monday and Thursday, and depart same days. Pastoral district. Post and telegraph office. Mangatoea and Maungahei Streams here full of trout. Nearest doctor at Dannevirke, 13 miles. Name' means "black bird."
MANGAHOE. A creek near Kihikihi.
MANGAIA, Cook Islands. One of the largest of the annexed islands, being about 30 miles in circumference, and having an area of some 30 square miles. It is somewhat peculiar in structure. At a short distance inland from the shore there rises an almost per­pendicular wall of dead coral, about 100ft high, as if the reef of earlier days had been lifted bodily by some convulsion of nature. This Makatea. as it is called, runs right round the island, and is the lip of an ancient crater of vast extent. In the centre rises a barren hill of volcanic clay, called the crown of Mangaia, about 600ft high. (The Native name is Rangimotia. Between this and the Makatea are the low-lying rich lands, where the taro, for which the island is famous, and bananas are cultivated: The surface of the Makatea consists of masses of rough coral rock, interspersed with patches of volcanic soil, where kumaras, yams, coffee, oranges, limes, etc., grow to perfection. The lime groves are particularly extensive, and much limejuice is made, bat not a quarter of the fruit utilised. Since the establishment of the Island Council, under the presidency of the Resident Agent, the exports of the island have greatly increased. Last year the steamer called every month, and over 2300 tons of produce were sent away. Some of the rock formations of the island are wonderful and picturesque. The Makatea abounds in extensive caves, with beautiful stalagmites and stalactites. Perforated by numerous caves and crevices, which in olden times were used as depositories for the dead, etc. The top of the Makatea averages about a mile in width, and is well adapted to the growing of the citrus family of fruits. The interior of the island, which contains some good valleys, is well watered. Much land awaits cultivation. Mangaia produces the best coffee in the group at present. The reef which encircles the island at a short distance from the shore is without an opening, and communication between the island and outside can only be obtained by crossing the reef in Native canoes. Steps being taken to make passage through the reef. Monthly steamer from Auckland except January. Population about 1550, mostly natives, and 18 Europeans. No doctor nearer than Rarotonga, 108 miles. The name first applied by Captain Cook, who during, his visit to this island in 1777 inquired its name ; the natives, thinking he referred to the most powerful man, said, "No te Aei te Mangaia.'', Cook took Mangaia to be the name of the island, and it has been used as such since his time; but Anan was the former name. Post and money order office.
MANGAINOKA. See Hunterville. Name means "The Supreme," assumed by victorious warrior.
MANGAIRE. See Huiakama.
MANGAITI, Auckland. A railway siding 119 miles south from Frankton Junction, on the Paeroa line, and 29 miles from Thames. Good farming and flaxmilling district. Creamery close by. Plenty of duck shooting. Named from small stream running into Waihou or Thames River. Nearest doctor at Te Aroha. Post, money order, and telephone office.
MANCAITUROA, Wellington. A recently-settled dairying and sheepfarming district 78 miles north from Wanganui. in Wanganui County, near the coast. Take steamer (15s) to Pipiriki, then weekly coach 13 miles (8s). Roads suitable for cyclists in summer. No hotel or boarding house. Post and telephone office. The district is very heavily timbered with good milling timber, comprising totara, matai, rimu, white pine, etc., which can be freighted down the river at rail­way rates. Pheasants so plentiful as to he almost a nuisance, and pigeons plentiful in hush. Raetihi, four miles off. has the nearest hoarding house.
MANGAKAHIA, Auckland. A small gum digging settlement! on river of same name, in Marsden County. 128 miles north from Auck­land. Steamer to Whangarei, coach to Poroti 12 miles (3s). thence level road 20 miles. Store. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Titoki, 4 miles.
MANGAKEHIA. Tributary of the Mokau River.
MANGAKURA. 77 miles from Auckland and 16 from Port Albert. Rail to Hoteo, thence 7 miles. Forms part of Tauhoa dis­trict. Nearest telephone Tauhoa, 4 miles; and doctor at Warkworth, 18 miles.
MANGAKURI, Hawke's Hay. 61 miles south from Napier. Rail to Otane, thence bi-weeklv coach 25 miles.
MANGAMAHOE, Wellington. In the North Wairarapa County, 87 miles north by rail from Wellington. A sheep station and settlers district, with a sawmill. Roads indifferent; no hotels. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Eketahuna, 8 miles.
MANGAMAHU, Wellington. 29 miles N.E. from Wanganui. Rail to Fordell, then coach tri-weekly 19 miles. On the south bank of the Wangaehu River, having wild but picturesque scenery and abundance of English and native game. Station and farming. One hotel, and post, money order, and telegraph office, and savings bank.
MANGAMAIRE, Wellington. 99 miles north by rail from Wellington. Mails daily. Post, money order, savings bank, and tele­phone- office. Hamua nearest accommodation house, 4 miles. Trout stream of same name, also Mangatainoka and Mangahao Streams all close by. The name of the place means "Black maire," a native tree growing here. Cheese factory. Nearest doctor at Pahiatua, & miles. In no license district.
MANGAMAKO, Wellington. 69 miles from Wanganui and 14 from Hunterville, in Kiwitea County. Take rail to Ohingaiti. Purely a sawmilling and settlers district, on the Rangitikei River. Sandon Block is the post office, which also see.
MANGAMAUNU. Maori settlement 8 m north of Kaikoura.
MANGAMINGI, Taranaki. 81 miles north-west from Wan­ganui. Rail to Eltham, thence 10 miles by coach tri-weekly (6s). Hawera County. Post and telegraph office. Mail tri-weekly. Dairy farming and sheep raising. Nearest doctor lit Eltham.
MANGAMUKA, Auckland. 195 miles north from Auckland, or 14 miles from Rangiahna.—a Maori settlement; steamer from Auckland to Kohu Kohu weekly, thence 12 miles by oil launch, then 10 miles road. The Mangamuka River is one of. perhaps, the principal estuaries of Hokianga Harbour, which it joins at the town­ship of Kohu Kohu. From there it is tidal for a distance of 15 miles. Ten miles from Kohu the banks of the river contract and form what is called the Mangamuka Gorge, which has a local reputation for picturesque scenery. From this gorge to the source of the river is Mangamuka proper or Mangamuka Valley. It is about five miles in length, and half or three-quarters of a mile broad, and includes the richest and best lands in Hokianga. It is mostly in the hands of the Natives. This valley was a few years ago the site of large puriri forests, which have been used up in the making of railway sleepers. Game was once plentiful, but the Maoris destroy it at all seasons recklessly. Named from Manga (creek) and Muka (spool of Nikau palm, which abounds here). Post office. Nearest telephone at Rangiahua. 14 miles: and doctor at Kohu Kohu, 15 miles.
MANGANAMO. A conical hill in Taupo district.
MANGANUI. In Mahurangi Harbour, with hill 150ft high.
MANGANUI-0-WAE. Known as Broadwood.
MANGAOHAE, Auckland. 115 m S.E. from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti, then 36 m drive or ride. On stream and in valley of same name. Roads good in summer only. Name means "branch of a river." Nearest doctor at Te Kuiti, 36 miles. Post office. Nearest telegraph office. Mairoa, 11 miles.
MANGAOHOI. Branch of Mangapiko Creek.
MANGAONE. 112 miles north from Napier. Steamer or coach weekly to Wairoa, coach to Nuhaka, thence 12 miles (7s 6d). Nearest telephone office Nuhaka, 9 miles.
MANGAONE. A stream 3 miles north from New Plymouth.
MANGAONE NORTH. See Pahiatua.
MANGAONE RIVER. Tributary of Tiraumea River.
MANGAONE VALLEY. Post office. See Mangaone.
MANGAONOHO, Wellington. 57 miles north-east by rail from Wanganui, in Rangitikei County. A small sheep and sawmill district. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank offices. On the Rangitikei River.
MANGAOPORO. Affluent of Waiapu River.
MANGAORONGA. 94 miles north from Wellington. Bail to Eketahuna, thence five miles. Roads good for cycling. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Eketahuna, 5 m. where doctor is. MANGAORONGA. See Otorohanga.
MANGAOTAKI, Auckland. 148 m south from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti, coach to Pio Pio. then 10 m on river of same name, which means "Beautiful rapid river." First settled 1902. Six thousand fry rainbow trout put in river 1904. Roads unformed. Beautiful district, with high limestone bluffs and many caves and scenic wooded reserves. Road is on the banks of the river, which has many rapids. Goods brought on pack horses from Pio Pio and Te Kniti, it being a heavy bush country. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Te Kuiti.
MANGAOWERA. Tributary of Awatere River.
MANGAPAI, Auckland. On an inlet of Whangarei Harbour, 90 miles north by bi-weekly steamer from Auckland (22s 6d return); in Whangarei County. Has post, telegraph, and money order office; and is a thriving township and district, the chief support of which is farming and the timber industry. There are several private boarding houses, but no licensed hotel. Roads not good for cyclists. Name means "A good branch, "referring to the river. Nearest doctor at Whangarei, 12 miles. Waipu Caves within easy riding distance. Mangapai is the port for the rich pastoral districts of Waikiekie and Ruarangi.
MANGAPAKEHA. Between Taueru and Tenui. An extensive-swamp.
MANGAPAKIHI. Stream rising in Mount Bruce.
MANGAPAPA. Stream rising in Mount Whariti and flowing |inst Woodville.
MANGAPAPA. A suburb of Gisborne 1£ miles by bus (4d). See Gisborne.
MANGAPEHI, Auckland. 142 miles south from Auckland by rail. Is the centre of the Maori King Country, and the last place in the colony to come under the Europeans. Famous for excellent totara timber. Post and telephone office.
MANGAPIKO. Auckland. 105 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Te Awamutu. thence 'bus 4 miles (Is). Small settlement, with post office. Nearest telegraph office Te Awamutu.
MANGAPIKOPIKO. A riding of Pohangina County.
MANGAPIRI. A sheep farming and postal district 69 miles north­west from Invercargill. Rail to Otautau. thence mail cart 40 miles. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Otautau, 40 miles. On Waiau River.
MANGAPOURI CRERK. Tributary of Otaki River.
MANGAPUAKA, Hawke's Bay. 77 miles south from Napier. Rail to Ormondville, thence mail cart 11 miles Tuesday and Friday. Mail twice a week from Ormondville (which is nearest telegraph office), 11 m distant, which see. Telephone at Whetukura. 7 m. Nearest doctor at Ormondville, 11 miles.
MANGAPURUA. Stream and valley between Hicks Bay and Whangaporara.
MANGARAHU. A rock near Mititai.
MANGARAKAU, Nelson. 85 miles north-west from Nelson; by steamer bi-weekly (9s) to Collingwood, thence coach 20 miles (10s to 20s). Telephone and post office. Coal and gold mining, timber and flax milling. Pigeons (kereru) are only game. Limestone caves in dis­trict. The harbour (West Wanganui Inlet) has a safe bar entrance and affords good anchorage for vessels of large tonnage. Paturau River is the largest in the neighbourhood and should in time be a valuable trout stream. Accommodation is very primitive. The correct and original Maori name is Maunga-Maunga Rakau. meaning “mountain wood.” Doctor at Collingwood. Starting point for packing stores, etc.. through Taitapu Gold Estate to Golden Ridge mine.
MANGARAMARAMA. 110 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua. thence cab hire four miles (3s). Roads good for cycling. Post and telephone office.
MANGARAUPIU STREAM. Tributary of Upper Mangiitainoka River.
MANGARAWA. 108 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Woodville, thence three miles. Hare shooting and trout fishing close at hand. Grazing and dairy farming. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor Woodville.
MANGARE RIVER. Flows into Northern Wairoa.
MANGARIMU, Wellington. Entirely a sheep station and farming district 130 m north-east from Wellington. Rail to Feilding, then daily coach 30 miles (8s). Is in Kiwitea Countv, and has no hotel; but has a post office, the nearest telegraph station being at Pemberton, three miles away. Is on the Oroua River. Formerly known as Beef Creek. Nearest doctor at Kimbolton, 13 m.
MANGAROA, Wellington. A railway siding 24 miles from Wellington, on the Wellington-Napier line. Post and telegraph office. Dairying, sheep farming, and sawmilling district. Good fishing.
MANGAROA. See Ohura, Ponana, and Tokomaru Bay.
MANGAROHUTU See Damon's Bay.
MANGARUA, Southland. 50 miles north-west from Invercargill. Bail to Orepuki. then coach 7 miles. Farming. See Te Wae Wae, Tvhich is the post office.
MANGATAIKAPUA. Near Whatatutu.
MANGATAINOKA, Wellington. 109 miles north by rail from Wellington, in Pahiatua County. A post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank office. Has one hotel, and private accommodation is obtainable. Roads are only fair. Has. a dairy factory and a creamery, and is the centre of a butter and cheese district. Is on river of the same name (a tributary of Tiraumea River), wherein is good trout fishing. Nearest doctor at Pahiatua. 3 m.
MANGATAIPA. Settlement near Mangamuka.
MANGATAKAUERA. Valley in Mongonui district.
MANGATAKOTO- STREAM. Tributary of Mangaone River.
MANGATAMATA. A lake near Pokeno.
MANGATANGI. See Maungatawhiri.
MANGATERA, Hawke's Bay. A railway siding 77 miles south from Napier, on the Napier-Wellington line. Post and telephone office. Good fishing in stream. Nearest doctor Dannevirke, 1 ½ miles.
MANGATERE. Tributary of Hangaroa River, near Waerengaahika.
MANGATERETERE, Hawke's Bay County. 11 miles from Napier, by train or coach daily to Tomoana station. Nearest tele­phone office Hastings, 3 miles, where doctor is. On Ngarnroro River. Post office.
MANGATETE, Auckland. 223 miles north-west from Auckland by weekly steamer (32s return). Mangonui County. Sawmilling and farming district. Post and telegraph office.
MANGATETE RIVER. Small stream flowing into Rangaunu Bay.
MANGATI. See Okupu.
MANGATINA, Nelson. 23 miles south-east from Westport. Rail to Granity, thence 5 miles. Daily mails. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Mine Creek, 2 miles. Coal mining only.
MANGATITI, Wellington. 139 miles from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua, thence daily coach 25 miles (tri-weekly winter months). Pigeon shooting to be had. Has a creamery. Name means "birds on the river." Nearest doctor at Pongaroa, 7 m. Post and telephone office.
MANGATITI RIVER. Tributary of Aohanga River. 70ft water­fall on this river.
MANGATOETOE. See Victoria Valley.
MANGATOKI, Taranaki. On Mangatoki River, 40 miles south from New Plymouth. Rail to Eltham. then four miles daily coach : fare Is 6d. Good trout fishing, and pheasant, duck, quail, and hare shooting. Roads fair for cycling. Dairying district and dairy factory ; Eltham County. Post and telegraph office. The whole South Egmont district is occupied in dairying, bacon-curing, and cocksfoot grass seed growing, and with its small holdings of from 100 to 200 acres offers-homes to energetic men with families and limited means. Name means "black axe." Doctor at Eltham. 4 m.
MANGATORO, Hawke's Bay. 89 miles south from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, thence 10 miles by tri-weekly coach. Roads good for cycling to here, but past this rather hilly. Accommodation to be had, 6s daily. Trout fishing and native game shooting. Telephone and post office. Nearest doctor at Dannevirke.
MANGATORO VALLEY, Hawke's Bay. A small settlement 100 miles south from Napier and 16 from Dannevirke, coach Mondays and Fridays 8 a.m. In Waipawa County. No hotel here; only a few settlers. On the Mangatoro River, which has abundance of trout and is a tributary of the Manawatu River. Nearest telephone office Waitahoru. (4m) and Ngapaemrn. (10 m). Nearest Dr. at Dannevirke, 16 m.
MANGATOWAKE CREEK. Tributary of Ruamahunga River.
MANGATU, Auckland. 119 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Dargaville rail to Kaihu, thence 11 miles road (in summer, weekly coach). On the Hokianga main road, having two special settlements— Marlborough and Auckland. Post and telephone office.
MANGATU. See Opunake.
MANGATUNA. 102 miles south from Napier. Rail to Danne­virke, thence coach tri-weekly to Wylie's Whare, thence pack horse. Nearest telephone office Mangatoro, 12 m, and doctor at Dannevirke, 22 miles. Name means "Black eel." Post and telephone office.
MANGAWAI, Auckland. A country township 84 m N. by steamer (Monday and Thursday,, returning Tuesday and Friday ; fare, 9s single. 14s return) from Auckland; 4 m from the port and 4 m from Hakaura, which also see. One hotel, 20s per week. Fruit­growing, sheep and general farming, and kauri gum digging support town­ship. Formerly known as Molesworth. Good shooting and fishing. Mangaw. It means "Black water," or "Shadow," so called because of shadow cast on the river by the surrounding hills. Post, telephone, and money order office. Nearest doctor at Wellsford, 15 miles.
MANGAWARA RIVER. A confluent of Waikato at Taupiri.
MANGAWEKA, Wellington. On the Rangitikei River. 66 miles north-east by rail from Wanganui. Bi-weekly newspaper. Post, money order, and telegraph office, and savings bank. Rangitikei County. Good shooting. Sawmills, sash and door factory, and cheese factory.
MANGAWHAI HARBOUR. A bar harbour on East Coast, N. of Auckland.
MANGAWHARA. See Hinuera.
MANGAWHARARIKI. Stream near Rangiwahia.
MANGAWHARE, Auckland. On the Northern Wairoa River, 118 miles north-east from Auckland City. A suburb of Dargaville, which see. Kauri timber and gum trade. Roads not good enough for cycling. One hotel. Post, telephone, and money order office, and savings bank.
MANGAWHENUKA STREAM. Tributary of Tiraumea River.
MANGAWHERO. See Eltham.
MANGAWHERO. A district near Mangawhara, in which are hot springs.
MANGAWHTTI. Near Ruakaka.
MAN GERE, Auckland. On the Manukau Harbour, four miles from Onehunga by bus every day (fare 1s 6d); in Manukau County. A thriving fruit-growing, gardening, dairying, and farming district. The sea fishing in the harbour is very good. The roads suitable for cyclists, and there is no hotel, but private boarding is obtain­able. A post and telegraph office. "Mangere " means "Lazy." Ex­tinct volcano here. Nearest doctor at Onehunga, 4 m.
MANCERE BRIDGE, Auckland. Is one mile from Onehunga; in Frankton County. It is a post and telegraph office. A good agri­cultural district with a fine massive mountain from which a most magnifi­cent view is obtainable. Shooting of all descriptions. Roads perfect for motoring. Oysters, and flounder fishing good. Dr at Onehunga, 1 m.
MANGLES RIVER. Near Murchison or Longford.
MANGOIHE, Wellington. 212 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Ohakune, thence coach 12 miles, via Raetihi; or steamer from Wanganui to Pipiriki (15s), thence coach (5s). Post and telephone office.
MANGONUI, Auckland. On the Mangonui Harbour, on the S.E. portion of Doubtless Hay, 150 in N. by bi-weekly steamer from Auckland. Coach runs from here to Kaitaia. Good shooting and sea fishing. Kauri gum and timber and a little farming done. Two hotels and private board. A Native locality. Situated on S.E. arm of Doubt­less Bay. Mangonui means "Big shark," from the number of sharks which were caught in the harbour at one time. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Has weekly newspaper and resident doctor. D'Urville, the French navigator, landed here in 1769, and was said to be here when Cook sailed past.
MANGOREI. Nine miles from New Plymouth by hire. Roads fair for cycling. Farming and dairying and has a creamery. Nearest telephone office New Plymouth. 9 miles, where nearest doctor is. Post office.
MANGOREWA. A rocky gorge on Rotorua-Tauranga bush road, 17 m from Rotorua.
MANGOREWA. Stream crossing the Rotorua-Tauranga bush road.
MANGOREWA-KAKAROA. Block bush. country on Rotorua-Tauranga road.
MANIHIKI. One of the annexed Pacific Islands. The island consists of about two square miles of land, encircling a lagoon some six miles in diameter. Principal export is copra. The London Mis­sionary Society look after the education of the children of the island. Manihiki is an atoll, but, unlike Penrhyn, it has no opening through the reef into the lagoon, and when the Natives wish to visit the neighbouring island of Rakahanga their boats have to be carried across the narrow strip of land separating the lagoon from the sea.
MANIOTOTO. A county in Otago Central, South Island.
MAN-OF-WAR BAY, Waiheke Island.
MANSFORD TOWN is Lower Port Chalmers. See Port Chalmers
MANUAE. One of the two small islands enclosed within one reef, and which are known as the Hervey Isles—a name that is frequently applied to the Cook Group as a whole. Manuae and Te Au-o-Tu, the two islands, contain approximately 500 acres and 800 acres respectively of good cocoanut land, and are leased to the Cook Island Trading Company. The islets (says the "Official Year Book") form a dependency of Aitutaki, about 60 miles distant, by the people of which they were conquered in heathen times. The Cook Island Trading Company's lease runs for 25 years from -the 7th June, 1898. and the rent will now he shared equally by the owners of the two islands.
MANUHARA. Wellington. See Maku.
MANUHERIKIA. The old name for Alexandra South. Manuherikia is the name of a river which at Alexandra South joins with the Clutha (or often spoken of as the Molyneux) River. There are 25 gold dredging claims on the Clutha and Manuherikia Rivers close to Alexandra South.
MANUI. 75 miles north-east from Wanganui. Rail to Mangaweka, thence four miles. Sheep farming. Mails tri-weekly. Roads fairly good. Nearest telegraph office and doctor Mangaweka, 4 miles.
MAKUKA. A hill near Pahiatua.
MANUKA CREEK, Otago. An old digging place, but now a small farming and postal district, 45 miles south-west from Dunedin by rail; in Bruce County. The main road good for cyclists, but no private boarding or hotel. Nearest telephone office Glenore, 4 m. Named from the abundance of the manuka tree growing in the gorge through which creek flows. Nearest doctor at Milton, 10 m.
MANOKA FLAT. Near Marsden, Greymouth.
MANUKA ISLAND. See Waiau Valley.
MANUKA POINT. N.W. of Rakaia River, interior of Canterbury.
MANUKATAHI. Locality in Akaroa Harbour.
MANUKAU. Native settlement near Herekino.
MANUKAU, Wellington. See Manakau.
MANUKAU HARBOUR. Situated on north-east coast of Auckland. and the West Coast port for that city-, being separated from Waitemata Harbour on the East Coast by only a few miles. Is n large inlet at the head of which is the port of Onehunga—eight miles rail from Auckland. Settlement—Awhitu. Brooklyn. Drury. Huia. Kohe Kohe. Mangare. Manurewa. Papakura, Patumahoe, Titirangi, Waipipi, etc. The bar is subject to constant change.
MANUKAU HEADS. 35 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Onehunga, thence steamer 20 miles. Manukau County. Awhitu, situated on the Manukau Harbour (11 miles frontage) facing the ocean (eight miles), forms a peninsula between the two. Industries: Dairying, sheepfarming, fishcuring. and gumdigging. Sport: plenty of fishing; also shooting, hares and pheasants. Watering place, sea bathing, etc. Post and telephone office. Steamer runs once a fortnight from Onehunga to Manukau Heads North and South: return fare, 4s. Name supposed to come from Manu "a bird" and kau "swim." Nearest doctor at Waiuku, 30 m. Outside of the heads was the scene of wreck of H.M.S. Orpheus, 1706 tons, with 256 of a crew, on February 8, 1863. 187 lives were lost, including Commodore Burnett, whose body was found at Waitakerei Beach, and was buried at Symond Street Cemetery, Auckland.
MANUNUI. 176 miles south from Auckland by rail. Timber and sawmills. Fishing in river, and plenty of pigeon and pheasant shooting. Is on Wanganui River. Post and telegraph office. Name means "Big bird." Resident doctor.
MANUPIRUA. Hot sulphur springs on southern shore of Lake Rotoiti.
MANUREWA, Auckland. 15 miles S. by rail from Auckland City on Manukau Harbour; in Manukau County. A fishing and farming district. Cycling roads fair, and private board obtainable ; but no hotel. Sea fishing abundant in harbour. Post, telephone, money order office, and savings bank. Doctor at Otahuhu, 6 miles. Huge kauri logs have been unearthed here, probably centuries old.
MANUTAHI. Island on Waikato River, near Rangiriri.
MANUTAHI, Wellington. 50 miles north by rail from Wanganui, near the coast; in Patea County. Farming district. Shooting— pigeons, ducks, and pheasants. Roads rough. One hotel. Post, tele­phone, and money order office. "Manutahi" means "One bird." The Maoris in the olden days camped here and saw only one bird, hence the name. Nearest doctor at Patea. 9 in.
MANUTUKE. Eight miles south by coach from Gisborne (2s return) daily, passing through Makaraka and Matawhero to Te Arai Bridge, then on to Muriwai and Wairakaia. Pastoral district. Roads good in fine weather for cycling. No hotel or board accommodation. Not to be confused with Te Arai, Rodney County. Largest Native church in New Zealand here, carved by the Maoris. Post and tele­phone office. Nearest doctor at Gisborne, 8 m.
MANY COVES BAY. Queen Charlotte Sound.
MAORA LAKE. Near head of Mararoa River.
MAORA MOUNT (6590ft). Head of Mararoa River.
MAORI BAY, Marlborough. On Pelorus 'Sound; in Sounds County: occupied by a few settlers. 38 miles north-west from Blen­heim Take coach to Havelock (7s 6d), then oil launch 12 miles (2s 6d). Post and telephone office. Though so named, no Maoris here. Nearest doctor at Havelock. 12 miles.
MAORI CAVES. Near Waikari, North Canterbury.
MAORI CREEK. Tributary of New River, Dunganville.
MAORI GULLY. See Arnold and Brunnerton.
MAORI HILL, Otago. A suburban municipality with a popula­tion of 2217. Electric and cable trams connect with Dunedin. Post and telegraph office.
MAORI HILL. Suburb of Timaru.
MAORI KAIK. See Otakou.
MAORI LAKES. In Ashburton Gorge, Mount Somers district, Canterbury.
MAORI POINT, Otago. It has long been a gold digging place (five miles from Skippers) and is still yielding gold. It is 14 miles from Queenstown by coach (Wednesdays and Saturdays; 7s 6d). On the right-hand bank of the Shotover River. In Lake County ; and is a post and telegraph office. Country hilly and unfit for cyclists. One hotel. Scenery rough and rugged. So called because Maoris first found gold here. Telephone.
MAORIS. The Native inhabitants of N.Z. and owners originally of the soil, are noted as a line race of aborigines. They have ever been more populous in the North than in the South Island, and by the last return of the census the total Maoris in New Zealand numbered 47,731. The above figures include half-castes living as Maoris. It is found that the Maoris are a law-abiding people, as crime is not increasing among them. Maoris are represented in Parliament, there being usually one Native chief in the Legislative Council and four Maoris in the House of Assembly. The Maoris have voting power for the Assembly members, and at each polling day large numbers use the privilege and vote for election of these members. The Maoris are rich in land. It is estimated that they own more than seven mil­lions of acres. In this area there are valuable lands, but allow­ance must be made for mountain ranges and portions where the soil is poor. It is found that the Natives are wisely utilising their lands, although not to the extent that might be wished, and they also own a great number of sheep, cattle, pigs, and horses. The Maoris take great interest in education, and the aptitude for learning shown by their children at the schools provided for them is most marked. For many years the Government has maintained schools in Native districts, and solid work is done in giving the children an English education. The Native schools are inspected periodically by the Government inspector, and the day on which this official makes his inspection is one of great interest to the youthful Maori. The Maoris have for their benefit a court for settling Native claims, called Native Land Court. Many of the Maoris are now well off, from the rents of their lands. Others earn their living by culti­vating land, cutting flax, digging kauri gum, working at flax-mills, or stripping wattle bark. The last is a new industry well suited to the Natives. As a rule, the men dress as do Europeans ; the women are fond of bright colours, and do not succeed in dressing according to the latest fashion. The wealthy Natives live in good houses, and some keep excellent busies, horses, and motor cars. They own a good many agricultural machines and implements. Census returns are 47,731. including 3938 half-castes living as Maoris—an increase since 1901 of 4588: 6515 children attend the Native village schools. The first appointment of Maori chiefs as members of the Legislative Council was made nn October 11, 1872.
The N.Z. Government still expend from the Civil List money for food and clothing to Natives.
The Maori strongholds were called pas (or pahs), and were fortified stockades. In times of war the whole tribe sought refuge within same. The pa was usually on the summit of a hill, on an island, or on the bank of a river. Some pas were very extensive, as many as 1000 to 2000 being in them. As Christianity spread wars ceased, and the use of fortified pas died out, the Maoris dwelling at peace without wall or fence to protect them. The pig, of which numbers are to be found in every Maori village, is said to have been first left on the islands by the Spaniards, before Cook's visit. The Maori name is ''poaka," a word resembling in sound the Spanish name for a sow—'' pnerca." The dog is also called, in some parts, by the Spanish name. "pero," though usiially called " kuri."
The Maoris did not worship idols. They believed in invisible spooks called Atuas, to which they ascribed the form of a lizard. They believed that after death the soul went to the Reinga, or place of tapu abode, approached down a steep precipice at what is now known as Cape Maria Van Dieman. The change from barbarism to Christianity was very rapid and complete. From a people addicted to cannibalism and to the worst passions they became in a few years an intelligent and superior race.
Tangi is a great lamentation on the death of a chief or individnal. Women used to lacerate their arms and faces with the shells of the pipi or mussel until they became covered with blood.
Tapu was a custom or law, the laying on of which literally means to pronounce the person or article sacred for a greater or less period of time. The rite done by the Tohunga, or " wise man," resembles the "tabu" of the Sandwich and other islands. Burial places, articles consecrated to the dead, a person who has been sick until recovery, a girl when betrothed in marriage, and a wife is always tapn to everyone but her husband.
The Maori Language is soft and euphonious, containing but 14 letters, in which are included all the vowels. Its syllables are remark­ably liquid, and with the exception of the "nga," every consonant is separated by one or more vowels. Though the alphabet has no "s," words commencing with "h" are sounded as "sh," thus "hongi " is pronounced "shongi."
The Rev. J. Morgan, a very early missionary, about the year 1838 underwent dangers of the most, fearful description, and lived for a long period at the mercy of two fighting and cannibal tribes; but in time, through his efforts, he witnessed the beneficient effects of Christi­anity amongst a people who only eight years before held their banquets of human flesh before his door at Otawhero (which see), while they shook the bloody heads and limbs of their enemies in the very face of his terrified wife. On the formation of this mission station, nine years before, there was not a single Christian Native near, and after the expiration of the first year the station had for safety to be removed to a distance of 150 miles. Afterwards it was again re-formed at Otawhao, and in a few months 200 Natives were gathered into the congregation, where they built for the mission a chapel large enough to hold 1000, the entire design and work being that of the Natives themselves, and the whole tribe became Christianised. To show the state of things before that, infanticide prevailed to a fearful extent, children being generally destroyed on the second or third day after birth. A Native young mother strangled her child because it was ill, afterwards taking a puppy to suckle at her breast, assigning as a reason " that it might be strong to catch pigs." She had a second child, and with it, at the other breast, she suckled a second pup. When the missionary's wife accidentally discovered this she persuaded the mother to abandon the pup. This woman then embraced Christi­anity, and suckled no more puppies. In 1828 Mrs Chapman, the wife of the missionary at Eotorua, had her infant scholars taken away from her by their parents to partake of cannibal feasts, and when she attempted to prevent it they told her " that human flesh was sweeter than pork."
From the life of an old Maori who had become a Native teacher was related some of the fearful doings of his young days, before the advent of the missionary. He had accompanied his father on all fight­ing expeditions. At Waingaroa he saw great numbers slain and eaten : at Hanga he saw many also slain and eaten: at Maungataritari 40 men, besides women and children, were killed and all eaten : at the same place at a second fight 60 men were killed and all eaten. His own tribe being beaten in another war, 100 were killed and eaten by their foes, he narrowly escaping; at Mokau 200 were killed, and nearly all eaten ; and later, at the same place, a similar number, with women and children, were clubbed and eaten; at Poverty Bay 200 were killed and eaten; at Taranaki. which became the seat of tribal war he saw great numbers killed, and cannibal feasts were held almost daily. At the great Waikato pa, Matuketuki, a dreadful carnage took place, 2000 being slain, and feasts held upon the bodies on the spot where they lay. As late as 1843 the bones of these 2000 still lay whitened on the plains, with the ovens in which the flesh was cooked for their horrible banquets. Such was the state of things when the first missionaries settled in the midst of the Maoris of New Zealand, carrying their lives and the lives of their wives in their hands. This was a very long time before the arrival of the Rev. Mr Marsden, who came to the Hay of Islands from New South Wales. The noble work done by these men and their wives in the old brutal days was marvellous, but their works live behind them still, showing the wonderful effects of the teaching of Christianity.
MAPUNA, Auckland. On northern Wairoa River; 26 miles from Dargaville by steamer on Tuesday and Friday (fare. 4s and 6s). Gum and timber district; no township. Private boarding, 25s per week. All heavy forest land. Post office and telephone. Name Mapuna means "A white spring,"—named after a block of land that has fine clear springs on it. The Northern Wairoa, on which it is situated, is called the Ngauroro River and is 14 m from the Ruahine Ranges. Nearest doctor at Hastings, 13 m. Name means "Valley of the flowers of the Toi Toi."
MARA, (formerly known as WAIOWAKA), Wellington. 155 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua, coach to Pongaroa, thence horse 17 miles via Rakaunui. In Pahiatua County. Coach in summer to Rakaunui. Doctor at Pahiatua, 40 miles. Former name meant "plenty of water." Post and telephone office.
MARAEKAKAHO, Hawke's Bay. A sheep district entirely, 13 miles south-west from Hastings by daily coach (3s 6d). In Hawke's Bay County. Occupied by sheep runs. Post and telephone office.
MARAEROA, Auckland. 187 m N. from Auckland by steamer and rail to Kawakawa. then coach 28 miles. A Native settlement. Nearest telegraph office Okaihau, 6 miles, and nearest doctor at Rawene. 12 miles. Name means "long flat."
MARAEROA OTUROA. Bush land and European settlement near Rotorua.
MARAETAHO. See Tarewa.
MARAETAI, Auckland. On the East Coast. 16 miles south by steamer bi-weekly (return 3s| from Auckland. In Manukau County. A small farming district and seaside watering place, on Hauraki Gulf. Maraetai means "An enclosure by the sea." Powder magazine. Nearest telephone office, Clevedon. 6 miles, where doctor resides.
MARAHEA. See Tokomaru Bay.
MARAHEMO. Extinct volcano near Whakapirau.
MARAKEKE. Railway siding 52 miles from Napier. See Hatuma. which is post office.
MARAKURA. The name of township at Te Anau, which see.
MARAKOPA. See Kawhia.
MARAMA (formerly known as RICHMOND BROOK). Marlborough. 23 miles south from Blenheim. Rail to Seddon. thence 4 miles. .Sheep-farming district. Nearest telegraph office Seddon, 4 miles: but telephone here with post office.
MARAMA BAY. On Manukau Harbour.
MARAMARUA, Auckland. A farming district, 57 miles, south­east from Auckland City. In Waikato County. Take rail to Pokeno, then horse 17 miles. Plenty of shooting and fishing. Excellent land and coal is found close to main road. Has school and hall used as church. Nearest doctor at Pukekohe. 30 in. Post and telephone office.
MARAMATE. See Highbank.
MARANUI, Wellington. A suburb of Wellington by tram to Lyall Bay. Good beach and good roads for cycling. Stove and boarding houses (20s to 30s) and corporation quarries. Post and telegraph office.
MAKAROA, Southland. Now called The Key, which see.
MARAROA LAKE. 30 m from Lumsden.
MARAROA RIVER. Flows into Waiau River.
MARATOTO. 23 miles from Thames and eight from Hikutaia. Rail to Hikutaia, then coach on Hon.. Wed., and Fri.; return fare 5s. A gold mining district only. See also Golden, Cross. Nearest telegraph and post office Hikutaia, 8 miles, and nearest doctor at Paeroa, 14 miles.
MARAU. Headland 8 m N. of Tolaga Bay.
MARAWITI. See Barrhill.
MARBLE POINT. On River Waiau-ua. Hanmer Plains road.
MARCHANT MOUNT. In Puketoi Ranges.
MARCH ANT RIVER. Tributary of Grey River.
MARCHMONT. Estate near Rangiora.
MAREHARA. Tributary of Waiapu River.
MARETAI. Old mission station. Port Waikato.
MARERETU, Auckland. 93 miles north-cast from Auckland and 29 miles from Whangarei. Rail to Helensville, thence (Tuesday and Friday) by North Kaipara steamboats to Paparoa, then 8 m coach, on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday; fare, 30s. Fairly good shooting, both Native and imported game, hut no fishing. Roads for cyclists fair in summer. No hotel, but private boarding 20s per week. Is one of the coal centres of the north, and one of the most picturesque;) villages in the Dominion; with direct communication to Auckland. In! summer time a cyclist could ride easy from the Whangarei tidal river} on the East Coast to the Kaipara tidal river on the West Coast in less than a day. Accommodation can be had along the road; meals Is. Mareretu is situated halfway between the head of the Kaipara Waters' and Whangarei Bay. Vine growing promises to become a paying industry here. Post and telephone office Paparoa, 8 miles, where nearest doctor is. Several rivers in district, all joining the Manganui, one of the largest tributaries of the Wairoa River, one of the chief waterways of the Dominion. Flaxmilling one of the industries.
MARIAN LAKE. Near Mount Christina.
MARIMA. 117 m N.E. from Wellington. Rail to Mangamaire, thence hire seven miles. Situated on the Mangaho River. Mostly farming carried on. Shooting and fishing fairly good. Post and tele­phone office. Nearest doctor, 10 miles.
MARLBOROUCH DISTRICT. Is in the north-east corner of the Middle Island, and contains, about 2,792,500 acres; it is bounded on the north and east by Cook Strait and the East Coast as far as the Conway River to the western side of Tennyson Inlet, Pelorus Sound. From the Conway to Pelorus Sound the boundary is Nelson district, and from Conway to Acheron River it abuts on to the Canterbury district.
The widest part of the district is from Cape Campbell to Topiiouse, a distance of about 67 miles, and the extreme length from Cape Jack­son to the Conway is 120 miles.
The district is mountainous; Tapuaeuuku, the highest of the Inland Kaikouras, attains an altitude of 9,462ft. Of the Seaward Kaikouras, or Looker-on Mountains, the highest points ate Kaitarau and Whakari, which are 8,700ft and 8,500ft respectively. There are several lesser, from 4,000ft upwards.
Marlborough dates from November 1, 1859, the day on which it came into existence as a province by a proclamation gazetted October 4 of the same year. The district had previously been part of Nelson Province. The name Marlborough was decided on by the Government in Auckland, on the ground that the new province on Cook Strait should bear, like adjacent Nelson and Wellington, the name of a great fighting hero. The names of Blenheim, Picton, and Havelock followed naturally.
The first Marlborough Provincial Council was elected early in 1860, and assembled at the Blenheim Courthouse on May 1.
Agriculture is now extending into the pastoral and forest country, and considerable areas of forest land have been cleared and laid down in grass.
In the part bounded by Cook Strait deep fiords and bays run far into the land. The principal of these are Queen Charlotte and Pelorus Sounds, which are remarkable for the number of their reaches and inlets, and the beauty of their precipitous and forest-clad hills, culminating in Mount Stokes. 3,943ft above the sea.
Four considerable rivers, the Wairau, Awatere, Clarence, and Conway, rise towards the western boundary ; the two former fall into Cook Strait; the two latter discharge into the sea on the eastern side. These rivers water large and fertile valleys, but none can be entered by vessels except Mie Wairau. which is navigable for small steamers for about 10 miles from its mouth.
The plains are the Wairau Plain. 65.000 acres, on which stands Blen­heim, the capital of Marlborough. More than half of the population of the Marlborough Land District—14,368, according to the last census— is centred in the town of Blenheim and on the Wairau Plain, besides this plain there are several thousand acres of terrace flats and valleys at Starborough, on the Lower Awatere.
There are not any lakes of size. Grassmere and Lake M'Rae being small.
North-west of the Wairau River, extending to the boundary of the Nelson District, there are about 280,000 acres, originally covered with dense forest, but during the last 33 years sawmills have worked it off to a great extent Havelock. on the Pelorus Sound, is at present the headquarters of the timber trade, and the hills along the shores of the Sound furnish birch sleepers.
The Pelorus Valley, with its tributaries the Rai and Wakamarina, still contain about; 200.000.000ft of convertible timbers, exclusive of the birch, of which there is a large amount of the best quality on the hills and terraces.
In the neighbourhood of Kaikoura, and in the Hapuku Valley, there is forest land, but the timber suitable for sawmill purposes is very limited.
The Wairau Plain, which is the principal block of agricultural land, has been already dealt with. The chief agricultural centres are in the neighbourhood of Kaikoura and Wairau Plain.
About 1,680,000 acres of Marlborough are devoted to sheep. On the natural pasture of the open country merino sheep are kept almost exclusively. In the forest country, on sown grass, the land keeps from two to four crossbred sheep per acre. Along the shores of the sounds large areas of hill land have. been cleared and laid down in grass for sheep.
The Industries are gold mining, carried on for some years, principally at Mahakipawa. Wakamarina, and Wairau Valley, sawmills at Kaikoura and Pelorus, Kaituna, and Onamalutu Valleys, and in Pelorus Sound.
The phormium industry employs many mills, and the quality of the fibre is good and the exports are large.
The climate is one of the finest: the thermometer seldom falls below 30deg. or rises above 78deg. Along the shores of the sounds the mildness of the winter, owing to the curious distribution of land and water, allows lemons, oranges, passion fruit, figs, and other sub-tropical fruits to be grown in favourable situations.
The only railway is that between Picton. and Ward, about 48 miles. The portion between Picton and Blenheim was opened in 1875, and to Ward in 1911.
The Road to Nelson—78 miles—is good, and runs up the Wairau Valley from Blenheim for about six miles, crosses the Wairau River into the Kaituna Valley, which it follows as far as Havelock—about 28 miles. It then inns up the Pelorus and Rai Valleys, and ascends by easy gra­dients to the Brown Saddle, where it crosses the boundary into the Nelson Province. An excellent coach service—the best in the colony—has been established for some years between Blenheim and Nelson, the coach running from Blenheim Tuesday. Thursday, and Saturday (fare 40s return), a distance of 78 miles, covering the distance in 11 hours, and daily between Blenheim and Havelock, a distance of 28 miles (fare 12s return).
A good road has been formed up the Wairau Valley, and connecting with Tophouse, just outside the boundary, and distant 45 miles from Blenheim, thence a good road leads to Tadmor, the present terminus of the Nelson railway.
A coach also runs twice a week between Blenheim and Wairau Valley. 25 miles (fare, 20s return), and to Molesworth on Friday, 71 miles (40s return).
Coach from Ward runs to Kaikoura on Monday (8 a.m.), Wednes­day, and Friday.
In all parts of the low country the common English fruit trees-apple, plum, pear, cherry, etc.—yield abundantly, the fruit, owing to the clearness of the atmosphere, being of excellent quality. In the high country, where snow falls occasionally during winter, the red, white, and black currants can be produced in quantities.
The chief Towns of Marlborough are Blenheim, the capital of the province, on the Wairau Plain; Picton. the chief port; Havelock, on Pelonis Sound ; and Kaikoura.
MARLBOROUGH. In Auckland Province. See Kaihu.
MARLOW, Auckland. 18 miles from Hikurangi, which see. An inland fanning district, with post and telegraph office. May he readied via Towai, by steamer and roach. Good shooting to be had. Called after Marlow (England), where settlers originally came from.
MAROA. A stream near Makairo.
MAROA PLAIN. Between Greytown N. and Tauherinikau.
MAROHEMO, Auckland. 89 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, then bi-weekly steamer to Whakapirau, 46 miles (12s 6dj return), then 5 miles. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Maungaturoto, 7 miles.
MAROKOHA. Native settlement, Mercury Bay.
MAROKOPA, Auckland. On river of same name. 161 miles south west by steamer from Auckland weekly, or rail to Te Kuiti, their horse 35 miles. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor Kawhia, 20 miles. Close to here is the hut in which the famous Maori warrior Te Ruaparaha lived, and the whole district is rich in reminiscences of the past.
MAROMAKU. Gumfield near Towai, 28 miles from Whangarei.
MAROPIU, Auckland. 13 miles from Dargaville by rail, which see. In Hobson County. Is a post and telephone office, and has one hotel. A station district on the Kaihu Creek, with pheasant, pigeon, and duck shooting, and trout fishing. Kai Iwi Lakes (6 in) stocked with trout.
MAROVAN. Sheep station near Hinds.
MARSDEN, Greymouth. A small gold mining settlement (alluvial, sluicing, and tunnelling); on New River. Ten miles south by daily coach, 2s 6d from Greymouth. Roads fair; hotel and private board. Post and telephone office.
MARSDEN HAY. Near French Pass.
MARSDEN POINT, Auckland. A calling station for steamers, on south entrance Whangarei Harbour, and 81 miles north by steamer from Auckland—Mon., Wed., and Fri., returning Tues., Thursday and Saturday (22s return, 12s 6d single). Named after Marsden, the well-known missionary, who came hither in the early settlement of the colony ; then Henry's Point, after a settler, about 1856; afterwards called Munro, after a resident (1903), finally re­verting to Marsden. Early hydrographers named it Sandy Point. Has deep water—over eight fathoms. Good fishing. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Waipu. 12 miles. Ferry from Whangarei Heads.
MARSHALL. Near Hinau.
MARS HILL. A hill in Rodney County.
MARSHLAND, Canterbury. Five miles from Christchurch; in Selwyn County. Take rail to Styx or Belfast, then walk two miles. So named from being once swampy. Great onion and carrot growing ground, the yield being 15 to 20 tons per acre for the former, and 50 to 60 tons per acre for the latter. Kidney potatoes also do well, and yield from 20 tons per acre. Onions, carrots, and potatoes constitute the chief products of the district. Place composed of small settlers with from five to 20 acres each. Post office. Nearest tele­graph office is Christchurch. 5 m. Nearest doctor at Belfast, 3 m.
MARSHMEADOWS. Situated near Hamilton.
MARSLAND HILL. Historical hill in New Plymouth. Site of military barracks for many years.
MARTINBOROUCH, Wellington. Near Wairarapa Lake. 62 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Featherston, then twice daily coach, 2s 6d ; in Wairarapa South County. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Is chiefly a sheep station district, there being many sheep runs around; also dairy farming. Two hotels; private boarding. Dis­trict hilly, but suitable for cyclists. The best district in N.Z. for deer stalking, and has excellent trout fishing. Was named after Hon. John Martin. On the banks of the Ruamahanga and Huangarua Rivers.
There is a famous native carved whare at Table Lands here, belong­ing to Tamahau Mahupuka. Although it is believed that £4,000 was offered for it Tamahau refused to sell. Population, 537.
MARTIN'S BAY, Otago. A wild and beautiful bay, with a small settlement of half a dozen residents, on Lake M'Kerrow; occupied in mining; 239 miles north-west by Government steamer, with stores, etc., from the Bluff. Situated on West Coast of Otago near West-land, in Lake County. There is a post office here, and the nearest telephone is Glenorchy, 70 in. Abundance of shooting (swans, ducks, etc.) and fishing. Nearest doctor at Queenstown.
MARTINS ISLAND. At mouth of Buller River.
MARTON, Wellington. 33 miles south-east by rail from Wanganui and 118 miles from Wellington. One of the earliest of the west coast settlements and the centre of a nourishing agricultur.il and pastoral district. A borough town with a population of over 1269. One daily newspaper and one weekly; three banks ; good roads for cycling; private board 20s to 30s per week, and several hotels ; post and telegraph office. Half-Holiday held on Wednesday. Good fishing and shooting. Called after Marton (Yorkshire, England), birthplace of Captain Cook. Town is well lighted with gas and supplied with water. Four creameries and a cheese factory within four miles; sash and door factory.
MARTON JUNCTION. Where the main trunk line joins the Wanganui-New Plymouth railway line. Post and telegraph office. See Marton for descriptive matter.
MARUA, Auckland. Whangarei County. 117 miles north-west, from Auckland by steamer to Whangarei. Rail to Hikurangi (which is nearest telegraph office), thence coach Tuesday and Saturday, 6 miles (2s 6d). Is on the Kirikiritohu River. Name means “Valley” Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Hikurangi. 6 miles
MARUHOU. Headland near Hicks Bay.
MARUIA, Nelson, 116 m S.E. from Westport Murchison, then 78 m. Is also 40 m from Reefton and 35 from Malakitaki Upper. Valuable curative springs for rheumatism and also accommodation house. Near here is the Cannibal Gorge (which see). The Maruia settlement recently acquired by the Government is also here. Post office Nearest telegraph at Matakitaki Upper. 35 m.
MARUIA RIVER. Tributary of Upper Buller, near Murchison.
MARUIOMATO. See Wedderburn.
MARU MARU, Hawke’s Bay. A Native district occupied by sheepfarmers and sheep runs, 83 miles from Napier. Steamer to Wairoa, thence coach 11 miles. In Wairoa County, and 11 miles from Wairoa. Wonderful caves two miles off. Nearest telephone office Frasertown. 7 miles. Post office.
MARYBANK. See Taylorville.
MARY MOUNT. A peak in Malvern Hills.
MARYVILLE, Taranaki. 80 miles by steamer (irregularly) from New Plymouth, and 24 from Mokau Heads. Coal mining. Wild cattle, pigs, and native game. Called "Mary 'Ville" after the wife of one of the largest landholders. Post office. Nearest telephone office Mokau, 24 miles. Is 69 miles from Waitara. where steamers call. Name now, changed to Pariwaro.
MASON'S BAY, Stewart Island.
MASON'S FLAT. District near Hawarden, North Canterbury.
MASON RIVER. Tributary of the Waiau-ua River.
MASSACRE BAY. 54 miles from Nelson, near Motupipi. The scene of the massacre of a boat's crew of Tasman's sailors. Near here is Departure Point, named by D'Urville on January 14, 1827.
MASTERTON, Wellington. Situated on the Waipoua River, at the head of the Wairarapa Valley, 67 miles north from Wellington by rail. In Masterton County. Is the chief town of the Wairarapa. Valley. The industries of the town are fellmongery, creamery, flourmills, cement works, abattoirs, and sawmills, and the surround­ing country is both agricultural and pastoral, having a good average yield of grain, of for oats 45 bushels, and wheat 35 bushels per acre. Sheep rearing is carried on very success­fully, showing an average percentage of 70 lambs. This is a borough town, well lit with gas, with 34 miles of formed streets, and good buildings. The Acclimatisation Society's fish ponds and hatcheries are located here, and from these, trout are distributed throughout N.Z. and to the Australian colonies ; visitors are admitted to inspect these ponds and hatcheries every day, except. Sunday, from 1 to 5 p.m., and they should not be missed". There is splendid trout fishing in the Waipoua, Ruamahanga, and Waingawa Rivers, which are close to the town. The roads around and through­out the whole of the Wairarapa are excellent for cycling, and some very pretty rides on the cycle are to be had. Private boarding is obtainable! at reasonable rates: there are several private hotels. Coaches run north­east to Tauern, Carswells. Tenui, Whakataki, Castle Point, Blairlogie Station. Kohiwai, Riversdale. Waikanika. and Homewood ; and south to Carterton and Greytown. The fares from Masterton to Greytown are 2s single. 3s return ; to Castle Point 15s single, 25s return : and to Home-wood 15s single. 25s return These coaches pass through a fine pastoral district, and the drive in fine weather is very pleasant. A large quantity of wool is shipped from the east coast district annually to Wellington. There is an agricultural and pas­toral association, the show of which is held every February. Has post, telegraph, and money order offices, four branch banks, two daily newspapers, residential club, gasworks, museum, benevolent society, and hospital. The town is progressing very rapidly, several handsome brick buildings having been recently erected. Water and drainage works now completed. The population of the borough by last census; was 5000. The Maori name is Mahiatone. No-license carried Novem­ber, 1908. Masterton was first settled as a town on May 20, 1854, proclaimed a borough in 1877, and connected by the railway in 1880. The name was given to it after the late Mr Masters, who died in 1874.
MASTERTON. Hawera Settlement, near Hawera.
MASTERTON. Mangahao Settlement near Eketahuna.
MATA, Taranaki. 79 miles north-west from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, then 5 miles. Post office. Dairy farming. Nearest telegraph and doctor at Eltham, 5 miles.
MATAAHU. Headland 6 m N. of Waipiro Bay.
MATAHANEA, Auckland. 230 miles south-east from Auckland, Steamer via Tauranga to Opotiki, thence 9 miles. Post and telegraph office.
MATAHIWI, Hawke's Bay. Now called Maharahara, which see.
MATAHIWI. Maori settlement near Bulls.
MATAHUA. 14 m from Waipiro Bay.
MATAHURU, Auckland. 75 miles from Auckland. Bail to Ohinewai, then road 15 miles. Lake Waikare joins the district. See also Waerenga. Post and telephone office. Name means "dead dog" or "hairy face." Nearest doctor at Huntly, 21 miles.
MATAHUEA RIVER. Flows into Lake Waikari, Auckland.
MATAI. 30 miles north from Invercargill; by rail to Centre Bush, thence four miles by good road. Farming district. Surround­ing bush is a favourite resort for shooting parties, and trout is found in the Otapira and Laura Rivers. Nearest telephone office Otepira Gorge, 2 m. Post office and mails bi-weekly. Centre Bush, 14 m. Matai means "Black pine." Nearest doctor at Winton. 12 m.
MATAI, Westland. A railway siding 18 miles from Greymonth, on the Greymouth-Reefton line. Ngahere, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Name means "Black pine."
MATAIA. A hill (356ft), Kaipara Harbour.
MATAIKUNA. See Whakataki.
MATAIMOANA, Taranaki. 62 miles north-west from Wanganui. Rail to Waverley, thence mail cart 25 miles (Mondays). Patea County^ Post office. Farming district. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, Waverley, 29 miles.
MATAIPUKU. Some rising ground near Rotorua. the site of a battlefield between the Taupo and Rotorua Natives in olden times.
MATAIWAKA. Native settlement on Wairoa River, near Para­dise, Auckland.
MATAKANA, Auckland. At head of Saltwater Creek, 48 miles north from Auckland. One steamer to and from Auckland City weekly, arrives here on Monday and departs Tuesday, as tide suits (6s, 10s return). Farming, sheep, fruit growing, kauri gum, dairy factory, and two creameries; also shark factory, where manures and very fine lubricating oils are made. Pheasant and native pigeon shooting. Roads fair. Private boarding (4s per day). Post, tele­phone, and money order office. Is at head of Matakana River. Name means "Putrid fish," from the Maoris drying sharks here. Nearest doctor at Warkworth, 6 miles. Steamer runs twice a week in summer.
MATAKANA HARBOUR. Deep land locked harbour, 34 m N. from Auckland.
MATAKANA ISLAND. 12 ½ m long. Is between entrance to Kati Kati and Tauranga harbours.
MATAKANA LOWER, Auckland. 39 miles north by weekly steamer, bi-weekly in summer,'(6s, 10s return). Rodney County. Mails weekly. Nearest telegraph Matakana, 10 miles distant. Farming district. No hotel. Nearest doctor at Warkworth, 5 miles. Good sea fishing.
MATAKANUI, Otago. In Central Otago; a gold mining and sheep run district, with post, money order, and telephone office, 126 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Omakau, then coach tri-weekly, 8 miles. Roads are fair in summer, and there is hotel and private boarding. There are some very large hydraulic sluicing claims here. Good trout fishing. Nearest doctor at Ophir, 7 miles. Formerly known as "Tinkers."
MATAKAO. Near Hicks Bay.
MATAKAOA. See Hicks Bay.
MATAKAWAU. Creek in Awhitu district.
MATAKI RIVER, Tributary of Upper Buller River.
MATAKITAKI. 77 miles from Westport. Coach to Murchison, thence 14 in by mail cart (Friday). Post and telephone office. Inangahua County. Salmon trout in abundance. Name means "Looking forward." Nearest doctor at Murchison, 14 m.
MATAKITAKI. On Mangapiko Creek, near Pirongia. Firearms were first used here by the Maoris.
MATAKITAKI RIVER, Branch of Buller River.
MATAKITAKI UPPER, Nelson. Situated on the Matakitnki River, 16 miles from Longford. Coaches three miles from township iicross the Buller River between Reefton. Westport, and Nelson, 30s ; irrives Tuesday and Friday at 7 p.m., departing Wednesday and Satur-ilay at 7 a.m. ; 75 miles from Westport. Fair cycling roads. Mining .listrict. Private boarding 25s, and hotels. Post, telephone, and money order office. Salmon trout very plentiful in river. Is 18 m from Miirchison, where nearest doctor is. Hydraulic sluicing.
MATAKOHE, Auckland. Purely a farming district; 87 miles from Auckland, at the northern end of the inner arm of Kaipara Harbour, on the Arapowa tidal river. A gumdigging centre, and has large timber industry. Pheasant and native game shooting, and schnapper ind mulK-t fishing. Rail to Helensville, then steamer Tuesday and Thursday (30 miles; 8s). In Otamatea County; and has a post, money order, and telegraph office, and savings banks. Name means Mata "pointed" and the kohe "tree." The kohe has a pointed leaf and in primitive days grew freely here.
MATAMATA, Auckland. Small settlement; railway siding. Telephone, money order, and post office. On Frankton-Rotorua rail­way; 122 miles south from Auckland. Deer stalking, pheasant and quail shooting, and trout fishing. Hot springs. Resident doctor. In the old Maori days a Maori woman here destroyed six children in succession "that she might be strong to run away from the light." Another woman destroyed all her children until she embraced Chris­tianity. She would, before that, not even look at her children for fear she should love them.
MATAMATAKORAKEKE. Native settlement on Coromandel Peninsula.
MATAMAU, Hawke's Bay. Sheep and dairy farming district. 72 miles by rail from Napier. In Dannevirke County, on the Whakaru-tapu River. Good shooting and fishing. Industries, dairying and saw-milling. Takes its name from the Matamati Stream. Post and tele­phone office.
MATANGI. 94 miles south from Auckland by rail. Dairying. Fencourt. 4 m. Post and telephone office, with store, but no hotel. Farming district. Nearest doctor at Hamilton, 7 m.
MATAPOURI. 119 miles north from Auckland by steamer (monthly, 22s 6d return). Situated on Matapouri Bay. Timber cut­ting is being carried on in the meantime, preparatory to farming and dairying industries. Good fishing and pheasant shooting. Nearest telegraph office, Ngunguru. Name means "A sickly death." Nearest doctor at Hikurangi, 16 miles. Post office.
MATAPOURI. A telephone office in the Auckland postal district.
MATAPOURI BAY. See Whananaki.
MATAPU, Taranaki. 70 miles north from Wanganui; rail to Te Roti (Stn. 2); Hawera County. Name means "Gunshot." Matapu was originally a Maori camping ground, and was fired at during the Maori War. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Eltham, 7 ½ m by telephone.
MATAPUNA, Auckland. 175 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Taumarunui, thence coach 3 miles. Sawmilling. Post and tele­graph office. Is close to the Wanganui River. Good shooting and fishing. No hotel, but good boarding.
MATARAE. 41 miles from Dunedin on Otago Central railway. See Sutton. which is the nearest post office.
MATAKANGI. See Coromandel.
MATARAO. Stream near Tuparoa.
MATARAWA, Wellington. A settlers district, 53 miles north­east from Wellington by rail. In Wairarapa South County. Trout fishing in Waihoine River, close by. Nearest doctor at Greytown.North (3 miles). Post and telephone office.
MATARAWA, Wanganui. Was the scene of the terrible "Gilfillan massacre" in 1847. the whole family except Miss Gilfillan (and her father, who was absent) being murdered by Natives. See Tavlorville.
MATARIKI. Old pa near Orepuki.
MATAROA. 96 m N.E. by rail from Wanganui. On Hautapa River. Flaxmilling, sawmilling and farming are the chief industries. Good trout fishing, and duck, pheasant, and pigeon shooting. Post, telephone, and money order office. Nearest doctor at Taihape, 6 m. Name means "The long point."
MATARUA. Hill near Makomako.
MATARUA STREAM. Tributary of the Mangahao River.
MATATA, Auckland. On the Bay of Plenty and Rivers Rangitaiki and Tarawera. 135 miles south-east from Auckland. Coach Opotiki to Te Puke passes Tuesday and Friday, arriving 5 p.m., and leaves Wednesday and Saturday. 7.30 p.m. Sheep and maize. Duck and teal shooting, and excellent fishing. Maoris charge 7s 6d lor canoe and man for day. Curative hot springs, 12 miles. Good roads. Post office : steam communication weekly with Auckland. Used to be known formerly as Richmond. A mail coach also arrives from Rotorua, 22 miles, on Tuesday and Friday, returning Wednesday and Saturday, 7.30 p.m. Nearest doctor at Whakatane, 15 miles. Post and telegraph-office. Hotel. Flaxmilling and sawmilling. Name means "dividing of waters." Steamer weekly also.
MATATERA, a small settlement about 4 miles from Dannevirke. Post office. See Dannevirke for descriptive matter.
MATATOKI. 7 miles south from Thames by rail. Post and tele­phone office. Mails daily. Farming and dairying district with creamerv. Nearest doctor at Thames, 7 miles.
MATAU, Toranaki. 44 miles cast from New Plymouth. Bail to Kiore, thence 6 miles. The Maoris say Matau means "fishhook." from the bend in the river, which resembles a fishhook. Post office and telephone. Nearest doctor at Stratford, 24 miles.
MATAU, Otago. This was the old Maori name for Clutha River. See Inch Cluthu.
MATAURA, Southland. A picturesque township on Matinira River, in Southland County; 32 miles north-east from Invercargill. Has large freezing and manure works and a paper mill (for the manufacture of brown paper), several agricultural implement works, and a dairy factory, etc. Mataura in the near future will be a manufacturing centre owing to the splendid natural water power obtainable from the river and falls. The town is lit by electricity (supplied by the Southland Frozen Meat Co.) from this water power. Has a branch Bank of N.Z., and a post and telegraph office. Half holiday held on Wednesday. The roads are very good for cyclists all round, and private board is obtainable at 20s per week, and there are two hotels. Mataura, about 1884, was formed under the Act into a town district, and remained so until eight years ago, when it was erected into a borough. It has now rateable property) to the annual value of £9000, with a rate of 2s, and has a population of about 1197.
One of the noticeable features of this town is its clean Butchery, and Bakery Establishment, carried on by MESSRS TELFER & AITKEN, situated in Bridge street, where a very extensive business is being done. Small goods in both departments are a specialty.
MATAURA ISLAND, Southland. Formed by the Mataura River branches, and possesses good farming land, all well occupied. There is a dairy factory, and a post and telegraph office. It is 33 miles south from Invercargill. By rail to Edendale. then coach daily 10 miles (4s 6d). In Southland County. Name means "reddish lustJes."
MATAURA RIVER. Considerable stream falling into Toes Toes Bay. The mouth of the river was called by the Maoris "Owi." but the river itself, about 1840, was known as Toe Toes after a Maori who lived there.
MATAURI BAY. 187 m N.W. from Auckland. By steamer to Whangaroa. coach (2s 6d) to Kaeo, then horse 13 miles. Situated on a plateau at foot of Whakarara Hill, and overlooking Matanri Bay and the Cavalli Islands. There is fair pheasant shooting, also good fishing. Gum-iliggiiig and farming are the only industries. Post office with mail service once a week. Nearest telegraph office at Kaeo. Name means "Faces of the first generation." Nearest doctor at Kaeo, 13 m.
MATAWAI. Tributary of Waiau River, Coromandel.
MATAWAI, Auckland. 47 m north-west from Giaborne; rail to Puna, then 9 miles. Name means "dead-water," from sluggish creek. Roads rough. Nearest doctor at Te Karaka, 29 miles. Post, tele­graph, and money order office. Store and boarding house. Native game shooting.
MATAWERA, Native settlement on east shore of Rotorua Lake
MATAWHAURA. Bush covered bluff at eastern end of Lake Botoiti
MATAWHERO, Poverty Bay. On Waipaoa River, five miles west by coach, running twice daily, from Gisborne, departing from here at 9 a.m. and 3 p.m., arriving at Gisborne 9.30 a.m. and 3.30p.m.; fare 1s. Coach from Patutahi and from Muriwai and Te Aral also pass, via Makaraka for Oisborne. Farming, dairying, and butter factory. Beautiful level green grass land, celebrated for its grass seed and sheep carrying capacity. Is a post and telephone office. This district is very rich for dairying. Poverty Bay grass seed is well known all over the colony as the very primest. Name means "Ruddy countenance," supposed to refer to a chief in the early days. Mata-whero was the scene of the Poverty Bay massacre, which took place here in November, 1858, when 33 white settlers—men, women, and children—were massacred by tbe rebel Maoris under Te Kooti. The centre for live stock sales in the Gisbome district. Nearest doctor at Gisborne, 5 m.
MATEMATEAONCA, Taranaki. 84 miles south-west from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, thence coach bi-weekly 18 miles (10s re­turn). Situated on the Patea River. Good fishing. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Eltham.
MATHIAS RIVER, Tributary of Rakaia River.
MATIATIA BAY, Waiheke Island.
MATIERE. 183 miles south from Auckland by rail to Ongarue, thence 22 miles by mail cart (10s). Sawmilling and farming. Telephone, money order, and post office. Boarding house. Good shoot­ing on the Ohura River. Resident doctor.
MATIHETIHE. See Mitimiti.
MATIRI See Murchison.
MATIRI RIVER. Near Longford.
MATORANI. See Taylorville.
MATORO. See Otania.
MATUKETUKE PLAINS. Plains on the Waipa River, where an early traveller says that the bones of 2000 Maoris, slain in a Native engagement, lay whitening in the sunshine, and that it was difficult to believe that so calm and lovely a spot had once been the scene of so dire a tragedy.
MATUKU, Southland. 66 miles north-west from Invercargill. Rail to Mossburn, thence hire 5 miles (7s 6d). Wallace County. Post and telegraph office. Good trout fishing, and duck and hare shooting. On the Hamilton burn or stream, from which it takes its name. Nearest doctor at Lumsden, 15 miles. MATURI BAY. Near Mongonui.
MAT WRIGHT'S BAY. Small bay in Akaroa Harbour.
MAUDE ISLAND. See Brightlands and Maori Bay.
MAUKATERE. See Mount Grey.
MAUKE, Cook Islands This island is low and flat, and is skirted by a belt of iron wood (toa), which was formerly found in large quantities, and was much sought after by traders. Mauke, like Mangaia, has a fringing' reef which, however, does not so readily lend itself to the process of crossing in canoes that obtains in Mangaia. A landing has to be effected on the edge of the reef itself, and one reaches dry land by wading or being carried through the shallow water covering the depression in the coral between the outer edge and the shore. There is another landing-place at the northern side of the island. The island of Mauke is small being only about, foursquare miles and a half in area,but it is remarkably fertile, and exports over 100 tons of copra and over 3500: boxes of oranges annually. The population consists almost entirely of natives, which total 400. Steamer from Auckland monthly.
MAUKU, Auckland. On Mauku Creek. 37 miles south from Auckland City. Rail to Pukekohe. then six miles daily coach arriving and departing for railway to suit trains (fare 1s). Coach goes on to Waiuku (fare 2s). Dairying and flaxmill. Roads fair. Private boarding at 25s : per week. Post and telephone office; :Was formerly a dence bush locality but now by the energy of the settlers, transformed into one of the most picturesque country districts in the North Island. Has beautiful falls known as, Maku Falls. Shooting and fishing close at hand. During the Maori war a British stockade here was in October, 1863. attacked, when 20 rebels and 10 Europeans were killed. Name means "Clear uf Uku." where there is no white clay found. Nearest doctor at Pukekohe, 6m.
MAUNGAITI. Native settlement on the Atiamuri-Lichfield road.
MAUNGAKAWA. Mountain and Native village in Cambridge district.
MAUNGAKARAMEA, Auckland. 110 miles from Auckland. Take steamer to Whangarei. thence 15 miles by a tri-weekly coach (Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. 4s return). In Whangarei County. Near the southern part of Whangarei Harbour. A farming and dairy­ing district entirely. A post, telephone, and money order office, and savings bank; and cheese factory. Name means "weeping mountain. Extinct volcano here. Nearest doctor at Whangarei. 15 miles.
MAUNGAKAWAKAWA. Extinct volcano near Te Ahu Ahu.
MAUNGAKIEKIE. See One Tree Hill.
MAUNGANUI BLUFF, Auckland. 158 miles north from Auckland. Take steamer to Dargaville. then rail 17 miles to Kaihn, thence six miles by horse In Hokianga County. An old-settled farming district: has store. On the Wairoa North River. The Maunganui Bluff rises abruptly from the sea to a height of 2045ft: the lakes also are very pretty, and within easy distance from the Bluff. Indus­tries: Gum and timber. Postal name now ARANOA.
MAUNGAONGAONGA. A hill 20 m from Rotonia.
MAUNGARAKI MOUNTAINS. Run parallel with shore on east coast of North Island.
MAUNGARAUPI. 98 miles from Wellington by rail. (Hukanui station.) Splendid trout fishing. Sawmill. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Hiikanui. 3 m. Is on Mangahoe River, and has attractive mountain scenery. Nearest doctor at Eketahuna, 12 m.
MAUNGARU. North of Tangowahine.
MAUNGATANIWHA. A high mountain peak near Mangamuka, Victoria Valley.
MAUNGATAPERE, Auckland. 103 m NW. from Auckland City. Steamer to Whanuarei. then 8 m by tri-wkly coach. In Marsden County. A dairying district, has a butter factory, and is within eight miles of the shores of Whangarei Harbour, on Main road to Whangarei. Post and telephone office.
MAUNGATAPU. Sacred mountain, ancient Native burial ground, near Piako.
MAUNGATAPU. A bridle track over Maungatapu Mount from Pelorus bridge to Nelson. Scene of Burgess. Kelly, Levy, and Sulli­van's highway robberies and murders in early days.
MAUNGATARIRI VALLEY. A small settlement.
MAUNGATAUTARI, Auckland. Matamata County. 110 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Cambridge, thence nine miles. Creamery here. (See Kihi.) Within four miles are the imposing Horahora Rapids. Post and telephone office. Name means "Hill where the tui is snared," from these birds being numerous in the original dense forest on the hills. Nearest doctor at Cambridge, 9 m.
MAUNGATAWHIRI, Auckland. 48 miles south from Auck­land City. Take rail to Pokeno, then 8 m horse; in Manukau County. A small farming district, with numerous lagoons abounding with grey duck, teal, pukaki, and swan. Name means "Where the trees wave" —a forest. Post and telegraph, connecting with Mercer, where doctor is. Half holiday Saturday.
MAUNGATAWHIRI VALLEY. Small farming settlement with post office. See Maungatawhiri for description, which applies equally to this place.
MAUNGATARERE. Tributary of Waiohine River.
MAUNGATIROE. Near Victoria Valley; Auckland.
MAUNGATUA, Otago. Near Taieri 'River. A dairy-farming district, 24 miles west from Dunedin. Rail to Otokia. thence 3 milea by road. Rabbit and duck shooting and trout and perch fishing. No board or hotel accommodation. Post and telephone office. See also Woorlside. In Taieri County. Maungatua means "Hill of Spirits" or "Hill of God.'' Nearest Dr. at Outram, 5 m; also P O and telph.
MAUNGATUROTO, Auckland. On Wairan River, 91 miles north-west from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, thence N.R.S.S. Co.'s steamer on Friday (fare 10s); or rail to Te Harta, thence coach 30 m (6s); or by weekly steamer direct from Auckland: Grazing and farm­ing district. Good sea fishing in tidal, rivers, and plenty of pheasant, duck, and pigeon shooting. The Waipu-Maungaturoro Gorge is worthy of a visit, and the road is good for cycling through to Waipu, 12 miles: distant. Hotel and dairy factory; private board 3s per day. Name means "lake or valley between the hills,"from its position. Post, telephone, and money order office. Extinct volcano here. Resident doctor.
MAUNGAWERA, Otago. 191 miles north-west from Dunedin, by rail to Kingston, steamer to Queenstown, then coach. Name means "Hot Mountain." Nearest doctor at Queenstown or Pembroke, 7 m (telephone). Situated between Wanaka Lake and Hawea Lake. Trout fishing, duck shooting, and deer stalking. Post and telephone office.
MAUNGERKERUHI. See Mangamahu.
MAUNU See Whangarei.
MAUREA, Native burial place near Ranoririri.
MAURICEVILLE, Wellington. Five miles from Ruamahunga River, 78 miles north by rail from Wellington City. Lime-burning, dairying, and dairy factory. Trout fishing in river, distant five miles; splendid pigeon shooting. Dorsets Cave and Grey Cave five miles distant also. Roads very hilly, but good. Has private boarding at 17s per week: post, telephone, and money order office. Many foreigners settled here. Place named after a Minister of the Crown, whose efforts opened it up and plated settlers on the land (Sir Mauricve Rourke) Was first settled in 1872 as a Scandinavian immigrants village.
MAURICEVILLE NORTH. See Hastwells.
MAURICEVILLE WEST, Wellington. 85 miles from Welling­ton. Rail to Mauriceville, thence 2 ¼ m; Mauriceville County. Mails daily. Telephone and money order office. Farming district, with store with no hotels. Named after Sir Maurice O'Rourke. by the Government of the dav. Nearest doctor at Masterton, 16 m.
MAUTERINGI. Valley near Kaitaia.
MA-WARO. 26 m west from Timaru by rail. Farming district. Good trout fishing, and rabbit, hare, and duck shooting. Poet and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Pleasant Point, 13 m. Name in Maori for "Coal Creek."
MAWHAI. South headland of Tokomaru Bay; Waiapu County.
MAWHERA CREEK. Tributary of New River, near Dunganville.
MAWHERAITI, Nelson. 39 miles north-west from Greymouth by tail, in Inangahua County. A thinly-peopled district, but has saw­mills and one hotel. Name formerly " Little Grey."
MAWHITIWHITI, Wellington. 67 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Normanby (which see), thence four miles. It is a Maori pah.
MAWITIPAUA HAY, Waiheke Island.
MAXWELL PASS. Track through hills to the Awatere.
MAXWELLTOWN, Wellington. A graziers and settlers' district for small farmers; 20 miles north-west by rail from Wanganui. The railway station is thRee miles ofF and is called Okehu. It is a post and telephone office. Maxwelltown stands between the Okehu and Pakaraka Gorges, which are remarkable for then beautiful scenery; they are on the high road between Wanganui and New Plymouth, via Hawera. The Okehu Stream is a favourite resort for trout fishing, named by R. Pharazyn when surveyed off his estate in memory of Geo. Maxwell, who was shot by Maoris near here on December 28, 1868. Drs. at Waverley (14 m) or Wanganui (15 m), both on teleph.
MAYBANK. See Taylorville.
MAYFIELD. See Freemans.
MAYFIELD, Canterbury. A. very good level sheep and farming district; 81 miles south from Christchurch. By rail to Valetta, then take coach five miles. 1s 6d ; in Ashburton County. Roads good for cyclists. Board, but no hotel. Is 22 miles from Ashburton. and seven from Ruapnna. Telephone, post, and money older office, and savings bank. Situated on Hinds River. Good shooting and fishing.
MAY HILLS, Otago. Below Martin's Bay.
MAYNE ISLANDS. Two rmall islands,half mile apart, are 1 m west of entrance to Bon Accord harbour—one named Goat Island, the other Rabbit.
MAYTOWN, Canterbury. A Government settlement in the Waimate district, which see.
MEADE, Canterbury. See Te Pirita.
MEADOWBANK. See Oamaru.
MEAGHERS CREEK. Near Barrytown.
MEDBURY, Canterbury. 57 miles north from Christchurch by rail; in Ashley County. An old-settled farming district, with good land. Roads very good for cyclists. No private boarding or hotel. Named by R. R. Manning, an early settler, after his native place in England. Post and telegraph office.
MEDHURST MOUNT, in Ashburton County.
MEEANEE, Hawke's Bay. On the Tutaekuri River, one mile and a-half from coast and five miles by Taradale coach (twice daily) from Napier, leaving here at 9.15 a.m. and 1.15 p.m., arriving back at 11.40 a.m. and 3.40 p.m. Dairying and grazing, and dairy factory. Splendid cycling roads. Has one hotel, also private boarding at 20s per week. District rich, but subject to floods. Awatoto railway station is distant one mile. In Hawke's Bay County. Post and telephone office. Sea fishing abundant one mile off. Nearest doctor it Napier, 5 miles.
The Meeanee and surrounding districts are very rich grazing lands, but are subject to occasional floods. There is splendid artesian water that will rise to 30ft above the surface of the ground in pipes.
Meeanee is an Indian name, many of which names were applied to Napier and locality by original military settlers from India.
The Roman Catholics have a mission station here, in the grounds of which vine culture and wine making is carried on.
MEEHAN'S FLAT. Near Marsden.
MEIKLEJOHN'S BAY, Lake Wakatipu.
MEKALICKSTONE. Settlement, near Pongaroa.
MELBOURNE LEASE. Land originally leased from the Maoris by Melbourne Co., near Tikimu P.O.
MELROSE. See Woodgrove.
MELROSE. See Wellington.
MELVILLE COVE, Port Gore Bay.
MENZIES FERRY. Southland County. 26 m S.E. from Invercargill by rail. Farming and dairying district, with dairy factory. Post office : nearest telegraph office Edendale, 3 m; and nearest doctor at Wyndham, 3 m.
MERCER, Auckland. On Waikato River, in Waikato County, 43 miles south by rail from Auckland. Steam launches communi­cate up and down river to Huntly, Rangiriri, Whangape, Awaroa. Ojraatia, Port Waikato, and other settlements; chiefly with stores. Good duck and swan shooting. Roads to Auckland good for cyclists. Saw and flax milling and dairy farming. Post, telegraph, and money order office. All trains to Rotorua stop here for refreshments. Called after Captain Mercer, who was killed at Rangiriri during the Maori War and buried here. Doctor from Pukekohe visits when required (teleph). Cheese factory.
MERCURY BAY. A harbour situated north-east from Thames. Settlement Whitiangi. Steamers ply to and from Auckland bi-weekly. Captain Cook landed here in 1769, and bay was named by him from the transit of Mercury being observed on November 9th, 1769, in this bay. See Whitianga.
MERCURY ISLANDS are two islands—one called Great, the other Red—on the approach to Hauraki Gulf.
MERE MERE, Wellington. A dairying district, with creamery, dairy factory, and cheese factory. 61 miles north-west from Wanganui. Take rail to Mokoia, then six miles horse. In Patea County. Is
a post and telephone office. Approached from Main South Road by way of Hawera or Mokoia, about 900ft above sea level; within 10 milen from sea beach by good road. There is a fair supply of native game and pheasants for the sportsman. A .Maori pah of the same name, which means "morning star."
MEREMERE. Native settlement, near Mercer.
MERINO DOWNS, Otago. 81 miles from Dunedin. Rail to Maitland via Gore, then 5 m hire. Farming district. A little shooting and fishing. Post office. Nearest telephone office at Maitland. 5 miles.
MERIVALE. See Christchurch.
MERRIJICS, Nelson. A mining township 9 m from Reefton by coach, which is the nearest telegraph office. Quartz and alluvial sluicing and extraction by cyanide process being carried on. One hotel. All supplies obtained from Reefton. Merrijigs is situated on a branch of Slab Hut Creek. Supposed to be named from the rough track in olden days. Doctor at Reefton. Post office.
MERRIVALE, .Southland. A farming and mining district, 42 miles north-west from Invercargill. Take rail to Otautau. then 10 miles horse. In Wallace County. Ora\via. 5 m off, is nearest post office. Place was named after the Men-hale Estate here.
MERTON, Utago. A very old farming district, in Waikouaiti County, and now a thriving dairy district, having a creamery and supplying about 1000 gallons of milk per day. Good shooting ami fishing close at hand—ducks and rabbits, and a few hares. Trout and deep sea fishing. Distant 29 miles from Dnnedin by rail, and 21 miles by the north load, which is very good but hilly. Post and telephone office three miles from Merton railway station. Named by Mrs Brunton after her birthplace in Britain. Doctor at Waikouaiti, 6 m.
MESOPOTAMIA. 67 m from Ashburton, via Mt. Somens. A land of veritable mountain and flood.
METELILLE GLACIER. In Southern Alps, vicinity of Mt. Cook.
METHVEN, Canterbury. The terminus of the Rakaia-Methven branch line, 58 miles from Christchurch; in Ashburton County. A post and telegraph and money order office. One of the oldest,sheep and farming districts of Canterbury, formed of good land, and well worked The township has stores, school, and two hotels, and has also private boarding houses. Roads very good for cyclists in all seasons. A coach runs to Ashburton. 23 in, on Tuesday and Saturday. Named by R. Patton early settler, after his birthplace in Scotland. Resident, doctors.
METREWAI. Near Helensville.
MICKEY TOWN. See Sanson.
MIDDLE HILL (5254ft). In upper Ashburton district.
MIDDLEHURST. See Molesworth.
MIDDLE KYEBURN. Set Kyeburn Diggings.
MIDDLEMARCH, Otago Central railway. 49 m N.W. by rail from Dunedin. Farming district. Near Taieri River. Hare, pigeon, duck, and rabbit shooting and trout fishing. Very good cycling road. Two hotels, no private board. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Named by Mrs Humphries, wife of surveyor of site, after Geo. Eliot's novel "Middlemarch." then just published. Doctor here. The Salvation Army have a Children's Institute here, and the Rock and Pillar Sanatorium for consumptives is near here.
MIDDLETON, Canterbury. A railway siding four miles south from Christchurch on the Christchurch – Southbridge line. Sockburn, five miles distance, is the nearest post office, which see.
MIDDLETON, Wellington, see Kuripuni.
MIDDLEVALE, Southland. On the Mataura River, 36 miles by rail (Charlton Station) from Invercargill and four miles from Gore. Which is the nearest telegraph office. Trout fishing. Is in the valley of the river and midway between Gore and Mataura; hence its name. Nearest doctor at Mataura 3 ½ m. Post office.
MIDHURST. Taranaki. A dairy-farming and sawmilling settlement, 27 miles south-east by rail from New Plymouth: in Stratford county. The Midhurst Butter Factory is one of the largest in the Dominion, and has six creameries connected with it. Sawmilling is largely carried on here. Pheasant shooting and trout fishing close to township, both good. Mount Egmont is easily reached from here at a nominal cost. One hotel, private board, 4s per day. Roads are good for cycling. See also Stratford, which is three miles away, and Mount Egmont. Is 1122ft above sea level. Named by A.C. Fookes, founder of the district, after his home in England. Post telegraph and money order office.
MID RIVERS. Near Glenorchy. Agricultural district.
MIHI. See Waiotapu.
MIHIWAKA. 12 miles by rail from Dunedin. Farming and dairying; has a creamery. Long Beach situated about two miles from here and well worth a visit. Post Office at Purakanui.
MIKIMIKI. See Opaki.
MIKO. Nelson, 24 miles north from Westport. Rail to Ngakawau (also nearest telegraph office) thence four miles. Small farming district with post office.
MIKONUI. Small river 24m south of Hokitika. Also telegraph office of same name.
MILBURN. Otago. The site of a busy lime-burning industry, and also the centre of a good farming district, four miles from Milton and 32 from Dunedin on the railway line; in Bruce County. Roads very good, being main road to Milton. No hotel or private board here, but at Milton (where doctor is), 4m. Is a poat and telephone office. First selected farm of W. Black was here and named by surveyors from the stream running here then.
MILFORD. See Temuka.
MILFORD LAGOON. Mouth of the Opihi River, South Canterbury.
MILFORD SOUND. Situated on the west coast of Otago, tt and most the grandest and most magnificent of fiords, is so world-wide known that there is no need to give more than a few particulars here. It is surrounded by the highest mountains of the West Coast; Pembroke Peak, with its glaciers, on the left hans side entering the Sound, being some 6710ft in height, while Mitre Peak so called for its appearance, on the right hand sideentering Sound, is 5560ft high. Another principal feature is the Lion, which resembles a lion couchant. The Sutherland Falls are an attraction of this locality that may not be seen from the Sound, being some 14 miles inland. For tourist visiting from Milford there is now a good track – the trip of course must be done on foot, but for an average walker it is not a heavy one. There is a hut at the falls where it is necessary to stay over night, the return trip being made the following morning. In addition to the Sutherland Falls there are the splendid Bowen and Stirling waterfalls, while the Cleddau and the Arthur Valleys at the head of the Sound are famed fur their magnificent grandeur. Between the Sound and the Sutherland Falls is Lake Ada in the Arthur Valley, a beautiful lake upon which the Government have placed boats for the convenience of tourists proceeding to the Falls. The overland route from Te-Anau to Sutherland Falls, the highest in the world (1904ft), and Milford Sound is the latest development of tourist travel in New Zealand, and is, without doubt, the finest known streteb of scenery in the whole length and breadth of the land. Bail to Lumsden from Invercargill or Dunedin, thence coach Wednesdays and Saturdays to Lakes Te Anau or Manapouri, thence steamer to Head of the Lake, thence on foot with guides. The Government have done much to make the route practicable by clearing tracks, building footbridges and huts, the latter being erected at con­venient distances apart. The route follows the Clinton Valley, presenting ever-changing views of river, bush, and mountain scenery, and rises by an easy grade 1300ft in the 11 miles to the Government hut at Lake Mintara, a small but beautiful lakelet at the foot of M'Kinnon's Pass ; it then as­cends 1500ft in a mile and a-quarter (this being the only stiff climb in the journey) to the top of the Saddle. 3500ft above sea, level, the view from which point is one of the most magnificent for Alpine scenery in the world, and amply repays the trouble to obtain it : Mount .Tervois Glacier stand­ing on the right after leaving the summit. The descent to Beech huts is 2500ft in about two and a-half miles, whence it is a mile easy going to Sutherland Falls. Beech huts are 13 miles from Milford, four miles of which is by boat down Lake Ada. The grades are not heavy, and the track very good : this part of the journey occupies about seven hours. Named hv Captain Stokes, H.M.S. Acheron, owing to some similarity to Milford. England.
At Milford there is a most comfortable accommodation house, with post office attached, kept by Sutherland, the discoverer of the Falls. In close proximity to Milford there is a splendid ice fall and a very beautiful glacier, both of which are of easy access, and well worth a visit, as also the Bowen Fall, which is close to Sutherland's. Many ladies have visited both the falls and Milford ; and provided a guide and plenty of time taken (say four or five days for the return trip from the head of the lake), there is no obstacle to prevent a«y-nne "doing" this route. The accommodation house terms here are 10s per day ; over 7 days. 8s per day. The Arthur River and Lake Ada are well stocked with salmon and trout, and there is excellent sea fishing in the Sound. Sutherland provides tents, guides, boats, and provisions, etc., for all places if required. Teal and grey duck, pigeon, kaka shooting, etc., are to be obtained within easy distance of the accommodation house. From head of Milford to Sutherland Falls is 13 miles inland by a good track; seven miles is gone over by boat to falls ; charge, £1 to falls and back. Oil launch is available to take tourists to and from the landing, at „ Sandfly, Arthur River, and around the Sound and entrance. Two good huts at falls accommodate 40. Good scenery all along Arthur Valley, and grand scenery on Lake Ada and up the Cleddau River; good "walking first two miles, other parts bush. It i.s as well that the tourist, before undertaking this trip, should inquire at the Tourist Department for information, as there is only limited room at the various huts en route. The overland track is open for six months of the vear (in summer). Distant from Lumsden. where nearest Dr. is, 140 m : from Bluff, by soa. 217 m. The accommodation house is on Cleddau River, head of the Sound.
MILL BAY. On Manukau harbour. First sawmill established in the Dominion. See Huia.
MILL BROOK. A branch of the Waipu River.
MILL ROAD, Otago. A railway siding 135 miles south from Dunedin, on the Dunedin-Invercargill line. One-Tree Point, 1 m, but the nearest post office is Kennington.
MILLTOWN. Village near Sonthbridge, Canterbury.
MILLER'S FLAT, Otago. A well-known farming and gold mining district where dredges are doing good work. It is 86 m north­west from Dunedin by way of Lawrence, where coaches leave daily, a drive of 30 miles; fare 10s; in Tuapeka County; and a postal and tele­phone and money order office. Is on Molyneux River. Named after first land selector, known as Watty Miller. Nearest Dr. at Roxburgh, 12 m.
MILLERTON, Nelson. 18 miles N.E. from Westport. Railway to Granity at foot of hill (2 m). Entirely coal mines; coal lowered to Granity and then trucked to Westport. Post, telephone, and money order office. Hotels, boarding houses, and stores.
MILTON, Otago. Formerly known as Tokomairiro, is a pros­perous inland borough and county town ; on the Tokomairiro River, and on the main road from Dunedin. At the junction of the Milton-Lawrence line, 35 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin. Population of borough at last census, 1380. Owing to the fact that lime is easily obtainable, here it has been much used lately by the farmers and others, and has greatly improved the value of land in this district. There are flourmills. dairy and produce factories, woollen mill, brick works, cordial manu factory, coal pits, and pottery works. Has two banks, an agricultural' and pastoral society, bi-weekly newspaper, post, money order, and telegraph and telephone exchange. The roads are level and excellent for cycling : and there are several private boarding houses and private hotels. High School, and private schools. Resident doctors. No-licenso district. Good trout fishing and rabbit shooting in neighbourhood. Half holiday held on Saturday. Milton is one of the oldest boroughs' in Otago. Government poultry farm worth inspecting here. Named by surveyors "Milltown." there being here a flour mill owned by P. M'Gill.
MIM I. See Pukearuhe and TJrenui.
MIMI VALLEY. See Uruti Road.
MIMIHA VALLEY. Near Helena Bay.
MIMIHAU, Southland. 35 m E. from Invercargill. Take rail to Wyndham, which is the nearest telegraph office, then mail cart 9 miles. In Southland County. Is in the centre of a good farming district, and entirely kept up by sheep-rearing and crops. Cycling roaofe good; but- no private boarding or hotel. Is on the Mimihau and Waierikiki Streams, where the best fly fishing in Southland is obtain­able; 531b of trout have been caught in one day by a single angler, and 301b and 401b baskets are quite common in the first of the season, trout weighing from 41b dtownwards. . A few ducks on the streams. Pigeons fairly numerous in large bush adjoining. Name is also that of the district and the river which flows through the valley into the Mataura. joinin:: it at Wyndham. Two creeks, Mimi and Hau, unite below Venlaw Station, the river below that taking good fisherman's hut has been erected at the junction of the three rivers. Nearest doctor at Wymiham, 9 m. Post and telephone office.,
MIMIWHANGATA. A bay near. Helena Bay. See Helena.
MINERAL SPRINGS AND WATERS. N.Z. is singularly rich in springs of water holding mineral salte in solution, and these are already noted for their valuable medicinal properties. Some of the acid baths, such as the "Priests'" Bath at Rotorua, have nothing equal to them in use in any part of the world. Both hot and cold springs are found, the former being chiefly in the North Island. The following are chief mineral springs in N.Z : Ohaeawai. hot. 17 m from Bay of Islands; Waiwera. hot. 30 m N. of Auckland; Kamo. cold, 4 m from Whangarei : Puriri. cold. 10 m from Thames: White Island, hot. near coast (no use medicinally) ; Turikore, Te Koutii. Koreteoteo. Kuirua .Manupoura. Carneron's Bath. Arikikapaka, Wrekari. Te Kute. Te Mini. To Kauwhanga Pain Killer Bath, and Sulphur Bay Springs all hot and in the Rotorua and Rotomahana districts, and are all useful in rheumatic affections and skin diseases; Otumuhika (3), Ruahine, Orakeikorako, Murray's Bath, Alum Cave, Crows' Nest, Waipakahi, Te Hnkahuka, Tarawera, and Parkes's Spring are all from Taupo Lake, and contain iodine, and are of use internally as well as externally ; Wangape (hot) and Onetapu, in Waikato district, from foot of Ruapehu Mountain. All the above-mentioned are in the Auckland district. Roparoa, Manutahi, Pepoti, and Waipaoa are in the East Cape and Poverty Bay districts, and yield oil ; Waipero, hot, is also in the same district ; Wallingford, Pahua, Burton's Spring, Akateo (2) are cold springs in Wellington district, and contain iodine (Pahua largely). Hanmer Plain Springs, hot and cold, famous in rheumatic and skin diseases ; Sumner Lake Springs, hot. but not of value; and Amberley Spring, unfit for use. are all in Canterbury ; Wickliffe Bay. in Otago, across from Port Chalmers, is saline but not of value. Gibson's Spring, in Southland, useful in diarrhoea. Refer also to Hanmer Springs and Thermal Springs.
The mineral waters of New Zealand are classified, from analyses made in the Colonial Laboratory, under the following groups : —
Saline.—Containing chiefly chloride of sodium.
Alkaline.—Containing carbonates and bicarbonates of soda and potash.
Alkaline Siliceous.—Waters containing much silicic acid, but changing rapidly on exposure to the atmosphere, and becoming alkaline.
Hipatic or Sulphurous--Waters the prominent character of which is the presence of sulphuretted hydrogen and sulphurous acid.
Acid Waters—In which there is an excess of mineral acids, such as hydrochloric; and sulphuric acid.
Mud Baths--In addition to the clear-water baths, there are what are termed mud baths, in which the mineral waters are mixed with a pasty clay. Their properties vary with the nature, strength, and temperature of the mineral waters, the latter being maintained by steam jets. The best known mud bath is at Sulphur Point, Kotorua. It is an acid bath, a-nd is also rich in sulphuretted hydrogen, one gallon including as much as 10.12 grains of this gas. It lias, therefore, a very powerful action on the liver, but is somewhat dangerous, and must be used with caution.
MINE CREEK, Nelson. 21 in N.E. from Weetport. Rail to Granity, thence 4 miles. Post and telegraph office. Coal mining. See also Millerton.
MINERS HEAD, Great Barrier Island. A point near Port Fitzroy The scene of the wreck of the s.s. Wairarapa, October 29, 1894. when 150 lives were lost.
MINERVA, Westland. 23 miles north from Greymouth. Rail to Ngahere, then 10 miles road. Situated amongst hills. Quartz mining. Nearest telegraph Blackball, five miles distant. Mails arrive and depart Saturday. Now also a coal mining locality on the Blackball Creek, which rises in the Paparoa Ranges (4000ft), a new coal mine 2 m off being opened. Named from a quartz reef here. Nearest Dr. at Blackball. 5 m. Post office.
MINOR PEAK (2369ft). Head of Lake Wakatipu.
MIRAMAR. A portion of Greater Wellington; about four miles S.E. from the city by electric car. Main road to Seatoun and Worser Bay passes through. Football, polo, and hockey are played on the splendid level paddocks. Miramar has a most interesting Maori history, over 20 pa sites having been traced and many valuable relics discovered. An extensive scheme of reclamation at the head of Evans Bay, with wharves, for city industries is being undertaken by the Wellington Harbour Board and City Council. Considerable and rapid expansion is taking place through the exten­sion of the electric trams and the establishing of industries. Mails delivered daily. Post and telephone. The beaches at Seatoun. Worser Bay, Karaka Bay, Scorching Bay, and Breaker Bay, all of which are on Miramar Peninsula, offer many attractions to pleasure seekers.
MIRAMAR PENINSULA. Forming western side of entrance to Wellington Harbour.
MIRANDA, Auckland. On the Thames Bay, 12 m south from, Thames by weekly steamer from Auckland. In Waikato County. Post and telegraph office. Miranda was, when settled,, the centre of large Maori settlements and headquarters of the Ngatipaoa trib. So called after H.M.S. Miranda, which landed troops in the early days,: who built the Miranda redoubt. Nearest doctor at Thames, 12 m.
MIRANUI, Auckland. See Ngatira.
MIRO, Taranaki. 20 miles by rail from New Plymouth (Norfolk Road station). Is six miles east of Mount Egmont. Dairying and saw-milling. Pheasants and hares abundant, and good trout fishing near. Named Miro from the large number of miro trees found here. Oil boring carried on Nearest tel. and Dr. at Inglewood, 3 m.
MIRO WHAKATIKI. Volcanic hill near Ruatangata W.
MISERY MOUNT. Peak in Malvern Hills, and also near Bealey.
M ITCHAM. 44 miles south from Christchurch by rail. Selwyn Comity. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Lamiston. 5 m. Nearest doctor at Rakaia. 8m.
MITCHELLTOWN. Suburb of Wellington, which see. Post :md telegraph office.
MITIARO. One of the annexed Pacific Islands, lying about 40 miles to the north-east of Atiu and an equal distance from Mauke. Its area is only about four square miles. It contains some good land and is capable of producing over 100 tons of copra annually, and some hundreds of boxes of oranges are exported annually.
MITI MITI, Auckland. 18 miles from Rawene. A Native village 8 in from Hokianga Heads, and between there and Whangape on the west coast beach. Steamer irregularly from Auckland via Rawene, which see. Miti Miti means "Lick,'lick," from the Maoris seeing insects close to the creek and apparently licking the water. Nearest tel. and Dr. at Whangape, 8 m. Post office and store.
MITITAI, Auckland. On the Wairoa River; 95 miles north from Auckland. Take rail to Helensville, then steamer 65 miles tri-weeklv; fare, 12s 6d. In Hobson County. Post, telephone and money order office. Entirely a farming district. A ferry runs between here and Aratapu daily. Plenty shooting—native game, pigeons, pheasants, etc. Flaxmill. Cattle and horse sales held monthly, Ara-pohere yards, ½ m from ferry.
MITRE PEAK. A remarkably shaped mountain in Milford Sound, on the West Coast of the South Island. It rises in one grand precipice of 5560ft from the surface of the sound. See Milford Sound. There is an accommodation house on the bank of the Cleddau River at the head of Milford Sound. 10 miles from sea coast. Hood sea fishing close at hand —cod, mullet, kingfish, herring, ling, flounders, crawfish, and a lot of others. Good trout fishing close at hand in Arthur River and on Lake Ada, two miles off. Good dnck shooting—grey, teal, and others kinds— pigeons, kakas, etc.
MITRE PEAK. One of the principal peaks of the Tararus Range.
MOA. See Inglewood.
MOA BONE POINT. Between Christchnrch and Sumner, a cave in which Maori relics were found.
MOA CREEK. 126 miles north-west from Dnnedin. Rail to Omakau, thence 13 m. Nearest telegraph office Poolburn. 6 m. Ha» a post and telephone office. Good shooting. Farming and sheep dis­trict. Named from the moa bones found at first survey on banks of creek. Nearest doctor at Ophir, 11 m.
MOA FLAT. See Roxburgh.

MOANA, Westland. A sawmilling and hush district, 23 miles south-east by rail from Greymouth; in Grey County; on Lake Brunner. Boats and oil launches obtainable for lake fishing, and game plentiful Name means ''Big water," being on edge of lake. Post, telephone anJ money order office. Nearest doctor at Brunnerton, 16 m.
MOANATAIRI. See Thames.
MOANATAIRI CREEK. See Thames.
MOANGAWHEKE. Tributary of Northern Wairoa River.
MOAWHANGO, Hawke's Bay. On river of same name, tribu­tary of Rangitikei. 211 miles N.E. from Wellington. Rail to Taihape, thence coach tri-weekly 20 miles (6s). Sheep entirely. Trout in river, but banks are precipitous. Roads hilly. Private boarding at 20s per week. Has a post, money order, and telephone office.
MOEATOA, Auckland. 169 miles S.W. from Auckland. Rail to Te Kniti, thence horse 37 miles (5s per day). Post and telegraph office. The ride is perhaps one of the finest for scenery in the North Island.
MOEAWATEA. Taranaki. 39 m N.W. from Wanganni. Rail to Waverley, thence 6 m. Post office. Nearest telegraph and doctor. Waverley.
MOEHAU. Highest point of Moehau Peninsula 2910ft high with several summits and densely-wooded. Near Cape Colville. The N.Z. Granite Co.'s quarries are here. 70 miles N.E. from Auckland. By steamer direct to Cabbage Bay, thence 16 miles.
MOEKAU RANGE. Extends from Cabbage Bay through Col­ville Peninsula.
MOENCAWAHINE. 122 miles from Auckland. By steamer to Whangarei, thence 25 miles. Post office.
MOENGAWAHINE RIVER. Flows into Northern Wairoa.
MOERAKI, Canterbury. A railway station, 29 miles from Christchurch, on Christchurch-Oxford West line. Cust, three miles distant, is the nearest post and telegraph office.
MOERAKI, Otago. Is a favourite sea coast resort south of Oamaru ; one mile from Hillgrove station and also near Hampden (both of which places see). It is a great sea fishing centre, and about 10 boats are always engaged in the industry. Hillgrove is the name of the railway station and postal office. Has a telephone bureau. There are several boarding houses here. Fine beach extending for some three or four miles to Hampden. Good bathing, but bathers should beware of sharks, which are attracted by the fish offal. A sad fatality occurred here in 1906, a shark attacking a bather. Nearest doctor is at Palmerston or Herbert. Moeraki is an ideal place for a holiday. A day's fishing with the fisherman is an enjoyable outing to good sailors. Doctor at Herbert is connected by wire with Hampden. Name means ''Sunny Hill."
MOERANGI. High peak 4 m south of Rotorua.
MOEROA, Taranaki. 96 miles N.W. from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, coach to Omoana, thence 9 miles. Post and telegraph office.
MOETARA ISLAND, Tolaga Bay.
MOEWAI, Mercury Bay.
MOEWHARE. 108 miles from N. Auckland by steamer (22s 6d return). Telegraph and post office. Name means "sleeping place,'' and is at the junction of several roads. Nearest doctor at Whangarei, 16 m.
MOHAKA, Hawke's Bay. 53 m N.E. by coach (Tues. and Fri.), from Napier, or by steamer to Wairoa, then 22 miles. In Wairoa County. A post, telegraph, and money order office. Entirely a sheep station district; on road from Napier to Wairoa. One hotel. A large Maori pah, now one mile off, with resident Native clergy­man. Rebel Maoris, under Te Kooti, massacred in December, 1868. seven white settlers; and again in April, 1869, in battle with rebels, 57 Europeans were wounded and killed, and 12 rebels killed.
MOHAKA UPPER, Hawke's Bay. Now called Te Haroto. which see.
MOHANGA BAY. See Karaka Bay.
MOIRS HILL (1117ft). Between Waiwera and Kaipara Heads.
MOIKOI. A small island in Tory Channel, regarded with great dread by the Maoris as it is an old burying place, and the Maoris think that to tread on its shores means death
MOITAPU BAY, Mahau Sound.
MOKAI, Auckland. 191 m south from Auckland by rail to Putnruru, then by Mokai Co:'s private line, 52 m (14s, 17s 6d). Mails daily; telephone and M O O. Taupo Tofcara Timber Co.'s sawmill here. Shooting and fishing (9 m). Name means "slave." Fairly good roads.
MOKAMOKO. See Pounawea.
MOKAU, Taranaki. At mouth of Mokau River. oni1 mile from bar, and port of the district ; 52 miles north by steamer from New Plymouth, via Waitnra; fare, 10s; in. Kawhia County. Two coal mines 23 miles up river, to which two steamers trade from Waitara. Shooting good—pheasants and wild pigeons ; good river fishing in summer. Beautiful Navigable river, its shores being clothed with primeval forests up to water's edge. Roads not jroorl for cycling. No hotel, being in King Country : hut private board 4s per day. Good grazing district. Post office. Mokan settled only recently (about 1894). and has made great strides. The whole country is taken up in 2.000 to 5,000 acre blocks, and all the settlers appear to be doing well. They are all grazing runs. The crop of wool is getting larger every year. The port of Mokau is the centre where all the import and export is done.
There is a lime kiln turning out large quantities chiefly sold to fanners in Taranaki. There are two sawmills, and scows are char­tered to convey the timber to Sydney. There is abundance of good timber. The two steamers are kept hard at work bringing goods inwards and coal outwards. Coach road is formed from Waitara through Mokau to Te Kuiti, which connects Taranaki with Auck­land. Name means " Sleeping river," from the Mokau, which seems to run very slowly. May be reached by rail to Waitara. then steamer 41 m. bi-weekly. Post and telephone office. Telegraph office at Pilot: Station. In old Maori days here were killed and eaten 200 defeated Maoris on one occasion, and later a similar number, with women and children, were clubbed and eaten
MOKAU. near Puketutu.
MOKE CREEK, Otago. At junction of Moonlight and Moke Rivers, nine miles north from Queenstown (which is the nearest telegraph office) : but only mountain track, pack horses being used. Gold sluicing. Fishing in Moke Lake, short distance away. No roads. No hotels or boarding. In Lake County. Post office.
MOKE LAKE. North-weet base of Ben Lomond.
MOKIHINUI, Nelson. A bituminous coal mining township, situated on Mokihinui River, 26 miles north by rail from Westport. One hotel, no private boarding house. Sawmill and coal mine in town­ship, also see St. Helens and Seddonville. Nearest doctor at Seddonville. 2 in.
MOKIHINUI MINES. 31 miles north by rail from Westport. Timber cutting. About one and a-half miles from State Coal Mine. Telephone and post office. Good fishing and shooting.
MOKO HINAU. Island 14 to 20 m north-west of Great Barrier Island.
MOKOIA, Wellington. See Manutahi. Government survevors were in 1867 stopped by Maoris here. Post and telephone office. Dairy factory. Is 6 m south from lluwera. and 54 m north-west from Wanganui by rail, and 2 m from coast. Tongahoe and Manawopore Rivers run on' either side, entering the sen within quarter of a mile of each other. About 4 m inland there is lovely scenery, known as Poko Moko Gorge, now taken over as a reserve by Government. Nearest doctor at Ilawera, 6 m.
MOKOIA. Kasily reached by steam launch from Rotorua. Is the celebrated historic island in the centre of Rotorua, the island home of the fathers of the tribe, and the seat of the religious ceremonies where the old tohungas, or priests, kept sacred the emblems or treasures which they brought from their ancestral home —the legendary Hawaiki. On the shores of Mokoia is the bath of Hinemoa. celebrated in legend and song, which has been recently restored,
MOKONUI See Te Araroa.
MOKO POINT. Proinitory in Manukau Harbour.
MOKORETA, Southland. A sheep and fanning district in Southland County ; 40 miles east from Invercargill. Take rail to Wyndham, then by horse 13 miles. Main road fair. No private boarding or hotel. A post and telephone office. Plenty trout and eel fishing. Wild pigs and rabbit shooting. On Wyndham River and in the Wyndham Valley, which is about 25 m long, through which river runs. Good land, but unworkable owing to bad means of transit for produce. Dairying and cheese factory and sheep and cattle rearing; also flax-milling (6 mills). Coach to and from Wyndham Tues. and Fri. 9.30 a.m, returning same day 2 p.m. Name means ''sweet water." Doctor" at Wyndham by telephone. Mount Bleak, on east side of valley, is an extinct crater full of water, from which mount flows a magnificent waterfall.
MOKORETA RIVER. Trubutary of Mataura River.
MOKOROA. Abandoned Native pah on Okataina Lake.
MOKOTUA, Southland. 13 miles east by rail to Mokotua station from Invercargill; in Southland County. A farming district entirely, with a post and telephone office, and there is also a tele­graph office at Woodlands. 7 m off, where doctor is.
MOKU MOKU. See Mangahao.
MOLESWORTH, Marlborough. A sheep station district only, with post and telegraph office. 80 miles south-west by weekly coach (20s) from Blenheim. In Marlborough County. The Awatere River rises here, near the homestead. The Clarence. Acheron, Saxton, Alma, Severn, and Wairau Rivers flow through the run in various places. Wild duck (paradise and grey) and swans are to be seen near the Wairau River. Wild deer are numerous. Nearest doctor at Seddon, 60m.
MOLESWORTH, Auckland. The old name of Mangawai, which see.
MOLESWORTH STREET, Wellington. A branch post, telegraph, and money order office at Thomdon end of Wellington.
MOLYNEUX. A district and river of Otago. See under Rivers; also under Otago. The name Molyneux was given to the river by Captain Cook. It was called by the Maoris Matau, and was named Clutha by the Otago Association after the Gaelic name for the Clyde (Scotland).
MOMAHAKI, Wellington. Now called Moumahaki, which see.
MOMONA, Otago. 16 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Allanton, then 2 ½ m by daily mail cart, 9.30 (fare, 6d). Post and tele­phone office. Creamery in active work. Is on the Taieri - River. Wildfowl plentiful. When land was cut up for settlement was'named' Momona. which means "good land."
MOMUS MOUNT (6904ft). At head of Rockburn.
MONA BAY. On north-east side- of Great Barrier Island.
MONA BUSH. 4 m from Woodlands.
MONA GLACIER. In Southern Alps, vicinity of Mount Cook.
MONAVALE. Cambridge, Auckland.
MONEYMORE, Otago. ,59 miles south-west from Duiiedin, on the Tokoinairim Plain. Rail to Milton, then 4 m. Is named after the town of Moncymore. Ireland, by an early settler. Nearest telegraph office Milton. 4 in. where nearest doctor is Post office.
MONGAHOE. See Hunterville.
MONGAONE. See Eketahuna.
MONGAORONGO. See Otoroliaiiga.
MONGATUHU. See Strathmore.
MONGEPEKAU. Settlement near Matahuru. Post office.
MONGONI RIVER. Runs through Kiranga, Palmerston North.
MONGONUI. See Manganui.
MONGONUI RIVER, Flows into Wairoa River.
MONGUNGU. Oldest cemetery in New Zealand, founded 1826, near Kohn Kohu.
MONKEY ISLAND. South-east corner of Orepuki Bay.
MONOWAI LAKE. 9 m from Blackmount.
MONOWAI RIVER. Tributary of Waiau River.
MONOWAI ROCKS. 4 ½ m south-east from Gable End foreland.
MONROE MOUNT. North side of Awatere River.
MONTROSE. See Culverden.
MOONLIGHT, Otago. A small district of farmers and settlers, 69 miles from Dunedin. By rail to Palmerston, then coach 28 miles ; in Waihemo County. Post and telephone office. Coach runs Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, and returns Tuesday. Thursday, and Saturday ; 7s 6d. 12s 5d return. Hares plentiful. Has creamery. Trout fishing. Named after Geo. Moonlight, an early prospector. Nearest doctor at Middlemarch, 18 in.
MOONLIGHT CREEK. Largest nugget discovered in New Zea­land here. See Atarau.
MOONLIGHT POINT, near Murchison.
MOONLIGHT UPPER. On Moonlight Creek, 32 miles from Greymouth. Rail to Ahaura, then 10 miles horse (crossing Grey Raver ferry. 1s). Atarau 4 miles off. which see. Gold mining district, which has produced large nuggets, from 40oz to 80oz each, and ground still good. £200 worth of gold was bought by the Government for the Exhibition. Nearest telegraph office Ahaura. Is 6 m above Moon­light Creek. A charming locality, lying between two lofty hills.
MOONSHINE VALLEY. 25 m from Wellington, near Pahautanui.
MOORHOUSE RANGE. In Upper Rangitata district, Ashburton County.
MOORHOUSE RANGE. In Southern Alps.
MORAINE CREEK. Flows from Lake Adelaide into Hollyford River.
MORAHAHI. A headland. 305ft high, near the extreme of Anaura Bay.
MOREA. See Alakino
MORERE, Hawke's Bay. 41 miles from Gisborne. or 105 miles north from Napier. Steamer to Wairoa, then weekly coach 26 miles (10s). On the coast. A sheep station district, with post office and telegraph office. Is 26 miles from Wairoa. and is on the Cisborne road, half a mile from the Nuhaka Hot Springs. Has one hotel. Nearest doctor at Wairoa. 25 m.
MORLEY CREEK. 6 m from Nightcaps.
MORLEY VILLAGE. Adjoins Nightcaps.
MORMONTOWN. Near Westport
MORNINGSIDE. A portion of Kingsland and Mount Alberts suburbs in Auckland City. MORNINGTON, Otago. A municipality with a population of 4675 and a suburb of Dunedin, connected by cable car. Post, telegraph, and money order office. See Dunedin.
MORNINGTON,Wellington. Adjoins Berhampore, Brooklyn,and Happy Valley, reached either by car to Brooklyn or by Island Bay car to corner of Luxford street and Adelaide road from Wellington city. A favourite residential portion of Wellington.
MOROA PLAIN. See Morrison Bush.
MOROTIRI, or CHICKEN ISLANDS. A group about a mile outside Whangarei Harbour. MORRINSVILLE, Auckland. The county township for Piako County, 17 miles east by rail from Hamilton and 103 from Auckland. The centre of a good agricultural district, and is surrounded by sheep stations. Has one hotel ; fair cycling roads ; and private board is obtain­ able from 18s to 50s per week. Is a post, telegraph, and money order, and savings bank. This is the junction of the Thames and Rotorua lines. Named after the late Mr Thomas Morrin, who originally purchased the estate.
MORRISON'S, Otago. Formerly and still known locally as Waihemo. An old sheep-farming district near the Shag River, now developing into agriculture. There is gold sluicing carried on to a limited extent. On the old coach road to Naseby. Coaches from Palmerston on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, returning Monday, Wednesday and Friday; or by rail to Dunback, thence coach 15 miles on same days. There is good fishing in the Shag River, one mile off; rabbits are plentiful. The roads are very good for cyclists and largely used; there is no hotel, but boarding may be obtained. It is 65 miles north from Dunedin. In Waihemo County; has post and telephone office. Name changed as above, about 1870, at request of post office, and called after an early settler. Nearest Dr. at Palmerston. 25 m.
MORRISON'S BUSH, Wellington. Formerly quite a bush district, but now cleared and occupied by farmers and sheep breeders. Is 56 miles N.E. from Wellington. By rail to Greytown, then walk or ride four miles. In South Wairarapa County. Post and telegraph office. Named after old settlers. Nearest doctor at Greytown, 4 m.
MORTON MAINS, Southland. 17 m north-east from Invercargill by rail, with post and telephone office and dairy factory. Nearest' doctor at Wyndham, 10 m. Farming district.
MORVEN, Canterbury. Situated on Waihao River, a few miles from the coast, and 31 miles south from Timaru by rail, on main line of railway. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Formerly called Waihao. Place named after Morven Hills in Scotland by first owner, Allan McLean. Fanning, creamery, stores ; mails daily.
MORVEN HILLS. See Cromwell.
MOSGIEL, Otago. 10 miles south by rail from Dunedin, on the Taieri Plains: in Taieri County. A borough and county town, with a population at last census of 1595. The principal support of the town-ship are the woollen mills, which employ a large number of hands. There is a colliery and coal pits, condensed milk factory, flourmills, a dairy factory, two banks (N.Z. and National), bi-weekly newspaper, two hotels, boarding houses, and board is easily obtainable privately. The roads are very good for cycling Invercargill way, but Saddle Hill on the Dunedin side of the town has first to be surmounted. Rabbit shooting is obtainable near at hand; other game is now very scarce. There is a good Athenaeum and reading room, a horticultural society, and a poultry and pigeon society, as well- as various athletic and other clubs in the township. The Silverstream runs through the borough ; the Central Otago railway runs close to the township; there are churches of several denominations; a Roman Catholic College ; and the borough is within six miles of the sea coast, reached by a good road. Post, telegraph and money order office. Named by early surveyors after the farm of the poet Burns in compliment to the Scotch settlers who occupied the district.
MOSQUITO FLAT. Near Dunganville.
MOSSBURN, Otago. A farming settlement and railway terminus on Oreti River, 58 miles north-west by rail from Invercargill; Lumsden and Te Anau coach passes bi-weekly. Excellent trout fishing in this district from half a mile to 20 miles around. Roads are good for cycling. One hotel, no private board. Post and telph. office. Named by early Scotch settlers after their old home. Nearest Dr. at Lumsden. 12 m.
MOSS SIDE. See Tarewa.
MOSS TOWN. See Brunswick.
MOSSY BANK. See Thornbury.
MOTAIREHE, Auckland. Post and telephone office, and small bush settlement, 62 miles N.E. from Auckland. Steamer weekly to Port Fitzroy, thence launch (22s 6d return).
MOTATAU. 33 m rail from Whangarei.
MOTEPE. See Purerua.
MOTITI, Auckland. 102 miles from Thames and 20 from Tauranga. Good sea fishing. Is an island on the Bay of Plenty, on which is Native church and school. 19 m from Mayor Island, 3 ¼ m long and 1 m wide, and 4 ½ m from coast.
MOTONAU. Pastoral district between Waipara and Cheviot. Post office, Motunau.
MOTONAU ISLAND. Also called Table Island, an old whaling station, North Canterbury.
MOTOREMU. See Seaward Moss.
MOTORIMUI. An island in Kaipara harbour.
MOTU, Poverty Bay. On Motu River, 54 m N.W. from Gisborne. Rail to Waikohu, thence coach 30 miles; or rail to Otoko, thence; coach 21 miles. Sheep and bushfelling. Good pigeon shooting. Good; roads to hotel. Boarding (hotel), 35s per week. Great variety of ferns obtainable. Post, telephone, and money order office. Good mountain trout-fishing in lake at township. Nearest doctor at Te Karaka, 35 m.,
MOTUARA ISLAND. 8 ½ miles from Endeavour Inlet at Month of Queen Charlotte Sound. Once a camping ground of Te Rauparaha when raiding the Sounds.
MOTUEKA, Nelson. On Motueka River, about 36 miles from Nelson overland and 16 miles by sea. Steamer runs to and from Nelson daily, fare 5s; coach leaves Richmond on arrival of train from Nelson daily ; coach fare, 8s return, 5s single. Coach stops midday at Redwood's Valley. Fruit and hop-growing and poultry farming are the chief products. Two bacon and two dairy factories and flour mill here. Branch bank, post, telegraph, and money order and Government offices. State and private schools. Good trout fishing in Motueka and Riwaka Rivers. Roads are fairly good for cycling. Good boarding may be obtained at any of the three hotels, or at the private boarding houses. Name (correctly Motu-weka) means "Land with plenty weka," or wood hen. Wonderful limestone caves in the neighbourhood. In 1856 there was a large Maori Kaika of friendly Maoris close to the town.
MOTU EKA. Small island near Cavallis Islands.
MOTUEKA VALLEY. See Motupiko and Sherry River.
MOTUEKA WHARF. By steamer daily from Nelson. Is on the western side of Blind Bay. Distant from Nelson by sea 16 miles, overland 34 miles. See also Motueka. Fruit-growing district. Post] office and telephone. Is the port for Motueka, where nearest doctor is, 2 m.
MOTU HEKA. An island north of Tolaga Bay, 180ft high.
MOTUHETEKE HILL. Near Scarrott's post office, Northern Wairoa.
MOTUHOROPAPA ISLAND. In Hauraki Gulf.
MOTUHURA. Native name for Whale Island, 5 m north of Whakatane, north-west entrance.
MOTUIHI. Quarantine Island, Auckland harbour, with telephone to Waikeke Island.
MOTUITI, Wellington. A railway siding on the Foxton line. Foxton, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
MOTUKARAKA, Auckland. On an outlet of Hokianga Harbour, 201 miles north by steamer from Auckland City. To Rawene by steamer, then two m steam launch. In Hokianga County. See Rawene. Is on the north bank of the Hokianga River, immediately opposite Rawene. Pheasants and mullet very plentiful. Named from small island close to its banks—Motu. island ; karaka, a species of bush tree. Hence an island of karaka trees. Semi-tropical fruits profitably cultivated. Tele­phone and post office. Nearest Dr. at Rawene. 2 m by water.
MOTUKARARA. 22 m S. by rail from Christchurch. Gebbie's Flat is the nearest telegraph office. Has a post office. Duck shooting,, trout and perch fishing. Dairying and cropping. On River Halswell. Nearest doctor at Lincoln, 8 m.
MOTUKARARA. Island, Banks Peninsula.
MOTUKOKOPU. Island near Port Charles.
MOTUKOREHO. Island in Auckland harbour with pier.
MOTUKUTUKU. Settlement near Brighton, Nelson.
MOTUMAKU GORGE. On road from Galatea to Rotorua.
MOTUMAOHO, Auckland. A railway siding four miles from Morrinsville, which see.
MOTUNAU, Canterbury. 56 miles north-east from Christchurch. Rail to Scargill, thence 4 miles. Grazing settlement. Roads. fair. No hotel; private board, 20s. Known also as Cabbage Tree Flat, and Greta Valley School District. Post and telegraph office.
MOTUNAU ISLAND. Off Maketu. Native name for Plate Island, so named from its hollowness in centre.
MOTU NUI. Islet 120ft high in Omaio Bay.
MOTU-0-HIWA. Small island in Rotoiti Lake.
MOTU ORA. Island near entrance Mahurangi Harbour.
MOTUORA. Island 1 m long, 223ft high, off Anaura Bay.
MOTUOTARIA. See Wanstead.
MOTU PIKO, Nelson. At junction of Motupiko and Motueka Rivers. 33 miles from Nelson; by rail to Kohatu station, 1 ½ miles distant. Railway recently opened from here to Kiwi, about 17 miles distant. See Kohatu. Sheep, saw and flax mills. Roads hilly. Private boarding, 20s per week. The Motupiko River runs into the Motueka 300 yards below station, one mile and a-half off. Both rivers are splendid trout streams for fly and minnow fishing. Good deer-stalking anywhere in district. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Tapawera, 7 m.
MOTUPIKO UPPER, Nelson. Now known as Korere, which see.
MOTUPIPI, Nelson. Is an old settled farming district, 56 miles north from Nelson by steamer; on the coast of Golden Bay, three miles and a-half from Takaka. In Takaka County. Is noted for the beauty and great healthiness of the climate. Industries, coal mining and cement making. Beautiful limestone caves here. Roads for cycling; no board. Steamer from Nelson to Waitapu tri-weekly. Shooting—pheasants, quail, native pigeon, kaka swamp hens. Good fishing along the coast—herring, kawai, barracouta, hapuka, schnapper, etc., and a few trout in the Motupipi River. Post and telephone office. Name: Motu, "bush"; Pipi, "shell-fish." From the former dense bush and shell-fish on beach. Nearest doctor at Takaka. 3 ½ m (tel.).
MOTURAKAU, Wanganui. A telephone office.
MOTUREKE. An Island off Mahurangi Heads.
MOTURIMU, Wellington. 80 miles north of Wellington. By train to Linton, thence seven miles. Palmerston North is 16 miles off. Moturimu is situated on Fitzherbert Hills West. Its chief industry is sawmilling. while sheep farming is carried on. The only shooting obtainable is wild pigs, in the back country. There is also some pigeon shooting to be had in the bush. Platinum has been discovered on the ranges here, but is questionable whether in payable quantities. This place was settled only about 1900. Post office. The name means, "isolated rimu bush." Nearest telegraph at Linton (7 m), and nearest doctor at Palmerston N. (16 m).
MOTU-RIPA. Island 2 ½ m S. of Mawhai Point.
MOTUROA. This was the site during the ancient Maori tribal war of a strong pa, with pits capable of holding 500 Maoris; and here during the Maori rebellion British troops had a reverse at a great battle fought under Col. Whitmore in 1867. when of his troops 21 were killed and 20 wounded, Major W. Hunter being killed. Now a peaceful suburb of New Plymouth. An obelisk is erected here to com­memorate the landing of the pioneer settlers of Taranaki at Moturoa in 1841 and 1842. The Breakwater and Sugarloaves are here. The name means "tall islands," otherwise the Sugarloaves. ' MOTUROA ISLAND. See Resolution Bay.
MOTUTAPERA ISLAND, Coromandel Harbour.
MOTUTAPU. An island near Auckland, and a pleasant resort for Aucklanders. Steamer on Sundays, 2s return.
MOTUTARA. Holiday resort 9 m from Waimauku railway sta­tion, on Helensville line.
MOTUTARA. Small island entrance to Okete Bay, Waingaroa Harbour.
MOTUTAWA. Small island and ancient Native stronghold in Rotokakahi Lake.
MOTUTEKATEKA. Island off Mahurangi Heads.
MOUIA. Native settlement near Tarawera Lake, destroyed by eruption 1886.
MOUMAHAKI, Wellington. A dairying settlement 33 miles N.W. by rail from Wanganui. Patea County. Mails daily. Tele­graph office at State Farm, 3 m, and Ngutuwera, 2 m. The railway station is about 65 m from the post office. Nearest doctor Waverley,8 m.
MOUMOUKAI, Auckland. 46 m S. from Auckland. Rail to Papakura, coach 9 m to Clevedon (3s), then horse 20 miles. Good fishing in the Mauugtawhiri River, which flows through the valley. Farming only, with post office. Nearest telegraph office, Clevedon.
MOUNTAIN CAMP CREEK. Near Canvastowu, Marlborough.
MOUNTAIN CREEK. Near Addison's.
MOUNTAINS. In N.Z. few of the mountains have been scaled; many of the peaks and most of the glaciers are as yet unnamed; and there is still, in parts of the Middle Island, a great field for exploration and discovery, for the wonders of the-Southern Alps are only beginning to be known
The mountains in the North Island are estimated to occupy about one-tenth of the surface, and do not exceed 4,000ft in height, with the exception of a few volcanic mountains that are more lofty. Of these, the three following are the most important: —
1. The Tongariro Mountain, situated to the southward of Lake Taupo. It consists of a group of distinct volcano cones, the lava-streams from which have so overlapped in their descent as to form one compact .mountain mass at the base. The highest of these cones is called Ngauru­hoe, and attains an elevation of 7,515ft. The craters of Ngauruhoe, the Ked Crater (6,140ft), and Te Mari (4,990ft) are the three vents from which discharges of lava have taken place, the most recent having occurred in 1910. These craters are still active, steam and vapour issuing from them with considerable force and noise, the vapours, charged with pungent gases and acids, making it dangerous to approach too near the crater-lips.
2. Runpehu. This mountain lies to the south of Ngauruhoe and Ton­gariro. It is a volcanic cone in the solfatara stage, and reaches the height of 9,008ft., being in part considerably above the line of perpetual snow. The most remarkable feature of this mountain is the crater-lake on its summit, which is subject to slight and intermittent eruptions, giving rise to vast quantities of steam. Recently—in March, 1895—such an Eruption took place, forming a few hot springs on the margin of the lake, and increasing the heat in the lake itself. This lake lies at the bottom of a funnel-shaped crater, the steep sides of which are mantled with ice and snow. The water occupies « circular basin about 500ft in , diameter, some 300ft below the enclosing peaks, and is quite inaccessible •except by the use of ropes. This lake, and the three craters previously mentioned on Tongariro, are all in one straight line, which, if produced, would pass through the boiling springs at Tokaanu on the southern jnarain of Lake Tanpn, the volcanic country north-east of that lake, and
White Island, an active volcano in the Bay of Plenty, situated about 27 miles from the mainland.
3. Mount Egmont. This is an extinct volcanic cone, rising to a height of 8,260ft. The upper part is always covered with snow. This mountain is situated close to New Plymouth, and is surrounded by one of the most fertile districts in New Zealand.
The Middle Island is intersected along almost its entire length by a range of mountains known as the (Southern Alps. Some, the summits reach a height of from 10,000ft to 12,000ft, Mount Cook, the highest peak, rising to 12,349ft.
In the South in the neighbourhood of the sounds and Lake Te Anau, there are many magnificent peaks, which though not of great height, are, owing to their latitude, nearly all crowned with perpetual ice and snow. Further north the mountains increase in height—Mount Earnslaw, at Lake Wakatipu; and Mount Aspiring, which has been aptly termed the New Zealand Matterhorn, nearly 10,000ft in height, at Lake AVanaka. Northward of this again are Mount Cook (or Aorangi), Mount Sefton. and other magnificent peaks.
MOUNT AJAX. A peak of the Southern Alps (6012ft).
MOUNT ALBERT. 10 m south-east of Reefton.
MOUNT ALBERT. Old signal station to west, head of Lyall Bay, Wellington (590ft).
MOUNT ALBERT. Post and telegraph office. A road district, including Kiugsland and Morningside. Suburb of Auckland, which see.
MOUNT ALEXANDER. See Alexander Range.
MOUNT ALFRED. West of Evans Bay, Wellington; 400ft.
MOUNT ALLAN. See Taioma.
MOUNT ANGLEM. The highest mountain in Stewart Island (3200ft). It was a volcano, and was known to the Maoris as Hana-nui ("to shine greatly," or "great heat").
MOUNT ARAWARU (3000ft). Hill in Tnrarua Ranges, near Pahiatua.
MOUNT ARDEN. See Woodgrove.
MOUNT BAKER (1466ft). Wairarapa district.
MOUNT BARKER. 4 m from Pembroke, which is post office.
MOUNT BRUCE. 81 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Mauriceville, thence 4 miles. Sheep and dairy farming and sawmillingj Good fishing and shooting. Nearest telegraph office, Mauriceville, 4 m. Is on Ruamahunga River. Nearest doctor at Eketahuna, 11 m. Mails daily. Also the name of a peak of the Tararua Mountains, height 2332ft.
MOUNT CAMEL (804ft). At entrance of Hohoura Harbour.
MOUNT CAMPBELL (4359ft). West of Motueka.
MOUNT CARGILL, Otago. Named after Captain Cargill, one of the pioneers of Dunedin. A very hilly district within eight miles from Dunedin. Best approach is by rail to Sawyer's Bay, then two miles walking; in Waikouaiti County. Occupied by small settlers. The mount is a resort for climbers, and from it the view is magnificent. Nearest telegraph office. North-East Valley, 5 m. Nearest doctor, Port Chalmers, 5 m. Post office.
MOUNT COOK, Canterbury. Is reached from Timaru ; distance to Hermitage 96 m. Rail to Fairlie, then motor service on Tues., Thur. and Sat. Journey occupies two days each way. At Luke Pukaki there is a very comfortable half-way hotel, then from Lake Tekapo to the Hermitage is through magnificent scenery. Lake Tekapo is first} with its clear blue waters; next is Simon's Pass, where a splendid view of the dividing range to the south is obtained; while away below the Tekapo and Pukaki Rivers flow through the plain to the Waitaki. on the right are the Ben Ohau ranges, and the lake of same name. As the road rises to Dover's Pass the scene is indescribably grand, as Mount Cook, although 40 miles distant, is now to be clearly seen, with Lake Pukaki in the foreground. Presently the famous Tasman Glacier, sur­rounded by its numerous peaks, comes clearly into view ; then Mount Sefton the majestic with its hourly avalanches, and finally the Hermitage is reached. There is good accommodation here.
The glaciers within easy distance include the great Tasman Glacier (one of the largest in the world), the Murchison, Godley, Mueller, and Hooker. Mount Cook (12,349ft) and the surrounding mountains are within convenient distance of the Hermitage. From the Ball Hut (3404ft) and Malte Brun Hut (5700ft), erected for the shelter of climbers, in the vicinity of Mount Tasman, many alpine excursions may be made. The Ball Hut is 12 m, and the Malte Brun about 20 m from the Hermitage. The west coast may be reached from here via the Hooker Glacier, Fitzgerald's Pass, and the valleys of the Copland and Karangarua Rivers.
A new up-to-date accommodation house at Mount Cook, built of ferro-concrete, 'containing 40 bedrooms, is now available for tourists. The name Mount Cook (Aorangi) was given by Lord Stokes, captain of H.M.S. Acheron, while on a survey cruise between 1847 and 1850, the mountain being surveyed from the sea.
MOUNT GRIFFEL See Pembroke.
MOUNT DREW (2330ft), Pelorus Sound.
MOUNT EDEN. (644ft). A suburban district of Auckland. Around the base of the hill, which is an extinct volcano, plainly recognised as such by the basin at its top. Population 9380. See Auckland. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
MOUNT EDGECUMB. Arch Hill district, Auckland.
MOUNT EGMONT, Taranaki. A lofty isolated peak 8,260ft high. This beautiful, volcanic, snow-capped cone is visible from nearly every part of Taranaki (which is the Native name for Mount Egmont, and means barren peak); is 12 miles from Manaia, which see. The gradual ascent begins and continues for eight miles, and the grade is so easy it is scarcely noticeable. This is an extinct volcanic cone, rising to a height of 8,260ft. The upper part is always covered with snow. This mountain is situated close to New Plymouth, and is surounded by one of the most fertile districts in New Zealand. Rising from the plains in solitary grandeur, it is an object of extreme beauty, the cone being one of the most perfect in the world. Fujisjama (the sacred mountain of Japan) and Mount Egmont of Taranaki are the only two high mountains in the world unconnected with any range.
A comfortable mountain house of seven rooms has been built on the northern side of the mountain at an elevation of 3,000ft, at a distance of 19 miles from New Plymouth by the Junction and Egmont roads, or 12 miles from Manaia. This house, which has a piano, is maintained by the North Egmont Forest Board of Conservators, and is open for accommodation of visitors from the middle of December to the end of March in each year. The keeper acts as guide also. There are women's rooms at one side of the house, men's at the other, with large common living and dining room in the centre. Visitors should take blankets; also food, unless arrangements for meals previously made with the custodian. Guide's fee for mountain, £1 per party. In fine weather, when the snow is off, the mountain can be ascended without risk. The view from the top of Mount Egmont on a clear day is described as being very fine indeed, when the hills round Nelson can be seen, and the snow-clad peaks of Ruapehu and Tongariro stand out clearly by themselves; Ngarahoe, emitting smoke, is also clearly visible. Near the mountain house are the Danson Falls, a very beautiful spot, the water taking one clear leap of 60ft into a pool surrounded by ferns and Native bush of every tint of green. The track to the mountain house is very good, and the cost of getting there from Manaia is slight, as any party of six or so can get a brake for about 30s for a couple of days, and the driver comes in useful for helping with the provisions and blankets. The road to the house is for part of the way through virgin bush, and the air on the mountain is very pure and rare. As the house is well up the mountain the view from there is very good, commanding as it does the extensive plains and low hills between Ruapehu and Egmont. Was first sighted by Captain Cook on January 9, 1770. and named by him. In 1771 this mountain was named by French navigators "Le Pic Mascarin," after the name of their ship.
MOUNT FREDERICK. Paparoa Range, near Harben.
MOUNT FYFFE. 7 m north-west of Kaikoura.
MOUNT GREY DOWNS. See Sefton.
MOUNT HARRIS. See Waihao Forks.
MOUNT HERBERT. A county in the Canterbury province, the chief town of which is Port Levy. Purau is the name of county town. Population, 472.
MOUNT HERCULES, South Westland. Post and telegraph office.
MOUNT HILTON. See Woodgrove.
MOUNT HOBSON. Highest point on Great Barrier Island.
MOUNT HORRIBLE. North of Awatere River.
MOUNT HUIA. In Huia district.
MOUNT HUTT. See Ashburton.
MOUNT LANCE. See Woodgrove.
MOUNT LOCKET, near Diamond Lake.
MOUNT MANTELL. near Longford.
MOUNT MASON. See Woodgrove.
MOUNT MESSENGER. See Waitara.
MOUNT NED, in Awatere Hills.
MOUNT NEWTON, near Murchison.
MOUNT NOBLE. See Woodgrove.
MOUNT OLYMPUS (5400ft), Collingwood
MOUNT PISA. See Cromwell.
MOUNT PLEASANT. Railway siding 4 miles from Pit-ton.
MOUNT PLEASANT. See Sawyers' Bay.
MOUNT PLEASANT. See Thames.
MOUNT PROSPECT (447ft), near Wharehine.
MOUNT RAETEA, near Takahue.
MOUNT RAIATAI. Forms watershed between Port Underwood and Tory Channel.
MOUNT REX. See Helensville.
MOUNT RICHMOND, near Otahuhu, Auckland.
MOUNT ROBERTSON (4000ft). South-west of Robin Hood Bay,
MOUNT ROCHEFORD, Paparoa Range, near Harben.
MOUNT ROSKILL. A district and suburb of Auckland City, which see for descriptive matter. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
MOUNT RUAHINE. Trig station on Great Barrier Island. Tryphena post office.
MOUNT SHEWELL (2770ft), Pelorus Sound.
MOUNT SMART. An extinct volcano near Penrose.
MOUNT SNOWDEN (5800ft), near Diamond Lake.
MOUNT SOMERS, Canterbury. A small township lying at the foot of the hills about 78 miles by train from Christchurch and near Ashburton River. The people are chiefly engaged in sheep farming, although the coal mines afford employment to some. The mines are about nine miles away, coal being found on the surface, and there is also famous white stone. There is one hotel, two general stores, two blacksmiths' shops, and lime kilns; was formerly known as Buccleugh. Has an altitude of 1200ft. Is named after the mountain 5 m off, which was named after Bishop Somers (Eng.), by early surveyors. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Methven, 18 m.
MOUNT STOKES (3900ft). At head of Kenepuru Sound.
MOUNT STORMY. Peak in Paparoa Range near Karamea.
MOUNT STUART, Otago. A railway siding 42 miles from Dunedin, on the Milton-Lawrence line. Glenore one mile distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Favourite spot for picnics Grounds alongside railway station. Named after Sir Alexander Stuart.
MOUNT TARANAKI (888ft). A hill near Glorit post office.
MOUNT THOMAS. See Loburn.
M OUNT VICTORIA. A signal station above Roseneath, Wellington, see Wellington.
MOUNT VIEW. See Marton.
MOUNT WATERS (1675ft), Collingwood district.
MOUNT WILLIAM. Paparoa Range, near Harben.
MOUNT WOORE (2180ft), D'Urville Island.
MOUREA. A Native settlement on west end of Rotoiti Lake.
MOUSE POINT. Between Culverden and Hanmer.
MOUTAHIAURU. Island off Waipiro district. Waiapn County.
MOUTERE, Otago. See Chatto Creek.
MOUTERE, UPPER AND LOWER, Nelson. Are two postal districts 21 and 28 miles respectively from Nelson, both reached by rail to Richmond, then coach 13 m (3s) Upper, and 20 m Lower (5s 6d) daily; in Waimea County. Both are very long cultivated localities with salubrious climate, and are noted for hop-growing, fruit-growing, and general farming, though the soil is not of the best. The roads for cycling are good, and private board is easily obtainable at reasonable rates at both plates. Post and telephone offices at both places. The Moutere River runs through the settlements. In the Upper Moutere there are 4 saw, 3 flax, and 1 flour mills and a hotel. Name is of German origin and given by early German settlers because site is a good place for sheep rearing. Originally a missionary settlement in 1843 of 350 Germans named by them Sarall. They had a German church, the first missionary being Mr Riemenschneider. Nearest Dr. at Motuoka. 12 m.
MOUTOA, Wellington. A dairy farming district, in Manawatu County. 27 miles north by rail from Wellington to Shan­non, then three miles daily coach (2s 6d). Wholly occupied by dairy fanners and settlers ; chief industries, dairying and flux milling. There are two creameries. Shooting is obtainable—principally ducks —and there is a little trout fishing to be had. Is on the Manawatu River. Post and telegraph office. Mails daily, except Sat. Doctor at Shannon. 3 m.
MOUTOA ISLAND near Wanganui. An old classic battle­ground during the Maori rebellion, where a battle was fought on May 14. 1864.
MOWATT LOOKOUT. An extinct volcano. 64 miles south of Blenheim, on Middlehurst station.
MUDDY CREEK. Near Riversdale.
MUELLER GLACIER. Southern Alps.
MUELLER MT. Near Maruia Plains.
MUHUNOA, Wellington. 59 miles N.E. from Wellington. Rail to Ohau, thence 3 miles. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Ohau.
MUKA,Auckland. 106 m north-west from Auckland by rail to Helensvillo. steamer to Dargaville, then 4 m. Pheasant and duck shooting, but no fishing. Name means "flax dressed," from flax mill being here. Gumdigging. Doctor at Dargaville. Post and telegraph office.
MULLET POINT, Auckland. .36 miles north by steamer, Mon­day, Tuesday, and Thursday (5s return, 3s single). Dairy and poultry farming. Pheasant shooting. The bay abounds with schnapper and kowhai and is becoming a favourite summer resort; private board 20s. The point is opposite Kawuu Island, famous as the residence of the late Sir George Grey. Nearest telegraph office Warkworth, eight miles.
MULLOCKY CREEK. Near Karamea.
MULLOCKY GULLY. See North Taieri.
MUNGAPAKEHA. See Te Nui.
MUNGAROA STREAM. Tributary of Hutt River; good trout stream.
MUNGAROA. See Mangaroa.
MUNGATU. See Kaihu.
MUNRO MT. Altitude 1541ft. near Hastwells.
MUNROES GULLY. See Bluespur.
MURCHISON, Nelson. A very old mining district and township, at the junction of Matikitaki and Buller Rivers; 63 miles south-east by coach from Westport arriving Tuesday and Friday, and leaving Wednesday and Saturday. Mining (sluicing and two dredges), three sawmills; kaka, pigeon, and duck shooting ; trout plentiful in rivers, but very difficult to rise. Two hotels, 4s to 6s per day. Post and money order office and telephone. Public hall and library. Named originally Hampden, but altered, in 1883, by request of post office, to Murchison, after the great geologist, there being then other two Hampdens. Resident Dr.
MURCHISON GLACIER. In Southern Alps.
MURDERER'S CREEK. Near Craigieburn cutting, West Coast
MURDERING BEACH. Between Otago Heads and Purakanui Bay. On December 12, 1817, the brig Sophia, from Tasmania, visited here, when the Maoris attacked the crew, three of whom were killed.
MUREWAI. 14 miles from Gisborne.
MURIOMATO, (formerly known as WEDDERBURN), Otago. On Wedder Creek, 94 miles north-west by rail from Dunedin, on Otago Central line. Farming, gold sluicing, and coal pits. Hare shooting plentiful; fishing poor, on account of creek being too small. Good roads for cycling, which are much used. A curative locality for lung diseases. Has one hotel; telephone, post, and money order office.' Doctor at Naseby, 10 m.
MURIPARA. On River Rangitaiki, 208 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Rotorua, then weekly coach via Waiotapu (22s 6d), 42 m; or coach (7s 6d) daily (except Sundays) summer; Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, winter: to Waiotapu where visitors are met on request by conveyance from Muripara. Splendid fishing on Rangi­taiki and Whirinaki. Good accommodation house. Has post and tele­phone office. Nearest Dr., Rotorua, 42 m.
MURITAI. Wellington. Now called Eastbourne, is about six miles from Wellington by ferry steamer on the Day's Bay side of Port Nicholson. For further information see Day's Bay and Eastbourne.
MURIWAI, Poverty Bay. 17 miles north from Gisborne, Maraetaha (two miles), and Gisborne coach passes to and from daily—depart­ing 7 a.m., arriving 5.30 p.m.; fare. 3s and 5s return. Sheep. A Maori district, and is situated on the coast under "Young Nick's Head," celebrated for being the first land in New Zealand sighted by Captain Cook. Large Maori pa. Splendid pheasant and duck (lagoon) shooting. To half way between Gisborne and Nuhaka, hot springs. Bad roads for cycling. Has one hotel, post and telephone office.
MURIWAI, On Muriwai Stream; north of Manukau Heads near .Motutara Rocks and Forty-mile Beach. Rail from Auckland to Waimauku, then ¼ hour by coach. Good accommodation at boarding house. 30s per week. Surf-bathing, fishing, shooting, boating. Beauti­ful bush scenery.
MURPHY MT. North of Saxon's Pass.
MURRAY'S, Auckland. A railway siding 105 miles south from Auckland, on the Frankton Junction-Paeroa line. Morrinsville, 2 miles has the nearest Dr. Is on Piako River, and the postal name is Piako.
MURRAY CREEK. See Mossburn.
MURRAY MT. 5239ft, near Amuri Pass.
MURRAY RIVER. Near Lumsden, tributary of New River.
MURRAY'S MISTAKE. Small Bay on south of Bank's Peninsula.
MURUPARA. See Te Whaiti.
MUSGRAVE MT. A peak in South Canterbury.
MUSSEL BAY. See Port Chalmers.
MUSSELBURGH. A suburb of Dunedin forming part of St. Kilda borough, which see.
MUTTONTOWN CREEK. 1 m south of Canvastown.
MYROSS BUSH, Southland. A level farming district of good land, six miles north-east from Invercargill. By rail to Mill road, then a two-mile walk; in Southland County. Roads level and good for cyclists; and private board obtainable from the settlers, as there is no hotel. Running through the district are two rivers—the Waihopai and the Waikiwi. Owing to flax and other obstructions trout is very scarce now. Post and telephone office.