Colonial CD Books
New Zealand Historical & Genealogical Copy Services & Products
Wises Index to Every Place in New Zealand 1912 - L
LADBROOKS. 13 miles rail from Christ church. A rich farming district lying near the foot of the Port Hills, and about 10 miles from Christchurch direct. Named after a first settler named Ladbrook. Nearest telegraph office Prebbleton. 4 m. Nearest Dr. at Lincoln, 4 m.
LADY BARKLY. A railway siding 22 miles from Invercargill. See Lime Hills.
LADY LAKE. See Bell Hill.
LAGHMOR. A sheep station in Ashburton County. See Westerfield.
LAKES OF N.Z. In the Auckland province, at extreme south, is Lake Taupo; length, 25 miles; width, 17 miles; area, 241 square miles; it is surrounded by volcanic hills and mountains, and at its edge are hot springs and pools of boiling mud. Lake Rotorua is south of Tauranga Harbour. Lake Rotoiti is east of Rotorua. Between Taupo and Poverty Bay is Waikare-Moana, 16 miles long by 18 miles broad—wild and heavily timbered to the water's edge; and lower down are Lakes Waihi and Waikare. All these lakes are in what is known as Thermal Springs district.
In Wellington province the only lakes are Wairarapa and Roto Aira—both small.
In Nelson province the principal lakes are Rotoroa, Rotoiti, and Sumner—all with scenic beauties of their own.
In Canterbury province are Lakes Ellesmere, at the mouth of Selwyn River—very shallow ; and Coleridge and Heron in the Upper Rakaia basin. South of Mount Cook are Lakes Tekapo, Pukaki, and Ohau.
In Westland province are Lakes Brunner (which is the largest) Kanieri, Maihinapua, Ianthe, Wahapo, Moeraki, Ellery, and Mapourika ; the tidal waters of Saltwater and Okarito lagoons, and the shallow, reedy Tauwherikiti and Rotokino.
The finest and grandest of all the lakes in the colony, however, situated in the Otago and Southland districts—commonly known as the cold lakes, in contra-distinction to the hot lakes of the Auckland province—are Lakes Wakatipu, 1069ft above sea level and 52 miles long; Rere Lake, off Lake Wakatipu; Wanaka, 30 miles long, 930ft above sea level; Hawea, 17 miles long, 1062ft above sea level; Te Anau (the largest lake in the South Island), 33 miles long, from one to six miles wide; and Manapouri, 13 miles south of Te Anau, a lake of twists and turns, bays and arms. The smaller lakes are M'Kerrow and Ada in the N.W. ; Monowai and Hauroto in the S.W. ; and Waipori and Waihola on the Taieri Plains. Full descriptions of all these lakes, from north to south, are elsewhere given in this work under their nearest township or postal address, also how to get to them by rail, coach, and other conveyance; and hotel and board accommodation, &c.
Lake Manapouri is 1458ft deep—the deepest lake in New Zealand, going considerably below sea level. Lake Wakatipu has a depth of 1242ft. There are several smaller lakes, all of which appear under their various names following.
LAKE BRUNNER. See Jackson's.
LAKE COLERIDGE, Canterbury. Situated in Upper Rakaia basin. 70 miles west from Christchurch. Rail to Glentunnel, thence by coach on Fridays (30 miles) ; fare, 10s. In Selwyn County. Sheep-farming district. Windwhistle House is post office.
LAKE ELLESMERE. At the mouth of the Selwyn River, in Canterbury, 21 miles south by rail from Christchurch. It is very shallow but is noted for the vast number of eels caught at its mouth by Maoris from January to April every year. Duck shooting is very good.
LAKE FERRY. See Pirinoa.
LAKE FRESH. Fresh Lake on Flaxbourne Station, 35 m from Blenheim.
LAKE GRASSMERE. Large lagoon 30 miles south of Blenheim.
LAKE HAWEA. See Pembroke.
LAKE HAYES. See Arrowtown.
LAKE HAUPIRI. See Bell Hill.
LAKE HERON, Canterbury. A small lake in Upper Rakaia basin. A beautiful sheet of water, 5 m long by 3 m broad, abounding with salmon trout. Its position is equal distant from either ocean. Named from the number of the heron bird found here.
LAKE JASPER. Small but deep lake on N. bank of Awatere river.
LAKE KANIERI. See Kanieri Lake.
LAKE MAHINAPUA. 7 miles from Hokitika by rail or boat. Favourite resort. Scenery magnificent.
LAKE MAPOURIKA. See The Forks.
LAKE MIDDLETON, Upper Waitaki, near Lake Ohau. Nearest post office Omarama.
LAKE OHAU. See Ohau.
LAKE OMAPERE. See Te Ahuahu.
LAKE PUKAKI, Canterbury. On- the Upper Waitaki basin; at foot of Southern Alps en route to Mount Cook (which also see) from Timaru ; 96 miles west from Timaru. Rail to Fairlie (which see), thence by motor 56 in on Tues., Thur., and Sat.. 8 a.m.. arriving at Pukaki at noon (fare, 30s) ; returning, leaving 1 p.m. on Mon., Wed., and Fri., from 1st November to 30th April; but from May to October once a week. In Mackenzie Country. Four sheep stations here. Scenery here grandest in New Zealand. Good fishing on lake; and shooting deer, duck. etc.. in neighbourhood. Post and telephone office.
LAKE ROAD. Auckland. See Ohaupo.
LAKE ROAD, Canterbury. A railway siding 22 miles south from Christchurch, on the Christchurch-Southbridge line. Ellesmere, one mile distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Named from its being on the straight road to Lake Elleemere.
LAKESIDE, Canterbury. A farming and fishing township, 33 miles south from Christchurch. Rail to Leeston, thence five miles by mail cart daily; fare, 1s. Leeston and Southbridge, each five miles away, are nearest telegraph offices. No accommodation here. Is situated on Lake Ellesmere; good fishing, and duck shooting on the lake flats. Creamery. Doctor at Southbridge or Leeston, both 5 miles.
LAKE TAKAPUNA. See Takapuna.
LAKE TEKAPO, Canterbury. Situated in Upper Waitaki basin ; Central Canterbury and Mackenzie County. Rail to Fairlie (which see), thence by motor car service tri-weekly in summer (Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday), weekly coach in winter (Tuesday). 26 miles; fare, 10s. In Mackenzie Country. There is a hotel and half a dozen, sheep runs here. Good deer and native game shooting, and fishing on lake. Good scenery in neighbourhood. See also Mount Cook. Climate very good for invalids. Telephone and post office.
LAKE TENNYSON. In Southern Nelson. The Clarence River runs through it.
LAKE WAIKARE. See Rangiriri and Waerangi.
LAKE WAIKARE-MOANA. See Waikare-Moana.
LAKE WAKATIPU. See Queenstown; also "Lakes of N.Z."
LAKE WANAKA. See Hawea Flat.
LAMBERT HEAD. Promontory in Cooks Strait.
LAMBTON. A ward of Wellington City.
LAMBTON HARBOUR. Is the name for Wellington Harbour adjoining the city. See Wellington.
LANAKER'S BUSH. See Eastern Bush.
LANCASTER PARK, Sports ground near Christchurch.
LANDING POINT. South end of Evans Bay, Wellington.
LANGRIDGE, Maryborough. Telegraph office.
LANSDOWNE. See Halswell.
LANSDOWNE. See Masterton.
LARNACH'S CASTLE. Originally built by the late Hon. W. ,T. M. Larnach. Situated on Otago Peninsula, 9 miles from Dunedin by good road. Now a Government Mental Hospital. Connected with Dunedin by telephone. Is half a mile from Pukihiki, where there is post office, hall, and creamerv.
LARRY'S CREEK. On Westport-Reefton road. Old name, Colyton.
LAST CHANCE CREEK. Stream on Mahikapawa Goldfields.
LAURA GORGE. See Central Bush.
LAUDER. 115 miles from Dunedin by rail on the Manuherikia River. The centre of a large and prosperous agricultural and pastoral district. Good fishing and shooting. Roads excellent for cycling. Hotel, 5s a dav. Post and telephone. .Named after Lauder Creek.
LAURISTON, Canterbury. A sheep-farming settlement, railway station and postal and telephone office on Rakaia-Methven line Of railway; 49 miles west from Christchurch; in Ashburton County. No hotel or private board. Good cycling; level roads here. Named after one Laurie, a blacksmith, who settled here in the early days.
LAVENHAM. See Patutahi.
LAVERICK'S BAY. Near Le Bons Bay.
LAVERICK'S PEAK. Near Laverick's Bay.
LAWRENCE, Otago. On Tuapeka Creek, 60 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin, in Tuapeka County. Farming and mining (hydraulic, sluicing, and dredging). Coach leaves here daily for Roxburgh 40 m (12s 6d). Interesting to visit the hydraulic sluicing at Wether-stones, Bluespur, Gabriel's Gully, and Munro's Gully—all about three miles away. Roads good for cycling in summer. Private boarding easily obtainable at from 17s to 20s per week. Lawrence is the railway terminus, and has considerable waggon traffic for Roxburgh district. Has County Council buildings, town hall (seat 400), courthouse, and survey office, athenaeum, hospital, volunteer hall (seat 600), District High School and Roman Catholic School, churches— Presbyterian. English, Methodist, Roman Catholic, and Salvation Army : two bunks, bi-weekly newspaper. A municipality, and population with suburbs of 1200. Has an excellent water service and good streets of asphalt footpaths, 10ft wide, and is, generally, a well-built town. Named Lawrence after the noted English general. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Stores, shops, and hotels, and resident doctor, and public hospital. Gabriel's Gully adjacent here, where gold was first found in Otago on May 20, 1861, by Gabriel Read : and therefore Lawrence owes its birth to that discovery at what afterwards was called Gabriel's Gully. Bead got £1000 for the discovery.
LAWRENCE LAKE. Near Te Arai.
LAWRENCE RIVER. Tributary of Rangitata River.
LEADING HILL. Overlooks Hutt Valley.
LEAMINGTON (formerly known as CAMBRIDGE WEST). 103 miles by rail from Auckland and 2 miles from Cambridge. On the Waikato River. It is a very healthy place, and it is called by many the Sanatorium of New Zealand, being especially suited for chest complaints. Plenty of scope for shooting, deer stalking, and fishing. Post and telephone office. Steel bridge across river connects with Cambridge, where doctors reside. See also Cambridge.
LEADER RIVER. Also called Eden River.Tributary of the Waiau-ua, Canterbury.
LE BON'S BAY, Canterbury. 25 miles east by tri-weekly steamer via Pigeon Bay from Lyttelton (fare, 12s 6d return). Cocks* foot seed growing and dairy farming are chief support of settlement (7000 sacks cocksfoot per annum being exported). One butter factory. Cycling roads bad and hilly. Private board 20s; no hotel. Several French settlers from Akaroa located here years ago. Post and telephone office. Originally called Bon Bay, meaning "good bay," and was named by a French settler. Nearest doctor at Akaroa. 12 m.
LEE BAY, Stewart Island. Is the final landing place of the N.Z. telegraph wire, and is the most southern cable station in the world. Named after Lee, an early settler.
LEEFIELD. 16 m from Blenheim. A sheep station.
LEESTON, Canterbury. Three miles and a-half from Lake Ellesmere and 27 miles south by rail from Christ church. In Selwyn County. Coach daily for Lakeside and Sedgemere. arriving here 7.45 a.m. and departing 10.40. The centre of a sheep and grain district. Splendid fishing at Hall's Creek; good shooting on lake and numerous creeks. Excellent cycling roads. Private boarding 16s per week. Has hotel, bank, and post, money order, and telegraph office. Good fishing also in Rakaia and Selwyn Rivers. Local doctor.
LEE STREAM, Otago. A small sheep-farming district, 26 miles from Dunedin and nine miles from Outran railway station : in Taieri County. Conveyance may be had. Good hotel here. Trout fishing and rabbit shooting near at hand. Post and telegraph office. Mail gig leaves Outram Tuesday and Friday, 7.30 a.m., 3s. On the Lee Stream, which has a large bridge here. Named after Lee, an early runholder. Nearest doctor at Outram. 9 miles.
LEETHAM RIVER. In Taradale district. 96 m from Blenheim.
LEIGH, Auckland. A farming and fruit-growing settlement, 58 miles north-east from Auckland by steamer, arriving Tuesdays and returning same day; fare, 3s return. Coach from Warkworth, 16 miles from here, runs to Auckland tri-weekly ; ride or drive to Warkworth. One store, hotel, and post, telephone, and money order office combined represent the trading community. Nearest doctor at Warkworth.
LEITHFIELD, Canterbury. A market-gardening and dairy-farming settlement on the coast; 34 miles north from Christchurch. Rail to Halcairn, thence by coach twice daily (three miles) : fare, Is : in Cheviot County. One store and a hotel, no private board. Few good cycling roads in vicinity. Amberley, three miles distant. Leithfield has post and telephone office, two churches (Presbyterian and English), creamery, hall and school, swimming bath, etc., and is a very healthy locality. Named after Mr Leith. an early settler. Splendid beach, 1 ½ m, well sheltered with trees and very suitable for picnic parties. Nearest doctor at Amberley. 3 miles. Is 28 miles by road direct from Christchurch.
LEITH VALLEY. See Dunedin.
LE PETIT CARENAGE. Small bay in-Akaroa Harbour.
LEPPERTON, Taranaki. On Waiongona River, 10 miles east by rail from New Plymouth; in Taranaki County. Farming and dairying, dairy factory, and flourmills. Splendid trout fishing four miles up the river. Very good cycling roads. No hotels. Lepperton is named after the late Colonel Lepper, who served in Maori war. Original name was Manutahi, but dropped as there was another place of same name near Hawera. Colonel Lepper received military grant of land and resided here. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor is at Waitara, 5 m.
LESLIE HILLS. Near Culverden.
L'ESPERANCE. Sea Kermadec Islands.
LETHBRIDGE. See Turakina.
LEVELS. A farming district with railway siding and a post and telephone office. Is seven miles north from Timaru, on the Fairlie line, and is on direct road to Mount Cook and three miles from coast. See Pleasant Point. Named because the land is so level. County of same name, Timaru being the County Town.
LEVIN, Wellington. 60 miles north-west by rail from Wellington, 3 miles from coast, and close to Horowhenua Lake (1 mile), and Papatonga Lake (3 miles). In Horowhenua County. Has branch banks (N.Z. and Australasia), and there is sawmilling and dairy farming carried on. Coach runs from here to Foxton and back twice daily, l£ miles. Good boating on the lake, and free to hotel boarders. Fishing, in Ohau River, and shooting on ranges. All close to town. Good: cycling roads from Levin to Otaki. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Two hotels; private board, 20s per week. One of the most flourishing towns on the Manawatu line, and is a borough, with municipal gasworks and water supply. Resident doctors. Population. 1608j Government Experimental Station and Hoys' Training Farm two miles from here. Paeroa Pa Hill, once the site of an important Maori village, is near by. A tombstone to Rangihaaeata. a great Maori warrior, is now erected on the site.
LICHFIELD, Auckland. A sheep farming district, 145 miles south-east from Auckland and five miles from Putaturu station ; on Rotorua-Frankton railway. -Is 54 miles from Taupo. Good trout fishing in streams. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Tirau, 12 miles.
LIGAR BAY. In Golden Bay district, which see.
LIGHTHOUSES. The coast of New Zealand is well supplied with 39 lighthouses, as follows, nearly all of which arc connected by telegraph :—Cape Maria van Diemen, Cape Brett. Moko Hinou, Tiritiri, Bean Rock, Ponui Passage, Cuvier Island,, East Cape, Portland Island, Napier Bluff, Cape Palliser, Pencarrow Head, Somes Island, Cape Egmont. Manukau South, Manukau South Head, Manukau North Head. Kaipara Head, Brothers, Tory Channel, Cape Campbell, Godley Head, Akaroa Head, Jack's Point, Moeraki, Taiaroa Head, Cape Saunders, Nugget Point, Waipapapa Point. Dog Island, Centre Island, Puysegur Point, Cape Foul wind, Hokitika, Kahurangi Point, Farewell Spit. Nelson. French Pass, Stephens Island. For positions of these, see under their respective headings.
LITTLE GREY JUNCTION. See Ikamatua.
LIMEBERNERS BAY. Upper Waitemata Harbour. See Waitemata Harbour.
LIMEHILLS, Southland. 25 miles north by rail from Invercargill, near Oreti River; in Southland County. Farming and sawmilling. Duck, pigeon, pukaki and rabbit shooting. Hood roads. One accommodation house. 20s weekly. Known also as Woody Knoll. Fishing (trout) in New River Estuary. Post and telephone office.
LIME HILLS. In Makuri Valley, near Pahiatua.
LIMEHURST. Near Makairo.
LIMESTONE, Auckland. .92 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei daily (22s 6d return), thence oil launch (1s 6d return), 11 miles. Post and telegraph office.
LIMESTONE HILL. See Waipu.
LIMESTONE HILL. Near Mauriceville. Noted for its lime and water springs.
LIMESTONE ISLAND. 2 ½ m by water from Waikaraka. which see. Telephone, but no post office. See also Onerahi.
LIMESTONE PLAINS. Called formerly Calcium. See Isla Bank.
LIMESTONE ROCKS. Near Teviotdale, Amberley.
LIMESTONE RIVER. Flows into the Clarence.
LINBURN, Otago Central. 98 miles north-west from Dunedin. Large sheep station and should be Linnburn. Rail to Waipiata, then coach to Patearoa. 10 in. Taieri River flows through for many miles and affords good fishing. Hares plentiful. Nearest post and telephone at Patearoa.
LINCOLN, Canterbury. A farming centre, in Selwyn County, 14 m S. by rail from Christchurch. A fine drive or cycle run to here, as roads are level and in good condition. The Lincoln School of Agriculture is here, which is maintained under trustees of the Canterbury College. The complete course of study for the diploma examinations occupies three years. The building is in the centre of 785 acres of cultivated land, and there are usually about 75 students under a director. Visitors are granted permission to see over the building and ground at any reasonable hour. There is a hotel, but no boarding houses. The district is populous and closely settled ; close to are Tai Tapu and Prebbleton townships. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Site formerly owned by the late Jas. E. Fitzgerald, who laid off township, naming streets after members of his family, such as James street. Robert street, and so on. Kildare Terrace named after his home in Ireland. Resident doctor.
LINDIS. See Tarras.
LINDSAY, Hawke's Bay. 40 m from Napier, adjoining townships of Waipawa. Waipukurau, and Ongaonga, which see. Formerly known as the Mount Vernon Estate, acquired by Government and opened for settlement on April 11, 1905.
LINDS BRIDGE. Six miles from Invercargill by rail. See Wallacetown.
LINKFIELD. Near Makairo.
LINKWATERDALE. A valley 4 m long from Pelorus Sound to head of Queen Charlotte Sound, in which are situated Mahakipawai and Grove.
LINTLEY VILLAGE. See Lumsden.
LINTON, Wellington. A farming district, half a mile from Manawatu River and 80 miles north by rail from Wellington. Native and imported game shooting and trout fishing. Fair cycling roads. No hotel or private board. Post and telephone office. Named after one of the first settlers (James Linton), who was agent for most of the laud. Flaxmilling, sawmilling. and dairying. Doctor at Palmerston North. 7 miles.
LINTON DOWNS. 14 m S.W. of Kaikoura. A sheep station.
LINWOOD, Canterbury. A suburb now included in Greater Christchurch, which see. Connected by tram. Descriptive features are embodied under Christchurch, of which it is a part. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Linwood Cemetery is here, but the New) Brighton tram is the one to take, not the Linwood tram.
LION'S BACK. High saddle on road, 7 m S. of Awatere.
LISMORE, Canterbury. 73 miles south-west from Christchurch, on the south bank of Hinds River and 8 miles from Hinds railway station ; mail coach from Hinds on Tuesday. Thursday, and Saturday ; fare, 2s. Coach leaves Hinds at 2 p.m., and returns from Lismore at 4 p.m. Agricultural and sheep station district; wheat and oats give good average yields. In Ashburton County. Named after Lismore in Ireland. flood hart- shooting in district. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Ashburton. 15 miles.
LITTLE AKALOA, Canterbury. A dairy-farming settlement on Banks Peninsula, 56 miles south-east from Christchurch ; in Akaroa County. Rail to Little River, then 24 miles coach to Duvauchelles (15s return), or steamer plying direct from Lyttelton on Tuesdays, and Thursdays, and Saturdays (7s 6d return). Cheese factory and dairy factory, as well as several private dairies, here. Store ; 110 hotel, but two boarding houses. Cocksfoot grown largely, many thousand sacks being shipped annually. Is on a bay on sea coast. See also Okain's Bay. Post and telephone office. Chorlton, Menzies Bay, and Decanter Bay connected by telephone. Nearest doctor at Akaroa. 14 miles horse and 20 miles drive.
LITTLE ASHLEY RIVER. Tributary of Ashley River, North Canterbury.
LITTLE BARRIER ISLAND, At mouth of Auckland Harbour, 50 m from Auckland. Is a conical hill 2400ft high. Is used for preservation of native birds, and permission must be obtained to land.
LITTLE CREEK. Village on the Manukau, Auckland.
LITTLE GREY JUNCTION, Nelson. A small farming settlement 30 miles north from Greymouth. Rail to Ikamatua, thence one mile. No hotel, but one store. No private board. Named from the Little Grey River (Mawheraiti) joining main Grey River here. Ikamatua is the post and telephone office for this place.
LITTLE HUIA. See Huia.
LITTLE KARAKA BAY. Between Jerningham and Schnapper Points. Evans Bay, Wellington.
LITTLE KYEBURN. See Kyeburn Diggings and Naseby.
LITTLE MUDDY CREEK. Estuary of Manukau. Auckland.
LITTLE OMAHA HARBOUR. Land-locked harbour on E. coast of Auckland, near Cape Rodney.-
LITTLE OPAWA. Tributary of the Tengawai.
LITTLE PIGEON BAY. Near Pigeon Bay.
LITTLE PORT COOPER. Bay in Lyttelton Harbour.
LITTLE RAKAIA. 37 miles north from Christchurch by rail and six from Southbridge. Is situated on the left bank of the Rakaia River, about two miles from its mouth, where trout fishing is obtainable. There are three huts for those who come for shooting and fishing. Shooting chiefly rabbits and hares, a few ducks being now and then shot. See Southbridge. which is post office for here.
LITTLE RAPAHI. Inlet in Lyttelton Harbour.
LITTLE RIVER, Canterbury. 36 miles south by rail from Christ church and near Lake Forsyth. Cocksfoot seed growing, also seed cleaning establishment, and one sawmill. Coach to Akaroa leaves every day at 11.10 a.m. ; fare 7s 6d (single), return 10s. Roads good, but hilly. One hotel, two private boarding houses (20s). Post, telegraph, and money order office. Good trout and perch fishing, and duck and hare shooting. Named from small river running here, Wairewa (Little River) being the Maori name. In 1829 Jas Price, a Sydney sailor, visited here, and stated afterwards he had purchased the district from the Natives. Half holiday held on Saturday.
LITTLE SCOTLAND. 4 m S. of Warkworth.
LITTLE SNOWDON MOUNT (2095ft). Near Rakaia River.
LITTLE WANCANUI, Nelson. 40 miles north from Westport, on sea coast. Steamer leaves on 1st and 15th of each month with mails, or 13 miles from Mokihinui railway station. In Buller County. Only about :i dozen settlers here. Good fishing- and shooting. Accommodation house. About 10 miles from the port there is a vast mineral belt. Post and telephone. On Little Wangamii River. Beautiful scenery. Several creameries. Nearest doctor at Karamea, 12 miles.
LITTLE WANGANUI FERRY. Telegraph office here.
LIVINGSTONE. See Sandon Block.
LIVINGSTONE, Otago. In Waitaki County. Situated between Maerewhenua and Awamoko Rivers; 10 in from Duntroon and 30 m W from Oamaru. Rail to Tokarahi on Mon., Wed.. Fri.. and Sat thence six miles by hired conveyance. Road to Naseby turns off about two miles before reaching Livingstone, then goes up Maerewhenua River and thence through the Pass. Mining settlement—sluicing and tunnelling. Known formerly as Maerewhenua. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Ngapara, 12 m.
LIZARD RIVER. Flows into Clarence River.
LOBURN, Canterbury. A sheep-farming district and postal station, in Ashley County ; 27 miles north from Christchurch and five-miles from Ashley railway station. Post and telephone office here-Splendid cycling roads. Sport—Hares and rabbits, and fishing in Ashley River (the boundary). Named by first settler, Mr Macfarlane. from river flowing between steep banks, low river or burn. Nearest doctor at Rangiora, 6 miles.
LOCHIEL, Southland. 15 miles north by rail from Invercargill, on Invercargill-Kingston line Few farmers here; one store, no hotel. Good shooting and fishing close by in New River. Splendid roads for motoring between here and the Lakes. Named by late D. Cameron. of Lochiel (Scotland), who was the first settler here. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor, 4 m (telephone).
LOCH INVER. 30 m from Taupo. Auckland.
LOCKSLEY. On River Avon, near Christchurch.
LOGARTH. Taranaki district. Has a butter factory.
LONG ACRE. See Wanganui.
LONG BAY, Auckland. Lies on the coast, four miles from Albany. Chief export is gum. Named after Long, an early settler.
LONGBAY. Near Pireka. Banks Peninsula.
LONG BAY. Next to Island Bay, Banks Peninsula.
LONG BAY ROAD, Canterbury. A scattered settlement and post office, three miles from Akaroa, which see. Is situated near the head of German Bay, three miles from Coast, has dairying and sheep farming, and so named because it leads to Long Bay. Nearest telegraph office, and doctor at Akaroa, 3 m.
LONGBEACH, Canterbury. A private estate 16 miles south from Ashburton, on the Ninety Mile Beach or Canterbury Bight; by coach daily (5s return), which goes to Ashton and Waterton. In Ashburton County. Is named Longbeach from the length of the Ninety Mile Beach. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Ashburton.
LONGBEACH, Otago. See Cromarty.
LONG BEACH. Favourite holiday resort. 2 m from Mihiwaka railway station. Has one of the finest beaches in the Dominion, and the locality is interesting from there being caves worth visiting. Good boarding house much wanted.
LONGBURN, Wellington. The old terminus of Wellington-Manawatu railway. 4 miles from Palmerston North, and 1 mile west of Manawatu River. Freezing works, dairying, saw and flax mills. Trout fishing and duck shooting on river. One store and one hotel. Telephone, post, money order office, and savings bank. Nearest doctor at Palmerston North.
LONCBUSH, Southland. Nine miles east by rail from Invercargill and two miles from Kennington, which see. One. mile from Rimu. Nearest telegraph office Woodlands, 3 m. Waihopia River runs through district. Named by teamsters travelling to goldfields, as it was a long narrow bush running in a line with the road. Dr. from Invercargill visits Woodlands Thur. Brick and tile works and saw mills.
LONGFORD, Nelson. On north bank of the Buller River, 65 miles N. from Westport; in Inangahua County. Coaches pass through from Westport to Reefton and Kohatu. either way bi-weekly. Sluicing and dredging. Splendid trout fishing by fly or minnow; good kaka shooting at times. Beautiful scenery. Good cycling roads. Private boarding at 30s per week. Has a post, telegraph, and money order office. Took its name from a long ford crossing Huller River. Nearest doctor Murchison, 3 miles.
LONG GULLY. Telegraph office. See Maori Point.
LONG ISLAND. A pinnacle rock at Cape Jackson.
LONG LOOKOUT POINT. N. head of Raupo Bay, Banks Peninsula.
LONG PLAIN. See Takaka.
LONGPOINT. N.E. extreme of Kapiti Island.
LONGRIDGE, Otago. Small farm settlement 64 miles north by rail from Invercargill. Kingston Crossing, on Waimea line, is the name of railway siding. Telephone connection with Riversdale, 6 miles distant, and Gore 24 miles. Named from long ridge about 4 miles north-west of village. Doctor at Riversdale. Post office.
LONGVALLEY CREEK. Stream flowing into Kaituna Stream.
LONG VALLEY. 2 m from Havelock Suburban.
LONGWOOD, Southland. A railway siding 29 miles from Invercargill. on the Invercargill-Orepuki line. On the Pourokino River. Hekeia is post office, which see. Now an important sawmilling outlet. Nearest doctor Riverton. 3 miles.
LOOKERS ON. One of the, finest series of mountains branching eastward from the Kaikouras. When Cook, in his ship Endeavour, sailed from Ship Cove the Maoris gathered in large numbers on the slopes, watching the departure. Hence the name.
LOOKOUT POINT. About three miles from Dunedin by tram or train to Caversham. thence one mile walk. So called as it was from here that a look-out was kept for waggons and teams coming towards Duneclin in the olden days. The railway tunnel pierces the hill line from Caversham to Burniside.
LOOPLINE. Branch road to Christchurch off the Hokitika-Kumara road now unused. Nearest post office Goldsborough.
LORNE, Otago. A railway siding six miles from Oamaru, on the Oamaru-Tokarahi line. The township and post office is Whitstone.
LORNE, Southland. Five miles from Invercargill by rail or coach daily. Post office; mails daily. Nearest telegraph office is Waikiwi, 2 m. Freezing works, store, hotel. Named after Lome Estate here, and which is now known as Lorne Farm Home for Children and Aged and Infirm. Doctor at Invercargill.
LOTTERY RIVER AND BUSH. Near Waiau, North Canterbury.
LOUIS HAY. Runs off Anakoa Bay, Pelorus Sound.
LOVELL'S FLAT, Otago. 44 miles S.W. by rail from Dunedin, between Milton and Stirling. Coal mining (two pits) and farming in settlement. One store: no hotel, hut private boarding. Telephone, monov order, and post office. Trout fishing and rabbit shooting.
LOWBURN FERRY, Otago. A gold mining settlement, on River Clutha, 4 in from Cromwell, which see. Take train to Clyde, then coach to Cromwell Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday, 13 miles (5s), then coach. Post and telegraph office. One hotel; no private accommodation. Pembroke coach passes Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, returning Monday. Wednesday, and Friday. Doctor at Cromwell.
LOWCLIFFE, Canterbury. 70 miles S. from Christchurch. Rail to Hinds, thence eight miles by mail cart Monday, Wednesday, and Friday (fare 2s). In Ashburton County. A few sheep farms here. Good trout fishing- Post and telephone office. Named from the low cliffs which bound it. Named by late Hon. VV. Reeves.
LOWER AWATERE, Marlborough. 16 miles south-east by coach from Blenheim (fare 5s). See Blind Hiver. Five sheep farms only here.
LOWER EWEBURN. See Waipiata.
LOWER HANGAROA. See Hangaroa Lower.
LOWER HARBOUR. See Port Chalmers.
LOWER HUTT. See Hutt.
LOWER KOKATAHI.Post and telegraph office. See Kokatahi.
LOWER MAUKU. Tributary of Manukau.
LOWER MOUTERE. See Moutere Lower.
LOWER RICCARTON. See Riccarton.
LOWER RUAKAKA. See Ruakaka Lower.
LOWER SHOTOVER, Otago. On Shotover River, near its junction with Kawarau River, six miles from Queenstown. Coaches to Cromwell and Lawrence from Queenstown, leaving 9.30 a.m.. pass through on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Coach to Arrowtown passes at 9.30 p.m. on Monday, Wednesday., and Saturday during winter months (daily in summer); fare to Lower Shotover. 2s 6d. Roads good A great barley-producing place, taking prizes for same at Dunedin shows. A farming and mining (dredging and sluicing) locality. Post and telephone office.
LOWER WAITOHI. See Waitohi Flat.
LOWER WAIHOU RIVER. Branch of Hokianga Harbour, Auckland.
LOWGARTH. Taranaki. See Stratford
LOWOOD. See Winton.
LOWRIES, Wellington. 24 miles south from Wanganui by road. Turakina (10 m), is nearest railway station and post and telegraph. Only sheep stations here. Named after a property owner.
LOWRY BAY, Wellington. Favourite residential locality by ferry steamer from Wellington to Days Bay, then coach or walk.
LOWRY PEAKS. Range dividing Amuri and Cheviot districts.
LOWRY RIVER. Tributary of Conway River. Canterbury.
LOW QUARRY. Holiday resort near Hunter. Canterbury.
LOWTHER. 56 miles by rail from Invercargill. See Lumsden
LUCAS BAY. Near heads, Akaroa Harbour.
LUCAS CREEK. 12 m from Auckland: the name of a former post town.
LUCAS PEAK (1311ft). Near heads in Akaroa Harbour.
LUGGATE, Otago. 177 m W. from Dunedin on Clutha River. Rail to Clyde, thence coach daily to Cromwell, then on by coach. Tues, Thurs, and Sat to Luggate Hawea Flat, and Pembroke. Farming and mining chief industries. Salmon-trout fishing plentiful. Deer shooting about five miles away—drive or ride. Very good cycling roads. One hotel. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Pembroke. 10 m. .
LUHR'S ROCK. Situated off Lyell Bay.
LUMSDEN, Otago. A dairy-farming township and railway terminus, on Oreti River ; 50 miles north from Invercargill. Munapouri and Te Anau coach leaves here on Wednesday and Saturday at 11am. distance 52 miles; fare 25s single, 40s return. See also Manapouri and Te Anau. Excellent trout fishing in Oreti River. Splendid roads for cycling in summer. Three good hotels; terms, 8s a day. Post, telegraph and money order office. The old name of this place was The Elbow. Present name is after the late Mr George Lumsden, of Invercargill. In winter coaches from Lumsden run only weekly., but from November to end of April on days as above. Resident doctor.
LYALL BAY. Large bay near Wellington Heads, ½ m W. of Palmer Head; ¾ m wide. One of the telegraph cables crossing Cook Strait starts from this point and lands at White's Bay in South Island. A favourite seaside resort, flood surf bathing. Reached by electric train every 20 minutes. Post and telegraph office. Named after Dr Lyall, of H.M.S. Acheron, which was on a survey cruise in N.Z. in 1847. Dr Lyall afterwards became famous as a scientist.
LYELL, Westland. On an arm of the Buller River at junction of Lyell Creek, 37 miles from Westport. Westport (20s), Reefton (15s), and Nelson (50s) ; coach pusses through on Tuesday and Friday at 3 p.m. returning for Westport on Wednesday and Saturday at 11 a.m. Gold mining—quartz, sluicing, and dredging. Kaka and pigeon shouting at 5 in distant. Roads rather hilly for cycling. Has three hotels, but no private boarding.. Also post, telegraph, and money order office. Entirely surrounded by mountains. Good trout fishing. Lyell was named after a miner who first worked here. Nearest doctor at Murchison. 24 in.
LYALL CREEK. Runs through N-Western part of Kaikoura.
LYELL GLACIER. On Mount Kinkel.
LYND HURST, Canterbury. 53 miles south from Christchurch,on Rakaia-Methven line of railway ; in Ashburton County. Farming settlement only. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Methven, 5m.
LYNDON LAKE. Near Porter's Pass; 2700ft above sea level.
LYNTON DOWNS, Marlborough. A telegraph office near Kaikoura.
LYTTELTON, the chief port of Canterbury. Is on the north shore of Port Cooper. The town, lying at the foot of the precipitous hills which divide it from Christchurch, is decidedly picturesque, extending as it does round the foot of and up the hills. The port is a busy one, as all the export and import traffic for Christchurch and Northern Canterbury has to pass to and from the shipping by railway, there being no other port or means of transit. The railway comes on to the wharf, and ships are discharged and loaded from and into the trucks direct. The railway station is also close to the wharves, and passengers for Christchurch (seven miles distant) are conveyed hourly through the tunnel (one mile and a-half .long); fares to Christchurch, 7d or lid single, and 11d or 1s 4d return. The business of Lyttelton arises entirely from and in connection with the shipping, and the chief business streets are London street, Norwich Quay, and Oxford street.
Lyttelton was named in 1850, after Lord Lyttelton, and the first Canterbury settlers landed here on December 16, 1850, the place being then known only as Port Cooper. The tunnel leading to Christchurch Plain was made in 1807, is a mile and a-half long, and this line was the first railway opened in New Zealand. The first steamer to visit was H.M.S. Acheron, in 1848.
The natural advantages of the port have been enhanced by reclamation and harbour works, which include two breakwaters 2,010ft and 1,400ft in length, enclosing about 107 acres; long lengths of wharf accommodation, a patent slip for ships, and a splendid graving dock. The railway, electric light, machinery, and appliances are available throughout, which renders loading and unloading practicable both by day and night. The town, as already mentioned, nestles on the side of the hills, the streets being generally steep, flanked by solid stone buildings ; and a background of green spurs and bold rocky faces gives to the whole a charming appearance. The water supply is obtained from artesian wells on the Christchurch side of the hills. The harbour is well defended by fortifications and batteries on Ripa Island and the mainland. The population is 4250, is a borough lighted with gas. and is in the County of Selwyn. Has post, telegraph, and money order offices, and two banks. Steamers to and from Wellington arrive every morning and depart every evening, this being known as the ferry service, the time occupied being about 10 to 11 hours.
The first iron ship built in New Zealand was built here in 1864.