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Wises 1912 Directory to Every Place in New Zealand K


KADINA. See Resolution Bay.
KAEAEA, Auckland. 157 miles south-west from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti. coach to Aria (24 miles; 17s 6d return), thence mail cart 8 miles. Farming district. Post and telephone office.
KAEO, Auckland. On Kaeo River, at the head of the Whangaroa Harbour, 174 miles north from Auckland. Steamer Clansman runs to and from there to Whangaroa Tuesday, arriving 6 p.m., then to Kaeo by coach same day, one hour (2s 6dj. returning Thursday at 8 a.m., for steamer for Auckland, 10 a.m. Timber and gum industries. Excellent pigeon and pheasant shooting ; fishing unexcelled in harbour, which also possesses scenery equal to West Coast Sounds, with advantage of splendid climate and rich alluvial land. Good cycling roads. The first mission station, established here by the Wesleyans in 1822, was destroyed by the Maoris in 1827. Post, telephone, and money order office. Six miles from Whangaroa, nearest seaport. Steam launches (private) between Whangaroa Harbour and Kaeo. Either by river or road the scenery is very tine. The township lies in a valley, and admirably situated for oranges, lemons, and grapes. The kauri gum is almost exhausted, but valuable topper mines have been discovered, and close to the copper coal has also been found. Kaeo is an ideal holiday resort, and can also be reached via Whangarei. then overland by coach. Named from the river being well stocked with shellfish resembling the pipi, but slightly larger and called by the Maoris "Kaeo." They used to come long ago and gather it, and so in time going to the Kaeo meant to this particular section of the river, where most of this fish was found. It is only found in fresh water. Resident doctor.
KAHAKA, Mongonui Countv.
KAHAUTARA RIVER. Five miles south of Kaikoura.
KAHEKE, Wellington: 159'miles north from Wellington. Rail to Fending, coach daily to Apiti 27 miles (8s), thence 5 miles. Small farming district, with post and telegraph office.
KAHOTEA. A Native settlement near Otorohanga.
KAHOUTARA. See Featherston.
KAHUIKA, Otago. 83 miles from Dunedin. Rail to Houipapa, then coach 7 miles. Three miles from sea coast, on the M'Lennan River, surrounded by the Catlins Bush. Boating and fishing, and game of all kinds. Situated between two rivers, and will be within 1 mile of Caberfeidh Station when line opened, Beautiful scenery. Post and telephone office, and school.
KAHUKI. A hill near Pahiatua.
KAHUKURA. Situated on the Waiapu River, 91 miles north­east from Gisborne. Coach to Waipiro Hay, thence horseback; or steamer to Tokomaru Bay. thence horseback 30 miles. Post and tele­phone office, flood fishing, and pigeon, duck, and pheasant shooting. Nearest hotel four miles. Kahukura, which means "rainbow," is the name of a clan. Nearest doctor at Waipiro Bay, 20 miles.
KAHUMINGI. Near Taueru.
KAHURANGI POINT. Near Westport Harbour, with lighthouse.
KAIAKA, Auckland. Between Ahipara and Doubtless Bay. 209 miles north from Auckland. Mail steamer to Mangonui weekly (30s return), thence coach 25 miles bi-weekly. Post and telephone office.
KAIKARANGI. Railway siding 135 miles north from Welling­ton. Hunterville nearest post and telegraph office 3 miles.
KAIANUI. See Kaimata.
KAIAPOI, Canterbury. On the Waimakariri River; a municipality, 14 miles north by rail from Christchurch. The woollen manufacturing is the main support of the town, but saw milling and bacon curing are also carried on to some extent. The Woodend coach meets morning and evening trains here, distance four miles, fare 2s return. A fleet of schooners trade between Wellington, the various bays on the coast, and Kaiapoi, carrying produce outward and bringing coal, timber, etc., on return. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank offices, branch Bank of N.Z. Half holiday held on Thursday. Several hotels and private board, 18s per week. Excellent roads for miles. This place was, before the advent of Europeans, a great Maori settlement, and it still is an abode of many Maoris, some of them of great age. Popula­tion, 1924. Derived name from a pa called Kaiapohia, meaning "Food depot." It was the scene of a great massacre by chief Te Rauparaka. Lighted with acetylene gas. Resident doctors.
KAIAPOI ISLAND. See Coutts Island.
KAIARARA, Great Barrier Island, near Port Fitzroy.
KAIARERO, Otago. One mile south from Oamaru, which is nearest post and telegraph office, and one mile from coast. No con­veyance.
KAIATA. See Grevmouth.
KAIATEA. See Kiripaki.
KAIAUA, Auckland. A small postal settlement of nine houses fronting Hauraki Gulf, and 13 miles west from Thames by boat. Eighteen tons kauri gum. got by Maoris, and about 75 bales of wool are sent away annually from here. Nearest public road 16 miles distant. Steamer from Auckland Saturday. Mails Wednesday from Auckland by train to Pokeno. Name means " Food Creek." from small fish frequenting river. Post office and telephone. Nearest doctor at Thames.
KAIHERI. Near Matahuru.
KAIHUH. Four miles south of Rotorua, on Waipa Flat.
KAIHIKU, Otago. A farming settlement, railway siding, and post and telegraph office. 64 miles south-west from Dunedin, half way between Balclutha and Clinton; on Dunedin-Invercargill line. Good shooting and trout fishing in this district. The river is well known .to anglers, and some v.ery good baskets are taken. Name said to mean "Feast of fish." Telephone. Nearest doctor at Balclutha, 10 miles.
KAIHINU, Westland. A railway siding 21 miles from Grey-mouth. On the Greymouth-Hokitika line. Ho Ho, five miles distant, is nearest post office, which see.
KAIHU, Auckland. On Kaihu River, 119 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Dargaville, then 17 miles rail; in Hobson County. Kauri timber and kauri gum trade, and sawmilling. Good pheasant shooting. Bad roads for cycling. Private boarding 20s per week; hotel, post and telegraph office and savings bank. In this locality are mammoth kauri trees, some to the diameter of 14ft to 16ft, and the driving of kauri logs down the river to the booms by dams erected at a very heavy cost is a special feature of the place. Pheasant and pigeon shooting close at hand. Name means " Food too hot, cannot eat it." Nearest doctor at Dargaville. Good fishing. Kaihu is in centre of Kaihu Valley.
KAIHU RIVER, A confluent of the Northern Wairoa.
KAI IKA NUI. River on East Coast, near Whangarei.
KAI-IWI, Wellington. Sheep-farming settlement, 13 m north by rail from Wanganui and 156 from Wellington ; on River Kai-Iwi. Here in 1840 a British settler named Hewitt was murdered by the Maoris, who removed the h«ad from the body and cai-ried it through the country as a trophy. In 1867 Colonel Whitmore, after the battle of Moturo, fell back on this place to defend the Wanganui district. Hotel and boarding accommodation. Post and telephone office, and creamery. Kai means '' Food," and Iwi " Bone." The chief of the tribe during the Maori war ate both flesh and bone of birds. Nearest doctor at Wanganui.
KAI-IWI. A district and lake near Kaihu.
KAIK (The). A Maori settlement at Otago Heads. Otakou is post office name.
KAIKAIKURI. Tributary of Pahaoa River.
KAIKANUI (also called Kakanui) CREEK. Tributary of Waiwakiriri, Canterbury.
KAIKATEA. Six miles from Fortrose.
KAIKOHE, Auckland. 179 miles north-east from Auckland. By weekly steamers to Opua (27s 6d), rail to Kawakawa, 8 miles, thence coach on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, 22 miles (10s 6d and 17s 6d). On Omapere Lake. Kauri gum, quicksilver, mining at the cinnabar mine, pheasant and duck shooting. Mata and Omapere Lakes, Kiri Kiri and Waihoanga Kails, and hot springs worth seeing. Post, telephone, and money order office. Native quicksilver is found on the surface here. Named from hill formerly covered with Kohekohe tree: Kai " food,'' Kobe " tree." Nearest doctor at Ohaeawai, 7 miles. Statue to Hone Heke there unveiled April 29, 1911. Railway (in formation) will open up the beautiful valley here.
KAIKOKOPU RIVER. Flows into Waihi Estuary, Bay of Plenty.
KAIKORA. Fertile alluvial flat in Mongonui County, Auckland.
KAIKORA NORTH, Hawke's Bay. Now named Otane, which see.
KAIKORAI, Otago. A suburb of Dunedin, in Roslyn munici­pality. Connected with Dunedin by cable car. Woollen mills, wool scouring works, and other factories here.
KAIKOURA, Marlborough. 101 miles south from Blenheim; by rail to Flaxbourne (Ward Station), thence coach .Monday. Wednes­day, and Friday, 67 miles (30s); or tri-weekly coach from Cheviot 48 miles (25s). s.s. Wakatu runs weekly to and from Wellington and Lyttelton. Mr Sidney Weetman. the chief surveyor, says: "Kaikoura is one of the most picturesque spots in N.Z., lying as it does under the Seaward Kaikouras or Looker-on Mountains. At the back of the town the peninsula rises abruptly for 100ft and affords splendid sites for dwelling houses." District is pastoral and dairying. Small farms, also whaling, saw milling, fishing, flax milling, and wool scouring. Good sea fishing and trout fishing in season. Good roads for cycling. Four hotels, good private board. Branch Bank N.Z. Two bi-weekly newspapers. Post, telegraph, and money order offices, etc. The variety and quantity of sea fish to be obtained here cannot be surpassed by any place in New Zealand. The name means "Crayfish food"—"Kai," food ; and "Koura," crayfish,—and the place abounds in this shell-fish. The population of the Kaikoura County is 1742.
KAIKOURA, Wellington. See Utiku.
KAIKOURA ISLAND. Near the Great Barrier Island. Visited by Auckland steamers.
KAIKOURA SUBURBAN. Post and telegraph office. See Kaikoura.
KAIKURI. Near Martinborough.
KAIMAI. Part of main range, over which road leads from Tauranga to Cambridge.
KAIMAMAKU. See Otonga.
KAIMANAWA. A range near Lake Taupo.
KAIMANUKA, Taranaki. A sheep and cattle farming district, 44 miles north-east from Wanganui ; on Waitotara River. Rail to Waitotara, then mail trap 22 miles. Shooting—pheasants and pigeons—; fair. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Waverley, 24 m. Name means—Kai "food," and ' Manuka "a variety of shrub." Post and telegraph office.
KAIMARAMA. See Whitianga.
KAIMATA, Taranaki. 18 miles from New Plymouth. Rail to Ingle wood, then daily coach 5 miles (Is 6d and 2s 6d). f4ood trout fishing in the Manganui River, one mile. Has a creamery—one of the largest in New Zealand. Name means "Bad Food." Post and telephone. Nearest doctor. Inglewood.
KAIMATA. Sawmilllng district. See Kokiri.
KAIMATARAU, Wellington. 110 miles from Wellington. Rail to Palmerston North, coach to Rongotea (20 miles), thence three miles. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Rongotea.
KAIMAUMAU, Auckland. 224 m N.W. from Auckland by weekly steamer on the shore of Awanui Harbour. Gum digging and flax milling. Good deep sea fishing. Name means Kai, "to eat," arid maumau the name of a blue fish found here. Post and telephone. Doctor at Kaitaia, 18 m.
KAIMIRO, Taranaki. 22 miles south-east from New Plymouth. Rail to Inglewood, thence 5 miles; or by road direct 15 miles. A dairying district, having creamery, sawmill, and school. Post and telegraph office. 5 miles from Mountain House, Mt Egmont. Good metalled road.
KAINGAROA. See Chatham Islands.
KAINGAROA. Tussocks and fern country between Rotorua and Galatea and Taupo.
KAINUI, Marlborough. A telephone office.
KAIPAKI. 94 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Ohaupo, thence 4 m. Waipa County. Nearest telegraph office Ohaupo. Creamery.
KAIPARA. See Pahi.
KAIPARA FLATS, Auckland. 62 miles from Auckland by rail, and 5 miles from Tauhoa. Sheep, grass seed, sawmills, fruit­growing. Shooting for duck, teal, pigeons, weka, pnkako. kaka, quail, and wild pigs. Fair roads. Private boarding at 15s per week. Post, telephone, money order, and savings bank office. School. No hotel nearer than Warkworth. Coach to Warkworth (8 miles) on arrival of train Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday. Cattle rearing, dairy farming, and poultry rearing. Doctor at Warkworth.
KAIPARA HARBOUR. Situated to the N.W. of Auckland. Has with it various arms, a water frontage of over 2000 miles—including the various rivers which empty themselves into here. Width at entrance about 5 in. Settlements : Batley, Helensville, Kanohi, Pahi, Port Albert, Pouto, Tauhoa, Tikinui. Wharehine, etc. Has lighthouse, also semaphore signals on North Head.
KAIPARA RIVER. Flows into Kaipara Harbour.
KAIPARORO, Wellington. 94 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Eketahuna, then eight miles by road. Makakuki River runs through the settlement. Good fishing and shooting. Four caves of lime­stone formation, two miles off. Two sawmills and creamery, and a school and cheese factory. Nearest telegraph office Eketahuna, 7 m. Telephone at Rongokokako, 3 m. Dr. at Eketahuna. Name means " food for brains." Post office.
KAIPATIKI. Settlement near Brighton. Westland.
KAIPO. See Tuakau.
KAIPO BAY. Martins Bay.
KAIPO RIVER. Flows into Kaipo Bay.
KAIPORORO. See Mangamahoe.
KAIPOAI LAKE. Hobson County.
KAIRA RIVER. Estuary of Kaipara Harbour.
KAIRANGA. Six miles from Palmerston North by coach. Kairanga County. Very rich soil. Land selling at high prices for dairying purposes. Very suitable for dairying and fattening. Very good roads for cycling. Nearest' telephone office and doctor. Palmer­ston North, 6 miles. Is the name of the County.
KAITAHA. Native settlement near Point Awanui.
KAITAIA, Auckland. 213 miles north-west from Auckland. Weekly steamer to Mangonui, thence by. coach 30 miles (fare 7s 6d). Farming village, with two stores, flax mill, and boarding house. Splendid pheasant, duck, and quail shooting here. There is also a direct steamer between Awanui (5 m off) and Auckland weekly. Post, telephone, and money order office. On Kaitaia River. Butter factory and hotel. Doctor 2 ½ m (telephone). Name means " food destroyed by floods." Many years ago floods destroyed the crops of kai or kumara (Maori potato). Originally a Church of England settlement 12 m from Fairburn.
KAITA KALA. Islands in Bon Accord Harbour.
KAITANCATA, Otago. One of the noted coal-producing dis­tricts of New Zealand, on the Matau branch of the Clutha River, 54 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin (changing trains at Stirling) ; in Bruce County. The town is well built with wide streets, the river flowing close to the town. There is a punt on the river, plying to and from the lower part of Inch Clutha. The Kaitangata and Tuakitoto Lakes, noted for their sporting advantages, are within two miles of the town, where good duck, black swan, and swamp turkey shooting is to be had during the season, while amongst the hills good rabbit shooting is to be obtained at any time. The Kaitangata and Castle Hill mines situated here; produce good brown coal, which is much used for domestic and other purposes. A pleasant hour or two many be spent looking over the mines, a permit having first to be obtained from the manager.
There are many places worthy of a visit near Kaitangata, such as the mouth of the Clutha at Coal Point, where the immense volume of water flowing into the ocean is well worth watching. Walking to the top of the hills at the bark of the town a splendid view is obtained of the sea, Nuggets Lighthouse, Port Molyneux, Balclutha, and Milton. There are many good rides or drives in and about the neighbourhood—Port Molyneux across Inch Clutha, etc.—while the roads are good for cycling in fine weather. The railway from Kaitangata to Stirling is owned and worked by the N.Z. Oil and Colliery Company, who are also owners of the mines.
There is a library, flax mill, two branch banks, post, telegraph, and money order office, and the borough has a population of 1600. Half holiday held on Wednesday.
KAITAKE RANGE. A range of mountains in Taranaki district.
KAITAPEA MOUNT (1268ft), Tory Channel.
KAITAO. Block of Native land west of Rotorua.
KAITARA. 104 m N.W. from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei. thence 9 miles drive. Nearest telegraph office Maungatapere. 4 miles. .Mails weekly. No accommodation, but visitors may be boarded at farm houses. Good trout fishing in river. Nearest doctor at Whangarei.
KAITARA, Wellington. See Morrison's Bush.
KAITARAKI. A bay near Huia.
KAITARAU MOUNT. One of the highest peaks of Kaikoura Range.
KAITAWA, Wellington. 107 miles north from Wellington City. Rail to Pahiatua or Eketahuna, thence 7 miles (no coach). Dairying, Good cycling roads. Has a church and school, also private boarding at 21s per week. In Pahiatua County. River shooting, but no fishing. Dairying and sheep-farming. Is on the Tiraumea River, five miles from Pahiatua road. The name means "Eat Tawa," the natives originally coming here to eat tawa berries. Post and telephone office.
KAITERIRIA. Native settlement on Rotokakahi Lake, 10 m S. of Rotorua.
KAITERETERE. Seaside resort near Motueka. A pretty little bay near Brighton. Nelson. It was here that; the first surveyors, under Mr Krederick Tuckett, in October, 1841, commenced to lay off a town site to be called Nelson.
KAITERATAHI, Poverty Bay. 14 miles north by rail from Gisborne. In the early days some Maoris asked an old Maori living aere for food. He said "Kaiteratahi," which means "Food over there" hence this name. Post and telephone. One hotel. On banks of the Waipaoa River. Nearest doctor at Te Karaka, 6 m.
KAITI. In Poverty Bay, at Gisborne. The landing place of Cap­tain Cook, October 8, 1769, and is still the only boat harbour in the bay. See Gisborne.
KAITIEKE, Auckland. 216 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Waimarino, thence coach. In Waimarino County. Mails weekly. Nearest telegraph office Waimarino. A new settlement, named after the river of the same name which runs through the settlement, flowing into the Retaruke River, which in turn runs into Wanganui River. Nearest doctor at Raurimu, 11 m. Is half way between the boat house on the Wanganui River and Raurimu, being 12 m to river and 11 to Raurimu.

KAITOHI. See Okupu.
KAITOKE, Wellington. About 1 ½ miles from Pakuratahi River, on Napier-Wellington railway, 27 miles north-east from Wellington, halfway up the Kimutaka Range. Has post, telegraph, and money order offices and daily mail. Good trout fishing is to be obtained. Derivation of "Kaitoke" Kai, “food” "toke," a worm. So called on account of the poor soil, from which at one time nothing could be obtained but worms. Nearest doctor at Upper Hutt, 7 m.
KAITORETE SPIT. Separates Lake Ellesmere from the sea.
KAITUNA, Marlborough. 11 miles east by Nelson Marlborough coach—Monday, Wednesday, and Friday—from Blenheim, 5s. Timber milling. Good roads. Two hotels and private board. Fine scenery in neighbourhood. Quails in plenty, hares, and grey ducks. Name means "eel food." Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Blenheim.
KAITUNA. Farming district on Banks Peninsula. Post office Ataahua.
KAITUNA, Nelson. See Collingwood.
KAITUNA, Wellington. See Masterton.
KAITUNA RIVER. A swift river flowing out of Lake Rotoiti.
KAITUNA VALLEY. 11 m N. of Blenheim.
KAIUMA, Marlborough. Telegraph office.
KAIWAIWAI, Wellington. A farming settlement, 50 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Featherston, thence five miles by Featherston-Martinborough coach daily, Is. Excellent roads. No ac­commodation. Nearest telegraph office Featherston, 5 m. Name should be Kaiwaewae, which means "destruction of feet." In the olden days the plain was overgrown with "wild Irishman," or Tumatakuru, and the Natives got their feet destroyed by the pricks. "Eating" is the real meaning of "kai," but it also means to destroy. Nearest doctor at Featherston.
KAIWAKA, Auckland. A farming district, 66 miles north from Auckland. Steamer from there to Mangawai, then road, 10 miles off j or rail lo Te Hana, thence bi-weekly coach 5 miles. Pheasant shooting. Private board, 3s per day. Post, telephone, and money order office. Kaiwaka means "boat with food." Railway through Kaiwaka now constructing.
KAIWARRA, or KAIWARAWARRA, Wellington. A small township 2 miles by rail from Wellington, on Hutt Road. In Onslow Borough. There are here candle works, soap works, and a tannery, post and telegraph office, stores. No-license district. A good road up the gorge at back of township leads to Khandallah (3 miles), and is a pleasant walk or drive. Was once one of the principal Maori villages on the shores of Wellington Harbour, under Chief Te Runga Kuri. The name properly is Kaiwharawhara. "the eating of the fruit of a. particular kind of flax."
KAIWARRA RIVER. Tributary of Hurunui River, N Canter bury.
KAIWERA, Southland. A farming and postal district. 55 miles north from Invercargill. Rail to Pukerau, which is nearest telegraph office, thence six miles. Good trout fishing, also duck shooting. Nearest doctor at Gore, 12 in.
KAIWHATA RIVER. Flows into sea north of Flat Point; name also of pastoral district on east coast of Wellington.
KAKAHI (late Oio). 198 m south from Auckland hy rail. Mails daily. Post, money order, and telephone office. Saw-milling district On the Wanganui River at junction of Whakapapa River. Good fishing and shooting.
KAKAHO CHANNEL, Pelorus Sound.
KAKAHU. Tributary of river Hae Hae, Temoana.
KAKAHU BUSH, Canterbury. 8 miles from Pleasant Point railway and 20 west from Timaru. On Kakahu River. Post and telephone office. Small farms in neighbourhood. No store or board nearer than Pleasant Point.
KAKAHU SCHOOL. 30 miles north-west from Timaru. Rail to Orari. coach to Geraldine, thence 12 miles by mail cart tri-weekly. Geraldine County. Roads good for cycling. No accommodation. Rabbit and hare shooting, and good trout fishing. Post office and telephone.
KAKAMATUA. A bay in Manukau Harbour.
KAKANUI, Otago. Thirteen miles south from Oamaru and four miles from Maheno railway station. An agricultural settlement on Kakanui River, near coast. Fishing on river, and hare shooting close by. Good roads. One hotel : private board 20s per week. Post and tele­phone office.
KAKANUI CREEK. See Kaikanui Creek.
KAKAPO BAY. See Port Underwood.
KAKA POINT. 67 miles south of Dunedin. Rail to Romahapa, thence drive six miles. Situated on sea coast. Good fishing and shooting. Ideal holiday resort. Six miles beyond Kaka Point are the Nuggets Rocks and lighthouse. Accommodation houses, 25s per week. Post and telephone office. Kaka is the name of a bird. Nearest doctor at Balclutha. 14 miles.
KAKAPUAKA, Otago. A farming settlement, with store, tele­phone and post office, two miles from Balclutha and 56 miles from Dunedin. On Dunedin-Invercargill line. (iood trout fishing in all streams about here. No accommodation. The Four-mile Creek runs through it. Doctor at Balclutha.
KAKARAMEA. 4259ft. Near Tokaanu, Taupo.
KAKARAMEA, Taranaki. The centre of a pastoral country, 46 miles north-west from Wanganui and four miles from Patea by rail. One hotel, creamery, and store in township. No boarding house, although boarding is obtainable at usual rates Post, money order, and telephone office, and savings bank. In Patea County. On March 13, 1865. in a skirmish with Europeans, 56 Maori rebels were killed, troops having been stationed here under Von Tempsky to quell the Maori rebellion. Nearest doctor at Patea.
KAKARIA. Native settlement near Batley.
KAKARIKI. Native settlement near Port Awanui.
KAKARIKI, Wellington. 110 miles north-west from Wellington by rail. Post and telegraph office, and cheese factory. Nearest doctor at Mart on, 8 miles. The site of a Maori pa.
KAKARIKI. Special settlement near Pahiatua.
KAKATARAHAE. A range near Coromandel.
KAKATIHI. 37 miles north-west from Wanganui by bi-weekly coach via Makirikiri. On Mangawhero River. One accommodation house. 6s per day. Post office and telephone. Proper spelling is Kakatahi.. Kaka "a bird," and Tahi means "one." Pastoral dis­trict. Nearest doctor at Wanganui.
KAKAWAU MOUNT (1462ft). At head of Omotumotu River.
KAKEPUKU. Rounded hill (1481ft), near Kihikihi.
KAKEPUKU, Auckland. Waipa County. 115 miles-south from Auckland. On the banks of the Waipa, about 40 miles above its junction with the Waikato, at Ngaruawahia. The Waipa has some trout, in it; and the Mangawhero, a tributary of the Waipa. near here, is simply alive with eels. Te Puhi, nearest railway, 6 miles off. Pirongia-Kawhia coach passes Kakepuku thrice a week (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday), returning to Pirongia following days. Kake­puku, so called from a small whirlpool or "gathering" formed here at the meeting of the two rivers—the Waipa and the Mangawhero. Name signifies a " gathering." Nearest telegraph office Pirongia, 4 miles. Doctor at Te Awamutu, 12 miles. Kakepuku Mountain near here.
KAKOA. Sheep station near Woodville.
KAMAHI, Otago. A railway siding 120 miles south from Dunedin. On the Dunedin-Invercargill line. Edendale, four miles distant, is nearest post office, which see. Formerly Kowhai timber was plentiful here.
KAMAKA, Westland. Railway siding, post and telephone office. 12 miles from Greymouth. Formerly called No Town Road or Twelve Mile.
KAMANO. Near Cheltenham.
KAMAUTAURITA. A point near Wainui, Akaroa.
KAMO, Auckland. 101 miles north from Auckland. Daily steamer to Whangarei (which see), then four miles by frequent train or bus. Dairy farming, main attractions of Kamo are the cold mineral springs (for rheumatism, etc.), but there are baths either warm or cold, where there is a good sana­torium i35s weekly) ; also guod hotel (45s). one good boarding house (20s per week): and the limestone caves. Good cycling roads. Good shooting. Post, telephone, and money order office. The properties of Kamo water are as follow: —The Kamo Springs supply a sodio-bi-carbonated water of great value. It is pleasant to the taste, and is indicated as a therapeutic agent in liver complaints and gouty and rheumatic affections. In certain diseases of the digestive organs Kamo water is a most efficient remedy, being especially valuable in dyspepsia with acidity and flatulence, chronic gastritis, and enteritis, with the local congestions that so often accompany them. Kamo water, in liver complaints, renders the bile more fluid, stimulates the vitality of the liver cells, increases the activity of the capillaries, and imparts more elasticity to the whole organ. As a solvent of "red gravel" Kamo water is most efficient. Analysis: Silica, 10.08 ; alumina, trace ; oxide or iron, .28; carbonate of lime, 57.68; carbonate of magnesia. 17.05: bi-carbonate of soda, 38.64 ; chloride of sodium, 38.01 ; chloride of potassium, 2.80 ; sulphates, nil ; boron, traces ; lithium, traces ; total solids (grains per gallon). 164.36. Population, 250. Doctor resident here.
KANAKANAE. 26 miles north-west from Gisborne. Rail to Te Karaka, thence seven miles. The name of the place is misspelt, the correct is Kanakanaia, and means "Keep a sharp lookout." Nearest telegraph office Te Karaka.
KANGAROO LAKE. Near mouth of Grey River
KANGARUA COOKS. See Gillespie's Beach.
KANIERI, Westland. On Kanieri River, 3 ½ miles by tram from Hokitika; in Westland County. Gold mining—sluicing. Coach from Hokitika to Rimu and Ross passes at 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. Good pigeon, duck, and kaka shooting. Grayling and whitebait fishing in river. Kanieri Lake worthy of visit—may be reached by hired vehicles. Very good roads for cycling. No private board, but several hotels. Township is surrounded by forest. Woodstock rush took place two miles from here many years ago. Post office and telephone.
KANIERI FORKS, Westland. A gold mining settlement, with store and hotel; seven miles east by coach from Hokitika, fare Is 6d. Trout and eel fishing, and, pigeon, kaka, and rabbit shooting. Named from the forking of the rivers. Is on the bank of Kanieri Forks, the main river. Doctor at Hokitika, 7 m. Post and telephone.
KANIERI LAKE. Is a 12-miles drive from Hokitika, through forest, emerging into view of the finest of N.Z. mountain and forest Jakes. At the southern end of the lake Mount Upright rises 2000ft per­pendicularly from the water. Mount Graham and Conical Hill, wooded to their summits, are on the right side of the lake. The lake is about seven miles long by about two miles broad, with many secluded bays, two of which are quite small lakes. The Dorothy Waterfall in Camp Bay is beautiful and deserves to be visited as it is only three minutes' walk from the lake. A good road leads from Hokitika to the lake, and the visit usually occupies one day. Good accommodation and a boat service is at the convenience of the visitor. The Westland Acclimatisation Society's hatching ponds are situated on borders of this lake, and there is an oil launch available for tourists. The scenery surrounding this lake is considered to be the finest in New Zealand. See also Kokotahi, which is post office.
KANOHI. See Kaukapakapa.
KAPANGA. The old name for Coromandel, which see.
KAPINGA. Near Otorohanga.
KAPARA (the railway station for Grassmere). A continuation of the Blenheim-Seddon line, and only lately opened for traffic. 19 miles from Blenheim.
KAPITI. See Milburn.
KAPITI ISLAND. A small island off the mouth of the Waikanae River, and Porirua Harbour, on the west coast of Wellington. A Government depot for breeding various animals. Opossums, fallow, red, and Indian deer, wild goats, pigs, Californian quail, ducks, swans, and native pigeons are here protected. Is 40 miles from Wellington, Has historic associations with the famous Maori chief Te Rauparaha, Known also as Entry Island.
For scenery Kapiti will interest the visitor. The island is so beautifully wooded that it offers a great diversity of landscape, with countless fine seascapes. There are extremely beautiful views from the leading spurs down the wooded valleys, with the white beaches of Waikanae in the distance. On the western side of the trig, station at Titeremoana the cliffs drop very precipitously for some 1700ft to the sea. The magnificent scenery here closely resembles that on the boldest part of the Great Barrier Island, Hauraki Gulf.
Kapiti abounds with places of historic interest and with relics of the ancient Maori wars and the era of the early European whalers and teems with reminiscences of Te Rauparaha and his famous Ngatitoa, who captured the island about 1820, after their migration from Kawhia.
Nearly all the places of interest are on the eastern side, facing Waikanae. The following are the principal scenic spots and historical localities, in order from north to south :—
Kurukohatu.—A large boulder-flat, close to Bay of Waiorua. Nearly the whole of this flat from the sea to the hill is covered with the relics of the ancient kumara plantations. There are hundreds of cleared plots, from which the stones and boulders have been gathered and piled up in regular rows and low walls—the'work of hundreds of hands in the days of Rauparaha's .occupancy of Kapiti (1820-40), and probably also of his predecessors.
Okupe Lake, close by, was the burial place of many scores of those killed by Rauparaha's warriors when the attack of the Rangitane and other tribes was repulsed in 1822. Many human bones are still to be seen on the lake edge. The shores of this lake and the Waiorua' Valley were the scenes of cannibal feasts.
Waiorua.—This bay and old settlement, just south of the Kuru­kohatu Flat, was one of Rauparaha's residences, and was from 1836 onwards the most important of the five whaling-stations on Kapiti. One of the whalers' large try-pots, about 4ft in diameter, is still to be seen intact at the Waiorua landing, with its stone furnace, etc., all' complete. On a steep hill at the back of the Waiorua Flat are the remains of a very ancient pa of the pre-Rauparaha days.
Kahn-o-te-Rangi.—This pretty spot, about three-quarters of a mile south of Waiorua, was also the site of a.whaling-station and a Maori^ village. It is a sheltered -nook at the mouth of the Kahu-o-te-Rangi Creek, a beautiful little creek cascading down through a thickly, wooded defile. The sites of the houses of the whalers and Maoris ara to be seen here, on both sides of the creek, with the old stone chimneys! that denote the huts of the Europeans. Tall manuka and kohekohe trees are now growing on the actual sites. Just to the south of the' beach is a remarkable rock like a huge sentry-box, guarding the little bay. There is a hole like a long narrow window, about 2ft wide and 20ft high, right through this rock; it was once a Ngatitoa tribal burying place.
Rangatira.—A fine grassy flat projecting into the sea and backed by wooded hills. Here also are the remains of one of the old whaling stations.
Taepiro.—A grassy clearing on a terrace fronting the beach and backed by thickly wooded hills. The Taepiro Creek, rising on the slope? of Mount Titeremoana, runs into the rea here. At the creek-mouth (south side) is the site of an ancient pa of the Ngatikahungnnuj tribe, subdued by the northern chief Te Pehi, Rauparaha's comrade-in-arms, about 1820. There is a track from here to the head of iho valley and to the top of the western cliffs.
Off shore are three small islands. Tokamapuna, Motungarara ("Lizard Island "), and Tahoramaurea. On the two former were noted whaling-stations, 1836-50. The former was known as Evans' Island, from the fact that a celebrated old whaler named " Tommy ' Evans had his boat station there. On Motungarara Te Rauparaha had a pa. from which he saw the beginning of the "Kuititanga" battle on the Waikanae beach in 1839 between his allies the Ngatiawa and the Ngatiraukawa tribe.
Wharekohu.—This bay, at the southern end of the island, is barked by bare hills. There are some ancient burial caves in the cliffs.
KAPOU On the Waikato River. Maori pa.
KAPONGA, Taranaki. The centre of a dairy-farming district, 79 miles north from Wanganui. Rail to Eltham, then coach 8 miles. Good pheasant and quail shooting and trout fishing. Two creameries and co-operative cheese factory, three banks, hotel, and private boarding houses. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank office. Name means " Hollow of the hand." Resident doctor.
KAPUA, Canterbury. Small district and village settlement round about Arno. which see.
KAPUKA Southland. 15 miles north by rail from Invercargill. A farming district. Post and telephone office. Shooting and fishing close at hand. Nearest doctor at Invercargill 15 m.
KAPUNI, Taranaki. It miles from Hawera. Coach daily (5i miles) to Manaia (3s 6d), then ride. Dairying and dairy factory. Roads good. Post and telephone office. Good fishing. Called after Kapuni River.
KAPURI. See Manaia
KAPUTUHI, Auckland. 107 miles south from Auckland. Bail to Te Awamutu. thence 7 miles. Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, Te Awamutu.
KARAKA BAY. In O'Kain's Bay.
KARAKA LAKE, Hobson County.
KARAKA. See Drury and Thames.
KARAKA BAY. A favourite seaside resort, reached by ferry steamer from Wellington, or tram to Miramar, thence one mile.
KARAKATUWHERO RIVER, Hick's Bay. Waiapu County.
KARAMEA, Nelson. 45 miles north by tri-monthly steamer (1st, 8th. and 23rd) from Westport ; 15s single, 25s return. One of the oldest settled districts in the Dominion. Farming and gold mining (sluicing). One hotel and private board, four stores, six schools. Good cycling roads. Post, telephone, and money order office. Is beautifully situated on the River Karamea, and is a bar harbour. Trout and game plentiful. Interesting caves have been discovered a few miles distant, which extend for about 4 miles, being from 1 to 1 ½ miles wide. A creek wanders through them. They are particularly rich in stalactites and stalagmites, and in many instances resembling delicate sculpture. In one of the caves a moa skeleton (beak as well) was unearthed. Karamea means "Red ochre." Nearest doctor, 33 miles.
KARAMEA BIGHT. Large bay extending from Cape Foulwind to Rocks Point, 60 miles.
KARAMEA RIVER. Falls into sea near Karamea, and has signal and telegraph station on north head.
KARAMU, Auckland. 96 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Ngaruawahia, thence coach daily (4s), 12 miles. Small sheep and dairy farming settlement. In Raglan County. Good shooting and trout fishing. Two creameries. Nearest telegraph office Whatawha. 6 m. On Waipa River. A good flax district. During milking season (9 months) there is daily mail by cream cart, and during winter months thrice weekly (Mon., Wed., and Fri.). Land is rapidly being taken up in this district. Nearest doctor at Hamilton. 14 .miles.
KARANGAHAKE (2379ft). A wooded hill on western shore of Lake Taupo.
KARANGAHAKE, Auckland. Gold and cinnibar mining town on Ohinemuri River, 27 miles south by rail from Thames. Quartz; mining only here. Several boarding houses. Roads good for cycling. Name means "The meeting of the hunchbacks," referring to the many hills grouped together about here. Post, money order, and telegraph' office. Resident doctor. Weekly newspaper. Has also a School of Mines.
KARANGAITUKU. A hill near Ateamuri.
KARANGAROA. Tidal river 114 m south of Hokitika. Name means "Echo.''
KARANGARUA, Westland. 120 m south from Hokitika by coach, via Ross, to Waiho, thence horse, Okura, 29 m: the whole fare 50s. Steamer also every two months, calls at Bruce Hay, 18 m from here (40s). Post and telephone. Situated on the Karangarua River at junction of Main South and Copeland roads, which connects the east and west coast, terminating at the Hermitage, Mount Cook. A road for tourist goes over the Fitzgerald Pass, some 7000ft high. The Copeland and Karangarua Valleys are the delight of the tourist. The finest views are obtained of the main peaks—Mount Cook. Sefton, etc.— in crossing the saddle which lies between Cook and Sefton. The best hot springs (boiling) in the South Island are situated in the Copeland Valley at the foot of the Sefton. 12 m from Karangarua, and 100 m from Hokitika. There is a good road for cycling from here to the Waiho, 28 m, thence from Waiho by horse to the two fine glaciers— the Franz Joseph and the Fox. Tourists can also go south to the Haast Pass, and into the Cold Lake district from here. No trout in river, but good shooting of Native game. Formerly called Scott's Gap. but was altered for postal reasons.
KARAPIRO, Auckland. 107 m south-west from Auckland by rail to Cambridge, then 6 m. Farming settlement; creamery, post and telegraph office. On Waikato River. Nearest doctor at Cambridge.
KARAPITI. Hot geyser at Wairakei, Taupo, Auckland.
KARATIA. See Koriniti.
KAREAREA. A hill near Pahiatua.
KARE KARE. 28 m from Auckland. Rail to Waikumete, thence coach Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday during summer months, Thursday only in winter, 18 miles. Splendid climate, which makes it a favourable health and holiday resort. Scenery in­teresting and picturesque. Good fishing and shooting. Accommoda­tion, 6s per day. Nearest telegraph office Waikumete, 18 m. Name means "Rippling water." Bush and creek scenery unexcelled. Beautiful waterfall close to here. Nearest doctor at Avondale. 23 miles. Post and money order office, and savings bank.
KAREPONIA. Settlement near Awanui, Auckland.
KARERE. See Longbnrn.
KARETU, Auckland. 169 miles north from Auckland. Weekly steamer to Opua, rail to Kawakawa, thence 9 miles. Post office. Nearest doctor and telegraph office, Kawakawa. Small farming settle­ment.
KARETU MOUNT (3184ft). Situated between Mounts Thomas and Grey, Ashley district.
KARETU RIVER. Tributary of Okuku River.
KAREWAREWA, Wellington. 144 miles north from Wellington. By rail to Mangaweka, thenoe coach 12 m, or rail to Feilding, coach daily to Rangiwahia, 36 m (10s single), then 5 m. Kiwitea County. Good trout fishing, and hare, ouail, antl pheasant shooting. Nearest telegraph office Rangiwahia, 5m. Is on Mangawharariki River, .and close to Ruahine Range ; scenery good. Red deer on ranges. Name means "Honeysuckle." Nearest doctor Mangaweka.
KAREWAREWA, Auckland. Scene of engagement during Maori war at Rangiriri.
KAREWHA. Island in Kati Kati Harbour. 281ft high and 3J, m from shore, and 8 m from Te Ho heads.
KARIHAKA. See Waverley.
KARIKARI CAPE. Headland between Doubtless and Ranganui Bays.
KARIKARIKI Native settlement on Waipa-River.
KA-RIO. Maori settlement in Wanganui district with Native school and dilapidated church.
KARIOI, Wellington. 195 miles north-east from Wellington, and 35 miles from Taihape by rail. Stores, boarding house, and sheep runs. Name means "Loafer," or " Lazy person," because in olden times this place was the rendezvous of such people. Good fishing, numerous streams running from Mount Ruapehu. abound­ing in splendid trout. Is on Tokiahuru River, and lays at base of Mount Ruapehu. Large tract of virgin bush in which are wild horses, cattle, and pigs. Deer have been liberated here and are thriving. Post and telephone.
KARIOI. Extinct volcano near Aotea.
KARITANE, Otago. At mouth of Waikouaiti River, 27 m from Dunedin, by train to Puketeraki, then 1 ½ m. A summer resort with two beaches; all facilities for boating, bathing, and fishing. Good shooting. Furnished cottages to be obtained. Name means " Swamp, or soft ground." Post and telephone office. Mails tri-weekly. Doctor at Waikouaiti, 4 miles.
KAROARA BAY. Near Bullockaroa Point, Pelorus Sound.
KARORI. A residential suburban borough, 3 miles west from Wellington, by electric tram every 20 minutes from city; fare from Govt. station, 3d. Population of borough 1449. Post, money order, and telegraph office, stores, refreshment rooms, etc. ; no hotel. Cemetery here. Roads splendid for cycling, a favourite run being to Makara Beach, about 5 m from here. In going over the hill a good view is obtained of Cook Strait and the northern coast of the South Island. Creswick is included in the borough, while Northland, which was also a portion of the borough, is now a portion of Greater Wellington.
KARORI ROCK. Lying off Tongue Point, Cook Strait.
KARORI STREAM. Runs into Cook Strait, Wellington.
KARORO, Westland. A railway siding two miles from Greymouth. On the Greymouth-Hokitika line. Greymouth is post office for this place.
KARTIGI. See Hillgrove. Correct spelling should be Katiki.
KATAWA HEAD (or KATAWAHO). N. head of Le Bon's Bay.
KATEA, Otago. Small settlement in Clutha County, 72 miles south from Dunedin by rail to Tahora station. Principally a dairy farming district, with dairy factory. Five miles from coast, and two from Owaka River. Post and telephone. . Nearest doctor at Owaka.
KATIKATI, Auckland. 154 miles from Auckland; in Tauranga County and on harbour of same name. Rail to Waihi, then by Tau­ranga coach, via Katikati (Mon., Wed.. Fri., 9.30 a.m.). Two stores, hotel. Good fishing and shooting. Market gardening and dairying chief occupations. Dairy factory. Bi-weekly steamer to and from Tauranga, 24 miles, arrives Monday and Thursday : single fare, 5s. Name signifies "The meeting of the tides." Post and telephone office. The harbour is connected at high water with Tauranga Harbour. Katikati was founded by Geo. Vesey Stewart, as an Irish settlement, in 1878, the settlers being Orangemen from County Tyrone.
KATUI. Settlement on Hokianga road, 3 m from Maunganui Bluff.
KAUAERANGA. Six miles from Thames by hire. Farming district. Gum and timber industries. Telephone. Name means "Look out for place to cross." The river Kauaeranga rises very rapidly, and in the Maori days this caused many Maoris to be drowned in attempting to cross. Farm produce, gum and timber are divirted to Thames and from there by steamer to Auckland. Some good Kauri timber here. Good scenery up the valley. Trout in river. Nearest doctor at Thames. Post and telephone office.
KAUAEWIRI. A locality in Akaroa Harbour.
KAUANA, Southland, 29 m north from Invercargill by rail; Southland County. Kauana is the Maori word for Cowan, the name of an old settler here. Road good for cycling; fishing and shooting. Farming settlement. One hotel. Poet and telephone.
KAUANANUKA. See Waitotara.
KAUANGAROA, Wellington. 14 miles east from Wanganui. Rail to Fordell. then 3 miles coach, Tues., Thurs., and Sat. Sheep-farming district. A pleasant drive from Wanganui. Situated on the bank of the Wangaehu River, good shooting on private property. From here the coach runs to Mangamahu (17 m) on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday: a nice drive, as scenery is good and the road follows the bank of the beautiful Wangaehu River most of the wav. Name means " Long Ford." In the olden days, before the bridge was erected, the ford was a long one. Post and teleph. Dr at Wanganui.
KAU BAY and POINT. On western shores of entrance to Welling­ton Harbour.
KAUTWHENIWHA. A tributary of Waipa River.
KAUKAPAKAPA, Auckland. On river and valley of same name, 44 miles north-west from Auckland City by rail and six miles from Helensville; in Waitemata County. A gum. timber, wool, and dairying district. Has two churches, school, two hotels, post telegraph, and money order office. Name means " Splashing through muddy water."Nearest doctor at Helensville.
KAUKAPAKAPA RIVER. Flows into Kaipara Harbour.
KAUPOKONUI, Wellington. 72 miles from Wanganui. Rail to Hawera, thence 12 miles by coach daily. Is a dairying centre situated between Manaia and Otakeho, on the Kaupokonui River, where it crosses the Main South road—brought into existence some three years ago by the Co-operative Dairy Company of the same name, whose creameries and branch factories now extend in all directions. The river is fairly well stocked with trout, and the adjacent lands abound in hares. Has a post and telephone office and mail service daily. Large co-operative Store. Name means "Big Cow." Nearest doctor at Manaia, 3 miles. Largest cheese factory in N.Z. here.
KAURI, Auckland. A railway siding 10 miles from Whangarei On the Whangarei-Whakapara line. Ruatangata, three miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Nearest doctor at Hikurangi.
KAURI GUM. The export of kauri gum for 1910 was 8664 tons, of a value of £465,044. The area still set aside as kauri gum reserves is 222,832 acres, about half of which (101,967) is in Mongonui County, Auckland.
KAURI FALLS. At Mangawai.
KAURI-HO-HORE, Auckland. Three miles from Kamo. A small farming settlement; in Whangarei County; six or seven miles from Whangarei, which see. Known formerly as Kirktown. Good pheasant shooting. Adjoining Kamo Mineral Springs. Post and tele­graph office.
KAURI MOUNT. Near Parua Bay.
KAURI POINT. In Auckland Harbour.
KAURITATAHI. A creek in Awhitu district, Auckland.
KAUROO HILL (Kauru correct spelling). Near Maheno.
KAUTAREWA. Small river in Fitzherbert district.
KAUWHATA, Wellington. 102 miles north-east from Welling­ton. Rail to Palmerston North, then coach daily 6 miles. Post office. Nearest telephone, Awahuri."
KAWA, Auckland. A railway siding 107 miles from Auckland. On the Main Trunk railway line. Te Awamutu, 7 miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Kawa means "An unbethrothed woman.
KAWAI. Native settlement near Oruoru.
KAWAKAWA Bay of Islands. 159 miles north from Auckland. Steamer via Russell to Opua, thence eight miles by rail, on Tuesday, Thursday, Frday, and Saturday. Mail coach to Horeke, Hokianga, Ohaeawai, and Okaihau. Flaxmilling and gum are the exports of township. Two hotels. Weekly newspaper, branch bank, post, telegraph, and money order office. Mail coach to Towai weekly, connecting with train to Whangarei. Named from a native shrub or tree which bears a vellow fruit. Resident doctor.
KAWAKAWA."Maori settlement near Te Araroa.
KAWARAU BRIDGE, Otago. 166 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Lawrence, thence tri-weekly coach 15 miles. In Lake County; on Kawarau River. Cold mining township. Named from river being bridged here with fine suspension bridge. Gibbston, 4 miles, is the post office, which also see. Doctor at Arrowtown, 9 miles.
KAWARAU FALLS. See Frankton.
KAWARAU RIVER. Flows out of Lake Wakatipu and joins the Clutha. It is the only outlet for Lake Wakatipu.
KAWARAU GORGE, Otago. On Kawarau River. 155 miles north-west from Dunedin ; in "Vincent County. Rail to Clyde, then tri-weekJy coach 17 miles. Gold mining—sluicing and dredging. On coach route to Queenstown between Cromwell and Arrowtown. Roads fair for cycling. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Cromwell, 3 m.
KAWATAU RIVER. North boundary of Kiwitea County.
KAWATI POINT. The north extreme of Kawau Island.
KAWATIRI. Maori name for Buller River.
KAWATEA. Locality in O'Kain'e Bay.
KAWAU, Auckland. 10 miles north-east of Waiwera and 4O miles from Auckland. Formerly famous as the home of Sir George Grey, former Governor of New Zealand. Now provided with good accommodation house, and is a great pleasure and yachting resort. Is an island 4 miles long and 3 ½ wide, hilly and wooded. The hills at south­east end are called Grey Heights, after Sir George Grey, and rise to 632ft. There is a bay, also of same name, which extends westward of the island for about 4 miles, into which the river Matakana falls. The island at one time belonged to the Scottish Loan Co., and copper ore was found and worked by them.
KAWAU POINT, Pelorus Sound.
KAWEKU, Southland. 62 miles north-east from Invercargill Rail to Riversdale, thence 4 miles. Post and telegraph office. Farm­ing district. Doctor at Riversdale.
KAWERUA, Auckland. 225 miles north-west from Auckland, via Helensville, steamer to Dargaville, rail to Kaihu. thence 22 miles; or weekly steamer direct from Onehunga. Near entrance to Hokianga Harbour. Hotel, post office, and store. Good shooting and sea fishing. Nearest telegraph office. Omapere, 10 miles. Name means ''Bait for fish." Nearest doctor at Rawene, 30 miles.
KAWHAKA. Formerly post office, Hokitika district ; now closed. Kawhaka is the name of a tree. See Dillman's and Kox's.
KAWHATAU, Wellington. 68 miles from Wanganui and 4 miles from Mangaweka railway station. No store or hotel here. Sheep farmers only. On Kawhatau River. Fair shooting—native and im­ported game.
KAWHIA, Auckland. 140 miles by weekly steamer from Onehunga ; or train to Te Awamntu, then tri-weekly roach 39 miles. Stores, accommodation house, and newspaper (weekly). The name of a Maori comity, members' meetings being held at Ohoranga, which see. Is in the centre of the King (Maori) Country, and is about 50. miles from Hamilton. Post, telephone, and money, order office. Kawhia means "how many." Resident doctor. Kawhia has a good harbour (see below). The township is rapidly forging ahead, and the fertile valleys round the harbour are becoming the homes of prosperous farmers. The soil is rich volcanic', and the extinct volcano Pirongiai attracts sufficient moisture to make the land fertile. Kawhia was the birthplace of one of the most famous, but cruel. Maori chiefs of New Zealand, named Te Rauparaha. He conquered the Maoris of Cook's Straits, Stewart Island, etc., about 1820, afterwards residing at Kapiti Island. Here used to be held cannibal feasts. 60 defeated Maoris being' killed and eaten on one occasion.
KAWHIA HARBOUR, Auckland. An extensive harbour, 130 miles south-west from Auckland. There is very little settlement here as yet, but there is room for a very considerable increase. Forty miles north of the harbour, extending to Port Waikato. there are nearly 100,000 acres of native land leased as a sheep and cattle run to the Waikato Land Association. South to Taranaki was chiefly in the hands of the Natives, but is now acquired by the Government. Kawhia Harbour is six miles broad and 12 miles long, with five rivers running into it. Has beacons on Te Motu to enter by. ib the natural outlet of the King Country. Land chiefly of a limestone formation.
KEA, 5ielson. 54 miles south-west from Nelson. Rail to Kiwi, thence 6 miles. Post and telephone office.
KEKERANGU, Marlborough. 50 m south from Blenheim. Train to Seddon, then by Kaikoura coach on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday; returns Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. On sea coast. Telegraph and money order office. One accommodation house. No .store or hotel. Coach stops here for lunch. Kekerangu is a large sheep station. Nearest doctor at Seddon, 32 m.
KELBURNE. A fashionable suburb of Wellington, half a mile by cable tram (every 10 minutes) from Lambton quay Kelburne avenue, 3d). A large recreation ground has been laid out, and the Victoria College buildings are here. A bus leaves the terminus of the tram hourly for Karori; fare, 3d each way. The Kiosk tea rooms are opposite the tram terminus. A magnificent view of tlie harbour and city is obtained. A pleasant hour or so may be spent by taking cable car to Kelburne, then walking down through Botanical Reserve and Gar­dens to Tinakori road, catching electric tram there, and returning to city.
KELLY'S CREEK. See Jacksons.
KELLYTOWN. Near Jackson.
KELSEY BUSH. Holiday resort near Waimate.
KELSO, Otago. 99 miles west by rail from Dunedin. One of the best agricultural districts, in N.Z. Situated on Pomahaka River and Swift Creek. Trout fishing at the door and shooting within three miles. Good roads. Boarding house. Telegraph, money order office, and Bank of N.Z. here. Tuapeka County. Gold dredging. Named after the birthplace of the late James Logan, who was a land-owner, by the late Crown Lands Commissioner, J. T. Thomson. Doctor at Tapanui, 4 m.
KELVIN GROVE. Near Te Arai, Rodney County.
KELVIN CROVE, Wellington. 91 miles from Wellington. Rail to Palmerston North, thence three miles hire. In Kairanga County. Post office with daily service. Nearest telegraph office Pal­merston North, three miles distant. Kelvin Grove was named after a sawmill of the early days, owned by two Scotchmen, Gillies and Henderson. Roads good for cycling. Entirely a dairying district, No accommodation. Nearest doctor at Palmerston North.
KELVIN GROVE BUSH. On Hokonui River, 10 m from Gore.
KENARA. See Mangonui.
KENEPURU, Marlborongh. Now called Portage.
KENEPURU HEAD, Marlborough. 31 miles north from Blen­heim. Steamer to Portage daily (2s), thence oil launch 4 miles. Post and telephone office.
KENNEDY'S. See Makirikiri.
KENNEDY'S BAY, Auckland. Near coast, 10 miles from Coromandel. Weekly steamer from Auckland calls every Saturday. Timber felling, gum digging, cattle and sheep farming. Good shooting and fishing. Roads good. Private tram rail, three miles long, Private board, 24s per week. Post office. This place was formerly known as St. Andrew. Is one of the best deep water bays—six miles round arid no rocks—in N.Z. Since the bush has been cut down the Native owners are going, in extensively for cattle and sheep.
KENNINGTON, Southland. Fanning township and settlement, five miles from Invercargill, on main line rail, One-tree Point station, and near Waihopai River. Good trout fishing. Cycling roads first class. Sawmills and fellmongery carried on here; also a flaxmill, cheese and dairy factory. Post and telegraph office. Doctor at Invercargill (telephone).
KENNY'S FLAT. See Onehunga.
KENSINGTON, Auckland. See Whangarei. .
KENSINGTON, Otago. Suburb of Dunedin, which see.
KENSINGTON. Suburb of Timaru.
KENT. Fruit district on Waitemata.
KENTON, near Weston.
KENT ROAD. 7 m south-east from New Plymouth. A dairying district, with butter factory and creameries. 10 m from Mount Egmont, and 13 from the Mountain house. Nearest doctor and telegraph at Inglewood, 5 miles. The Waiwakaiho River is 2 miles. Mangorei dairy factory on Waiwakaiho River, also 2 miles. Post office. Nearest telephone, Egmont Village, 2 ½ miles.
KEREKERE. Maori pah, Monganui County.
KERERU, Hawke's Bay. 43 m south-west from Napier. Hail to Hastings, then coach, 32 m (7s 6d); coach, via Maraekakaho. leaves Hastings 9.30 a.m. on Mon, Wed, and Fri, returning following day 9 a.m. Sheep district only. Name means "pigeon." Nearest telegraph, Maraekakaho, 15 miles. Post office.
KERERU. Near Mount Tantoro, Kaikohe.
KERERU, Wellington. Now called Koputarua, which see.
KERETA. Near Seadown.
KERI KERI, Auckland. A gum-digging and timber-getting settlement, 187 miles north by weekly steamer from Auckland. In Bay of Island County. Good shooting—pheasants and pigeons—and, sea fishing. Keri Keri contains the oldest stone and the oldest wooden building in New Zealand. Numerous large and interesting waterfalls. Access by sea from Russell by steam launch, and from inland—Ohaeawai, Kaikohe, and Waimate by good roads. A large urea of land is now laid out as an experimental furze farm. The site of the first wooden bridge erected in New Zealand (in 1815), and th«> oldest stone building (erected 1833). A mission station formed here in 1819 by the Rev. Mr Marsden's party (Anglican), the Rev. John Butler being in charge. Post office and telephone. Keri means "to dig.'' Nearest doctor at Ohaeawai, 14 miles.
KERI KERI FALLS, See Waiawa Waniwa Falls.
KERIPEHI. Native settlement on Piako River, Auckland.
KERITA. Settlement in Coromandel district.
KERMADEC ISLANDS. A group of four islands belonging to N.Z.. 614 m north-east of Russell. Of these Sunday Island is about 20 m in circumference, and there are only seven inhabitants. The Government steamer visits once a year, and there is a depot with stores on Macaulay Island and another on Cook's Island for shipwrecked crews. The area of the islands is—Raoul or Sunday. 7200 acres; Macaulay, 764 acres; L'Esperance or French Rock, 12 acres; Curtis Islands, 128 acres. These islands were annexed in 1887. Macaulay and Curtis Islands were discovered by tho captain of the transport Lady Penrhyn in 1788. and in 1837 Sunday and L'Esperance Islands were discovered. Macaulay Island is 68 m south-west of Sunday Island, and L'Esperance 142 m south-west. Curtis Island is 20 m from Macaulay Island. Sunday Island, the principal of the group, is 600 m from Auckland. Rainfall is plentiful, but not excessive; climate mild, but warmer than the north of N.Z. ; while the soil is very rich.
KERRY TOWN, Canterbury. An extensive farming district, 11 m north-west from Timaru and 2 m from Waitohi" railway station, on Opihi River between Temuka and Pleasant Point. Flour mills but no store or hotel here. Accommodation may be arranged. Excellent cycling roads. So named because the original settlers all came from Kerry County, Ireland. Both fishing and shooting are obtainable close at hand, shooting on the river-bank, and fishing in the Opihr River, which is one of the best streams in South Canterbury for trout; flounders are also there. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Pleasant Point,
3 miles.
KETEMARAE. See Normanby.
KETENIKAU. Small inland lake and Maori settlement 1 ½ m from Kamo.
KETETAHI. Hot spring on Tongariro. Good road from Waimarino to here.
KETU BAY, Marlborough. 56 m from Blenheim; 28 m by Sounds steamer from Havelock (which is nearest telegraph office), and fortnightly from Wellington, fare 10s. Post office is called Pohuonui, which sec.
KEW, Otago. A residential suburb of Greater Dunedin., Trams connect with city every few minutes.
KEW, Southland. A railway siding two miles from Invercargill. On the Invercargill-Bluff line. Clifton, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
KHANDALLAH, Wellington. A suburb of Wellington City, five miles north by rail; in Onslow Borough, in .Hutt County. Roads fair for cyclists. This is one of Wellington's most favourite residential suburbs, and is between Wellington and Johnsonville. Post and tele­phone office.
KIA ORA, Otago. 10 miles west from Oamaru. On Kakanui River. Rail to Enfield, thence 2 miles. Good roads. Post office; mails daily. Small farming district. Nearest telegraph,. Totaratahi,
4 miles.
KIEHIEKIE. See Raurimu.
KIDNAPPERS. Cape named by Captain Cook in 1769, from an attempt to kidnap a boy from the ship. See Cape Kidnappers.
KIHI-KIHI, Auckland. Near Pnniu River, two miles from Te Awamutu. Daily coaches arriving and departing to suit trains. Farm­ing, creamery, and waggon factory. Private boarding and hotels, post, telephone, and money order office. Was the residence of the great Native chief Rewi, and close to where the last Maori battle— that of Orakau—was fought. Noted for its dry, bracing climate, and is on the borders of the King Country. Good pheasant and quail shooting, and trout fishing. Kihi-Kihi means "Locust," so called from the numbers of locusts that infested the bush here. Popu­lation 509. Doctor at Te Awamutu.
KIKITANGEO. A mountain near Hoteo North.
KIKOWHAKARIRI. A bay in Coromandel district.
KIKOWHITI. A river flowing north-west from Waipu.
KILBIRNIE. A suburb of Wellington, 3 miles by electric car every few minutes from city. Roads good for cycling. Post, money order and telegraph office; stores and well-laid-out tea gardens. See Wellington. Trams to Miramar, Seatoun, and Lyall Bay pass here.
KILLINCHY, Canterbury. A farming district, 35 miles south from Christchurch. Rail to Dunsandel, thence by mail coach, 5 m, daily (Is). No store, hotel, or boarding house here. Killinohy is named after a district in Ireland, from where most of the settlers here came. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Leeston, 4 miles.
KIMBELL. 44 miles north-west from Timaru. Rail to Fairlie, thence motor car tri-weekly, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday (2s 6d). Mackenzie County. Formerly called Three Springs. Situated at the gate of the Mackenzie, 1200 feet above sea level; climate dry and salubrious. Named after the first owner of Three Springs Station. Is on the right bank of the Opihi River, and warmest spot on Ashwick Flat. Trout fishing in Opihi River and Silverstream Creek: hares, plentiful. Post and telephone office.
KIMBERLEY, Canterbury. 33 miles west from Christ-church. Rail to Uarfield, thence three miles. Farm settlement. The district is on the Canterbury plain and lies along t'le south bank of the Waimakariri River, and is good soil. Post office. Nearest telegraph office (also doctor) at Darfield. Named after Kimberley by William Pitt, first chairman of committee.
KIMBOLTON, Wellington. 117 miles from Wellington. By rain to Feilding, then 18 miles (twice each day), daily coach, 5s. Sur­rounding district is agricultural. Has post and telegraph and money order office. Roads good for cycling. One hotel and private boarding. Medium trout fishing in Oroua River, distant 2 m. Is situated on a plateau 10 miles west of Ruahine range in a very healthy upland country, and is recommended for chest complaints. Branch Bank of N.Z.. and office of County Council here. Formerly called Birming­ham, but from confusion with English city was altered after the road from Feilding to here. Road was named by the Duke of Manchester, who once owned the Manchester block here. Resident doctor.
KIMIHI A, Auckland. On Kimihia Lake, 64 miles south by rail from Auckland City. Coal mining. Roads fairly good. Private boarding. 20s to 30s per week. See Huntly for post town.
KINCAID. Sheep station 4 m N.W. of Kaikoura
KING COUNTRY. 10,000 square miles, formerly a kingdom with its own King, with defined frontiers, and even until recent years a kingdom within a British colony. It embraced what is known as the Auckland goldfields districts as far S. as Wanganui. including Rangitikei. Taranaki. Mokau, Kawhia. the whole of the Waikato districts, and part of Rotorua and Taupo. The Tongariro mountain sacred to Maoris was the centre and the King was Te Wherowhero. For about 10 years from the settlement of the colony this territory was undis­turbed, from the fact that the King and chiefs would allow no one to pass through or even enter it. Then came the Waikato war, which, lasting for years, though it ended in confiscation, only decreased its area by giving to the white man the Waikato. now a prosperous dis­trict. The boundaries thus reduced still exist and a King still reigns, but not over a kingdom, the old penalty of death to those who en­tered or sold land having been forgotten. The land belongs to Maoris, but they lease it. Totara and rimu forests are now tapped by the Main Trunk railway. Whatiwhatihoe, under Pirongia mountain {Auck­land province), at the junction of Puniu and Waipa Rivers, once a royal village where dwelt the King of the King Country.
KINGS. A railway siding 22 miles from Invercargill. See Winton.
KINGSDOWN, Canterbury. A farming settlement on the outskirts of Timaru, extending out about eight miles. Timaru is the post office for here.
KINGS GULLY. Mining settlement near Greymouth.
KINGSLAND, Auckland. A picturesque suburb three miles from Auckland. By electric tram. Post and telegraph office.
KINCSROAD. A railway siding six miles from Gisborne. See Makauri for post and telephone office.
KINGSTON, Otago. 87 m N.W. from , Invercargill. The terminus of the Invercargill-Kingston railway. At the southern end of Lake Wukatipu, has an hotel and a railway station. Train runs alongside jetty opposite hotel, transhipping passengers into steamer for Queenstown. Is 174 miles by rail from Dunedin, and 25 from Queenstown by steamer (2 ½ hours), and is 1,100ft above sea level. Steamer meets outward and inward trains daily. Has post, telegraph, and money order office. Doctor at Lumsden, 38 m.
KINGSTON CROSSING, Otago. A railway siding 24 miles
from Gore. On the Waimea line. Post and telephone office, but postal name is Longridge, which also see.
KINKEL MOUNT. A peak of the Southern Alps, Ashburton County.
KINLOCH, Otago. A sequestered nook of a township lying at the head of Lake Wakatipu, on the left shore. It is much visited by tourists, as, apart from the wonderful view of the mountains of the lake it possesses, it is the starting point for the Dart River and Lake Harris. The Queenstown steamer calls four days a week in summer and twice a week in winter. There is private accommodation (and very good) to be had. but no licensed hotel. Cycling is not available unless for short distances. Trout fishing in the lake and streams inward. There is a post office.
KINOHAKU. 149 m S.W. from Auckland. Steamer from Onehunga to Kawhia, thence steam launch (9 m), tri-weekly, 2s. Lime­stone quarries. Accommodation. Roads fair in summer time. Name means "bad king fish." Post, money order, and telephone office. Doctor at Kawhia. 9 miles. Very good caves at Te Piripiri, on the Marokopa River, 14 miles distant.
KIO KIO. 112 miles south from Auckland by rail via Frankton Junction. Dairying and grazing are the chief industries. Good shoot­ing. Kio Kio is the name of the railway station, while Puketarata is the name of the settlement. Post office, with mails Tu., Th., and Sat. Creamery and store. Nearest telegraph Otorohanga, 4 miles. Nearest doctor Te Awamutu, 12 miles.
KIOREROA. Auckland. A railway siding 2 miles from Whangarei, with telephone- office. Formerly called Opau.
KIRI KIRI, Auckland. Five miles from Thames and half-mile from Kopu, which see, the description being the same. A native settlement, for which Kopu is the post office.
KIRI KIRI. See Oxford.
KIRI KIRI TOKI. River on E. coast of Auckland, near Whangarei.
KIRIKIRIROA, Auckland. 86i miles south-east by rail from Auckland. Is also called Hamilton East. Carbolic soap factory, creamery, several stores, two hotels, and boarding houses. On eastern bank of Waikato River. Opposite Hamilton and part of Hamilton Borough, which see for descriptive matter. Post and telegraph office. Name means "Plenty gravel," from the gravel river beach. The Waikato Agricultural Show is held here yearly in November. Doctor at Hamilton.
KIRI KOPUNI. 118 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, thence steamer via Dargaville (17s 6d return). Hobson County. Good pheasant, pigeon, and wild duck shooting. Deer have been liberated here by Acclimatisation Society. On bank of the Northern Wairo River. Nearest telegraph Tangiteroria, but private wire from Kirikopuni to Tangiteroria, over which telephone business is conducted. Mails Mon., Wed., and Fri. Doctor at Dargaville, 16 m.
KIRIPAKA, Auckland. 104 miles north from Auckland. By steamer to Whangarei, then by coach 9 m daily (3s). The Ngunguru, coal mine, with its employees, three small stores, and half-a-dozen other residents comprise settlement. Mail bi-weekly. Post, telephone, and money order office. On the Ngunguru River. Doctor at Whangarei.
KIRIRI. Old Church of England mission station and Native settlement on Tarawera Lake.
KIRITAKI, Hawke's Bay. Formerly Maharahara East. 92 miles by rail from Napier to Oringi. then 4 m by road. 9 m from Dannevirke, principal business place for this district. Principal indus­try, dairying. Good fishing. Post and telephone office. Kiritaki means to “pull off" or "separate," as bark from a tree. This place was covered with Totara bush once, from which much bark was peeled off. Is well watered by numerous streams and by the Orua-Kiritaki stream, in which are trout. Doctor at Dannevirke.
KIRITEHERE. Auckland. A newly-settled district lying on the coast 20 miles south of Kawhia Harbour. Fertile land a short distance from coast. Plenty of shooting and fishing. Rail to Onehunga, thence steamer to Kawhia, launch to Te Maika, thence horse 20 miles; or rail to Te Kuiti,. thence horse 35 miles. Nearest doctor at Kawhia. Flax and saw mills and store. Name means "A tied-up body ready for burial or cannibal feast." Post office. Nearest telephone office Marokopa.
KIRITA BAY. Between Coromandel and Thames.
KIRIWHENEKAI. Hot stream flowing from the Blue Lake to Waikato River, near Wairakei.
KIRKTOWN. Another name for Kauri-ho-hore, which see.
KIRWEE, Canterbury. A fanning settlement, 25 miles south-vest by rail from Christchurch ; Malvern line. Post, telegraph, and money order office and stores. There is an hotel. Good cycling roads in vicinity. A. and P. Association. Named by the late Colonel Brett after battle fought at Kirwee in India, in which his troops were vic­torious. Nearest doctor at Darfield, 5 miles.
KITEMARAMA. A telephone office in the Westport postal district.
KIVER PASS. Near Murchison.
KIWI, Nelson. 48 ½ miles south-west from Nelson by rail. Roads tad in winter. Tadmor River affords good trout fishing, and shooting is plentiful. Post and telephone. Boarding obtainable. Hop growing district. Named after the bird Kiwi. Nearest doctor, 8 miles.
KIWI. See Wairoa.
KIWI-O-P0INT. Near Raglan. Locality for olden-time war dances.
KIWITAHI, Auckland. A railway siding on Frankton-Rotorua railway, and six miles from Morrinsville, which see. Deer stalking, pheasant and hare shooting, and good trout fishing. Nearest post and telegraph office Morrinsville, 6 miles, where doctor is. Name means “One Kiwi Bird." Situated at foot of Maungakawa Range.
KIWITEA. Name of county and river in Wellington province.
KIWITEA, Wellington. Ill miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Feilding, thence by daily coach, which meets train. 12 miles, fare 3s. Is a dairying district. No hotel or boarding house. Post telephone, and money order office. Two daily coaches leave Kiwitoa at 8.30 a.m. and 12.30 p.m. for Feilding; leave Feilding 9 a.m. and 3.30 p.m. for Kiwitea; time occupied, about two hours. Is two miles and a-half from Oroua River. Trout fishing and native game shooting. Has two churches (Presbyterian and English), school, and butter factory. Name means "White Kiwi." Doctor at Kimboltpn. 6. miles. Half holiday on Saturday.
KIWITOWN. Suburb of Brunnerton.
KNAPDALE. See Chatton.
KNIGHTSTOWN. See Christchurch.
KOEKE, Wellington. 99 m from Wanganui. Rail to Mataroa, then road 11 miles. Koeka is said by Maoris to be the correct spelling, which meant the "Lancewood tree." Was formerly a great resort of Maoris for pigeon shooting. Post, telephone, and money order office. Doctor at Taihape, 18 m.
KOHANGA. Mission station, Port Waikato.
KOHATU. Formerly called Motupiko Railway. On the Motueka River: 32 miles from Nelson by rail. Good trout fishing and deer stalking. Post, telephone, and money order office. Store and hotel. Coaches start from here and connect with Westport and Reefton, on the West Coast, Tuesday and Friday, 10.30 a.m. To Reefton (98 m), 60s and 90s; and to Westport (106 m), 60s and 90s. Is 22 m from Kohatu, and on coach road is Hope Saddle, where there are a few settlers, but no post office, and therefore Kohatu acts as same. Nearest doctor at Tapawera, 5 ½ m. Name means "A Stone."
KOHATUPAPA HEAD. Entrance to Whangaruru Harbour.
KOHE KOHE, Auckland. Situated on the south-west of Manuka 11 Harbour, 51 miles from Auckland, by daily steamer. Iron­stone sand is a peculiarity. No hotel or boarding. Is pleasantly situated, having a view of the West Coast on one side, and the river on the other, landing place at Te Tora wharf, four miles off; is seven miles from Waiuku, which is nearest telegraph office.
KOHEROA. Near Mercer. Scene of engagement during Maori-war in 1862.
KOHI, Taranaki. Nine miles from Waverley (by road), which is the nearest telegraph office. Place named after the kohi tree. Waverley Dairy Company has creamery here.
KOHI POINT. The north-east point (522 feet high) of Whakatane River entrance.
KOHIMAKAMA. See St. John's College.
KOHINUI, Wellington, seven miles from Pahiatua. Situated on the bank of Tiruamea River, where there is good trout fishing. Trout are also in the two smaller streams, the Makairo and Waitukuroa. The only industry here is a creamery. Is 117 miles from Wellington. Rail to Mangatainoka, thence mail cart (4 m) tri-weekly. Pahiatua County. Post, telephone. Nearest doctor at Pahiatua, 7 m.
KOHINUI. Stream, tributary of Tiraumea River, Wellington.
KOHU KOHU, Auckland. Hokianga County. On Hokianga Harbour. 194 miles north-east by weekly steamer from Onehunga. tare 32s 6d. The Kauri Timber Co. and Rangiora Timber Co. have mills and offices here. Timber milling and kauri gum digging are chief industries. Four stores and one hotel; post, money order, and tele­phone office. Good shooting, and excellent fishing in harbour. Doctor resident. The name has a blasphemous meaning. The place is really a New Zealand Venice, all the traffic being carried on by motor launches.
KOHUMARU, Auckland. 189 miles north from Auckland; steamer (32s) to Mangonui, thence 5 miles. Mangonui County, flood trout fishing, and pheasant, duck, and pigeon shooting. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Mangonui, 5 m. Is on branch of the Oruiaiti River, and the name means " Place where the fog lies."
KOHURATAHI, Taranaki. 78 miles southeast from New Plymouth. Rail to Stratford, then coach .tri-weekly (Mon, Wed, and Fri), 45 m, to Whangamomona, then horse 4 in. Seven miles from Tangnrnkau, a tributary of the Wanganui River. Beautiful bush scenery, and pheasant and pigeons are plentiful. Is five miles from Whangamomona; eight miles from Putikituna. Boat runs weekly to Wanganui. Post and telephone office.
KOITERANGI, Westland. An agricultural and pastoral district 15 miles to the south-east of Hokitika, and 12 miles from Kanieri by road. Situated between the Kokatahi and Hokitika Rivers. Visitors to Whitcombe Pass must pass through Koiterangi, that being the only approach to this famous pass, which is to bring the East Coast into such close connection with the West. The road on this side of the pass ap­proaches it to within a couple of miles, and is in splendid condition for vehicle and cycle traffic. The industries of the district are chiefly cattle-rearing, farming, and dairy products. Excellent cheese is also made in the district; and although the district is still in its infancy large areas of land are already under grass. Numbers of people from the surrounding towns frequently visit Koiterangi in order to enjoy the shooting season, which is very good. The birds of the district are chiefly pigeon, paradise duck, grey duck, blue (or mountain) duck, and the teal duck, all of which are found in abundance. Rabbits are obtainable also. Trout have been liberated in all the streams. Creamerv here, and butter factory across the river. Post and telephone. Name means "One Hill," or "Isolated Hill." Nearest doctor at Hokitika.
KOKAKO, Hawke's Bay. 99 miles from Napier and 24 from Frasertown. by road. Name is Maori name for cow. Native school. Frasertown is post office for this place.
KOKATAHI, LOWER AND UPPER. Westland. Farm­ing and grazing districts, and postal offices. 11 to 15 miles from Hokitika. Good driving road. Two hotels, private accommodation, Mid store. Are both situated on the Kokatahi and Hokitika Rivers. Is completely surrounded by hills. Has a telephone to Hokitika; dairy factory and creamery. Kanieri Lake is four miles off. Roads good for cycling. Rabbit, pigeon, and duck shooting. Name means "One Bird." Fishing good. Hatchery here, situated on a creek near the road leading to Kokatahi. Riverbridge coach runs from Hokitika on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 3 p.m., to Kokatahi Lower, returning following day.
KOKATAU, Six miles from Carterton. Farming district.
KOKIRI, Westland. On River Arnold, 13 miles south-east by rail from Greymouth. Gold sluicing, saw milling for silver pine sleepers. Pigeon shooting and grayling fishing close at hand. Bad roads. Has one hotel, but there is rib private boarding house. In Grey County. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Stillwater, 5 miles. Nearest doctor Brunnerton, 6 miles.
KOKIWAHINE. See Redcliffe Point.
KOKOAMO, Otago. Farming district, 27 miles north-west from Oamaru; in Waitaki County. Nearest telegraph office Bortons (3 m), and Duntroon (5 m) are nearest railway stations. Name means " dirty water." Nearest doctor at Ngapara, 6m.
KOKONGA, Otago. 75 miles north-west from Dunedin by rail. Small farming settlement, with hotel, store, post, telephone, and money order office, and boarding house. On the bend of Taieri River. Duck and swan shooting on Taieri Lake. Maori spelling is "Ko-ko-nga," which means "Bending River," as above noted. Nearest doctor at Waipiata. 7 miles.
KOKORAKA. Tributary of Northern Wairoa River.
KOMAKO, Otago. See Waipiata
KOMAKO, Wellington. A sheep-farming and postal district. 115 m N.E. from Wellington and 17 m from Ashhurst railway by mail cart. Good cycling roads. Is situated on the banks of the Pohangina River, and there is plenty of game and fishing close to—pigeons, pheas­ants, quail, duck, kaka, and wild pigs. -Named after the bellbird, an almost extinct native bird. Post and telephone. Dr. at Palmerston N.
KOMATA, Auckland. 28 miles from Thames and six miles from Paeroa by rail, 6 miles from Hikutaia. A gold mining township. Situated amid very pretty bush on a small creek. Plenty of pigeons and wild cattle to shoot. Coach leaves for Paeroa every morning. Post, money order, and telephone office. Store and boarding house. Name means a bowl into which uncooked food is placed.
KOM ITI, Auckland. A bluff in Kaipara Harbour. 190 miles north from Auckland by steamer (tri-weekly). via Whangarei. Post and telephone office.
KOMOKORAU. District in Waikato County.
KOMO-KORIKI, Auckland. Rodney County. 48 miles north from Auckland and 20 from Helensville. Rail to Ahuroa, thence five miles by pack-horse. Farming village, with store and post office. Is an inland village, with access to the Kaipara Harbour; distance to tidal river, 4 miles. Pheasant and duck shooting Telephone office at Ahuroa. Nearest doctors, Helensville or Warkworth, 16 miles.
KOMUTUMUTU, A stream flowing into Rotorua Lake, where the supply of water is obtained for the Tarukenga railway -station, one mile and a-half inland and 300ft above.
KONGAHU. 50 miles north from Westport by steamer to Karamea. or overland by road. Good roads. Accommodation, 3s per day. Telephone and post office. Name means " Windy Point."' Nearest doctor. 36 miles.
KONINI, Wellington. 102 miles from Wellington by rail. A dairy farming district and township between Woodville and Eketahuna. Creamery and dairy factory, one hotel and store, no private boarding house. Excellent cycling roads. Pahiatua is five miles distant, which see. The name is that of the native berry konini (fuchsia). Is on the Makakahi River, and was formerly called Makakahi. Post and telephone. Doctor at Pahiatua.
KONINI. See Waikonini.
KONONI, Otago. 73 miles south-west from Dunedin. Bail to Lawrence, thence coach 12 miles. Post and telephone. Mails tri­weekly. Farming district. On Molyneux River. Dr. at Lawrence, 4 m.
KOPARA RIVER. Tributary of Ahaura River.
KOPATAWAKI. Bay and Native settlement near Driving Creek.
KOPU, Auckland. Near mouth of Thames River, four and a-half miles south from Thames by rail; 3 miles from Turua by water. Saw­mills and dairying. Fair shooting. Has one hotel, and a post and telegraph office. The place being accessible to steamers at almost all states of the tide and being connected with Auckland, the Thames, and Paeroa, is favourably situated. Although the land bordering the river is flat and much of it unimproved, the series of picturesque terraces which borders the foot of the ranges and commands extensive scenery composed of sea, river, forest, and forest-clad hills, offers sites for really pleasant residences ; but until lately most of the land, and still a good deal of it, is in the hands of the natives, who. with some exceptions, have not done much to improve the place. Lately some of them have erected good residences. Ex­ports timber largely to Australian ports by large vessels from the port. Name means "Deep water," or "Belly of River." Dr. at Thames.
KOPU. See Takapau.
KOPUA, Hawke's Bay. A railway station three miles from Ormondville, which see. It is an old native district. Name means " Deep dark hole."
KOPUARANCA, Wellington. Known formerly as "The Camp.'' An agricultural and dairying district. Is 73 miles north by rail from Wellington. Post and telephone office. Masterton 9 miles off. Is in Wairarapa Co. Creamery close to station. Dr. at Masterton.
KOPUARANGA RIVER. Flows into Ruamahunga River, in Wai­rarapa district.
KOPUATATE, Te Kuri district.
KOPUERA LAKE. Near Rangiriri.
KO PUKI. Island (1 ¼ m long) in Coromandel Harbour.
KOPUKU, Auckland. 60 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Mercer, then launch (daily). On Waikato River. Post office, and farming.
KOPUREHEREHE. Small lake near Otaki.
KOPURIKI. See Te Houhi.
KOPURU. Survey district, Hobson County.
KOPUTANAKI. A bay in Coromandel district.
KOPUTARUA, Wellington. 65 miles from Wellington arid five miles from Levin railway station. Occupation chiefly dairy, farm­ing and flaxmilling. Sawmills and store in settlement. Nearest hotel
accommodation at Levin, which see. Post, telephone, and money order office. Doctor at Levin. A monument to a noted Christianised Maori chief stands on the little rise behind the railway station.
KORAHA, Auckland. 127 miles north-east from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei (22s 6d return), thence rail to Towai, then daily coach 6 miles. Is situated in the Rama Rama Valley. Post office.
KORAHA. A telephone office in the Auckland postal district.
KORORAREKA, Russell. Was once the headquarters of the Jesuit mission and the chapel of Bishop Pompalier.
KORERE, Nelson. ' 40 miles south-west from Nelson. Rail to Kohatu, thence coach seven miles bi-weekly (2s 6d). Korere is the new name given to Motupiko Upper. It is situated on a river wherein abound trout. The surrounding country affords plenty of sport for the sportsman, for there are deer, wild pigs, and several kinds of game. The chief industries are farming and sawmilling. Korere is in Waimea County. Has a post and telephone office and a bi-weekly mail service. One hotel. Name, means "Stormy" or "Windy." Nearest doctor at Tapawera, 12 miles.
KORINITI, Wellington. A Native settlement, on the Wanganui River, reached by steamer thrice weekly from Wanganui, 40 miles (10s return). One of the best Maori schools is situated near Koriuiti, and is known as Pamoana, the old tribal name. Koriniti is the Maori name for the Greek town Corinth, and was probably given by, or owing to the influence of, the Rev. Basil Taylor, the first mis­sionary (C.M.S.) on this river. Nearest telegraph Pipiriki, 19 miles. Post office.
KORITO, Taranaki. 9 m south-east from New Plymouth. Creamery; farming settlement. Mails bi-weekly. Nearest telegraph and doctor. Inglewood, 8 miles. Fair roads, but hilly. "Very little shooting or fishing.
KOROKORO. An old Maori pa on stream of same name 5 miles' from Wellington, on Hutt. road, and 2 miles from Petone; now seat of Petone woollen mills. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Petone, 2 miles.
KOROMATUA. Auckland. Small stream and lake near Whata-whata. Waipa : also farming and postal district: 89 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Frankton Junction, thence 5 miles. Creamery.
KOROMIKO, Marlborough. A railway station and dairy-farming settlement on Blenheim-Picton railway, 12 miles from Blenheim. Dairy and sheep farming principal trade. One store; no hotel or other accommodation. Post and telephone office. Doctor at Picton.
KOROMIKO, Otago. See Orepuki.
KOROPEKE. A hill near Pahiatua.
KORORA. Wellington. 158 miles north-east from Wellington City. Rail to Pahiatua, then coach (Tuesday and Saturday, 42 miles) to Pongaroa. then 5 miles horse. Is between two rivers—Pongaroa and Akitoe. Name said to mean "long talk," from a Maori tribe. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor (3 miles) between Korora and Pongaroa
KORORAREKA. The old name for Russell, which see.
KORORIPA. Another name for Mat Wight's Bay, Akaroa Harbour.
KOROTTTI, Great Barrier Island.
KOROTUEKA. See Kaiapoi.
KORU, Taranaki. An agricultural settlement, 9 ½ miles south by daily motor from New Plymouth (fare, 2s). Good cycling roads. Dairy and agricultural district, having several private dairy factories, and also supplying a large quantity of milk to the co-operative creamery here. This settlement of Koru is inland, about three and a-half miles from the sea, opening on to the new Patua Block of standing bush, which is being felled by the occupiers. Plenty of native game, also pheasants and quail. Is healthy, being on high ground between ocean and Mount Egmont. Very pretty bend in Oakura River and a suspension bridge, where picnickers from New Plymouth visit. Name, properly. "Te Kuni." taken from a great Maori feast where cannibalism was carried out, Maori ovens being found here in proof. Nearest telegraph office Oakura, four miles. Gold found in ranges a few miles off, and five miles indications of petroleum. Doctor at New Plymouth (telegraph).
KORUA KOPUPU. On Waikato River.
KOTARE, Taranaki. Post office. 55 .miles north from New Plymouth. Rail to Waitara, coach to Okau (12s 6d) 39 miles, thence horse 5 miles. Small settlement. One store. Telephone office. Doctor at Waitara.
KOTUKU, Westland. A railway siding 22 miles from Grey-mouth, on the Greymouth-Otira line. Moana, two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see. Oil springs discovered here.
KOTUNUI HEAD. Northern point of Takomaru Bay
KOUTU, Auckland. 206 miles north-west from Auckland by weekly steamer. Post and telephone office. Good fishing and pheasant and pigeon shooting. Nearest doctor. 12 miles by river. On Hokianga River. Name means "Bail," from scene of cannibalism, and having to bail out the refuse from cooking hole. A timber milling centre.
KOUTU. Maori settlement and railway siding one mile from Rotorua. Nearest post and telegraph office Rotorua.
KOWAHA. Native settlement near Rotorua Lake.
KOWAI BUSH. Canterbury. A farming settlement with a post office. 4 miles from Springfield railway station. In Tawera County. Is situated on a river bay, and is chiefly noted for its health resort. The Midland railway is opening up beautiful scenery. Hares and rabbits abundant; no fishing. Post office and telephone. Boarding house. Nearest doctor at Darfield, 20 miles.
KOWAI PARS. The old name for Springfield, which see.
KOWHAI FLAT. Large and fertile flat, the chief farming district of Kaikonra.
KOWHAI RIVER. Four miles south-west of Kaikoura.
KUAHA, Auckland. Telegraph office.
KUAMAHANGA. Tributary of Wainuioru River, east coast of Wellington.
KUAOTUNU, Auckland. A mining township 108 miles east by N.S.S. Co.'s steamers Tuesday and Saturday (fare 25s single. 30s return) from Auckland. Great Mercury, Waitaia. and the Mariposa Gold Mining (quartz) Companies have their claims here. Two hotels and boarding houses, 17s 6d per week. Good sea fishing in bay. Post, telephone, and money order office. Doctor at Whitianga, 10 m. KUAOTUNU UPPER, Auckland. By steamer weekly from Auckland. See Kuaotunu, which acts as post office.
KUIRAU One of the largest hot springs at Rotorua.
KUKUPARERE. Three miles from Kaeo.
KUKUWAI. See Parua.
KUMARA, Westland. On Teremakau River. 18 miles north-east from Hokitika and 16 miles south-east from Greymouth by rail. Rail­way station is 44 miles from town, but coaches meet every train. Hydraulic gold mining and sluicing. Good cycling roads. Boarding at hotels only, at the rate of 8s to 10s per day : 13 hotels. Is a borough, and has a bank, post, telegraph, and money order office, and telephone exchange; also daily newspaper. Population, 781. Named after the Maori potato, which in the early days was very prolific here. Resi­dent doctor.
KUMARA RAILWAY STATION. 14 miles northeast from Hokitika by rail. Telephone and post office. Junction of road and railway from Hokitika and Greymouth. One hotel. Is three-quarters of a mile from sea beach and two miles from Teremakau River. Good fishing in river. Nearest doctor at Kumara, 4 ½ miles.
KUMEROA, Hawke's Bay. A postal and farming district, 115 miles south from Napier; is Woodville County. Rail to Woodville, thence by mail coach tri-weekly (9 miles); fare, 2s. One hotel and stores. On Manawatu River. Good trout fishing. Name means " Long breath." Post, telephone, and money order office. Two creameries. Settlement was acquired from Thomas Crosse, and opened for application on May 12, 1902. Area purchased was 3744 acres. Fruit growing. Nearest doctor at Woodville.
KUMEU FLAT, Auckland. Near Kumeu River. 25 m N. by rail from Auckland. In Waitemata County. Kauri gum chiefly. Steamer on river from Rivershead to Auckland. Pheasant and rabbit shooting. Bad roads for cycling. Has one hotel, but no private boarding. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Helensville. 13 m, where doctor is; Rivershead. 3 m.
KUMEU NORTH. See Kumeu Flat.
KUMMERSTEIN. Sheep Station on east coast of Wairarapa.
KUMURATU. Source of Mangakahia River.
KUNITA LAKE. Near Tiniroto, Cook County.
KUPATA. See Kopu.
KURANGA. See Thames.
KURANUI. See Thames.
KURI BUSH, Otago. 20 miles south from Dunedin; in Taieri County. Rail to Green Island, thence by mail cart 8 miles (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday; 4s 6d return); Otokia, 8 miles. A small settlement of some dozen farms. Excellent shooting and fishing in vicinity. On the coast, three miles from mouth of Taieri River. Name Kuri means "dog." Post office and telephone. Cheese factory. Nearest doctor at Green Island, 8 miles.
KURIPAPANGO, Hawke's Bay. Situated on the Ngaruroro River near Kaweka Ranges; 45 miles west from Napier. Coach (20s) leaves Napier once a week. Is quite a mountain retreat and health resort. 1698ft above the level of the sea. Shooting—wild duck, pheasant, and pig hunting. A few sheep stations here. Accommoda­tion for a limited number only. Nearest telegraph Puketapu, 36 miles. Nearest doctor at Napier. Name means "wild dog." Post office.
KURIPUNI, Wellington. One mile by rail or 'bus from Masterton, of which it is a suburb, which see for particulars of district. Named from stream on which it is situated, Kuripuni. Nearest tele­graph office Masterton, one mile.
KURIWAI. A school district near Clinton, which see.
KUROW, Otago. On Waitaki River, 42 miles north west by rail fmni Oamaru. Wool and grain growing district. Coach to Omarama leaves here Wednesday and Saturday at 8 a.m.. returns Mondays and Thursdays. Hare, pukaki, and duck shooting plentiful; good trout fishing in river. Good roads. Two hotels, no private board. Branch bank, National. Post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank office. Resident doctor. A Government nursery is here. The correct Maori spelling is Kohu-rau, meaning “many mists," and was applied to mountain in the neighbourhood.
KURUPUNI. See Kuripuni.
KUTARERE, Auckland. 178 miles south-east from Thames. Steamer to Ohiwa. thence 9 miles. Opotiki County. Post and telegraph, and money order offices. Is situated at head of Ohiwa Harbour, leaning of Kutarere is "a heap of shells." Freezing works. Good fishing and shooting. Nearest doctor. Opotiki. 12 miles.
KUTUKU. See Kokatahi Lower.
KUTUPIRI. Near Little River.
KUTUWHERO POINT. At head of Pigeon Bay.
KUWARE. Hill in N. Puketoi Ranges, in Pahiatua district.
KYEBURN, Otago. A farm settlement near junction of the Taieri and Kyeburn Rivers, in Central Otago ; 77 miles north-west from Dunedin and four miles from Kokonga railway station. Boarding house and post and telephone office.
KYEBURN DIGGINGS, Otago. 106 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Kokonga (Otago Central railway), thence 12 miles (fare, single 10s) by coach; or rail to Ranfurly. thence coach to Naseby (2s 6d single), thence hired trap (15s), or by mail car every Saturday, on arrival of the Dunedin mail at Naseby. There is a hotel, dredge, and about 30 miners here. Nearest telephone office Naseby, 12 m. where doctor is. Fishing and shooting. Kyeburn River is formed by junction of Kyeburn Creek—on which Kyeburn Diggings is situated—and the Little Kyeburn Creek. The river and its tributary were at first called "Cows Creeks" by the shepherds, from the herds of cattle grazing here; afterwards named by Chief Surveyor thus : Kye, cattle ; and burn, creek. Named from the gold diggings on banks of Kyebnvn Creek. Known also as Upper Middle Kyeburn. Post office.
KYLE, Canterbury. A farming settlement. 53 miles south from Christchurch. Rail to Rakaia, thence by mail cart 14 miles. Good roads. No store, hotel, or other accommodation here. Name given by Mr John Lambie. pioneer settler, after his birthplace in Ayrshire Scotland famous as the birthplace of the poet Burns—"There was a lad was born in Kyle." Post and telegraph office, with daily service. Telephone with Christ church, via Ashburton. Doctor at Rakaia, 14 m.