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Wises 1912 Directory to Every Place in New Zealand H


HAAST MOUNT (5206ft). Between Inangahua and Grey Rivers.
HAAST PASS. A pass through the Southern Alps, between Westland and Otago.
HAAST, Westland. On Haast River, near coast, 179 miles by two-monthly steamer from Hokitika, fare 50s. Grazing- Splendid scenery across Haast Pass from Lake Wanaka. Board accommodation 5s 6d a day. Fortnightly mail overland; post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Pembroke. 100 miles.
HACKTHORNE. A flag station 14 m from Ashburton by rail. Mayfield nearest post and telephone office, 7 m. Was named Hackthorne by Chas. J. Harper, but not known why.
HADFIELD, Wellington. A former railway siding 40 miles north from Wellington, on Main Trunk line. Waikanae, 3 m distant, is nearest post office, which see.
HAEHAKNUA. Bushy hills 25 m east of Rotorua.
HAKOTAINUI. Native settlement near Morrinsville.
HAGLEY PARK. A public park of 600 acres near Christchurch.
HAHEI, Mercury Bay.
HAHUNGA. Name of cave close to One Tree Hill, Auckland (which see). Contains bones of Maoris and possesses interest as a Maori sepulchre.
HAIRINI, Auckland. 104 miles south-west from Auckland City. By rail to Te Puhi, then 1 mile. Post and telephone office. Is better known as Rangiaohia, where Colonel Nixon was shot in the Maori War. One of the most historical districts in the North Island. Has a creamery. Plenty of shooting close at hand. Nearest doctor at Te Awamutu, 4 in.
HAKA HAKA, Blenheim. Telegraph office.
HAKANOA. A lake near Huntley.
HAKARU, Auckland. A kauri gum and dairying district, near Hakaru River, four miles from "coast and 78 miles north from Auckland. Bi-weekly steamer to Mangawai (Tuesday and Friday, returning Wednesday and Saturday), thence four miles by traps which meet steamer: steamer fare, 9s single. 14s return. Good pheasant shooting and fishing. One accommodation house, 14s to 20s per week. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Maungaturoto. 16 in.
HAKATARAMEA, Canterbury. On Waitaki River, 42 m north­west from Oamaru by rail. Agricultural and pastoral. Hare mid rabbit shooting. Trout fishing in Hakateramea and Waitaki. Fair roads. One hotel. Salmon hatchery three-quarters of a mile from town­ship. Post and telephone office; one store.
HAKATERE. Sheep station and telegraph office, near Ashburton Gorge.
HAKU, Auckland. 151 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Te Kuiti, coach to Piopio 15 miles (5s), then horse 13 miles.
HALCOMBE, Wellington. Eight miles from coast and four miles from Rangitikei River; 107 miles north-west by rail from Wel­lington and 44 from Wanganui. Bricks, timber, wool, and grain. Shooting in neighbourhood. One hotel, and private board. 20s. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Population 500. Nearest doctor at Feilding, 8 miles. Named after A. F. Halcombe, who, in 1871, was immigration agent for North Island.
HALDANE, Southland. A farming district 49 miles south-east from Invercargill. Rail to Waimahaka Flat, thence coach bi-weekly. 23 miles. No board accommodation here unless with surrounding farmers. Nearest telephone office, Slope Point. 2 m. Place named by Surveyor Hodgkinson, after the Haldane family who had a run here in the early-days. Nearest doctor, Wyndham. 40 miles.
HALF MOON BAY, Stewart Island. This picturesque settlement of Stewart Island is reached by a steamer which leaves the Bluff, weather permitting, every Wednesday on arrival of the 9.5 a.m. train from Invercargill (fare 7s 6d return). In the summer months the steamer leaves every Wed and Sat (5s return). The steamer returns same day after two or three hours' wait at the bay, and meets train to Invercargill. The chief occupation is sea fishing in the straits, and it is from this source mainly that the supply of blue cod for the Melbourne and Sydney markets comes. There is also plenty of fishing inside the bay itself, which is well sheltered from all kinds of weather. There are three well-appointed boarding establishments here, each with accommodation for about 30 persons. Rates, 20s to 30s per week.
There are many beautiful walks extending along the various bays and into the dense native bush, and the Government has recently spent much money in improving and keeping the roads and tracks in good order. For a holiday Stewart Island presents all the pleasures of the bush with the comforts of civilisation. Wild pigeons and kakas are plentiful in the season, and here may be seen the almost extinct native birds of various kinds. The climate here is invariably mild and equable, accounted for by some owing to a warm sea stream that washes its shores. The island is a prohibition district, no licenses being granted there. Post and money order office connected with the mainland by telephone. Has a fine Athenaeum Hall, public library and reading room, three churches (Presbyterian, Anglican, and undenominational one), public school with about 40 children.
Paterson's Inlet is a half-mile away, to which refer. Horseshoe Bay-is one mile off.
Half Moon Bay was originally called Horse Shoe Bay from its shape, and another bay about half a mile north of it was called Half Moon Bay, its beach being a mile long, curving like a half moon. By a mistake the first surveyor reversed the names on his map, and so they have remained. .
HALF MOON BAY. North of Kaikoura, Blenheim.
HALF OUNCE. Mining township near Grey-month, of which Granville is the post office, which see.
HALFWAY BAY. Between Kingston and Queenstown.
HALFWAY BUSH, Otago. Lying to the west of Dunedin, is in the Borough of Roslyn, and within two miles of the General Post Office, Dunedin. It is reached by cable car. which leaves the Octagon every 15 minutes for Kaikorai Valley (4d return), thence 10 minutes' walk. In the early days the only outlet from Dunedin either to the north or south was through Halfway Bush, this being halfway from Dunedin to where the road branched off. The waggons used to load up in Dunedin, come as far as Halfway Bush, and camp there for the night. Hence the name. A number of the first settlers took up land here, and a school was established in 1857, one of the first out of Dunedin. The new sub-station in connection with the electric power for Dunedin is erected here. Post and telephone office.
HALFWAY BUSH. Another name for Dacre.
HALFWAY ROCKS, Foveaux Strait.
HALKETT TOWN, Canterbury. A farming settlement 18 miles West from Christchurch and 4 miles from Aylesbury railway station. No stores or boarding accommodation here. On right bank of Waimakariri River. Named after Captain Peter A. Halkett, who presented the site for a school. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Darfield, 12 miles.
HALL FARM. Settlement near Ballance.
HALL'S CREEK. 2 m south of Canvastown.
HALLSBOROUGH. Suburb of Invercargill.
HALSWELL, Canterbury. A farming district on Halswell River, 6 miles from Christchurch by Sunnyside trams and coach daily (6d). 9 a.m., 1, and 4 p.m. daily, and on Saturdays 9 a.m.. 1 p.m., 3.30 p.m.. and 7 p.m. Stone quarry; also Rhodes's Convalescent Home. Plenty of shooting in vicinity. One hotel, no private board. Good roads for miles. Post, telephone, and money order office. Nearest doctor 3 ½ miles on Lincoln road, Addington.
HALSWELL POINT. Northern extreme of the peninsula on western shore of entrance to Wellington Harbour.
HAMAURANA. On the N.W. shore of Rotorua—a picturesque place of resort, and one of the most attractive sights in that district. (See Rotorua.) Daily ferry service at 10 a.m. from Rotorua to here, where there are beautiful cold water springs.
HAMILTON, Auckland. A thriving borough situated on both sides of Waikato River and the centre of a large agricultural district, 86 miles south by rail from Auckland ; in Waikato and Waipa Counties. A coach as well as train service connects with Cambridge 13 miles distant daily—fare, 3s single, 5s return. A coach service is run between here and Frankton Junction (on Main Trunk line), meeting all trains. There is a public library and two daily newspapers (Waikato Times and Waikato Argus). Bank N.Z., Bank of Australasia, and Union Rank of Australia ; water and gas works, hospital, State and private schools. Several hotels; several boarding houses from 20s to 30s weekly. Post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and Government offices. Popu­lation 3600. Half holiday held on Wednesday. Hamilton and Hamil­ton East (or Kirikiriroa) are connected by a new bridge. Shooting and fishing close at hand. Sash and door, bacon-curing, and butter factories, and soap works. Most of business premises lit with elec­tricity. Coach daily to and from Raglan, 46 miles. Hamilton was named after Colonel Hamilton, of the 12th Regiment. The town is connected by telephone with Auckland. There are three doctors and hospital (doctor resident). Was laid out at the close of the Maori wars as a residential site for soldiers of the British army who were granted sections for settlement. The town has made rapid strides in the last few years, and town sections have much increased in value.
HAMILTON BURN. See Mossburn.
HAMILTON COVE. In Waitata Bay, Pelorus Sound.
HAMILTON EAST. See Kirikiriroa.
HAMILTON MOUNT. 16 m north of Warkworth.
HAMILTON MOUNT (5000ft). North end of Takatimo Range. 12 m from Mossburn.
HAMILTON SOUTH, Otago. 84 miles N.W. from Dunedin. Rail to Waipiata, thence by mail conveyance bi-weekly (Tuesday and Friday), five miles; fare 2s 6d. Mining, sluicing and sheepfarming. Good roads. No board. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Waipiata, 5 miles.
HAMILTON'S BAY. Below Deborah Bay, Port Chalmers. Named by C. J. Kettle, surveyor, after a Rev. J. V. Hamilton, a friend in Kent. England.
HAMPDEN, Hawke's Bay. Now called Tikokino, which see.
HAMPDEN, Nelson. The old name for Murchison, which see.
HAMPDEN, Otago. A pleasant summer resort 57 miles north from Dunedin and 22 miles south from Oamaru on main line of railway; near the sea. There are five boarding houses and one private hotel in township. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Half holiday held here on Wednesday. Excellent cycling on main road. Splendid beach. Good trout fishing and shooting. Moeraki four miles off by good road or the sea beach. Population 365. Named after John Hampden, of Charles I reign, by District Surveyor Mantel! about 1861. Nearest doctor at Herbert. 8 in (telephone).
HAMPSTEAD. On the banks of the Ashburton River, one mile from Ashburton; rail from Christchurch. Good trout fishing. Roads go >d; shooting. Postal delivery from Ashburton twice daily. Telegraph and doctor at Ashburton. Named by Frank Mayo after Hampstead, England. Is a town district.
HAMUA, Wellington. A dairy-fanning settlement 96 m north from Wellington by rail to Hukanui Station; 7 miles from Eketahuna. Good cycle roads. Newman 5 miles off. Post and telephone office, creamery, and store. Named after a Maori who ruled over the dis­trict.
HANGAROA. A settlement four miles from Waerengaokuri, which sec; and 23 in west from Gisborne; coach and packhorse takes mails weekly. Sheep farming district. Telephone office. Nearest doctor at Gisborne. Name means "Longmade."
HANGAROA LOWER. 29 m south-west from Gisborne. Post office with weekly service. Nearest telegraph at Hangaroa, 7 m. Roads good in summer; eel fishing and duck shooting. Sheep farming. See Hangaroa.
HANGATIKI. 120 miles from Auckland by rail. Post and telephone office. Name means " hanga" to make, and " tiki" an image. Good trout fishing and duck shooting. Tourists alight here for the Waitomo Caves. Saddle horses and buggies obtainable, also good accommodation.
HANGMAN'S GULLY. Between Dunedin and Waitati.
HANMER HOT SPRINGS TOWNSHIP is 93 miles N. of Christchurch by rail and driving road. It lies on an elevated tussock-covered plain, bounded on the north and west by the outlying moun­tain spurs of the northern end of the Southern Alps, ranging in height from 3000ft to 6000ft. The first mention of the Springs in print ap­peared in the Lyttelton Times of April 20. 1859. The district is a pastoral one: the principal industry of the surrounding is sheep-farm­ing. Many Canterbury people and travellers from other parts visit Hanmer for the sake of its pleasant hot springs and its invigorating mountain air. The altitude of Hanmer Plains is 1218ft above sea-level : the sea (East Coast) is about 30 miles off. Numerous snow-fed streams flow from the mountains, and there is good trout fishing in several of these rivers. There is also wild duck, hare, and rabbit shooting in the district.
Hanmer township and Hot Springs, are reached daily in about seven hours from Christchurch. The first portion of the route is by rail to Culverden, 69 miles, then by motor car 24 miles. The motor car service is conducted by the Railway Department. Return excursion tickets for the through journey by rail and motor car to Hanmer Plains, available for return for three months, are issued daily through­out the year from Invercargill, Dunedin, Oamaru, Timaru, and Christ-church. Return through fare by rail (first class) and motor car :—From Christchurch and Papanui, £1 6s; from Dunedin, £3 10s; from
Invercargill, £5. Post, telegraph, and money order office at Hanmer. Government Sanatorium and several accommodation houses. Licensed hotel at Jollie's Pass, 2 ½ miles from the township. There is a Govern­ment nursery and a Government plantation here.
Hanmer is the principal mineral water resort in the South Island. The Hot Springs are situated on Government property, and the Department of Tourist and Health Resorts controls the Sanatorium and bath buildings, which are comfortable and well-equipped. The baths are open all the year round. The Government Sanatorium is under the charge of a resident medical officer, assisted by a staff of trained nurse’s and from November to April, massage operators. The bath buildings are a few yards away from the Sana­torium, and are situated in well-planted garden grounds. The thermal waters are saline in nature, with a faintly alkaline reaction; the principal ingredient is sodium-chloride. The temperature of the hot-spring varies from about 100 deg to 118 deg Fahr., and the hot water is accompanied by the fairly copious evolution of carburetted hydrogen gas, the excess of which by an ingenious device is collected and utilised for the lighting and heating of the Spa. Dr Wohlmann, the Government balneologist, writes of the Hanmer Springs:—" The waters closely resemble the alkaline sulphuretted waters of Rotorua of the 'Rachel' type, but contain much less silica. While they thereby lose something of the bland silky properties of the bathing waters of Rotorua, they arc distinctly better for internal administration, and indeed approximate more closely to some of the most celebrated European waters of their type."
The principal bath buildings are the large swimming pools, fed by springs rising through the floor and kept at a temperature of about 97deg Fahr; a building containing the private baths, some 22 in number, of the ordinary shallow immersion type; massage rooms, open Nov. to April only; inhalation room and vapour bath, and cold-water swimming bath ; besides a "pump room" where the waters are obtained for drinking. The baths and drinking waters are useful in cases of gout, rheumatism, sciatica, lumbago, certain forms of neuralgia and mild neuritis, general debility, nervous exhaustion, in somnia. dyspepsia, certain skin diseases, etc. There are tennis, bowl ins;, and croquet lawns in the Sanatorium grounds.
HANNATON VILLAGE. See Studholme Junction.
HAPARANGI. Steep, barren mountain. 9 m south of Rotorua.
HAPE CREEK. See Thames.
HAPE-0-TOROA. A hill overlooking Rotomahana crater.
HAPPY VALLEY. Canterbury See Motnnau.
HAPPY VALLEY, Nelson. See Wakapuaka
HAPPY VALLEY, Southland. See Waikaia.
HAPPY VALLEY, Wellington. Reached by Brooklyn car from Wellington City, thence road.
HAPPY VALLEY PEAKS, 1700ft. 1 ½ m from Sinclair Head, Cook Straits.
HAPUAKOHE. Near Wairangi.
HAPUAWHENUA. The name of the longest viaduct on the Main Trunk (Auckland to Wellington) line of railway.
HAPUKU, Marlborough. Situated on the coast about half a mile from Hapuku River. 88 m south by coach tri-weekly from Blenheim. Meaning of Hapuku—a fish. The coach from Blenheim passes hero Mondays. Wednesdays, and Fridays, and from Kaikoura Tuesdays. Thursdays, and Saturdays. The scenery is very beautiful. Sawmilling and sheep farming are the chief industries. Roads good for cycling. Good fishing a few miles up the coast. One accommoda­tion house. In Huranui County. Post and telephone. Nearest doctor at Kaikoura. 6 m.
HARAKEKEROA. A portion of Ohinemutu, Rotoma.
HARAPEPE, Auckland. Three miles from Waipa River and 16 miles from Te Awamutu, close to the base of Mount Pirongia. No township or coaches. Agriculture and a creamery. Pheasant, pigeon, and quail shooting fair, but no fishing. In Raglan County. A steamer runs on the Waipa River once a week from Ngaruawahia. Is 100 miles from Auckland. Rail to Te Awamutu, then coach 15 miles. Nearest post and telegraph office, Pirongia, 6 miles. Nearest doctor at Te Awamutu.
HARATAONGA RIVER. Great Barrier Island.
HARAUTAUNGA, Kennedy's Bay.
HARBEN, Nelson. Now called Wahnangaroa Junction, which see.
HARCOURT'S FERRY. The name for the upper crossing of the Arahura (which see), the lower crossing being four miles down the river. Nearest post office Humphreys. In the early days people of the name of Harcourt used to keep an hotel here, and as there was no bridge over the river in those days, the Harcourt’s used to ferry people over; hence (he name.
HARDANGER'S PEAK (3990ft). west of Collingwood.
HARDING MOUNT. Sheep station, near Methven.
HARDING POINT. Pelorus Sound.
HAREWOOD, Southland, near Clifton.
HAREWOOD. Suburban postal and telegraphic district in Christ-church.
HARIHARI. Settlement on west coast of Auckland, south of Kawhia Harbour.
HARMAN MOUNT. A peak in Southern Alps. Selwyn County.
HARPER MOUNT (6075ft), in Ashburton County.
HARPER RIVER. Tributary of Rakaia River. Canterbury.
HARRIET KING. A bluff near Port Charles, and scene of wreck of vessel of that name.
HARRINGTON POINT, Port Chalmers. Named after secretary of New Zealand Company.
HARRINCTON'S, Southland. A farming settlement 30 miles north by rail from Invercargill, on Oreti River. One hotel and one flax mill. No store here. Excellent fishing and shooting in vicinity. The prize "model farm" of Southland is near here. Nearest tele­graph at Centre Bush, 3 m. Nearest doctor at Winton, 9 m. Named after Harrington, a farm manager.
HARRIS LAKE. 7 m from Kinloch.
HARRIS MOUNT, Waihao Forks.
HARRISVILLE. See Buckland.
HARTLEY. Coal mine, near Whitecliffs and South Malvern.
HASTINGS, Hawke's Bay. A borough town 12 miles by rail from Napier; seven miles from the coast and two miles from Ngaruroro. is the centre of a rich agricultural, pastoral, fruit, and hop growing district. There are two freezing works (one being at Tomoana). and two fruit drying and preserving works, butter factory, brewery, etc. The town is well lit with gas, has a theatre, and a good water supply: and is the distributing centre for several inland districts; roads branching off in various directions. Population about 6700. (good cycling roads. Private boarding is obtainable, and there are six hotels. Was known in the olden days as Heretaunga. Under " The Town Districts' Act of 1881 " Hastings was, about 1883, formed into a town district, but population increasing, it was afterwards (about 1886) created into a borough town. It has now 17 miles of formed streets; rateable property to the annual value of £61,559, with a rate of 2s 8d. The Frimley Canning Factory has growing about 90 mile rows of peach trees, as well as other fruits: exporting about 20 tons fruit daily. Three banks, daily evening and weekly papers, private clubs, public library, and the Hawke's Bay Agricultural and Pastoral Association holds its shows here annually in April and October; there is also here the secretary of the Hawke's Bay Acclimatisation Society: and the Hawke's Bay Jockey Club holds its meetings here. "Buses run to Havelock frequently (fare 6d), and coaches to Maraekakapo daily. Was named after Warren Hastings, in keeping with several of the older places in Hawke's Bay named after Indian celebrities or places. Named by Thos. Tanner, who owned the greater part of the plain. Post, telegraph, and money order and savings bank, and telephone exchange. Half holiday Wednesday.
HASTINGS, Auckland. The old name for Tapu, which see.
HASTWELLS, Wellington. A farming settlement with store and post office ; 90 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Mangamahoe thence three miles. Is on the Koparanga River, in which trout and eels are abundant. Shooting—wild pigeons, ducks, and pheasants. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Nearest doctor. Eketahuna, 9 miles.
HATAITAI. See Wellington. Between what is now Wellington Harbour and the coast. A Maori legend is that Maoris left here for Blind Bay, Nelson, where they became an independent tribe.
HATEPE. Is the half-way halting place for coaches to and from Tokaanu and Taupo. to which refer. Good trout fishing.
HATER POINT. Southerly point of Maud Island, Blenheim.
HATFIELD. See Rakaia. A flag station three miles from Rakaia, which is the postal office.
HATLESS MOUNT, Southern Alps.
HATTER'S TERRACE. Mining township, near Greymouth. And name by which Nelson Creek is known.
HATUMA, Hawke's Bay. Five miles by rail from Waipu-kui-au, and 4b miles south from Napier. Waipukurau County. Post, telephone, and money order office. Farming settlement, cut up by Government and placed on the market on April 25, 1901. The area purchased was 26,522 acres. Maharakeke Stream, which runs through a portion, is well stocked with trout. Good shooting about two miles. Nearest doctor Waipukurau.
HAUGHTON BAY. On shores of Cook Strait.
HAU HAU. See Ho Ho, Hokitika.
HAUITI, Auckland. A sheep station district 36 miles north by roach Monday and Thursday from Gisborne (12s 6d). The postal office for 37 sheep stations, with store. Nearest doctor at Tolaga, ½ mile. Hauiti is the name of an ancestor of the Native tribe here.
HAUMIA HILL. Near Kaipara Heads.
HAUNUI, Wellington. A bush district, 130 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Eketahuna, thence coach via Alfredton, 24 miles. " Haunui " means " high winds." Trout fishing and good pigeon shooting. Post and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Eketa­huna.
HAURAKI GULF. On which Auckland is situated.
HAUPIRI LAKE. Drains into Kopara River.
HAUPIRI. Settlement at junction of Ahaura and Kopara Rivers.
HAURANGI RANGES. On E. Coast of Wellington, terminat­ing at Cape Palliser.
HAURAU. Native settlement near Maioro.
HAUROTO LAKE. 18 m from Papatotara.
HAUTAPU. Survey district, Kiwitea County, Wellington.
HAUTAPU, Auckland. A railway siding and farm settlement on the Frankton-Cambridge railway ; three miles from Cambridge ; in the Waikato district. Telephone connection with Cambridge, where doctor is. Post office.
HAUTAU. Maori settlement between Rangiahua and Umawera.
HAUTERE CROSS, Wellington. 46 miles from Wellington. Rail to Te Horo, thence 3 miles. On Otaki River. The gorge up the river is visited by tourists and picnic parties. Sawmilling and farm­ing. Nearest doctor at Otaki, 5$ miles. Post, telegraph, and telephone office.
HAUTREY BAY. On E. shores of Wellington Harbour.
HAUTURU, Auckland. 152 miles west from Auckland City. Steamer to Kawhia, then by steam launch 12 miles. Native game and pheasant reserve. Good trout fishing. Also called Little Barrier. Post and telephone office. Before the telephone office opened was known as Te Awaroa, which means " long or winding river." Is near to the river of that name. Nearest doctor at Kawhia.
HAUWAI. 21 miles from Blenheim by rail.
HAVELOCK RIVER. Tributary of Rangitata River, Ashburton County.
HAVELOCK. Marlborough. Situated at the bead of Pelorus Sound and one mile from month of Pelorus River, and the headquarters of the timber trade for Marlborough: is 28 miles north-west from Blen­heim and 50 miles from Nelson. Blenheim-Nelson coach passes from Blenheim Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, leaving Blenheim 7 a.m. and returns Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, leaving Nelson 7 a.m. Fares, to Blenheim. 7s 6d single, return, 12s fed; to Nelson, 20s single, return, 30s. Coach leaves here for Grove Wednesday and Saturday. For scenery the Pelorus Sound is unsurpassed, and connected as it is by direct weekly steamers from Wellington, and tri-weekly steamers via Picton and Grove, it should be far more visited than it" is. At present numbers of tourists and others pass through and see only the lesser beauties of the district; 10s a day is the post of visiting and exploring Sound. There is a bi-weekly newspaper—Guardian—post, telegraph, money order, and Government offices. Three good hotels and two boarding houses. Popula­tion about 400. Good sea fishing in Sound and trout in rivers and streams. Plenty of pigeons near township, and deer a mile or two away. There is also a daily coach to and from Blenheim, and a bi­weekly one to and from Picton. Half holiday Thursday. Resident doctor. Named after General Havelock.
HAVELOCK NORTH, Hawke's Bay. 14 miles south from Napier. Rail or coach to Hastings, thence bus five times daily each way (three miles) ; fare, 6d. Situated on small river about six miles from coast. One of the healthiest townships in Hawke's Bay. Good drainage and an abundance of water from artesian and limestone springs ; district well adapted for fruit-growing—especially grapes. Wool, mutton, cattle, and fruit-growing chief support of district ; potteries, brick making, wool scouring works, nurseries, and butter factory in township. The roads are very good and level for miles. Nearest hotel accommodation Havelock, but board accommodation may be obtained from 20s to 30s per week. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Nearest doctor at Hastings.
HAVELOCK SUBURBAN, Marine-rough. A cattle and sheep district 22 miles north-west by daily coach from Blenheim, and 5 miles from Havelock. Fares—From Blenheim, 6s (10s return): from Have-lock, Is 6d. In Sounds County. Situated on the Kaituna River banks, along which quail are fairly numerous. .Hares plentiful; deer stalking. Post and telephone office.
HAVELOCK, Otago. See Waitahuna.
HAWAI. See Opotiki.

HAWAINGA. 74 miles north-east from Wanganui and nine from Ohingaiti. Rail to Mangaweka. then horse. On the Rangitikei River.
HAWARDEN, Canterbury. A railway siding and sheep-farming settlement, on Christchurch-Culverden line ; 54 miles north from Christchurch. Store and post and telephone office here. Was originally called Gladstone, but for postal reasons was altered to Hawarden. after Gladstone's Hawarden Castle (England). Nearest doctor at Waikari. 4 miles. Stock sales held fortnightly.
HAWEA FLAT. Otago. 185 miles north-west from Dunedin; in Vincent County. Rail to Clyde. Coach to Cromwell daily, thence-coach Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, 29 miles. Near Lakes Wanaka and Hawea, and a few miles from Pembroke. Farming and grazing settlement. Duck shooting plentiful, and deer stalking in vicinity. Good trout fishing. May be reached from Queenstown by coach, 60 miles. Tuesday and Saturday. Post, telephone, and money order office and savings bank. Pigeon shooting good. One hotel. Nearest doctor. Pembroke. 9 miles.
HAWERA. Maori pa near Hamua.
HAWERA MOUNT, Paparoa Range: 3480ft.
HAWERA, Taranaki. A borough town situated 60 miles north-west by rail from Wanganui and 45 miles from New Plymouth : three miles inland from the Taranaki Bight, Patea being the port for it. The > site of it is on the rich flat land between Wanganui and New Plymouth. The district around from which the town derives its prosperity is a dairying and farming one and well worked. The borough is lit' with electric light, has a population of 2684 according to last census, and the annual value of the rateable property is £160,000 unimproved value. It has a co-operative cheese and butter factory, flourmills, two woodware factories, sawmills, hospital, three banks, two newspapers (one daily and one weekly), library, an agri­cultural and pastoral association, and an acclimatisation society. It is a well built town, with wide streets ; is likely to have a good business future before it. and it has many fine private residences. The roads are level and very good for cycling, and there is private boarding obtainable besides good hotels. Stock sales are held every Thursday, and the half-holiday is held on Wednesday. Good trout fishing. Principal starting place for Mount Egmont weekly conveyance. Resi­dent doctors. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
HAW HAW. See Ho Ho.
HAWKE'S BAY DISTRICT comprises that portion of the east coast of the North Island from Cape Turnagain northwards to Lottin Point, about 30 miles beyond the East Cape.
It has a seaboard of 300 miles, with an average depth from the coast of 45 miles, and embraces an area of 6,063,000 acres. Its western limit is defined by the Ruahine, Kaweka, Ahimanawa, Raukumara. and other high ranges that form the watershed between the rivers flowing through it to the sea and those that run to the west coast and the Bay of Plenty.
The mountains are: —The Ruahine Range extending northwards for about 60 miles from the Manawatu Gorge to the Ngaruroro River ; the height varies from 3000ft to 6000ft. and for a considerable distance to summit is snow-clad during the winter months.
The Kaweka Range attains an altitude of 5,650ft, very rugged and steep, and a prominent feature in the landscape in winter, covered as it then is with snow.
Northwards from the Kaweka there are forest-clad ranges stretching in the direction of the East Cape. Hikurangi, the highest point, is a bold peak, with an elevation of 5606ft, rising so abruptly on all sides that the ascent can be made only at one point, and that with difficulty.
The only laek in the district of any extent is Waikaremoana, but it is famous for its magnificent scenery. It lies about 35 miles inland from Wairoa, and is 11 miles in length, with a breadth at the widest of about eight miles. Nestled among precipitous mountain ranges, wooded to the water's edge, with numerous bays and inlets, it has a natural beauty hardly to be surpassed. From Wairoa to the lake there is a formed road right through. Coaches leave on Thursday at 7 a.m. : fares, 20s single, and 35s return. See Wairoa.
The principal plains are: —The Ruataniwha, 50 miles south of Napier. This is 120 square miles in extent, occupied as sheep runs. The Heretaunga Plain, with an area of 90 square miles, lying immediately to the south of Napier. This is rich alluvial land; a large portion is closely settled, the remainder utilised for-grazing and agriculture. The only other plain of any extent is at Poverty Bay. It has an area of 65 square miles, is very fertile, well cultivated, and bears a large popu­lation.
The district throughout is well watered by numerous rivers and streams, but only the Wairoa and Turanganui are navigable for vessels of light draught. These are both tidal, and form the Wairoa and Gisborne ports.
The main outlets from Napier are, the railway, which traverses the centre of the southern part of the district for 100 miles, an excellent road, made before the railway, and branch roads make a complete system of communication. Another main road runs to Kuripapanga, 45 miles, a favourite resort in the summer time. A coach runs from Napier to there and on to Inland Patea, where the Napier road meets the roads to Taihape, Taupo, and the Wanganui River.
The main road northwards from Napier is the coach route to Taupo, which, soon after leaving the fertile Petane Valley, begins to traverse poor country, and 25 miles out enters the light pumice soil.
From Wairoa a main road runs northwards, through the village of Tiniroto and on to Gisborne, a distance of 75 miles. For a considerable distance it runs through hilly country, and, as it has not been gravelled, traffic is suspended during the winter months, but a coach runs weekly for nine or ten months out of the year.
Between Gisborne and Opotiki, in the Bay of Plenty, communication is not good. The road, which is 120 miles in .length, has been formed only to the edge of the Motu Forest, a distance of 50 miles. The rest of the journey must be done on horseback. In the country north of Gisborne formed roads for wheeled traffic are few in number, and not continuous, but small steamers trade regularly along the coast, calling in at Waipiro, Tuparoa and Awanui, Kawakawa, and other small bays.
The Hawke's Bay district is pre-eminently a sheep-grazing country. The value of the wool exported annually is very great and increasing (see Wool). Many freezing works have been established, and the export of frozen meat from the port of Napier is now very large, and this industry gives employment to a large number of persons.
Settlers are now going in more for dairying, and factories have been established in various districts.
agkicttlture is not as largely carried on as it might be with so much land suitable for root and grain crops, and it is chiefly confined to the Heretaunga Plains and the lands near Gisborne. Only a moderate quan­tity of grain is sown ; barley averages from 20 to 60 bushels to the acre.
Wine making has become an important industry at Greenmeadows and Havelock. There is also a large fruit farm at Frimley, near Hastings.
The timber industry is extensive, numerous sawmills being in full swing in different parts of the district. 3,805,164ft of timber was exported last year, the total value being £19,025. Sawmills have also been established at Pohui and Puketitiri, in which districts there are large areas of valuable forest.
The climate is generally mild, and, though hot along the coast lands in the height of summer, it is a dry atmosphere. The rainfall is light, excepting in the bush districts.
Some of the industries carried on in the principal towns are fellmongeries, soap works, boot, coach, sash and door, rope and twine, and woollen factories. There is also meat freezing works and fruit canning factories on a large scale.
The chief towns are: Napier, the capital of Hawke's Bay district; Gisborne, in the Poverty Bay division ; Clyde or Wairoa; and on the railway line are Hastings, Waipawa, Waipukurau, Dannevirke, and Woodville.
Of the native lands in this district, a very considerable portion has been leased to Europeans, but there still remains in the hands of the Maoris a valuable estate, comprising both agricultural and pastoral country, and including some 800.000 acres of excellent land that has not yet come before the Native Land Court for investigation of title. This land lies for the most part in the Waiapu County, in the direction of the East Cape.
HAWKESBURY. 10 m south-west of Blenheim. A sheep run.
HAWKES CRAIG. Precipice on Buller road.
HAWKESWOOD, Marlborough. 107 miles north from Christchurch. Rail to Culverden, then coach 38 miles. Is between Waiau and Conway Rivers, the former two and the latter five miles off. 12 miles from the Amuri Bluff. Good trout fishing in the above rivers.
HAWKINS. See Darfield. Three miles by rail from Darfield, which is the postal office.
HAW KIN'S. River and district near Whitecliffs.
HAWKSBURY WEST. See Waikouati.
HAWTHORN. See Clifton.
HAWTHORNDALE. 3 in from Invercargill.
HAWTREY SETTLEMENT. Is situated about 12 chains from the railway station at Johnsonville, 6 miles from Wellington, and adjoins the northern boundary of the town.
HA YES TERRACE. Mining locality near Westbrook.
HAYES' LAKE. See Lower Shotover.
HAYDON DOWNS. See Woodgrove.
HAYLANDS. Near Cust.
HAYTOR PEAK (2010ft). Near Pigeon Bay.
HAYWARDS. See Hutt Upper. Five miles by rail from Upper Hutt. Post office. Nearest telephone office Silverstream, two miles. Is about 20 chains from Hutt River, and was named after ;in early settler. Dairy farming. Nearest doctor at Upper Hutt. 5 miles.
HAYWARD'S POINT, Otago. 14 miles north-east from Dunedin. Rail to Mihiwaka, then 2 miles. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Port Chalmers, 4 miles.
HAZELBURN, Timaru. A telephone office.
HAZLETT'S. Otago. A railway siding 9 in from Riverton. On the Riverton-Nightcaps line. Gropers Bush is nearest post office, which see.
HEAL MOUNT. In South Puketoi Range.
HEALEY'S CREEK. Tributary of Grey River.
HEALEY'S GULLY, near Blackball.
HEATHCOTE VALLEY. A residential suburb of Christchurch. On the Lyttelton railway line. Five miles distant. Post and tele­graph office. See Christchurch. On Heathcote River.
HEATHSTOCK. See Woodgrove.
HEATHSTOCK, near Waikari.
HEAWA, Auckland. 96 miles from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, then steamer. Situated on the bank of north Wairoa River six miles from West Coast by road. Fair shooting, boating, and fishing. Name means "small river," or "large creek."
HECTOR. Is on the Ngakawau River. (See Ngakawau.)
HECTOR MOUNT. Terminates in Remarkables south-east Lake Wakatipu.
HEDDON BUSH, Southland. An agricultural district three miles from Aparima River and 34 miles north from Invercargill. Rail to Winton, thence 13 miles mail coach—Monday, Wednesday, and Friday—9 a.m., returning 2.30 p.m. ; return fare. 6s. flood trout fishing, but no accommodation nearer than Drummond, six miles away. Roads good for cycling, summer only. Telephone connection with Drummond and Winton. Hares plentiful. Doctor at Winton.
HEDCEHOPE, Southland. Farming village, 32 miles north from Invercargill by rail, and 14 miles from Woodlands by road. Pigeon and duck shooting, and trout and eel fishing in river. Pigeons in great flocks sometimes. Four sawmills, 2 flaxmills, and cheese factory. Is 20 m by good gravelly level road from Invercargill. Hokonui Ranges bound the locality. Country rich in undeveloped minerals, good specimens of gold, coal, and pottery clay being found in locality. Principal exports are grain, wood (kowhai posts), flax, and fibre. Nearest doctor about 13 miles. Post and telegraph office.
HEKEIA, Southland. 29 miles west from Invercargill by rail (Longwood Station), and 3 miles from Riverton. Post and telephone.
HELENA BAY, Auckland. A small but flourishing settlement fronting the bay from which it takes its name. Situated 130 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, rail to Whakapara, thence 12 miles; also by steamer direct from Auckland, monthly. The chief products are cattle, sheep, wines, citrus fruits, timber and kauri gum. Sea fishing for various kinds close at hand. Good shooting—pheasants, pigeons, teal, wild pigs, etc. Nearest telegraph office, Opuawhanga. 10 miles. Streams stocked with rainbow trout. Nearest doctor at Hikurangi, 16 miles.
HELENSVILLE, Auckland. An important centre, on Kaipara Harbour, West Coast ; 38 miles north by rail from Auckland; in Waitemata County. Population. 656. Is the starting point for river steamers running to all places in the Otanmtea and Hobson Counties. It used to be one of the main centres for sawmilling and for the export of bulk timber by sailing vessels to other colonies. One sawmill. Three hotels, two boarding houses, and several stores in township. Cycling roads in neighbourhood are very fair. Good pheasant and pigeon shooting near by. Hot springs, which have great curative properties, about one and a-half miles from here. Fine' new bathhouse recently built. Half holiday Thursday. Union Bank. Named after Mrs Helen McLeod, one of the pioneer settlers. Local doctor. Weekly newspaper. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
HELLYER'S CREEK. See Freeman's.
HELVELLYN MOUNT (5291ft). In North Canterbury.
HEMATITE STREAM. Tributary of Waiau-ua, Cheviot district.
HEMO. A gorge near Rotorua.
HEN & CHICKEN ISLANDS. Nine miles east from Whangarei Heads. Often visited for good fishing for hapuku and schnapper.
HEN BURN. Greenstone River, on south bank.
HENDERSON, Auckland. Near Waitemata. Harbour; o fruit and gum district, 13 miles south-west by rail from Auckland City, in Waitemata County. Good fresh and salt wafer fishing ; 30 minutes' walk. Roads fair for cycling. Has one hotel, also private boarding about .20s per week, public school, post and telegraph and money order office. Named after a landowner here who had 50,000 acres. Nearest doctor at Avondale, 6 miles. Is noted for its manufacture of New Zealand wine.
HENDE'S FERRY, Westland. Small settlement of runholders and farmers; 50 m south-west by coach from Hokitika, on the Main South road. Telephone office. Dairy factory. 2 stores. 2 sawmills, and boarding house. Nearest doctor Ross, 30 miles.
HENLEY, Otago. Dairy-farming village, 21 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin ; situated on Taieri River. Has dairy factory, store, and hotel. Steam launch to Taieri Mouth (which see) Saturdays and holidays, and also when required by parties of not less than 20. The return fare by train and steamer from Dunedin to Taieri Mouth is 3s 9d during summer months. There is a very good view to be had of the Taieri Plain from the hills at the back of the township, and the ascent is easy. Post and telephone office; cheese factory. Nearest doctor at Outran). 8 miles.
HENLEY WEST, Otago. 23 miles south from Dunedin and two from Henley. Bounded on one side by the Taieri River, and on the other by the Waipori Lake and Lee Creek. There is plenty of shooting and fishing in the locality—trout and perch, and ducks and swans. See Henley.
HENRIETTA BAY, Ruapuke Island. Named after the Elizabeth Henrietta, a gunboat which was wrecked here on February 25, 1824.
HENUI TE. See New Plymouth.
HENWOOD ROAD. A flag station five miles from New Ply­mouth by rail.
HERBERT, Otago. 14 miles south-west by rail from Oamaru; in Waitaki County; six miles from coast. Telephone and money order office. Farming district: dairy factory and creamery. Good roads. Wild pig and hare shooting. Temperance hotel, private board. The Glencoe Valley and Otepopo River mouth are of interest to visitors. Marble was recently discovered in the district. Resident doctor.
HERBERT MOUNT (3077ft). Near Lyttelton Harbour, and highest point of Banks Peninsula.
HERBERT TERRACE. 5 m north of Greymouth.
HERBERTVILLE, Hawke's Bay. On Wainui River, 89 miles south from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, then coach 50 miles (20s) on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, returning Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. A small supply settlement for the large sheep runs in the district. There is an hotel here. Roads are fair. Post, telegraph and money order office. Nearest doctor Ti Tree Point, 13 miles. Named after Joseph Herbert, the original owner of the site.
HERD'S POINT. Old name for Rawene ; named after Capt. Herd.
HEREKINO, Auckland. 234 miles north from Auckland, on Herekiua Harbour. Steamer to Mangonui (which see), then either coach to Kaitaia 31 miles, and thence by horse 22 miles (53 miles), or by steamer from Auckland to Awanui, and thence by horse, 26 miles, from Awanui. Native and imported game plentiful all over district, salt water fishing in abundance. Kauri timber plentiful, gum scattered over district. Has a subtropical climate, and all kinds of subtropical fruits grow here. Splendid alluvial land in patches, and large tracts of Crown land of best quality. Two stores and three good accommodation houses. Post and telephone office. Herekino means ''a bad tie," and the story is that on Captain Cook's visit the Natives captured a European and tied him up ready to devour him next day, but the knot gave way and he escaped. Nearest doctor at Kaitaia. 22 miles. An Austrian settlement here, where the wine-growing industry is successfully carried on.
HERETAUNGA. See Trentham.
HERINGA RIVER. Tributary of Pelorus River.
HERIOT, Otago. 76 miles from Invercargill and 104 miles from Dunedin. On the Waipahi-Edievale railway. Two stores, one hotel, private board may be arranged. Good farming and fruit growing district. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Good deer, duck, and rabbit shooting, and trout fishing in Pomahaka River and Swift Creek. Named after an early settler. Nearest doctor at Tapanui, 6 ½ m.
HERON LAKE. Source of Rakaia River and name of she«p station near Mount Somers and Ashburton Gorge.
HERSCHELL MOUNT. Between Ahaura and Grey Rivers.
HESLINGTON. See Belfast.
HERMITAGE. Is at foot of Mount Cook, where the finest scenery in the world may be seen from the door of hotel—a Government hostelry. 68 miles from Lake Pukaki, which also see. Post office.
HICKS BAY, Auckland. A picturesque bay, situated 116 miles north-west from Gisborne. Steamer to Te Araroa, thence eight miles. A native settlement; in Waiapu County. Steamer calls at Hick's Bay if necessary. Fish and game plentiful. Nearest telegraph Te Araroa, 8 miles; but private telephone connects with Hicks Bay. At the back of Hicks Bay (which is 1 ½ m long and same width), about 1 ½ m from beach there is a fine waterfall. Said to be named by Captain Cook in memory of Admiral Hicks. Matakaoa, name of sheep station near here, is. said to be the scene of a battle in the early days. Nearest doctor at Waipiro Bay, 47 m.
HIDDEN FALLS CREEK. East bank Hollyford River. Good waterfall.
HICHBANK, Canterbury. 54 miles south-west from Christ-church. Rail to Methven, then six miles by road. On the Rakaia River. Coach to Rakaia, 18 miles, daily (afternoon). Post and telephone office. Agricultural and pastoral district. One store. Nearest doctor at Methven.
HIGH BARE ROCK (2544ft). Near Lake Forsyth, Canterbury.
HIGHBURN CREEK North bank Greenstone River.
HIGH CLIFF, Otago. Situated on Otago Peninsula, six miles east from Dunedin. Dairying chief occupation. Bus leaves from opposite Union Bank. Dunedin. for Highcliff and Sandymount on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday at 3 p.m. (fare 1s). The drive to here by the Upper Portobello road is very fine on a good day. Post and telephone office. Named from precipitous cliffs facing the ocean. Nearest doctor at Dunedin.
HIGHFALLS CREEK. Hollyford River; three waterfalls.
HIGHAM. A mount in Huia district.
HIGHFIELD. Near Waiau, Canterbury.
HIGH PEAK. Near Whitecliffs (Titirangi).
HIHITAHI, Wellington. 100 miles north-east from Wanganui by rail. Wanganui County. Post and money, order office and savings bank.
HIKOEKOEA, Marlborough. 40 miles by Sounds steamer alternate weeks from Wellington and Pictun. Two sheep stations only here. Nearest telephone office, Wakatahnri, 10 miles.
HIKAPU BEACH. Pelorus Sound.
HIKO ISLET. South-east of Kapiti Island.
HIKUAI, Auckland. 109 miles south-east from Auckland. Steamer to Tairua, then 8 miles. Is at the head of the navigable part of Tairna River. 8 miles inland. Cold mining, timber, and gum. Post and telegraph office.
HIKURAKI. Bay on south side of Banks Peninsula.
HIKURANGI, Auckland. 110 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei, thence 14 miles by rail. A celebrated coal mining settlement; two coal mines in district, the chief being Hikurangi mine. One hotel, private board 20s. Roads good in summer. An isolated patch of limestone rocks here very picturesque. Three stores, three churches, school, post, telephone, and money order office, and police station. The coal here is valuable, being only 5 per cent, inferior to Newcastle. New South Wales. The coal output for one year from mines is 90,000 tons. Sawmill, butter factory, and limekiln. Local doctor. Is a town district.
HIKURANGI MOUNT (5606ft). Snow capped. 27 m south-west of East Cape, near Tuparoa. Waiapu County.
HIKUTAIA, Auckland. A farming settlement 16 miles south from Thames and six miles from Paeroa by rail. Two stores and one hotel. No private board. Fair cycling road. Post office and tele­phone. Name means " End of the tide." Nearest doctor at Paeroa.
HILLERSDEN. Sheep station 26 m, west of Blenheim.
HILDERTHORPE, Otago. Nine miles north by rail from Oamarii : in Waitaki County. Farm settlement. Post office and telephone. Nearest doctor at Oamaru.
HILLEND, Otago. 6£ miles from Lovell's Flat railway station and 49 miles south-west from Dunedin. Farm settlement. Telephone. It at Junction of Lovell's Flat, Waitahuna. Tuapeka. and Balclutha roads. Named by the surveyors from its position. Nearest doctor at Balclutha, 10 miles. Post and telegraph office.
HILLEND SOUTH. See South Hillend.
HILLES. See Kurow, the postal office, which is two miles off by rail.
HILL TOP (Little River). Telegraph office.
HILL VIEW, near Colyton.
HILLCROVE, Otago. The post office and settlement for Moeraki, which is one mile distant. A fishing village and favoured seaside resort 54 miles north from Dunedin ; on main line of rail. The principal fishing and fish exporting in Otago is done here. There are some 35 boats engaged in the fishing and others are building. There is a fine beach here famous for its curious-shaped boulders. Splendid camping ground near beach. There is a lighthouse, a store, and a boarding house—5s per day— at Hillgrove. Excellent cycling roads in vicinity. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Palmerston, about 12 miles.
HILLMOITOR. Suburb of Christchurch.
HILLSBOROUGH, Taranaki. 7 ½ miles northeast from New Plymouth. Rail to Bell Block, thence 4 miles. Nearest telegraph office. Bell Block.
HILLSBOROUGH. A suburb of Christchurch, which see.
HILL'S CREEK. See Blackstone Hill.
HILLS PEAK (5364ft). Near Arthur's Pass.
HILLS POINT CREEK, near Annandale.
HILL'S ROAD, Canterbury. A railway siding 29 miles south from Christchurch. On the Christchurch-Southbridge line. Leeston. two miles distant, is the nearest post office, which see.
HILTON, Canterbury. On Kakahu River, 22 miles north from Timaru. Rail to Temuka, thence coach 10 miles (2s and 3s re­turn), returning same day, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Trout fishing arid hare shooting at hand. Good roads. No board accommo­dation. There is good limestone and pipeclay in this district, but so far it has been found too expensive to work. Formerly known as Kakahu. Nearest doctor,- Geraldine, 6 miles. Post office and tele­phone : one store.
HIMATANGI, Wellington. 97 miles north-east from Wellington by rail; Manawatu County. Sheep and dairy farming. Name means " High wind." Telephone. Deer, duck,-and rabbit shooting. Nearest shooting. Nearest doctor at Foxton, 6 miles. Formerly called Carnar­von. It is the junction of the Sanson tram line, and is 4 miles from Bainesse.
HINAKURA, Wellington. 80 m north from Wellington. Rail to Featherston, coach to Martinborough, 11 miles (2s 6d), thence coach 17 miles (5s). No accommodation. Post, telephone, and money order office. On bank of Pahaoa River. Good trout fishing. Is in heart of red deer country, 12 miles from coast by good bridle track. Mails to coast stations —Glenhu, Pahaoa, and Glenburn—leave every Saturday, the latter station being about 20 miles. Has one store. Named after a Maori chieftainess. Nearest doctor at Martinborough, 17 miles.
HINAU. A flag station on the Midland line, eight miles from Reefton, and 4 m from Antonios Flat.
HINAU, Wellington. 136 miles from Wellington. Rail to Feilding. then coach 38 miles. By Otara Bridge, is now nine miles from Ohingaiti. Pemberton is two and a-half miles off. Nearest telephone office Pemberton. Hinau is the name of a tree. Sheep farming.
HINDON, Otago. Farming village, 30 miles north-west from Dunedin ; in Taieri County. Post office and settlement. Four miles from Hindon railway station. Nearest telephone office Middlemarch, 18 miles.
HINDON RAILWAY. 25 miles north-west by rail ; from Dunedin: Taieri County; situated on Taieri River. Nearest telephone Middlemarch. 22 miles. Named after the Hindon township before the railway. Nearest doctor at Mosgiel. 18 miles.
HINDS POINT. At entrance to Wellington Harbour.
HINDS, Christchurch. An agricultural district south of the Hinds River ; 64 miles south by rail from Christchurch and 12 from Ashburton. Coaches leave here for Lismore (Tuesday, Thursday, Satur­day) and Lowcliffe (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday). No hotel, private board. Good roads. Post, telegraph, and money order and savings bank office; two stores. Named after an early settler. Nearest doctor at Ashburton.
HINEHAKA, Westport. A telegraph office. See Fern Flat for postal office.
HINEMOA. Pillar of rock (40ft) at southern end of Horohoro.
HINEMOA BATH. Hot bath on Mokoia Island where Hinemoa rested and warmed herself after her long swim across the lake to reach her lover, Tutanekai.
HINEMOA, Wellington. 121 miles northeast from Wellington. Rail to Pahiatua, coach to Kaitawa, thence 10 m; Wairarapa North County. Nearest telephone office Kaitawa, 10 m. Hinemoa is the name of a small district on the Teraumea Valley (South). The Teraumea is a small river rising in the Puketoi Ranges and emptying in the Manawatu. Trout fishing. Sheep farming and dairying. Nearest doctor at Pahiatua, about 15 m.
HINGAIA, near Drury.
HINDERA, Auckland. .A farming settlement, post and telegraph and railway siding 126 miles from Auckland; on Frankton-Rotorua rail­way. Good fishing in Thames River, close by, also plenty of shooting. Telephone. Has a store and creamery. Name means "Hot Fat." Nearest doctor at Tiran, 8 miles.
HIRUHARAMA (or JERUSALEM) Native village near Waipiro.
HIRSTFIELD. Township of Orepuki.
HIRSTS. A railway siding 42 miles west from Invercargill, and one mile from Orepuki.
HITAUA, Marlborough. 28 m N.E. from Blenheim. Train to Picton. thence by weekly launch, 9 m (fare, 2s 6d single. 5s return). There is also a bridle track from Picton to here. No roads for cycling. Sea fishing, but no shooting. Hitaua forms an ideal camping ground for summer parties, while there is good deep sea fishing. Name means "A war party fishing." So named from a war party from the North Wand putting in here to fish. Sheep farming. Nearest doctor at Picton. A post office, but nearest telegraph at Picton.
HIWINUI, Wellington. 10 miles south-east from Feilding; in Orinia County; and four miles from Manawatu and Pohanginu Rivers_ Sheep and pigs reared ; dairying industry. Good trout fishing in both rivers. Fair rabbit and hare shooting. Roads hilly, but good for cycling. Manawatu Gorge four miles from here. Private boarding, 20s per week. Post office. Name " Hiwinui" given by Wanganui Education Board when school built. Nearest telephone office Bunnythorpe. 5 m. Hiwinui means " Big Rise." Doctors at Feilding and Palmerston North, 7 miles and 11 miles.
HIWIROA, Southland. 72 miles north-east from Invercargill by rail. Postal and farming district only. Nearest telegraph office Bal-four, 5 miles.
HOANGA, Auckland. This place, situated 109 miles north from Auckland, used to be called Grahamsfern, after a settler named Graham, who bought it from the Maoris in the early days. It was a fern locality, and was thus called Grahamsfern. It is now known as Hoanga, the original Maori i.ame. Take rail to Helensville. thence steamer (17s 6d return) daily, via Dargaville. Post, money order, and telephone office. Principally sawmilling. Hoanga means " Peaceful."
HOBSON'S. Name of county. N. Auckland.
HOBSON'S BAY, Auckland Harbour.
HOBSONVI LLE, Auckland. On Waitemata River, nine miles north-west from Auckland. By motor launch twice daily (2s). Large drain pipe and tile works here ; but farming and kauri gum digging are principal business. Roads are fairly good for cycling. Named after Governor Hobson. Telephone. Nearest doctor is at Auckland.
HOCHSTETTER MOUNT (5140ft). Between Al-aura and Grey rivers.
HOCHSTETTER LAKE. Head of Nelson Creek.
HODGKINSON'S. 2 m from Otautau .
HOE-0-TAINUI. Native settlement, Piako Valley.
HOG BURN. See Naseby.
HOGON'S GULLY. 4m from Arrowtown, Southland.
HOHANEA STREAM. Tributary of Makakahi River.
HO HO, Westland. A gold mining settlement three miles south-west by rail from Hokitika. Post and telegraph office. Two stores, one hotel; rest of community miners. Name means "a tree” and is the name of a native shrub. Formerly called Blue Spur.
HOHONU, Westland. 31 miles north-east from Hokitika. Rail to Kumara, thence coach 13 miles. Post and telegraph office.
HOHONU RANGE. Between Teremakau River and Lake Brunner.
HOHONU RIVER. Tributary of Teremakau River.
HOHOURA. See Houhora.
HOHOURA BAY. A navigable estuary on E. coast of Auckland, N. of Mongonui.
HOHOURA RIVER. On E. coast of Auckland, N. of Mongonui.
HOKI ISLAND. In Coromandel harbour, with dome-shaped summit: 571ft.
HOKIANCA HARBOUR. On north-west coast of Auckland. Navigable for small vessels for some miles. Settlements—Opononi, Omanaia. Taheke, Kohukohu, Maungamuka, Omapere, Rangiahua. Wai-tapu, Whirinaki, and Rawene, the latter being the commercial centre of the district, which see. Is on Hokianga River, and was the second missionary station, established in 1827. Tri-weekly steamer from Onehunga. Hokianga. or, as the old Maoris pronounce it. "Shokianga," means "come back."
HOKIO TOWNSHIP. A seaside resort 5 miles from Levin, which see.
HOKITIKA, Westland. A picturesque town of some 2500 inhabitants, and the political capital of Westland. situated on the Hokitika River. Rail connects with Greymouth. Reefton, and Ross. The berthage space in the harbour amounts to 1000ft. with from 18ft to 20ft of water. Hokitika is the shipping port and centre of supply for a number of little townships, and for the whole district
south of Teremakau. Gold mining (sluicing and dredging) and farming are the chief support of town and district. Hotel rates from 4s to 10s daily; boarding houses from 18s to 30s a week. High, State, and convent schools. Three banks—New Zealand. New South Wales, and National. Newspapers—Leader, Times, and Guardian. Govern­ment and public offices, hospital, asylum, gaol, and Supreme Court for West Coast. Half-holiday on Wednesday. Hokitika has two resi­dent medical men. Sea View mental hospital, 1 m.
There are innumerable points of interest having Hokitika as their base. The overland trip to Christchurch starts from this town by train to Otira. thence by coach to Broken River, passing through the famous Otira Gorge, and from there by train to Christchurch. The journey occupies one day. The same journey may also be accomplished by coach through Kumara. the political birthplace of the late Hon. R. J. Seddon. The services are tri-weekly. Large numbers of cyclists ride to and from Christchurch.
The celebrated Franz Josef glaciers, situated south of Hokitika, may be reached in two days either on horseback or by cyclists. The Fox Glacier (15 m further south) is easily accessible. and horses can be ridden right on to it. Guides are obtainable at both of the glaciers.
The Mahinapua Lake and River, situated about 8 m from the town, may be reached by boat or train. Oil launches are always ob­tainable. Tourists and visitors are advised to go by way of the river as the scenery is magnificent.
Lake Kanieri is also a favourite resort. The Westland Acclima­tisation Society's hatching ponds are situated on borders of this lake and there is an oil launch available for tourists. The scenery sur­rounding this lake is considered to be the finest in New Zealand.
The Kokatahi and Koiterangi farming districts abound in native game.
It is anticipated, when the Westland (late Wilberforce) quartz reefs are developed and in full working, considerable impetus will be given to the trade of Hokitika. The Harbour Board reserves of land are now occupied by a number of saw mills, and the Harbour Board contemplates making improvements to the harbour. Large areas of agricultural and pastoral land have been sold lately in South West-land, and considerable areas are now being surveyed. The drawback of this part of Westland has been the want of roads and bridges. South Westland is considered to possess the most magnificent scenery in the world, and is already attracting large numbers of tourists from all parts. Numbers of mountaineers have crossed the celebrated Tasman Glacier and Mount Cook from South Westland into Canterbury.
Hokitika has a Charitable Aid Board. Education Board, Public Library and Rending Room. Population 2300.
Mr James King, local secretary of the N Z. Tourist Association will afford visitors further particulars of the beauty sights of Westland.
HOKONUI GORGE. 7 m from Harrington's.
HOKONUI, Southland. Farming district, post and telegraph office. 28 miles north-east from Invercargill, by rail. Rivers Otapira and Lora have good trout fishing, and the Hokonui Hills are good shooting resorts. Lora and Otapira Gorges are well worth visiting. Nearest telephone office at Hokonui station, 1 mile. Nearest doctor at Winton, 10 miles.
HOKONUI MOUNTS. West side of Mataura River; 2200ft.
HOKOWHITU. See Palmerston North.
HOLDSWORTH MOUNT (4840ft). Peak of Taraarua Range.
HOLE IN THE WALL. Rocky passage entrance Mercury Bay.
HOLLYFORD SADDLE. At head of Hollyford River.
HOLLYFORD VALLEY. Leads from Greenstone Saddle to Lake Mackerrow.
HOLMES BAY. In Pigeon Bay, Banks Peninsula.
HOLMESDALE. 4 m from Lumsden.
HOLMSLEE. Sheep station near Rakaia. Telephone office.
HOMEBUSH. See Coalgate and Glentunnel, which are the postal offices, two and three miles off by rail.
HOMEBUSH. Suburb of Masterton.
HOME CREEK. Tributary of Mararoa River.
HOMESTEAD BAY. South of Point Ligar. Shelter and good anchorage.
HOMER SADDLE. Near Hollyford Saddle.
HOMEWOOD, Marlborough. On Mary's Bay, Pelorus Sound, 32 miles from Picton by launch, and 18 miles from Havelock. Is a secluded district, possessing glorious scenery, fitted to be a perfect sanatorium. Black birch is abundant in the neighbourhood; and the residents are entirely sheep farmers. Fortnightly steamer from Wellington. Good boarding. One of the prettiest bays on the Sound. Plenty of quail and pigeon shooting, deer stalking, and good fishing close at hand. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor Havelock.
HONIKIWI. 127 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Otorohanga, thence horse 13 miles. Called after a hill that Natives used during the war for a lookout point, and where they got a plentiful supply of food. Though a very old Maori settlement, it is a com­paratively new European one, and it was in 1902 only that it was opened by the Crown Lands Department. Native settlement is on the Makarurua River, and this is the shortest route from the railway to the Kawhia Harbour. Plenty of pheasant and quail (Californian) shooting. Nearest telegraph office Otorahanga, 11 miles. Name means " Sweet Kiwi." Nearest doctor at Te Awamutu, 27 m.
HOODS BAY, Hampshire Hills, near Matukapawa.
HOODS BUSH, near South Melvern.
HOOK. See Studholme Junction, the postal office, 3 m off by rail.
HOOK BUSH, near Waimate.
HOOKER GLACIER. In vicinity of Hermitage.
HOOKER MOUNT. Between Inangahua and Grey rivers
HOOKER RIVER. Tributary of Tasman River.
HOON HAY. Sheep station near Christchurch.
HOOPER'S INLET, Otago. A small inlet on the Otago Peninsula and part of the Lower Portobello farming district. A favourite camping ground in the summer holidays for parties wishing fishing (netting) and shooting.
HOPAI (Pelorus Sound), Marlborough. 51 miles by coach and boat from Blenheim, via Havelock. Is situated in a bay, and splendid fishing of all sorts close at hand : while shooting is plentiful. Post
and telephone office. Name said to be a corruption of Te Hopai, which means "safe, or grand, harbour." Sheep farming.
HOPE MOUNT. A peak in S. Canterbury.
HOPE, Nelson. A picturesque farming township, 10 miles south by rail from Nelson. No hotel or private board, but latter may be arranged. Visitors for Aniseed Valley, three miles, where there is good fishing and deer stalking, get out here. Wairoa River, two miles. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Richmond. 2 miles.
HOPELANDS, Hawke's Bay. On the Manawatu River. 112 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Woodville, thence tri-weekly coach (Is 6d) 7 miles. Post and telegraph office; creamery; sheep and dairy farming. Nearest doctor Woodville.
HOPE RIVER. Flows into Buller River.
HOPE SADDLE. 22 m from Kohatu. on coach road. Kohatu acts as post office, which see.
HOPU HOPU. Old mission station on Waikato River.
HORA HORA. Native settlement. Churchill district. Post and telephone office.
HOREKE. 190 miles north of Auckland (by steamer to Opua, 26s; rail to Kawakawa 8 m. then coach tri-weekly 31 m). is at the head of navigable water on the Hokianga Harbour, 22 m from the bar, and vessels of 1000 tons can berth at the wharf at high tide. Is the terminus of the Kawakawa-Hokianga mail -route, via Ohaewai and Okaihaw. In summer roads good for cycling and motoring. One hotel. Important flaxmilling centre, and has a large area of rich alluvial land occupied by large Native population. Post and telephone office. Horeke means "a challenge." Nearest doctor at Kohu Kohu, 3 miles. A very ancient European burial ground probably. the oldest in New Zealand) is here; contains the grave of an old sailing captain who died as far back as 1808.
HORNBY, Christchurch. Six miles south by rail from Christchurch; in Selwyn County. Christchurch Meat Company and Nelson Bros, have meat freezing works here. Post and telegraph and money order office. Junction of the Southbridge, Little River, and main Christchurch-Dunedin line. The surroundings are agricultural, the land being very fair for this. Roads are very good for cycling for miles around. Hare shooting. Nearest doctor at Riccarton. 3 m.
HORNDON JUNCTION Old name for Darfield. which see.
HOROEKA, Hawke's Bay. 111 miles from Napier. Rail to Dannevirke, coach to Waipatiki bi-weekly, thence horse 10 miles. Patangata County. Post, telegraph, and telephone bureau. Was cut up for small settlement, under the Stout-Vogel Government, about the year 1903, under freehold tenure, but 200 acres are insufficient, as the land is of poor quality, and in consequence is rapidly drifting into large holdings. Waihi Falls near here. Doctor at Weber. 15 m.
HOROERA. See Te Araroa.
HOROHORO. Native settlement and rocky spur 14 m from Rotorua. on Taupo road.
HOROKIWI. See Pahautanui and Otaki.
HOROKIWI VALLEY. 23 m from Wellington. Scene of last big fight between Maoris and troops in Wellington district.
HOROPITO. Wellington. 208 miles from Wellington on Main Trunk railway. Post and telegraph office. About 8 miles from the/ snowclad Mount Ruapehu. Sawmilling. Nearest doctor Ohakutie, 8 miles, and Raetihi. 9 miles.
HORORA ISLAND. Half a mile east of entrance to Mahurangi Heads; 113ft high.
HORORATA, Canterbury. A farming centre 43 miles south-west from Christchurch. Rail to Coalgate, thence five miles by coach. Two stores; hotel. Post, telegraph, and money order office and saving bank. Is between Hororata and Selwyn Rivers. Nearest doctor at Darfield. 12 miles.
HOROTIU, Auckland 78 miles south from Auckland, by rail. Waikato County. Post and telegraph office and farming district.
HOROWERA. Maori village near Te Araroa.
HOROWHENUA LAKE. One mile from Levin, which see.
HOKOWHENUA. A county in Wellington province.
HORRELVILLE. Canterbury. 32 m from Christchurch by rail, via Kaiapoi. Post office. Nearest telegraph office Bennetts. 3 miles. Is a great wheat-growing locality.
HORSE FLAT. See Macraes Flat.
HORSE TERRACE. See Matakitaki.
HORSEFORD DOWNS. In Karetu Valley, near North Loburn.
HORSK SHOE BAY. See Half Moon Bay.
HORSESHOE BAY. A bay on south of Banks Peninsula.
HORSKSHOE BAY. Near Kenny's Isle, Blenheim.
HORSESHOE BEND, Otago. 22 miles from Lawrence (seven miles from Moa Flat) by Roxburgh coach via Dunkeld daily. Ettrick is the next stopping place for coach. Gold mining—sluicing and dredging. Island Block Gold Mining Company, one mile. Bad roads. Has one hotel. Post office. . Nearest telegraph office, Beaumont, 8 miles dis­tant ; nearest telephone, Island Block, 1 mile. Nearest doctor at Rox­burgh. 17 miles.
HORSE SHOE BUSH. See Pukeatua.
HORSESHOE CLIFF, on banks of Grey River, North Loburn.
HORSLEY DOWNS. See Hawarden and Medbury.
HOSSACK. Amuri district. Crown lands, near Waiau.
HOTEO. A river rising at Te Arai, and flowing into Kaipara Harbour.
HOTEO, Auckland. 65 miles north from Auckland by rail. Post and telegraph office. Farming settlement.
HOTEO NORTH, Auckland. 71 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Warkworth tri-weekly, which see ; rail to Wayby, thence 3 miles. Farm settlement 18 miles from Helensville. Nearest tele­phone Wayby. 3 miles; and nearest doctor at Wellsford, 5 miles.
HOT SPRINGS. See Hanmer and Rotorua.
HOUHORA (NORTH CAPE), Auckland. 209 miles north from Auckland, by N.S.S. Co.'s steamer every week. Good shooting and sea, fishing. Wild pig hunting and shooting takes place in July, with horses supplied to visitors. Two accommodation houses. Post and telephone office. A port on a narrow sheltered harbour, and surrounded by undulating gum country.
HOUIPAPA, Otago. Clutha County; 87 miles south-west from Dunedin. Rail to Catlins River, then 7 m coach via Ratanui. Purely a farming and sawmilling district. Two stores. No hotel nearer than Owaka. The Catlins River runs through the centre of the district two miles above head of lake, navigable for boats drawing 2ft of water, is noted for its beautiful scenery, and is well stocked with fish. Ducks plentiful on the lake, and pigeons and kakas in bush. Crouds of sportsmen visit here yearly. Named by many Ribbonwood Flat from the abundance of that tree on the flat. Post office and See also Owaka.
HOUTO, Auckland. 215 miles north-west from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei (22s 6d return), thence coach 10 miles. Post office, nearest telegraph office at Titoki. 6 miles.
HOWARD LAKE. In Upper Ashburton district.
HOWARD POINT. Near Lowry Bay, Wellington Harbour.
HOWARD RIVER. Falls into Buller River, Westland.
HOWDEN LAKE. On Greenstone Saddle. Queenstown.
HOWES. Railway siding 5 miles from Gore, on Waikaka line.
HOWICK, Auckland. A farming settlement and seaside resort, 15 south-east by daily coach (2s 6d return) or steamer (1s 6d return) from Auckland, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. Excellent fishing in the bay. Howick is called after Lord Howick. Post and telephone office. Hotel and boarding house. Tennis, cricket and bowling courts. Nearest doctor at Otahuhu, 11 miles.
HUAHUA. Large kauri forest, near Dargaville.
HUAKI, near Kawerua.
HUARAU, Auckland. 82 miles from Auckland. Rail to Helensville thence steamboat bi-weekly, Monday and Friday, up the river, (return fare 19s). Is situated at the head of Pahi River. Quail, duck and pheasant shooting. Four miles from Paparoa. Name means “fruit and leaves” “Hua." fruit; and "Ran." leaves. Nearest post and telegraph and doctor at Paparoa. 4 miles.
HUATOKI, Taranaki. 5 miles from New Plymouth by hire. Post office. Nearest telegraph office and doctor, New Plymouth.
HUENUI Headland on west coast of Auckland.
HUGH MOUNT, 2850ft. Southern extremity of Haurangi Ranges, Wellington.
HUIA. Auckland. On Manukau Harbour, 22 miles from Auckland City. In Waitemata County. Fortnightly steamers from Onehunga via Awhitu; or rail to New Lynn, thence horse 13 miles. Timber and gum trade. Good pheasant and duck shooting. Visitors to the falls can only get there by bush track. Private boarding at 20s per week. Nearest telephone and doctor at Avondale, 16 m.
HUIAKAMA, Taranaki. A post and telegraph office, 52 miles south-east from New Plymouth by rail (Te Wera station, 1 ½ miles). Good scenery. Dairy factory and store. Nearest doctor at Stratford 22m.
HUI ROAD. See Kakanui.
HUIAKARUA. See Stiathmore.
HUIARUA, Auckland. 83 miles N.W. from Gisborne. Steamer weekly to Tokomaru Bay—which is nearest telegraph office.—thence 25 miles. In Waiapu County.
HUIEH ISLAND, most northern of four islands. ¾ m in extent, N.W. Coromandel Harbour, with flat summit, 550ft high.
HUIRANGI, Taranaki. On right bank of Waitara River, 11 miles east from New Plymouth. Rail to Sentry Hill, then three miles walk. Dairying. Roads fair. Originally laid off as a military settle­ment, but not successful. On September 7, 1860, a skirmish with Maoris took place here. Has post office. Nearest telephone, Sentry Hill, 2 miles. Nearest doctor at Waitara, 4 miles.
HUIROA, Taranaki. 46 miles from New Plymouth by rail, via .Stratford. Plenty of game for sportsmen with dog and gun. Post and telephone office.
HUKA FALLS. Very celebrated. On the Waikato River, in Auckland district, 3 miles from Taupo. Name Huka means ''foam." Doctor at Rotorua, 56 m.
HIUKAHUKATOROA. Tributary of the Okiri, Little River.
HUKANUI, Wellington. 96 miles from Wellington and seven from Eketahuna by rail. Sawmilling and dairying. Good fishing. Post, telephone, and money order office. Mangatamoka (1 mile) and Mangahao (3 miles) Rivers afford good trout fishing. Nearest doctor at Eketahuna. One store.
HUKANUI. Farming district, 10 miles from Hamilton.
HUKATERE. See Pukenui, seven miles distant.
HUKARERE, Westland. Originally called Blackwater. 33 miles by rail from Greymouth. Post and telephone office. Nearest telegraph office, Ikamatua. Farming and mining. Nearest doctor at Reefton, 15 miles. Good shooting.
HUKERENUI, Auckland. At one time the centre of a large kauri gum and industry trade, but now a village settlement; 114 miles from Auckland. Steamer to Whangarei. then rail 19 in. Situated 20 m inland. Shooting abundant/ Has one hotel, and is a post and tele­phone and money order office. Named after a Maori game (Huke), causing a whistling sound, once greatly played here. Trout fishing. Coaches start daily from here for the north. Nearest doctor at Hikurangi, 10 m.
HUKINGA. See Rock and Pillar.
HUKUNUI. Prominent hill in Ruakaka district.
HULL. See Taieri Beach.
HUMBOLDT MOUNT. Head of Lake Wakatipu.
HUMPHREY'S, Westland. A gold mining and farming settle­ment, 11 miles north by coach, Monday and Friday, from Hokitika. On Arahura River. One hotel and sawmill. Named after the first gold prospector here. Post and telephone office. Horse track from here-leading up the Arahura River to Wilberforce Reefs. The sluicing claim works at night under electric light, and the scene then is worth a visit. Nearest doctor at Hokitika. 11 m.
HUMUHUMU LAKE, near Kaipara Heads.
HUNDALEE, Marlborough. 101 miles from Christchurch and 11 miles from Hawkeswood, which is telephone office. There are mail coaches which run daily. About 30 miles from Domett and 21 miles from Kaikoura. By leaving Kaikoura at 6 a.m. the traveller can get to Christchurch same night, going via Cheviot. It is one of the finest scenic routes in the Dominion. Cheviot is 25 in. Good fishing in the Conway River (3 m), while the Amuri Bluff is 2 ½ m direct across the hills. Place named by John Tinline, after place in Scotland. Nearest doctor at Kaikoura.
HUNGRY HILL, Port Underwood.
HUNTER, Canterbury. A farming and fruit-growing district, 24 miles south from Timaru. Rail to Makikihi, thence six miles ; in Waimate County. Nearest lintel, store, or accommodation at Makikihi. Post and telephone. The Makikihi River runs through the district, but though it contains trout, the water is shallow and no use for angling. A seam of good coal has been discovered. Nearest doctor at Waimate, 10 m.
HUNTERS HILLS. Mountain range. South Canterbury.
HUNTERVILLE, Wanganui. Three miles from Rangitikei River and 51 miles east from Wanganui, and 16 from Marton on the railway line. Grazing district, trout fishing; shooting—hare, pheasant, quail, pigeon, etc. Tri-weekly newspaper, branch Bank N.Z., post, telephone, and money order office. Roads hilly and bad for cycling. Two hotels. Population, 795. Governed by Town Board.
HUNTLY, Auckland. Situated on Waikato River, 65 miles south by rail from Auckland. A flourishing township, with a very large and extending output of valuable coal. The Tanpiri Coal Mines Co., Ltd.. coal mines are here: also brick works. One hotel, private boarding houses and stores in township. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Fairly good shooting. Roads good. Fourteen miles from Waingaroa Hot Springs. Is about one mile from large Maori pa. Local doctor.
HUNT'S BEACH, South Westland. The scene of a bogus gold rush caused by Hunt, who had to secretly escape. See Gillespie's Beach.
HUNT'S ROAD, Otago. 69. m from Dunedin, on the Catlins River line. Post office. Named after the first settler here. Doctor and telephone at Owaka, 4 miles.
HUNT'S SADDLE. Between Titirangi Bay and Melville Cove, Pelorus Sound.
HUNUA, Auckland. 28 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Papaknra. thence coach tri-weekly (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday), 10 miles (2s 6d). In Mamikau County. Farming and dairying; creamery and butter factory. Hunua Falls, Lilly Falls, and Burds Falls worthy of visit. Roads not good. Has no hotel, but has private boarding at 20s per week. Post and telephone office. River Hunua runs through the district, on which are the Hunua, Wairoa, and Lilly Falls. Fishing, and also plenty of shooting. "Hunua" means "hidden" or "hiding"—the town being hidden by a steep hill. Nearest doctor at Clevedon, 8 miles. A company has been formed to work the deposits of dial here. It is estimated that 8,000,000 to 10,000,000 tons are con­tained in the areas to be worked. A tram line is to connect here with Papakura. 8 miles, and 19 miles from Auckland.
HUNUA SIDING. Auckland. 21 miles south from Auckland by rail. Post office. Nearest telegraph office, Papakura. 1 mile. See also Hunua.
HUPARA, Auckland. Telegraph office.
HURIMOANA, Taranaki. 80 miles south-west from New Plymouth. Rail to Te Wera, tri-weekly coach to Whangamomona. thence horse seven miles. The land is about the best that can be obtained for sheep farming, as it is not too rough, being almost a dairying country. The Ohoura road, which is opened northward from Tangaraku Gorge by means of a bridle track, now connects the provinces of Taranaki and Auckland. The roads are' useless for cycling. Post and telephone office. The place is named after the historic hill of Hurimoana, which stands near, and which during the war was a Maori stronghold. It is in shape like the wave of a rolling sea, and was so called by reason of the Maoris likening their forces to the onward rolling, irresistible march of a strong billow. Maoris explain the name thus : Huri, to turn over; moana, a rolling wave of the sea. Is 47 m from Stratford. Scenery good, and the celebrated Tangarakau Gorge begins 7 m north, and may be reached by vehicles. From Hurimoana Hill a good view is obtained of Tongariro and Ruapehu Mountains.
HURLEYVILLE, Taranaki. Near Patea River, 53 miles north­west from Wanganui ; in Patea County. Rail to Ball road station, thence mail coach daily six miles ; fare, 3s. Dairying and cocksfoot growing ; also butter factory here. Shooting—pheasants, hare, and quail. Good views of Mounts Egmont, Ruapehu, and Tongariro from here; also Patea River. Good cycling roads in summer. Post, telephone, and money order office. No hotel; accommodation may be arranged with storekeeper. Sheep farming. Named after Hurley, the first post­master here. Nearest doctor, 12 miles. Telephone.
HURSTLEA. Near Hakataramea. Nearest doctor. 9 m.
HURUHI. On Waiheke Island.
HURUNUI, Canterbury. On river of same name; 62 miles north from Christchurch and nine from Waikari. Rail to Medbury, then five miles by mail cart. Farming and sheep. Good fishing in river, and fair shooting. Good cycling roads. There is one hotel and store. Post and telephone.
HURUNUIORANGI. Maori pa, near Gladstone, Wellington.
HURWORTH, Taranaki. Five miles south from New Ply­mouth, which is nearest telephone office. Dairying district; has a dairy factory. Hare, pheasant, and quail shooting. Natural gas, supposed to be petroleum, is in the district. Named after Major Sir H. Atkinson's farm. Nearest doctor at New Plymouth.
HUT CREEK. 6 m from Riversdale.
HUTEWAI. A hill in N. Puketoi Ranges, Wellington.
HUTT, Wellington. On river of same name. Is a well-built residential suburb, with well-laid-out gardens, and borough town of about 3300 inhabitants; eight miles north-east by rail from Wellington. Market and nursery gardening, several large stores, bank, four hotels, post, telegraph and money order office. Roads good for cycling. A fine road bridge spans the river. The Hutt 'Park is a short distance from the township, and the Bellevue Gardens near are well worth a visit. Good trout fishing in Hutt and Waiwetu Rivers. Coaches to Tai-Ta meet all trains, and Mason's Gardens at Tai-Ta are also worth visiting; fare Is return. The Hutt was named after a director of the New Zealand Company of the same name. The railway was first opened on April 14, 1874. This is Hutt Lower, but known as the Hutt.
HUTT MOUNT, 7180ft. Near Rakaia Gorge; also sheep station. Nearest post office, Methven.
HUTT RIVER. Rises in Tararua Ranges, and flows into N.E. head of Wellington Harbour.
HUTT UPPER, Wellington. Situated at the head of the valley. The railway here starts the ascent of the Rimutaka Range. Sawmilling and small farming. Four stores, one hotel, and boarding house. See also Trentham (one mile). Shooting and fishing. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Favourite holiday resort for Wel­lington residents. The old Maori name for Upper Hutt is Haukaretu, derived from the Native grass "Karetu" and "Hau," meaning "wind." The wind cast the perfume of this grass abroad, and the place was so named Haukaretu.
HUTT VALLEY. A fertile district near Wellington. Native hostilities here 3rd March, 1846.
HYDE, Otago. Situated at foot of Rock and Pillar Range and one mile from Taieri River, 64 miles north-west on Otago Central railway from Dunedin, passing through most wonderful scenery. Pas­toral and agricultural district. Mining and rabbit trapping and ex­porting carried on to some extent. Hotel; no boarding obtainable here. Climate very dry and healthy. Post, telephone, and money order office. Hares and rabbits are the only shooting obtainable, the latter in thousands. Has a warm and very dry and healthy climate, good for invalids. Roads good, but rather hilly for cycling. Named after the late John Hyde Harris, Superintendent of Otago in 1864. Nearest doctor at Middlemarch, 17 miles. Postal name now Hyde Railway.
HYDE HOME. Sheep station, 11 m from Waikaia.
HYDE MOUNT. Near Shotover branches; 6700ft.
HYDES CREEK. Runs into Queen Charlotte Sound at the Grove.