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Wises 1912 Directory to Every Place in New Zealand G

 

GABLE END. Foreland named by Captain Cook in 1769 from its resemblance to the gable end of a building.
GABRIEL'S CULLY. Gold was first discovered here, on May 20, 1861, by Gabriel Read; hence the name. See Lawrence.
GALATEA, Auckland. 42 miles east from Rotorua and 217 miles from Auckland; in Whakatane County. The district is pastoral, and entirely occupied with sheep stations. Is situated on the River Rangitaki, and it is reached by coach from Rotorua. Good shooting (ducks and pheasants) and trout fishing. Te Houki is the post office tor the district.
GALLAGHER'S LEAD, near Addisons.
GALLOWAY. Railway siding 133 m from Dunedin. See Alexandra for post office.
CAM MAN'S, Hawke's Bay. 61 miles from Napier by rail and four from Takapau, the postal office for here, which see.
GANNET ISLAND. On west coast of Auckland, opposite Aotea and Kawhia Harbours.
GAP, See Brown's and Winton; one mile from Winton by rail, which is the post office.
CAPES VALLEY, Canterbury. 32 miles north-west from Timaru. Rail to Orari (5s, 3s 4d), then from there on by coach, 10 miles. In Geraldine County. The chief support to the township is farming, the surrounding district all being taken up by farms. Telegraph office at Geraldine, eight miles off. Has a post office. Good cycling roads, no hotel or private boarding.
GARDEN BAY, Pelorus Sound. Where ships take in water.
GARRY RIVER. Tributary of Ashley River, Canterbury.
CARSTON, Otago. 76 miles north from Invercargill by train. In Lake County. Mining and farming district, with telephone and post office. Named after Garston, England, by the early settlers. Nearest doctor at Lumsden, 20 miles.
GATE PA, Auckland. 122 miles south-east from Auckland by bi-weekly steamer to Tauranga, thence coach two and a-half miles. Mails arrive Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, closing Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. Nearest, telegraph office is at Tauranga. Gate Pa derived its name from being in close proximity to where the notorious Gate Pa fight took place. It is situated in the Bay of Plenty. Coaches from Tauranga to Rotorua pass here. The scenery is beautiful, the climate excellent, roads splendid for cycling, and places to visit are Rotorua, Gate Pa, Oropi, Nawaro, all of which are reached by coach. Boarding accommodation can be obtained at 25s per week. The district is a splendid fruit-growing one. Deer and feather game in abundance, and good trout fishing close by. Government fruit-testing station 1 ½ m. Milk and butter factory 2 ½ miles. It was here a Maori chief climbed the earthworks and hurled his defiance at the British troops. An Anglican Church now stands on the historic site. Resident doctor.
GAWLER DOWNS, Mount Somers.
GEBBIE'S FLAT, Canterbury. A dairy and farming settle­ment on Halswell River, two miles from Lake Ellesmere and 20 miles from Christchurch. Rail to Motukarara siding, thence one mile. Good shooting on lake—duck, etc. Several places accommodation for sportsmen which supply boats, decoys, etc. No hotel. Good cycling roads. Post and telephone office.
GEDDES. A flag station on the Walton Park railway. Was formerly called Green Island.
GELT RIVER. Tributary of Conway, North Canterbury.
GENTLE ANNIE. See Thames.
GENTLE ANNIE. See Waitiri.
GENTLE ANNIE. Gold diggings near Charleston.
GENTLE ANNIE MOUNT. 6 m from Fortrose.
GEORDIE’S CREEK, near Barrytown.
GEORGE SOUND. One of the West Coast Sounds. Is reached from Te Anau, which see. A new track has been opened from the north-west arm of the middle fiord, via Lakes Hankinson, Thompson, and Catherine. Guides, etc., may be obtained at Te Anau.
GEORGETOWN, Otago. On the Oamaru-Duntroon railway line, and is 19 miles west from Oamaru; in Waitaki County. Train to Uxbridge station, then a mile walk. The surrounding district is agricultural. Has one hotel and post and telephone, with school at Awamoko, three miles away. Good cycling roads. No private boarding. Nearest doctor at Ngapara, 6 m.
GEORGETOWN. Suburb of South Invercargill.
GEORGETOWN. Suburb of Temuka.
CERALDINE, Canterbury. A district township on Waihi River. 12 miles from coast and 23 miles north from Timaru; in Geraldine County. Rail to Orari, then coach five miles as below. A great farming centre, with three banks, money order office, and cost and telegraph office. Has excellent cycling roads and good private boarding houses and hotels. Good trout fishing close to township, except in very dry season, with fly, and good trout fishing also in Orari River with fly, about six miles distant. Coach runs from Geraldine to Orari railway station five times every day, meeting each train, and returns to Geraldine, distance five miles. Surrounding scenery most picturesque— perhaps unequalled in Canterbury; range of mountains, about eight miles distant, covered with snow half the year; native bush, and numerous plantations of all kinds of trees. Excellent roads in all directions right up to base of hills, and well bridged. Climate exceedingly good and mild and dry. Population 945. Named after wife of James Edward Fitzgerald, who was at that time superintendent of Canterbury. Local doctors. Half holiday Thursday. Hotels and boarding houses. Lighted with acetylene gas.
GERMAN BAY, Canterbury. 53 miles south-east from Christchurch. On the sea coast, 17 m from Little River. Rail to Little River, thence coach twice daily. Akaroa is about half-hour's walk. Dairying and cocksfoot land (grass) and cheese-making. Roads very hilly. Has n dairy factory and a post and telephone office, but no hotels. In Akaroa County. Named from six Germans who arrived with French settlers at Akaroa in 1850, forming a settlement (see Akaroa). The first willow was planted here by M. de Belligny, the naturalist to the French Expedition. The willow was said to have been brought from Napoleon's grave at St. Helena. Mails once daily. Nearest doctor at Akaroa. 2^ m.
GERMAN GULLY. See Ross.
GERMAN TERRACE. See Giles Terrace.
GEYSERS. The geysers in New Zealand are located in a portion of the North Island, extending from the Bay of Plenty southward to Mount Ruapehu, of about 50 miles width, the greater part of which is known as the Thermal Springs District. The geysers generally occur in groups, but in some cases are met with in isolation. The parts of the district where they are found in greatest numbers are Rotorua. Rotomahana, Waiotapu. Orakei, Korako, and Wairakei. Rotorua is. without doubt, the most interesting geyser district, as thermal action of widely varied forms is here represented in profusion. A region of Rotorua famous for its weird wonders is Whararewarewa, where are to be found the well-known geysers to which the names of Pohutu. Waikite, Wairoa, and Waokorohihi have been given. The largest of these (Wairoa Geyser) sometimes throws a column of boiling water 100 feet into the air. The Thermal Springs District of New Zealand is similar to that of Iceland and to the Yellowstone Park of the United States, but is more compact than in either of those places in the setting forth of its exhibits. The thermal action is, of course, accompanied by remarkable scenery in the shape of steaming and differently, coloured pools, steam holes, mud volcanoes, mud springs, springs of hot and cold water in close proximity, deposits of silica, pumice and sulphur, brightly coloured sinter banks, steaming and tinted cliffs, gleaming terraces, and subaqueous geysers. An accompanying feature of Rotorua of great value is the mineral water springs, which are being utilised by the Government in connection with the curative baths. The Waimangu Geyser, a few miles from Rotorua, rose to a height of 800 feet to 900 feet, and was acknowledged to be tint greatest geyser known in the world. It broke out in the year 1900, and was more or less active until 1906, when it ceased.
GIBBSTON, Otago. On the Kawarau River, half-way between Queenstown and Cromwell. Rail and steamer to Queenstown, thence by Lawrence coach—Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, returning Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday—20 miles. Gold mining, sluicing, and dredging, but not extensively. The only coal mine in the Wakatipu Valley is here, situated 3000t't above the sea level—the elevation making the coal costly. Good climate, but rainfall scanty. Roads too sandy tor cycling. One hotel, no private board. Is 171 m north-west from Dunedin. Tele­phone and post office.
GIBBSTOWN, near Lyell.
GIBRALTAR ROCK. Porinui Harbour, Wellington.
GIBSONTOWN. See Kaituna.
CIBSON'S. 12 in by rail from Oamaru and 1 m from Peebles, the nearest post and telephone office. Called after Gibson, a farmer here.
GIBS RIVER. Tributary of Clarence River.
GILBERT MOUNT (5775ft). Head of Stoney Creek.
GILES TERRACE, Westland. An old mining township five miles north-east by rail train Westport; in Buller County. Take train to Sergeant's Hill station and from there walk one mile. Nearest telegraph office is at Westport, 5 m away. Has poet office, one hotel, and roads for cyclists fairly good. Nearest telephone office Westport, 5 miles. Named by miners after Mr Joseph Giles, who in the early days was magistrate and warden on the diggings. Nearest doctor at Westport.
GILLESPIE'S BEACH, Westland. 118 miles south from Hokitika: in Westland County; on the coast. Coach daily to Ross, thence weekly steamer 88 miles. A purely mining district, with hotel. Nearest telegraph office at Pekanga, 8 miles.
GIMMERBURN, Otago. A pastoral and agricultural district; in Maniototo County; 86 miles north-west from Dunedin. Rail to Waipiata. Otago Central, then 5 m. The climate here is, per­haps, the driest in New Zealand. In summer it is hot and windy, and in winter calm and frosty by night and sunny by day—a sana­torium. Private board may be arranged at about 25s per week. No hotel. Hares and pigeons plentiful everywhere, also ducks and pukakis, with trout fishing in Taieri River. Long stretches good level road for cycling. Post office, telephone, and money order office. Nearest doctor at Waipiata, 7 miles. There is a Government plantation here.
GISBORNE, Auckland. A municipality 86 miles north-east from Napier. By frequent steamers from north and south. The trade centre and port of the splendid pastoral country known as the Poverty Bay district, very large areas of which are still unoccupied and clothed in virgin forest, but is being rapidly brought under cultivation. It has one of the finest equable climates in Australasia, and is pic­turesquely placed on the banks of the Waimata. Turanganni and Taruheru Rivers. The population, exclusive of Maoris and including suburbs, is over 8198, and is steadily increasing, as the large quantity of unimproved land in the Cook County is fast becoming settled and made productive. The chief support of Gisborne is sheep rearing in surrounding country, the export of wool and frozen mutton having increased considerably of recent years. There are two refrigerating companies here. There are four branch banks, morning and evening newspapers, boarding houses—rates from 20s to 30s per week,—and good hotels. Half holiday held here on Thursday. The town is 1't with gas by the Gisborne Gas Company, and has a good water supply. A sewerage scheme is now in hand. The harbour is under the control of a board, and there is a breakwater, vessels up to 300 tons coming up to the wharves, but larger vessels remain as yet in the roadstead. The show of the Poverty Bay Pastoral Society is held here, and there is also an acclimatisation society for the district. Two dairy factories are now established; also bacon curing factory. The railway is now open to Waikohu. 23 miles. Where the larger of the intercolonial steamers come to a stoppage is the spot where Captain Cook, on October 8. 1769, brought the Endeavour to anchor. See also Poverty Bay. Coaches leave here for Tolaga Bay (36 miles) and Tokomaru Bay (62 miles), Te Pria Hot Springs and Waipiro (74 miles), Monday and Thursday; for Morere (44 miles) and Wairoa (75 miles) Monday and Thursday: and for Wairoa, via Tiniroto, on Tuesday. The borough area is 2000 acres; rateable value. £110,500; rates—general 2s. water 6d. special 1 ½ d.
Where Gisborne now stands was in 1865 covered with high manuka and thorny scrubs, and the hills surrounding the bay were all thickly clad with bush. Kaiti Flat was a swamp, containing flax and manuka. There was a bar at mouth of river, and Natives used to walk across it at low water. A fine Maori pah stood where now stands the meeting house Rawiri. The place was then called Turanganui. The siege of Waerengauhika in 1865, when the Natives capitulated and settlement commenced. Trouble again commenced by the return of the warrior Te Kooti, who escaped from Chathams, and on Friday, November 9, 1868, occurred the Poverty Bay massacre By Te Kooti and his mur­derous band. After their retreat they were scattered, the end of the Maori troubles being over. Gisborne again began to progress until it has reached the thriving town it is now.
GLACIERS. There are extensive glaciers in the South Island, some of those being of exceptional beauty, as, from the great abruptness of the mountain slopes, they descend to within about 700ft of the sea level, and into the midst of the evergreen forest. The largest glaciers are easily accessible (see Mount Cook). The following gives the sizes of some of the chief glaciers, with their acreage and length and width:—Tasman, 13,664 acres, 18 miles, 2 miles, 1 mile ; Murchison, 5,800 acres, 10 miles. 1 mile ¾ mile ; Godley, 5,312 acres, 8 miles, 2 miles, 1 mile ; Mueller, 3.200 acres. 8 miles, ¾ mile, ½ mile ; Hooker, 2,416 acres, 7 miles, ½ mile, ½ mile. The Alletsch glacier in Switzerland has an average width of one mile, and it is in length and width inferior to the Tasman glacier.
GLADE HOUSE. 148 miles from Invercargill. Rail to Lumsden, then take coach to Marakura or Lower Te Anau, then steamer to Glade House, which is at the head of Lake Te Anau and at the mouth of the Clinton River. It is 40 miles from Te Anau post office, and 94 miles from Lumsden, and 82 miles from Mossburn. the terminal point of the railway to this district. This being a tourist resort situated in the magnificent Clinton Valley, the direct route to Milford Sound, tourists resort here only between November and April. Native game abundant, and trout being plentiful in the Clinton River. Glade House is house for tourists (unlicensed), and is occupied only the above six months. Nearest telegraph office Te Anau, 41 m. Named by J. F. Garvey, pioneer settler, as place was in a forest glade.
GLADFIELD. A flag station on the Outram railway line, 15 miles from Dunedin, and one from Wylie's Crossing, the postal office, which see.
GLADFIELD. See Drummond and Heddon Bush.
GLADSTONE. Westland. Seven mile from Greymouth by rail.
GLADSTONE, Wellington. Known also as Tupurupuru; 70 miles north-east from Wellington, in Wairarapa County. By rail to Carterton, and from thence on by daily coach, 11 miles, 3s. A splendid pastoral district. Has one hotel, post and telephone office. Roads good in summer for cyclists, but there is no private boarding.
GLADSTONE. Near Apiti.
GLADSTONE. A suburb of Invercargill. Formerly a borough, amalgamated with Invercargill in 1910.
GLADSTONE ROAD. Auckland. Telegraph office.
GLASGOW. Eight miles from Auckland by rail. See Otahuhu.
GLASNEVIN, Canterbury. A railway siding 38 miles from Christchurch. On the Christchurch-Culverden line. Waipara, three miles distant, is nearest post office, which see.
CLEN (THE), Otago. A picturesque residential suburb forming a portion of the Mornington municipality, near Dunedin. Mornington Iran1 connects.
GLEN ALLAN. Tributary of River Waiau-ua, Canterbury.
CLENARY. Southland province and county; on Waikaia River. A sparsely-settled farming, saw milling, and mining (sluicing) district; 147 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Riversdale (Waimea Plains), thence by weekly coach via Waikaia (Friday), 27 miles, 5s. Hotel and good accommodation house, 4s per day. Trout fishing and good duck shooting. Good cycling roads. Glenary is not a township—it is a country district in the valley of the Waikaia, through which the river of that name flows. It is a sparsely-settled place, 12 miles distant from Waikaia township with which it is connected by a good road. To the accommodation house is attached the post office, a weekly mail service. There is a very extensive birch bush. The scenery is pretty and romantic, diversified by rugged mountain range and undulating downs. There are some very picturesque mountain lakes in the immediate vicinity which could be reached during the summer months. Nearest telegraph office in Waikaia. Nearest doctor at Riversdale, 30 in. Coach to Waikaia from Riversdale daily but from Waikaia to Glenary only weekly.
GLENAVON. A residential suburb of Dunedin.
GLENAVY, Canterbury. A farming district on Waitaki River; 38 miles south by rail from Timaru. Good shooting and fishing (trout) and good cycling roads. One hotel, private board, 30s. Glenavy used to be known as Waitaki North, but name not now used. Tele­phone and money order office. Named by McLean (early settler), after his Scottish home. Doctor at Waimate and Oamaru, each about 14 m. GLENBURN. See Otautau.
GLENBURN. See Hinakura.
GLENBURN. Near Carterton.
GLENCAIRN CREEK. Runs out of Lochnagar into Shotover River.
CLENCOE, Southland. 12 miles by road from Mataura, situated on the Hedgehope River near the Hokonui Bush. Pigeons and kakas, also wild cattle and pigs in the bush offer sportsmen good shooting. Ducks and swamp turkeys in river, which is well stocked with trout and eels. Is seven miles from Hedgehope railway station, which is the nearest telephone office. So named on account of the number of McDonalds in the district. Nearest doctor at Mataura. Sawmilling and farming.
GLENCOE. Near Oamaru.
GLENCOE VALLEY. Near Whakataki.
GLENDERMID. See Sawyers Bay.
GLENDHU, Martinborough.
GLENDLIN. See Hinakura.
GLENDUAN, Nelson. A little seaside place, with a glen of native bush, situated about nine miles from Nelson and about one mile from Wakapuaka road. There is a daily bus service, leaving Nelson at 10.30 a.m. and returning at 4 p.m., except Saturday, when the 'bus leaves the Glen at 6 p.m., returning from Nelson at 9.30 p.m. There is a good road right to the beach for driving, motoring, of cycling. Good boating and fishing, and a good supply of fresh water.
GLENGUMMEL. Near Gleniti, Canterbury.
GLENHAM, Southland. A post and telegraph office, 33 miles from Invercargill. On the Edendale railway line. Purely farming district. Fair cycling roads in summer. No hotel or private board. Dairy factory; flaxmills near at hand. Pig hunting. Nearest doctor at Wyndham, 6 m.
GLENIFFER, near Ngapara.
GLEN-ITI, Canterbury. Three miles west from Timaru by motor bus seven times daily (10d return) ; in Levels County. A farming district. Has a post office and telephone' bureau. Used to be called Wai-iti (Little Water), but as there was another place in Nelson province of this name it was altered to Glen-iti. Good cycling roads. Nearest doctor at Timaru.
GLENKENICH. See Tapanui, the postal office for here. Is on the Waipahi-Heriot railway, 2 m from Tapanui. District extends from Kelso east and south towards Waikoikoi and Waikaka. See also Kelso.
GLENLEDI, Otago. 47 miles south from Dunedin; 10 miles from Milton, on sea coast. Hire conveyance. Farming and sheep. Very hilly roads. Good summer resort. Good shooting, fishing, and bathing. Private boarding. Post and telephone office. The boarding-house proprietors drive to Milton for visitors if notified. Flaxmill. Flounders abundant in the Tokomairiro River, two miles away; mullet to be had at mouth of Bull Creek, close to the house; also crayfish and cod. Was first called Glen-Lady by the daughter of the Rev. Dewe, but changed to Glenledi. Nearest doctor at Milton.
GLENLEE. See Dannevirke.
GLENMARK. Near Waipaia.
GLENMORE ESTATE. See Mount Albert. A suburb of Auckland.
GLENMORE. Lake Tekapo.
GLEN MURRAY, Auckland. 78 miles south from Auckland. Reached by rail to Mercer, then launch (carrying mails), Tuesday and Friday (2s 6d), or rail to Rangiriri, then launch bi-weekly (2s) : 32 miles up the Waikato and Oputea Rivers. There are hot springs about five miles off. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctors Tuakou and Huntly.
GLENOMARU, Otago. In Clutha County; 66 miles south by rail from Dunedin. On the Balclutha-Catlin's River railway. Is a good agricultural district, with two sawmills and post office ; while the scenery surrounding is pretty, there being good bush with splendid pigeon shooting and a stream with good trout fishing. Port Molyneux, Nuggets Lighthouse, and Owaka are within easy driving or riding distances—five to 10 miles. Roads are good for cycling. No private board nearer than Romahapa. 4 miles, and no hotel. Nearest doctor .it Ow.ika. 7 miles. Nearest telegraph office Ahuriri Flat. 2 miles.
GLENORCHY, Otago. A township at the head of Lake Waka-tipu, much visited by tourists in summer, it is 35 miles up the lake from Queenstown and lies on the right-hand shore quite at the head of the hike. There are two hotels, and the steamer (3 hours) runs in summer from Queenstown three days in the week (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) from 1st November to 30th April, and in winter on Tuesday and Thursday only from 1st May to 31st October; fares—saloon. 5s, return 10s. The scenery around the township is remarkably grand, looking as it does upon the snowclad ranges and wonderful glaciers in the near distance, the beautiful lake close at hand, the dark mountains on the opposite shore. Passengers should stay here a week or at least a day or two and not return, as is often done, the same day to Queenstown. From here drives and horse excursions may be made to many beautiful places and especially to the Diamond Lake, Paradise and to the Lennox Falls, there is a post and telephone office. In many of the streams close at. hand there is trout fishing. A fair cycling road extends to the Diamond Lake and Paradise, and also alongside Wakatipu Lake. There is no private boarding but the hotels are quiet and moderate, from 3s to 10s per day (see Paradise). Nearest doctor at Queenstown.
GLENORE, Otago. Formerly known as "The Woolshed"; situated on south bank of Tokomairiro River. A gold dredging and agricultural district, in Bruce County ; 41 miles south-west by rail from Dunedin. Train to Milton, changing for Glenore. Good rabbit shooting and trout fishing dose at hand. The surrounding dis­trict is taken up by farmers, while the several dredges are at work on the river. Has post and telephone office, good cycling roads, no hotel, but private boarding. Scenery between here and Lawrence very grand. Nearest doctor at Milton. 5 m.
CLEN-OROUA, Wellington. 110 miles from Wellington and three miles from Rongotea, which see. Six miles from Oroua Bridge railway station, and three miles from Foxton-Sanson steam tram. Has large butter factory. Post and telephone office. Named by Green-away landowner from its proximity to River Oroua. Nearest doctor at Rongotea, 3 miles. Mixed farming One store.
GLEN OVIS. See Woodgrove.
GLENPARK, Otago . 4 miles from Palmerston by rail. Post and telephone office. Shag Valley used to be the name of the post office, but both the railway station (Glenpark) and the late post office (Shag Valley) are now under this name. Farming district; flour mills, and limekiln. Good fishing; private hotel. The hills close in on each side and allow just enough room for the river, road and railway to run side by side and then they slope away back again. Thus the "Glen"— a more suitable name, as the Shag Valley extends for miles beyond here. Nearest doctor at Palmerston, 4 m.
GLENROY, Canterbury. A small farming district in Selwyn County; 45 miles north-east from Christchurch. Tram to Glentunnel, then coach Tues. & Fri., six miles, 5s. Telegraph office at Glentunnel, fix; miles. Good cycling roads. No hotel or private board. There is trout fishing in the Hororata River, about a mile from Glenroy. There is also plenty of hare and rabbit shooting. Named after Glenroy in Scotland by a settler called Ewen M'lntosh. Nearest doctor at Darfield, 16 m.
GLENROY RIVER. Branch of Matakitalu River.
GLENROY VILLAGE. Near South Malvern, Canterbury.
GLENS OF TEKOA. Sheep station near Culverden
GLENTANNER, Lake Pukaki.
GLENTHORNE. Near Lake Coleridge.
GLENTUI. See Bennetts.
GLENTUNNEL, Canterbury. Near Selwyn River, 40 miles S.AV. by rail from Christchurch. The Homebush colliery and brick and pottery works are chief support of township. Trout fishing in the Selwyn and hare shooting in river bed. Good cycling roads. One temperance hotel; school, library, and town hall. Post, telephone, money order, and savings bank offices. Mail coach for Glenroy and Windwhistle leaves here Tuesday, 11.30 a.m.. returning same day; and on Friday goes through to Lake Coleridge, returning Saturday in time for Christchurch train. .Nearest doctor at Darfield, 9 m.
GLEN VAR. Seat of wine industry, Red Vale.
GLENWOOD, Wellington. 105 miles from Wellington and four from Feilding; in Manawatu County. Rail to Feilding, thence by coach daily. Is a dairy-farming district, and has a butter factory. Ridgelands. half a mile distant, is the post office for this district. Fair cycling' roads. No hotel.
GLINKES GULLY. Holiday resort near Tekopuru, Auckland.
GLOBE MINE, Nelson. 52 miles north-east from Greymouth. Rail to Reefton, thence coach five miles. The post and telegraph office is 1100ft above Reefton. Globe mine is situated inland, and the climate is splendid. It is a mining place. Coaches run thrice a week to the foot of the Globe Hill from Reefton, and a climb of 900ft brings the visitor to the mine. The scenery is beautiful, and the River Inangahua (two miles distant) is well stocked with trout. Nearest doctor Reefton. Locally this place is called Globe Hill. Close to here is Bagtown, and beyond that is Cousin Jack Town.
GLORIT, Auckland. Farming district 52 m north of Auckland on west coast road, on banks of Kaipara Harbour; train to Kaukapa-kapa, thence 10 m . Good pheasant, duck, and pigeon shooting; deep sea fishing. Nearest telegraph Ahuroa, 8 m. Nearest doctor at Helensville, 18 m. Named by J. Gardner, an early settler, after estates in Scotland.
GOAT HILL, Waitemata Harbour.
GOAT ISLAND. Hauraki Gulf, off Cabbage Bay.
GODLEY HEAD. The site of a fog signal at 'Lyttelton Heads, situated about 12 chains to the southward of the lighthouse, about 80ft above sea level.
GODLEY PEAK (6843ft). In the Southern Alps.
GODLEY STREAM. Ashburton County.
GOETHE MOUNT. In Upper Rangitata district, Ashburton County.
GOLD. The gold returns for the year 1910 showed a total value £1.896.318. The total value of gold exported from the colony from ;57 to the end of 1910 was £77,437,121.
GOLDEN BAY, Nelson. Situated to north of province. Collingwood and Clifton nearest ports. Formerly called Massacre Bay by Tasman owing to some of his sailors having been massacred here by the Natives. Name was subsequently changed to Golden Bay because first gold in N.Z. was found there. Waitapu is the port for the Bay.
GOLDEN CREEK. Tributary of Makarewa River, ½ m from Grove Bush.
GOLDEN CROSS, Auckland. 146 miles south-east from .Auckland City. Rail to Waikino, then daily coach. Gold mining entirely (quartz). Bad roads for cycling. Is in Thames district, 41 miles from Thames. Nearest post and telephone office Waitekauri, 4 miles
GOLDEN DOWNS, Nelson. 36 miles south-west from Nelson. Rail to Belgrove, thence 14 miles; or Kohatu, thence 4 miles. Post ,!id telegraph office. Accommodation house and store. Sheep farming district.
G0LDEN POINT. North entrance to Blackwood Bay.
GOLDEN RIDGE. 95 miles from Nelson. Weekly steamer Collingwood, thence 10 miles. Roads very rough. No accommodation. Flaxmilling and mining. Post office. Nearest telephone office Parkeston, 9m. So named from the rich veins of quartz discovered and worked on the hill. Nearest doctor at Collingwood, 30 m. Pack horse to Parkeston, then coach to Collingwood, across the inlet or mud flat. Beautiful scenery at the lake, 1 m, down hill, with good walking track. River Paturau, 4 m, has also beautiful scenery, and at the mouth of the river are some wonderful caves, one being about 1 m through a hill, with a stream of limestone water running through it. Country very rugged and bare, with the exception of sea coast.
GOLDIES BRAE. A residential suburb of Wellington reached by car from city to Thorndon Quay, thence short walk via Cotteville Terrace. The Wadestown tram passes round the " brae." Is in the hill overlooking the harbour.
GOLDNY GLACIER. On Mount Rolleston, West Co.ist road, Canterbury.
GOLDNEY'S SADDLE. On W. Coast road, between Cass and Bealey.
GOLDSBOROUCH, Westland. On Waimea Creek, 10 miles north-cast from Hokitika. Coach from Hokitika and Stafford for Kumara passes here (fare, 2s) daily at 4.30 and at 9.30 a.m. Gold mining—hydraulic sluicing. Fair roads. Two hotels, 4s per day. The old postal district of Big Dam is now included in Goldsborough. Telegraph and money order office. Formerly called Waimea.
GOLLAN'S VALLEY. 10 miles from Lower Hutt. See Hutt or Day's Bay.
GOLLARES BAY (or Pohill Bay). In Lyttelton Harbour.
GOMORRAH. Sulphur deposits. 1 m from Rotorua.
GONVILLE. A suburb of Wanganui, one mile and a-quarter from town : formerly known as Mount Desert Estate. Is a town dis­trict. See Wanganui.
GOODFELLOWS. See Taipo, which is nearest post office.
GOODWOOD, Otago. Called also Flag Swamp. A farming settlement, 37 miles north by rail from Dunedin. Nearest accommodation at Palmerston, four miles distant. Very good roads for cycling. Post and telephone office. One store. Nearest doctor at Palmerston.
GOOSE BAY. 9 m S. of Kaikoura, formerly a whaling station.
GORDON, Auckland. 50 miles from Thames. Rail to Waharoa, then 6 miles hire ; in Piako County. A farming district. Fair cycling loads. No hotel or private boarding. Post and telegraph office. Good fishing and fine scenery
GORDON, Southland. The name of a former town district over the river from Gore, of which it now forms part, and which see. Creek also of this name.
GORDON KNOB (5458ft). Near Tophouse, Nelson.
GORDON POINT. On W. shores of entrance to Wellington Harbour.
GORDON ROAD. Nine miles from Stratford by rail. Post office is Toko.
GORDONTON, Auckland. 70 miles south from Auckland by rail (Taupiri station), thence 8 miles by daily coach; in Waikato County. Post and telephone. Named after John Gordon, manager of Wood­lands Estate in district. Nearest doctor at Hamilton. 11 miles. One store. Agricultural.
GORE, Southland. 40 miles north-east by train on main line from Invercargill and 99 miles from Dunedin, on Mataura River. The most prosperous inland town in South Island Has good country around it, and has a large wool and grain trade, with fellmongery, dairy factory, and other industries in the borough, and gold dredging on the river. The roads from Invercargill and 'Dunedin (after passing Mosgiel to which place many take train from Dunedin to avoid Saddle Hill) are level and good in all weathers for cycling. Good trout and perch fishing, and duck, hare, and rabbit shooting just outside the town. Good private board is obtainable at 20s per week; several private hotels, five banks, two daily papers, and post, money order, and teleg office with clock and chimes. Hokonui Hills and bush (Croydon), a four miles' drive, is worth a visit. The railway bridge, also a traffic bridge, cross the Mataura River in the heart of the town. There is an agricultural and pastoral association here, which holds a successful show annually in December; also a horticultural society. The borough is now lit with electric light by the municipality, power being submitted from the .Mataura Freezing Works. Town has also a high-pressure water supply.
Twenty-six years ago Gore may be said not to have existed, as there were then only a few settlers on the plains. Its rise, therefore, to the most prosperous inland town of the South Island is indeed surprising, accounted for, however, by the fact that its position is unrivalled as a centre of traffic, and especially so after the opening of railways on all sides of it. It was created into a borough the year 1890, the town district of Gordon, on the south bank of the river, being added to it a few years later. Gore has a population of 3258. and suburbs 600. The borough has adopted the system of rating on unimproved values, the unimproved value of the borough is over £165,780, the capital value being £388.550. General rate, 3£d on unimproved value. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Daily coach to and from Waikaka, 17 mile's (3s 6d). A most up-to-date Boot and Shoe Establishment here is that is carried on by M. Sopp, in the Main street, where English. American, continental boots and shoes of the best makes are to be found, as well as from the best Colonial makers. Repairs of every kind undertaken. G. P. PATERSON & CO., Federal Ironmongery Depot. The prin­cipal ironmongery and furniture warehouse in Gore was established in 1886. The premises are up to date, and cover about half an acre, run­ning through from Main street to Irk street. The retail establishment is situated in Main street, while the wholesale and building depart­ments are in Irk street. Very large stocks of all kinds of fur­nishing and building ironmongery, furniture, and coachbuilding and blacksmiths' requirements are held. Everything required to build and furnish a cottage or a mansion can be obtained here. The firm are direct importers of English and Continental manufactures.
Mr. JOHN LATHAM, whose office is situated in Mersey Street, carries on an extensive General Commission Agency Business, and is also Agent for the Victoria Insurance Company, and Secretary for the Gore Racing and Gore Trotting Clubs, and also for the A. and P. Asso­ciation, besides which he also is Deputy Official Assignee in Bankruptcy. His P.O. Box is No. 46 and Telephone No. 32.
GORE BAY. Village near Port Robinson, Cheviot. Gore Bay , was named by Captain Cook on February 16, 1770. after Mr Gore. Cook's second lieutenant on the ship Endeavour.
GORE MOUNT. Between Inangahua and Grey Rivers; 4873ft.
GORE RIVER. Tributary of Grey River.
GORGE CREEK. See Bald Hill Flat.
GORGE LAKE. ½ m from Colac Bay.
GORGE ROAD, Southland. 19 miles east from Invercargill by rail; in Southland County; Mataura electorate. Saw and flax milling. Post and telephone office. No hotel. Roads not good. Good duck, pigeon, and rabbit shooting. Formerly called Oteramika Gorge, but changed for postal reasons. Dairy factory.
GORTON. Near Cambridge', Auckland.
GOITGH'S BAY. See Long Bay Road or Akaroa, both of which mails for this place pass through.
GOULAND'S FERRY. See Blenheim.
GOULA PEAKS. See Woodgrove.
GOULD'S ROAD. Railway siding 19 miles from Christchurch on the Southbridge line. Springston is the post office.
GOULTER RIVER. Flows from back of Mount Patriarch and joins Wairau River at mouth.
GOVERNMENT. His Excellency the Governor is appointed by the Imperial Government; his term of office is for five years, and his salary £5,000, and £1,500 for establishment. The Legislative Council of 48 members at present, are appointed by the Governor for seven years. Those appointed before 1891 are for life; two are native chiefs. The House of Representatives consists of 80 members, four of whom are of the Maori race. The members are elected by the people for three years There are 76 electoral districts, 4—Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch' and Dunedin—returning three members each, and all others one each. The voting power is extended to women since 1893, and every adult above 21 has a vote if 12 months in the colony, but must be on electoral roll. The seat of Government was, until 1865, at Auckland, but in that year it was removed to Wellington. The successive Governors have been Captain William Hobson. January, 1840. to September 10. 1842, died at .Auckland : Captain Robert Fitzroy. from December 26, 1843, to Novem­ber 17. 1845 ; Captain, afterwards Sir, George Grey, from November 18, 1845, to December 31, 1853 ; Colonel Thomas Gore Browne, from Sep­tember 6. 1855, to October 2, 1861 ; Sir George Grey, from October 3, 1861. to February 5. 1868 ; Sir George F. Bowen, from February 5, 1868, to March 19, 1873 ; Sir James Fergusson, from June 14. 1873. to December 3, 1874 : Marquis of Normanby, from December 3. 1874. to February 21, 1879 ; Sir Hercules O. R. Robinson, from March 27, 1879. to September 8. 1880 : Hon. Sir Arthur H. Gordon, from November 29, 1880, to June 23. 1882 ; Lieutenant-General Sir William F. D. Jervois. from January 20. 1883, to March 22, 1889: Earl of Onslow, from May 2, 1889, to February 24, 1892 ; Karl of Glasgow, from June 7, 1892, to February 6, 1897; Lord Ranfurly was appointed April 6. 1897. retiring June 19. 1904 ; Lord Plunket was appointed June 30, 1904. retiring June 7, 1910 ; Lord Islington was appointed on May 4. 1910. and arrived on June 22, 1910. In the intervals the Chief Justice administered the Govern­ment. The present Prime Minister is the Bight Hon. Sir Joseph Ward. On September 26, 1907. the style and designation of the colony of New Zealand was changed to " The Dominion " of New Zealand. The departments for the management of business are 15, as follows:— Legislative, Finance, Post and Telegraph, Working Railways: Public Buildings, Domains, and Maintenance of Roads; Native; Justice; Mines; Internal Affairs; Defence ; Customs, Marine and Harbours, and Inspection of Machinery; Labour; Lands and Survey; Agriculture, Commerce, and Tourists ; Education.
GOVERNOR'S BAY, Canterbury. 13 miles south-east from Christchurch and six from Lyttelton. By daily coach from latter (tri­weekly in winter), 2s 6d return ; in Mount Herbert County. Quite a fruit-growing district. Roads hilly. Plenty of rabbit shooting and fishing close at hand. One hotel. . It is opposite Lyttelton. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Lyttelton.

GOVERNOR'S PASS. Entrance to Port Fitzroy.
GRAHAMSFERN, Auckland. 109 miles north from Auckland. Rail to Helensville, thence steamer weekly (via Dargaville), 17s 6d return. Hobson County. Name changed to Hoanga (which see), the original Maori name, and used to be a fern patch, and Graham (early settler) bought it from the Maoris.
GRAHAMSTOWN. A part of Thames, which see.
GRAHAMSTOWN. See Oneraki.
GRAMPIAN HILLS. Overlook S. Nelson.
GRAMPIANS. Sheep station. Burke's Pass.
GRANITE CREEK. Near Karamea.
GRANITE HILL (3993ft). Near Crooked River.
GRANITY, Nelson. On sea coast, 18 miles north from Westport. Railway to Westport, fare Is 7d. It is at the coal incline from Miller-ton mine; coal lowered to here, then trucked to Westport. Road now from Granity to Westport. A coal mining district. Post, money order, and telephone office. Hotels, stores, and doctor.
GRANT MOUNT (5046ft). On Lyndon station, near Waiau, Can­terbury.
GRANTS CREEK. 3 m from Te Arai.
GRANVILLE, Westland. Also known as Half-Ounce and Duffer's Creek. An old and well-known mining district, 29 miles north-east from Greymouth ; in Grey County. Train to Totara Flat, then road, three miles. Has a post office, but the nearest telegraph station is at Totara Flat, three miles.
GRASS COVE, Marlborough. A boat's crew of Captain Foveaux's ship were massacred and eaten here in 1770.
GRASSDALE. Near Porters Pass.
GRASSEY CREEK. 7 m from Blackmount.
GRASSMERE. A suburb of Invercargill, which see.
GRASSMERE. Horse farm near Feilding.
GRASSMERE. 27 miles south from Blenheim by rail (Kapara railway station). One accommodation house. Post and telephone office. Named from Lake Grassmere, translated from Maori name Papara Te Hau. Accommodation house half-mile from lake and proposed railway. Agricultural pastoral. Doctor at Blenheim.
GRASSONDALE. See Te Nui.
GRASSTON. Near Mangahao.
GRAY RIVER. Tributary of Awatere River.
GRAY'S ROAD, Canterbury. A railway siding 33 miles from Christchurch. On the Christchurch-Culverden line. Balcairn, three miles distant, is nearest post office, which see.
GREAT BARRIER ISLAND. Is situated 56 miles N.E. from Auckland, and has a population of about 270. It is 25 miles long by about 10 miles wide in the widest purl. Gum digging, kauri timber felling, sheep farming and a little gold and silver mining are the chief occupation of residents. The island is also a holiday resort and there is good boarding accommodation at the settlements of Port Fitzroy, Tryphena, and Okupu. which also see. Steamer leaves Auckland on Wednesday evenings; faro 22s 6d and 15s. There are two hot springs here. Named by Captain) Cook from its forming a complete breakwater or barrier to the capa­cious Hauraki Gulf. Consists of high mountains broken into ragged and fantastic peaks resembling the hills of Cook's Straits. Was once worked for the supply of copper ore by a Sydney firm about 1840. The triple-peaked crater stands out most conspicuously. Large saw­mills. Doctor at Whangapara, 12 miles. See also Port Fitzroy. On October 29, 1894, the s.s. Wairarapa was wrecked on Miners' Head, and some 150 lives lost.
GREAT REPUBLIC GULLY. Near Waimangaroa Junction.
GREATFORD, Wellington. An agricultural and pastoral district, with post and telegraph office; 38 miles south from Wanganui by rail; in Rangitikei County. Coach runs to and from Bulls, four miles (fare, Is 6d single). Noted in the past as being the residence of the late Sir William Fox. Rangitikei River, 2 m. Nearest doctor at Bulls, 4 m.
GREAT MERCURY ISLAND. On east coast of Auckland, south of Cape Colville; 748ft high. Maori name is Ahuahu.
GREAT WAIRUA FALLS. Near Poroti.
GREENEY'S ROAD. Four miles from Amberley, a flag station on the Culverden railway. Named after D. Greeney, early settler. See Amberley, the postal office for here.
GREEN BAY. Picnic resort, Manukau Harbour.
GREENDALE, Canterbury. Near Selwyn River; 30 miles west from Christchurch. Rail" to Darfield, thence by mail coach daily 18 miles). Farming district. Good fishing in Selwyn and Horo-rata Rivers; and good shooting in river' bed. Excellent cycling roads. No board or hotel. Post, telephone and money order office. Soil fertile, and from the abundance of verdure the former part of its name is derived. Pleasantly situated on ground sloping from the N. The Rakaia plains, sloping from the S. form a valley, at the bottom of which flows the Selwyn River and being almost surrounded by rivers. it is called a dell or dale. From the Darfield-Greendale road a grand panoramic view of the Southern Alps may be obtained, and some glorious sunsets witnessed. On frosty mornings the Rakaia River may be seen by mirage. Nearest doctor lives at Darfield, 8 m.
GREENFIELD, Otago. A successful Government settlement. 67 miles west from Dunedin. In Bruce County. Rail to Waitahuna. thence mail cart tri-weekly (fare 5s), 14 miles; or rail to Balclutha. thence steamer up Clutha River. Post and telephone office. Named by the late James Smith in 1865 from its fresh and green appearance.
GREENHILLS, Southland. 12 miles south-west by rail from Invercargill: in Southland County. The district is mining, agricultural, and pastoral. Flaxmilling and sawmilling. Fishing is also carried on. Has a post and telegraph office. The bush here is very beautiful. Nearest doctor at Bluff. 5 m.
GREENHILLS. 24 miles S.W. of Kaikoura.
GREENHITHE. In Auckland Harbour. Sec Pine Island (correct name).
GREEN ISLAND. See Dobson.
GREEN ISLAND, Otago. Five miles south-east by rail from Dunedin. in Taieri County. Green Island and Abbotsford are the railway stations, the latter being the principal one. An old and thriving township and borough, including Burnside, which see. Has flourmills, lignite coal company, post office, and telegraph office at Abbotsford, half a mile. Is on the main road to Mosgiel and Milton. Very good roads for cycling. Has hotel and private boarding accom­modation. See also Burnside. Green Island has a large Presbyterian Church, the spire of which is a pleasing feature of the landscape, and there is also a small Church of England. Population 1867.
GREEN LANE. See Ellerslie, Remuera, on the Onehunga line, four miles from Auckland.
GREEN MEADOWS, Hawke's Bay. Four miles from Napier by daily coach (9d). In Hawke's Bay County. A suburb and farming district of Napier. Has post and telephone and money order office. Good cycling roads. One hotel and private boarding "is obtainable. Doctor at Napier.
GREENPARK, Canterbury. A dairy-farming settlement 17 miles south-west by rail from Christchurch. Good duck shooting and trout fishing at Lake Ellesmere, two miles away. No accommodation here. Roads good for cyclists. Post and telephone office. Creamery. Nearest doctor at Lincoln. Mails daily.
GREEN'S POINT. Originally called Tahunatorea Point, in Akaroa Harbour, where the British flag was hoisted on Aug. 14, 1840.
GREENSTONE, Westland. An old but small gold mining township, 20 miles south-east from Greymouth. Train to Kumara, then coach (Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Saturday) six miles (Is 6d); in Grey County. Has post office, and nearest telegraph office is at Kumara. On Greenstone Creek, eight miles from Lake Brunner. Gold ill-edging and alluvial mining. Nearest doctor at Kumara.
GREENSTONE. On west side of Lake Wakatipu, 5 miles below Kinloch.
GREENSTONE RIVER. Enters Lake Wakatipu at Greenstone.
GREENSTONE SADDLE. Head of Greenstone Valley.
GREENSTONE VALLEY. Leads from Lake Wakatipu towards Hollyford Valley.
GREENSTREET, Canterbury. In Ashburton County. Eight miles from Ashburton. No coach. An agricultural and pastoral district. Post and telegraph office. Is between the two branches of Ashburton River. Trout and eel fishing, and duck and rabbit shooting good. Nearest doctor at Ashburton, 8 miles.
GREENVALE, Southland. A small postal township in South­land County; 61 miles from Invercargill. Has post office, and telegraph office is at Waikaka, 5 miles 6"B. Rail to Waikaka, thence 5 miles. Greenvale former part of Greenvale run. Nearest doctor at Tapanui, 15 m.
GREEN VALLEY, Otago. 62 miles N.W. from Dunedin; in Waihemo County. Train to Palmerston, from there 22 miles by tri­weekly coach. Is on the coach route 1'almerston to Naseby, the coach now only running to Morrison's. this passes on Mondays, Wed­nesdays, and Fridays to Palmerston, and from Palmerston passes on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Agricultural township, with post office; and nearest telegraph office at Morrison's, 4 miles off. Named by early settlers because it was greener than the surrounding country. Nearest doctor at Palmerston, 22 miles.
GREERTON. See Tauranga.
GREENWOOD POINT. Near mouth of Motueka River.
GRETA, Canterbury. 60 miles from Christchurch by rail. Scargill 5 miles distant.
GRETA PEAKS. Sheep station, neat Motunau.
GRETA RIVER. On Waipaia-Cheviot road, near Motnnau.
GRETA VALLEY. See Motunau.
GREVILLE HARBOUR. On west side of D'Urville Island.
GREY LYNN. Arch Hill. A suburban borough of Auckland, in the Newton district, with a property valuation of about £807,017, and a population of 8000. Post, money order, and telegraph office. Auckland description applies, to which refer.
GREY MOUNT. 3055ft. Near Balcairn.
GREY MOUNT DOWNS. At foot of Grey Mount, near Balcairn.
GREY MOUTH (Maori name, Mawhera), Westland. A munici­pality and seaport. In Grey County. At the mouth of the Grey River, this is also called Mawhera (meaning to open out on to a level plain). Is the shipping port for all country from Reefton in the north-east to Hokitika in the south-west and Otira in the east. 3Q miles north-east from Ross, and 47 miles south-west from Reefton. which are the present termini of railway. The chief exports are coal, gold, and timber. Gold mining in all its phases (quartz, hydraulic, sluicing, and dredging) is carried on in the district. The exporting of these products makes Greymouth one of the busiest ports in the Dominion, and places it as the export centre of the West Coast. The chief industries of the town are cabinetmaking, brick and tile works, foundry and engineering works, cordial factories, two breweries, bacon factory, and whitebait factory. Harbour affairs managed by a Board. Berthing space, 2770 lineal feet. A tidal dock in Karoro Lagoon is being constructed, which will give an additional berthage of 2000 feet. 700 feet of this is now completed. A bar harbour, with an average depth of 21ft at high water on the bar. Average depth in river at high water. 19ft 7in. The Borough of Greymouth, with an area of 2000 acres, has an annual revenue of £21,000. the rate of taxation being 4^d in the £ on unimproved value. Cobden and Coal Creek Flat are suburbs on north-east side of the river. Borough has good municipal gas and water supply. There is an Acclimatisation Society, Hospital, and Education Board (for Grey District), three State schools, and Catholic school. Hotel accommodation from 5s to 10s per day, and private board from 20s to 30s per week. Half holiday held on Wednesday. Two daily papers, four banks, and a public library. Racecourse, recreation grounds, and trotting tracks. The principal business portion of the town is built on Maori lands, rents being paid to public trustee, who distributes them to the Maoris entitled to same. Passenger steamers bi-weekly to. and from Wellington, calling en route at Nelson and Picton. Communication overland with Christchurch daily; by rail 51 miles to Otira, then by coach 23 miles via Otira Gorge. Arthur's Pass and Bealey Gorge through scenery unsur­passed by any other coach drive in the world, to the Cass; thence by rail 74 miles to Christ-church. Communication by coach daily with inland townships. Roads are good in summer, and cycling trips to Nelson and Christchurch are in great favour. Trout fishing and shoot­ing in the Grey Valley. The mining centres (coal and gold), mountains, and lakes are all worthy of a visit, and can easily be reached by rail. In clear weather a splendid view of Mt. Cook and Glacier can be had from the Tip Head at the mouth of the river. Climate mild and dry in summer. There are five coal mines working within a radius of about 12 miles—namely, North Brunner (just started), Blackball (out­put daily about 800 tons), Brunner (output daily about 200 tons), Paparoa (output daily about 200 tons). State (output daily about 1000 tons). Population with suburbs. 12,500.
GREY RIVER. Large river fed by numerous tributaries. The port of Greymouth.
GREY STREAM. Tributary of Okuku River, Ashley District.
GREYTOWN. Wellington. Situated in the basin of the Ruamahanga River, in the Wairarapa Valley, nine miles from Featherston, and 53 miles north east from Wellington by rail. The centre of a large agricultural, pastoral, and timber district; with two sawmills, a dairy factory, cordial factory, and carriage works, which are the chief industries. Greytown is a well laid out borough town, with six miles of formed streets, and has an annual rateable value of property of about £10,000. A general rate of Is 3d. and a river water 6d. and library rate of Id. Population of town was 1123 at last census. The Bank of N.Z. has a branch here, and there is a tri-weekly news­paper and a Maori weekly newspaper, hospital, library, and a reading room, private club, etc. Several hotels and boarding houses supply good accommodation at usual rates. Half holiday held here on Thursday. Very good trout fishing and deer stalking. Post, money order, and telegraph office, and Town Hall. Local doctors. Town was named after Sir George Grey, then Governor of New Zealand.
GREYTOWN SOUTH. Now called Allenton, which see.
GRICEDALE. Near Cambridge, which is the nearest post office. Named after Mr Grice, of Melbourne, who owned the site.
GRIFFITHS, Nelson. Now Birchdale, which see.
GRIFFITHS HILL, near Te Arai.
GRINSTONE CREEK. 4 m from Orepuki.
GROPERS BUSH, Southland. A small farming village 25 m north-west by rail from Invercargill. Riverton-Nightcaps line. Nearest telephone office Fairfax, 2 m. On Aparima River. Nearest doctor at Riverton, 8 ½ m.
GROVE, Marlborough. A settlement at head of Queen Char­lotte Sound—which also see—27 miles from Blenheim and eight miles from Picton by steamer trading in Sound. Cheese factory.

GROVE BUSH, Southland. Farming village 15 miles north­east from Invercargill. Rail to Woodlands, thence six miles. Post and telephone office, with tri-weekly mail. Nearest accommodation at Woodlands, which see. Excellent trout fishing and shooting in season in this neighbourhood. Chief industry is sawmilling. Co-operative dairy factory. Nearest doctor at Invercargill.
GROVETOWN, Marlborough. 3 miles south from Blenheim by rail, which see. Market gardening and small farming. Nearest telephone office Blenheim, 3 m. One hotel. Nearest doctor at Blenheim.
GRUTS. See Orewa, also Wade.
GUIDE RIVER. Tributary of Acheron River.
GULCHE'S HEAD. In Preservation Inlet. An Invercargill syndi­cate do gold mining here with hydraulic plant.
GULLY BUSH. Waitohi Flat.
DUMMIES BUSH, Southland. A dairy-farming settlement, 30 miles north from Invercargill and 5 miles from Riverton railway station and 4 from Thornbury, which also see. Post and telephone office. Nearest doctor, Riverton.
GUMS (THE), Winchester.
GUMTOWN, Auckland. 98 miles south-east from Auckland, on Waiwawa River, and 8 miles from Mercury Bay. A regular steamer (fare, Is 6d) plies between Mercury Bay and Gumtown, meeting steamer at Whitianga from Auckland, Tuesday and Saturday; 100 gum diggers here. About 150 cutting timber. Pheasant, quail, and grey duck shooting. Plentiful board, 20s per week. Fair cycle road from here to Thames via Coromandel. Post, telephone, and money order offices. Coromandel County. Gold mining is also carried on. two batteries of the Welcome Jack and Kopowai mines working, named from kauri gum obtained in and around. Nearest doctor at Whitianga. 8 m.
GUNN LAKE. At head of Clinton River.
GUY MOUNT (4336ft). In Ashburton County.