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Wises 1912 Directory to Every Place in New Zealand D
DACRE, Southland. Farming district, 15 miles east from Invercargill. By rail to Woodlands, then hire, 4 ½ miles. With post office. Good pastoral land further back and lignite coal. Nearest telephone Woodlands, 4 m. Doctor Invercargill.
DAIRY FLAT, Auckland. Farming district, 17 miles north by coach (5s) from Auckland. Nearest telegraph office at Wade, five miles off. In Waitemata County. Mails tri-w«ekly—Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. Doctor at Birkenhead, 15 miles.
DAITONVILLE. See Tuapeka West.
DALEFIELD, Wellington. Splendid dairy-farming district. Has a dairy factory and post office, and is 60 miles by rail from Wellington; in the Wairarapa County. Telegraph office at Carterton, 2 m off. Little trout fishing and rabbit shooting. Doctor at Carterton.
DALGETY MOUNT. A peak in South Canterbury.
DALLINGTON. Post and telegraph office. See Christchurch.
DALMORE, Southland. Village settlement, 37 miles northwest by rail from Invercargill to Pahia station, also 14 miles from Riverton. In Wallace County. Called after first postmaster's farm "Dalmore." Post and telephone office for here is called Pahia, which see.
DALMORE TOWNSHIP. On the hill opposite Botanical Gardens, Dunedin.
DAMELL'S LAKE, near Cannibal Gorge.
DAMON'S BAY, Akaroa Harbour.
DAMPIER'S BAY, Lyttelton.
DANCER, Pukapuka. One of the Pacific Islands, which with Nassau lies away towards the north-east corner of the annexation boundary. Concerning Pukapuka, Colonel Gudgeon writes in the N.Z. Official Year Book, as follows: “At Pukapuka I found a very singular population, who have now some knowledge of the Rarotongan language, but whose language is not intelligible to the Maori of the Pacific. This is such a primitive people that I considered it advisable for the present to leave them under their own ancient form of government, inasmuch as they are seldom visited by Europeans, and produce only a little copra." The island is a small atoll of about three miles in diameter, and the lagoon produces some pearl-shell. The population numbers about 500. Nassau is owned by a resident of Apia, Samoa.
DANGEROUS CREEK. See Havelock.
DANIELTOWN. On the Aparima River, one mile from Gummie'a Bush, which see.
DANNEVIRKE, Hawke's Bay. About the year 1870 a movement was made by the Government of the day in this colony to induce immigration from Norway and Denmark, as the residents of these countries, it was considered, would make good settlers for a young country like N.Z. Special land was put aside for such settlers, and about 1872 the first immigrants from Denmark arrived, and were located all together at this place. The settlement, like other places, had its adverse times, but it has survived them all, and is now a thriving town 133 miles from Wellington, 80 miles south from Napier by rail direct. Is the centre of a large bush country—in the Forty-mile Bush. Has dairy factory, sawmills, two daily newspapers, and four banks. Post, telegraph, money order offices. In Waipawa County. Dannevirke is a borough town with an annual valuation of property of £30,000 and a population of about 4000. The rates are Is 5d in the £, and a water rate also of 6d; and is lit with gas. Cycling roads are fairly good. Private board is obtainable, and there are several hotels. Population 3374. Good trout fishing close to the town. It took its name from the village of Dannevirke in Schleswig, the scene of several engagements in the war with Prussia.
DARFIELD, Canterbury. A splendid, agricultural and pastoral district, with farms and sheep runs ; 30 miles west by rail from Christchurch. Junction for Springfield and Whitecliffs railway lines. Telegraph and money order offices, and is in Selwyn County. Roads good and level. One hotel, but no private boarding. Good shooting and fishing close to township. Has a doctor.
DARGAVILLE, Auckland. 102 miles north from Auckland, on the Wairoa River. Trains to Helensville, then steamer (64 miles) four times weekly (fare 17s 6d return). There is a railway to Kaihw Valley, which opens up all the inland townships. The surrounding country consists of bush, from which splendid timber is obtained, and there is a large export trade in this and kauri gum. Has two hotels, stores, two banks, bi-weekly and daily newspapers. Post, telegraph and money order offices. Steamer runs from here to Helensville, Port Albert, Pahi, and Tangiteroria. The district has the best pheasant shooting to be obtained in New Zealand, and the season generally is from May 1 to July 31. The Wairoa River is here a mile wide, and there is deep water right up to the banks, allowing vessels drawing 20ft to come up. Large areas of river flats, which make fine grazing country. Butter factories and creameries. Good trout fishing. Dargaville's Maori name was Kaihu. Opaneke, at the end of the railway line, had to be changed, henoe it took over the name of Kaihu and the original Kaihu changed its name to Dargaville, after a settler who founded the township. Ships and steamers of light draught can navigate 35 miles beyond Dargaville, or 70 miles from the mouth. It is the finest navigable river in New Zealand.
DARKIES TERRACE. 4 m N. of Greymouth.
DART GLACIER. Head of Dart River.
DARTMOOR. See Puketapu.
DART RIVER. Enters Lake Wakatipu at Kinloch.
DASHWOOD, 13 miles by rail from Blenheim.
DAVID ROCKS. In Hauraki Gulf.
DAVY MOUNT (3155ft), a peak of Paparoa Range.
DAWSON'S FALLS. Famous falls on Mt. Egmont, with good accommodation house. Reached from Elthani in two hours by horse conveyance, or in one hour by motor car. Connected with Eltham by telephone.
DAY'S BAY. A fine open bay on the eastern chore of Port Nicholson, distant six miles from Wellington (fare. Is return). A favourite seaside resort. This part of the harbour, which also includes Rona Bay and Muritai Flat (now known as Eastbourne Borough), lo the south of the bay, is gradually growing as a residential suburb, but is wanting in facility of communication. The bay proper has a shore frontage of three quarters of a mile of beautiful sandy beach, skirted by the county road from the Hutt to the 1'encarrow Head Lighthouse. Behind the road lies the Wellington Ferries Company's extensive grounds, covering over 200 acres of land. The front portion, which consists of one long Hat with two plateaus at the back, divided in the centre by a spur of the hills behind, has been nicely laid out in gardens and sports grounds, where hockey, tennis, cricket, &c., are played during the different seasons. There are also two large buildings conveniently situated, with pleasant outlooks over the harbour; one, the Pavilion, has a fine wide verandah around it which gives good shelter from the sun on hot days, and inside are luncheon and tea rooms; the other, the Day's Bay House, is well appointed in every respect for residential purposes. Visitors should not fail to see the reservoir, situated in a sylvan retreat in the south gully, or climb the centre spur, whence a magnificent view of the harbour and, on a clear day, of the snow-capped Kaikouras of the South Island may be obtained.
Other places worthy of a visit are Stony Bay, Maheno Bay. York Bay, having a fine, sandy beach, well sheltered, and safe for children bathing; Lowry Bay, the surrounding hills of which are dotted wit!) small caves; while on the eastern side of the bay exists a fine, sandy beach. Named after a settler called Day. The original name was Hautery Bay. Resident doctor. Telephone and post office.
DAY'S BAY. Near Skipper's Point, Pelorus Sound.
DEAD MAN'S BUSH. Between Fortrose and Waikawa.
DEAD MAN'S CREEK. See Giles Terrace.
DEAN MOUNT (Waipawa district). Canterbury; 1869ft.
DEBORAH. A flag station three miles from Oamaru, which see.
DEBORAH BAY. Near Port Chalmers. Named after one of the surveyors. Tuckett's ship anchored here in 1844.
DECANTER BAY. See Little Akaloa.
DEDWOOD. See Auckland.
DEEP BAY. See Brightlands.
DEEP CREEK, Marlborough. Known also as Woodstock. A quartz mining, agricultural, and pastoral district, 40 miles north-west by coach (Tues. and Sat.) from Blenheim. Telegraph office at Canvas-town, 6 m off. Has private boarding, but no hotel; is in Sounds County. Roads not the best, but fairly good for cyclists. Plenty shooting, deer stalking, and trout fishing. Doctor. 12 miles.
DEEP LEAD. Mining localities near Marsden. Merrijigs. and Notown.
DEEP STREAM, Otago. The best way to reach Deep Stream from Dunedin is by rail to Outram, then by mail cart to Clark's Tues. and Fri. (2s 6d). Deep Stream is situated on the old Dunstan road, about 22 miles from Outram or 42 miles from Dunedin. In the stream itself there is good trout fishing, and about the Upper Taieri there are plenty of wild ducks, and this place is a favourite resort for sportsmen. The Upper Taieri is about 18 or 20 miles from the stream and is teeming with trout, dark's Junction is seven 'miles off. Nearest telegraph office is at Outram. Trout do not take the fly readily here, but rise to the worm well after a fresh in the river. Good accommodation for sportsmen. Doctor at Middlemarch, 15 m. Deep Stream, so named by waggoners in the olden days, is very rapid and caused waggoners trouble in crossing.
DEEP STREAM SIDING. See Hindon.
DELMENY. See Woodgrove.
DENBIGH ROAD. See Midhurst.
DENLAIR. See Fordell.
DENNISTON, Nelson. 13 miles north-east from Westport. By train to Waimangaroa, then 3 ½ miles up a very steep hill on foot, horse, or coal waggons; or by road, suitable for buggy, from Waimangaroa Junction, 6 ½ miles. A coal mining township on the top of the Mount Rochfort plateau. Is the highest township in New Zealand. 1960ft above sea-level. From this plateau a magnificent view of the surrounding country can be obtained. Post and telegraph office, and in Buller County. Shooting is obtainable along the hill from Waimangaroa—pigeons and kaka. Denniston is lit by electricity. Local doctor. Named after late Robert Blair Denniston, who surveyed the Westport Coal Company's fields.
DESTRUCTION GULLY. Situation of leading lights Manukau Heads.
DEVERAUX ROAD, 21 miles by rail from Invercargill. See Winton.
DEVIL'S ARM CHAIR. Hill 26 m W. of Blenheim and N. of Wairau Valley.
DEVIL'S PUNCH BOWL. 400ft waterfall in Bealey Gorge.
DEVIL'S STAIRCASE. On Remarkables, between Kingston and Queenstown; a precipitous track 2532ft high.
DEVONPORT, Auckland. A municipality and residential suburb of Auckland, on the opposite side of the harbour; with a population of 7040. Ferry runs every half hour during the day with an hourly service during the night. Devonport is known as the North Shore of Auckland, and is to that city what the North Shore of Sydney is to that place, as both are similarly situated. It is a favourite residential suburb and has many fine residences. At Cheltenham, a mile distant, there is a splendid beach which has excellent facilities for bathing. A pretty drive is to Lake Takapuna, buses running from here at frequent intervals. Good sea fishing and boating are obtainable at all these places. The borough is lighted by gas, has an area of 640 acres, property to the annual value of £310.788. and an annual rate revenue of £2434. The rates are Is 9d in the £, exclusive of a water rate of 2 ½ per cent. The roads in the neighbourhood are very suitable and good for cycling; while good hotel and private boarding accommodation is obtainable at reasonable rates. Post, telegraph, and money order office.
DEVONSHIRE GULF. See Matanui.
DIADEM RANGE, Omarama.
DIAMOND HARBOUR, Lyttelton.
DIAMOND LAKE. Foot of Mount Earnslaw.
DICK MOUNT (6020ft). near Kingston.
DIEFFENBACH. Now called Te Weka, which see.
DILLMANSTOWN, Westland. Six miles from coast, one .mile from Kumara-Teremakau River, 5 miles from Kumara railway, and 16 miles from Greymouth. Coach to Kumara railway twice each way daily, fare 2s 6d. Gold mining—hydraulic sluicing on great scale, immense syphons sluicing for gold; of great interest to visitors. Several hotels. Roads good for cyclists. Post and telegraph office. In Westland County. Fishing in and shooting along the River Tere-makau. Greenstone is also found here. Named after Dillman (a storekeeper), the miners calling it Dillmanstown. Doctor at Kumara, 1 mile. Saw and flax mills.
DILLON RIVER. Is the largest in Nelson district. Flows out of Lake Thomson, a short distance west of the Clarence. In places, when flooded, it is a mile wide, but in the gorge below the Hanmer Plain is contracted to a few hundred feet. Native name, Waiau-ua, which see.
DIPTON, Southland. 37 miles north by rail from Invercargill. On Oreti River. Dairy factory, farming, and dairying. Good trout fishing. Good roads in summer. One hotel. Post, telegraph, and money order office, and registrar births, marriages, and deaths. Known long ago as Oreti. Doctor at Lumsden, 13 miles.
DISAPPOINTMENT ISLAND. To the W. of the Auckland Islands. It was on this island that the barque Dundonald was wrecked in March, 1907, and 16 of the crew were compelled to subsist on mollyhawks and seals for seven months, after which time they built canvas boats and got over to the depot for castaway sailors on the Auckland Islands. After five weeks at the depot they were rescued by the Government steamer Tutanekai at the latter end of November, having been seven months on Disappointment Island and five weeks on the Auckland Islands before being rescued. See also Auckland Islands.
DISPUTE COVE. O n S.W. of Kawau Island.
DISTRICTS. The colony is divided into quite a number of districts for various purposes. There are police districts, electoral districts, postal districts, hospital and charitable aid, judicial, militia and volunteer, provincial, Native, educational and school, sheep, land, acclimatisation, licensing, rabbit, forest, pastoral, thermal springs, mining, marriage, town, and road districts.
DOBSON Mount. A peak in South Canterbury: 6864ft.
DOBSON. Six miles by rail from Greymouth and one from Brunnerton. which see. There is an oil bore here down 2000ft. showing excellent prospects of good oil. See also Kotuku. Named after surveyor Dobson, who was murdered by the Sullivan-Kelly gang of bushrangers in the sixties. The large suspension bridge, which carries the line to Wallsend. 1 mile further on, starts here.
DOCTOR'S HILLS, Waikari.
DOG HILL. In Oronoko Range, North Canterbury.
DOC ISLAND. A small island ½ m long with lighthouse, in Foveaux Strait, which can be seen from the Bluff, 3 miles off. Telephone with mainland.
DOG TOWN. See Waterfalls.
DOMETT, Canterbury. Near Hurunui River, and five- miles from coast : 70 miles north-west from Christchurch by rail. Duck and hare shooting and trout fishing. Excellent roads. No hotel; private board, 25s weekly. A small agricultural settlement. Associated with Cheviot, which see. Post and telephone office. Situated 3 in from centre of Cheviot settlement.
DOMETT MOUNT. Twin peaks, Waitaki; near Kurow.
DOME VALLEY, near Warkworth.
DOMINION. New Zealand was raised from a "colony" to the status of "Dominion" on 26th September, 1907. Information on the Dominion will be found under "Government" and "New Zealand."
DONALD McDONALD. Mountain in Huia district, Auckland.
DONELLY'S CREEK. See Ross.
DONOGHUES. See Ross.
DORIE, Canterbury. 46 miles from Christchurch. Rail to Rakaia, thence 10 miles. Post and telephone office. Grain and sheep farming settlement. Splendid cycle roads. Duck shooting and trout fishing. No hotel or private board. Sportsmen and others usually bring their own tents, etc. Named Dorie by a resident named John McLean.
DORSET POINT. On western shore of entrance to Wellington harbour.
DOUBLE CONE MOUNT. Highest peak of Remarkables; 7688ft.
DOUBLE CORNER, near Amberley.
DOUBLE HILL. Upper Rakaia.
DOUBTLESS BAY. Situated north-east from Auckland. Mangonui chief settlement. The cable station at Doubtless Bay is the most northern of the Pacific cable, and fronts an expanse of gently shelving sandy beach. There arc no rocks in the track on which the cable is laid. From the sandy bay the cable runs in a curving line till Doubtless Bay is cleared, to avoid rocky patches. The Maori name of the locality is Opoe, from the Opoe Creek, a little stream which flows into the sea just by the cable station. The buildings of tne station, which are large, are in a cosy hollow backed by high, bare hills. Captain Cook visited here in 1769, and, when sailing out homeward bound, met D'Urville. French navigator, sailing in. Named by Captain Cook, who thought that Rangiawhia Peninsula was an island, and that he could sail right through to the open sea. Is a prohibited anchorage on account of cable.
DOUGLAS. 42 miles south-east from New Plymouth by rail, via Stratford. Has telephone and post office, boarding house, and store. Nearest doctor Stratford, 12 miles.
DOVEDALE, Nelson. On River Dove, 27 miles west from Nelson. Rail to Wakefield, then coach (2s 6d) Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. 10 miles, returning same day. Sheep, cattle, grain, and hop growing. Good turkey farm in district. Quail and rabbit shooting. Trout fishing. Roads fair for cycling. No hotel; private board, 20s week. Named by early settler after Dovedale (England). Two sawmills. Doctor at Wakefield, 10 miles. Nearest telegraph at Thorpe, 5 miles.
DOYLESTON, Canterbury. Two and a-half miles from Lake Ellesmere and 26 miles south by rail from Christchurch. Farming and dairying. Duck shooting on lake. Excellent cycle roads. One hotel; no private board. Post and telegraph office. Named after Doyle, a land owner. Doctor, 2 m.
DREVESS VALLEY. See Hikurangi.
DREYEE'S ROCK. Peak of raw limestone on Kopuaranga River, 2 m from Mauriceville.
DREYERTON, Wellington. Now called Kopuaranga.
DRIVING CREEK, Auckland. 42 miles north-east by steamer from Auckland, and two miles from Coromandel; in Coromandel County. See Coromandel. Entirely mining. Busses from Coromandel daily (6d). Post and telephone office. Doctor at Coromandel, 2 miles.
DROMORE, Canterbury. 47 miles south by rail from Christchurch, and six miles from Ashburton. A splendid farming district, part of the Canterbury Plain. Three miles from Fairfield Freezing Works. Post and telephone office. Named by early settler from Dromore (Ireland), who took up the first section. Doctor at Ashburton.
DRUMMOND, Southland. Between Jacobs and New Rivers, 28 miles north from Invercargill. Rail to Winton, then 10 miles by hire. Farming. Trout fishing, and turkey and pigeon shooting (three miles). Good cycling roads. Hotel, school, post and telephone office: also two stores. Mails daily. Called after Sir William Drummond Jervois.
DRUNKEN BAY. Between Rangitoto and Motutapu Islands, Auckland.
DRURY, Auckland. On sea coast, 22 miles south by rail from Auckland city, in Manukau County. Agricultural and dairying. Pheasant, quail, and duck shooting abundant and convenient. Coach for Bombay passes through. Good cycling roads. Private boarding obtainable at 4s per day. Has a public school, post, telegraph, and money order office. Noted for stone quarries at the hills. During the Waikato Maori war Drury was an important British position. Large brickworks; boring operations for coal also proceeding. Named after Captain Drury prior to Maori war. Local doctor. Pukekohe is 9 m from here.
DRYBREAD, Otago. An old mining township, 127 miles northwest from Dunedin. Rail to Lauder or Omakau, thence 6 miles. Is in Vincent County. There is an hotel and telegraph office at Matakanui. 3 miles off. Trout fishing and duck shooting in vicinity. Dry-bread is on Cemetery Creek. Named from remarks of a Russian Finn, who, after cradling for gold unsuccessfully, sadly said there was nothing but "dry bread" for him. This was in the days when 500 inhabitants lived in tents. Nearest doctor is at Blacks. 7 miles.
DRY CREEK. See Tarras.
DRYDENS BAY. See Queen Charlotte Sound.
DUCK RIVER. Connected with Whangamata River.
DUDDINGSTON. See Dunedin.
DUDLEY ROAD. See Inglewood.
DUFFER'S CREEK. See Granville.
DUKE'S ROAD, Otago. A railway siding two miles from Mosgiel, on the Mosgiel-Outram line; Mosgiel, two miles distant, is nearest post office and township, which see.
DUMBARTON, Otago. 91 miles north west from Dunedin. Rail to Lawrence, then daily coach 36 miles (12s 6d); in Tuapeka County. A farming and mining district; a post and telephone office. Doctor at Roxburgh, 5 m.
DUMGREE. See Seddon. There is a Government plantation here. DUNBAGK, Otago. A small farming settlement and township on the Shag River, 50 miles north-west by rail from Dunedin, via Palmerston, Monday, Tuesday. Wednesday, and Friday; leaves 8.15 a.m.; fare, 8s 6d and 4s 3d. Creamery. Peer, pigeon, rabbit, hare, and duck shooting. Trout fishing. Very good roads to Waihemo and Palmerston for cycling Private hotels. Post, telephone, and money order office. Is 24 miles from Hyde, which is the nearest point of Otago Central Railway. Nearest doctor at Palmerston, 9 miles.
DUNCAN'S VALLEY. The grove through which the Ada River flows, near Queen Charlotte Sound.
DUNEDIN. The chief city and port of the Otago Provincial District. Was founded, with the province, by an association under the auspices of the Free Kirk of Scotland in the year 1848, the first ships— the Philip Laing and John Wickliffe—arriving with the first settlers on March 23 of that year. The association had decided that the name of the then proposed town should be called Dunedin, plans having been previously drawn out in Edinburgh.
At first it was intended to name the chief town of Otago New Edinburgh, but at the suggestion of the late Mr William Chambers, the celebrated Edinburgh publisher, the present name was selected. Mr Tuckett, after a deliberate survey of all the available land in New Minister (South Island), fixed upon Otago, and to him (Tuckett) should be given credit for selection of site in 1844. then a run for wild pigs and a bare and silent waste. See also Port Chalmers. Anderson's Hay, and other present suburbs. The first surveyor who laid out Dunedin was Charles Kettle. He-reached here on February 23, 1846. The area was 1400 acres.
It is not surprising, therefore, that the streets of Dunedin are chiefly named after the streets of Edinburgh—even the town itself bearing the name of old Edinburgh, Dun-Edin, or Edin on the Hill. The principal street of Dunedin is Princes street (after the famous beautiful promenade of Edinburgh), other leading thoroughfares being George, Great King, Hanover, Frederick, Castle, and Queen streets, all after Edinburgh streets ; while even the old Canongate has been revered and handed down as a, hall-mark of memory for future generations. The suburbs also of Roslyn, Mornington, Musselburgh, Melrose, and cithers remind old settlers of Edinburgh, while the Water of Leith, the pretty fishing stream of Dunedin, conjures up pleasant recollections. A great portion of Dunedin, situated near the waters of the bay where most of the mercantile offices and stores are now located on level land, has all been reclaimed from the sea, the waters of the bay a-s late as 1863 lapping up to a portion of Princes street where what is known as the old Colonial Bank Building (now the Stock Exchange) now stands. It was on this side that Mr Kettle, the surveyor of the town, pitched his survey camp on the banks of the stream then there in 1846. The residential part of the city is chiefly on the hills, sloping upwards and overlooking the bay and harbour. a reserve of land called the Town Belt encircling the background of the town, which belt cannot be built upon or alienated from the inhabitants of the city. From the entrance at Otago Heads to Dunedin wharves by sea is about 13 miles, Otago Heads to Port Chalmers being six miles and from Port to Dunedin seven miles. The view from the steamer's deck coming up or going down the harbour on a fine day is very pleasing and compares favourably with the most beautiful of bays anywhere, as, although there is nothing grand or majestic, the bright green hills, sloping gradually up from the water's edge, with little farms and white buildings here and there, harmonise with the darker backgrounds, and make a very pretty picture. As the larger steamers can only come up to Dunedin at 'high tide passengers are frequently landed at Port Chalmers and come up the eight miles by rail, on the west side of the harbour, passing through the picturesque residential suburbs of Sawyer's Bay, St. Leonards. Burkes, and Ravensbourne. The visitor on arrival from steamer at Dunedin passes the Victoria Gardens, and reaches what is known as Custom House Square (wherein is a monument erected to the late Captain Cargill, one of the pioneers of the early settlement), at the intersection of Princes street. High street, and Rattray street. To the left, ascending High street, is the cable tram leading to the suburbs of Mornington, Maryhill, and Eglinton; facing is the cable car which ascends Rattray street to the borough of Roslyn and to Kaikorai Valley. Arriving by train, the visitor will be at once struck with the fine station buildings, which have only recently been built, at the foot of Stuart street. Leaving the station, the visitor ran either proceed by electric car to Custom House Square, close to which are the main hotels and post and telegraph offices^ or proceed up Stuart street a little distance, which brings him into the Octagon and Princes street. There is also a cable tram from the Octagon to Kaikorai Vailley. Passing along Princes street are the electric trams, which run to the right (north) through the business-centres of Princes and George streets to the residential portion of the city, on to North-East Valley, returning or going also by Castle street. The tram passes near the Museum, which is under the control of the University Council, and is about five minutes' walk from the University itself. Connected with the Museum there is an Art Gallery, which contains some good works of art. Further on the tram reaches Duke street, where the road to the left leads on to Nichol's Creek Waterfall by an easy walk of about three miles. Visitors to the falls will require to take their own refreshments, as nothing save fresh milk and fruit is obtainable within a mile or so of the falls. The falls themselves are of no height, but the approaches to them are through overhanging fern clad rocks and picturesque native bush. An entrance fee of 6d is charged at the entrance to Nichol's Creek. The tram line also passes the Botanical Gardens, which are beautifully situated and well laid out. From the centre of the city again, starting from the Post Office, electric trams connect with the suburbs of Caversham, South Dunedin, St. Kilda, Kew. Forbury, Ocean Beach. Andersen's Bay. Musselburgh, and also to St. Clair, facing the ocean, where there are good sea baths and surf bathing. Visitors should ascend by the cable tramway to Mornington, and returning take the cable tram from Rattray street to Roslyn. or from the Octagon to the Kaikorai, from which places will be secured grand views. A comfortable and not expensive way to see the surroundings is to hire an open carriage from the stand at the foot of High street for a drive round the Town Belt. The fare is moderate, and should occupy only an hour or an hour and a-half. Other places of interest are Portobello (on the opposite side of the bay), going by the upper road and returning by the 'ower road, when a very good view of the harbour on one side and the ocean beach on the other is to be seen. This trip will occupy the best part of a day. (See also Portobello.) A drive to Waitati or Blueskin by the North-East Valley road, and returning via Port Charmers by the lower road, which skirts the bay on the opposite side to that going to Portobello, is another favourite drive for both tourists and residents. (See also Waitati.) There is good hotel accommodation at both places. Outram and the Wairongoa Mineral Springs, passing en route the woollen factory at Mosgiel (where an interesting hour may be spent going over the factory, permission to inspect being given by card from the Dunedin office), is another drive that well repays the journey, as when crossing Saddle Hill the Taieri Plains, stretching away for miles, with well-kept farms and homesteads, brings into view some of the finest agricultural land in the colony. Very little shooting is obtainable near Dunedin save at rabbits; but these are plentiful enough within an hour's rail or driving. Within less than a day's journey by rail or coach, however, ducks, pigeons, swans, kakas (wild parrot), pukaki (swamp hen), and other native and imported birds, as well as red deer at Tapanui (which see) may be obtained in season by the sportsman. The rivers and streams throughout Otago are well stocked with trout, the Water of Leith at the north end of the city being the nearest stream patronised by local anglers; but there are many good trout streams within a few miles of the city.
The Hospital, situated in Great King street, is under the control of a Hospital and Charitable Aid Board. The infectious disease hospital is on a site near Lake Logan.
The first white child born in Dunedin was the son of John Anderson, surveyor, at Anderson's Bay, on September 10, 1846, and the second, the first girl, a daughter of Mr Kettle, chief surveyor, on March 3, 1847.
Dunedin is well supplied with elementary schools, there being six large schools in the city proper, and ten more in the suburbs. There is also in Dunedin a training college for teachers. The School of Art and Design is in Moray place. The Otago Boys' High School is a handsome pile of buildings standing on a commanding position overlooking the city. The school was opened in 1863 in the building at present occupied by the Girls' High School. The present boys' school was opened in 1885. The Girls' High School was opened in 1871, and was the first Girls' High School in the Australasian colonies. A new building has been erected, being only completed in 1910. The Otago University was founded in 1869, and opened in 1871. There are four separate faculties in the university—viz., art and science, law, medicine, and mining. A Dental School, the money for which was subscribed by the dentists of the colony, the Government subsidising £ for £, is situated in Union street. This school is the only one of its kind in N.Z., and provides a full course for the dental student, extending over a period of four years. The School of Medicine provides the full course for the medical degree of the University of New Zealand. There is a Medical Museum in the University Buildings containing anatomical, pathological, and other preparations and models. The School of Mines, which occupies a separate building, grants diplomas and certificates in mining, metallurgical, geological, mine and land-surveying, and the assaying divisions. The University Library contains over 5000 volumes, and is open to the public for reference. The chemical and physical laboratories are well fitted up and furnished with all necessary appliances.
The Presbyterian Church of Otago and Southland has a Residential Theological College, erected on the heights of Opoho, overlooking the city—a magnificent building called Knox College. A hostel for women students on the same lines as Knox College for men is called St. Margaret's. The Anglicans have a Selwyn College, a training school for their students. A fine building is the Technical School in Moray place; there are many teachers and a large number of pupils on the roll. Of church schools the Roman Catholic Convent (ladies' school) is the largest in the colony; the Church of England also has a collegiate school. The Industrial School is situated at Caversham. The Dunedin Athenaeum and Mechanical Institute possesses a good library and reference library with good reading and smoking rooms. There is also a Public Library, for which all the money was granted by Mr Carnegie. Dunedin has numerous fine church buildings, the chief of them being those belonging to the Presbyterian Church of Otago and Southland. First Church in Moray place (so called because it is the congregation of the first church opened in the settlement in 1848), Knox Church in George street, St. Andrew's in Walker street, and North Dunedin are all Presbyterian— the two former being the largest in Dunedin. The Congregational Church is in Moray place (off Princes street), the Wesleyan in Stuart street, the Baptist in Hanover street, the Tabernacle and Independent in Great King street, the Roman Catholic Cathedral on the hill in Rat tray street, the Anglican Pro-cathedral in Stuart street at the Octagon, and All Saints' and St. Matthew's complete the list of chief churches. There are also churches of the denominations in all the suburbs. There are many fine specimens of architecture in Dunedin. some of the buildings of the insurance companies, banks. Stock Exchange, and commercial houses having an air of solidity. Art Gallery and Early Settlers' Association buildings adjoin each other in Cumberland street. The First Church and Knox Church (both Presbyterian) are two of the finest looking buildings
There are three theatres (His Majesty's. Princess, and Alhambra), and there are also halls, chief of which are the Garrison Hall (in Dowling street). Burns Hall (in First Chinch Grounds). Art Gallery Hall, and Early Settlers' Hall. Winter Gardens, gifted by Mr Robt. Glendining to the city.
The population of Dunedin and suburbs is 59,899.
Dunedin, as a manufacturing centre, has more industries than any of the other cities nf New Zealand. The principal works are the iron foundries, rolling mills, and sash and door factories, &c. Range making employs a number of hands, there being four firms in the city engaged in this trade. Cycle engineering is another industry, the local article comparing favourably with the best imported. There is a paper mill near to the city at Woodhaugh and rope and twine works at Caversham. The products of the two large woollen mills of Dunedin are well known works of their kind; the mills are at Kaikorai and Mosgiel, and employ several hundreds of hands. There are some half-dozen breweries, clothing factories, several fruit, meat, and fish preserving works, chemical works, soap and candle factories, sawmills, cordial and aerated water manufactories, fellmongeries, coffee and spice works, biscuit factories, &c, Bootmaking for the whole-sale trade is another very important industry, and gives employment to a very large number of hands.
Cyclists will not find Dunedin itself the best of places for cycling owing to the hills. Favourite runs are—St. Clair. Woodhaugh, and North-East Valley; and further afield Portobello, which is reached by a perfectly flat road running along the east of the harbour for some 14 miles (see Portobello) : also the various places on the Taieri Plains, the roads on the plains being level for miles in all directions are splendid for cycling. Many cyclists take the train to Mosgiel (the commencement 6f the plains) to avoid the hills between there and Dunedin. Private boarding houses are numerous at moderate rates, from 16s to 30s per week; and there are many good hotels, both licensed and temperance.
From Dunedin the Cold Lakes and the Glacial District of Otago, including Lakes Wakatipu, Wanaka, Hawea, Manapouri, and Te Anau, Milford Sound, and Sutherland Falls, are most conveniently reached. Reference has been made to these places as to route and fares under their various headings.
The newspapers published in Dunedin we the Times (daily, morning), the Star (daily, evening), and the Witness (weekly); there is also the Outlook (Presbyterian Church newspaper, weekly), besides other weekly Hid monthly publications.
Here Wise's Directories have their chief offices, in the A.M.P. buildings in Princes street (corner of Howling street), from which , emanate the famous NEW ZEALAND POST OFFICE DIRECTORY, which was first issued in 1872, and then every two years, but now issued yearly (21s), containing Directories of over two thousand towns and townships and cities of New Zealand, with an Alphabetical Directory and a Trades Directors' for the whole of New Zealand
DUNGANVILLE, Westland. At junction of Maori Creek and New River, six miles from coast, and 16 miles south-east by coach daily (4s) from Greymouth. This is the terminus of main road, which is a good run for cyclists, but a 4ft horse track leads from here to Maori Gully. Gold mining—tunnelling, ground sluicing, and hydraulic—is the sole industry here, and only on a small scale, as, although the district is rich in" this mineral, water is scarce and too expensive to bring from surrounding terraces. Five business places and two hotels. Telephone at Marsden, 6 m. Known also as Maori Creek.
DUNKELD, Otago. Known as the Beaumont (which see); on Molyneux River; 72 miles west from Dunedin. Rail to Lawrence, thence coach daily. 12 miles: fare 4s. Lawrence and Roxburgh coaches pass daily. Good trout fishing. Wild cattle, pig, and duck shooting in neighbourhood. Being in the neighbourhood of the Blue Mountains, is much visited by deer stalkers in the season. One hotel; private board, 20s. Tuakepa County. An agricultural, pastoral, and fruit growing district. In the early days was a mining district.
DUN MOUNTAIN. Copper' deposits. 14 miles from Nelson. Named from the colour of the rock—dunite.
DUNOON. See Broad Bay.
DUNROBIN, Otago. A small agricultural township 34 miles from Invercargill by rail. Is a telephone office in connection with Heriot. Nearest doctor at Tapanui, 15 nr.
DUNSANDEL, Canterbury. 25 miles south by rail from Christ-church. Farming district. Trout fishing in Selwyn (two miles). Good roads One hotel; no private board. Climate healthy and dry. Telephone and money order office. Nearest doctor at Southbridge 12 m.
DUNSTAN. See Clyde.
DUNSTAN CREEK. Now called St. Bathans, which see.
DUNTROON, Otago. 28 miles north-west from Oamani by rail. A farming and pastoral district: in Waitaki County. Post, money order and telegraph office. On Waitaki River; good trout fishing handy. Maori writings on the white rocks here are worth inspecting. Good hare shooting. Named after Duntroon in Scotland. Doctor at Ngapara. 12 miles.
DURHAM ROAD, Taranaki. A railway siding 19 miles from New Plymouth, on the New Plymouth-Wanganui line, and 2 m S. of Inglewood. Two chains from junction of the Durham and Mountain roads and close to Maketawa, which has a bi-weekly mail service to and from Inglewood. Nearest doctor at Inglewood.
DURIEHILL. Part of Durietown, Wanganui.
DURIETOWN. See Wanganui. Part of same.
DURIEVALE. Part of Durietown, Wanganui.
D'URVILLE ISLAND. Situated north-east of Marlborough Province. Is separated from the mainland by a small passage called the French Pass, which is the narrow strait between the south part of D'Urville Island and the mainland, affording communication between Admiralty Bay and Blind Bay, its narrowest part being 550 yards across at high water; a reef of rocks, however, extends from D'Urville Island about 400 yards, leaving a clear and straight channel of only 140 yards. Steamers use this passage going to and from Nelson and Wellington, thus saving about 40 miles from going outside the island. Connected by telephone with Stephen's Island and a cable connection with Elmslie Bay. Named after T. D. D'Urville, a French scientist who visited here in 1824. Sea also French Pass.
DUSKY BAY (or Sound). Sealing was carried on here as far back as 1792 by sealers from New South Wales. It is in the Sounds District, at the south of the South Island. Was sighted by Captain Cook on 13th February, 1770, and named by him in the dusk of the evening. On his second voyage, on March 26, 1775, he entered it. Called also Dusky Sound. The excursion s.s. Waikare (Union Company), with 270 passengers and crew, was wrecked as it was leaving the sound on 4th January, 1910, striking an uncharted rock. No lives were lost, passengers and crew being brought to Bluff by the warship Pioneer, which was lying at the Bluff.
DUVAUCHELLE, Canterbury. A township having a post, money order and telegraph office ; situated at extreme end of Akaroa Bay ; is remarkable for its beautiful scenery, and possesses a splendidly sheltered harbour. Its industries are almost entirely dairying and sheep-fanning. It is seven miles from Akaroa (to and from which there is a coach, 3s return), and is in Akaroa County and Akaroa and Wainui. Rural District, both offices being here. It may be reached from Christchurch by railway to Little River 36 miles, and then 12 miles coaching. Coaches run three days a week—Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday at 8.40 a.m., returning same days at 2 p.m.—and the fare is by coach 5s. Steamer from Lyttelton visits every Tuesday and Friday at 10 p.m.. returning again at once. Sea fishing. Onawe is worthy of a visit, it being the place where the South Island Maoris made their last stand against the North Island Maoris. Good roads, but rather hilly for cycling. Cocksfoot is grown in great quantities on summit of the ranges. Peninsula Saleyards; sale day being the first Friday in the month. One hotel, and visitors can get private board also at 25s per week. Post and telegraph and money order office. Nearest doctor Aknioa. 7 miles.
DEVAUCHELLES PEAK (2469ft). near Duvauchelle.
DYER'S PASS. On Christchurch-Governor's Bay road, Port Hills.
DYERVILLE. Featherston Co. 67 mile's north-east from Wellington. Rail to Featherston, thence coach to Martinborough, thence mail cart 5 miles. Close to Ruamahunga River. Good trout fishing. Centre for deer stalking. Two cheese and one butter factory. Post and telephone office.
DINAMITE PEAK (3000 feet high), at head of Mahakipawa Creek. near Cullensville.