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Wises 1912 Directory to Every Place in New Zealand B


BABYLON, Auckland. 107 miles north from  Auckland; on Kaihu River. Rail to Helensville (38  miles), steamer to Dargaville (83 miles), thence rail five miles. See also Helensville and Dargaville for time-table and fares. Mails arrive and close daily. Post and tele­phone office, stores, public school, and flaxmill here, the surrounding country being taken up by settlers. Good pheasant and duck shooting-. Nearest doctor at Dargaville, 5 m. 
BACK CREEK. Near Hokitika. 
BACK LEAD. See Charleston. 
BACK RIVER. Newly-settled district near Mangonui. 
BAGTOWN. Close to Globe Hill. Owing to houses being patched with bags. See Globe Hill. 
BAINESSE. A railway siding 10 miles from Foxton and four miles from Oroua Downs, which is nearest post office. Named after a farm of Mr C. Simpson, who gave, the name after his home in Britain. 
BAINHAM, Nelson. On Aorere River, 75 miles from Nelson, Steamer to Collingwood, thence by driving 10 miles. Collingwood County. Timber and mining (sluicing). Extensive operations are being commenced for sluicing eight miles up river at Quartz Ranges by Collingwood Goldfields Co. Scenery excellent at Boulder Lake, and good fishing and shooting. Post and telephone office; mails arriving and departing Tu and Fr. Nearest doctor at Collingwood. 
BAKER'S CROSSING, A railway siding 15 miles south from Wanganui, one mile from Fordell; on the New Plymouth-Wanganui line. Fordell is the nearest post office, which see. Named after J. W. Baker, an early settler. 
BAKERSTOWN. Suburb of Woodville. 
BALCAIRN, Canterbury. A rail and postal station 30 miles north from Christchurch and four miles from Amberley. A sheep and agricultural district; in Ashley County. Is on River Kawai, and named by first settler after Balcairn, in Scotland. Post and telephone office: mails daily. 
BALCLUTHA, Otago. A borough and county town situated on Molyneux River (the town being known unofficially merely as the Clutha), is the centre of an extensive farming district, and is per­haps noted chiefly throughout the colony as the first town in the colony to carry no-license many years ago, and has been successfully maintained since. The town is well lighted by gas. Several stores, temperance hotels and boarding houses. Two banks—N.Z. and National post, telegraph, money order, savings bank, and Govern­ment offices. Branch line railway connects with Catlin's River. Small paddle and motor steamers trade up the river for about 40 miles bi­weekly with stores, returning with grain. Sheep and cattle sales held here fortnightly. Two bi-weekly papers—Leader and Free Press. County Council meets monthly. Balclutha is on the main line Dunsdin-lnvercargill rail; 53 miles south from Dunedin and 87 miles north from Invercargill. Half-holiday held on Wednesday. Popula­tion of borough about 1400. Name given by the Otago Association— " Bal," a town, on Clutha, the latter being Gaelic for Clyde (Glasgow's river).
BALD HEAD.31 m from Wellington Head (Great Barrier). 
BALD HILL. A height near Mauku. Scene of battle, 1863.
BALD HILL FLAT, Otago. 114 miles south-west from Dunedin; two miles from Molyneux River, and 60 miles from Law­rence. Rail to Alexandra, then coach, 9 m. An old gold mining dis­trict. Farming Post and telephone office. Named by first surveyors from a round, bare hill near. Nearest doctor at Alexandra, 9 miles. 
BALEINE POINT. East head of Port Levyr Banks Peninsula. 
BALENA BAY. In Evans Bay, Wellington. 
BALFOUR. Sheep station near Pahiatua. 
BALFOUR, Southland. A farming settlement with three stores and one hotel; 68 miles north from Invercargill and 126 miles west from Dunedin; on Waimea Plains railway. Good roads in summer. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Mails daily. Named after a former chief surveyor of Otago. Nearest doctor at Lumsden, 10 m. 
BALIG. Near Pahiatua. 
BALL PASS, Mount Cook. 
BALL ROAD. Taranaki. 12 miles from Hawera or 60 from New-Plymouth by rail. This is the station for Alton (2 m), which is the P.O. Named after J. Ball, early settler, who had farm at southern end. 
BALLARAT TERRACE. Near Giles Terrace. 
BALLAN CE. Wellington. 116 miles from Wellington; in Woodville County. Rail to Pahiatua, thence by coach (Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday) seven miles; 2s 6d and 4s. Trout fishing and fair shooting. Good roads for cyclists. No hotel; private board. Post, telephone, and money order office. Dairy factory. Is on Mangahao River. Named after the late J. Ballance, a former Premier of New Zealand. Nearest doctor at Pahiatua, 7 m, connected by tel. 
BALMORAL. A railway siding 62 miles south from Christchurch and five miles from Medbury, on the Christchurch-Culverden line. Medbury is the nearest post office, which see. Named after estate which railway runs through. 
BALMORAL, South Canterbury. 60 miles north-west from Timaru. Rail to Fairlie, thence coach (tri-weekly summer, weekly winter). Post and telegraph office. Sheep country. 
BALMORAL. See Waitahuna West. 
BANKS PENINSULA. The most prominent coast feature in Canterbury Province, in which are Akaroa Harbour and Lyttelton Harbour. L'Anglois, a French whaler, claimed to have purchased from the Natives, in 1840, the whole peninsula for a few guns, etc. Hempleman, a German captain of whaler, was said to have purchased in 1835 all the peninsula from Natives. The early settlers, about 1836, were a mixture of French, English, and Maoris, and about half-dozen Ger­mans. Named by Captain Cook after Sir Joseph Banks, who was with Captain Cook in the Endeavour, 1769. In 1840,'59'French and 6 German immigrants arrived in ship Compte de Paris to take pos­session of land sold by Captain L'Anglois to Nakto Bordelaise Co. See also Akaroa. The whole peninsula has now many settlements, and is a great district for growing cocksfoot grass seed. Banks Peninsula was surveyed by H.M.S. Acheon in 1850. 
BANKSIDE, Canterbury. 31 miles south from Christchurch by rail. Five miles from Rakaia. Farming. Good hare and rabbit shooting, and fair roads for cycling. Trout fishing in Rakaia River, 3 ½ miles distant. Has no hotel, but has a post office. Nearest telephone office, Rakaia, and nearest doctor there, 5m. 
BANNERDOWN, near Fernside, Canterbury. 
BANNOCKBURN, Otago. 155 miles north-west irom Dunedin, on Kawarau River. Rail to Clyde, coach to Cromwell (5s, 13 miles), then four miles by trap. Gold mining—sluicing, dredging, and quartz; also two coalpits; one hotel, no private board. Roads inferior for cycling. A trip among the various mining claims wouid interest most visitors, and the view from the top of the Carrick Range, midway between Bannockburn and Nevis (seven miles), which can be got to by trap or horseback, is really splendid. Post and telephone office, with daily mail service. Named by first Govern­ment surveyors after the celebrated place in Scotland. Nearest doctor at Cromwell, 4 m. 
BANNOCKBURN, near Gladstone, Wellington. 
BAREFALL MOUNT. Highest peak on range between the Acheron and Awatere Rivers. 
BAREHILL, near Waikaka. 
BAREWOOD, Otago. A railway siding and mining settlement 37 miles south-west from Dunedin, on the Otago Central railway. Taieri County. Quartz reef mine two miles and a-half, and Hibernian Sluicing Co. four miles. Post office, with daily service. Nearest telegraph office Middlemarch, 12 miles distant. Barewood is at the summit of the Otago Central railway gorge, and a day spent here is not easily forgotten. The Taieri River zig-zags in its course at the back of the railway station. The Rock and Pillar, a famous range of mountains, lies some 12 miles away, snow-capped nine months of the year. The name Barewood is very appropriate, for as far as the eye can see there is nothing but native grass and volcanic rocks, some as high as 30ft and of various shapes. Barewood is noted for its invigorating climate, being some 820ft above sea level. Visitors would have five hours to spend, and could return by train to Dunedin, or go on to Middlemarch, as there is no accommodation at Barewood. Named by first Government surveyors (see above). Nearest doctor at Middlemarch, 12 m. 
BARING HEAD. - Flat tableland point, S;E. of Wellington Heads. 
BARKLY, Southland. A small timber milling and farming settle­ment 22 m North by rail from Invercargill (Lady Barkly station]. Mails; daily. Post and telephone. Nearest accommodation at Winton, three miles distant, which see. The Oreti River (half a mile distant) affords splendid trout fishing. 
BARRETTS REEF. Cluster of rocks at entrance of Wellington Harbour. 
BARRHILL, Canterbury. On the- right bank of the Rakaia River, 47 miles from Christchurch, or 10 miles by road from Rakaia. Rail to Lauriston, then six miles' walk. Farming. Good hare and duck shooting. Roads fair for cycling. Has post and telephone office, and daily mail service; but no hotel or private boarding. Named by J. Cathcart Wason, after Barrhill, his old Scottish home. Nearest doctor at Rakaia, 10 m. 
BARRIER (CAPE). South of Great Barrier Island. 
BARRIER ISLAND, see Great Barrier Island. 
BARRIER RANGE. West side of Dart River, Southland. 
BARRY'S BAY, Canterbury. 47 miles south-east from Christchurch. In Akaroa Harbour. Rail to Little River, thence by mail coach daily to Akaroa (7s 6d and 5s) or steamer from Lyttelton. Cocks­foot seed, farming, cheese-making, and dairy-farming. Boarding house, 20s weekly; no hotel. Good roads for cycling. Deep sea fishing and hare shooting. May be reached also by steamer from Lyttelton (Tu, Th, and F) to Pigeon Bay, then coach. Nearest doctor at Akaroa, 10 miles. Post office and telephone. Named after the first settler here. 
BARRY'S PASS. Summit of road between Akaroa and Little River; also known as Hill Top. 
BARRYTOWN, Westland. 20 miles north from Greymouth; in Grey County. No coach. Bush and timber district. Good pigeon and kaka shooting. Roads hilly. One hotel. Gold sluicing on extensive scale. A blow up of ground for sluicing by a company has commenced here; it cost about £15,000 it is said. If the ground proves payable there is a flat to be worked from eight to nine miles long, and about one mile in width—almost better ground. There are three other large companies at work here also, some of them having expended £12,000 already ; and there are four other large companies which intend bringing a large quantity of water for sluicing between here and Greymouth, one of which has about 20 men at work. Post and telegraph office. 
BARTLETTS CREEK, Wairau Valley. 28 m W. of Blenheim. 
BARTON'S ROCK FERRY. Crossing of Wairau River, 22 m W. of Blenheim. 
BASALT HILL. See Maerewhenua. 
BASTINGS. See Rae's Junction. 
BATLEY, Auckland. In Otamatea County; on Otamatea River. Kaipara Harbour, 77 miles north-west from Auckland, and formerly known as Oahau. Rail to Helensville, then steamer, bi-weekly, Tuesday and Friday, 44 miles; 7s 6d single, 12s return. Fishing and fish canning and meat preserving. Bad roads for cycling. No hotel or board. Post office, with mail service outward and inward on Tuesday and Thursday. Nearest telegraph office Pahi, nine miles distant. Copper lodes are known to exist in and adjacent to the township, and a prospecting syndicate has unearthed a rich vein of almost pure native copper, situated about one mile and a-half up the river from Batley. There are extensive beds of shale, with good indications of coal on the Batley Estate and elsewhere near. Name changed by late Captain Colbeck (who purchased the land) about 1877, after Batley (England), where he owned woollen mills. Nearest doctor at Maungaturoto, 14 m. 
BATON, Nelson. A sheep-farming district 44 miles north-west from Nelson. Bail Wakefield, coach tri-weekly to Stanley Brook, 22 miles (5s), then 7 miles; or rail to Tapawera, thence 11 miles. Mail arrives and closes on Wednesdays. An accommodation house here; no store. A coach to Thorpe on Tuesdays, then 12 miles by mail van on Wednesdays (2s 6d). Thorpe nearest telegraph office. On the Baton River. Named after and by an early settler. Nearest doctor at Stanley Brook, 7 m. Good fishing and deer stalking. 
BAXTERS. A railway siding 13 miles from Greymouth. See Kokiri. 
BAY OF ISLANDS. A well sheltered bay to the north-east of Auckland, so-called from the numerous small islands with which the bay is dotted. Settlements—Russell, Opua, Waitangi, Keri Keri, Taumerere, etc. The harbour is admitted to be one of the best harbours of the world, ranking, it is said, with Sydney and Rio. The Rev. Mr Marsden, the first missionary minister, arrived in 1814 (before which it was unsafe) in the Active from Sydney with 18 Europeans, among whom were Hall (a shipwright) and King (a rope spinner). Du Fresne, a French explorer, visited here in 1771. but was killed and eaten by the Maoris. Gilbert Mair, a Scotchman, was the first settler to arrive here in 1824. The first British Resident (official), Mr Busby, arrived here 1833. Mr Colenso (with the first printing press) 1834, and Charles Darwin (on the Beagle) visited here in 1835. The next year (1836) 116 whaling and sealing vessels visited the bay. In July, 1840, a French frigate called here on way to Akaroa to take possession of Middle Island on behalf of a French company. On March 24, 1845, 200 men of the 58th Regiment left Auckland by H.M.S., North Star for this place, where they on arrival attacked the Maoris, under Hone Heke; but the enormous force of Maoris was too strong; for them. Desperate fighting took place, and 38 of their number were killed, and many wounded, before they returned to Auckland to await reinforcements. 
BAY OF PLENTY. An extensive bay on the north-east coast of the North Island, in the Auckland Provincial District. It was so named by Captain Cook, because here the Natives liberally supplied him with fruits, water, etc. For particulars see Auckland Province. The chief places on the bay are Tauranga, Maketu, Whakatane, and Opotiki; and the coast inland is Maori country. 
BAYONET PEAK MOUNT. On shore of Lake Wakatipu, 5213ft. 
BAY PEAK MOUNT. Behind Halfway Bay, Lake Wakatipu; 5494ft. 
BAY TOWN. A town board district formed of Anderson Bay (which see), near Dunedin. 
BAY VIEW. One mile south of Clifton, which see. 
BAYSWATER. 6 m from Otautau. 
BEACH BAY. 8 m from Queenstown. 
BEACH STREET. See Waikouaiti. 
BEACON HILL. Outer signal station of Wellington Heads. See Seatoun and Worser Bay. 
BEACON POINT. Maori settlement near Tikinui. 
BEACON ROCK. Rock with beacon off Jackson's Head. 
BEACONSFIELD, Otago. A dairy-farming settlement 2 miles from Merton and 22 miles north from Dunedin. Rail to Evansdale, thence two miles; in Waikouaiti County. No board accommodation here. Mails daily. Nearest telegraph office, Evansdale, 2 miles. Doctor at Waikouaiti, 9 miles. 

BEACONSFIELD, Canterbury. Situated 5 miles from Timaru. Another name for Pareora, which see. 
BEACONSFIELD. Gold mine near Waimangaroa. 
BEACONSFIELD, Wellington. See Cunningham’s. 
BEALEY, Canterbury. 88 miles from Christchurch. Bail to Broken River, then by coach Tuesday, Thursday, and Satur­day (30s), returning Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Half­way stopping station on road between Greymouth. and Christchurch. Over 2000ft above sea level; on Waimakariri River. Hotel, and post, telegraph, and money order office. Good road for cycling, but very mountainous. Good hare, kea, and goat shooting. The glaciers at the source of the Waimakariri River are well worth visiting. Mount Rolleston and glacier situated seven miles from Bealey. The Otira, Gorge is situated 12 miles from the Bealey, and coaches pass through it on above-named days, connecting with train at Otira railway for Greymouth. The Bealey, for position, is as a drop in a teacup. On other side, and away to the north and south, the mountains tower high up in the heavens, and seem to leave the comfortable hostelry in perpetual shadow. Facing it, and guarded by V clump of pines looking 200ft downwards, runs the River Waimaka­riri—a broken stream, whose bed at this point stretches at least a mile across. Passengers now get through between Christchurch and Greymouth in one day, dining here, arriving either end at 8 p.m. Named, when surveyed, after a former superintendent of Canterbury Province. BEALEY GLACIERS. Source of Waimakiriri River, 14 m from Bealey. 
BEALEY GORGE, near Bealey. Devil's Punch Bowl here; also waterfall 400ft. Bealey River flows through this gorge. 
BEAN ROCK. Entrance to Waitemata Harbour.                                                    
BEATRIX BAY, Marlborough. 19 miles from Picton. Sounds, steamer calls occasionally. Sheep stations. No post office here; nearest post office at Wakatahuri. Is 26'm from Havelock. 
BEAUMARIS. Sheep station, near Masterton. 
BEAUMONS MOUNT. Peak in Pelorus Sound, 1800ft. 
BEAUMONT, Otago. 72 miles from Dunedin, on the Molyneux River. Rail to Lawrence, then daily coach 12 miles (4s). Post and telephone office, and mails arrive and depart daily. See Dunkeld, which was formerly the post office name. Nearest doctor at Lawrence 12 m. 
BEAUMONT. Situated near Masterton; sheep station. 
BECKINGHAM. A portion of Heathcote Valley (which see), in Canterbury district. 
BECKS, Otago. 125 miles north from Dunedin. Reached by rail to Lauder, then coach 5 miles (2s 6d) tri-weekly, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Farming and rabbit packing, pigeon and hare shooting, and trout fishing: Cycle roads good. Post and tele­graph office. Maniototo County. Named after early settler (Beck) about 1867. Doctor visits Weekly from St. B^thans,-125miles; Situated on the Manuheriki River: Fishing and shooting good. 
BECRUCIS MOUNT. A peak in Southern Alps.
BEDSTEAD GULLY. See Collingwood.
BELFAST, Canterbury. Eight miles north by frequent trains daily from Christchurch. Belfast Freezing, Silkstone Soap, and Chemical said Manure works are chief support of township. One hotel and several boarding houses. Roads fair. Post, telegraph, and money order office. Close to River Waimakariri, where is good fishing. Nearest doctor at Papanui, 6m
BELFIELD, Canterbury. On north side of Orari River; 22 miles from Timaru. Rail to Orari, then horse three miles. No shooting or fishing. Fanning (wheat and potatoes). Roads very good for cycling. It is a village settlement, and has a post office, but no hotels. Nearest telegraph Orari, 3 m; and doctor at Geraldine, 4m
BELCROVE, Nelson. A sawmilling (three mills) and hop-growing settlement; 23 miles south by rail from Nelson'; in Waimea County. Mails arrive and depart daily. One hotel and one store. No private board accommodation. Main road to Nelson is good for cycling. Excellent stag shooting, also quail shooting and trout fishing. Post, telegraph, and money order office. 
BELL BLOCK, Taranaki. On the sea coast; five miles north-east by rail from New Plymouth and has railway station; in Taranaki County. Farming and sheep. Two butter factories. Coach running between New Plymouth, Fitzroy, and Waitara passes here daily at 11 o'clock; Is 6d return, Waitara. Good salmon trout fishing, also pheasant and hare shooting at about three miles distant. Good roads for cycling. Has a post and telephone office. Named by an early surveyor of "block" of land after himself. Nearest doctor at New Plymouth, 5 miles. A stockade was erected here during the Maori war. On November 6, I860, Mahoetahi Hill was surrounded by 150 Maoris, 84 of whom were killed and wounded, and all repulsed. 
BELL HILL, Westland. 31 miles from Greymouth. Rail and coach to Nelson Creek, thence 12 miles. Nearest post and telegraph office is Nelson Creek, 12 miles. 
BELL VIEW. Sheep station near Makikihi. 
BELLE VIEW. See Marsden Point. 
BELLS. A railway siding 22 miles from Christchurch and two miles from Fernside, on the Christchurch-Oxford line. Rangiora is the nearest post office, which see
BELL'S FALLS Waterfall at foot of Mt. Egmont. 
BELL'S ISLAND. In Hauraki Gulf, 23 m from Auckland. Now known as Pakatoa and used as an inebriates' home, controlled by Salvation Army.
BELMONT. A railway siding 12 miles north from Wellington, three miles from Lower Hutt, on the Wellington-Napier line. Lower Hutt is the nearest post office which see. Picturesque holiday resort Hutt Valley
BELMONT, Southland. 71 miles north-west from Invercargill. Rail to Otautau, then by mail cart (40 miles) to Mangapiri. thence one mile. Clifdeh, 17 miles distant, is nearest telegraph office, and Mangapiri is nearest post office. Fishing in the Waiau and Wairaki Rivers; and mining on Waiau River. 
BELVEDERE, Wellington. 61 miles north-east from Wellington. Rail to Carterton, thence three miles. Wairarapa S. County. Post office, with daily mail service. Nearest teleg office, Carterton. Named by Thos. Hooker, in 1857, as appropriate. Nearest doctor at Carterton, 3 m. 
BENDIGO, Otago. 169 miles north-west from Dunedin. Bail to Clyde, then by coach, 21 m. In Vincent County. Mining and agricultural district. With post office, but the nearest telegraph office is at Tarras, six miles off. On Clutha River. Good shooting and fishing. Named by first miners after Australian town. Nearest doctor at Cromwell. 14 miles. 
BENGER BURN. See Ettrick. 
BENHAR. A railway siding 48 miles from Dunedin; two miles from Stirling, on the Dunedin-Invercargill line. Stirling is the nearest post offices, which see. Benhar is noted for its pottery works and lignite pits. 
BENIO, Southland. 54 m N.E. from Invercargill. Bail to Otikerama, then 4 m. Roads inferior for cycling. No shooting or fishing. Benio (an Australian name) was given by first settler, and means "clear water." Nearest telegraph and doctor at Pukerau, 4 m. 
BEN LOMOND. See Maerewhenua. 
BEN LOMOND MOUNT. Overlooks Queenstown; 5747ft. 
BENMORE, Southland. 32 miles from Invercargill by rail. Fishing in Oreti River. On Oreti. River. Named by first runowner, Mr M'Lean, after Benmore, Scotland, near which he came from. Mountain of same name, 5987ft high. Post and telegraph office. 
BENMORE. Otago. See Omarama. 
BENMORE. Lies to S.W. of Kaikoura, and is 4800ft high. 
BEN NEVIS. A peak in Hector Range, 7650ft. 
BEN OHAU. A range in the Southern Alps. 
BENNETTS BLUFF, Lake Wakatipu. 
BENNETT'S, Canterbury. A farming district. With railway, post and telegraph station. 36 miles north-west from Christchurch; Ashley County. Lies between "Waimakariri and Ashley Rivers. No hotel or boarding accommodation here One store. Daily mail. Named by Railway Department after an early settler. Nearest doctor at E. Oxford, 6 m. 
BENTLEY'S POINT. Near Teatrai. 
BERGHANS POINT. Headland off Doubtless Bay, near Mangonui. 
BERHAMPORE. A part of Wellington City, containing the southern portion of Adelaide road and adjacent streets. Post and telegraph office. See Wellington City. 
BERLINS, Nelson. A mining settlement 20 miles east, by coach daily (7s 6d) from Westport. An accommodation house. No store or business save mining and dredging. Mails daily. Teleg at Inangahua Junction, 7 m. Named by P.O. after an early resident. Nearest doctor at Buller River, 20 m. 
BERNARD MOUNT. West Coast of South Island. 
BERWICK, Otago. A dairy-farming settlement four miles from Henley and 29 miles south-west from Dunedin; on the banks of the Waipori River. No conveyance from Henley, which is the nearest railway station. Dairy factory, two stores, and boarding house. No private board. Excellent cycle roads in district. Good shooting and fishing on Waipori Lake. Tri-weekly mail. In Taieri County. Has post and telephone office. Nearest doctor at Outram, 10 miles. 
BEUCKVILLE. See Nelson. 
BEXLEY. A railway siding five miles from Sheffield; three miles from View Hill. On the Sheffield-Oxford line. Oxford is the nearest telegraph office. The Bexley post office is on the main road from Sheffield to Oxford, about one mile and a-half from View Hill siding, and 3 m from Oxford W, where doctor is. Mail service tri­weekly. 
BIDEFORD, Wellington. Near Taueru River; 86 miles north from Wellington. Rail to Masterton, thence coach (Tues. and Sat. 2s 6d), 15 miles. Trout in river. Sheep-farming district. Very good roads. No hotel. The Mungarai Falls should be visited, within 20 minutes' walk. Post office, with bi-weekly service. Named after town in Devon (England) by early settler. Nearest telegraph office and doctor at Masterton, 15 miles. 
BIG BAY. See Martin's Bay. 
BIG BEACH. Near Arthur's Point. 
BIG BEN MOUNT (Malvern district), Canterbury. 4646ft high. 
BIG BROOK. At Waipu, a branch of Waipu River. 
BIG CREEK. Near Capleston. 
BIG DAM. See Goldsborough. 
BIG FLAT. Near Martinborough. 
BIG GREY. See Little Grey Junction. 
BIG KING. See Three Kings. 
BIG OMAHA. 51 miles from Auckland by steamer (5s); or rail to Wayby, thence 3 miles. In Rodney County. Fruitgrowing and dairying. Creamery. Nearest telegraph, Matakana, 2 miles; and doctor at Warkworth, 9 miles. 
BIG PADDOCK. 3 m from Hokitika. 

BIG RIVER, Westland. 65 miles from Greymouth. Rail to Reefton. thence 18 miles. Nearest telegraph office, Reefton. Mails arrive Tues and F, and depart same days. Is a quartz mining locality on the Big River. Nearest doctor at Reefton 18 m. 
BIG SWAMP. Settlement near Brighton, Westport. 
BILLHOOK PEAK, Canterbury; 4586ft. 
BINGSLAND. See Christchurch. 
BINSER MOUNT. Near Cass, West Coast road; 6096ft, 
BIRCHFIELD, Nelson. Half-mile from coast and 13 miles north-east by rail from Westport. Gold mining—quartz and alluvial— sawmilling. and iron founding. Has no hotel. Post office, with daily service, telephone, and boarding house. Nearest doctor at Grantiy, 4 m. 
BIRCH HILL, Marlborough. 39 miles south-west from Blenheim by bi-weekly coach. Sheep farming. Telephone office at Wairau Valley, 14 miles. 
BIRCHWOOD. Near Invercargill. 
BIRD HILL. Near Ongaruhe River. 
BIRDLINGS' FLAT, Canterbury. 31 miles by rail from Christ-church, or five from Little. River by rail. See Posanui, which is the post and telephone office. Named after overseer (Birdling) of Rhodes's station, who took up land here. 
BIRD ROCK. Near Cape Brett. 
BIRDS. New Zealand birds are not now very numerous, but they ate strikingly different from other countries, and more interesting than those of any country of the same size. A striking feature is the flightless land birds, which are not found anywhere else. Of these the kiwi is the most extraordinary, and there are four species, only one of these being known in the North Island. The kiwi is peculiar in the fact that though about the size of an ordinary fowl, it lays an egg as large as a swan or an albatross. The rails.—Striped rail or swamp crake, and water crake, the pukeko or swamp hen, and the weka or Maori hen (four species), no flying wings. hebons are of four kinds and are similar to those found elsewhere. waders.—Two of these are peculiar to N.Z.—the sand plover and wry-billed plover—but snipe, dottrel, godwit, knot, sandpiper, and stilt are found elsewhere. pigeons.—the only kind is the N.Z. fruit pigeon. 'GAME is represented by N.Z. quail, now very scarce, ducks (two, the flightless duck of the Auckland Islands and the Blue Mountain duck), the flying paradise duck, brown duck, shoveller, and black teal. hawks are: quail hawk, bush hawk, and harrier hawk, the two first found only in N.Z. owls, only two, morepork and laughing owl, the latter found only in N.Z. parrots are: kakapo or ground parrot, flightless though possessing large wings ; kaka or brown parrot, and kea or mountain parrot, all found only in N.Z. kingfisher, only one. cuckoos, two. In addition to the above there are the crows in South Island (2), the huia in North Island, the saddleback, native thrushes (2), robins (2). tomtits (2), N.Z. creeper in South Island, native canary, tui or parson bird (one of the finest native song birds), bellbird (called korimako), wrens (2), the rifleman (the smallest of the native birds), wax eye fern bird, grey warbler, ground lark or pipit, and fantail (three kinds) complete the list. Many of these native birds are fast diminishing, and in a few years will be extinct, but it is proposed to set aside an island for their preservation. British birds are plentiful, having been acclimatised some years ago, but they thrive best in the South Island. Of the sea birds the most wonderful is the penguin, found at Stewart and Auckland Islands, the mutton bird at Stewart Island, which is used by the Maoris as food when preserved. The gulls, terns, shags, petrel, and albatrosses are much the same as on other coasts. BIRKDALE, Auckland. A suburb of Auckland situated on an arm of the Waitemata River. Fruit growing district. Good schnapper fishing and pheasant shooting. Cycle roads fairly good in summer. This being part of the Birkenhead Borough and at its extreme western end, and only four miles from Birkenhead Wharf and three miles from this point to the City of Auckland there is at present no necessity for stores beyond those situated in the more populous part of the borough until there Tire more settlers. There is a public school with three teachers and about 90 scholars. A daily postal delivery and post office. Daily papers are delivered. The journey from Birkenhead brings into view the whole of the City of Auckland, the waters of the Waitemata, and scenery not to be surpassed in the Southern .Hemisphere.' Steamers and launches.ply frequently from Auckland. 
BIRKENHEAD, Auckland. A suburban borough with a popula­tion of 1500, including Birkdale and Chelsea, also a fruit-growing district three miles from Auckland by ferry. See Auckland for descriptive matter. Post and telegraph office.
BIRMINGHAM. See Campbelltown and Kimbolton
BISHOPDALE, Nelson. Two miles by rail from Nelson. Stoke is the postal office, which see. Theological College of the Anglican Church is here. 
BISHOPS, Otago. A farming district and post office in Bruce County; 60 miles south from Dunedin. Rail to Balclutha, thence seven miles by hire. Mails arrive and close Tues and F. Telephone. Named after an early settler, about 1867. Nearest doctor at Balclutha, 7 m. 
BLACKBALL, Westland. The headquarters of the Blackball coal mine; 16 miles north-west from Greymouth. Rail to Ngahere, thence two miles coach—twice daily; 2s return. Three stores and three hotels here. Daily mail, also telegraph and money order office. Resident; doctor. 
BLACKBALL. On Pelorus River, 2 m from Havelock, Marlborough. 
BLACKBALL CREEK. Near Craigieburn station, Canterbury. 
BLACKBALL MOUNT. Peak of the Paparoa range; 3992ft. 
BLACKBRIDGE, Wellington. Ten miles from Wellington. Rail to Lower Hutt (where teleg office is), thence 2 m by Taita coach, which meets trains. In Hutt Co. The chief support of the settlement is market gardening, while the surrounding district is a pastoral one. Called after an early settler. 
BLACKBRIDGE. Maori settlement 2 m from Greytown N. 
BLACKBURN, Hawke's Bay. 61 miles south-west from Napier. Rail to Waipawa, then 12 miles coach (4s return) to Onga Onga, then mail cart 10 miles (3s return). Post, telephone, and money order office. Mail service Tues and Fri. Waipawa Co. The chief support of settlement is sheep farming, cattle, and dairying. A good part of the surrounding district is pastoral. Pheasant, quail, and native game shooting. Is between two rivers, Waipawa and Tuki Tuki. Nearest doctor at Waipawa, 20 m. 
BLACK FOREST. See Burke's Pass. 
BLACKHEAD. A cliffy point on East Coast of North Island. 
BLACK HILL. Near Waikaka. 
BLACK HILL, Ashburton Co; 6708ft. 
BLACKMOUNT, Southland. 77 miles north from Invercargill. By rail to Otautau, then 42 miles coach—Saturday (12s 6d).j No accommodation here. A pastoral district, with a few settlers along the Waiau River. Most picturesque route to Lake Manapouri (20. miles) and Lake Te Anau (35 miles). Post and telegraph office. 
BLACKNEY POINT. At entrance Rangaunu Bay, Auckland Peninsula. 
BLACK PEAK. Near Shotover River; 7576ft. 
BLACK POINT, Otago. 22 miles by rail from Oamaru. See Awamoko and Duntroon, which act as postal offices for here. 
BLACK ROCKS. Situated off Cape Palliser. 
BLACKS. Bee Ophir. 
BLACK'S POINT, Nelson. A coal and quartz mining town­ship 1 ½ miles from Reefton by coach and 48 miles from Greymouth. Several batteries at work in and about township. One hotel here and two stores. Telephone to Reefton. Named after first settler here. Mails daily. On eastern bank Inangahua River. Doctors at Reefton. 2 in.
BLACKSTONE HILL, Otago. Known also as Hill's Greek. 106 miles north-west from Dunedin. By rail to Ida Valley Station. In Maniototo County. Post and telephone office; mails arriving and departing daily. There are two coalpits in the district, which is agricultural and pastoral. Flourmill in settlement. Named by first! surveyor from the range of "black stone" hills. Nearest doctor at St. Bathans, 7 miles. 
BLACKWATER, Westland. 43 miles from Greymouth. Rail to Ikamatua station, thence 14 miles by coach daily. Post office. Nearest telegraph office at Ikamatua, 14 miles distant. Quartz reefs have lately been discovered here, and are likely to prove valuable. Plenty of shooting. Nearest doctor at Totara Flat, 10 miles. Named as above and being higher up the river. 
BLACKWOOD BAY, Queen Charlotte Sound. 8 m from Picton. 
BLAIRICH RANGE. Runs parallel to Awatere River. 
BLAND BAY. Separated from Whangarei Harbour by neck of land 300 yards wide. Is a whaling station. 
BLANDVILLE, Canterbury. A farming district 17 miles south from Christchurch. Rail to Springston, thence one mile. One hotel here. Excellent cycling roads in vicinity. Called after Bland, an old settler. 
BLENHEIM. The capital of the provincial district of Marlborough (originally a part of Nelson province but separated in 1860 and created a province in itself same year). Province is named after the Duke of Marlborough and Blenheim from battle of same name. Is situated on Wairau Plain, at the junction of Opawa and Omaka Rivers, and is 18 miles from the port of Picton with which it is connected by rail. The town is very flat and is well planted with deciduous and evergreen trees. Is well lighted by gas and supplied with water, chiefly by artesian wells. Coaches connect with Kaikoura, Jordan, Wairau Valley, and Nelson. Excellent trout fishing in Waitohi and Opawa Rivers and good red deer stalking and pig shooting in Pelorus Valley. There are two daily newspapers. In 1860 Blenheim, with a population of 300, saw the establishment of its first newspaper, the Malrborough Express. Four banks, with all public offices. Half holiday is held on Wednesday. Population, 4477. Several good hotels, from 6s to 10s per day, and private boarding houses from 20s to 30s weekly. Freezing works, three flour mills, two breweries, three malt houses, several flax mills, a rope and twine works, and other industries are all carried on in vicinity. Blenheim is an old borough town; became a borough in 1869, with Mr F. J. Litchfield as first mayor; and has 18 miles of formed streets, and property of an unimproved value of about £303.654. The rates are: General, 2fd; special, 5-16d, hospital, 1 13-16d. Gas is supplied by the corporation at 12s 6d per 1000ft, less 2s 6d discount; for cooking, 6s 8d per 1000ft nett. There are several State, church, and private schools, two excellent! private clubs, and a working men's club; also a racing club, as well as various sporting, athletic, musical, and other social clubs and societies in the town. The agricultural show under the auspices of the Blenheim Agricultural and Pastoral Society is held annually, and the Horticultural Society's show each season. The Wairau Hospital and Charitable Aid Board supervise and manage all work connected with public charity. The only railway here is between Picton, Blenheim, and Flaxbourne. Trains run daily. From Blenheim to Nelson, a distance of 78 miles is a good metalled road nearly the whole way. An excellent coach service has been established for some years between these places: a journey of 11 hours; 25s single, 40s return. Coach for Have-lock, 28 miles distant; fare, single 7s 6d, return 12s. Molesworth coach, distance 71 miles; fare, 20s single, 40s return. Blenheim being, as mentioned before, very flat, there are some excellent cycling roads in vicinity and throughout, the district. Good fishing and shooting. Blen­heim was originally called Beavertown or The Beaver. In 1847 there were but three dwellings on the present site. 
BLIND BAY. The bay at the head of which Nelson is situated. The first ships with settlers anchored here in 1841. See also Nelson. 
BLICH SOUND. Near Milford Sound. In 1842 a sealing schooner visited it and found a Maori camp at the head. Again, in 1850. the Admiralty survey ship Acheron visited it and found the Maori camp at the head. 
BLIND BAY. The bay at the head of which Nelson is situated is at the mouth of Waimea River. So named by Captain Cook on March 31, 1770. At one time it was frequently called Tasman Bay, in. compliment to Abel J. Tasman, who discovered it on December 13, 1642. Cook wrote: ''Between Cape Stephens and Cape Farewell the shore forms a large, deep bay. The land at the bottom, next the sea, is low, and therefore not easily to be distinguished from it. I have for this reason called it Blind Bay." On January 16, 1827, D'Urville sailed across Blind Bay to near Mackay's Bluff at Wakapuaka, seven miles from Nelson, on the east shore of Blind Bay, when two canoes full of splendid Maoris came" on board. The first ships with settlers anchored here in 1841. See also Nelson. 
BLIND BAY. Small bay N. side of Banks Peninsula. 
BLIND BAY. On Great Barrier Island. Weekly steamer from Auckland. See Great Barrier Island. 
BLIND RIVER, Marlborough. A small Government settle­ment 16 miles south from Blenheim, bounded on the north by Cliffords Bay and in the east by Lake Grasmere, a large lake noted for its wild ducks and swans. Mails arrive Tuesday and Thursday 6.30 a.m., Saturday 10.30 a.m., and close Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday 4.30 p.m. Post and telephone. The railway opened 1911. Shooting is available on Lake Grasmere, one mile distant. Situated on the sea coast. Grain growing and sheep farming chiefly carried on the settlement being fairly hilly. Lighthouse here. 
BLOWHOLE. A cave in Manukau harbour. 
BLUE CLIFFS. See St. Andrew. 
BLUE DUCK. Glacier at head of Dart Elver, Lake Wakatipu. 
BLUE KNOB. Highest peak in Picton Hills, lying to the south of Picton. 
BLUE MOUNTAIN. A peak in South Canterbury. 
BLUESKIN. See Waitati. 
BLUE SPUR, Otago. Gold mining township, 3 miles 'bus (Is) from Lawrence, and 63 m from Dunedin. Gold sluicing claims in operation here. Telephone connects with Lawrence. Hotel, store, and post and telephone office; daily mail service from Dunedin; rest of settlement miners. Nearest doctor Lawrence, 3 m. 
BLUFF, Southland. A borough town, known as Campbell-town borough, with a population of about 1796, 17 miles south by rail from Invercargill. The chief port and harbour for Southland Does a very large shipping business, and derives additional importance from being the first and last port of call for Hobart and Melbourne steamers. Vessels drawing any draught of water can enter harbour at high tide, and drawing 28ft of water can be berthed at wharf. Berthage accommodation 3735ft, and having from 14ft to 31ft at low 
•water spring tide. There are two freezing works (capable of freezing from 600,000 carcases between them), busy in season, and several wool and grain agencies kept busy here (an extensive grain export being done); fishing and oyster companies, etc. Oyster fishing and exporting to Australia, London, South Africa, and locally is an important in­dustry with this port in season, while the annual export of flax is of considerable value. The s.s. Theresa Ward makes trips across 1 the strait to Half moon Bay, Stewart Island, on Wednesday, 10.15 a.m., returning same afternoon; fare, 7s 6d return. Has a bank and post, telegraph, and money order offices and telephone exchange. 
•The signal station hill here is well worthy of a climb, as it is an easy gradient and can be surmounted within half-an-hour from the foot. Of the fern flora of the colony one-fourth may be gathered on the hill. The view from the top of signal station (855ft above sea level) on a clear day is very fine, an excellent view of the straits, Stewart Island, and the mainland being obtained. The road around the head of the bay from the pilot station, called Ward's parade, is a very attractive place for visitors, opening out as it does on to Foveaux Strait and to the open ocean on the one side, whilst on ' the other side the slopes of the hills contain some beautiful bush. It is said that the native vegetation here is the most varied and finest in the colony, and to the botanist it is particularly attractive. Excellent sea fishing—moki, trumpeter, groper, blue cod. etc.,—obtain­able by going out with the fishing cutters. Swan, duck, and swamp hen shooting, in season, within three or four miles. Roads for cyclists in Bluff are bad, but the run from here to Invercargill is very fair. There are several hotels and hoarding houses here, the latter 18s to 20s per 
•week. From the Ocean Beach here the telegraph cable goes to Lee Bay, Stewart Island. Named from the high hill to the S.E. of town. On the first discovery of Bluff Harbour the name of Port Macquarie was given to it in honour of Governor Macquarie, of New South Wales, and even as late as 1841 maps of that date bore the name of Port Macquarie, and not the Bluff. Doctor resident here. The Maori name was Awarua. 
BLUFF. A headland on Waikato River, near Whangarata. 
BLUFF. 9 m from Greymouth. 
BLUFF. Situated near Barrytown. 
BLUFF HILLS (Malvern district), Canterbury. 
BLUMINE ISLAND. See Te Weka, close to which it is situated. 
BLYTH MOUNT. A peak in South Canterbury. 
BOANETAONE, or BOWENTOWN. Now called by the Maoris “Otawhiwhi," adjacent to Katikati Heads, or north entrance to Tauranga Harbour; on a bay with deep water frontage, good channel, and safe anchorage. A government township was laid out here about 1876, but was not successful. Athenree acts as post and telegraph office for this place. 
BOAT HARBOUR. Sumner Estuary, Canterbury. 
BOATMANS. See Capleston.                        
BOAT ROCK, Akaroa.                 
BOBS COVE. On N.W. shore of Lake Wakatipu, 10 m from Queenstown.   
BOLD PEAK MOUNT, On Humboldt Range; 6990ft; Lake Wakatipu. 
BOMBAY, Auckland. A farming settlement 29 miles south from Auckland. Rail to Drury, thence coach daily, seven miles: 2s 6d return. Roads fair for cycling. Is situated on the Great South road. Post, telephone, and money order office. Named after the ship Bombay, in which most of the first settlers came from Britain. Nearest doctor at Pukekohe, 5 m. 
BON ACCORD HARBOUR. About the middle of Kawau Island. 
BONNY DOON VALLEY. Few miles west of Rockville, near Collingwood. BONNY GLEN. A railway siding 130 miles from New Ply­mouth, six miles from Turakina. On New Plymouth-Wanganui line. Turakina is the nearest post office, which see. Named by early settler after his home in Scotland. The glen is not visible from railway, but is worthy of its name. . 
BONPLAUD MOUNT. Overlooking Kinloch. Humboldt Range; 8102ft,
BORNE TOWN. See Waihi. 
BORTON'S, Otago. 24 m N.W. by rail from Oamaru. 4 m from Duntroon, and m from Waitaki River, where there is good fishing, also good shooting in neighbourhood. Roads good for cycling. Agricultural and pastoral. Named from first owner of station land. Malls daily. Telephone. Nearest doctor at Ngapara, 7 m. 
BOSCAWEN MOUNT. A peak of Southern Alps; 5825ft. 
BOSSU MOUNT, Akaroa harbour; 2399ft. 
BOSWELL. See Mosgiel. 
BOTTLE LAKE. See Marshland. 
BOULDER BANK. Natural breakwater to Nelson harbour, on which is lighthouse. Farming settlement. Nearest P.O. 

BOUNTY ISLANDS. 6 m from Gore. A group of 13 islands, which belong to N.Z. about 415 miles from Port Chalmers and to the north of Antipodes Islands. There are no inhabitants. The Government steamer visits twice a year, and there is a depot with stores on the principal island for shipwrecked mariners. 
BOVIS MOUNT. A peak of Paparoa Range; 4094ft. 
BOWEN PEAK MOUNT. Adjoins Ben Lomond; 5600ft high. 
BOWENTOWN. Almost unknown now, as some years ago it reverted to Native land and the name became extinct. The nearest post office is Athenree, 4 miles distant. Is in Bay of Plenty. 12 miles from Waihi. A favourite summer camping ground for Waihi residents. Splendid sea fishing. 
BOWLING ALLEY BAY, Great Barrier Island. P.O., Fitzroy. 
BOYLE RIVER. Running between Canterbury and Westland 
BRABAZON MOUNT (Upper Rangitata district), Ashburton; 
5879ft   .                      - - 
BRACKENS GULLY. 5 ½ m from Arrowtown. BRACO, Canterbury. A suburban portion of Christchurch two miles from the city by bus.
BRADSHAWS TEREACE. Gold diggings, near Westport. 
BRAEBURN, Nelson. 27 miles. north-west from Nelson, by coach, daily (8s return). Waimea County. Situated on Moutere River. The meaning of Braeburn is Hill and River. Coaches from Nelson to Riwaka pass through here. Roads good for cycling. No hotel, but accommodation can be obtained from 18s to 25s per week. Post office. Daily mail. Nearest telegraph at Moutere Lower, three miles. Named by H. A. Hordaway from its site between burn and brae Scotch folk being early residents. Nearest doctor at Motueka, 7 m. 
BRAETON (Soldiers' Creek). Generally known as Soldiers' Creek. A small settlement formed by the employees of the Paparoa Coal Mining Company, about 23 miles from Greymouth. Rail to Ross, then bridle track about 3 miles. 
BRAIGH. See Waipu. 
BRANCEPATH. See Taueru. 
BRANDS TOWN. See Springston. 
BRANXHOLM. A railway siding nine miles from Invercargill, three miles from Makarewa Junction. On the Invercargill-Orepuki line. Wallacetown is the nearest post offices, which see. Named by the late John Grieve after a farm he leased from the Duke of Buccleugh in Scotland. 
BRAVO ISLAND, Otago. The most southerly island in New Zealand, off Stewart Island. See Paterson's' Inlet. Named by a Portuguese whaler (Bravo), who settled here and brought up a large family. No residents now. 
BREAKER BAY, Wellington. A seaside resort, 10 minutes walk from Seatoun tram terminus. Good beach. No accommodation. See Seatoun. 
BREAKWATER. See New Plymouth. 
BREAM BAY. On E. coast of Auckland peninsula. 
BREAM HEAD. On E. coast of Auckland peninsula, at entrance to Whangarei Heads. 
BREAM TAIL. Bold headland between Mangawai and Waipu. 
BEIDAL VEIL FALLS. Near Te Mata, Raglan. 
BRIDGEWATER. A coal mining district near Mercer. 
BRIGGS GULLY. A pleasure resort in South Canterbury, near Pareora. 
BRICHTLANDS, Marlborough. A sheep-farming settlement 53 miles from Blenheim. Coach to Havelock (7s 6d), thence steamer, 27 miles, 5s (with mail). Is situated in an extensive bay on Pelorus Sound coast line; god sea fishing, and also shooting (deer, wild pigs, and pigeons). Scenery unsurpassed in the Sounds district. Telephone at Elaine Bay, 5 miles. Nearest doctor at Havelock, 28 miles. named by early settler (J. Mills) from its sunny aspect. 
BRIGHTON, Nelson. On the sea coast and Fox's River. 24 miles from Nelson across Blind Bay. Coach from there to Charles­ton on Tuesday and Friday, 17 miles (5s), then 9 miles by horse (10s). Gold mining, sluicing and beach working, and farming. Scenery up Fox's River very beautiful. Accommodation house, but no hotel. Postal name now changed to Tiromoana. Nearest telegraph office Charleston, 9 miles distant. Named by early settler from its site resembling Brighton, England). Nearest doctor and tel. office at Charleston. 
BRIGHTON, Otago. A favourite seaside resort 12 miles south from Dunedin. Train to Abbotsford, then six miles by coach, Conveyance will meet trains on receiving one hour's notice by telephone. Good beach for bathing. Boarding at reasonable rates. Roads fair for cycling. There is a butter factory, flax mill, rope works, coal pit, and lime kilns, while farming is also carried on. Post and telephone officer Mails Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Good fishing, shoot­ing, and boating. Named by early settlers from its site facing ocean, after Brighton (England). Nearest doctor at Green Island. 6 m. During summer months a drag leaves Dunedin on Sundays, returning same day. 
BRIGHTON CAVE. Near Brighton. Westport. 
BRICHTWATER, Nelson. A farming settlement 12 miles south from Nelson by rail on Wairoa River. Post, telegraph, and money order office. In Waimea South County. The surrounding district is mostly agricultural, fruit, and hop-growing. Popular picnic resort. Deer shooting and trout fishing in season. Has a butter factory, sawmill, and flaxmill. Named by a railway surveyor from the river water being very clear and good. Resident doctor. 
BRINN'S POINT. See Karitane. 
BRITANNIA HEIGHTS. Near Port Nelson, formerly used for signalling arrival of steamers. 
BRITANNIA GULLY. Near Waimangaroa. 
BRIXTON, Taranaki. Nine miles north-east by rail (Sentry Hill or Waitara Road) or coach daily from New Plymouth. Has a butter factory. In Taranaki County. So called after a suburb of London. Post office. Nearest teleg office Waitara. 2 m; and doctor there. Named by early settler (R. Wells) from his old home at Brixton (London). 
BROAD BAY, Otago Peninsula. A picturesque seaside resort 11 miles by daily coach or steamer from Dunedin, arriving Dunedin in morning and leaving again at evening. Portobello, two miles distant, connects with Port Chalmers by ferry steamer every hour or so. There is no hotel here, but in the summer months cottages furnished and un­furnished are usually obtainable by early application, and some of the farmers take in boarders. There is also an excellent boarding house. Dairy farming is chief occupation of Peninsula. The lower road down this way is excellent for cycling, being level all the way. There is a little rabbit shooting on hills, the chief charm of the bay being its excellent bathing beach and sheltered position. There are many pleasant and interesting walks in the neighbourhood. Post and tele­phone office and daily mail. Named by early settler (D. Bacon) from the broad sheet of water fronting his home. Port Chalmers (5 m) doctors visit Portobello (2 miles) twice weekly. Motors are not allowed on the lower road. 
BROADFIELD, Canterbury. A small settlement 12 miles south from Christchurch and four miles from Prebbleton railway station. In Selwyn County. 'Nearest telegraph office at Prebbletonf three miles distant. An agricultural district, with excellent grain growing land. Roads are excellent for cycling in vicinity. Doctor at Lincoln, three miles. 
BROADWAY. See Marton. 
BROADWAY. See Reefton. 
BROADWOOD, Auckland. A small farming settlement 223 miles north from Auckland. Steamer to Rawene fortnightly (30s), then by horse for 17 miles. In Hokianga County. Farming. Wild pigs and native game, such as pigeons, kakas, quail, etc.; also pheasants may be had here in season. Gold and silver has also been found in payable quantities on the main road, called the Broadwood-Takahue road.       Formerly called Mongonui-o-Wae because of the river of that name, but changed by settlers in 1891, at request of P.O. and as the broad district was then covered with wood or bush, hence "Broadwood."    River, with other smaller streams, falls into Whangapi River. Several pretty waterfalls, one of 100ft high. Nearest doctor at Rawene, 17 miles. Post and telegraph office. 
BROKEN HILL. 5162ft; near Castle Hill, West Coast road, Canterbury. 
BROKEN RIVER, Canterbury. 56 m from Christchurch by rail. Coaches leave here for Otira Tues., Thurs., and Sat. 10 a.m. 
BROMLEY. See Christchurch. 
BROOKBY, Auckland. A small farming village 21 miles south-east from Auckland. Rail to Manuwera, then six miles hire. In Manukau County. Situated at the head of the Papakura Valley. Good shooting (hare, pheasant, etc.). Post and telegraph office. 
BROOKDALE, Canterbury. Telegraph office. 
BROOKFIELD. See Waiareka Junction. 
BROOK GREEN. The first name given to Stoke, which see. 
BROOKLYN. A residential suburb two miles south of Wellington by tram. Post, money order, and telegraph office, and several large stores. A splendid view of the city and harbour can be obtained from the hills here, and is worth a visit. Roads rather hilly for cycling. 
BROOKLYNN, Auckland. A small village 16 miles from Auckland. Train to New Lynn, 10 miles, then six miles, or by main road from Auckland, 13 miles. On tidal creek flowing into the Waita-mata River. Good fishing and shooting. In Eden County. Nearest telegraph office at Avondale, 10 miles off. Mails arrive and depart Saturday. Falls here. 
BROOKLYN BAY. On E. side of Queen Charlotte Sound, 16 m from Picton. 
BROOKLYN VALLEY. Picnic resort near Riwaka. 
BROOKSIDE, Canterbury. On Selwyn River, 26 miles from Christchurch. Rail to Irwell, thence by mail cart daily, 26 miles. Agricultural and pastoral settlement. Grey duck and hares plentiful. The river and smaller streams abound with trout. Excellent roads for cycling. No hotel; private board, 20s weekly. Brookside being part of the far-famed Ellesmere district comprises some of the best agricultural and pastoral ground in the province. Most of the inhabitants are old settlers and, having been successful in selecting land in a good locality, are consequently in good circumstances. Some choice flocks of sheep are to be found and the draught horses also are amongst the best in the province. Creamery here Dunsandel six miles distant. Post, tele­graph, and telephone. Doctor at Leeston, six miles. Named after T. Brooks, who gave the land for school and Wesleyan Church. Was formerly called South Selwyn. 
BROOMFIELD, Canterbury. A sheep-farming settlement 38 miles north from Christchurch. Rail to Amberley, nearest township, theme four miles. Situated on the north branch of the Kowai River, about six miles distant from Mount Grey. Shooting plentiful. Mails Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Nearest telegraph office, Amberley. Named from the "broom" growing there at first settlement. Nearest doctor at Amberley. 4 m. 
BROTHERS, THE. Rocky islet in Cook Strait, with lighthouse. 
BROUGHTON COVE. A narrow inlet on eastern side Kenepuru Sound. 
BROWN MOUNT. Near Amberley, Canterbury. 
BROWNING BEACH, Lyttelton Harbour. 
BROWN'S, Southland. A small farming settlement 25 miles north by rail from Invercargill. Brick works, lime kilns, and store. One hotel. Post, telephone, and mails daily. Named by Railway De­partment after early settler. 
BROWNS BAY. On Hauraki Gulf. Wade steamer calls fre­quently. Holiday resort. See also Wade. 
BROWN'S POINT. On E. shore of Wellington harbour. 
BROWNTON. See Hukanui. 
BROXTON. Sheep station. See Woodgrove. 
BRUCE. A county in Otago, having a population of 8438. Milton is the chief town in the county, the county offices being here.
BRUCE BAY, Westland. A email settlement, mining and sheep farming, 128 miles south from Hokitika. Steamer calls every two months. Other route, coach to Waiho Gorge, thence by packhorse overland. Post and telephone office. Mails arriving Friday and closing Wednesday. Plenty of pigeon and duck shooting. The famous Fox and Francis Joseph glaciers (27 miles and 40* mile?) could easily be visited from here, horses being obtainable. Is on Jacobs River. 7 m from bay proper, where goods are landed. Named in 1865 after the first steamer (Bruce) that entered tie bay with diggers from Dunedin; probably given by Captain Kerely of the steamer. Nearest doctor at Ross, 100 m. Government offered to subsidise a resident doctor, but settlers could not agree on position. 
BRUCE MOUNT. A peak of Hohonu Range; 3834ft. 
BRUNNER, Westland. Is the borough and railway name for Brunnerton which is the postal name. See Brunnerton. 
BRUNNER LAKE (Moana). Handsome lake 24 miles south-east from Greymouth. 
BRUNNERTON, Westland. A coal mining centre and borough town (Brunner borough), eight miles east by rail from Greymouth. Population about 1100. The Greymouth and Port Elizabeth Coal Co. have their mine here and employ a large number of men. There is an aerated water manufactory, coke and fire-brick works, and also good trout fishing here. Several hotels, stores, &c. No newspaper. Post, telegraph, money order, and Government offices. Half holiday held here on Wednesday. Is on the Grey River. Named, about 1870, after Thos. Brunner, who discovered the seam of coal here. Dobson (1 m) is really part of Brunnerton. Resident doctors. Scene of great explosion and loss of life, March 26, 1896. The borough comprises Brunner, Wallsend, Taylorville, Dobson, and Stillwater. Two coal mines—viz., St. Kilda and North Brunner—are the mainstay of the place. The place is divided by the River Grey, but is spanned from Taylorville to Wallsend by one of the largest swing bridges in the world. BRUNSWICK, Wellington. A farming village nine miles north by rail (Westmere Station) from Wanganui. In Waitotara County. With a post office, mails arriving and departing daily. Nearest telegraph office. Wanganui. Railway station is three miles off. Shooting plentiful. In 1853 T. J. Campbell, from New Brunswick, settled here, so local road board ratified name. Nearest doctor at Wanganui, 8 miles. 
BRUNTWOOD. The new name for Fencourt. Is 97 miles south-west from Auckland by rail. Dairy-farming district, in Waikato Co. Post and telephone, with mails daily. Hautapu butter factory 1 m. Nearest doctor at Cambridge 4 m. 
BRYANT'S GLACIER. Near Kinloch, on Mount Bonplaud. 
BRYOONE, Southland. 27 miles north-east from Invercargill by rail. Southland County. Named after the late managing director of the N.Z. and Australian Land Company, Mr Thos. Brydone. Is on the Edendale Plain, the Mataura River being the boundary on the east side. Dairying chief industry. Main roads good for cycling. Dairy factory, post and telephone office, and daily mails. Nearest doctor at Mataura, 6 miles. 
BRYNDWYR. A suburb of Christchurch, which see. 
BUBU. One of the oldest diggings, 3 m from Takaka. 
BUCCLEUCH 28 miles by rail from Ashburton and two from Springburn. Known formerly as Mount Somers, which see. Named after the Duke of Buccleugh by early settler. A sheep station. 
BUCHANAN'S PADDOCK. Suburb .of Timaru. 
BUCKLAND, Auckland. 33 miles south by rail from Auck­land, two miles from Harrisville. A farming settlement, and. being one of the greatest centres for raising seeds by Yates and Co.. is becoming a popular resort for visitors. In Manukau County. With post and telephone office, mails arriving and departing daily. Has large store, creamery, two churches (Eng. and Wes.), no hotel, and resident veterinary surgeon. Named after early owner of large estate on which site now is. Nearest doctor at Pukekohe, 2 m. 
BUCKLEY FORT. Name of fort for protection of Wellington. 
BUCKLEY MOUNT. Situated near Brunnerton ; 1144ft. 
BUFFALO BAY. On arm of Mercury Bay. Coromandel Penin­sula. See Coromandel. 
BULLENDALE, Otago. 28 miles by coach and horse from Queenstown. A gold mining settlement. With hotel, store, and butchery, and 20 or 30 miners. Named after G. F. Bullen, late of Dunedin, now of Kaikoura. Arrowtown is the post office for this place. 
BULLER. A county on the West Coast of the South Island. Population about 5000. 
BULLER GORGE. Extends from Nine-mile to Inangahua Junc­tion, a distance of 20 miles. 
BULLER RIVER. Second largest river in New Zealand and falls into the sea at Westport. 
BULLOCKAROA. Rocky Point on Kenny's Isle, Pelorus Sound. 
BULLS, Wellington. A prosperous township 30 miles south from Wanganui. On Main trunk road, New Plymouth to Wellington, situated half a mile from new bridge over Rangitikei, and is 1£ miles from terminus Sandon-Carnarvon tramway, which connects with steamer at Foxton. In Rangitikei County, but Manawatu electoral district. Rail to Greatford, thence daily coach, which meets train four times daily, four miles (Is 6d). Flourmill, flaxmills. dairy com­pany, two timber yards, six stores, and other trades here. Two good hotels and five boarding houses. Two banks, post, telegraph, money order, and savings bank offices. Half-holiday held on Wednes­day. Good recreation ground. Good cycle roads in vicinity. Is on Rangitikei River. Good hare and wild duck shooting, and trout fishing. Population 510. Named after J. Hull, who was the first business man here. Doctors resident here.
BULMER. See Clandeboye. 
BULWER, Marlborough. 59 miles north from Blenheim; situated in Waihinau Bay. Coach to Havelock (7s 6d), thence steamer— alternate Wednesdays and Thursdays (5s). In Sounds County. Said to be the prettiest, as well as the most sheltered, bays in Pelorus Sound. Good fishing, launches being let out on hire. Pigeon shooting. Sheep farming. Post and telegraph office. 
BUNGA FLAT. See Thames. 
BUNNYTHORPE, Wellington. 94 miles north from Wellington by rail and 7 miles from Palmerston North. In Oroua County. Grain growing, dairying, a creamery and butter factory. Roads fair for cyclists. Has hotel, board at 25s per week. Post, telephone, money order and savings bank. Nearest doctor, Feilding, 5 miles. 
BURFORD. Near Stanway. 
BURGESS MOUNT. A peak in South Canterbury; 5696ft.
BURKES, Otago. A small but picturesque residential suburb four miles from Dunedin, in West Harbour ; and the crossing place on main line of rail between Port Chalmers and Dunedin. Post and telegraph office at railway station. The main road from Dunedin to here is a pleasant Past Burkes it is rough and hilly. St. Leonards Named after late Coleman Burke, who owned cycle run on a fine day is one mile further on the land in 1862. and gave site for railway free on condition that there should always be a station here. Nearest doctors at Dnnedin, 4 miles. 
BURKE'S PASS, Canterbury. A pass 1780ft above sea level through to Mackenzie Country (a basin of about 40 square miles) ; 53 miles west from Timaru. Rail to Fairlie, thence motor tri-weekly in summer, twice weekly in winter. 14 m (5s, 7s 6d). Telephone con­nection with Fairlie. Weekly coach from here to Black Forest. One hotel, no private board. Burke's Pass township derives its name from one Burke, who first found this pass to Mackenzie Country known as Mackenzie Pass. Plenty of grey, paradise, and black teal ducks in rivers and lakes of Mackenzie Country, but cover is scarce and ducks not easy got at. Lakes Tekapo, Alexandrina, and Pukaki, and rivers of same name, are the principal shooting ground. Good roads to each place. The hotels are the only accommodation, but the settlers are generally hospitable. Sportsmen would do well to bring camping outfit which can be procured at Fairlie (see. Fairlie). Nearest doctor at Fairlie, 14 miles.
BURKETOWN. See Burkes. 
BURNETT MOUNT. A peak of Victoria Range, 23 miles S.E. of Reef ton; 4264ft, 
BURNETT'S FACE, Nelson. A small coal mining settlement 16 miles from Westport, Waimangaroa, seven miles distant, being nearest railway station. Mails daily. Two hotels and four stores here. Post and telephone and money order office. 
BURN HAM, Canterbury. The Burnham Industrial School is here, and a few farms round about. There is the Selwyn River situated three miles south of Burnham. This river abounds in trout and is accessible by good road from Burnham. Is inland on Canter­bury Plains 18 m S. of Christchurch by rail. Post and telegraph and daily mails. Named by early resident (Bethell), after his birthplace Burnham Beeches (England). Nearest doctor at Lincoln, 10 m. 
BURNSIDE, Otago. The site of several industries, and forming part of the postal district and borough of Green Island; on the railway, four miles south-east from Dunedin. Very good cycling road which is the main road to the Taieri and Milton. Hotel, but no private boarding. The industries here are acid, refrigerating, leather dressing, bacon curing, fellmongery, and iron works. Possessing the advantages of good water supply from streams ; of cheap coal; of railway sidings ; and near vicinity to Dunedin, this place is advancing as an industrial centre. The Dunedin City Abattoirs are situated here. 
BURNSIDE. Near Halcombe. Sheep station. 
BURWOOD. A suburb 3 miles from Christchurch, which see. It is two miles from New Brighton.    Post and telegraph office; mail delivery by letter-carriers. 
BURWOOD. Situated near Matamata., which see. 
BUSBY HEAD. Situated inside Bream Bay. 
BUSH CREEK. Alluvial mining, 1 m from Arrowtown. 
BUSHGROVE. Near Masterton. 
BUSH GULLY. Lower valley, near Martinborough. 
BUSHLANDS. Near Halcombe. 
BUSHMERE. See Matawhero. 
BUSHSIDE, Canterbury, 85 miles south-west from Christchurch. Train to Mount Somers, thence 8 miles hire. See Staveley. 
BUSH SIDING. 18 miles from Invercargill, three miles from Kapuka; on the Invercargill-Gorge Road line. Gorge Road is the nearest post town, which see. No residents. 
BUSHY, Otago. Three miles from Palmerston, or 44 from Dunedin by rail. A flag station for which Palmerston is the postal office. 
BUTCHERS' GULLY. See Alexandra South & Charleston. 
BUTLER MOUNT, Ashburton Co. N.W. of Rakaia River; 6868ft. 
BUTLER'S SIDING. 15 miles by rail from Greymouth. Sea Kokiri.